Skip to main content

Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

See other formats


^ai/trf©.JWcg{aijSfib/ta/(y 




F 

1 

.N56 

V.31 

Upper Snake River Branch 
GeHeal©gical Library 




RICKS COLLEGE 




David O. McKay 
Learning Resources Center 
Rexburg, Idaho 83440 



<o 



^ fOR LIBRARY USE ONLY 






rv 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 
Brigham Young University-Idaho 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistor31wate 




''■n^-awsdly J CBaOt'' 





^ 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



lislorical ani (itneabgkal |iejiste. 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 



Nrto'JSnfilantr ?l^tistotic, <2J?encaloflical <Socitts* 



FOR THE YEAR 1877. 



VOLUME XXXI. 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE^ 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

Printed by David Clapp & Son. 

18 7 7. 



18 77. 

JOHN WARD DEAN, JEREMIAH COLBURN, 

ALBERT H. HOYT, WILLIAM B. TRASK, 

HENRY F. WATERS. 



!Elrttor, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. 



7490 



GENERAL ODEX. 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the Volume.] 



Abstracts of the earliest wills in Suffolk, 102, 175, 
321 •, Essex County Court Papers, 375 ; Nantuck- 
et County, 300 

Adams, Rev. IIuo:h, parentage of, 17 

Adams pedigree, query, 333 

Alden, Susannah, record of, 330 

Alger, Andrew, note, 112 

Alger, John, geofalogy of, 107 

Allen, Kev Benjamin, diary, note, 331 

America, pa^-sengers and vessels to, 309 

American History, Notes on, 21, 147, 393 

Americans of royal descent, note, 225 

Ancient wrecked vessels, note, 332 

Angel Goffe again, 425 

Anthony genealogy, 416 

Anthony, note, 221 

Autographs, of Isaac C. Bates, 140 ; John M. Brad- 
bury, 364 ; Alexis Caswell, 252 ; William Gill, 
180 ; Gamaliel Waite, 424 ; John Waite, 424 ; 
Return Waite, 423 ; Richard Waite, 421 

Bailey, note, 115 
Bankes, Richard, note, 221 
Baptisms and Deaths. (See Records.) 
Barclay, query, 429 
Barnstable family names, 279 
Barristers at law in Massachusetts, 206 
Basse, Nathaniel, note, 397 
Bates, Isaac C, memoirs of, 141 
Battle of Lexington, paper on, 377 
Bennett, William and Robert, note, 398 
Billerica, Mass., town rates, 302 
Biographical sketches — 

David Agry, 363 

James Alden, 363 

Oliver Ames, 342 

Alfred Andrews, 139 

William Appleton, 439 

Thomas Balch, 363 

Hannah S. Baldwin, 249 

Abel Ball, 234 

Geortre L. Barr, 438 

George B. Blake, 343 

Anthony Bonall, 266 

Rev. Mr. Bolton, 270 

Charles Campbell, 127 

Theophilus C. Clapp, 458 

Frederick W. Chapman, 124 

Addison W. Champney, 340 

Daniel F. Child, 234 

Elizabeth Chipman, 139 

Charles D. Cleveland, 231 

Chauncev Colton, 436 

Joshua B. Converse, 236 

Charles H. Davis, 340 

Elias E. Davison, 140 

Charles Day, 249 

William E. Doggett, 235 



Biographical sketches — 

Isaac Emery, 341 

William Epps, 269 

Albert Feaiing, 231 

Eben B. Foster, 249 

Priscilla L. Goodridge, 363 

Daniel Gookin, 266 

James viregory, 235 

Abigail G. Hale, 249 

Andrew T. Hall, 233 

Samuel H. P. Hall, 342 

John S. Hart, 363 

Guy C. Haynes, 249 

Benjamin Hobart, 250 

Thomas Holt, 140 

Samuel Hooper, 230 

John Hull, 167 

John Laydon, 265 

Melvin Lord, 250 

John Miller, 69 

John L. Motley, 363 

George Newce, 240 

John W. Parker, 232 

Benjamin Pomeroy, 233 

John Pott, 268 

Joshua P. Preston, 231 

William C. Reichel, 250 

Lewis Rice, 341 

Levi Richards, 140 

Origen D. Richardson, 364 

Anna M. Richardson, 140 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 343 

Benjamin Hush, 458 

John T. Sargent, 436 

Adoniram Ismaliey, 140 

Josei h Smith, 437 

Thomas Smith, 69 

William B. Sprague, 126 

James B. Thornton, 344 

Ann S. Upham, 364 

Charles W. Upham, 124 

Joseph B. Varnum, 12& 

Charles Wager, 167 

Emory Washburn, 437 

Israel Washburn, 140 

Edward Wisiglesworth, 345 

Samuel Williams, 458 

William T. Williams, 458 

John Woodbury, 364 

Joseph H. York, 232 
Book Notices — 

Alberdi's Life of Wheelwright, 247 

Allibone's Dictionary of Authors, 129 

Allen Genealogy, 135, 237 

America, Comie de Paris's History of the Civil 
War, 137 

American Antiquarian Society, Proceedings of, 
243 



IV 



General Index, 



Book Notices — 

American Bibliopolist, 247 

American Jouriinl of Numismatics, 456 

American Fulilic Libraries, History of, 349 

AmDry'a Tniiisier of Krin, 364 

Answer to a Letter sent from Mr. Coddington to 

Gov. Leveret, 245 
Babson's Notes and Additions to the History of 

Oloucestcr, 356 
Bartli-tt Genealogy, 131 
Bartol'a Fortieth Anniversary Sermon, 244 
Beach's IiicJian Mi>ceilany, 351 
Bell<nap's Tour to the ^^ inte Mountains, 133 
Bell's Memoir of John Wheelwright, 246 
Bi;;eli)w'8 Tour to Niagara Falls in 1805, 358 
Billerica, Mass. Nasun's CeateDnial Address, 

136 
Bisbee Genealog^y, by Lapham, 131 
Bisbee's Hi>tory of Huntingdon, Mass., 360 
Bosrawen, N. H. Collin's Historical Address, 

136 
Boston Directory, 1877, 454 
Boston Records, Commissioner's First Report,347 
Boston, Winthrop's Centennial Address, 139 
Bouton's Semi-Centeniiial Discourse before the 
Jlerrimack Co., N. II., Conference of Churches, 
453 
Brighton Branch of the Boston Public Library, 

dedication, 357 
Brooks's Sermon on Admiral Smith, 359 
Broome County, N. Y. Burr's Centennial Ad- 
dress, 1876, 136 
Buck's Milwaukee, 243 
Butler's Pre- Historic Wisconsin, 359 
Canton, Mass., Centennial Celebration at, 1876, 

360 
Carroll, Charles, Journal of (1776), 138 
Chamberlain's Maine, her place in History, 451 
Clarke's Pre-Historic Remains of Cincinnati, 242 
Clarkson's Genealogy and History. 356 
Cluie's Annals of Staten Island, 455 
Corliss Genealogy. 237 

Crosby's First Half Century of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, 239 
Crot-by Genealogy, 358 

Crosby's Eulogy on Hon. Tappan Wentworth,450 
Currier's SLip-Buildiug on the Merrimac River, 

239 
Deane's Notes on Indenture relating to David 

Thomson, 133 
Deane's edition of Ilakluyt's Documentary His- 
tory of Maine, vol. ii., 439 
Deaiie's paper on Judge Lowell and the Massa- 
chusetts Declaration of Rights, 133 
Deane's Letter's and Documents relating to 

Slavery in Massachusetts, 236 
Deane's Remarks on Paul Kevere's Signal, 355 
De Costa's In Memoriam, Sister Sainte Claire, 

450 
De Co?ta's Verrazzano, 450 
De Costa's Soldier and S^ge, 450 
De Costa's Lost City of New England, 450 
Dauphin Co. Historical Society, Penn., 4th of 

July Address, 455 
De Liincy's Capture of Mt. Washington, 448 
Dext' r's Edward Whalley and William Gofife, 

132 
Doudridge's Indian Wars, 240 
Dover, N. H. Manual of First Church, 242 •, 
Historical Discourse, 248 ', Quint's Centennial 
Address, 136 
Dunster, Henry, his Descendants, 449 
Earwaker's L( cal Gleaning of Lancashire and 

Cheshire, 352 
Earwaker's Life of Dr. John Hewyt, 352 
Ed' s, Centennial Address at Bolton, Mass., 

1876, 360 
England and Wales, Owners of Land, 1875, 456 
Emery's History of North Middleboro' Church, 

361 
Fisher's Sermon on Rev. F. W. Chapman, 359 
Frothingham's Alarm on the Night of April 18, 
1776, 366 



Book Notices — 

Genealogist, the, 418 

Giisum, N. H., Centennial Celebration of Con- 
gregational Church, 244 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, Proceedings, 

1877,358 
Grant's fMrs.) Memoirs of an American Lady, 

new edition, 138 
Gregg's History of the Old Cheraws, 348 
Greenes of Warwick, in Colonial Hi>t -ry, 356 
Greene's History of Rhode Island, 447 
Groton, Mass , Centennial Celebration, 1876,136 
Hall, Mr. k Mrs. William, Biographical History 

of, 356 
Hammond's New-England Academies, 243 
Harvard College Rules, Orders and Statutes, 

133 
Hazen's Congregational and Presbyterian Min- 
istry of New Hampshire, 240 
Hawley's History of the First Presbyterian 

Church of Auburn, N. Y., 453 
Heckeweldi r's History of the Indians in Penn- 
sylvania, 138 
Henry's account of Arnold's Campaign, 446 
Higginson'j Book of American Explorers, 351 
HigKinson's History of the United States, 351 
Historical Magazine, the, 452 
Had ley's Records, Colony of Conn., 1751-67, 

454 
Hoyt's Notes, Historical and Biographical, on 

Laws of New Hampshire, 137 
Hudson's History of Hudson, Mass., 356 
Huntingdon, N. Y., Piatt's Centennial, 136 
Jones Records, 237 
Kansas State Historical Society, Collections and 

Organizations of, 356 
Kearsarge Mountain, N. H,, Fox's Facts about, 

344 ; evidence concerning the name of, 344 
Keene, N. II. White's Centennial Address, 136 
Kidder Family Records, 131 
Kingsbury's Address before the Putnam Pres- 
byterian Church, Zanesville, Ohio, 449 
Kingston Celebration, 150th anniversary of in- 
corporation, 244 
Lancashire Diary, Extracts from, 241 
Lapham Family Register, 131 
Little's Genealogy, 4-19 

Logansport, Indiana, Centennial Celebration, 136 
Londonderry, N. H., Centennial Discourse, 244 
Lowell, Semi -Centennial Celebration, 244 
Lyman's Centennial, Easthampton, 356 
Madison, Wis., 25th Anniversary of the Pres- 
byterian Church, 244 
Maine Genealogist and Biographer, 448 
Maine Conference of Congregational Churches, 

with Historical Sketches, 357 
Marblehead, Mass., History of the First Church, 

242 
Marshall's Diary, edited by Duane, 240 
Maryland, Early Religious History of, 135 
Massachusetts Historical Society's Proceedings 

(1875-6), 133 ; Collections of, 236 
Medfield, Mass., Centennial History of the 
Baptist Church, 453 ; Bi-Centennial of its 
Burning by the Indians, 244 ; Dedication of 
Town Hall. 244 
Medway, 162d Anniversary of the First Church, 

244 
Methuen, Mass. Howe's Historical Sketch, 136 
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 448 
Montana Historical Society, Transactions of, 245 
Munsell'a Chronology f Paper and Paper Mak- 
ing, 455 
Nason's History of Dunstable, Mads., 444 
Neill's Founders of Maryland, 339 
Newhall's Centennial Memorial of Lynn, 453 
Newport, R. I. Sheffield Centennial Address. 

136 
Newton, Mass. History of the First Church, 

242 ; Centennial Celebration, 360 
New York Genealogical and Biographical Rec- 
ord, 248, 448 
Ohio, Early Annals of, 242 



General Index. 



Book Notices — 

Page's History of the Brighton Church, 453 

Paige's History of Cambridge, 347 

Paiiie's Historical and Chronological Notes of 

Worcester, 248 
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biogra- 
phy, 350 
Pennsylvania, Egle's Illustrated History of, 136 
Peterboroush, N. H., Smith's History of, 134 
Philomathean Society, Phillips Academy Semi- 
centennial, 353 
Pike's Journal, edited by Rev. A. H. Quint, 133 
Potter's American Jlonthly, 135, 241 
Beeii Controversy, the, 137 
Richardson Memorial, by Vinton, 131 
Rogers's Genealogical Memoir of the family of 

Sir Walter Scott, 446 
Rojjers's Leaves from my Autobiography, 446 
Royal Historical Society, Transactions of, 446 
Scott Memorial, 345 

Sharpe's (Miss) Royal Descent, and other Pedi- 
grees, 349 
Shippen Genealogy, by Hildeburn, 449 
Shippen Genealogy, by Buchanan, 356 
Shipman's Reminiscences, 239 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, Tenth 

Re-union, 243 
Spalding's Dover Pulpit during the Revolutiona- 
ry War, 248 
Spalding's Discourse, Anniversary Settlement 

of Dover, 248 
Stars and Stripes, when and by whom first 

saluted, 360 
Stevens's Magazine of American History, 350 
SwetUnd's Captivity ahiong the Indians, 338 
Sylvester's Historical Sketch of Northern New 

York, 352 
Talcott Pedigree, 237 
Tdunton, Mass. Adams's Centennial Oration, 

136 
Trumbull's True Blue Laws of Connecticut, 238 
Tyngsboro', Mass., Centennial Record, 135 
Virginia State Library, Report of Committee, 

450 
Voyages of the American Northmen to America, 

by Slafter, 353 
Warren's History of Bunker Hill Monument 

Association, 246 
Washington. The Crawford Letters, 360 
Watson's True Story of the Signal Lanterns on 

Christ Church, 355 
Welles Genealogy, 131 

Weston, Mass. Fiske's Centennial Address, 136 
Wheeler's Pequot Indians, 354 
Whipple Genealogy, 449 
Whitmore Tracts, 132 
Williamson's History of Belfast, Me., 442 
Windsor, Conn., Centennial Celebration, 136 
Winslow Memorial, vol. i., by Holton, 454 
Wisconsin Historical Society Collections, 451 
Worcester Centennial Celebration, 136 
Booth, John and Ebenezer, query, 224 
Boston, arrivals in, of vessels (1712), 310; list of 
innholders and retailers of spirits (1714), 108 ; 
proposal of Negroes in (1714), 115 ; Record of. 
Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and 
Safety, 31, 290 
Bradbury, John M., memoir of, 365 
Brocklebank, query, 225 
Brown, Samuel, query, 221 
Buck, Richard, note, 147 

Bulkeley, Peter, account of the life and times of, 153 
Bullock, Thomas, note, 3)32 
Bunker Hill, Putnam's command at, paper on, 403 

Cambridge, History of, note, 118 
Cambridge (Little) town rates, 305 
Campbell, note, 220 
Campfield, Thomas, query, 221 
Canada expedition, note, 428^ 
Canton, powder-mill in, 272 
Caseo, Me., Indian attack on (1676), 288 
Castle Tavern, note, 329 



Caswell, Alexis, memoir of, 253 

Champion, query, 221 

Charlestown, record of first church, 78, 214, 325 

Cheever, Daniel, letter of, 222 

Chelsea, old burial ground inscriptions, 117 

Chesters of Chickley, note, 429 

Churches in Harwinton and Southington, Ct., 196 

Clark, Benjamin, 114 

Cleveland, Benjamin, note, 220 

Congregationalism in Norfolk and Suffolk, history of, 

427 
Constitution, figure head of, 224 
Cook, Josiah. note, 116 

Cooper, Rev. William, interleaved almanacs, 49 
Corliss family, note, 334 
Cressey genealogy, 197 
Currier, Samuel, note, 114 
Cutter, William, note, 220 

Dalliber family documents, 312 

Davenport familv, note, 223 

Davison, Alice, 151 

Deane, Silas, letter to, 99 

Deaths (current), 139, 249, 363, 458 

Dennison, query, 428 

Detroit, Mich., note, 334 

De Wolf, note, 113 

Diary, Widiam Cooper's, 49 

Dimon, query, 221 

Documents— from the Gerrish manuscripts, 67 ; re- 
lating to Col. John Humphrey's farm at Lynn, 
307 -, relating to immigrants from Jersey, 277 

Douglas genealogy, 166 

Douglass, note, 118, 220 

Dover, N. H., baptisms in, 313 } printing in, 115 

Downes, Richard, 396 

Dummer, note, 218 

Durkee, Nathaniel, note, 221 

Durston, Thomas, query, 221 

Eliot, Benjamin, note, 220, 427 

English wills, 413 

Essex County Court papers, documents from, 375 

Felt, note, 114 

Fillmore, Millard, historical sketch of, 9 

Fiske, Phineis, query, 221, 428 

Folsom, alias Smith, note, 113 

Framingham, note, 427 

Freeman, Constant, note. 111 

Furness, note, 110 

Gates genealogy, 401 
Gates, Sir Thomas, note, 430 
Gayer genealogy, 296 
Garrett, William, note, 396 
Genealogical waifs, 323 
Genealogies — 

Alger, 101 Gates, 401 

Anthony, 416 Gayer, 296 

Bates 141 Hale, 83 

Cres'^ey, 197 Hilt>n, 179 

De Wolf, 113 Parker, 111 

Douglas, 166 Waite, 421 

Felt, 114 
Georgetown (old) and Woolwich, note, 226 
Gerrish manuscripts, documents from, 67 
Goffe, William, 425 

Hale genealogy, 83 

Hancock record, note, 330 

Harrison, Me., early settlers of, note, 429 

Harvard College Triennial, 334 

Harvard graduates, dates wanted, 430 

H.irwinton, Ct., chuiches in, 195 

Harwood, William, note, 200 

Hay, note, 428 

Healey, William, note, 224 

Hill, Elij»halet, query, 221 

Hilton genealogy, 179 

Hilton, William, note, 333 

Historical articles in newspapers, 117 



VOL. XXXI. 



li 



VI 



General Index. 



Historical Sfwieties. proce^dinRS of — 

Dt'hiware, 221* ; Maine, 337 ; Nt-w Knpland His- 
torio, Ufiu-iilcK'ical, 119, 227, 235, 430; New 
Jersey, 338; New London County, 228; K.iio<le 
Island, 123, 228, 338, 435 ; Virginia, 229, 339, 436 

Il(illit)gswortl), Frank, query, 'li\ 

IlolliH, N. 11., in the War of the Uevolution, 23, 109 

lluplvintoii, imte, 115 

Hull reronls, 76 

Hull, Capt. Joiin, sketch of, 167 

Humphreys farm iu Lynn, 307 

Ilsley, note, 112, 226 
Indian attack on Cisco (1676), 288 
Inscriptions, Chelsea, note, 117 
International exhibition, note, 117 

Jeffries manuscripts, seals from, 56 

Jenner, Thomas, ship, 309 

Jersey, documents relating to immigrants from, 277 ; 

notes relating to article on immigrants from, 414 
Jones, note, 111 
Jordan, Siselye, 160 

Kidd diamonds, 332 
Kilby, note, 114 

Lang, query, 428 

Letter of the secret committee of Congress to Silas 

Deane(1776),99 
Letters — 

BanielCheever (1774), 222 

Thaddeus Clark, 289 

M. Uickerson (1835), 224 

Nathaniel Fryer (1694), 163, 165 

William Hilton (1633), 179, 180 

Cotton Mather (1726), 222 

William Kedford (1694), 194 

Susan Redington (1676-7), 161 

Jonathan Usher (1694), 163 

George Washington (1789), 196 
Lexington, battle of, paper on, 377 
Lillibridge, note, 220 
Lincoln, General, relics of, 333 
List of innholders and retailers of spirits in Boston 

(1714), 108 
Literary World, the, note, 226 
Long, Elizabeth, query, 332 
Longmeadow, Mass , families, 318, 417 
Loverin^', Joseph, note, ill 
Lynn documents relating to the John Humphreys 

farm, 307 
Lyme, Coun. Births and marriages, 211 

Maine State Celebrities, note, 226 

Massachuseits, the slave trade in, 75 

Mather, Cotton, note, 222 

Mather, Kichard, note, 117 

Mellon, query, 430 

Members of the New England Historic, Genealogical 

Society, obituaries of. (See Necrologies.) 
Memoirs — 

Isaac C. Bates, 141 

John M. Bradbury, 365 

Peter Bulkeley, 153 

Alexis Caswell, 262 

Millard Fillmore, 9 

William Rotch, 262 
Memoranda from the Rev. William Cooper's inter- 
leaved almanacs, 49 
Miller, John, 69 
Moffat, note, 429 
Muzzey, Rev. A. B., paper by, 377 

Newcnmb, Thomas, account book, 294 
Necrologies of ijie New England Historic, Genea- 
logical Society — 

Oliver Ames, 342 

Willi.ini Applelou, 439 

A Ik- I Ball, 2;]4 

Georgo L. Harr, 438 

George B. lllake, 343 

Charles Camplx'll, 127 



Necrologies of the New England Historic, Genealogi- 
cal Society — 

Aildis m W Chami>tiey, 340 

Frtdt-rick W. Chapman, 124 

Daniel F. Child, i^^ 

Ch:irlea D. CL-veland, 231 

Chauncey Colton, 436 

Joshua P. Converse 236 

Charles II Davis, 340 

William E. Doggett, 235 

Isaac Kmery, 341 

Albert Fearing, 231 

James Gregory, 235 

Andrew T. Hall, '233 

Samuel H. V. Hall, 342 

Samuel Hooper, 230 

John W I'arker, 2:i2 

Benjamin I*, meroy, 233 

Joshua P Preston, 231 

Lewis Kice, 341 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 343 

Joseph Smith, 437 

William B. Sprague, 126 

John Turner Sargent, 436 

James B. Thornton, 344 

Chnries W Upham, 124 

Joseph B Varnura, 125 

Emory Washburn, 437 

Edward WigglesW' rth, 345 

Thomas 11. Wynne. 128 

Jasper II. York, 232 
New England, arrivals of ships in (1630), 309 
New England Chronicle (1775), items from, 430 
New England emigrints (1622), 335 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society,Pre8ident 
Wilder's annual address, 209 ; proceedings of, 119, 
227. 335, 433 ; necrologies of, 124, 230, 340, 436 
New Hampshire in the Kevilutlon, 34 ; notes to, 45 ; 
part taken In crossing the Delaware, 42 ; in battles 
of Trenton and Princeton, 42 ; battle of Benning- 
ton, 43 
New Hampshire Manuscripts, 162 
Newhall, note, 332 

Newspapers, historical articles in, 117 
Newton, Mass., town rates of, 302 
Noble, Seth, query, 223 
Nonconformists of Suffolk and Norfolk, England, 

note, 335 
Notes on American History, 21, 147, 393 
Notes and Queries, 109, 218, 329, 427 
Noyes, Moses, query, 225 

Obituary notices. (See Necrologies.) 

Paine, query, 429 

Pajiers in case of Guy vs Kinj^f, 375 
Parentage of Hugh, John and Matthew Adams, 17 
Parker, Francis J., paper by, 403 
Parkei , Jacob, note. 111 
Passengers and vessels to America, 309 
Pearson, E^)hraim, note, 220 
Pembroke, marriages in (1755-1787), 68 
Penn genealogy, note, 430 
Peirce, William, note, 399 
Philagathos, query, 335 
Phillemore, note, 112 
Phillips, note. 111 
Phillips, Eleanor, 161 
Powder mill in Canton, the, 272 
Pratt, Stephen, note, 4;»0 
Printing iu Oover, N. H., note, 115 
Proposal of negroes in Boston (1714), note, 116 
Publicola, query, 226 
Puffer, note, 427 
Purfray, Thomas, 399 

Putnam, Gent ral, could he command at Bunker Hill ? 
paper on, 403 

Queries. (See Notes and Queries.) 

Raymond, query, 427 

Recent publications, 261, 361, 466 



General Index » 



Vll 



Record of the Boston Committee of Correspondence, 
Inspection and Safety. 31, 290 

Records. Barnstable, Mass., family names, 279 ; 
CharU'Stown, 1st Church, 78, 214, 325 ; Dover, n! 
H.. baptisms, 313 5 Essex Co. Court Papers, 375 •, 
Hull, Mass , 76 ; Lyme, Ct, births, marriiges and 
deaths, 211 5 Longmeadow familie^i, 318, 417 ; 
Pembroke marriages, 68 ; West Springfield mar- 
riages, 281 

Redington, Susan, letter of, 160 

Redlon, note, 114, 225 

Revere, Paul, church signal, note, 109 

Richardson, query, 428 

Riddell genealogy, note, 223 

Rings and horse shoes, query, 428 

Kishworth, note, 218 

Rogers, William and Timothy, note, 226 

Rotch, William, autobiographical memoir of, 262 

Saffln, John, note, 115 

Saltonstall, note, 110 

Sands, David, note, 152 

Scotch Irish, note, 226 

Scott, Sylvanus, note, 113 

Seals from the Jeffries Collection of Manuscripts, 56 

Slave trade in Massachusetts, 75 

Smith, Rev. Thomas, marriages by, 68 ; sketch of, 68 

Smith, Capt. John, note, 114 

Somers, Sir George, note, 430 

Southington, Conn., churches in, 195 

Southworth, query, 429 

Star Spanuleii Binner the, 29 ; autograph copy of, 

28 } additional verses, 81 ; note, 116 
Starr, note, 330 
Stephens, Uriah, query, 334 
Stevfns, William, query, 2^5 
Stockton, Jonas, 152 
Stone, query, 333 
Stoughton, qut-ry, 429 

Suffolii County Probate files, abstracts of, 102, 175 
Sumner, note, 113 
Swan, note, 115 
Symonds, query, 223 

Talcott, John, gravestone. 111 

Tay, Jeremiah, note, 332 

Town Kecords. (See Records.) 

Treacle fetctied out of a viper, note, 220 

Treat, note, 113 

Trumbull, note, 115 

Utie, John, note, 399 

Virginia. Census (1624), 147, 285, 393; History, 
226 5 Lotteries, 21 ; Slaveholders, 22 

Wadleigh, query, 429 

Wager, air Charles, sketch of, 167 



Waite genealogy, 421 

Waite, Joseph, 160 

Ward, Henry, query, 429 

Washington, letter of, 196 

Waters, Eilward. note, 393 

Weld, John, query, 225 

Wells, Francis, query, 335 

Wells, John, query, 225 

Westminster Abbey, note, 118 

West Springfield marriages, 281 

Whalley, Edward, note, 334 

Whitney, note, 225 

WhofiF, query, 317 

Wilder family, page from the history of the, 420 

Wilder, Amherst, query, 221 

Wills, English, 413 

Wills and other Probate RecordSj abstracts of— 

John Avery, 102 

George Burden, 104 

John Coggan, 106 

Thomas Cromwell, 175 

Rice Davis, 105 

John Dwight. 178 

Abiell Evereli, 178 

Robert Fitt, 322 

John Frnncklyn, 107 

Arthur Gill, 102 

John Gore, 104 

Thomas Griffin, 176 

Richard Hnrdier, 105 

Robert K^ayne, 105 

Richard LHng^r, 178 

John Luson, 178 

Lewis Martyn, 321 

John Maynard, 175 

Willi m Paddy, 321 

Andrew Pitcher, 177 

John Rogers, 177 

Robert oharp, 103 

William Stevens, 104 

Ann fciwan. 115 

Thomas Thori.hill, 175 

EUinor Trusler, 103 

Itabeil Turner, 178 

John Tucker, 178 

R becca Webb, 104 

Joseph WaitH, 160 

Charitv White, 178 

John Wilkie, 178 

Nathaniel Williams, 178 
Woodbury, note, 220 
Woodward, Natfianiel, note, 332 
Woolwich, Me., note, 226 
Wyatt, John, query, 332 

Yankee privateersman in England (1777-79), 18) 

212,284 




1858. 




THE 

IIISTOIUCAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1877. 



sketch of the life of the iiox. ^millard 

fill:moke, 

THIRTEENTH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. 
By the Rev. Geouge W. Hosmer, D.D., of Newton, Mass. 

MILLARD FILL:M0RE came from a sound English stock. 
His grandfather settled in Bennington, Vt., and was a lieu- 
tenant under Gen. Stark in the battle of Bennington. His father, 
Nathaniel Fillmore, was born in Bennington, and his early years 
were passed in that outpost of New England life. When of age, 
about 1795, he started for what then was the far west. He went 
through Troy and Schenectady, and up the Mohawk valley to 
Utica, then a village, through the AVhite's town settlement, and still 
on into the wilderness in central New York ; and at a spot, now 
called Summer Hill in Cayuga county, he made a stand, cut down 
trees, built a log cabin, made a clearing, and got one harvest per- 
haps ; and then returned to Bennington, told his old neighbors of 
his adventures, married a wife, and came again to his new home. 
There alone in the forest, three miles to a neighbor, and much more 
than that to any hamlet or village, he began his home life. It was 
naked, rude and lonely, but he was equal to his lot. He had strength, 
a sharp mother wit, thought for causes and eifects, and grew up in 
the wilderness a son of nature. Amidst his hard labor he found 
time to read every paper or book he could get hold of; then he was 
social, and as settlers came near him, he loved to talk about poli- 
tics, religion, farming ; and so he grew to be the man of his neigh- 
borhood. After some twenty-five years in Cayuga county, he re- 
moved his home more than a hundred miles Avestward, to Aurora 
in Erie county ; and there he cleared another farm, and there he 
died, more than eighty years old. 

Old Esquire Fillmore was a patriarch among the new settlers ; 
a counseller and judge in all their affairs. He was a sort of back- 
woods Socrates, affecting to know very little, and asking crucial 

VOL. XXXI. 2 



10 Hon, Millard Fillmore, [Jan. 

questions ; and when ignorant pretenders had put forth their claims, 
with unsparing hand he would sweep them from their feet. His first 
wife, and the mother of his children, was described by her husband 
as a pleasant-natured woman, who made the best of her hard lot, 
living to open a way for others. 

Of these parents JNIillard Fillmore was the second child. He was 
born in the forest-home in Cayuga county, Jan. 7, 1800. It was 
a wild birtli-place ; but intelligence and affection were there to shel- 
ter and nurture the children, who indeed were more favored than 
multitudes, who are born to be pampered in luxury. 

It is only known that Millard was at home there in the new coun- 
try, which was being rapidly settled, until he was fourteen years 
old, when he was placed with a clothier to learn to card wool and 
dye and dress the cloth made in the farmers' houses. He had such 
schoolino; as there was. The New Enc^land school-house has al- 
ways gone along with New England emigrants, or followed very 
close after them ; but the schools must have been very poor, — and 
probably his father helped him more than the teachers. His was 
nature's schooling of wayside incidents and common sense, more 
than of books and recitations. 

When about nineteen years old, his father having removed to 
Erie county, Millard seems to have taken his destinies into his own 
hands ; he determined to study law, and bought his time, till he 
should be of age, of the clothier — for pay giving his note leaning 
on prospects ; and then began to study with a kind old friend who 
had a few law books, teaching school a part of the year for support. 
In these straits he tacked along, compelling the respect of those 
about him ; and before he was twenty-one he was invited to give 
an oration on the fourth of July. The woodsmen would have had 
it printed, but with characteristic caution and modesty he declined. 
Soon after this he got out of the woods, and went to Buffalo, about 
1820, where he studied law, making his way by assisting in the 
post-office, and teaching school a part of each year. Buffalo had 
been burned by the British six years before, but was noW rapidly 
rising to commercial importance, and was full of quick life. 

In 1823 Mr. Fillmore was admitted as attorney at law, and open- 
ed an office eighteen miles from Buffalo, at Aurora, where his father 
resided. Here he began, and by close application to business laid 
the foundations of his professional eminence. In 1826 he married 
Miss Abigail, daughter of liev. Lemuel Powers, a most judicious 
and estimable woman, with whom he shared the rising fortunes of 
a distinguished life. In 1828, and for three years, he was repre- 
sentative of Erie county in the state legislature, and was especially 
efficient in abolishing imprisonment for debt. 

In 1830 he established himself in Buffalo. He practised law 
there seventeen years with marked success. His firm was Fillmore 
So Hall ; and then Fillmore, Hall & Haven — the late Judge Hall of 



1877.] Hon. Millard Fillmore. td^^ 11 

the U. S. District Court, and P. M. General U. S., and Hon. S. 
G. Haven, being his partners. The bar of Buffalo at this period was 
very able, and had several brilliant men and sound lawyers : Albert 
H. Tracy, Henry K. Smith, George P. Barker, John H. Talcott, 
WilHam H. Green, Henry R. Rogers — men to test the metal of 
opponents. 

It was a bold enterprise for Mr. Fillmore to come to Buffalo, 
where he must stand with men, who had enjoyed the best opportuni- 
ties. But he maintained himself as a lawyer and advocate, and his 
firm was held in respect, among the best, in western New York. 
By temperate living, when intemperance was most common and 
was destroying many brilliant men, and by hard study and the closest 
application to business, he won honorable eminence. Others might 
have more genius, more eloquence, but he was sure to be thorough- 
ly informed in regard to fixct and law ; and the logic of facts gave 
him his triumphs. His firm, and he at the head of it, was gene- 
rally on one side or the other of every important case. He had no 
greener laurels than as a lawyer in Buffalo. By integrity, large 
intelligence, close study and indefatigable application, he earned 
confidence and respect. 

In 1832 Mr. Fillmore was chosen representative to Congress. 
He was now thirty-three years old, and twenty of those years had 
been passed in the hard, rough school of the forest ; but he had 
made the most of his ability and opportunity, and had stood there 
in the sight of the nation so respectably, that in 1836 he was placed 
there again, and remained a member of the house seven years ; 
during all this time having a strong hand in his law firm at Buffalo ; 
and the latter part of the time, he was chairman of the Committee 
of Ways and Means, and so, in large sense, the leader of the 
House. While chairman of the Ways and Means, he carried 
through the House, against sharp opposition, an appropriation of 
$30,000 to Morse's telegraph, which really gave it to the world. In 
1843 he was candidate for nomination as Vice-President ; in 1844 
he was a candidate for governor of New York, and in 1847 comp- 
troller of that state. In 1849 he was elected Vice-President ; and 
by the death of Gen. Taylor in 1850, he became President of the 
United States. 

In this remarkable elevation, and so rapid, for Mr. Fillmore was 
only fifty-one years old when he reached the Presidency, his bearing 
was admirable. He was never seen abroad eagerly seeking office ; 
he calmly met what came, laboriously faithful to the trusts com- 
mitted to him. His private business had his time and attention ; 
no client ever complained that his interests were neglected ; and 
when the public asked for his service, he rendered it with equal 
fidelity. 

Old Esquire Fillmore loved to say that he had the shortest creed 
in Christendom ; only two short words — do right. The son tried to 



12 lion. Millard Fillmore, [Jan. 

do right. A letter that he wrote to his minister, when upon the 
(Iccath of Gen. Taylor he found himself at the head of the govern- 
ment, and such responsibility resting upon him, revealed the serious 
earnestness with w4iich he took up his great duty ; in strong words 
he said how deeply he felt his dependence upon God, and with all 
his heart souf^jht his f^fuidance. 

INIr. Fillmore's administration has not always been treated fairly ; 
because in some great matters there was mistake, at a time when 
many good men did not see deep enough, the whole course of his 
administration has often been underrated or severely censured ; 
ranked with other administrations of very far less significance and 
merit. 

In his beginning he called around him an able cabinet, one of 
the ablest the country has seen; Webster, Corwin, Crittenden, 
Hall, Graham, Kennedy, and afterward Everett — men whose posi- 
tion in the Union, and whose opinions and character show that he 
meant tc} be fixir, and give to all sides and interests due regard. Then, 
as we look along through those three years, a time of great partisan 
strife, it is easy to see how earnestly Mr. Fillmore tried to make his 
administration usefid to the people of the whole country, and sub- 
serve the great purposes of general welfare and civilization. He 
did all he could for low postage — a greater blessing than we know 
how to estimate. He led the way in establishing the Agricultural 
Bureau in the government, giving to farmers and planters impor- 
tant facilities in knowing each others' methods and exchanging 
seeds and spreading important information. Very large discretion 
was left with Mr. Fillmore as president, in the additions and finish- 
ing of the capitol at Washington ; and we are greatly indebted to 
his good sense and sound practical judgment, that we have that 
noble building which is justly the pride of our country. 

Mr. Fillmore decisively checked intermeddhng with the govern- 
ment of Cuba ; and while Kossuth so touched our hearts by his 
wonderful eloquence about the sufferings of Hungary at the hands 
of the House of Hapsburg, Mr. Fillmore held us back from use- 
less interference, though the Austrian minister M. Hills eman learn- 
ed, from Daniel Webster's famous letter, how the administration and 
the country regarded Austria's injustice. 

During Mr. Fillmore's administration several expeditions for dis- 
covery, and to promote international amity, were fitted out with 
much pains and expense. Lieut. Lynch was sent into Africa. 
Capt. Kinggold was sent into the Chinese seas, and to touch, if pos- 
sible to a more kindly intercourse, the ancient empire ; Lieuts. 
Herndon and Gibbon were sent more fully to explore the regions of 
the Amazon, and open trade with those wonderfully fertile countries, 
which are becoming more and more important to us and the world ; 
and Com. Perry was sent to Japan, and a treaty was made with 
that interesting people, who are coming to us with a remarkable 



1877.] Hon. Millard Fillmore, 13 

docility — the old to the new, as was never before seen in the world. 
Our growing intercourse with Japan makes one of the most inspiring 
hopes of our time. By good fellowship we are reviving that old 
pioneer of the world's progress. Mr. Fillmore was remarkable for 
the attention, scrutiny, and hard work, he gave to whatever passed 
through his hands. An old Virginia statesman said, that no presi- 
dent had ever so thoroughly done his work, and done it himself. 

But the times were sharp and full of peril. Before Gen. Taylor 
died the south were roughly demanding of him, a southern man, 
such partisan favor in his administration as he, being the president 
of the whole United States, could not justly, and therefore would 
not, grant them. They threatened to break up the government, — 
and he died. 

It was a terrible crisis for Mr. Fillmore to come to the head of 
the government at that time. He meant to be fair ; though the 
south was imperious, he would do them full justice ; they should 
have all the constitution gave them. And then, he dreaded war, 
and especially war of brethren and neighbors ; he shrank from blood- 
shed ; he deprecated the waste, havoc and misery ; by any and every 
means he would save his country from such calamity as war must 
bring ; and when the south made new demands of the north, and 
intensified their threats, and when Congress by a large majority 
passed the Fugitive Slave Bill, then for the sake of peace he thought 
it best to sign it ; and to write letters to the south, that the powers 
of the government should be exerted to the utmost to help them re- 
cover their fugitive slaves in the north. In doing this he verily 
believed that he had saved his country from civil war ; but now all 
can see, and some saw it then, it was only postponing the horror, 
and making it more dreadful ten years later. First there must be 
righteousness, and then peace. Some things there are worse than 
war. Slavery and its evils are worse ; and if we can be rid of 
these, we will bear patiently the bereavements, sorrows and expense 
of the war they caused. 

It was a great mistake to yield so much to the entreaties, or to 
the threats of the south ; and it has brought worse calamity upon 
the south than upon the north. But it was a mistake into which 
multitudes, and many great and well-meaning men, fell as well as 
Mr. Fillmore. It was a fearful ordeal throus^h which he had to 
pass. He tried, hard as a man ever did, to do what he thought was 
best under the circumstances ; had he taken his father's short creed 
in its highest sense, do right — do right though the heavens fall (but 
they will not fall) — with that he might have cut the Gordian knot 
that bound him. Standing, as we must think, as a lawyer, rather 
than as a statesman, upon a very literal interpretation of the con- 
stitution, he did what he thought must be done to pacify the south, 
and save us, and save them, from the horrors of fratricide. They 
scorned his dread of war, laughed at his efforts to keep peace, joined 

VOL. XXXI. 2* 



14 Hon, Millard Fillmore, [Jan. 

the party opposed to him, and elected Franklin Pierce to be his suc- 
cessor ; they hastened from bad to worse, until the terrible storm 
broke upon the country. 

Mr. Fillmore was disappointed. His administration and policy 
had been rejected ; and when the war came, which he thought might 
have been prevented, he could not see the light of hope, he did not, 
like Edward Everett, adjust himself to the new conditions, and 
mourned the calamity of his country. 

During Mr. Fillmore's administration, the writer of this sketch 
had the pleasure of waiting upon two aged men to Washington, the 
Hev. Dr. Kendall of Plymouth, Mass., and Esquire Fillmore, the 
president's father. They both were more than eighty years old. It 
was a notable journey ; we made easy stages, stopping at New 
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore. The president's father was an 
especial object of interest along the way. His arrival at the hotel 
in Philadelphia was noticed in the papers ; and to draw guests it 
was announced that he would stay some days. The next morning, 
as we were again on our journey, a man said to Mr. Fillmore, "The 
president's father was at Jones's hotel last night." "Was he?" 
said the 'Squire." "Yes," said the man, " and he is to remain there 
some days." " Indeed," said the old man, "how do you know that?" 
"I saw it in the paper," returned the man. "Ah," said Mr. F., 
"you must not believe half that's in the papers." 

The two old men were social. Dr. Kendall's reverent faith was 
not quite according to the ideas which the venerable pioneer had 
hewn out for himself; he did not know about some things, in Old 
Testament and New ; but they were genial, and enjoyed each other. 
Mr. Fillmore told us of his early life in the woods ; and how, when 
Millard was born, he went seven miles through the forest for a phy- 
sician, and when he returned in haste to say that the physician 
would soon be there, he found the baby boy rocking in a sap trough 
for want of a better cradle. 

We reached Washington, and Mr. F. stepped into the president's 
carriage, which was waiting his arrival ; and Dr. Kendall and I 
went to Post-Master-General Hall's. Finding that the president's 
last reception for the season was to be that evening, we hastened to 
be there. As we entered the reception room, we saw the president 
and his family and cabinet, and his father at his side. As soon as 
we had been very cordially received. Dr. Kendall drew me aside and 
whispered, " Was there ever since the world began such a contrast 
as that group, and the baby in the sap trough?" It was indeed a 
contrast. The president was a liandsome man, of fine bearing, in 
the prime of life ; and his father was venerable, tall, and not much 
bowed down by his eighty years ; his full grey hair and intelligent 
face at once drew attention ; and he stood there by his son , as no 
other father then had done, as calm and self-possessed as in his jus- 
tice court in some log cabin of Western New York. 



1877.] Hon. Millard Fillmore, 15 

I was to be in Wasliin^ton a few weeks, and Esquire Fillmore 
was to return home with me ; but one day I met him and he said, 
"lam going home to-morrow." I said, " But why not wait for 
me?" "No, no," said he, "I will go. I do not like it here ; it 
isn't a good place to live ; it isn't a good place for Millard ; I wish 
he was at home in Buffalo." 

Mr. Fillmore had scarcely closed his term of service, when Mrs. 
Fillmore, who had long been ill, and had hoped soon to rest in their 
old quiet home, grew more severely sick, jind died at Washington 
three weeks after the close of her husband's administration. She 
was wise and excellent ; and in great sorrow, attending her remains, 
Mr. Fillmore and his son and daughter came home to Bulfalo. 

They came quietly, with as little display as possible, into the 
house that Mr. Fillmore had lived in, since he came to Buffalo 
twenty-three years before. No goods of the nation clung to him ; 
his hands were clean. Integrity and economy had kept him safe. 
By his large law business for seventeen years, admirably conducted, 
he had accunudated a moderate competency, enough for a fiimily of 
simple tastes and economical habits ; he returned from Washington 
with little if any more estate tlian he had when he went there. He 
lived handsomely in the presidential mansion, expending very nearly 
the income of his ofhce, and when he returned to Buffalo, he left the 
ceremonial forms and equipage all behind him. lie was cordially 
received by his old neighbors and fellow citizens, and moved among 
them as unostentatiously as if his life had always been confined to 
the city and county of his ado])tion. 

In 1855 and 1850 ^Ir. Fillmore visited Europe. He was po- 
litely recognized in the capitals, and greatly enjoyed seeing and 
studying the manners and civilization of the older world. lie had 
never studied art nor classics, but he was a keen, intelligent observer, 
and in his own sphere, which was respectable, he was a dignified 
gentleman. The University of Oxford conferred the degree of 
D.C.L. upon him, and he modestly declined it. He had never 
enjoyed university opportunities, and was not willing to accept uni- 
versity honors, though politely ofiered, when the compliment was 
more to the office which he had held than to himself. He had just 
a little pride in standing up, just what he was, without ornamental 
pillars and buttresses, which he felt, in his case, would have been 
only complimentary and ornamental. 

Having returned from Europe, ]\Ir. Fillmore bought a beautiful 
house, aiid surrounded himself with books, and was a close and 
happy student of history and philosophy, occasionally reading a 
novel, or touching lightly upon poetry. He used to say how much 
he enjoyed these leisure days of stud}^ ; in his busy, crowded life, 
he never before had known such satisfactions. 

In 1858 Mr. Fillmore married Mrs. Caroline Mcintosh, of Alba- 
ny, N. Y., a lady of fortune and much artistic culture; and his 



16 Hon, Millard Fillmore. [Jan. 

fine house was filled with pictures and things of beauty, and a mod- 
est equipage appeared ; and the home of the ex-president was in all 
respects such as loyal republican citizens love to see, 

Mr. Fillmore's domestic character was quite remarkable He 
loved his home ; his heart was contented there ; when away at the 
state legislature in Albany, or in Congress, he wrote a letter to his 
wife every day. Once she said she had not received her daily letter, 
for her husband, being then chairman of the Committee of Ways 
and Means, could not find time, and then only wrote to her every 
other day. A daily letter to wife at home, heartily written, would 
do something to purify life at Washington. 

Mr. Fillmore was useful in society at Buffalo. Sometimes he 
gave a lecture. He did much to organize a historical society in 
Buflfalo, and for many years was its president ; and it has become 
a permanent and valuable institution, and a significant memorial of 
its chief founder. He was often honored by his fellow citizens with 
appointments to offices of dignity. In 1845 he was elected a cor- 
responding member of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, and in 1854 an honorary member. He was chosen an 
honorary vice-president of that society for the state of New York in 
1855, and was annually reelected till his death. '^ 

When Abraham Lincoln was on his way to Washington to be 
inaugurated as president, he spent a Sunday at Buffalo, and Mr. 
Fillmore was chairman of the committee of reception. The com- 
ing man was received with distinguished honor. Sunday morning 
with Mr. Fillmore he attended the Unitarian Church f and in the 
evening, when crowds were thronging his hotel in hopes to see him, 
he slipped out and went with Mr. Fillmore to Father Beason's 
meeting, which the outside throng cared nothing about, to hear an 
address about the western Indians, and an appeal that their wrongs 
misfht be redressed. 

Mr. Fillmore was often invited to occasions of public interest, in 
different parts of the country, but generally declined; he did not 
seek notoriety ; and among his books and friends he very quietly 
spent his latter years. He retained remarkably his vigor and fine 
bearing. He died in Buffalo, March 8, 1874, in the 75th year of 
his age. 

^ This Society passed appropriate resolutions on his death at its meeting, April 3, 1874, 
which are printed in full in the Register, vol. xxviii. 344. His ancestry will be found m 
Dr. Woodward's article on the genealogy of the Fillmores, in vol. xi. of this work, pp. 61-6, 
and 141-7.— Ed. 

2 Mr. Filhnore was a member of the Unitarian society at Buffalo, of which the Rev. 
Dr. Hosraer, the Avriter of this article, had been pastor since 1836. — Ed. 



1877.] Purcntarje of Ilurjh^ John and MatUieio Adams. 17 



TIIP] PlU)r>Ar>LE PARENTAGE OF KEY. HUGH AND 
MESSRS. JOHN AND :MATTI1EW ADAMS.' 

V.Y A DKSCENDANT OF MATTHEW ADAMS. 

THE Rev. Hugh Adains of Diirliam, N. II., was born ^Miiy 7, 
1G7G ; ii;nuluatcHl H. U., iC. 21 years, 101)7 ; married Susanna 
Winl)urn. His church records, now in possession of Hon. Samuel 
Chesley Adams of West Newfield, Me., contain this quaint entry : 

*' April 14, 1723. On a fair Sunshiny Lord's Day, my infant daughter, 
horn on tli<; fifth <1;iy of tlie week (Thursday) the eleventh day of the sec- 
ond month (April) ahout half an hour past six in the morning, was, after 
the name of her father's Godly mother and her own grandmother, baptized 
Avis Adams." 

Also in Sibley's Harvard Graduates, pap^c 504, I find transcribed 
from SewalFs diary a letter from IIuLih Adams, written to his bro- 
ther rJohn, shop-keeper in Boston, dated Charleston, S. C., Feb. 
23, inUU-l 700, announcing that their "precious godly ^Mother 
Avis Adams departed y"" Life Oct G"' last." She died of the yellow 
fever. 

In the City Hall records, Boston, I found among births : 

" Jane, daughter of John Adams and Avis his wife, h. Dec. 24, 1G86. 
Ann, " '' ' *' " h. Feb. 21, 1688.'* 

I therefore infer that the three brothers, Hugh, John and Mat- 
thew, may have been chihlreu of this ^amc John and Avis — the 
name of Avis being uncommon at that early period. AVc know 
that Hugh was born in 1G7(). No record has as yet been found of 
John except as a " shop-keeper in Boston," February, 1099. Mat- 
thew's birth is not found, but he married, Nov. 17, 1715, Kathe- 
rine, daughter of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (AVhaff ) Brigden, at 
which time his age must have been at least 20 (possibly 24), mak- 
ing his birth about 1()90, or 1(394, probably after the birth of the 
sisters Jane and Ann. He died March 2, 1747-1748. 

In the Boston City Hall records of marriages I also found : 

" Anne Adams m. William Play by Samuel Willard, Feb. 13, 1706 ;" also 
"Anne Play m. William lugs by Benjamin Colman, Sept. 23, 1714." 

Was not this latter widoiv of the above William Play, conse- 
quently Anne Adams by birth ? For I find in Bridgman's King's 
Chapel Memorial, page 217, that "Dr. Barnabas Binney was son 
of Capt. Barnabas Binney .... and wife Avis, daughter of Wil- 
liam Engs, Boston," probably named Avis for her grandmother 

^ An article on the ** Descendants of Matthew Adams," by the late Hon. Timothy 
Farrar, LL.D., is printed in the Register, vol. x. p. 89.— Ed. 



18 A. Yanhee Privateer smart in Prison. [Jan. 

Avis Adams. Capt. Binney left tlirec cliildren : Avis, the second 
wife of Nicholas Brown, of Providence (see Beckwith's Brown Gen- 
ealogy, page G) ; Anne (probably named for her grandmother 
Anne), who married Samuel Anthony of Providence, R. I. ; and 
Dr. Barnabas, who married ^Nlary, daughter of Henry AVoodrow of 
New Jersey. 

In the City Hall records of deaths I also found : 

"John Adams (Maltster) died Nov. 2^ 1702." ' 

May not this be the husband of Avis, who died in Charleston, 
1699, and also the John, son of Alexander, mentioned in Savage 
(vol. i. p. 8), as born Feb. 26, 1652? Another John Adams, son 
of the first Henry, born near the same time, namely, July 14, 
1652 (^Savage, i. 10), may have been her husband, but this is not 
60 probable. Little is known of the latter John Adams. He 
is supposed to have returned to England ( Thayer Memorial^ p. 37) . 

Alexander Adams of Boston, a shipwright, Ar. Co. 1652, mar- 
ried, it is said, Mary Coffin, sister of Tristram, first of Nantucket, 
daughter of Peter Coffin of Boston, near Plymouth, co. Devon. 
She came in 1642 with her mother Joanna and brother Tristram to 
New England. Joanna died in 1661, 03. 77. Alexander died Jan. 
15, 1677, ai. Q2. The children of Alexander and Mary were : 

Mary, b. Jan. 19, lG4o-6 ; Susanna, b. May 14, 1 G48 ; John, b. Feb. 26, 
1652 (Boston City Hall records); Samuel, b. May 7, 1656; Susanna, b. 
Feb. 21, 1658; Elizabeth, b. Oct. 1, 1660. 

Cambridge^ Mass, C. B. E. 



A YANKEE PRIVATEERSMAN IN PRISON IN ENGLAND, 

1777-1779. 

Communicated by "William Richard Cutter, of Lexington, Mass., with Notes. 
(Continued from vol. xxx. page 352.) 

[1778, May.] Saturday, 16th. This day Mr. Duckett and Mr. John 
Temple^ came here to see us, and told us he was goinc; to America, and 
would deliver any letters we should send by him. The same day Mr. 
Lashire^ being a little in liquor, struck the doctor and cook, and was by the 
Agent's orders put into the Black Hole. 

Sunday, 17tli. Rainy weather. Mr. Manning and Leger remain in the 
Black Hole ; nothing new this day. 

Monday, 18th. Clear weather. There have been various accounts 

^ Mr. John Temple — perhaps Sir John Temple, the well known son of Rol)crt Temple, 
Esq., of Ten Hills, Mass., cii^^litli baronet, and also a baronet of Nova Scotia. — Vide wliit- 
more's Pedigree of the Temple Family, ante x. 73-7; Blood's Hist. Temple, X. II., See. 

^ " Lasliire," iii ori^dnal — LejTer, un(loul)te(lly is meant, Edwanl Lcircr, lieutenant, of tho 
Hornet, iK'lonj^nn^' to Maryland — see Roll and List of Oniecrs appended — ecMimiitted to 
Forton Prison, Oct. 13, 1777. For further mentitni of his eonlinenient in Hlaek Hole, sec 
entries oi' Journal, for May 17, and June 7, 177.S. Mr. " Lagear" cllccted his escape from 
prison, July 23, 1778— entry in Journal, for July 2t, 1778. 



1877.] A Yankee Privateersman in Prison, 19 

about Biirgoyne's army being enlisted into our service ; but now the Gene- 
ral has come himself he has contradicted all, &c. 

Tuesday, 19th. This day we had a man die in the hospital, about eight 
o'clock in the morning.* Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and paid us 
our money. Mr. Manning carried very bad into the hospital, out of the 
Black Hole. 

Friday, 2 2d. There has been nothing remarkable this some time past. 
We are in some hopes that some of us will go home when General Bur- 
goyne goes for America ;^ but how that will be, we know not. Fine weather. 

May 23d. We have a particular account of the killed and wounded, and 
taken prisoners, since the war first began, belonging to the British services 
now under General Howe : 

killed. wounded. prisoners. 

3894 11023 10046 Total, 29—960 

Clear and moderate weather. From London Gazette? 

Sunday, 24th. Moderate weather. This evening about ten o'clock there 
was a hole found out in the officers' apartment ; which the drum was order- 
ed to beat to arms, when all Portsmouth and Gosport were in an uproar. 
Five pounders a plenty to be seen, expecting us out. 

Monday, 25th. Nothing remarkable this day, but weather very fine. 

Tuesday, 26th. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett, Esq., came and paid us 
our money ; no news about us. 

Wednesday, 27th. Clear weather. Last night John Crow^ made his 
escape through the necessary, and got off clear. He was boatswain of the 
Oliver Cromwell, privateer. 

Thursday, 28th. Mr. Wrenn came up here and told us that the French 
had laid siege to Gibraltar,^ &c. ; no more at present. 

Friday, 2yth. Nothing remarkable this day. 

Saturday, 30th. This day all the officers are put upon half allowance 
till they tell who made the hole. Likewise the militia came to do duty 
over us, in the room of the oldfogues [fogies?]* 

Sunday, 31st. This day very fine. All the officers continue to be on 
half allowance ; and now we all begin to grow uneasy of our exchange. 

Monday, June 1st. We have the news of a large fleet that's sailed 
from France for America ; likewise a large fleet from Spithead, to insult 
them if they should come across them. But I am afraid they came off by 
the lee.^ 

Tuesday, 2d. This day Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and paid us 
our money, and he likewise says there is a ship arrived at Spithead from 
America, which brings an account of General Howe's troops laying their 

^ Congress consented to Burgoyne's return to England in the spring of 1778, on condition 
that he would return to America, and abide the fate of the rest of the army, should their 
embarkation continue to be prevented. 

2 These figures are transcribed as given in the original of the Journal. We have as yQt 
been unal)le to contrast them with the prior authority. 

^ John Crow, boatswain of the Oliver Cromwell, privateer — name not mentioned in Roll. 

* See note to Journal, entry for April 30, 1778. 

5 British garrisons were augmented by companies of invalids, in 1777 — vide Town and 
Country Magazine, for that year, page 331 — and Forton Prison was guarded probably by 
troops of that character, as every available able-bodied man was then needed at the front, 
or for service in the navy. In Franklin's description of Portsmouth, Eng., in 1726, he stat- 
ed the garrison to be ''ten thonsand in war time ;" at present "about one hundred inva- 
lids," &c. Ten or twelve old invalid marines, who were unfit for active service, formed a 
part of the guard of the Jersey prison-ship. — Fox's Adventures, p. 114. 

6 The French fleet for America, was that of D'Estaing, which sailed from Toulon, Apr. 
\Z— Gentleman's Mag. for 1778, p. 237— and appeared off the Delaware, July 5, 1778. 



20 A Yankee Privateersman in Prison, [Jan. 

arms ;* likewise an embargo is laid on all vessels and boats from and to this 
harbor. 

Wednesday, 3d. We expect a number of French prisoners here every 
day. Every building is fitting up for that purpose. Nothing new. 

Thursday, 4th. Clear weather, and out of all hopes of going home. 

Friday, 5tli. This day our clothes were mustered to see what we stood 
in need of. Likewise we have the news of some of our Continental frig- 
ates being taken, and one blown up.'' 

Saturday, Gth. This day Mr. Manning came out of the hospital, and is 
released from the Black Hole.^ 

Sunday, 7th. Fine weather. This day Mr. Leger came out of the 
Black Hole.'* The newspapers give us an account of great riots and mobs 
throughout England. The militia are laying down their arms in several 
parts here. Likewise the papers give us an account of an exchange of 
English prisoners, in France, for us here in England, and that the cartel 
was certainly settled. 

Monday, 8th. It is reported here that General Howe has arrived here 
in England, and has brought some disagreeable news ; and that the troops 
had laid down their arms, on account of the terms offered by How^e, was 
not received. Out of all hopes. 

Tuesday, 9 th. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and paid us our 
money. It is contradicted to day of General Howe's arriving, but is on 
his passage for England. Nothing more at present. 

Wednesday, 10th. Fine weather. There have been a number of prison- 
ers been expected here from on board the guard ship at Spithead ; but they 
are stopped ; some say, till we are gone. But when that will be I can't tell. 

Thursday, 11th. Clear weather, but no news. 

Friday, 12th. Fine weather. Great talks of our beino^ exchanojed. 

Saturday, 13th. Clear weather and little news. Our officers sent out 
to get some beer, and after the beer came the officer of the guard said it 
should not be sent in ; at which Captain Murphy sent him a letter, telling 
him he would be glad of the money or beer ; but on refusing, there was a 
very insulting letter sent him, which he made a handle of, and the matter 
was laid before the commanding officer of the militia, which made great 
disturbance. No news at present. 

Sunday, 14th. Being clear weather and no news, but a disturbance aris- 
ing concerning the letter sent the officer. 

Monday, 15th. Fine weather. Two of our officers, Capt. Murphy and 
Capt. Chew, were examined by the Agent concerning the letter, and were 
ordered to be locked up at six o'clock, and all the rest of the officers ; and 
by their making of it known, we were allowed to stay out the usual time. 
In great expectation of being released soon. No more this day. 

Tuesday, IGth. This day very fine. Mr. Wrenn and I\Ir. Duckett came 
to pay the men their money, when all of them were ordered to bring their 
coats, and those that had coats received their money, and those that had not 
had none. Great confusion concerning the letter to the officer. Nothing 
new concerning us, &c. 

Wednesday, 17th. Cloudy weather. Nothing wanting, but everything 

but till) oiPicers being locked up at six o'clock, and the men out till the usual 

hours. No news about us. 

[To be contiuued.] 

^ Sec entry for June 8, followinir, iS:c. 

* Tlie Randolph American IVi^^ato, on a cruise from Cliarlcston, was blown up dnrin<? an 
cngaj^cnient with the Yarmouth, G4, Marcli 7, MIS.— Vide IlEOiSTiiii, xxiv. 301, 305, note. 

^ See note to Journal, entry for Mar. 7, 1778. 

* Sue note to Journal, entry for May 10, 1778. 



1877.] JVotes on American History, 21 



NOTES ON AMERICAN HISTOKY. 

By the Rev. Edward D. Neill, President of Macalester College, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

[Continued from vol. xxx. page 418.] 

No. XIII. 
The Virginia Lotteries. 

A FRIEND of Sir Dudley Carleton, on February 12, 1612, wrote, 
" There is a lottery in hand for furtherin<2^ the Virginia voy- 
age, and an under company erecting for the trade of the Bermudas, 
which have chano^ed their name twice within this month, being: first 
christened Virginiola, but now Lately resolved to be called the Sum- 
mer Islands, as well in respect of the continued temperate air, as in 
remembrance of Sir George Summers that died there." 

Howes the Chronicler alludes to the lottery in these words : 
" The King's Majesty, in special favour for the present plantation of 
English colonies in Virginia, granted a liberal lottery in which was 
contained five thousand pound in prizes certain, besides rewards of 
casualty, and began to be drawn in a new built house at the West 
End of Paul's, the 29th of June 1612. Out of w^hich lottery, for 
want of filling up the number of lots, there were then taken out 
and thrown away three score thousand blanks, without abating any 
one prize, and by the 20th of July all was drawn and finished. This 
lottery was so plainly carried and honestly performed, that it gave 
full satisfaction to all persons. Thomas Sharplisse, a ttiilor of 
London, had the chief prize, viz., 4000 crowns in fair plate, which, 
was sent to his house in very stately manner." 

Herbert states that the Grocer's Company ventured £62 15s., and 
won a silver salt and cover valued at £13 10s. Aubrey writes that 
the father of Ogilby, the author, at this period was in prison for 
debt, and borrowing some money of his son, purchased a ticket 
which drew a prize, enabling him to extricate himself from his 
debtors. 

Early in June, 1616, Sir Thomas Dale arrived in London with 
Pocahontas, and collections were directed in the dioceses of Eng- 
land for a church and college in Virginia, and a lottery was granted 
for the general benefit of the plantation. The following, from the 
leaders of the Virginia Company, is among the records of the city 
of Salisbury : 

"Whereas the Royal, most excellent Majesty, under his great seal of Eng- 
land, authorizes the Virginia Company for the setting up of a lottery for 
the benefit of that Plantation. 

We by virtue of said grant do earnestly pray and desire you M^ Mayor, 
M"" Recorder, and the Aldermen of the City your brethren to be assistants- 

VOL. XXXI. 3 



22 



JSToies on American History. 



[Jan. 



to onr deputies Gabriel Barber and Lott Peere being also members of our 
Company, to whom, for the approved trial which we have of their care and 
sufficiency, we have committed the management of a running lottery to be 
kept in that, your City of Salisbury, requesting so much more earnestly, 
your fiirtlierance therein, for that it is for so good a work as the upholding 
of that Plantation which we have now great hope and greater than before, 
shall stand and flourish to the honor and benefit of the realm. 

And although we are well satisfied of these men's integrity, and have 
already given them an oath for their just and true dealing in this employ- 
ment, with all men, yet to satisfy you and the world in the most exact man- 
ner that may, we desire you to receive the key here enclosed, of the prizes 
and to see them mingling of them with the blanks, and appoint one or two 
of your City, men of care to lock up and open the same every morning and 
evening, and permit a child who shall be allowed for his pains, to draw out 
the lots for all that adventure, as shall those we employ not be suspected 
of popularity who shall only [)ay out those prizes that shall be drawn, and 
yourselves be encouraged if they shall so desire to give them your testi- 
mony of the said proceedings. 

In so doing both ourselves shall have great cause to thank you, and the 
Plantation to acknowledge your love and kindness towards the same. 

And so we bid you very hearty farewell. 

From London, 19'^ of December, 1616. 



E. Sheffield 
Pembroke 
H. Southampton 
Will. Paget 
Thomas Cavendish 
Thomas Smyth 



Jo. Danvers 
Edwin Sandys 
Dudley Digges 
John Wrothe 
Richard Martyn 
Jo. Wolstejs^ holme 



No. XIY. 
YiiiGiNiA Slaveholders, February , 1625. 

Owner. Place. 

Capt. W. Peirce, Jamestown, 

Sir George Yeardley, " 



Rich'd Kingswell, 
Abraham Piersey, 
Edward Bennett, 



Negro. 

j Angelo, woman, in 1619, from ship 
I " Treasure." 
Five men. 
Three women. 
Edward. 
Four men. 

Antonio, arrived in "James," 1621. 
Mary, " " " 

Capt. Francis West, Elizabeth City, John Pedro, a. 30, in " Susan," 1623. 
Capt. Wm. Tucker, " " Antony. 

" " " " " Isabel his wife. 

William their child, baptized. 

Total of " Negors," 20. 



Wariscoyak, 



1877.] Hollis, JSr. H.i in the War of the Revolution, 23 



HOLLIS, NEW HAMPSHIRE, IN THE WAR OF THE 

REVOLUTION. 

By the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester, A.M., of Nashua, N. H. 
[Continued from vol. xxx. page 298.] 

NUMBER OF HOLLIS SOLDIERS THE SECOND YEAR OF THE WAR. 

N the year 1776, the seat of the war was removed from the 
vicinity of Boston to Canada and the state of New- York. But 
few of the regimental or company rolls of the troops furnished by 
New-Hampshire the second year of the war are now known to exist, 
or if still in existence, some of the most interesting and important 
of them, supposed to be in the office of the Secretary of State at 
Washington, by the inhospitable rules of that office are not accessi- 
ble to the historical inquirer. I liave consequently, in these re- 
searches, been obliged to rely mainly upon the town records and 
documents for the names, number, terms of service and wages of 
the Hollis soldiers in that year. 

It appears from these documents that four Hollis soldiers enlisted 
in the detachment of troops under Gen. Arnold, who with so much 
privation and suffering made their way through the forests to Que- 
bec by the way of the Kennebec River, in the winter of 1775-6. 
Minot Farmer, one of these Hollis soldiers, who had been a ser- 
geant in the Hollis company at Bunker Hill, was taken prisoner in 
the assault on Quebec, and died in captivity. 

In the year 1776, and afterwards, till near the close of the war, 
New Hampshire furnished three battalions of regular troops, known 
as the first, second and third N. H. Continental regiments, com- 
manded severally by Colonels Cilley, Hale and Scammel. Dr. 
John Hale, and his son-in-law Jonathan Poole, were respectively 
suroeon and assistant-surgeon of the first N. H. regiment, from 
177 () to 1780. The private soldiers in these regiments w^ere at first 
enlisted for a single year. Besides the surgeon and his assistant, 
Hollis furnished to these regiments 21 men, including officers, a 
part of whom enlisted in the first New Hampshire under Col. Cil- 
ley, the rest in the third under Col. Scammel. The history and 
doings of these regiments, and of their gallant colonels, are too 
familiar to our readers to need or permit comment here. The 
private soldiers from Hollis in these regiments were paid, by the 
town, £24 each for the year's service, or £2 per month. 

About the middle of July, 1776, a regiment of N. H. Volun- 
teers was enlisted to reenforce the army in Canada, and placed un- 
der the command of Col. Joshua Wingate. In the third company of 
this regiment, of which Daniel Emerson, Jr., of Hollis was captain, 
were 25 Hollis soldiers, supposed to have been in service for six 
months, and who were paid by the town £12 each, or at the rate 



24 IlolUsy JSF. 11.^ ill the War of the Revolution. [Jan. 

of £2 per month. In consequence of the successful retreat of the 
continental troops from Canada, this regiment went no farther north 
than Ticon(h'ro(>a. 

Afterwards, in the month of August of tliis year, the N. 11. Com- 
mittee of Safety ordered that a small regiment of New Hampshire 
troops, under the connnand of Col. Pierce Ivong, then stationed at 
Newcastle, should he recruited and its ranks filled. Near the last 
of 1776 this regiment was ordered to New York to the defence of 
Ticonderoga. In its third company, connnandcd hy Capt. Timothy 
Clements, were 12 Ilollis soldiers, who were paid by the town £12 
each, and supposed to have served six months. 

Near the last of Septeml^er, 1776, another regiment of N. H. 
Volunteers was enlisted, commanded by Col. Nahum Baldwin, to 
reenforce the continental army then at White Plains. In the sec- 
ond company of this regiment, under Capt. AVilliam Peed, were 
21 Ilollis soldiers. They were paid by the town £5 7s. each. It 
does not appear how long they were in the service, but probably 
some less than three months. 

In December of this year, another New Hampshire regiment was 
raised to reenforce the army in New York, commanded by Col. 
David Oilman. In the second company of this regiment, com- 
manded by Capt. William AValker, were 14 Ilollis soldiers, sup- 
posed to have been in the service two months, and who were paid 
£4 each by the town. 

In addition to the foregoing lists, it appears from the report made 
by the selectmen of HoUis to the legislature after the war, that 4 
other Hollis soldiers served for some months in the garrison near 
Portsmouth, and were paid £4 10s. each. 

It appears from the foregoing data, that in 1776 Hollis furnished 
soldiers for the army as follows : 

For Arnold's Expedition to Canada ... 4 
In tlie 1st and ^^d N. II. Continental Rcijiments . 23 
In the Regiment of Col. Winijate . . .25 

In Col. Long's Regiment . . . . .12 

In Col. Baldwin's " 21 

In Col. Oilman's " 14 

Garrisons at Portsmouth ..... 4 



INIaking in all the second year of the war, 1U3 or nearly 

•one in twelve of the whole population of the town. 

HOLLIS IN 1777, TIIIKD yp:AR OF THE WAR. 

From the town records : 

"Annual Town Meeting, March 3, 1777. 

" Voted and chose for Committee of Safety, Capt. Noah Worcester, En- 
sign Stephen Ames, Cipt. Daniel Kenchiek, Oliver Lawrenee and Jacob 
Jewett. Also 

" Voted, That we will stand l)y the Committee of Safety and defend 
them, and do all we can to assist them in the cause of liberty." 



1877.] Hollis, JSF. H., in the War of the Revolution, 25 



THE HOLLIS QUOTA OF CONTINENTAL SOLDIERS. 

Under the acts of Congress reorganizing the continental army for 
1777 and the years following, New Hampshire was required to fur- 
nish three regiments of regular troops to serve for three years or 
during the war. The number of men to be furnished by the several 
towns in the state was allotted to the respective regiments of the 
state militia in proportion to the number of the enrolled militia in 
each town. The number required of each town was called the 
town's "quota," and it was made the duty of the town to keep its 
quota constantly filled. In this apportionment the number of conti- 
nental soldiers set to Hollis was thirty ; and this number continued 
to be the Hollis quota till near the end of the war. It is shown by 
the " Keturn " of Col. Moses Nichols, the commander of the regiment 
of militia to which Hollis was attached, made early in 1777, that the 
30 soldiers allotted to Hollis were enlisted in the spring of that year, 
20 of whom enlisted for three years, and the remaining 10 for eight 
months. Twenty of them were enlisted in the first N. H. regiment, 
under Col. Cilley ; the rest, with one exception, in that of Col. 
Scammell. 

From the town records : 

" Special Town Meeting, April 2, 1777." 

" The Holies Quota for the Continental ArmyT 

" Voted To give each man that shall enlist for three years or during the 
war to make out our Quota of thirty men, £46, including the Continental 
and states Bounty." 

" Voted To raise the money for the soldiers by Tax." 

" Voted That the Selectmen shall give security to each man that enlists 
for the sum that is to be paid him by the Town." 

It appears from the "Great Eeturn " before referred to, made 
by the selectmen to the legislature after the war, that each of these 
men was paid £20 by the town, making in ail £600. 



PATRIOTIC PLEDGES OF HOLLIS MINUTE MEN. 

The original paper, dated May 15, 1777, of which a copy is pre- 
sented below, is in the hand-writing of its first signer, Capt. Reuben 
Dow, of the Hollis company at Bunker Hill. There are appended 
to it the autograph signatures of 47 Hollis " Minute Men." At 
the time it was written. Gen. Burgoyne, with his Hessian, tory and 
Indian allies was on his march from Canada to Ticonderoira, and a 
formidable British fleet was menacing; the coasts of New England. 
The document merits a place in this narrative as expressive of the 
fearful dangers to the country, then imminent, and also as a memento 
of the dauntless courage and patriotic devotion of its signers. 

VOL. XXXI. 3* 



^ 



26 Ilollts, JV. 11.^ in the War of the RevohUion. [Jan. 

" Holies, May 15, 1777. 
" Whereas it appears tliat the enemies of the United States of America 
are laying Every Plan in their Power to ruin and destroy us, and it being 
hourly expected that a fleet and army will arrive in some part of our coasts 
in order to i)roseeute their wicked purposes, and we apprehend it to be the 
duty of all the Inhabitants of these states to be in the greatest readiness 
and })reparation to exert themselves in the Defence of this Country in this 
time of Danger ; Wherefore we whose names are hereunto subscribed do 
promise and engage to e(piip ourselves immediately with arms, ammunition, 
t<:c., and be ready at a minute's warning by night or by day to go to and 
assist our Brethren wherever they may be attacked ; and upon an alarm, 
we will immediately a])pear on the Parade at the Meeting House in 
Holies, and be under the command of such officer or officers as we may 
choose ourselves, or the major part of us, and that each of us will be pro- 
vided with a good horse in order that we may the sooner get to the place 
attacked." 

THE ALARM OF BURGOYNE'S INVASION. 

Near the last of June of this year, on the receipt of the news of 
the advance of Gen. Burgoyne upon Ticonderoga, a company was 
enlisted at Ilollis, commanded by Capt. Daniel Emerson, to aid in 
the defence of that place, in which there were 50 Hollis " Minute 
Men." This company, after a rapid march to Walpole, N. H., 
sixty-five miles, upon the receipt of some false reports from Ticon- 
deroga, was ordered to return to Ilollis, where it arrived on the 
4th of July. The next day the company had orders to march a 
second time for Ticonderoga, and having reached Cavendish, Vt., 
one hundred miles, upon hearing of the capture of Ticonderoga, had 
orders a second time to return home, and was disbanded on reach- 
ing Hollis. The wages of these men, for the time they were ab- 
sent, were 3s. per daj^, and 5d. per mile for travel. 

HOLLIS SOLDIERS AT THE BATTLE OF BENNINGTON. 

After the return home of the Hollis company under Capt. Em- 
erson, a second company was immediately organized, mostly of 
Hollis men, of which John Goss was captain and David Walling- 
ford was lieutenant, both of Hollis. It appears from the return of 
Col. Nichols, and Hollis revolutionary documents, that inclusive of 
officers there were 31) Hollis soldiers in this company. Tiie regi- 
ment to which the company was attaclicd was commanded by Col. 
Nichols, and belonged to the brigade of New IIamj)shire troops 
under Gen. Stark, raised by the state to reiinforce the northern 
army after the capture of Ticonderoga. The company marched 
for its destination on the 20th of July, and was discharged on the 
2Dth of September, having been in the service two months and nine 
days. Thirty-four of the men were paid by the town £7 each, 
making £238. This company was in the battle of IJennington, 
fought Aug. If), 1777. 'J\v() Hollis soldiers also served in the 
garrison at Portsmouth for a part of this year. 



1877.] Hollis, iV". H., in the War of the Revolution, 27 

Nine of the men in Capt. Emerson's company afterwards enlisted 
in that of Capt. Goss. Making the proper deduction of that num- 
ber, it will appear that Hollis in 1777, for a part or the whole of 
that year, furnished 112 different soldiers — a number nearly equal 
to one in eleven of its population. 

1778. RECRUITS FOR THE CONTINENTAL QUOTA. 

In January, 1778, ten men were lacking to fill the Hollis conti- 
nental quota, owing to the expiration of the time of service of those 
who had enlisted for eight months the year previous. At a special 
town meeting, held on the 19th of January of that year, to supply 
this deficiency, as appears by the record of it, it was " Voted ^ That 
the Militia OflScers, Selectmen and Committee of Safety agree with 
the Men to supply the place of our Eight-Months Men as cheap as 
they can, and give the security of the town for their service in the 
Continental Army." One of these recruits enlisted in a Massachu- 
setts regiment ; the remaining nine in the first N. H. regiment, for 
two years, and each of the nine was paid by the town, severally, 
from £42 6s. 8d. to £50. 

At the annual meeting of the town in March, of this year, Capt. 
Noali Worcester was again chosen chairman of the Committee of 
Safety, and the town " Voted, That the Selectmen take care of the 
Continental Soldiers families if they stand in need." 

At a special town meeting on the 6th of April, 1778, " Voted, 
To raise £830 to be levied by tax to pay the charges of our ten 
Continental Men." 

In June of this year three Hollis soldiers enlisted in Capt. Eze- 
kiel Worthen's company, in a regiment commanded by Col. Pea- 
body, raised by the state for the defence of Rhode Island. These 
men were in the service near seven months, and were severally paid 
£6 by the town." 

THE HOLLIS COMPANY TO RHODE ISLAND IN 1778. 

About midsummer of this year the state raised a brigade of troops 
for the defence of Rhode Island, commanded by Brig.-Gren. Whip- 
ple. The first company of the regiment of Col. Nichols, belonging 
to this brigade, was enlisted in Hollis. As appears by the returns 
of Col. Nichols, now at Concord, this company, inclusive of offi- 
cers, all from Hollis, consisted of 43 men, and was commanded by 
Capt. Daniel Emerson. The men were in the service, as shown by 
the returns, from the 6th to the 28th of August, and 42 of them 
were paid by the town £1 3s. each. It is supposed that the men 
of this company were all mounted, as it appears from Col. Nichols's 
report that they were allowed pay for the service of 43 horses at 
£10 for each horse. 

It will appear from the foregoing data, that including the town's 
quota of 30 continental soldiers, Hollis, in 1778, had 76 men in 
the service for the whole or a part of that year. 

[To be continued.] 



y^ ft< 





(9' 

^^^Uu^ ^^f-^ -n^U'^ - i^^-*-"^ 

^..::? -/Iv'^ T"^^: ^l1^^ -zJc.^//- ^^2-^ 





1877.] The Star-Spangled Banner. 29 



I 



THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER. 

Autograph Copies, Additional Verses, &c. 

Communicated^by Rear-Admiral Geo. Henry Preble, XJ.S.N. 

N my paper on the Star-Spangled Banner, published in the Reg- 
ister for January, 1874 {ante, xxxviii. 40), I say a fac-simile 
of a MS. of the song, published in "Autograph Leaves of our 
Country's Authors," in 1864, was from a copy in the possession of 
the author's daughter, Mrs. Howard, of Baltimore. Subsequently 
to that publication, under date of April 25, 1874, Mrs. Howard 
wrote me : 

" I do not think I ever had an autograph of the Star-Spangled Banner. 
My father gave his children, from the time they could speak, the habit of 
committing poetry to memory, and in that way only has the song been pre- 
served to me. Except in one or two words, Mr. Keim's version, as you 
have it, is the one I have ever remembered." 

Henry May Keim, Esq., of Reading, Pa., after reading my paper, 
under date of Jan. 8, 1874, wrote me : 

" You say a fac-simile of Mrs. Howard's copy of the Star-Spangled Ban- 
ner was made for the Baltimore Sanitary Fair in 1864. A fac-simile oi my 
copy was made for the benefit of the same fair in 1864, and I was under 
the impression it was the only one. I have searched diligently for the 
correspondence I had with my cousin Brantz Mayer, who, with Mr. Ken- 
nedy, took a great interest in the fair, relative to the matter, but cannot 
find it." 

Thus w^e are certain there are in existence at least three autograph 
copies of the song, viz. : 1st, the copy presented to James Mahar, 
and dated June 7, 1842, printed in the National Intelligencer and in 
my "History of our Flag ; " 2d, the copy presented and addressed to 
Gren. Geo. Keim in 1842, now in the possession of his son, and 
which was printed in the Register for January, 1874 ; and 3d, 
the copy dated Oct. 21, 1840, a fac-simile of which illustrates 
this article. It was first published in fac-simile in the American His- 
torical and Literary Curiosities (plate Iv.) by John Jay Smith, who 
stated the original was in the possession of Louis J. Cist. This 
copy differs from Mr. Keim's only in the first line of the last stanza, 
which reads, '^ And where is that host,'' instead of "Where are 
the foes," as in the later autographs. 

A San Francisco paper says that the only original likeness of 
Francis Scott Key is in the possession of his sister, Mrs. Turner, a 
resident of that city, and that a life-sized bust has been made from it 
in plaster, which is said to be a very successful piece of work. I 
have a letter from Mrs. Turner's daughter, in which she says her 



30 The 8tar-Spangled Banner. [Jan. 

mother believes her portrjiit to be the only likeness of her father 
from life extant. I have, however, seen a youthful portrait of him 
in Col. Putting's National ^Museum in Independence Hall, said to 
be an oriuinal. 

I learn from a recent newspaper that Samuel Sands, the printer 
boy who first |)ut the song in type for tlie columns of the Baltimore 
American, is still living in a green old age. 

A recent letter addressed by Mrs. Caroline Purdy, of Baltimore, 
to Mrs. Ap})leton, daughter of Col. Armistead, furnishes us with 
the names of the makers of the flag which ins[)ired Key's song. Mrs. 
Purdy says : 

" I take the liberty of sending you a few particulars about the flag [Fort 
McIIenry]. It was made by my mother. Mrs. Mary Pickersgill, and I 
assisted her. My graiuhnothcr, Rebecca Young, made the first flag of the 
Revolution under Gen. Washington's directions, and for this reason my mo- 
ther was selected by Commodore Barney and General Striker (family con- 
nections) to make this star-spangled banner, which she did, being an exceed- 
ingly patriotic woman. The flag being so very large, my motljer was oblig- 
ed to obtain permission from tlie proprietor of ' Claggett's Brewery,' which 
was in our neighborhood, to spread it out in tlieir malt-house, and 1 remem- 
ber seeing my mother down on the floor placing the stars. After the com- 
pletion of the flag, she su()erintended tlie topping [i. e. heading] of it, hav- 
ing it fastened in the most secure manner, to prevent its being torn away 
by balls. The wisdom of her precaution was shown during the engagement, 
many shots piercing it, but it still remained firm to the staff. Your father, 
Col. Armistead, declared that no one but the maker of the flag should mend 
it, and requested that the rents should be bound arourid. The flag I think 
contained four hundred yards of bunting, and my mother worked many 
nigiits until 12 o'clock to complete it in a given time. I would recall my- 
self to your recollection as a manager of the Aged AVoman's Home, when 
you were here. I am widowed and childless, and now find myself in my 
seventy-sixth year in feeble health." 

The flag of Fort McIIenry was exhibited at the Centennial Exhi- 
bition in the Naval Department of the U. S. Govei'nnient Building. 

The song having been inspired by a special incident, is not suited 
to all times and occasions as a national song should be, and to sup- 
ply its deficiencies additional stanzas have from time to time been 
written. Notably among these is the following stanza written by 
Oliver AVcndell Ilohnes, at the request of a lady during our civil 
war, there being no verse alluding to treasonable attempts against 
the flag. 

" When our land is ilhnuined with liherty's smile, 
ICa fo(> [\\n\\ within strikes n hjow at her lilory, 
Down, down with the traitor that dares to detile 
The liaii; of her stars, and tlie pnsjje of her story ! 
Jiy the millions unchaia'd 
\\\\u our hirthriiiht have gained, 
W^e will keep her hrii^ht hlazon lorrver mistiiiiiod ; 
And the st:>r-si)anii;lcd haniier in triumjjh shall wave 
While tlie laml of tlu' free is tlie honu; of the hrave. 



1877.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 31 

Eminently appropriate to the present Centennial times and the 
spirit with which Great Britain has entered into them, are the fol- 
lowing stanzas, written fifty years ago, but w4iich are known to few 
of the present time. 

" Bat hush'd be that strain ! They our Foes are no longer ; 
Lo, Britain the right hand of Friendship extends, 
And Albion's fair Isle we behold with affection, 
The land of our Fathers — the land of our Friends ! 

Long, long may ye flourish, Columbia and Britain, 
In amity still may your children be found. 
And the Star-Spangled Banner and Red Cross together 
Wave free and triumphant the wide world around ! " 

Benjamin Rush, Esq., for whom they were written, and from 
whom I obtained them, writes me : 

" The circumstances under which these additional stanzas to the Star- 
Spangled Banner first came to my hand were briefly adverted to in the Pre- 
face to my edition of my fathers's book, entitled, ' Recollections of the Eng- 
lish and French Courts,' published in London in 1871, where I then was. 
The stanzas were also published ; but that need not interfere in the least 
with your desire to insert them in the second edition of your History 
of the Flag, wherein I should say they would appropriately come in. 
The name of the author by whom they were composed, was George 
Spowers, Esq., and this has never been published. I think it eminently due 
to him now that his name should be given to the public, considering not 
only the beauty but the admirable sentiments of the stanzas. He had seen 
in my hands a manuscript copy of the original song, and asked me to lend 
it to him, which 1 did. A day or two afterwards he returned it to me with 
these stanzas. I was quite a boy at the time, at school with my two bro- 
thers, at Hampstead, near London, while my father was residing in London 
as minister of the United States. It must have been about the year 1824." 



RECORD OF THE BOSTON COMMITTEE OF CORRES- 
PONDENCE, INSPECTION AND SAFETY, 
MAY TO NOVEMBER, 1776. 

Copied by permission of Samuel F. McCleary, Esq., City Clerk, from the original 
record-book in the archives of the City of Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xxx. page 444.] 

1776. 
July 21. [Page 21.] At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspond- 

ence, Inspection & Safety at the Council Chamber, July 21, 

M^ Wendall in the Chair — 
Numherof The Persons appointed to procure the Names of every Person 
Persons in jn their respective Ward, made return of their doings to this Com- 
fit to^bear mittee, whereby it appeared that there were [ ] Persons 
Arms. in the several Wards capable of bearing arms from 16 to 65 years 

of age. 
Maj' Bar- Maj"" Barber & Cap* Proctor appointed to order and form the 
ordei*^ several companys that may appear on the Common tomorrow, 
on y« Com- Voted, that in case a sufficient number of Men to answer the 
mon. requirement of the General Court, should not voluntarily inlist on 



32 Bosto7i Committee of Coi^respondence, (&c. [Jan. 

^"76. the morrow, tlie Coininitte(3 tlien draught from tlie several Wards 
Votes a's to ^^^^^^ Persons as they apprehend most suitable to make up such 
draughting deficiency. 

men. Voted, that the Roll be called over in the several Wards, which 

shall appear in the Common to morrow, at 1 1 O'clock, Forenoon. 
Voted, that CoU*^ Barber and Major Proctor be desired to form 
the Militia when mustered, into a hollow Square, or Circle, as 
they shall judge to be most pro})er, and when this is done that 
the Law for draughting a number of men be read, by M^ Cooper, 
who must then ac(piaint the several Wards of the number of men 
that appear, and that every twenty fifth man of them is to be In- 
listed, or in failure thereof to be drau<ihted at the discretion of the 
Committee, after which he is to address [Page 22] the Body, in 
order to encourage their turning out freely in defence of the 
Rights & Privileges of their country. 
J;;'^°^"'^^ Voted, that Major Reveire, Maj^ Barber, Cap* Proctor, Cap* 
draugh*. Pulling, M' Boyer & M'' Mourton be a Committee to prepare a 
List of suitable Persons to be draughted, in case of any failure in 
the Lilistment of the same to be Reported to this Committee. 

Voted, that this meeting be adjourned to to Morrow morning, 
8 o'clock. 
July 22<i. -^^^ -^^^^ ^^ suitable Persons to be draughted for the Service 

in case a suflScient number is not enlisted laid before the Com- 
mittee. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock in the afternoon of tomorrow. 
At a meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
& Safety, July 22^^, 3 o'clock, 
A draught The Body having agreable to their desire been dismissed from 
of men to ^he Common, and required to attend again at this time — Voted, 
that the Committee wait till 6. O'clock this Evening, and if the 
number required, being [ ] effective men, should not be enlisted, 
that the Committee immediately after adjourn to the Council 
Chamber, and then proceed to draught the number wanted out of 
the List reported by the Committee. 

Adjourned to tomorrow morning 9 o'clock in the Forenoon. 
July 23. Met according to adjournment, 9 o'clock A.M. The Commit- 

tee having made further enquiry [Page 23] with respect to the 
Comin** to Scotch Sea Men, M"" Gray, Cap* Mackay and ColP Barber were 
C(ninci?. aj)pointed a Sul) Committee to wait on M'' Bowdoin, President 
of the Council, and to lay the Evidences of the behavior of the 
Scotch Seamen before him. 

At a meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber, 

Cap* Proctor, a})pointed on the Committee to wait on the Presi- 
dent of the Hon^^*-" Board relative to the Scotch Seamen in the 
room of Ca[)* INIackay — 

Adjourned to tomorrow morning, 11 o'clock. 
24. Wednesday, Septem' [s/c] 24, 11 O'clock, A.M. Met accord- 

ing to Adjourmnent. 

Several Returns made of the Absentees on the late Muster Day 
laid before the Committee. 

Mr. Constable Thomas directed to call upon the gentlemen who 
lieaded the several Wards, on the late Muster Day, and to desire 
their attendance this Evening. 



1877.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 



33 



1776. 
July 24. 



25. 



26. 



Delinq'nts 
on y« Mus 
ter day 
Notified. 



29. 



Skinner 
attends. 



VOL. 



Adjourned to 6 O'clock this Evening. 

July '24. G O'clock, met according to adjournment. 

John Detten, agreeable to his desire, was furnished with a Cer- 
tificate signed by the chairman & clerk for his passing from hence 
to Philadelphia. 

Several Gentlemen who headed the Wards on the late Muster 
Day, attended, and laid the return of Delinquents before the 
Committee. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber, July 25, 

Voted, that it is the Opinion of this Committee, that Cap* Mc- 
Daniel, in a Vessel of M"" Connors, may be permitted to sail from 
hence without danger to this or the other States of America. 

Adjourned to the afternoon. 

[Page 24.] At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspond- 
ence, Inspection & Safety at the Council Chamber, July 25, 1776, 

The Committee attended to receive the Returns of the Absen- 
tees on the late Muster day, and to examine the same. 

Adjourned to tomorrow 11 O'clock in the Forenoon. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber, July 26, 

It appearing from one of the returns that Joseph Eustis & 
, Samuel Harris neglected appearing in the Common on the late 
muster of the militia of this Town, the following Order was issued^ 
Viz' 

To George Thomas, one of the Constables of the Town of 
Boston. 

You are required to Notify Joseph Eustis, Moses Carpenter 
and Samuel Harris, Mastmakers, that the Committee of Corres- 
pondence, Safety and Inspection for said Town will sit at the 
Council Chamber this Evening, 6 O' Clock, when said Persons 
may have opportunity to shew cause, if any they have, why they 
did not attend the muster of the Alarm & Training Band Lists, 
on Monday last, the 22*^ ins*, agreeable to a Resolve of the Great 
& General Court, and after due warning given them for that 
purpose. By order of the Committee of Correspondence, &c. 

Boston, July 26, 1776. John Brown, Chairman. 

Adjourned to 6 O'clock this Evening to meet at the Council 
Chamber. 

Fryday Evening, 6 O' Clock, afternoon. Met according to 
Adjournment. 

M"" P^ustis appeared & made excuse for not [Page 25] attending 
in the Common the late Muster Day — he was desired to attend 
again on Monday next, 11 O'Clock, when the Officers of his 
Ward, who complained, are to be present. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
& Safety, at the Council Chamber, July 29, A.M. 

The Committee being informed that M"" William Skinner, who 
lately went from this place to Hallifax, had returned from thence, 
M'" Constable Thomas was sent to him to require his attendance. 

M"" Skinner attended, and was examined as to the manner of 
his return, and what had been his conduct since he had resided at 
Hallifax. Adjourned to 4 O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

[To be continued.] 
XXXI. 4 



34 I^ew Hampshire in the Revolution, [Jan. 



SERVICES OF NEW irA:vrPSIITRE DURING THE 
HEROIC AGE OF THE REPUBLIC. 

A paper read before the New-Kiifrlanrl Historic, Genealofiical Society, Dec. 2, 1874, 
by Elias Haskkt Diniiiy, E^fj., of Bo.'-ton. 

ri'^HE Scotc]i who emigrated from the Province of Ulster to New 
JL Hampsliire and there planted the settlement of Nutficld, of which 
Londonderry formed a part, carried with them to America the same 
intre])idity which they and their ancestors had shown thirty years 
helbre at the siege of Londonderry and the battle of the Boyne. 
Their colony ])rospered. Their queen bees were busy and sent, 
out new swarms. They planted new towns in western New 
Iiam[)shire, Belfast in Maine, Londonderry in Nova Scotia, Holder- 
ness on the upper waters of the Merrimac, Peterborough, Dublin 
and other towns on the hills of Cheshire, and Hillsborough. 
Their sons were trained in the forests and in the long wars with 
the French and Indians. Among them was Rogers, the celebrated 
partizan, a man of herculean strength, who once drew a highway- 
man from his horse on Hounslow Heath through a carriage window, 
and took him prisoner into London. A brave man, but more loyal 
to the king he served than to his country. In the first third of the 
last century, and soon after this colony was planted, John Stark 
and George Reid were born there. Trained in the French wars, 
they were ready to take a prominent part in the Revolution. Each 
of them organized a company of minute men, and many of their 
soldiers had seen service on the borders of Canada, and some at 
Louisburs:. When the news of the battle of Lexinoton reached 
these hills, a large body of men marched at once to besiege Boston. 
Such was the reputation of Stark, that he raised fifteen companies 
for the first regiment, chiefly from the towns within the bend of the 
Merrimac, between Litchfield and Exeter. George Reid command- 
ed one of the companies, and at a later period became colonel of the 
regiment. Many of the troops thus raised were from the stock 
which settled Nutfield. A second regiment was raised bv Col. 
James Reed on the hills of Cheshire and Hillsborough, in })art from 
the same stock. Col. Poor raised a third regiment in another por- 
tion of the state, and Col. Sargent, who had removed from Glou- 
cester to the Granite State, raised four additional companies. 

New Hampshire had then but 75,000 inhabitants, and London- 
derry, with 2,500, was the second town in the state. The troops 
from New IIami)shire took their station near the eastern end of the 
army which wound its coils around Boston, from Chelsea through 
Cambridge to Roxbury. 

(Jol. Stark, with the first regiment, encamped at the Royall House 
in ^ledford, the estate of a loyalist who had lied to England, a large 



1877.] New Hampshire in the Revolution, 35 

brick mansion with fine gardens around it, in which I have often 
phiyed when a school-boy, and in which the box borders stood 
almost as high as my head. Col. James Reed, with his regiment, 
was stationed near Charlestown Neck, on the borders of the Ten- 
Hills Farm. Its owner, Temple, had also left for England as a loy- 
alist, and there he made large claims for groves cut down by rebel 
troops. Here too have I played in boyhood on the breastworks 
thrown up by our soldiers. 

On the 17th of June of the memorable year 1775, the re^- 
ments of Stark and Reed were thus encamped within an hour's 
march of the battle-field of Bunker Hill, and both took part in the 
battle. The histories of Bancroft and Frothingham, while they give 
us graphic sketches of the battle and some estimates of the numbers 
engaged in it from Massachusetts and Connecticut, give us no esti- 
mate of the number from New Hampshire, and we must deduce it 
from official records and reports, and other reliable evidence, to 
give her the prominence to which she is entitled. 

On the 15th of June, 1775, there were ten companies in Reed's 
regiment, and on their rolls 486 names. I can find no record of 
the number at that time in Stark's regiment, but Gen. Dearborn 
was in the battle and commanded a company in this regiment. He 
wrote a brief sketch of the fight for the Portfolio in 1817, and there- 
in assures us that it had thirteen companies. The companies in 
Reed's regiment averaged over 48 men, and by tlieir average Stark's 
must have contained 630 men. 

On the 3d of July following, Stark's, Reed's and Poor's regi- 
ments from New Hampshire report 1,560 names on their rolls, and 
1,200 men as fit for duty. This was after the loss of 93 men on 
the seventeenth by the regiments of Stark and Reed. From these 
data we may safely infer that on the morning of that day the effect- 
ive force of Stark and Reed was at least 900 men. 

Besides these men who marched to the battle-field of Bunker 
Hill before the fight began. New Hampshire had many sons in 
the regiment of Col. Prescott himself, who reached the field and 
toiled at the redoubt on the night before the battle. This regiment 
was raised in Pepperell, Groton, and other adjacent towns both of 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Worcester, the historian of 
Hollis, informs us that Pepperell and Groton, with Hollis, Rindge and 
Merrimac in New Hampshire, formed part of the old township of 
Dunstable, which was granted by Massachusetts, but subsequently 
divided by the line of New Hampshire when that was determined. 
These towns were settled by emigrants from the same district, and 
were in close affinity. Hollis bordered on Pepperell. Col. Prescott 
married the sister of Col. Hale, of Hollis. Capt. Dow, who command- 
ed a company in Hollis, was a neighbor of Col. Prescott, and the 
records of his company of 59 men show that he joined Prescott's 
regiment and marched with him to Bunker Hill, where he lost eight 



36 I^ew Hampshire in the Mevolution. [Jan. 

men killed and one mortally wounded, out of the 42 lost by 
the wliole re^^iment. Worcester also states that 17 men from Lon- 
donderry, 11 from jMerrimac, () from Brookline, and at least 16 
from other towns of New Hampshire besides Ilollis, were in Pres- 
cott's regiment, and lost two men killed in the battle of the 17th 
of June. After a close analysis of the evidence, we may con- 
clude that more than one hundred men from the Granite State 
marched with Prescott to the field, and if we add them to those who 
marched with Stark and Keed, we have a thousand men from New 
Hampshire present when the fight began, besides the four companies 
under Sargent, who were urgent to join their comrades but were 
held back by Gen. Ward, and did not reach Charlestown Neck until 
the redoubt was taken. I was led at first to suppose that New 
Ham[)shire had not more than nine hundred in the field, when the 
British advanced to the attack, out of fifteen hundred then on the 
ground ; but the evidence I have discovered and analyzed shows 
that when the British attacked there were less than five hundred of 
the original party of Prescott from Massachusetts and Connecticut, 
with twice that number from New Hampshire, ready to receive the 
foe. This evidence shows, however, that between four and five 
hundred volunteers, chiefly from Massachusetts, joined Prescott dur- 
ing the fight, and sufficed to replace those who fell during the con- 
flict or the retreat. Let us now follow Col. Prescott to the field. 

THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL. 

On the 16th of June a report reached the Council of War at 
Cambridge, that Gen. Gage was about to occupy the heights of 
Charlestown, and the council decided to anticipate his movement. 
Late in the evening of that day, Gen. Ward, the commander-in- 
chief, despatched Col. Prescott, of Massachusetts, with a thousand 
men to occupy Bunker Hill. In his detachment were included two 
hundred men from Connecticut and one hundred from New 
Hampshire. At a late hour this corps, preceded by its officers with 
dark lanterns, and followed by several wagons with tools for in- 
trenching, very quietly crossed Cliarlestown Neck. They took with 
them one day's rations and a very small supply of bullets and pow- 
der. On their way they passed Bunker Hill, and by some mistake 
of their engineer were led to Breed's Hill, forty feet below it, and 
in close proximity to Boston. The engineer marked out a redoubt 
eight rods square, and a short breastwork leading from the redoubt 
towards the ^Mystic, l^eyond it was a lane north-east from the 
redoubt and forty rods distant from it. At the dawn of day the re- 
doubt and breastwork were unfinished, but the troops had worked 
assiduously through the night ; the works already furnished some 
protection, and the men continued to toil upon them although 
assailed with shot and shell from batteries on the opposite shoie of 
Boston, and with missiles from cannon in ships of war and lioating 



1877.] jSfeiu Hampshire in the Revolution. 37 

batteries in Charles River. Shell were also thrown upon the sum- 
mit of Bunker Hill to prevent further intrenchments, and the cause- 
way across Charlestown Neck was enfiladed by cannon in float- 
ing batteries and in the Lively sloop of war, to keep back supplies 
and reinforcements. 

As the day advanced it became apparent that Gen. Gage designed 
to attack the new works. British troops were in rapid motion, and 
before noon a flotilla of boats and barges conveyed a large body of 
troojis to Moulton's Point in Charlestown, where they landed under 
the protection of several ships of war. At this time the troops of 
Prescott were exhausted by fatigue and hunger ; they had labored 
assiduously and been long under fire. At the call of Gen. Putnam 
for tools to fortify the eminence behind them, many left with the 
intrenching tools. Col. Prescott had sent out parties to protect his 
right flank ; he had also sent out a company of artillery and another 
of infantry to guard his left flank, and these had fallen back ; he then 
despatched Col. Knowlton with four lieutenants and one hundred 
and twenty men from Connecticut, to occupy a fence along the lane 
which led towards the Mystic, a low wall surmounted by two rails. 
Gathering the new-mown grass which lay in windrows before them, 
they suspended it from the fence and then carried the rails from the 
opposite side of the lane to the wall, and interwove the grass be- 
tween the two fences, thus rearino- a frail barrier a<]^ainst the bullets 
and bayonets of the foe. At this time, says Prescott in a letter to 
John Adams, "I had with me but one hundred and fifty men in the 
fort." But the enemy halted at the Point and sent back for more 
troops, thus losing the most favorable moment for the attack. Col. 
Prescott also, when the landing was accomplished, sent Maj. Brooks 
to Cambridge for reinforcements. Down to this moment Gen. 
Ward had sent no aid to Prescott ; doubtless he had expected that 
Gen. Gage would not attack his redoubt, or would land at Charles- 
town Neck and place his forces between it and the camp at Cam- 
bridge, and aim to brino- on a c^eneral enf>:a<2:ement. This he was 
anxious to avoid, as he had but five rounds of ammunition per man 
in his army. Gen. Gage was afterwards severely censured in Eng- 
land and recalled for not taking such a step, and Gen. Ward was 
uncertain what course to take until apprised of the landing at Moul- 
ton's Point. " xit this time," says Bancroft in his vivid sketch of 
the battle, " Prescott had remainin": with him but seven to eight 
hundred men, worn with toil, watching and hunger; his flanks were 
unprotected, and he saw no signs of reinforcements." We may in- 
fer from Prescott's letter that the historian's estimate of his forces 
is a high one, and must have included those who had fallen back 
under Putnam. Upon the arrival of iMaj, Brooks at Cambridge, 
Gen. Ward at once ordered several rei>iments to march to the re- 
lief of Prescott, and among them tlie regiments oF Stark and Reed, 
then close at hand. They were destitute of powder. It was too 

VOL. XXXI. 4* 



38 J^ew HawjJshire in the devolution, [Jan. 

valujible to be trusted to new levies until they went into action. 
Stark's troops inarched at once to their arsenal, and each man re- 
ceived a s[)arc Hint, iif'tecn bullets and a ^ill cu[) of powder for his 
flask or horn. Their fowling-pieces have few or no bayonets, and 
were of different calibres. A little time is lost in fittinir or exehanof- 
ing l)ullets, or in liannnering them down to suit their guns. By 
1, P.M., the regiment of Stark is on its march, and is joined on its 
way by that of Keed, and they bear to the weary men under Pres- 
cott the important accession of at least nine hundred hardy troops 
in homespun dresses, without a cartridge and with few bayonets, 
but witli S(nne cx[)criencc in war under popuhu* and veteran officers, 
and they arc fresh for the conflict. 

The Committee of Safety, Washingt(m, and the American histo- 
rian, all aii:ree that the whole force of ihe Americans eno:ao:ed in the 

'CD CD CD 

battle did not at any time exceed fifteen hundred men. Bancroft 
informs us " tliat the whole number of Americans on the irround 
who crossed the causeway seasonably to take part in the fight, ac- 
cording to the most solemn assurances of the officers who wei'e in 
the action, to the testimony of eye-witnesses and cotemporary in- 
quiries, and to the carefully considered judgment of Washington, 
did not exceed fifteen hundred." 

If they are right in their conclusions, and if records may be trust- 
ed, the two regiments under Stark and Reed, and the New Hamp- 
shire men under Prescott, whose strength w^e have given, must have 
formed two-thirds of the force in the conflict, and had there been 
any deficiency in their numbers, their energy, efficiency and fresh- 
ness would have counterbalanced it. 

Should it be urged that there were volunteers from Connecticut 
and Massachusetts under Little, Clark, Nixon and others, who 
reached tlie ground before the retreat, it may be replied tliat they 
did not more than replace those who fell in the combat. The his- 
tories of the battle give us estimates of the numbers from jNIassachu- 
setts and Connecticut under Prescott, and speak respectfully of the 
provincials, and in some places of the New Hampshire forces at the 
rail fence, but leave us to infer their numbers from their rolls and 
reports. AVhile I would not detract from the fame of Prescott, or 
those who fought under him, or from that of Putnam, Warren, Otis, 
Winthrop and Pomeroy, who volunteered their aid, I would bring 
out in bold relief the numbers, couraii'e and services of the sons of 
New Hampshire, who formed our main strength in this battle. The 
honor and the character of such men is dear to their descendants, 
and, in the language of Webster, "forms a part of the regalia of 
the republic." 

Before 2, P.M., Stark with his regiment reached the narrow cause- 
way which crossed Chai'lestown Neck, less than a mile from the rc- 
doi'l)!. His march and bearing on that day are thus described by 
Gen. Dearborn, onj of liis captains ; 



1877.] New Hampshir^e in the Revolution. 39 

"When we reached Charlestown Neck we found two regiments 
halted in consequence of a heavy enfilading fire across it of round, 
bar and chain shot from the Lively frigate, from floating batteries 
anchored in Charles river, and a floating battery lying in the river 
Mystic. Major McClary went forward and said to the commanders 
that if they did not intend to move on, he wished them to open and 
let our regiment pass. This was immediately done. My company 
being in front, I marched by the side of Col. Stark, who was mov- 
ing with a very deliberate pace. I suggested the propriety of quick- 
enins: the march of the ref!:iment, that it micrht sooner be relieved 
from the galling cross-fire of the enemy. With a look peculiar to" 
himself, he fixed his eyes upon me and observed, 'Dearborn, one 
fresh man in action is worth two fatigued ones,' and continued to 
advance in the same cool and collected manner." 

When Col. Stark reached the battle-field, he observed the British 
troops, now reinforced, were preparing to advance, and were mar- 
shalling a large body of light infantry and grenadiers to turn the 
left flank of the Americans. Col. Knowlton, with four lieuten- 
ants and his hundred and twenty men from Connecticut remaining 
with him, was posted at the south end of the grass fence. With 
his eagle eye Col. Stark saw at a glance the point of danger, and 
directed his men to extend the grass fence to the beach on the Mys- 
tic, and rear a stone wall across the beach to the water, taking 
stones from the beach and adjacent fences. He then placed his large 
force in three rows behind the fence and wall, directing the first rank 
with the best marksmen to fire, and the second and rear ranks to 
load rapidly as they knelt upon the ground ; then stepping in front 
of his line he planted a stake sixty yards in advance of his fence, 
and returnins: to his men told them he should shoot the first man 
who fired before the British passed the stake. 

The American troops were now posted ; Prescott in the redoubt, 
with flanking parties on the right and behind the breastwork ; 
Knowlton at the southerly end of the rail fence, with his men from 
Connecticut, with a slough in the open ground between him and the 
breastwork ; and Stark with two regiments extending from Knowl- 
ton's position to the water. 

Putnam, Pomeroy and Warren now cheer on the men to action. 
Prescott has tendered the command to his senior ofiftcers, but they 
prefer to serve as volunteers. At 3|, P.M., British reinforcements 
have landed, and Lord Howe has arrayed his men for the attack. 
He has placed on his right ten companies of light infantry, and ten 
of grenadiers, the elite of the British army, sustained by large bat- 
talions of the 51st and 5 2d rcf^iments to assail the ii:rass fence 
and wall and attempt to turn the left flank of the Americans. 
On his left he has placed three battalions of the 38th, 43d and 
47th regiments, with two battalions of marines. Between his 
wings are two batteries of artillery to assail the breastwork and 



40 New Hampshire in the Ilevolution. [Jan. 

fence as he advances, and he moves onward with at least 3,000 
men. Lord Howe, with liis brilliant staff around him, is in 
full uniform, and in white-silk stockings, as if for a ball, enters on 
the dance of death. Two British maps of the battle-field, drawn 
after the fight, have been preserved and published. One may be 
found in the Portfolio for 1817, corrected by Gen. Dearborn; the 
other appears in Frothingham's interesting history of the siege of 
Boston. One of these indicates not only the chief points and lines 
of defence, but also the position and name of each corps of the 
British troops. The British force now moves on through the tall 
grass, levelling or surmounting the fences as it proceeds — the gren- 
adiers and light infantry marching in single files twelve feet apart 
toward the fence and wall, the artillery advancing and thundering 
as it advances, while five battalions, moving more slowly, approach 
the fence, breastwork and redoubt, forming an oblique line. The best 
troops of England assail the Ncav Hampshire line, doubtless expect- 
ing those half-armed provincials in homespun clothes will fly before 
the nodding plumes and burnished arms of the light infantry, and be- 
fore the flashing bayonets and tall caps of the grenadiers ; but they 
remain behind their grass fence and wall as still as death, while the 
British deploy into line, and in their excitement fire a little over the 
heads of their foes, cutting the boughs of the apple trees behind them. 
They pass the stake planted by Stark, and then comes a fire so in- 
tense, so continuous, so well-directed, that officers and men go down 
before it, or after a brief struj^c^le recoil, leavinc^ half their line be- 
hind them. Again they rally, again they are met with a similar 
fire of musketry. Nearly every officer and every aid of Gen. Howe 
is either killed or wounded. Most of those brave grenadiers and 
light infantry have fallen before the grass fence and the stone wall. 
Stcirk and Keed havB lost but ninet3^-three men ; but in front of the 
company from Derryfield, under Capt. John JMoore, at the stone 
wall on the beach, ninety-six dead bodies of the foe are counted. In 
the memoir of Stark, published recently in New Hampshire by his 
grandson, it is stated that his forces were assailed by the Welsh 
Fusiieers, a crack re^^inient which had fouMit with distinction at 
Minden ; that they entered the field at Bunker Hill 700 strong, and 
the next morn but 83 answered to the roll-call. The Welsh Fusi- 
leers were the 23d regiment of the British line, the Prince of Wales' 
regiment ; at least two of its companies were present, and fought 
and fell in advance, as they were veteran troops, and probably 
Stark's men saw their badges and gave their name to the attacking 
force. Such was the havoc made by the marksmen that many of 
the companies lost all their men but four or five. Gen. (fage is 
8uj)posed to have underrated his losses at least a third, but in liis 
re])ort of the battle he sets the losses in twenty of the flank C()m})a- 
nies at four hundred and fifty men, and includes in his list the flank 
companies of the Welsh Fusileers. While the right flank of the Brit- 



1877.] N'ew Hampshire in the devolution, 41 

ish has thus gone down before the marksmen of New Hampshire and 
the small force from Connecticut, the struggle has been most intense 
upon the beach, and but a few small parties of the grenadiers and 
light infantry are left to take part in another attack. The troops on 
the British left have attacked the redoubt and breastwork where 
Prescott is in command, and his troops under cover. Twice have 
the assailants been mowed down by the well-directed fire of his 
troops, twice have they recoiled from the attack. Charlestown is in 
flames ; some of the British have been driven back to their boats ; 
cheers rise from the American lines ; the enemy has been repulsed, 
the day is ours. But the provincials have no bayonets, and the 
enemy have heard the cry from the redoubt, " Our ammunition is 
giving out." The British muster for a third assault. The grena- 
diers and light infantry have been nearly annihilated. The New 
Hampshire line cannot be broken. The British battalions with the 
marines and artillery, and a few grenadiers who have come over as 
reinforcements, assail the breastwork, the redoubt, and right flank 
of the Americans. Few guns are heard on either side ; the powder 
has given out in the redoubt. The British rely on the bayonet ; they 
reach the eastern end of the breastwork. The artillery comes up to 
a point some forty rods from the grass fence, and rakes the line of 
the breastwork. They have penetrated at the weak point of the 
American line between the slough and the redoubt. They drive in 
the right flank of the Americans and nearly surround the fort. They 
climb the parapet, and the bayonet is met with the sword of the 
the officer and the butt-end of the fowling-piece. Warren falls, and 
Prescott, after deeds of gallantry, gives the word to retreat. His 
gallant band, as they rush through the sally-port, receive a murder- 
ous fire from the enemy who have flanked the redoubt, and more 
fall in the retreat than in the battle. As the British enter the re- 
doubt, Stark's men urge him to assail their flank ; but Stark, with- 
out bayonets and with but one or two rounds of ammunition, re- 
presses their ardor, and the New Hampshire men retire uncon- 
quered, over Bunker Hill. There they meet a large body of 
provincials who have taken no part in the fight and thrown up no 
defences, and at the causeway encounter other regiments who ar- 
rive too late for tlie battle, and among them the four companies 
from New Hampshire, under Col. Sargent, who has during the day 
sent their requests to Gen. Ward for leave to join Stark and Reed, 
but receives his orders too late for service. With these men and a 
few rounds of ammunition a little earlier, Stark and Reed might 
have turned the fortunes of the day. They bring off, however, their 
forces, who have held the foe at bay, who have twice defeated him 
and nearly annihilated his best corps, in good condition. Their 
chief loss is in two gallant officers, Majors Moore and McClary, 
both men of courage and devotion to the country. The voice of 
McClary has rung like a clarion through the ranks during the day ; 
he falls by a chance shot after the fight is over. 



42 New Hampshire in the Revolution, [Jan. 

The mon from the fifranite bills under tlie separate commands of 
Stark and lued, return like vietors from the field. They have held 
their ground luitil the redoubt was taken and the men of Massaehu- 
eetts and Connecticut are retiring. They have proved that the regu- 
lar troops of England were not invincible. They have taught them 
to respect the yeomanry of New England. 

A British letter after the battle, in conunenting on the struggle 
before the grass fence and wall, says : " How could we penetrate? 
Most of our grenadiers and light infantry the moment of presenting 
themselves lost three-fourths and many of them nine-tenths of their 
men ; some had only eight or nine of a company left ; some three, 
four or five only." Another letter says, "It was the strongest post 
ever occupied by any set of men." Bancroft says, "The little hand- 
ful of brave men " (with Prescott) " would have been effectually 
cut off but for the unfaltering courage of the provincials at the rail 
fence and the bank of the Mystic. They had repulsed the enemy 
twice, and now held them in check until the main body had left the 
hill ; not till then did the Connecticut companies under Knowlton 
and the New Hampshire soldiers under Stark quit the station which 
they had so nobly defended. The retreat was made with more regu- 
larity than could be expected from troops who had been so short a 
time under discipline." 

Let it never be forgotten that most of the troops thus commended 
were from the granite hills of New Hampshire. Col. Sargent, 
who commanded the four companies that reached the causeway 
too late for the battle, strongly endorses this commendation, al- 
though he may not do full justice to the men of Connecticut, or 
volunteers who came up during the fight, when he thus writes : 
" These two regiments, Stark's and Reed's, did all that was 
done that day of any consequence, although the fatigue party stood 
their ground better than could be expected after a hard night's labor." 
We must make some allowance for his sympathies with the New 
Hampshire troops, but he appreciated aright the courage, coolness 
and sagacity of the men and their leaders. He was a native of 
Massachusetts. 

THE PART TAKEN BY NEW HAMPSHIRE IN THE CROSSING OF HIE 
DELAWARE AND THE BATTLES OF TRENTON AND PRINCETON. 

Let me pass on to other important events of the Revolution, to 
the additional troops sent by New Hampshire to the siege of 
Boston when the Connecticut troops wuthdrew, and let me dwell on 
other victories won in great part by men from the hill-sides of 
Rockingham, Hillsborough ancl Cheshire, for which New Hamp- 
shire has not rcoeived the honor to which it is entitled. The 
regiments of New Hampshire had followed Washington to the 
So'ith. The foe had taken New York, had overrun New Jersey, 
and was severing the North from the South. The provincial 



1877.] New Hampshire in the Revolution. 43 

army was exhausted ; many troops had left for their homes. The 
residue, half-clad, half-fed, and wholly unpaid, were anxious to 
reach their homes in the north. The sons of New Hampshire 
had clung to the father of their country, but their terms of service 
were expiring, and they were about to move homeward, when Stark 
appealed to their patriotism, and they again enlisted. He reminded 
them of Canada and Bunker Hill, and offered to guarantee the 
arrears due them for services, and they were ready for one fight 
more. It was then that Washington planned his campaign against 
the Hessians. Three expeditions were to cross the Delaware. Two 
Avere composed of troops from New Jersey and Pennsylvania. It 
was a tempestuous night of winter ; a freshet had broken up the 
ice of the Delaware and impeded the passage. The southern troops 
declined to cross, but Washington had with him the New Hampshire 
regiments under Sullivan, and the regiment of Col. Glover from my 
native county of Essex. The men of New Hampshire had faced the 
chilling blasts of the White Mountains ; they were not appalled by ice 
or snow. The men of Marblehead had fished on the stormy banks 
of Newfoundland, the dans^erous coasts of Labrador, had followed 
the seals over ice-fields, and struck the whale in the Arctic and Ant- 
arctic seas. They would not succumb to a southern storm, or to 
the ice of a southern river. Pushino- aside the ice-blocks with their 
feet, they ferried Washington across the Delaware. When they 
marched for Trenton the men from New Hampshire were in front. 
Stark led the advance guard ; their path was marked by stains from 
bleeding feet ; their powder was wet by the storm, and bayonets 
were wanting ; but they rushed upon the cantonments of the Hes- 
sians, and took a regiment prisoners. History relates that a whole 
company surrendered to seventeen half-clad and bare-footed men 
under a sergeant from the granite hills, and were deeply chagrined 
when they looked upon their captors. With the same troops Wash- 
ington by forced marches passed Cornwaliis with superior num- 
bers, captured another regiment, compelled the British to evacuate 
most of New Jersey, and revived the fainting spirits of the country. 

THE BATTLE OF BENNINGTON. 

Let me allude to another conflict, most important in its results, in 
which New Hampshire was the chief actor — the fight at Bennington. 

Congress had failed to recognize the gallantry of Stark at Charles- 
town and Trenton. It had passed him by and appointed a junior 
officer brigadier general. Like most brave men he was sensitive to 
any slight or indignity, and at once resigned and retired to his native 
hills. But he was appreciated at home, and when Burgoyne came 
up the lakes with his Hessians and Indian allies, and sent his 
detachments across the New Hampshire Grants to sweep away 
the horses and cattle on the bank of the Connecticut, Avhen "Donald 
came pranking up the brae with twdce five thousand men," his Pro- 



44 New Hampshire in the Hevolution, [Jan. 

vince called upon Stark to repel invasion, and tendered to lilm an inde- 
pendent command. lie at once responded. His former comrades 
who were not in the army left the harvest-field and flocked to his 
standard. Langdon, of Portsmouth, tendered the me;ins to equip 
them, and in less than a fortnight his troops had reached the vicinity 
of licnnington. Lieut. -Col. Gregg, of Londonderry, was in the 
advance, and reported a large body of Lidians and Hessians in front. 
Col. Warner, who had been defeated by Fraser and Reidsel, came 
in, and a clergyman from Massachusetts with liis flock also joined 
the New Hampshire militia, and was eager for the battle. Stark, 
after marching his troops several times around a hill to impress the 
Hessians with his strength, prepared for action as soon as a storm 
which had set in was over. The enemy were a large detachment of 
regular troops well armed and equipped, nearly equal in number to 
his own men. They occupied intrenchments defended by bayonets 
and cannon. Stark relied on neither ; he had but one bullet-mould 
in his camp, and his men were busy through the niglit in casting 
bullets, or hammering them out with stones to fit the bores of their 
guns. At length the sun shone out. Stark divided his little force 
into four parties, rushed upon his foes from four points at once, and 
killed or captured nearly their entire force. AYithin an hour after 
his victory he defeated another large detachment marching to the 
relief of those he had captured, and took many })risoners. By this 
brilliant train of victories he cut off many of the best troops of Bur- 
goyne and the supply of horses and provisions essential to his suc- 
cess. The victories of Stark brought New England and New York 
to the aid of Gates and Schuyler, and Stark encamping with his 
troops in the rear of I^urgoyne, cut off his retreat to Canada, and 
thus paved the way for his subsequent surrender, in effecting 
which the regiments from New Hampshire took a distinguished part. 
In the history of America there is no record of any victory of" ir- 
regular or half-armed troops over regulars, disciplined, and armed 
and defended by intrenchments, which compares with this ex- 
ploit of Stark and his heroes from the Granite Hills. I have 
pictured to you the achievements of this State and of these Hills in 
which the Scotch-Irish race was predominant. The battles I have 
painted were among the most decisive of the war. 

The first taught our yeomanry that they could meet the disci- 
plined troops of England with confidence. The others revived the 
faltering spirits of the nation. The last insured the capture of Bur- 
goyne, which gave us the French alliance and secured our independ- 
ence. Are these achievements of this people duly appreciated by 
the nation ? Where are the monuments to Stark and Kecd ? to 
McClary and Moore, and other heroes who fought or fell in the bat- 
tles I have pictured? Should not a cohnnn rise to record their 
iicroic deeds and their devotion to their country, like that reared in 
the ancient fortress on Loch Foyne ? AYcrc they not the bulwarks 



1877.] New Ilainpshire in the Revolution. 45 

of civil if not of religious liberty? Col. Stark, now recognized as a 
general of the Revolution, sleeps on the borders of the ancient town 
of Londonderry. 

"Beside his native silvery stream 
The hero's relics deep are laid ; 
No more of battle days he'll dream ; 
Fame claims no more; her debt is paid. 
Yet o'er his grave her laurels bloom, 
And crown with brightest wreaths his tomb." 



NOTES TO THE PRECEDING ADDRESS. 

Note 1. 

Gen. Gage in his official report of the battle of Bunker Hill says the 
light infantry were directed to attack the enemy's left, " to take the rebel 
line in flank, and the grenadiers to attack in front, supported by the 5th and 
5 2d battahons." These orders were executed with perseverance under a 
heavy fire. 

In Col. Swett's plan of the battle, the grenadiers are represented in front 
of the New Hampshire troops on a line about seventy yards distant from, 
the grass fence, followed by the 5th and b9A regiments a little east of the 
slough between Prescott's intrenchments and the fence. On the same plan 
twelve companies of light infxntry are represented near the beach of the 
Mystic, with the numbers of their regiments opposite to each. At the head 
of the light infantry is a company of the 23d. It is near the beach, and about 
eighty yards distant from the stone wall reared by Stark's regiment. In 
Gage's report all the British regiments are termed battalions. This term 
may be accounted for from the fact that a company of light infantry and a 
company of grenadiers had been detached from each regiment to serve on 
the extreme right ; the eight companies left in each regiment were conse- 
quently termed battalions. The detached companies were on the right, as 
shown by the plan of Col. Swett and confirmed by Gage's reports of the 
battle and of the losses of twenty companies of grenadiers and light infantry. 
Beside these there were sixteen companies in the 5th and 52d regiments 
supporting them, and we may infer from a variety of evidence that the 
thirty-eight companies comprised at least fifteen hundred men. A park of 
six pieces of artillery appears on the plan of Col. Swett, advancing between 
the two flanks of the British forces a little in the rear, and nearly opposite 
the southerly end of the grass fence where the Connecticut troops were posted. 
The main attack of Lord Howe was upon the north end of the fence to 
turn the flank of the Americans, and here his chief loss was incurred. 

A doubt has been raised as to the presence of the Welsh Fusileers in the 
battle, because they are not named by that title either in the plans or official 
reports. They were known in the official reports by the designation of the 
23d regiment of the line, and there is conclusive evidence that this regi- 
ment was in Boston, and that a portion or the whole of it took a leading 
part in the battle. In the diary of Thomas Newell, of Boston, kept during 
the siege, and cited in Frothingham's history, page 364, it is stated that 
this regiment, the Welsh Fusileers, arrived in Boston in August, 1774, and 
encamped on Fort Hill. In Col. Swett's plan, above referred to, the 23d 
is marked at the head of the line. At page 13 of Col. Swett's history, it is 
stated that three companies of the Welsh Fusileers were in Boston before 

VOL. XXXI. 6 



46 I^ew Hampshire in the Revolution, [Jan. 

the battle, and at page 51 of his history he states that the grenadiers of this 
regiment lost all but eight men in the battle. 

The 23d, or Welsh Fusileers, was the Prince of Wales' regiment; the 
5th was Lord Percy's; the .')2d was the Royal Irish; all the troops on the 
British right were the elite of the British array. Like the guards at the 
present day, it does not appear that any flags were used in this battle, and 
it is stated by Col. Swett that " Yankee Doodle" was played for the first 
time by the Americans on this occasion. 

Note 2. 

INIajor McClary of Stark's regiment was killed after the retreat by a 
chance grape-shot. He was one of the bravest and handsomest men in the 
army, of immense strength, six feet six inches high, well proportioned, and 
with a voice that runs: throu"h the ranks durin" the battle. Doubtless this 
voice and his aspect made some impression on the regiments halting in the 
causeway, when he called on them to move on or make way for New Hamp- 
shire. It has been suggested that some of Stark's regiment were detained 
by Gen. Putnam to fortify Bunker's Hill ; but it appears by a deposition 
of Reuben Kemp, who accompanied this regiment, which is cited by Col. 
Swett in his history, that although Gen. Putnam did detain some of Stark's 
troops on their way to the field to work on his entrenchments, in ten 
or fifteen minutes the drums beat to arms, and they marched with Gen. 
Putnam to the grass fence, and were present during the battle. The histo- 
rian Bancroft states that from the arrival of the New Hampshire troops 
down to the retreat, not more than four hundred and fiftv men reached the 
battle-field, and these were men who came up in companies, or parts of com- 
panies, under Little, Nixon, Brewer, Moore, Whitcomb and others. This 
was about the number of Americans who fell in the combat. Col. Prescott, 
in his letter addressed to John Adams, August 25, 1775, a few weeks after 
the battle, states that his force was composed " of about 1000 men, consist- 
ing of 300 of his own regiment. Col. Bridge and Lieut. Brickett with a 
detachment of theirs, and 200 Connecticut forces commanded by Capt. 
Kuowlton." " Having thrown up a small redoubt, found it necessary to 
draw a line about 20 rods in length from the fort northerly, under a very 
warm fire from the enemy's artillery. About this time, the above field 
officers, being indisposed, could render me but little service, and the most 
of the men under their command deserted the party." He then states 
" that after the enemy landed they began to march to the attack in three 
columns, and I commanded my Lieut. Col. Robinson and Major Woods 
each with a detachment to flank the enemy." He adds, " I was now left 
with perhaps 150 men in the fort." 

According to Col. Prescott's account, he had but 300 men in his own 
regiment, and drew his flank guards from them ; consequently they could 
not have exceeded 300. If to these 300 we add the 150 men left, and the 
120 who had marched out with Knowlton to the rail fence, and allow 30 
for the artillerists who did not retreat, his whole force at the time when 
Stark's men arrived could not have exceeded 600 men, and of his troops at 
least 100 were from New Hampshire. If we count in these troops and all 
those who arrived before the final retreat, the numbers who were engaged in 
the battle, according to the best evidence to which I have access, were : — 
From New Hampshire, 1,000; from Massachusetts, 765; from Connecti- 
cut, 220. Total, 1,985. 

The average number engaged at any one time was doubtless less than 



1877.] I^ew Hampshire in the Revolution, 47 

1,500. The number of British, including marines, who were engaged in 
the battle, must have exceeded 3,000 at a low estimate. Col. Stark raised 
more than half the troops which were in the service of New Hampshire at 
the siege of Boston, and seems to have had grounds for his complaints 
when Folsom, Poor and Sullivan were promoted over him. They were 
doubtless men of more polish and education, but of less experience in war. 

At the battle of Bennington the troops that fought under Stark were 
militia or minute-men fresh from the harvest fields of New Hampshire, 
assembled within a fortnight prior to the battle. At this time the Pro- 
vince of New Hampshire had in addition to these troops a brigade of three 
regiments in the armj under Gates and Schuyler. Poor commanded the 
New Hampshire brigade, and under him were Cols. Reed, Cilley and Scam- 
mel, who were distinguished through the war. This brigade lost many men 
and won great renown in the battle of the 7th of October which preceded the 
surrender of Burgoyne. It repeatedly charged the British light infantry 
and artillery, and took their cannon at least six times during the day. At 
the battle of Bennington, Stark had but one piece of cannon with no balls. 
He loaded it with powder only as a signal for the attack, and to impress 
the Hessians with the idea that he had artillery. A large portion of the 
militia assembled by Stark were from Londonderry ; and young McGregor 
of that town bore the despatches of Gen. Stark to Gen. Gates, announcing 
his victory, and encountered serious dangers on the way. 

Note 3. 

To ascertain the number of men from New Hampshire enrolled in Stark's 
regiment who fought at Bunker Hill, various books and pamphlets were 
consulted by me in the valuable libraries of the Boston Athenaeum, the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, and the New England Historic, Gene- 
alogical Society. It appears by Kidder's History of the First New Hamp- 
shire Regiment, that Col. Stark received his first commission from the 
Massachusetts Committee of Safety. Having raised eight hundred men at 
the tap of the drum, he organized them into fourteen companies, each hav- 
ing sixty officers and men, on the 26th of May, 1775. A large part of 
these men had followed him from New Hampshire. This history further 
states that on the 30th of May following, it was arranged at Exeter, N. H., 
that his regiment should comprise twelve companies. In the provincial 
papers of New Hampshire recently published, is a letter -from Col. Stark, 
of May 29th, 1775, which states that he encloses a list of troops enlisted 
for the service of that state, but this list has disappeared. In the same 
collection of state papers is a letter from Col. James Reed, of June 15th, 
1775, in which he observes that he had on that day drawn from Stark's regi- 
ment two companies under Capt. Thomas and Capt. Whitcomb. An offi- 
cial report from Gen. Folsom to Matthew Thornton, the president of the 
New Hampshire Congress, dated a week after the battle, states that Col. 
Stark then had under his command thirteen companies, one of which had 
recently joined him. It also appears by the provincial papers, that Col. 
Stark had a difficulty with a paymaster from New Hampshire because he 
did not provide for his extra companies. 

The evidence is conclusive that Col. Stark, on the day of the battle, had 
either twelve or thirteen companies in his regiment. Gen. Wilkinson, in 
his sketch of the battle published in 1816, observes that he walked over 
the field the day after Charlestown was evacuated ; he was accompanied by 
Cols. Stark and Reed in his tour of observation, and doubtless gives their 



48 New Hampshire in the Revolution, [Jan. 

account of the battle. lie sets tlie British force en<];aged at 3,000 men in 
sixty-four companies, and estimates the yeomanry of New Hampshire, Con- 
necticut and I\rassacliusetts who opposed them, at 1,500 men. He says the 
foe suffered most severely in front of the stone fence and rail fence across 
the beach and on the bank above it. He states also that in the two first 
attacks the British line advanced obliquely, inclining toward the fence and 
wall, which were the chief points of attack ; that in the third attack the grena- 
diers turned the north-east end of the breast-work running northerly from 
the redoubt, but were obliged to abandon it by the company of Capt. Dear- 
born stationed at the rail fence, who were aided by the troops in the redoubt ; 
that the grenadiers subsequently entered the redoubt at the north-east cor- 
ner. He further states that Col. Stark charged his men not to fire till they 
could see the half-gaiters of the British troops, nor until they had passed a 
certain mark he had placed in front of them. 

Gen. Dearborn in his memoir, published about the same time, states that 
the Americans in this battle had not more than fifty bayonets, and that the 
cannon balls provided on both sides were too large for the cannon, and con- 
firms the statement that the Welsh Fusileers took part in the battle and 
lost heavily. 

The last volume of the Provincial Papers of New Hampshire contains a 
statement that after the battle of the 17th of June, twenty companies of the 
New Hampshire troops, under Stark and Reed, preferred claims for many 
guns lost in the fight ; quite a number of these companies claim for one 
or two guns only, from which the inference may be drawn that two or three 
companies may have lost no guns in the contest. From the various accounts 
referred to, it appears that many distinguished men on both sides were present 
during the action. On the British side were Gens. Howe, Clinton, Burgoyne 
and Lord Rawdon ; on the American side, Gens. Warren, Putnam, Grid- 
ley and Pomeroy, Thompson, afterwards Count Rumford, Govs. Brooks, 
Eustis and Pierce, with Judge Winthrop of the Committee of Safety, who 
claimed that he suggested the idea of the grass fence. On the morning after 
the battle Mr. John Winslow, of Boston, counted ninety-six dead bodies 
in front of the stone wall on the beach. 

Here was stationed Capt. John Moore, of Derryfield, with troops raised 
on the site of the present city of Manchester and its vicinity, once a part 
of Londonderry. On that day Capt. Moore was promoted to be major, and 
Lieut. McLaughlin to be captain in Stark's regiment, doubtless for gallant 
conduct in the field. It has been intimated that the last was an ancestor of 
Gov. Claflin of Massachusetts. Gen. Heath, in his sketch of the battle, 
says the fence was nobly defended. 

Note 4. 

The 23d regiment, or Welsh Fusileers, was one of the most distinguished 

of the British army. It was conspicuous not only at Minden and Bunker 

Hill, but also at the battle of Waterloo and other battles, and is described 

in poetry, as 

"The Wclsliman's bold battiilion, 
Which the sun of Albuera 
Lighted to a field of glory — 
Litrhtcd to a field of war!" 



1877.] Rev, Wm, Cooper's Interleaved Almanacs. 49 



MEMORANDA FROM THE REV. WILLIAM COOPER'S 
INTERLEAVED ALMANACS. 

Copied by the late Thaddeus William Harris, M.D., Librarian of Harvard University, 

and communicated by his successor, John Langdon Sibley, A.M., 

of Cambridge, Mass. 

[Continued from vol- xxx. p. 441.] 

1728 

Feb. 4. Baptiz'd John Tylor. 
" 11. " Jeremiah Allen. 

" Violet, a negro woman of M' W. Tylor's. 

" 13. Died Dr. Cot. Mather. 

I went to Cambridge, to M'^ Greenwood's Installa". 
« 18. Baptiz'd William Bartell 
" 19. Dr. Mather buried. I was one of the bearers. 
« 21. At the burial of M"^ Fy field's child. 
" 25. Baptiz'd ^w^i Cox. 
Mar. 3. " Lydia Barnard. 

" 8. At the funeral of the Rev. M' Miles. 
" 9. At the funeral of Jn** Campbel, Esq., and M" Lambert, Cox's 

mother. 
" 11. At the burial of a stranger fm. the widow Meinzies. 
" 21. General Fast. 
" 23. Mr. Allen's child buried. 

" 26. At the burial of a Stranger on M"^ Wendall's acc^. 
" 27. Mr. Welsteed ordained. 
Apr. 4. At the burial of M"" Sam^ Adams. 
"14. Baptiz'd Mary Emmons. 

" Andrew Sympson. 

"21. " James Moody. 

" Sarah Balch. 

" Eli:^ Coit 

" Eliz'' Vinai. 

" Mary Brown. 

« 28. " Samuel ] 

" Abigail \ 

" EUy" ;^ Durham. 

" Mary | 

" Ann J 

" Thomas Dorr. 

" Jonathan Crouch. 

May 9. Ann Peirce died. 

" Mr Chauncey Married. 

" 11. At the burial of Ann Peirce & M" Bray's child- 
" 12. Baptiz'd Samuel Larmon. 
" 15. At the funeral of M*" Parsons. 
« 24. At the burial of Master's child. 
" 27. At the burial of Ridgeway's child. 
« 28. At the burial of M" Kneeland. 
June 2. Baptiz'd John-Mico Wendall. 
" Jonas Fitch. 

VOL. XXXI. 6* 



June 2. 


(( 


7. 


(( 


8. 


(( 


9. 


a 


16. 


ii 


17. 


a 


22. 


a 


23. 


u 


30. 


Julj 


7 2. 


it 


4. 


a 


6. 


i( 


10. 


a 


12. 


u 


19. 


u 


21. 


u 


30. 


Aug. 4. 



50 Jlev. Wm. Cooper's Interleaved Almanacs, [Jan. 

BaptizM Natltanael Doubleday. 

At the burial of Mr Wain. 

At the funeral of Capt. Matthias Bant. 

Baptiz'd Rachel Haley. 

" Hannah Cock. 

Visited the Schools. 
At the funeral of M' Amory. 
Baptiz'd Eliz'' Ilubbart. 
" Thomas Bulfiuch. 

" Zechariah Hubbart. 

At the funeral of M' Royal's nephew. 

Poor M"^ Woodbridge found this morning kill'd in the common. 
Invited to his funeral, but did not attend. 
At the funeral of M" Brown. 
At the burial of M' Jos. Allen, ^tat. 73. 
Gov' Burnett bro* to town with great pomp. 
At the burial of M" Baker. 
At the funeral of M"^' Leblond. 
Baptiz'd 3fary Arthur (adult). 

" Priscilla Smith. 

" . Adino Bulfinch. 

" Natha7i^ Bulfinch. 

" Hannah Howard. 

" 7. At the burial of Warden's child. 
" 11. Baptiz'd Love Marks. 

" Esther Marks. 

" Jonathan Sewall. 

" John Nowel. 

" Hannah Sprague. 

" 18. " Katherine Tylor. 

" Thomas Gibbens. 

At the burial of Arthur Hail. 

At the burial of Jn° Williams, & one Foster, an aged woman. 
Baptiz'd John Draper. 
At the burial of M"" Dawson's child. 
At the funeral of M" Pim. 

At the burials of one Serjeant, of Cape-Cod, & a child of Pitts's. 
At the funeral of Judge Mienzies. 
At the burial of M' Coit's child. 
Capt. Crocker's child buried. 
At the burial of Milleken's child. 
Baptiz'd Ann Green. 

" Thomas Tyley. 

" Ahigail Mobberly. 

« ^%«z7M^Kullo*^ck. 

" 3fary Chushing. [Cushing?] 

" Samuel Young. 

nr '.7 [ Loveridfije. Gemini. 
Martha ) ^ 

At the funeral of M" Cofhn's child. 

At the funoi-al of ISI" Vibert's dauter. 

General Thanksgiving. 

At the burial of'M" Vinne. 

" the widow Pain. 



a 


19. 


u 


25. 


u 


28. 


Sepi 


t. 14. 


(( 


19. 


u 


24. 


il 


26, 


u 


30. 


Oct. 


1. 


u 


13, 


u 


20. 


n 


27. 


u 


30. 


Nov 


. 2, 


u 


7. 


u 


27. 


u 


28. 



1877.] Rev, Wm, Cooper's Interleaved Almanacs. 



51 



Admissions to full communion 

Nov'^ 5. 

Joseph Edwards 

Mary Storer 
Dec. 3. 

Mary Welsh 

Rachel Thwing 
Jan^ 7, 1727-8. 

Mary Blair 

John Pierce 

Susanna Pierce 

Sam^ Franklin 

John Perry 

Margaret Parker 

Rebecca Ransford 

Charity Whitehouse 

Samuel Sprague 

Richard Billings 

William Hasey 

Eben' Kilby 

Abigail Erwine 

Susanna Allin 

Hannah Jackson 

Rebecca Parker 

William Davis 

Hannah Davis 

John Reed 

Jane Macum 

Mary Brown 

Rebecca Peabody 

John Wass 

Hopestill Foster 

Mary Walker 

Dorcas Snow 
Feb. 4. 

William Blair 

Joseph Scott 

Judith Bulfinch 

Mehet. Scott 

Eliz^ Hall 

Agnis Addison 

Hannah Mullins 

Eliz* Thompson 

Sarah Uran 

Jerush. Fayrweather 

Thos. Mullins, Jun' 

Deborah Pain 

John Jeffries 

Sarah Stoddard 



since the Earthquake, Oct. 29, It 27. 

Eliz^ Allen 

Sarah Thompson 
March 3. 

Esther Plaisted 

Joseph Davis 

Tim. Batt 

Sam^ Butler 

Mary Kilby 

Mary Tompson 

Eliz* Blancher 

Mary Hawks 

Ursula Knap 

Marry Kenny 

John Ridgaway 

Rebec^ Ridgaway 

Lawrence Dows 

Sarah Boucher 

Jane Young 

Rebec* Knowlton 

Mary Ford 
April, 1728. 

Tho. Webber, Jun' 

Tho. Warden, Jun"" 

Anne Warden 

Nathan^ Milleken 

Abigail Milleken 

Eliz* Milleken 

Sarah Wain 

Eliz"- Hubbart 

James Addison 

Joseph Sherbourn 

Mary Morrice 

Josiah Torrey 

Eliz* Pitts 

Mary Melvil 

Sarah Pain 
May, 1728. 

Eliz* Melvil 

Abigail Durham 
June, 1728. 

Lydia Sweat 
July, 1728. 

Hannah Convers 
August, 1728. 

Mary Moore 
Sept', 1728. ' 

Eliz* Adams 



1729. 
Jany 11. 
" 17. 



Funeral of Deacon Draper, who died the 8th. 
Invited to funeral of old Mr Royal, and a young Gentleman, 
a stranger fm. M' Cushings. 



52 Rev, Wm. Cooper^ s Interleaved Almanacs, [Jan. 

Jan. 23. HaDnah born, ab^ 4 in the morning. 

" 29. Invited to the burial of Welsh's child. 
Feb. 2. Baptized 6 — Hannah Cooper. 

Rebecca Ransford. 
Charles Lenox. 
Experience Willis. 
Eliza Gibbons. 
Sarah Ellis. 
Invited to funeral of M' W. Tylor's child. 
Church meeting. M' Phillips chosen Deacon. Votes 46. M' P. 
had 2G, M' Jos. Fitch 19, M' Jon. Clark 1. This was the 
second time of voting. 
Invited to the burial of Haley's child. 
Baptized 3 — Pitts UsM. 
Lucy Hail. 
Susanna Brixser. 
Mr Draper's child buried. 
Baptiz'd Jemima Landen. 
Kept as a fast by the Old South, on ace* of taking down their 

old & building a new meeting house. 
Hannah went to nurse Pool. 
At the Burial of Ellis's child. 
Mr. Brown's child buried. 
Hannah went to nurse Bartell. 
Baptiz'd 1. Joseph Rogers. 

At the Burial of old M" Belcher, widow to Capt. 
Baptiz'd 2. Eli:^ Winslow. 
Susanna Blake. 
At the Burial of Maycock's child. 
The Lecture turned into a Fast on ace* of the Measles. 
At the Burial of Dr. Perkins's son. 
At the Burial of Father Weyman. 
At the Burial of Gibbens's child. 
At the Burial of M"" Harris's Brother. 
At the Burial of M'' Coates. 
Little Hannah's surprizing Death, bro'* me between 2 & 3 this 

morn. 
Burial. 

Baptiz'd 3. John Hubbart. 
Mary Maycock. 
Josiah Maycum [?]. 
At the Funeral of Capt. Foster. 

At the Burial of M"^ Bush's child of N. York, cut for the stone. 
Baptiz'd 2. Ruth Cunningham. 

Martha Star. 
At the Burial of M*" Kneeland's child. 
At the Burial of Emmons's child. 
At the Burial of Cushing's child. 
Baptiz'd 1. Ami Cobbet. 

At the Burials of Mr Snow & Simon Rogers's child. 
At the Burial of M" Lord. 
At the Burial of Cox's child. 
At the Burial of Maycock's child. 



<( 


3. 


<( 


4. 


it 


6. 


a 


8. 


(( 


20. 


<( 


23. 


u 


28. 


Mar. 


, 3. 


it 


11. 


a 


17. 


t( 


31. 


April 6. 
9. 


u 


20. 


May 


10. 
15. 


il 


22. 


(( 


26. 


a 


28. 


u 


31. 


June 


4. 


u 


6. 


tl 


7. 


« 


8. 


(( 


20. 


(( 


21. 


i( 


22. 


« 


24. 


il 


26. 


il 


27. 


il 


29. 


July 

a 


1. 

4. 


il 


8. 


il 


10. 



July 


22. 


a 


25. 


a 


26. 


a 


28. 


(( 


31. 


Aug. 


3. 



1877.] Hev. Wm, Cooper^s Interleaved Almanacs* 5 

At the Funeral of W*" Welsteed, Esq. 

At the Funeral of M'^ Adino Bulfinch's child. 

At the Funeral of M'" Foreland. 

At the Burial of Gibbens's child. 

At the Burial of M""' Bruno. 

Baptiz'd 2. Miz^ Moor. 

Mary Doubleday. 
At the Burial of M" Badley. 
" 10. Baptiz'd 2. William Stoddard. 

Hannah Greenleaf. 
" 13. At the Burial of Clark's child. 
" 17. Baptiz'd 1. Richard Billings. 
" 20. At the Burial of M"^ Step. Willis. 
" 31. Baptiz'd 2. Jonathan Sewall. 

Mary Torry. 
Sept. 5. The Burial of Barron's child. 
" 7. This night died Gov^ Burnet, between 10 & 11. 
" 9. At the Burial of Mr. Lowder's son. 
" 12. Gov"^ Burnet buried. 
*' 13. At the burial of Nowel's child. 
** 22. At the funeral of M' Cunningham's child. 
Oct. 5. Baptiz'd 2. Ahiah Davenport. 

Mary Fullerton. 
" 8. At the Burial of M" Rebecca Bridge. 
" 10. At the Burial of the Rev. Mr Harris. 
" 14. At the Burial of Mrs. Hasey. 
" 19. Baptiz'd 5. Walter Fayrweather. 

Eliz'' Wendal. 
Miiz^ Quincy. 
Eliz^ Edwards. 
Sarah Treleven. 
" 20. At the Funeral of M'^ Joseph Fitch. 
" 23. At the Funeral of M' W^ Stoddard's child. 
" 31. Our Friday Lecture turn'd into a Fast on ace* of Small Pox. 
Nov. 5. At the Funeral of M"^' Edwards. 
" 7. At the Burial of Father Pike, ab* 88. 
" 20. At the Burial of M"" Gee's child. 
" 25. At the Burial of M' Nath^ Gushing. 
" 26. At the Burial of M" Eglestone's child. 
" 29. At the Burial of M'" Galpine, a useful good man. 
Dec. 3. At the Burial of Mary Rix^ astat. 55. 
" 7. Baptiz'd 1. Mary Foster. 
" 11. At the Funeral of Col. Payne, of Bristol. 
" 14. Baptiz'd 2. Hannah Haley. 

John Durham. 
" 16. At the Burial of M"^' Perkins's child. 
" It. At M' Peabody's ordination. 
Mr Bulfinch's child's funeral. 
" 2[1]. Baptiz'd 2. Lydia Draper. 

Abraham Morine. 
" 25. Capt. Keeling's Funeral. 
" 26. At the Burial of Salisbury's child. 
*< 28. Baptiz'd John Allen. 



o 



54 JRev, Wm, Coo2'>er'8, Interleaved Almanacs, [Jan. 



Died my Hon** Father Sewall. 

Invited to the Burial of Sears. 

At the Funeral of Mad"' Saltonstall, ^tat. 65. 

At the Burial of M" Heath. 

Baptiz'd 1. Ehenezer Storer. 

At the Funeral of Mad"' Clark, ^tat. 78. 

Richardson's Father buried. 

At the Burial of Teague [?]. 

Baptiz'd 2. Benjamin Cox. 
Sarah Davis. 

At the Burial of M'" Mariner's wife. 

At the Funeral of M"" Jackson's Son. 

At Mr Wroes Burial. 

At M"^ Bulfinch's child's Funeral. 

At Master's child's Burial. 

At Mr. Morehead's ordination. 

At the Funeral of M-^ David Andrews, at D' Bulfinch's. 

At the Burial of M"^ Hubbart's young man, Sherbourn. 

At the Burial of Odel. 

At the Funeral of Coll. Chearnley's child. 

At the Burial of M" Scot's child. 

At the funeral of M" Robert Lenoir. 

Experience Weeks Buried at Dorchester. 

Preach'd the Lecture at Newton. Buried M^ Eustis, Mrs. Ful- 
ler [Fallet, or what ?] 

Went to Cambridge. Buried M' Richardson. 

At the Burial of Hervey's Dau'ter. 

At the Burial of Trail's maid. 

At the Burial of Cox's child. 

Invited to Burial of Gregory Gunsmith. 

At the Burial of M' W. Tyler's child, & Home's. 

At the Burial of Harvey's child. 

At the Burial of M' Mecum's child. 

At the Burial of W Gookin's Son, ^t. 18. 

The Funeral of Maycock's child. 

Preach'd at Newton. Baptiz'd Abigail Gardiner. 

Mr Tay buried. 

Mrs Mary Morris buried. 

Allen's child buried. 

Fitche's child buried. 

Mr Gregory buried. 

Haley's child buried. 

Rand and his child buried. 
9. My wife deliv'd of a dau'ter, Judith, a few minutes before 10 
A.M. 
14. Judith Baptiz'd by M"" Cotton. [Newton.] 

Roach's child buried. [Newton ?] 
21. Baptiz'd 1. Mary Fletcher. 
" 23. At the Funeral of M"" Greenleaf's child. 

" 25. The Burials of M"^ Green's dau'ter, Deshaun, & Potwain's dau'ter. 
" 28. Emmons's child buried. 
" 30. At the burial of Tyley's child. 



173C 


I. 


Jan^ 


1. 


ii 


16. 


<( 


22. 


Feb. 


1. 


u 


2. 


u 


10. 


(( 


13. 


u 


15. 


(C 


2L 


Mar. 


14. 


u 


21. 


a 


24. 


a 


30. 


(( 


31. 


Apr. 

li 


3. 
6. 


ti 


7. 


« 


8. 


ii 


9. 


ii 


16. 


u 


24. 


ii 


27. 


May 


3. 
4. 


« 


5. 


(( 


6. 


u 


11. 


it 


12. 


ii 


19. 


(C 


21. 


(I 


23. 


il 


24. 


a 


25. 


ii 


26. 


il 


27. 


a 


28. 


li 


29. 


a 


30, 


June 


6. 



ii 



1877.] Bev, Wm. Cooper's Interleaved Almanacs. 55 

Mortimer's child buried. 

At the Burial of Potwine's child. 

At the Burial of Brixce's child. 

At the Burial of Warden's child. 

At M" Gee's Funeral, a Bearer. 

At the Funeral of M" Tay. 

John Hubbard's child buried. 

Preach at Newton, and baptize John Clark. 

Baptiz'd i. Ehenezer Hay ward. 

Gov'^ Belcher arrives. 

Baptiz'd 1. Abigail Bullfinch. 

Gov'" B. comes to Town. 

At the Funeral of M" Ballard. 

At the Burial of M""^ Williams, once Maddis. 

Baptiz'd 2. Isaac Bechum. 

Daniel Gibb [?] 
At the Burial of M" White from the Almshouse. 
Baptiz'd 2. Edward Davis. 

William Maycock. 
Mrs. Tylor's Funeral. 

Baptiz'd 3. John^ Joseph, Ehenezer Brown. 
At the Burial of Warden's Son. 
At the Burial of Warden's other child. 
At the Burial of Michael Hamilton. 
Mr. Giles Buried. 
At the Burial of old M"" Warden. 
At the Funeral of Mrs. Baily. 
Baptiz'd 1. Abigail Hempton, Adult. 
At the Burial of Brown's child. 

Buried Masters & Edwards their children [at Newton ?] 
At the Burial of Sarah Wells. 

Died my Hon*^ Father Stoddard, ab* 8 in the morn, set. 80. 
Baptiz'd 3. Charles- Hohhy Hubbart. 

Benjamin Giles. 

Mary Tuckerman. 
At the Burial of M""' Vryling. 
Attended the Funeral of F. Stoddard. 
Baptiz'd 3. Ahiah Brown (Adult). 

Edward Scot. 

Mary Young. 
Mrs. Colman died this night ab* 1 o'clock very suddenly. 
At the Funeral of Mrs. Colman. 
At the Funeral of M" Hubbart, wife of Zeek. 

At the M' T. Boylston's Dau'ter. 

Mr. Charles Morris. 

Burial of Mrs Sen. Ransford, a pious blind woman. 
At the Burial of our old Friend M" Phillips, ^t. 72. 
Baptiz'd 4. Ann Wendall. 

Lydia Coit. 

John Waters. 

John Fullerton. 
27. Baptiz'd 1. James Young. 



July 


1. 

4. 


il 


5. 


u 


14. 


il 


18. 


u 


21. 


li 


24. 


a 


26. 


Aug 


. 2. 

8. 


it 


9. 


a 


10. 


(( 


18. 


a 


19. 


il 


23. 


il 


29. 


it 


30. 


Sept 


. 3. 
6. 


li 


11. 


il 


16. 


il 


23. 


Oct. 


2. 


(( 


3. 


(( 


11. 


(( 


12. 


(( 


14. 


(( 


15. 


a 


18. 


il 


19. 


il 


20. 


li 


25. 


u 


27. 


a 


31. 


Nov. 


8. 


il 


9. 


li 


10. 


il 


23. 


Dec. 


2. 


4( 


13. 



56 Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, [Jan. 



SEALS FROM THE JEFFEIES COLLECTION OF 

MANUSCRIPTS. 

Communicated by the Committee on Heraldry of the New-England 
IlisTOuic, Genealogical Society. 

THE annexed descriptive list of seals attached to the correspond- 
ence and papers of David Jeffries, Esq. (ante^ xxx. 20), trea- 
surer for many years of Boston in the last century, simply presents 
to whomever may feel an interest the fact that such seals would 
seem to have been used as their own by the several persons whose 
signatures appear either as the writers of the letters or as exe- 
cuting the instruments. The propriety of their using them it is 
not of course for us to determine ; but we can see no reason to 
question their right. We were deeply impressed with the value of 
the information their being so used would convey where any doubt 
existed in the minds of present generations as to the arms borne by 
their progenitors. The members of the Heraldic Committee devot- 
ed many hours to their examination and preparing the list, and 
studying out in Burke's General Armoury, and by the help of 
other sources of knowledge, what they were, when defaced, and 
to what branch of the particular name attached they belonged. 

More than this would have been quite apart from our province, 
unless such duty had been imposed upon us by the Society. 

In preparing the following descriptions the committee has been 
greatly assisted by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, a great-great-grandson of 
David Jeffries, Esq., who inherited and preserved these manuscripts. 

The seals marked * have been described in the Heraldic Journal, 

Thomas C. Amory, Chairman, 

Knightley Alderns. 5th March, 1674; letter to John Cooke, mer- 
chant at Oporto. Seal^ an anchor between the letters E and L. 

Daniel Allen, Physician of Boston, Representative 1693 and 1694. 
Boston, Jan. 14, 1689; deed of a house and land to Charles Lidget, P. 
Bowdon being a witness. Arras^ a cross potent, over all a bend, in chief 
sinister a bezant. Crest, an Indian full length facing forward, in dexter 
hand a bow, in sinister hand an arrow. Tinctures not indicated. 

P. Barberie. New York, July 29, 1714; invoice of goods to Messrs. 
David Jeffries & Co., signed by " De Lancey, Barberie & Moore." A note 
on the reverse is signed by P. Barberie for self and Stephen DeLancey, 
and by John Moore, Jr. The letter is written by Barberie. Arms, a 
chevron between three griffins' heads erased. Crest, a griffin's head erased. 
Tinctures not indicated. 

These are not the De Lancey arms as given in the Heraldic Journal, and 
are probably those of Barberie or possibly Moore. 

Samuel Barron. London, 28 Feb. \l\i\ letter to Messrs. David 
Jeffries & Co. Arms, two swords in saltire between four fleurs-de-lis. 



1877.] Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, 57 

Barron of Wiltshire bears, sa. two swords in saltire ar. pomels and liilti 
or, between four fieurs-de-lis or. 

John Brand. See Sharpe. 

Captain Edward Brattle, son of Thomas Brattle, one of the founders 
of the Okl South Church; Representative 1671, 2, 0; Artillery Co. 1672. 
Letters to David Jeffries & Co., Marblehead, March 30, 1715, and Mr. 
John Jeffries, Marblehead, Au;^. 19, 1713. Arms, Ermine, tliree plates, in 
centre of shield a mullet. The marks which we call erm. may possibly 
be intended for o?% but their shape is more that of erm. 

The Arms of his brother Thomas, which differed from the above, are de- 
scribed in the Heraldic Journal. 

Sir Justus Beck, Bart., created a baronet Nov. 1, 1714, the first 
baronetcy conferred by George I. The title became extinct in 1764. 
London, 26 January, 17|f ; letter to Messrs. David Jeffries & Co. Arms, 
quarterly, 1st a blackbird, 2d and 3d a mullet, 4th a dolphin embowed. 
Crest, within a pair of wings a raven. Tinctures not indicated. Burke 
gives the arms as " Quarterly, 1st or, a blackbird sa. ; 2d and 3d sa. a mullet 
or; 4th, az. a dolphin embowed, or. Crest, within a pair of wings or, a 
raven ppr." 

Andrew Belcher, II. C. 1722; son of Gov. Jonathan Belcher of 
Massachusetts. Milton, Aug. 8, 1763 ; letter to David Jeffries, Esq. 
Round Seal, an antique female head. 

^Judge Jonathan Uelcher, Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia; II. C. 1728; 
brother of Andrew I^elcher. Two letters to his nephew David Jeffries, 
written from Halifax, and dated Dec. 21, 1757, and Sept. 22, 1760. Arms, 
or, three pales gu. a chief vaird. Crest, a greyhound's head erased erm. 
gorged with a collar and ringed. Motto, Loyal au mort. 

These are the arms of Belcher, of Gilsborough, co. Northampton, Eng- 
land, who bore the collar on the crest gules, and the ring or. 

John Brandon. London, April 19, 1744; letter to Madam Noyes. 
Arms broken off. Crest, a lion's head erased and crowned. Tinctures not 
indicated. 

The family of Brandon, of Suffolk, bears barry of ten ar. and gu. 
a lion rampant or, ducally crowned per pale of the first and second. Crest, 
a lion's head erased, or, ducally crowned per fesse ar. and gu. 

*DuNCAN Campbell, bookseller, of Boston; came from Scotland 1688, 
and got a commission from England as postmaster of the Colonies. New- 
York, Sept. 16, and April 14, 1701; letters to Major Benj. Davis. Arms, 
Gyrony of eight or aiid sa. Crest, a boar's head couped. 

These arms are borne by many of the name in Great Britain, among 
them the Duke of Argyle, the Marquis of Bredalbane, &c. 

John Carkett. Bytheford, Aug. 20, 1711 ; letter to Messrs. David 
Jeffries & Co. Arms, a chevron between three martlets. Crest, a martlet. 
Tinctures not indicated. 

Cargill of Scotland bears, gu. a chevron between three martlets or. 

Robert Carrick. Newcastle, July 19 and Sept. 6, 1746; letters to 
David Jeffries, Esq. Arms, ar. a fesse dancette sa. between three lions 
passant two and one, of the second. Crest, an escallop. 

Carrick of Gloucestershire bears, or, a fesse dancette between three 
talbots passant sa. 

John Caswale. London, Feb. 13, 1712; letter to " Mr. John Jeffries, 
merchant in Boston." Arms, on a bend three roses. Cresty a bust facing, 
forward. Tinctures not indicated. 
vol. XXXI. 6 



58 Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts. [Jan. 

David Chabot. Rotterdam, 2Gth Oct. 1708; letter to "Mr. Thomas 
Clarke, merchant in Boston." Two clear impressions. Seal^ a monogram 
of several letters, above it a coronet, below it a chabot aneant. 

Arms of Chabot of France, or, three chabots gu. 

William and Siikldon Chambers, merchants of London. Letters to 
David Jeffries & Co., dated London, 17 Dec. and 2 Nov. 1708. Arms, on 

a iield , a chevron, or, between three trefoils. Grest^ a bear passant 

muzzled. 

Ca[)t. John Chapman. So. Carolina, April 3, 1712; letter to Messrs. 
Jeffries and Shepreeve. Arms, a chevron or, between three caps of main- 
tenance jessant-de-lis ? Tincture of field not indicated. 

Tliere is some doubt about this charge, it is a clear enough impression, 
but such a charge would be very rare. 

Walter Chapman. Four letters from Kingston, Jamaica, to Mr. Thomas 
Clarke: three dated June 19 and March 26, 1706 (the date of the third 
being eaten off), are signed by W. Chapman and P. Miln; the fourth (the 
date of which is also gone) is signed by Walter Chapman, and all are writ- 
ten in Chapman's handwriting. Arms, quarterly, 1st and 4th, a chevron 
between three roses ; 2d and 3d, paly of six. Crest, an Indian plumed, 
kneeling with spear in rest. Tinctures not indicated. 

Walter Chapman. See Miln. 

Charles Chauncv or John Taylor. London, March 3, 1718; invoice 
of goods to David Jeffries & Co., written by Chauncy for Taylor, and in- 
dorsed, " Mr. Taylor's Invoice." Arms, lower part of shield broken off — upper 
part shows a chief charged with a lion rampant. Crest, out of a ducal 
coronet a demi -griffin rampant crowned, with wings extended. Tinctures 
not indicated. 

Thomas Cholwich. Rivierra, 22 Jan. 1679; letter to John Cooke, of 
Oporto. Arms, three chevrons, in chief a label. Crest, over a prince's 

helmet a lion's jambe erect and erased supporting a ? Tinctures not 

indicated. 

Cholwich of England bears, per pale sa. and ar. three chevrons counter- 
changed. Crest, a lion's jambe erect and erased sa. supporting an ancient 
carved seal per pale or and arg. 

Benjamin Clifford. Dan vers, 24 March, 1755 ; letter to David Jeffries, 
Esq. Round seal, the figure of a lady holding a flower. 

Samuel Coggan. Lisbon, Ma}^ 19, 1712; letter to David Jeffries & 
Co. Round seal, a lion rampant renverse. 

Elizabeth Cooke. Exon, 29 May, 1674; letter to her husband John 
Cooke, of Oporto, and also on a scrap of paper torn from a letter. Arms, 
a chevron, in chief a crescent; impaling, a chevron between three pine- 
apples. Tinctures not indicated. 

John Cooke. Lix*, July, 1673; letter to Joel Kingston. ArmSy 
quarterly, 1st and 4th, a lion rampant; 2d and 3d, plain field. Tinctures 
not indicated. 

John Cooke. Exon, IMarch, 1675; letter to "Mr. John Cooke & Com- 
pany, merchants in O|)orto." Round seal, a skeleton holding in dexter hand 
an arrow, in sinister hand an hour-glass. 

Richard Ci{o.ssman. 5th March, 1682; letter to John Usher, Esq. 
Arms, a cross fieury. Crest, a bull's head erased. 

John Crovvther. London, (5 Aug. 1677; letter to John Cooke of 
Oj)orto. Arms, bottom of shield broken off — top shows two fawns' heads 
coupcMl. Crest, out of a coronet a fawn's head couped. Tinctures not 
indicated. 



1877.] Seals from the Jeffries Ma?iuscripts. 59 

John Crowther. London, Oct. 9, 1672, and Aug. 14 and Jul}^ 28, 
1674; letters to John Cooke of Oporto. Seal, a double-headed eagle 
displayed. 

Archibald Cumminge, Preventive Officer ; Port St. John's, Newfound- 
land, 8th May, 1711 ; clearance papers of the Pearl, galley, eight guns, 
owned by David Jeffries, Esq. Arms, three garbes. Tinctures not in- 
dicated. Crest, over a helmet the letters A. C. 

The families of Cummin of Alyr, Cuming of Religas, and the ancient 
Cumins (or Comyn), Lords of Badenoch, bore, az. three garbes or. 

*S. CuRWEN. Brompton, Yeoman's Row, Jan. 10, 1782; letter to John 
Jeffries, M.D. Arms, ar. fretty gu. a chief, az. Crest, an unicorn's head 
erased. 

These are the arms borne by the Curwens of Workington, co. Cumber- 
land. 

. John Custis. Accomack, April 4, 1687; letter to John Usher, Esq. 
Arms, a chevron between three ravens (?) (These birds resemble ravens, 
but there is some doubt as to what they are intended for.) Tinctures not 
indicated. 

Addington Davenport. H. C. 1689, Judge of the Supreme Court. 
Feb. 9, 1724; letter to "the Hon. John Usher, Esq., Lt. Gov. of New 
Hampshire." Crest, a holy lamb trippant. His arms are described in the 
Heraldic Journal. 

Mrs. Sarah Davie, 3d wife of William Davis, apothecary, of Boston, 
and stepmother of Maj. Benj. Davis. Her name is written '' Davie," but 
the address is " Davis." Savage says the names are convertible. Letter to 
Maj. Benj. Davis, of Boston, no date. Arms, on a fesse three lozenges. 
Tinctures not indicated. 

John Davis. Fayal, May 2, 1705 ; letter to " Mr. David Jeffries, mer- 
chant in Boston." Round seal, a crown. 

Stephen De Lancey. See Barberie. 

Thomas Dongan, Governor of New- York. New- York, Nov. 19, 1684; 
letter to " Mr. Usher in Boston." Arms, ar. a fesse or, between three fleurs- 
de-lis. Crest, out of a baron's coronet a demi lion rampant. 

*Joseph Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts, 1702-20. May 7, 1686 ; 
power of attorney from Joseph Dudley, Samuel Shrimpton and Richard 
Wharton, to Jonathan Tyng of D unstable, to receive lands from Wanalan- 
sett, Sachem of the Merrimack Indians. Arms, a lion rampant queue 
fourchee. Crest, a ducal coronet, above it something illegible. Tinctures 
not indicated. 

Dudley of England bore, or, a lion rampant queue fourchee, vert. 

There is also in a bible formerly owned by Gov. Joseph Dudley, a copy 
of his book plate, showing the same arms as in the seal above, and for crest 
a lion's head erased. Motto, " Nee gladio nee arcu ;" and below the arms, 
" His Excellency Joseph Dudley, Esq., Governor of New England, 1702." 

Phesant Eastwick, of Portsmouth. Portsmouth, Sept. 28, 1687; 
letter to John Usher, Esq. Arms, a chevron between three bucks statant. 
Tinctures not indicated. 

Robert Elliot, Councillor of N. H. 1683-6, 92-8 and 1699-1715. 
Newcastle, Dec. 21, 1714; letter to David Jeffries, Esq. Octagonal sealy 
the letter " N " surrounded by an illegible motto. 

John Eyre, H. C. 1718, son of John Eyre and Catherine Brattle. 
Portsmouth, July 19, 1736; letter to his sister Catherine Noyes, wife of 
Oliver Noyes and widow of David Jeffries. Very clear impression. Arms, 



CO Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, [Jan. 

ar. a chevron ermines between three escallops gu. Crests a demi-lion 
rampant. 

These are tlie arms of Eyre of Suflfolk. 

William FoxLKY, merchant. Hamburg, /'2d Dec. IGTGand 28 Jan. 
I^'b? ' letters to John Cooke of 0])orto. Arms, on a clievron three escal- 
lops. Crest, a man's head couped at tlie neck. Tinctures not indicated. 

Nathaniel Fiiykr, Councillor of N. II. 1083-0; County Treasurer, 
1G()8 to end of the Mass. government; Councillor, 1G92-17U2; Ch. Justice 

of the Common Pleas, 1 092-5. Portsmouth, Jan. 1 1 , (year eaten off) ; 

letter to "the lion. ,John Usher, Esq., Lieutenant Governor of their IMaj. 
Province of New IIam{)shire ; Commander in Chief and Admiral of the 
same, &c. &c. &c." Round seal, a very clearly cut antique head. 

Gicougp: Fulford, merchant of London. London, 22d Nov. 1074, and 
23d March, 1075; letters to Jolm Cooke of Oporto. Round seal, ix heart 
pierced by tliree arrows, one in pale and two in saltire. 

Gkorge Fulford, apparently same as above. London, 30th Nov. 1074; 
letter to John Cooke of Oj)orto. Round seal, a lion rampant. 

Georgp: Fulford, apparently same as above. London, 1st Jan. 1 074 ; 
letter to John Cooke, &c. Arms, two bars gemelles between three dexter 
hands couped at the wrist, two in chief and one in base ; a martlet in chief 
for difference. Grest, over a gentleman's helmet and wreath, a dexter hand 
couped at the wrist. Tinctures not indicated. 

Paul Gerrish. Portsmouth, 1719 ; letter to Mr. Henry Sharpe, paint- 
er in Boston. ^rm5, quarterly, 1st and 4th, a lion rampant ; 2d and 3d, 
three plates. Tinctures not indicated. 

This seal is badly broken, and there is a little doubt about the 2d and 
3d (juarterings, but we think this is right. 

Robert Gibbes. Philadelphia. Nov. 15, 1709; letter to Mr. David 
Jeffries. Round seal, three arrows ai'ranged perpendicularly ; not on a 
shield. 

L. Greenwood, or Geo. Hulk. London, March 15, 1085 ; bond of 
David Jeffries, Jr. to his cousin Jonathan Leigh, merchant of London, wit- 
nessed by Greenwood and Hulk, to one of whom the arms probably be- 
longed, as they are not those of either Leigh or Jeffries. Arms, three 
clarions. Tinctures not indicated. 

William Handley. Letter to I\^r. David Jeffries. Savannah, in Geor- 
gia, 3d July, 1709. Arms, a fesse between six mascles, three and three. 
Tinctures not indicated. 

John Hincks. Came over 1072 ; member of Provincial Council, 1083 ; 
of Andros's Council, 1087; President of the Council under Allen, 1095; 
suspended by Usher, 1097; recalled by Partridge, 1098; turned out by 
Allen and formally replaced by Lord Bellmont, 1099; Chief Justice of 
Supreme Court, 1099-1707. Newcastle, Feb. 20, 1094; letter to '-Mr. 
David Jeffries, merchant in Boston." Arms, a fesse between three roses. 
Crest, a bust facing forwaid. Tinctures not indicated. 

John Hodsden. Charleston, South Carolina, April 27, 1741 ; letter to 
Mr. David Jeffries, Jr. Arms, a greyhound statant. Tinctui-es not indicated. 

Robert Holden, of London, master of the Granville frigate. Boston, 
9tli Dec. 1703; power of attorney to Benjamin Davis, apothecary. Crooks 
Island, 7 April, 1704 ; letter to the same. The first has a crest, an ante- 
lo{)e's head erased and collared ppr. The letter has a shield too much 
broken to be read, surmounted by the same crest. 

The English family of Holden, of Cruttenden, bear this crest, and for 



1877.] Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts. 61 

arms, az. on a chevron or, between three spur-rowels ar. five gutters sa., 
in chief a crescent of the third. 

Ann Hubbard. See Kay. 

Natiianikl Hubbard, .Judge of Admiralty and of the Supreme Court. 
Bristol, July 4, and Dec. 11, 1729; letters to "the Hon. John Jeffries." 
Seal, a heart between two branches in saltire, not on a shield. 

Clement Hughes. Portsmouth, May 18, 1716, and April 12, 1717; 
letters " to Mr. John Jeffries of Boston." Crest, a demi-lion rampant and 
langued. 

George Hulk. See Greenwood. 

Edward Hull, of London. London, Feb. 9 and May 28, lG9o ; letters 
to " the worship"^^ John Usher, Esq., at his house in Boston." Arms, ar. a 
chevron erm. between three lions (or talbots ?) heads erased. Crest, within 
a wreath a lion (or talipots) head erased. 

Edward Hull, same as the above. London, 20th Aug. 1698 ; letter to 
same address as above ; remarkably clear impression. Arms, on a chevron, 
between three demi-iions passant three bezants, on a chief two piles. Tinc- 
tures not indicated. 

The English family of Hull of Surrey, bear, ar. on a chevron az. be- 
tween three demi-lions passant gu. as many bezants ; on a chief sa. two 
piles of the first. 

George Irwin. Boston, 1759 ; letter to David Jeffries, Esq. Crest, a 
demi-lion rampant. 

George Jaffrey, of Portsmouth, H. C. 1702, Speaker of the New 
Hampshire house. Councillor, &c. &c. Portsmouth, Aug. 4, 1780 ; letter to 
his brother-in-law, the Hon. John Jeffries of Boston. Round seal, a demi- 
lion rampant, not on a shield or wreath, 

George Jaffrey, of Portsmouth, son of the above, Councillor and 
Judge of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire ; treasurer of New 
Hampshire, 1776. Portsmouth, May 9 and 17, Sept. 11 and Dec. 8, 
1749 ; letters to the Hon. John Jeffries : and Aug. 10, 1749, July 9, 1758, 
and Feb. 18, 1762; letters to his brother-in-law, David Jeffries, Esq. ArmSf 
paly of six ar. and sa. over all a fesse of the first charged with three mul- 
lets of the second. Crest, the sun rising through a cloud ppr. 

These are the arms borne by the Jaffreys of Kings Wells, Scotland. 

George Jaffrey, the above. Portsmouth, March 13, 1753; letter to 
David Jeffries, Esq., asking him to have prepared, for the funeral of his 
sister, Mrs. Samuel Solly, eight " scutcheons," to be of the Solly and 
Jaffrey arms impaled. 

This seal is that of Solly. See that name. 

George Janvrin. Portsmouth, April 25, 1754; letter to Mr. David 
Jeffries. Hound seal, a ship between two castles. 

George Jarvis. London, July 18, 1712 ; letter to Mr. Henry Sharpe, 
painter in Boston. Hound poorly cut seal, a stag trippant ren verse. 

* David Jeffries, merchant of Boston, son of David Jeffries, of Castle 
Green, Esq.; came to New England 1677. Portsmouth, Sept. 16, 1718; 
letter to Mr. John Jeffries of Boston : Portsmouth, Aug. 20, 1718 ; contract 
with Elihu Gunnison to build two ships: and Boston, March 14, 1692-3; 
letter to Jjt.-Gov. Usher. Arms, sa. a lion rampant or, between three 
scaling ladders of the second. Crest, a castle or, the two end towers domed. 

These are the same arms as those borne by tlie family of Jeffries, of Clif- 
ton, Homecastle, co. Wore, England, and have been described in the Heral- 
dic Journal from silver of a much older date. 
VUL. XXXI. Q'*' 



62 Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, [Jan. 

David Jeffries, same as above. Several letters to Hon. John Jeffries, 
witli a round seal sliowinfj a bird. See also Greenavood. 

David Jeffries, son of the above, H. C. 1708. Boston, Sept. 3, 1711 ; 
letter to his brother, Mr. John Jeffries, merchant in London. Round seal, 
not a coat of arms. Three lions courant between two boughs, surrounded 
by an illegible motto. 

David Jeffries, son of tlie preceding, H. C. 1732, town treasurer of 
Boston. Letter to his mother, Portsmouth, July 17, 1740. Arms, illegi- 
ble. Crest, a castle, the two end towers domed. Tinctures not indicated. 

William Jennings, merchant of London. London, 18 Dec. 1674 ; letter 
to John Cooke of Oporto. Arms, three plummets. Crest, a demi-gritiia 
rampant, holding in his paw a plummet. Tinctures not indicated. 

Jenning, Lord Mayor of London, 1508, and of Yorkshire, bore ar. a 
cheveron gu. between three plummets sa. 

Nathaniel Kay. Newport, K. I., Feb. 23, 1727; letter to "the Hon. 
John Jeffries." Arms, two bendlets, impaling erm. a chevron. Crest, a 
bird. Tinctures, except of field of 2d coat, not indicated. Mrs. Kay speaks 
of her brother, Nathaniel Hubbard (who was an executor of her will to- 
gether with John Jeffries). It seems likely that the second coat is that of 
Hubbard. 

Several families in England of the name of Kay bore ar. two bendlets sa. 
The Kays of Pxlith- Weston, co. Rutland, and Woodsome, co. York, bore 
these arms, and for crest a goldfinch ppr. 

David Law. New-York, July 17, 1704; letter to Benjamin Davis of 
Boston. Round seed, two hearts pierced by an arrow and surmounted by 
a crown. 

Jonathan Leigh, merchant of London. London, 23d January, 1712; 
quit-claim to his cousin David Jeffries, Esq. Arms, a lion rampant. Crest, 
a demi-lion rampant. Tinctures not indicated. 

The family of Leigh, of West Leigh, in High Leigh, co. Chester, bore, or. 
a lion rampant gu. Crest, a demi-lion rampant or holding a pennon. 

Jonathan Leigh, same as the above. London, March 2, 1717 ; letter 
to John Jeffries, Esq. Round seal, a lion rampant. 

*Col. Charles Lidget, of Boston, imprisoned with Andros. May 12, 
168G; power of attorney from John Usher, Charles Lidget and Thaddeus 
Mackarty, to Jonathan Tyng to receive lands from Robert Tufton Mason. 
Arms, ar. a fesse wavy or, between three estoiles. Crest, a bust couped at 
the shoulders facing forward. vSee also Usher. 

Samuel Lillie, merchant of Boston. Obligation to David Jeffries and 
Charles Shepreeve, Boston, 25 Aug. 1709. Arms, or, a fesse cotised, in 
chief three lilies (?). Crest, a lily (?) 

Miss Felicia MacDonough, daughter of Thomas MacDonough, Esq., 
the first British Consul at Boston. Hingham, Dec. 1813; letter to John 
Jeffries, M.D. Seal, a bust of her father in official uniform. 

Thaddeus Mackarty, Artill. Co. 1G81 ; died 1705. Power of attorney, 
&c. See Lidget. Arms, ar. a buck trippant. Crest, an arm erect grasp- 
ing a sword impaling a lizard. 

McCarthy, Earl of Clancarty, bears ar. a buck trippant gu. attired or. 
Crest, an arm embowed gras[)ing a lizard. 

Capt. McGiLL. At sea 21st July, 1712, lat. 26^ 30"; letter to Messrs. 
Jeffries & Shepreeve. Seal, an Indian full length, in dexter hand a bow, 
in sinister hand an arrow. Very like the Colonial seal. 

John McKetchnie. Bowdoinham, March 24, 1767 ; letter to David 



1877.] Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, 63 

Jeffries, Esq. Arms^ a pale between two lions rampant. Aug. 4, 1762; 
letter to same address. Crest, a stork stalant. 

Makston of llemmelliemsted. On an old piece of paper a drawing of 
the arms and crest, and below it, in the handwriting of David Jeffries, Esq., 
** Marston of Hemmelhemsted in the County of Hertford, A°. 1G39." 
Arms, az. a chevron embattled or, between three lions' heads erased and 
crowned or. Crest, a lion's head erased, per chevron az. and or, crowned 
and langued gu. 

Patrick Martin, notary public. Charleston, S. C. June 2, 1711; act 
of protest. Arms, a chevron between two fleurs-de-lis, in chief a crescent. 
Crest, a bird rising to Hy. Tinctures not indicated. 

Alexander Maynard. Avierro, Feb. 10, 1G74; letter to John Cooke 
of Oporto. Arms, three sinister hands couped at the wrist, in chief a cres- 
cent for difference. Tinctures not indicated. Maynard of Brixden, co. 
Devon, bore, ar. three sinister hands couped at the wrist gu. 

George Maynard. Lix*"., March 2o and Nov. 11, 1673, and Jan. 16, 
1674; letters to Jolin Cooke of Oporto. Arms, a chevron between three 
sinister hands couped at the wrist. Crest, a stag statant. Tinctures not 
indicated. A letter, dated " Lixbon, 12*^ 8ber, 1675," has three impres- 
sions from different seals, one of which shows the chevrons to be or. 

Maynard, Viscount Maynard bears, ar. a chevron az. between three 
sinister hands couped at the wrist gu. Crest, a stag statant or. 

Maynard. PLxon, 18 June, 1678; letter to John Cooke of Oporto. 

The signature of this letter is eaten off, but the arms prove it to be from 
some member of the JMaynard famil3\ See above. Arms, three sinister 
hands couped at the wrist. Crest, a stag statant. Tinctures not indicated. 
Handwriting different from either G. or A. Maynard. 

Walter Mico. London, March 5, 1680; letter to Isaac Waldron of 
Boston. Anns, three Moors' heads couped, sidefaced. Crest, au arm couped 
holdinir a sword. Tinctures not indicated. 

Mico of London, according to Burke, bore arms, or, three Moors' heads 
couped sidefiiced sa. filleted round the temple ar. Crest, a hand issuing out 
of the clouds, holdiiig a sword p[)r. hilt and pommel or, charged on the blade 
with a Moor's head ppr. the point embrued of the last. 

Patrick Miln. See Walter Chapman. 

Patrick Miln. Kingston, Jamaica, June 4, 1707, and Feb. 3, 1706-7; 
letters to Thomas Clarke, merchant of Boston; signed by both INliln and 
Chapman. Arms, or, a cross molines between three mullets. Crest, an 
escallop. Tinctures of charges not indicated. 

Milne of Scotland bears, or, a cross molines az. pierced of the field, be- 
tween three mullets sa. 

John Moore, Jr. See Barberie. 

J. MouTY, merchant at Lisbon. July 3, 1708; invoice of goods to David 
Jeffries, Esq. Crest, a bull passant guardant. 

Samuel Munckley. Exon, Oct. 29 and Dec. 9, 1711 ; letter to Messrs. 
David Jeffries and Charles Shepreeve. Merchant's mark, on a shield an 
elongated figure 4, with a six pointed star at end of cross-bar, between 
the letters S and M, in base a fret. 

Thomas Newton, Attorney General at the witchcraft prosecutions. 
Judge of the Admiralty, Secretary of N. Hampshire, &c. Boston, Jan. 28, 
1689; letter to the Hon. John Usher, Esq.; shield badly broken. Cresty 

an arm vambraced and embowed, grasping a ? [It is hard to say what 

this was meant for ; perhaps a wand, or perhaps a shin-bone. J 



64 Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, [Jan. 

Newton, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, bears, two shin-bones in saltire. 
Crest, an arm vambraced and embowed, grasping a shin-bone. 

Bklchek Noyks, son of the Hon. Oliver Noyes by his 1st wife Ann 
Belcher. Chowan, N. Carolina, Feb. 19, 173^. /Sea/, very good impression 
of an antique male head. 

Catiikuine Noyks, daughter of John Eyre and widow of David Jeffries, 
2d wife of Oliver Noyes. July, 1722; obligation in relation to the Waldron 
mortgage to David Jeffries. Round seal, Cupid holding a bow in his left 
hand. 

Oliver Notes, son of the above. London, March 12, 1746; letter to 
Catherine Noyes. Crest, a holy lamb trippant. 

William Penny, merchant. Exon, June 6, 1678; letter to John Cooke 
of Oi)orto. Round seal, a phoenix. 

Nathaniel Pierce. Portsmouth, May 8, 1752, Sept. 5, 1751. and Feb. 
15, 1750. Letters to his brother-in-law, David Jeffries, Esq. Arms, an 
eagle displayed. Tinctures not indicated. 

Mijjor IcHABOD Plaisted, one of the Council of Mass. July 21, 1710; 
Lin, Dec. 1712, and Sept. 28, 1711; Portsmouth, Nov. 18, 1708, and April, 
1713, and Barwick, Nov. 26, 1713 ; letters to Messrs. David Jeffries & Co. 
Arms, a cross between four jjarbes. Tinctures not indicated. 

IciiABOD Plaisted, same as above. Dec. 6, 1706; letter to Messrs. 
David Jeffries & Co. Seal, a bird statant renverse. There are several 
letters with this seal. 

IciiABOD Plaisted, same as above. Portsmouth, July 20, 1711 ; letter 
to Messrs. David Jeffries and Charles Shepreeve. Seal, Cupid standing 
before an altar on which three hearts are burning, in sinister hand a bow, 
in dexter npraised hand a heart burning ; motto, " Un me sufit." 

John Plaisted, Speaker of N. H. House, 1695; Judge Supreme 
Court, 1699; Chief Justice, 1716; Portsmouth, Sept. 28, 1721, and same 
date 1722; letters to Messrs. John and David Jeffries. Arms, erm. three 
elephants' heads erased, ar. Crest, an elephant's head erased, ar. 

Mary Plaisted, wife of the above. Portsmouth, Nov. 9, 1716 ; letter to 
Messrs. Jeffi'ies and Shepreeve. Seal, a lion passant renverse. 

Capt. John Pounce. Lix*". 12th May, 1712; letter to Messrs. David 

Jeffries & Co. Arms, a ? over all an inescutcheon charged with five 

shields in cross. Tinctures not indicated. [The first charge is composed 
of four bars arranged in a square, the ends overlapping.] 

William Redeord. Portsmouth, Sept. 3 and Oct. 8, and Newcastle, 
Nov. 19, 1694; letters to Governor Usher. Arms, three bars and a canton. 
Crest, out of a coronet a lion's head erased and langued. Tinctures not 
indicated. 

Sir John Rogers, Bart. Plymouth, Eng., Jan. 7, 1690 ; letter to David 
Jeffries, Esq., announcing his elevation to a baronetcy. Arms, a chevron 
between three bucks courant. Crest, a buck courant. Tinctures not 
indicated. 

Buike gives as his arms, ar. a chevron gu. between three bucks courant sa. 
attired and gorged with ducal coronets or. Crest, a buck courant sa. 

'''^GuRDON Saltonstall, Governor of Conn., 1707-24. New London, 
June 1 and 7, 1699, and July 13 and Sept. 1700; letters to Benj. Davis. 
Arms, a bend between two eagles displayed. Crest, a pelican's head 
vulniiig its breast. Tinctures not indicated. 

Burke gives as the arms: or, a bend between two eagles displayed sa. 
Crest, as above, azure. 



1877.] Seals from the Jeffries Munusc7npts, 65 

Thomas Sandford. London, Feb. 14 and March 5, 172J; letters to 
Mr. Thomas Clarke. Arms, per chevron ar. and erm., in chief two boars' 
heads couped. Crest, a boar's head couped. 

Burke gives as the arms of Sandford: per chevron sa. and erm., in chief 
two boars' heads couped or. Crest, a boar's head couped or. 

Henry Sharpe, painter, of Boston. 1713 ; bond to David Jeffries, Esq., 
signed by John Brand and Henry Sharpe. Two impressions of a round 
seal, an antique helmeted head. 

Col. Samuel Siirimpton, one of the Council of Safety, 1G80 ; power of 
attorney to Jonathan Tyng [see Dudley]. Seal, an antique male head. 

English Smith. Nov. 8, 1684; letter to Governor Usher. Arms, 
quarterly, 1st and 2d, a chevron between three torteaux ; 3d, an estoile ; 
4th, a lion rampant. Crest, between the horns of a crescent, a torteaux. 
Tinctures not indicated. 

Rev. John Smith. New York, Feb. 14 and Aug. 6, 1728 ; letters to Mrs. 
Koyes. Arms, ar. three spears in pale (sa. ?), a chief chequy ar. and (sa. ?). 
Crest, a sea lion passant. 

Richard Smith, a member of Andros's Council. Rochester, 18th Feb. 
168| ; letter to Lt. Governor Usher. Arms, a chevron between three 
leopards' faces. Tinctures not indicated clearly, but the chevron looks as 
if it might be or. 

Samuel Solly, Councillor of New Hampshire. Sandwich, March 17, 
1752, and London, April 18, 1751 ; letters to David Jeffries, Esq., the 
latter speaking of buying him a portrait of his gt. gr. father David Jeffries, 
Esq., father of David Jeffries, whose seal we have above. See also George 
Jaffrey. Arms, vert a chevron or, between three sole fish aneant, of the 
second. Crest, a sole fish aneant. 

Sole of Bobbing Place, co. Kent, bore, ar. a chevron gu., between three 
sole fish hauriant, within a bordure engrailed, gu. 

S. Starkey. Nov. 15, 1695, and three letters in 1696 ; letters to Colonel 
Lidget. Arms, a stork statant. Crest, a stork's head erased, holding in the 
beak a snake. Tinctures not indicated. 

The English family of the name bear, ar. a stork, sa. membered gu. 
Crest, a stork's head erased, per pale ar. and sa., holding in the beak gu. a 
snake vert. 

William Stonesbrie. London, March 9, 1678; quitclaim to Isaac 
Waldron. Hound seal, a lamb with a cross over its shoulder. 

Hillary Stringer, " Dep^ Comp'" and Survey^ of his Maj"^' Customs" 
in Virginia. March 29, 1687 ; letter to the Hon. John Usher, Esq. Seal, 
a harp. 

Hillary Stringer, same as the above. April 10, 1676; letter to 
Mr. John Usher. Seal, a peculiar crustacean-like animal. 

Taylor. See Chauncy. 

*Temple. Boston, April 4, 1710; Clearance papers of the Brigantine 
Pearl, written in Latin ; signed by " David Jeffries, D. Collecf," and 
sealed with what he calls his official seal ; but the arms are really those of 
Temple. Arms, two bars, each charged with three martlets. Crest j on a 
ducal coronet a martlet. Tinctures not indicated. 

The full blazon of the arm is " ar. two bars sa., each charged with three 
martlets or. Crest, on a ducal coronet a martlet or. 

T. Thacher. Oporto, May 13, 1712; letter to Messrs. David Jeffries 
& Co. Seal, a double-headed eagle displayed. 

Arthur Thayer. Dorchester, Feb. 9, 1791 ; letter to John Jeffries, 
M.D. Arms, a chevron between three ravens, impaling a lion rampant 



66 Seals from the Jeffries Manuscripts, [Jan. 

reiiverse. Crest, a martlet holding in its beak a rose. Tinctures not in- 
dicated. 

Charles Trubshaw. 4th May, 1698; letter to "Mr. David JefFerys." 
Arms, quarterly, 1st and 4th three mullets, 2d and 3d plain field. Tinctures 
not indicated. 

Prudence and Richard Turner. Exon, Nov. 10, 1711 ; letter to 
Messrs. David Jeffries and Charles Shepreeve. Arms, a chevron ermine 
between three (?), on a chief a lion passant. Crest, a griffin passant. 
Tinctures, except of chevron, not indicated. 

Jonathan Tyng. See Wanalansett. 

Unknown. On the covering of a missing letter, directed to "The Hon. 
John Jeffries, Esq." Crest, a griffin's head erased and langued. 

Unknown. London, Aug. 6, 16 — [Signature and rest of date eaten 
off] ; letter to Mr. John Usher. Arms, too much broken to be read. Crest, 
a demi-griffin rampant. 

Rev. John Usher. Letter to John Jeffi^ies, Esq. Bristol, 2 Nov. 1733. 
Seal, a crown over a rose and thistle. 

*Col. John Usher, Member ot Andros Council; Treasurer, &c., of N. 
Eng. 1686; Lt. Governor of New Hampshire, 1692-7 and 1704-15; Artill. 
Co. 1673; Representative, 1672; Col. of the Boston Regiment, &c. &c. 
April 26, 1723 ; letter to his son-in-law David Jeffries, Esq. Arms, ar. 
three lions' jambes sa. Crest, a lion's jambe sa. holding a wand ar. 

These are the arms of Usher of Fetherston, co. York. 

Col. John Usher, same as the above. Power of attorney to Jonathan 
Tyng (see Lidget). 

Here Col. Usher used the Lidget arms, as already described, but from a 
different seal from that used by his brother-in-law Col. Lidget. 

*Margaret Vassall, daughter of William Vassall of Boston, Esq. 
Bristol, E)ng., Jan. 23, 1786; letter to John Jeffries, M.D. Arms, azure, 
in chief a sun, in base a chalice or. Crest, sl vessel masted, rigged and 
flagged ppr. 

These are the well known arms of the Vassalls of New England, and 
through them of the present family in England. 

Richard \¥aldron, Representative in Boston, 1691 and 2; of the 
Royal Council of N. H. 1691; Militia Officer and Judge. Portsmouth, 
16th May, 1687; letter "To the Hon. John Usher, Esq." ^rms, three 
bulls' heads cabossed. Tinctures not indicated. 

Wanalansett, " Sachem of the Merrimack Indians ; son and heir of 
old Passaconaway, Chief Sachem of the Merrimack Indians, &c." 

Oct. 10, 1685; two deeds of land to Jonathan Tyng. Against his marks 
are seals showing a martlet, probably the Tyng crest. 

Samuel Wentworth, merchant of Portsmouth. Portsmouth, 1757; 
letter to his cousin David Jeffries, Esq. Arms, sl chevron between three 
leopards' faces. Crest, a griffin passant. Tinctures not indicated. 

The Wentworths of N. England, as well as the Wentworths Pearls of 
Strafford, the Wentworths of Wentworth Woodhouse, &c., bore sa. a chevron 
between three leopards' faces or. Crest, a griffin passant or. 

R. West. London, Aug. 22, 1694; letter to Col. Lidget. Arms, a 
fesse dancettee. 

The Wests, Earls De la Warr, bore ar. a fesse dancettee sa. 

Stephen Wesendonek. London, 15th March, 1694; letter to Lt. 
Gov. Usher. Seal, an antique male head. 

Richard Wharton. Power of attorney, &c. [See Dudley.] Arms, 
a maunch. Crest, a bull's head couped. Tinctures not indicated. 



1877.] Documents from the Gerrish Manuscripts. 67 

The English families of the name bear the same charge, but vary the 
tinctures ; the Whartons of Cumberland bear sa. a mauuch ar. Crest, a 
bull's head erased sa. armed or. 

B. Williams, merchant of London. London, 1st January, 1689 ; letter 
to David Jeffries, li^sq. Arms, Barry of twelve, on a chief three lions ram- 
pant. Tinctures not indicated. Another letter without date from tlie same 
person to Col. Lidget has for seal a monogram surrounded by a circular 
wreath of flowers. 

TiioiMAS WiBiKD (?) From a fra'j^ment of an account of the " Pinke 
Mary, Thos. Wibird, Master, 1707." Arms, on a field a cross fretty. 
Tinctures not indicated. 



DOCUMENTS FROM THE GERRISH MANUSCRIPTS. 

Communicated by Mrs. Isabella James, of Cambridge. 
[Continued from voL xxx. pnge 82.] 

II. — Pardon by Gov. Ckanfik.ld. 
The Gerrish MSS. contain the original of the following document, with 
the autograph of the notorious Gov. Cranfield. It is interesting as a relic 
of Gove's insurrection in 1(583. See Belknap's History of New-IIanipshire, 
vol. i. pp. lo7 and 158. The name is there printed llely ; in the original it 
IS twice written lloly.^ 

New Hampshire in ^ 

New England j By the Govern' 

Whereas His Most Excel*. Ma'^ our Sover" Lord Charles y' Second 
King of Engl*^ Scott^ ffrance & Irel*^ Defend' of y" flfaith &c. Hath by 
His Royal Commission under the Great Seal of England bearing date y* 
y*^ of JMay in y*^ 'd\^^ year of His Ma'^ Raign among 
Edw. Cranfield. other things required & corlianded me Edward Cransfield 
Esq'. His Ma*' Lieuten*. Govern', and Coiriand'. in 
chief of this Province to do & execute all things in due manner that shall 
belong to my Comand & the Trust by his JNLi*^. reposed in me according to 
such further Powers & Instructions as shall at any time thereafter be 
granted & appointed me under His Ma*'. Signet & Sign matuial : And 
whereas by His Ma** Royal Instructions signified in His Ma*^ Letter bear- 
ing date y^ ffourth day of Setemb' last I am impowered to pardon and re- 
mit to such persons as at a Court held by special Coiiiiss°. of Oyer & ter- 
miner for the Trial of E)dward Gove & them were convicted of Treason as 
Conspirators with the sd Gove or so many of them as I shal see cause. All 
their s*^ Crimes & oflences of Treason & conspiracies & all penalties & for- 
feitures thereby incurred with such conditions & limitations or as amply & 
fully as to me shal seem meet. I therefore the s^ P2dward Cranfield in 
pursuance of the said Royal Cornissiou & Instructions, Do hereby pardon 
& remit to William Holy of Hampto » in y® sd. Province Labourer, One 
of the persons convict of Treason at the sd. Court held by special Corniss". 
of Oyer & terminer viz : the tfirst day of ffebr*. last past in y® year of y" 
Lord 1682, All his s*^ crimes & offences of Treason & Conspiracy, & all 
mailer of Treasons & Conspiracies, & all penalties & forfeitures for the same. 
Given under my hand & the Seal of y* Province y'' Eightb day of ffebr. 
1683. To Will Holy of 

Hampton Labour'. 

* We have before us a copy of this document by another correspondent, who reads the 
name, iu both instances, Hely. — ^Ed. 



G8 Pemhr^ohe Marriages, [Jan. 



MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED IN PEMBROKE, MASS., 
BY THE REV. THOMAS SMITH, 1755-1787. 

Communicated by H. H. Edes, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

THE following list is thought to contain a complete record of all 
the marriages solemnized by the Rev. Thomas Smith during 
his ministry in Pembroke. It was copied by me from what ap- 
peared to have been jNIr. Smith's original minutes, kept in a book of 
accounts, still in the possession of his descendants, where I discov- 
ered them by accident during a visit to the present owner of the 
volume. From these minutes returns were made in due form to the 
town clerk, at proper intervals, as indicated in the following pages, 
which are as near a facsimile of the original record as modern type 
can make them. The manuscript was in some places nearly illegi- 
ble by reason of the fading of the ink, and of the careless manner 
in which these minutes were jotted down. Several entries about 
which a doubt existed as to my own rendering, were drawn off and 
sent to Mr. George H. Ryder, the present town clerk of Pembroke, 
with a request that he would verify or correct my transcript by the 
town books. To this request a most courteous reply was returned, 
which enables me to present in print an accurate copy of the entire 
manuscript by which the proof has been corrected. 

The Rev. Thomas Smith, whom the biographical dictionaries 
dismiss with a few lines when mentioning liim at all, was a man of 
note in his day and generation, and sprang from an honored ances- 
try ; while the family into which he married was of even more dis- 
tino:uished extraction. His emiojrant ancestor was the Rev. John 
Smith, ^ who was early located in Barnstable, where in 1643 he 
married Susannah Hinckley, a sister of Gov. Thomas Hinckley, 
joined the church Oct. 13, 1644, and still later was settled over the 
parish as its pastor; but "being disliked" by his gubernatorial bro- 
ther-in-law, — so the record reads, — he withdrew to Long Island, 
thence to New Jersey, and finally returned to the Old Colony, suc- 
ceeding, in 1658, the Rev. William Leverich in the Sandwich pulpit. 
His ministry was harassed by dissensions and party strife, and he 
laid down his charge in 1688, at the age of seventy-four, after a 
service of thirty years. '^ 

* By a deposition of his, taken in the settlement of some probate matters, quoted in 
Freeman's History of Cai)e Cod (ii. 80), it appears that lie was son of Tliomas Smith, of 
Brinsjnttae (a place I fail to locate npon an}'^ map at my command),* said to he about live 
miles from Dorchester, in Dorsetshire; was now, " Fel)n'.ary 8, I60I, in Barnstable » * * 
only son and heir, supposeth his age about 37 it being, next May, 21 years since he camo 
out of Fiiighind," and that he haii sisters Hannah and Tuiuson then living in England. 
It would seem, therefore, that he was born in or about 1G14, and came to New England in 
1630. 

2 Vide Freeman's History of Cape Cod, 1. 80. 

* Adams's " Index Villarfs " (od. 1080) pives Rrinspudol in Dorsetshire, Lat. 50"' 49', Long. S" 20' 
W., probably the place now called Bryant's riddle, a tythiug in the parish of Aff riddle— Eu, 



1877.] 



Pemhrohe Marriages. 



69 



Mr. Smith was the fiither of thirteen children, the last of whom 
was Joseph Smith, who was born December 6, 1667. He lived at 
Barnstable, where, April 29, 1689, he married Anna Fuller, who 
died July 2, 1722. By her he had fourteen children^ — among whom 
was Thomas, the minister at Pembroke — and died March 4, 1746. 

The Rev. Thomas Smith was born in Barnstable, Feb. 6, 1705-6, 
and graduated at Harvard College in 1725. In 1729 he succeeded 
the Kev. Daniel Greenleaf as pastor of the church in Yarmouth, 
where he labored for twenty-five years. In 1754 he requested a 
dismission, " leaving for lack of competent support," and accepted 
a call to Pembroke, where he was installed as the successor of the 



Rev. Daniel Lewis, 
four 



Dec. 4, 1754. His ministry continued thirty- 
years, during which time the meeting-house was enlarged. 
He preached until his sight failed, and died July 7, 1788, in the 
eighty-third year of his age. The Rev. Morrill Allen, lately de- 
ceased, one of his successors in the Pembroke pulpit, speaks of him 
as a fine scholar, and the most distinguished man who had ever been 
settled in the town. 



Mr. Smith was 


married Aug. 28, 17 


34, to Judith Miller, who 


was born Aug. 23 


,1716. She brought 


him these twelve children, 


and died July 31, 


1785 


». 






i. Marj^, 


born 


May 


18, 1735, in Yarmouth. 


ii. Josiah, 


u 


Feb. 


26, 1738, 


ii 


iii. Joseph, 


ii 


Nov. 


22, 1740, 


ii 


iv. Thomas, 


ii 


July 


24, 1742, 


ii 


v. Joshua, 


ii 


July 


27, 1744, 


a 


vi. Nathaniel, 


ii 


May 


29, 1746, 


" d. Dec. 26, 1746. 


vii. Judith, 


ii 


Nov. 


4, 1747, 


a 


viii. Thankful, 


ii 


Feb, 


26, 1749, 


a 


ix. Nathaniel, 


ii 


Feb. 


16, 1752, 


ii 


X. Edward, 


ii 


May 


16, 1754, 


a 


xi. Catharine, 


ii 


March 


21, 1756, it 


I Pembroke. 


xii. Christophe] 


V, " 


Dec. 


22, 1757, 


ii 



The Rev. John Miller, who was early of Roxbury, and by some 
writers is thought to have been of Dorchester likewise, came to New 
England in 1634, bringing his wife Lydia and son John. He was 
bred at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he took his 
A.B. in 1627, and in the Magnalia is included by Mather in his 
'* j^r^^ classis." While in Roxbury he was an elder of Eliot's church. 
From 1639 to 1641, he was an "assistant" to the Rev. Ezekiel 
Rogers, at Rowley, where he also filled the office of town clerk. In 
the latter year he received and declined a call to the Woburn church, 
and in 1642, on account of his health, declined a mission to Virginia, 

^ Vide ante, vol. iii. 275. 

2 We liope to pix'sent to our renders, in the April number, a trnnscriptof Mr. Lewis's ori- 
ginal record of admissions to the Pemb oke church from its fi undation in 1712, to the clos€ 
of his ministry in 17o3, together with other interesting items relating to the church. — Ed. 

VOL. XXXI. 7 



70 Pemhrolce Marriages, [Jan. 

on which it was proposed to associate with him the Kev. George 
Phillips, of Watertown, and the Rev. William Thompson, of Brain- 
tree. The same year he was a grantee of Newbury. Johnson, 
in his Wonder- Working Providence, says that he remained in Row- 
ley till called to Yarmouth, whither he went about 1646, as the 
successor of the famous Marmaduke Matthews. After the death 
of his wife, which occurred in Boston, Aug. 7, 1658,^ he seems 
to have preached "where any temporary want existed," until about 
the time of the settlement of Groton, whither he appears to have 
gone with the first settlers of the town, or to have followed them 
immediately, for a vote of the inhabitants, passed March 18, 
1662—3, requested the Rev. John Miller "to continue with them," 
4f he was " moved " to do so ; while by another vote of the same 
date, lands were assigned to him. His ministry in Groton was short, 
as he died June 12, 1663, and was succeeded by the Rev. Samuel 
Willard, who was ordained July 13, 1664. He is said to have been 
a man of high literary attainments. 

Mr. Miller had several children born at different places ; but it 
is his son John Miller, born in England, in March, 1631—2, in 
whom we are most interested. On the 24th of December, 1659, 
he was married to Margaret Winslow, daughter of the first Josiah 
Winslow, and niece of Gov. Edward Winslow, who was born July 
16, 1640. He settled in Yarmouth, where he filled various oflSces of 
trust, and was frequently its representative in the General Court. 
He was the father of eleven children, and died in the home of his 
adoption in June, 1711, at the age of 79. 

JosiATi Miller, son of John and Margaret (Winslow) Miller, was 
born in Yarmouth, Oct. 27, 1679, and was very prominent in the 
public affairs of the town. Aug. 13, 1708, he married Mary 
Crosby, who was born April 14, 1678, and died in Pembroke, Feb. 
15, 1772, at the advanced age of nearly 94 years. Her husband 
had died more than forty years before in Yarmouth, April 15, 1729. 
Judith Miller, before mentioned as the wife of the Rev. Thomas 
Smith, was their daughter. 

MARRIAGES. 

Newel to Rebecca ^PFarland Folio 

Dec^"" 1755. James Bonny to Keturah Bishop. -^1^ 

1756. July 22^. Hudson Bishop to Abigail Stetson. 
John Ford J"' to Mary Baker. 

Ebenezer Cain to Mary Tubbs. 

1757. Thomas Tyrrel to Lucy Taylor, Feb. 14. 
1757. Nov^' 17'^ Jethro Hector to Sylva Molatto. 
1757. Ichabod Richmond to Abigail Ford. 

1757. Dec. 29. Nehemiah Ramsden to Rebecca Chamberlain. 

Packard to Ruth Bonny. 

* Lydia, wife of Mr. John Miller, minister of Yarmouth, died, at the house of Thomas 
Bumstead, of Boston, the 7th of August, 1658. — (Boston Records.) 



1877.] Pembroke Marriages, 71 

March T\ 1758. Prince Keen to Elizabeth Ford. 
July 20. 1758. Job Clap to Penelope Hatch. 
Novembr C''. David Philips to Lydia Hatch. 
1759. Jan. 4'\ Benj. Samson to Deborah dishing. 
1759. May 20'\ Robert Barker to Betty Turner. 

1759. October P'. Isaac Lane to Sarah Hatch. 
July SO***. Edward King to Alice Perry. 
Nov^"" 12. John Chubbuck to Lydia Crooker. 

Thomas Church to Ilnldah Soul, Febr. 24, 1760. 

1760. June L')^^ Josiah Smith to Mary Barker. 

1760. July 10"\ Charles Josselyn to Rebec Keen, y^ 3^ 
1760. Sept. 14*^. Ichabod Bonny to Mary Turner. 
1760. October 15. W" Hearsey to Patience Bisbe. 
1760. October 27. Isaack Little to Lydia Hatch. 

1760. Asa Bearse to Mary Randal 3'\ Nov''^ 27. 

1761. Freedom Chamberlain to Deb. Turner, Jan. 8*^. 
1761. Ichabod Thomas to Ruth Turner, Jan. 22^. 
1761. Mathevv Stetson to Mary Randal, Feb. 5. 



3761. Ebenezer Barker to Priscilla Loring, April 2^^. 

1761. Abishar Stetson to Crooker, April 16*\ 

1761. Joseph Taylor to Thaidvful Clark. May 3^. 
1761. Pool Spear to Christina Turner, j\I:iy'lO'\ 
1761. Joshua Turner J"' to Betty Benker, June 22^ 
1761. Thomas Randal to Deborah Barker J"^ Sept. 10. 
1761. Nathaniel Cushing to Lucy Turner, Sept. 24. 
1761. j Isaac Ford to Lucy Josselyn. 

I Perez Sampson to Mary Taylor, Octbr P*. 
1761. j Lemuel Bonny to Lucy Bonny. 

1761. I Nathaniel Stetson to Sarah IMshop, December 3. 

1762. Janry 7^\ Joseph Dwelle to Mary M'^goon. 
1762. Feb. 18. Asa Keen to Zilpah Hatch. 
1762. W"' Ilayford to Betty Bonny, March 11. 

I762] Caleb Howland to Deb. Oldham, May 2^ 

1762. Jesse Lapham to Mercy Randal, Nov*"" 25. 

1763. Feb"^ 24^ Jedediah Dwelle to Lydia Soule. 
1763. April 28. Diman Perry to Nabbe Cushing. 

Carried to Town Clck. 

1763. June 2*^. J""^ Mitchel to Rispha Richards. 
1763. Oct^-^ 13'\ Robert M'^lathlin to Mary Keen. 
Oct^'" 18*^ Adam Turner to Chloe Bonny. 

1763. Nov^' 28*\ Isaac Hatch to Sarah Cushing. 

1764. Febr 22^ Jonathan Turner to Hannah Ford J". 
1763. Decem. 6*^. Danil Tubbs to Hannah White. 

1763. Will Standish to Abigail Stetson, Decemb' 8. 

1764. March 8. Seth Fuller to Deborah Ford. 

1764. March 22^ Sylvanus Cook [of Kingston] to Sarah Barstow. 

1764. Thomas Curlew to Mary Russel, July ^S'^ 

1765. Abel Russel to Lydia Garnet, May 7*^ 1765. 
1765. Abner Mesroon to Ruth Briojjs, Oct. 14. 
1765. Ezra Lawrence to Mol Geofry, Sept. 26. 

1765. Nath Winslow to Sarah Hatch J"'", Nov. 21«* Folio 

1766. Tho« Lincoln to Lydia Randal, Febr 13*^ i|2 



72 Pembroke Marriages, [Jan, 

John Jordan to Chloe Tubbs, Feb. 23. 
Daniel Bonny to Elizabeth Burton, May 15. 
Robert Page to Susannah Bennet, May 26. 
1766. Elisha Hatch to Bettsy Howland, August 7*\ 



1766. Nov. 13. Rev^ Isaiah Dunster to Mary Smith. 
December 8. Amariah Goodwin to Thankful Russel. 

1767. Jan. 8'\ Thomas Barker to Olive Ford. 
29 Jan. Ichabod Bearse to Eunice Witherel. 

7 April. Stephen Richardson to Mercy Darling. 



1767. 
October 29. Zelek Basset to Huldah Garnet. 
Dec. 10. Lemuel Church to Susannah Baker, 
-p^ ^. Sam'l Jermings to Keziah Bearse.* 

Amos Withrel to Ruth Stetson. 
Mrch 1. Apollos Cushman to Eleanor Keen. 
Mrch 10. Japhet Crooker to Lydia Turner. 
Mrch 18. Joseph Turner to Elizabeth Crooker. 

May. Windsor to 

June 14. Nathaniel Turner to Sarah Roofers. 

July 7*^. James Glover to Rachel Bonny. 

Nov. 24. Stockbridge Josseyln to Olive Standish. 

1769. May 23«^. Joseph Peirce to OlifF Fish. 

June 15*^ Daniel Oldham to Withrell. 

Nov^"^ 1 6. Ebenezer Beerse to Lydia Jennings. 

Sept. 28. Hezekiah Bryant to Debrah Crooker- 

Dec^'" 25. Joshua Withrel to Mary Standish. 

1770. 
Jan. 18. Simeon Nash to Hulda Bates. 

r Joseph Ramsden to Elizabeth Barker^ 
Feb. 1. X and 

(_ Thomas Crooker to Nabby Randal. 
15. James Cox to Ruth M'^goon. 
Mrch 26. Thomas Cooke to Hannah Lincoln. 
June 10. John Thomas to Sarah Loring. 
Sept. 16. Zadock Reed to Lucee Garnet. 
Octo. 22. Shubael Butler to Hannah Garnet. 
Nov. 22. Caleb Barstow to Sylvina M'^goon. 

1771. 
April 25. Melzer Curtis to Keziah Hall. 
May 30. Caleb Tilden to Joanna Barker. 
Sept. VK Nath^ Loring J"-^ to Sarah Baker y^ 3^. 
Octo. 31. David Crooker J"' to Ursula Turner. 
Nov. 20. Benj. Barns to Luciana Ramsden. 
Nov. 21. Isaack Brewster to Leonice Soul. 

Philip Turner to Judith Hatch. 
Dec^"" l"^. Ephraim Lindsay to Ann Bonny. 

1772. 
Janry 16*\ W™ Reading to Elizabeth Bates. 
Mrch 19. Benj. Cox to Deborah Russel. 
April 30. Isaiah Cushing to Lydia Fish J°^ 



* This entry and that following are opposite '* Dec. 24." 



1877.] 



Pemhrolce Marriages, 



73 



May 17. 
Octo. 1^ 

August 5. 
August 19. 
Sept. 5. 
Ditto. 
Octo. 1G'\ 
Decembr 30. 

1774. 

all in ye 
Back page 
have been 
returned 
to ye Clerk 



Eben Crook. 

er to Cloe 

Gardner, 

Wov, 25, 1773. 

omitted in 

former 

list- 

23*^ Novmbr. 



Feb. l-*. 
March 14. 
Ditto 28. 
May 5. 

May 16. 
Nov. 7'^ 

Janry 13. 
Jan^y 23. 
March 13. 
Sept. 14. 
Nov^"- 20. 
Dec. 25. 

Mrch 15. 
June 25. 
Octo. 1"^ 
Decembr 
Decembr 24. 



3^ 



Jan'^ T\ 
Mrch 18. 
May 20. 
June 6. 
July 8. 
July 25. 
August 18. 
Nov. 2. 
Nov. 23. 
Nov^'^ 25. 
Dec. 8. 
Decern. 23. 

VOL. XXXI. 



Moses House [of Marshfield] to Lydia Russel. 
Ebenezer Man to Ursula Randal J"'. 

1773. 
Lemuel Crooker to Rachel Foster. 
Constant Little to Sarah Barker J°^ 
Zebulun Buker to Debrah Randal. 
Maurice Tubbs to Betty Randal. 
Isaac Tubbs to Hannah Crooker. 
Diman Perry to Susannah Lincoln. 

John Randal to Sarah Eames, June 9, 1774 Folio 

Sam' Rider to Regi^y Keen, June 19, 1774. ^2f 

Sam' Chandler to Rebecca Darling, Octo. 27*^ 1774. 
Abel Nash to Susannah Tracy, Decern. 15*^^. 

1775. 

Jan. ll*'^ Eleventh. Asher Keen to Desire TVitherel. 

Feb. 21''. P^benezer Withrel to Rebecca Macfarland. 
Joseph M^^goon to Sarah M'^goon. 

Andrew Bradford to IMary Turner 3*^. 

177G. 
Isaack M*^goon to Lydia M^^Farland. 
Isaiah Stetson to Susa Bonney. 
Nathaniel Randal to Deborah Stetson J"^ 
Job Turner to Sarah James. 
Eliphalct Bishop to Pvlizabeth Tubbs. 
James Sprague J""" to Lydia Barker. 

1777. 
Elijah Baker to Mary Wittemore. 
William Cushiiiij to Abii^ail Turner J"'. 
Caleb Lapliam to Sarah Fish. 
Philip Turner to Mercy Turner. 
Elisha Briijo-s to Laurentia Hall. 
Sam^ Loring to Prudence Chapman. 

1778. 
Nathaniel Fish to Mary Leavit. 
Abiel Sherman to Lydia Walker. 
Benjamin Highland to Content Lincoln. 
Edward Stevens J""* to Mchetabel Newberry. 
David Man to Elizabeth Bates. 

1779. 
Jacob Tubbs J""" to Desire Crooker J". 
Lemuel Little to Mary Lapham. 
Jesse Torrey to Mary Chamberlain. 
Nathaniel Bishop to Abigail Bearse J". 
Joseph Byron to Alice Garnet. 
Perry Harden to Moll-Swan-Keen. 
Daniel Russel to Susanna M'^Farland. 
Ebenezer Whitman 3^ to Ruth Delano- 
John Lowden to Hannah Gould. 
Zacheus Fish to Rachel Stetson. 
Ezra Warren to Saba Tirrel. 
Alexander Garnet to Ruth Tubbsv 
7* 



Feb. 


24. 


May 
June 


26. 


July 
July 
July 


6. 
13. 


July 
Aug' 


26. 
17. 


Sept. 
Octo, 


, 3. 
. 1. 


Nov. 


23. 


Nov. 


30. 


Decern. 7*^ 


Sept. 7»^ 
Octobr. 7. 


Octobr 25. 


Nov. 


15. 


Nov. 


25. 



74 I^embroke Marriages. [Jan, 

1780. 

Jolin Briggs J"^ to Hannah Bearse J". 

Jesse Turner to Batlisheba Lapham. 

AVait Ford to Hannah Loring. 

Joseph Honney to Sylvina Richards. 

Sam' Peterson to Lydia Cowin. 

Joshua Keen J"' to Lydia Crooker. 

Josepli Sherman to Sylvester Josselyn. 

Isaac Foster J"'^ to Urania Taylor. 

Comfort Bates J"^ to Nabby INPgoon. 

Amos Hatch to Hannali Philips. 

Charles Ford to Polly Bisbe. 

Hadly Standish to Nabby Garnet. 

Thomas Nash to Betty man. 

All y® above returned to the Town Clerk. 
1781. 

Bille Ford to Lucene Howland. 

Noah Bonney to Nancy Tory — Octo. 7. 

Joshua M*^govvn to Sylvina Stetson. 

Gideon Thomas White to Sarah Crooker. 

Tilden Crooker to Priscilla Barker J"". 
Decembr O*'^. Isaac Thomas to Catharine Smith. 
Decembr 13. James Barstow to Sarah Leavit. 
26. Elisha P\irner to Sarah Keen. 

1782 Folio 

Janry 1. Joseph Smith to Bathsheba Torrey. ^|^ 

Janry 6. Daniel Baker to Priscilla Loring J"'. 

Janry 31. Thomas Fish to Ursula Crooker J"^ 

July 2^^. Seth Perry to Hannah Josselyn J°'. 

July 4'^ Nathan Stetson to Bethia Crooker. 

August 1'*. Joseph Bobbins to Lucy Cushing Both of Hanover. 

Sept. 1 2. Sam' Webb to Betty Baker. 

Nov. 27. Richard Withrel to Sally Randal. 

Decem 1*'. Abel Stetson to Sally Oldham. 

Decem. 12. James Brand to Hannah Ned. 

1783. 
Feb' 20. Isaack Tubbs to Betty Tubbs. 
Feb' 27. John Young to Leah Bonny. 
July 17. Sam' Klles to Lydia Josselyn. 
Sept. 18. Luther Samson to Abigail Foord. 
Octobr 2. Isaac Walker to Lydia Dowse. 
Decembr 11. Harris Hatch to Deborah Chamberlain J"'. 

1784. 
Janry 22^. John Chubbuck to Mary Forster. 

D" Lemuel Keen to Mary Josselyn. 

Apiil 8. John Tolman to Dorothy Hall. 

Aj)ril 22^. Arannah Fullington to Lyllis Stetson. 
May 9'^ Jesse Delano to Margaret Leavit. 
July 15. Christopher Thomas to Iluldah Dwelle. 

Novmbr 14. Ichabod Thomas J'"" to Polly Tiiomas. 
Novmbr 25. John Josselyn to Lucy Lowden. 
Decembr 16. Isaiah Bonny to Aphia Pompele. 



1877.] The Slave Trade in Massachusetts, 75 

Decembr 30. Isaack Fish to Deborah Fish. 

All y° above Returned to y® Town Clerk. 

1785. 
March 2^. Jacob Peterson to Betse Turner J'''. 
March 31'*. Winslow Turner to Molly Standish. 
April 24. Christopher Pierce to Lydia M'^goon. 
June 30. Fredom Chamberlain J""" to Priscilla Josselyn. 
Novembr 27. Alanson Carver to Huldah Barstow. 

1786. 
Febry 23. John Lowden to Ruth Josselin. 
March 9*^ Seth Sampson to Apple Pompelie. 
April 23. Tho" M^gown to Priscilla Barker. 

1787. 
March 15. Lot Foord to Naomi Lapham. 
July 26. Benjaman Tolman to Rebecka Lincoln. 

1786 December Folio 

Richard Hite to Suke Osgood. ^®* 

Auofust. 1787. Uriah lues to Sarah Samson. 

October 28. 1787. Jonathan Bonney to Peggy Torrey. 
Novem 29*^ 1787. William Briggs to Nabby Briggs. 



THE SLAVE TRADE IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

Communicated by Frederic Kidder, Esq., of Melrose. 

THE follovy^ing document is copied from the "Jeffries Manu- 
scripts," by permission of Mr. Walter Lloyd Jeffries, 
of Boston. It shows that nearly two centuries ago our ancient 
town was engaged in the importation of slaves from Africa ; and 
further, that some of our wealthiest people were engaged in it. In 
considering this matter, it is well to bear in mind that this traffic was 
well-nio^h universal, most of the commercial nations beino* more or 
less eno^aojed in it. The document also shows that Rhode Island, 
afterward so deeply involved in the slave trade, was at that time 
opposed to it. 

Boston the 12^^ of June 1681. 
M' W" Welstead, 

Wee did the last yeare send out W° Warren M' of the ship 
Elizabeth for Guinea & at his returne ordered him to put in to Swansy 
for intelligence from us how to proceed farther and heareing that the peo- 
ple of Roade Island Vnderstand thereof & all give out there intentions to 
Ceise her, do give you this as our ordo"" & request that you take the first opp'- 
tunity to proceed for sayd Island & when you have there dispached y' 
buisiness (in which be expeditious) go from thence & stand to and agayne 
at y^ entrance of that harbour, keepeing a good looke out to discouer all ships 
that may be bound in there & if possible speake w* them & if it so hap- 
pen as that you meett w'^ say^ Warren give him the letter here inclosed & 
cause him to returne w*^ you to Nantasket (where, of before you come in 
there take in such negroes^ &c. as he hath of o", & come up in the night w*^^ 
them, giveing us notice thereof w*^ what privacy you can, and we shall take 



76 



jRecords of Hull, Mass, 



[Jan. 



care for there Landing, what we have farther to ad is to keepe your men 
Ignorant of your designe & Improve your time what you can in fishing or 
w* elce may be helpfull to defray our charges, but not prejudicial! to our 
mayne designe in meeting w*'' Warren w*^^ is the needful! at present From 

Yo"^ Cordial! frien[ds] John Baffin 

Jn° Usher for himself 
& Ed WD. Shippen 
James Wetcomb 
And' Belcher. 



RECORDS OF HULL, MASS. 

Communicated by Willard S. Allen, Esq., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxviii. page 69.] 



BIRTHS. 



Robert Vickre son to Benj. dec'd & Mary Vicltre 
John Goold son to John & Lidiah Goold 
Mary Stubs dr. to Rich"^ & Jae! Stubs 
Jane Loring dr. to Samuel! & Jane Loring 
Mary Bartlet dr. to John & Experance Bartlet 
Hannah Binney dr. to John & Hannah Binney 
Margret Binney dr. to Thomas & Margret Binney 
Elisha Goold son to Joseph & Mary Goold 
Josep!i Melton son to Joseph & Bershebe Melton 
Josepli Melton son to do 

John Loring son to John Sen'r & Eliz*^ Loring 
Matliew Loring son to Mathew & Lydia Loring 
Jonathan Colyer son to Gersliam & Eliz*^ Colyer 
Samuel Jones son to Samuel & Susanna Jones 
Jacob Goold son to Jolm & Lidiah Goold 
Elizabeth Lobdell dr. to Joseph & Eliz^^ Lobdell 

[altered from Feb. 26, 17f ^] 
Ann Haden dr. to John & Ann Haden 
Elizabeth Benson dr. to Joseph & Rebecca Benson 
Caleb Loring son to Caleb & Susanna Loring 
Elizabeth Smellige dr. to Zachariah & Eliz*^ Smellege 
Sarah Gains dr. to Thomas & Barthsheba Gains 
Experence Loring dr. to John & Eliz*^ Loring 
Samuel Loring son to Samuel & Jane Loring 
Mary Vickre dr. to Thomas & Mary Vickre 
Paul Benny son to Thomas & Margret Benny 
Bridget Delle dr. to John & Mary Dele 
James Bartlet son to John & Experence Bartlet 
Joseph Bosworth son to Joseph & Mary Bosworth 
Ephraim Bosworth son to do 

Robert Bosworth son to do 

Lydia Melton dr. to Joseph & Bathsheba Melton 
Susanna Loring dr. to Caleb & Susanna Loring 
Mathew Danford son to Mathew & Piliz"' Dauford 
Dorcas Benney dr. to John and Hannah Benney 
Mary Jones dr. to Solomon & Mary Jones 



born 



a 



u 



a 



May 18, 

Feb. 23, 
July 3, 

Dec. 18, 
Oct. 14, 
Oct. 18, 

April 12, 
Sept. 7, 

July 21, 
March 17, 

Feb. 25, 

Nov. 22, 

May 3, 

June 9, 

Jan'y 10, 

Jan'y 16, 

Feb. 16, 

May 5, 

Jan'y 21, 

June 8, 

Aug. 1, 

Aug. 9, 

Feb. 3, 

Feb. 11, 

March 2, 

March 2, 

Dec'r 7, 

Dec'r 11, 

Aug. 30, 

Sep. 15, 

April 8, 

June 5, 

July 1, 

June 20, 

Sep. 6, 



1718 

1718 

1718 

1718 

1718 

1717 

1719 

1719 

1717 

1719 

1719 

1719 

1719 

1719 

1720 

1719 
1720 

1720 
1720 

1720 

1750 
^'21 
1720 

1721 
1721 
1720 
1716 
1720 
1722 
1721 
1721 
1721 
1721 
1721 



1877.] 



Hecords of Hull, Mass, 



11 



u 



Experence Nichols dr. to Roger & Bethiah Nichols 

[altered from 1721] born 
Israel Nichols son to do " 

Mary Goold dr. to Joseph & Mary Goold " 

John Soper son to John & Ruth Soper " 

Ousaly Chamberlin dr. to Joseph & Eliz*^ Chamberling " 
William Colyer son to Gershom & Eliz'^' (Colyerj " 

Mary Webber dr. to Seth & P^liz'^ Webber " " 

Zachariah Smellidg son to Zac'h & P^liz*^ Smellige " 

John Loring son to John & Eliz"^ his wife " 

Mary Dason dr. to Joseph & Mary Dosson " 

John Gains son to Thomas and Bathsheba Gains " 

James Goold son to John & Lydiah Goold " 

Isaac Bartlet son to John & Experience Bartlet " 

Beniaman Jones son to Ben" & Sarah Jones " 

Hannah Stubs dr. to Richard & Jael Stubs " 

Beniaman Melton son to John & Mary Melton " 

Jacob Jones son to Samuel & Susanna Jones " 

Mary Soper dr. to Beniam" & Mary Soper 
Mary Soper dr. to Beniam*"- & Mary Soper 
Thomas Vickere son to Thomas & Mary Vickre 
Joseph Spere son to Joseph & Mary Spear 
Jacob Jones son to Samuel & Susanna Jones 
Cathorn Sam dr. to James & Cathorn Sam 
John Dele son to John & Mary Dele 
Nicholes Lobdell son to Joseph & Eliz*^ Lobdell 
Joan Goold dr. to Joseph & Mary Goold 
Matliew Loring son to Samuel & Jene Loring 
Barnabos Binney son to John & Hannah Binney 
Gershom Spere son to Joseph & Mary Spere 
Joseph Binney son to Thomas & Margret Binney 
Jeones [James ?] Soper son to John & Ruth Soper 
Rachel fJons dr. to Solomon & Mary Jons 
' Jose|)h Tower son to Ambros & Mary Tower 
John Danford son to Mathew & Eliz*^ Danford 
Mary Sam dr. to James & Cathern Sam 
Sarah Jons dr. to Beniam" & Sarah Jons 
Betty Webber dr. to Seth & Eliz**^ Webber 
John Benson son to Joseph & Rebecker Bensan 
Beniam" Benson son to Joseph & Rebecker Benson 
Joseph Dorson son to Joseph & Mary Dorson 
Mercer Bartlet son to John & Experience Bartlet 
Rachel Haden dr. to John & Ann Haden 
Joseph Smaledges son to Zech^ & YA\z^^ Smaledges 
Mary Bosworth dr. to Lemuel & Mary Bosworth 
Barthsheba Gains dr. to Thomas & Barthsheba Gans 
Betty Chamberlin dr. to Joseph & Eliz^^ Chamberlin 
Sarah Jons dr. to Solomon & Mary Jons 
Martha Labden dr. to Joseph & Eliz*^ 

[altered from Nov. 1] 
Hannah Lorincj dr. to John & Elizabeth Loring- 
Caleb Gold son to Joseph & Mary Goold 
Jael Stubs dr. to Richard & Jael Stubs 

[To be continued.] 



(( 



u 



April 6, 

Sep. 17, 

May 21, 

Sep. 

' Sep. 22, 

June 21, 

Jan'y 23, 

Feb. 4, 

June 26, 

Oct. 25, 

July 21, 

Jan'y 21, 

Feb. 3, 

Sep. 26, 

Oct. 21, 

Sep. 18, 

Nov. 12, 
Nov. 13, 
Dec. 23, 

April 10, 

March 18, 

April 18, 

Feb. 20, 

Feb. 22, 

Feb. 20, 

March 17, 

March 22, 

April 7, 

April 10, 

June 20, 

July 1, 

Sep. 5, 

Sep't 8, 

Aug. 28, 

Nov. 28, 

Jan'y 18, 

March 5, 

March 5, 

Feb. 20, 

Dec. 26, 

March 15, 

April 11, 

May 4, 

Sep. 4, 

Sep. 4, 

Oct. 22, 

Oct. 30, 

Dec. 5, 

Dec. 20, 

Dec. 26, 



1720 
1721 
1721 
1721 
1720 
1721 

17M 
1722 

1722 

1721 

1721 

17f] 

17M 
1722 

1722 
1722 
1722 
1722 
1722 
1722 
1720 
n22 
1722 
17f§ 
17M 
17f| 

1722 

1723 
1723 
1723 
1723 
1723 
1723 
1723 
1723 
1723 
172f 

1723 
1723 
1723 

1723 
1723 
1724 
1724 
1724 
1724 
1724 

1724 
1724 
1724 
1724 



78 Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestowyi, [Jan. 



1712. 




March 


30 


April 


13 


May 


27 
18 


June 


25 

1 
8 




15 
22 




29 


July 


6 




13 




20 




27 



1712 
M. 

Auorft 



Sept: 
Octob^ 



Decem'^ 



D 

3 



10 



24 

31 

7 

21 

12 

19 
2 

16 
23 



14 

28 



(Continued from vol. xxx. page 183.) 
Baptized — Page 312 — 

Sufannali D. of M' Calvin, & m" Katharine Galpin Galpin 

Mercy of William & Marcy Rogers — — Rogers 

Abigail D. of Stephen & Ford — — Ford. 

David S. of m\ John & Sarah Edmunds — — Edmunds 
Chriftopher S of m' Chriftopher & Mary Goodwin Goodwin 

John S. of M'. John & Maro-arit Dammon — Dalhon 

Mary D. of M' Eleazer & Sufannah Johnfon — Johnfon. 

Jonathan S. of m'. Jonathan & Katharine Kettle Kettle. 

Mary D. of m' Richard & Elizabeth James — James. 

Rebecca D. of m'. Daniel & m" Rebecca Rufsel Rufsel. 

John S. of m' James & Miller — — Miller. 

Nathaniel. S. of m' Samuel & Sarah Huehifon Huehifon 

Johannah D. of m"^ Benj. & Lucy Phillips — PhiUips 

John S. of m' John & Eliz Sprague — — Sprague 

Benjamin S. of M' Stephen & Mercy Badger — Badger 

John S. of John Rand jun' & Anne his wife. Rand. 
Abiel S of Samuel Wood (deceaf 'd) & his widow[ Wood 

Haiiah 

Michael Bently, S. of John & Hannah Morgan Bently 

Mary D. of m' William & Hannah Patten — Patten. 

John S. of m'. Samuel & Rachel Knight — — Knight 

John S. of m' John & Sarah Pifiey — — Pinney 

Jofeph S. of m' Jofeph & Elizabeth Philipps — Philipps, 

Rebekah D. of m' Francis & Mary Bafset — BaCset. 

Jofeph S. of m' Jofeph & Sarah Froft — — Froft. 

Hannah D. of John & Hannah Morgan — — Morgan 



Baptized — Page 313 — 

Jonathan S. of m"" Thomas & Sibyll Greaves — Greaves 
Jofhua, S. of m' Peletiah & Elizabeth Whitamore Whitamore 
Sarah D of m"" William & Abigail Kettle — Kettle 

r^awrence S. of m' Jonathan & m" Katharine Dows Dows 
Thomas. S. of m' William & Abigail Smith — Smith. 
John S. of m' Samuel & Frothino-ham. — Frothingham. 

Ruth D. of m' Nathaniel & Hannah Frothino;ham. Frothinirham. 
Sufannah D. of m^ John & Sufannah Tucker — Tucker 
Annah D. of m'. Timothy & Goodwin — Goodwin. 

Samuel S. of m"". Samuel & Hannah Counts — Counts. 
Peachy. S. of m' WiUiam Rowse (& Mary his wife) Rowse. 
Aquila. S. of Aquila & Sarah Paul — — Paul. 

James s. of James & Hannah Lowden — — J^owden. 
Abigail D. of Benj : & Hurd — — Ilurd. 

Samuel S. of m'. Maximilian & Sarah Dows — Dows 
Bethiah w. of m*^ John Taylor jun' — — Taylor 

Jofeph S. of Oliver & Anna Atwood — — Atwood 
Jofeph S. of m' Caleb & Abigail Crofsewel — Crofewel 
Sarah D. of m"^ Jacob & Eliz. Hurd — — Hurd 

Mildred D of m'. Zechariah & Mildred Davis — Davis 
John S. of m'. John & Bethiah Taylor — — Taylor. 
Thomas S. of m' John & Bethiah Taylor — — Taylor. 
Abigail D. of m'. Jofeph & Sarah Rand. — — Rand, 
m' John Lewis [an Adult perfon] — — Lewis. 



i 



1877.] jRecord-Booh of the First Church in Charlestoicn* 79 



1712 13 

Mo 
January 


D 

4 




25 


Feb. 1. 
March 


1 

8 

15 

122 

8 


1713 
April 


15 

29 

5 




12 
19 


May 24 


24 


June 


31 

7. 
14 


1713 
M 

June 


D 

21 


July 


28 
5 
5 




19 




26 


Auguft 


2 




9 


Sept. 
Octob 


16 
30 

20 
4 


Novem'' 


18 

1 

29 


1713 
M 

NoYcm'' 


D 

6 



Baptized 



Pasre 314 



Mehitabel D. of m' Caleb & Anna Call — — 
Jofias S of m' James & — — 

William S of m' Elias & Abigail Stone — — 
Mary D. of m' Samuel & Mary Whitehead — 
Mary W. of m'. James Kettle — — 

Ebenezer S. of m' Ebenezer & Mary Hartshorn 
Hannah D. of John & Loo;in — — 

Mary D of m' James & Mary Kettel — — 
Sufanna D of m' John & Sufanna Frothingham 
Hannah D of m" Benj. & Hannah Andrews — 
Thomas S of m' Thomas & Mary Harris — — 
Rebecca Mafton (Adult perfon) — — 

Anne. D of Henry & Hannah Bodge — — 
Deborah D. of m' Samuel & Deborah Nurfe — 
Sufannah D. of m^ Philip & Deborah Coteler — 
Mary D. of William & Hannah Teal — — 
Katharine D of M'. Richard & Parnel Foster — 
Thomas S. of m^ Tlio: & Mary Frothingham — 
Anne D. of m'. Jofeph & Anne Newel — — 
Lydia D. of m' Richard & Mary Boilftone — 
Lydia D. of m' Jofeph & Mary Wood — — 
Mary D. of m'. Michael & Relief Gill — — 
James S. of m". Samuel & Trumble. — 

Abiel D. of m'. Nathaniel & Howard — 



Call. 

Webber 

Stone. 

Whitehead 

Kettle 

Hartshorn 

Login 

Kettel. 

Frothino-ham. 

Andrews 

Harris. 

:Mafton. 

Bodfje. 

Nurfe. 

Coteler 

^J'eal 

Fofter. 

Frothingham 

Newell. 

Boylftone 

Wood. 

Gill. 

Trumble 

Howard 



Baptized 



Pane 315 



Margarit D. of m' Edward & Mary Sheaf — Sheaff 

Elizabeth D of m' Jofeph & Eliz. Philipps — Philipps 

Hannah D of Edward & Hafiah Sowerbutts. — Sowerbutts 

Chambers S. of m^ Daniel & m''^ Rebecca Rufsel Rufsel 
Richard ) 

& >- Twins of Charles & Eliz Hufiewel — Hunnewel. 
Mary ) 

M^ William Pinfon — — Pinfon 

Ralph S. of m' Ralph Moufal jun"", & Mary his wife Moufal. 

Samuel S. of Jofeph Froft — Froft. 

Timothy S. of m^ Robert & Cutler — Cutler 

Rebecca D. of m"" Jeremiah & Margarit Storer Storer 

Richard S. of m' Richard & Mary Millei- — Miller 

Margarit S. of m' John & Margarit Damon — Daiiion 

Jonathan S. of m^ John & Grace Eads — — Eads 

Edward S. of m>- Miller & Froft — — Froft. 

Sarah D of nF William & Sarah Pinfon — — Pinfon 

Mary D. of Jofeph & Sarah Mirick — — Mirick 

Jofiah S. of mr Charles & Burrough — — Burrough 

Jofhua S. of m'" William & Perfis Rand — — Rand 

Thomas S of m^ Thomas & Dorcas Chitty — Chitty 

John S. of m'' Francis & Mary Bafset — — Bafset 

Jofeph S of m*" Joseph Whitamore jun*" & Whitamore 

eTane D. of m'" John & Katharine Blaney — — Blaney 

Mary D of John & Sarah Carter — — Carter 

— Page 316 — 

Thomas S. of m^ James & Margarit Sherman Sherman 

William S of m^ John & johnfon — — Johnfon 



80 Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown, [Jan. 



[Nov] 



Decern'' 


27 


1713 


14 


Jan 


3 


Jan. 


10 




17 




24 




31 


Febr. 


14 




28 


March 


14 




27 


1714 




April 


4 




11 



1714 

M 

April 

May 

June 



luly 



Auofuft 



Sept 



1714 
M 
Sept 

Octo. 



D 

25 
16 
13 

20 
27 



11 

18 

25 
T 



15 

"22' 
19 



D 

26 



— Page 316 {Concluded). — 

Abigail D of m' Stephen & Ford — — Ford 

Samuel S. of m' Samuel & m" Mary Gary — Gary. 

Sarah D. of m^ William & Hannah Patten — Patten 

Mildred D. of m>" Zechariah & Mildred Davis — Davis 

Benjamin S. of Jonathan & Fofdick — Fofdick 

Hannah D. of m' Thomas & Lord — Lord 

James S. of William & Mary Sheaf — Sheaf 

Thomas S. of m"" Ebenczer & Prudence Swan Swan 
Joanna. A Negro woman. 

Efther D. of nV George & Efther Minors — Minors. 

Elifha. S of m'' Elifha & Doubleday — Doubleday 

lohn S. of Simon & Mary Bradftreet — — Bradftreet 

Mary D. of M"" William & Rand — — Rand 

Sarah D. of M^ Benj & Pierce — — Pierce 

Sarah D. of M"" Henry & Sarah Davis — — Davis 

Johannah D. of m"" John & Johannah Gall — Gall 

Hephzibah D. of m'" Samuel & — — Frothingham 

John S. of m*" John & Hannah Fulker — — Fulker. 

John S of Benjamin & Mary Kettle — — Kettle 

Sarah D. of m"" Ephraim & Martha Breed — Breed 

Ebenezer S. of m''. Ebenezer & Sarah Fowl — Fowl 

Ann D. of mr. Thomas & Anne Fofdick — Fofdick 

Sarah D of m"" John & Sarah Penny — — Penny 



Baptized 



Pa^e 317 



JO 



Abigail D. of m"". James & Miller — 

Sarah Daun;hter of m" Mary Tuck — 

P^lizabeth Wire & her Sifter Sufannah Wire 
Fohn S. of Mark & Elizabeth White — 
Randol Davis, an adult prfon — 

Mercy D of M"" John & Eliz Pierce — 

mfannah D. of M'' James & Sarah Fowl — 
Tonathan Growch jun' * — 

fohn S of m"" John & Abigail Rayner — 
Vlary D. of mr Jonathan & Katharine Kettle 
Abigail D of m"" James Gapen — 

Vlehitabel D of m*" Randol Davis — 

Samuel S. of M"" Benj. & Mercy Frothingha 
Ellener D. of M-*. Will & Ellener Wyer — 
Thomas S. of Thomas & Brazier — 



- Miller 



Wire 

White 

Davis. 

Pierce 

Fowl 

Growch 

Rayner 

Kettle 

Gapen 

Davis 

Frothingham 

Wyer 

Brazier 



John S. of m John & 



Fowl. 



Thankfull D of m"" John Sprague — 

Rebecca D of m'" James & Mary Auftin — 
Mary D. of m"" Joseph & Lewis — 

Sarah D of M"" William & Sarah Pinfon — 



— Fowl. 

— Sprage 

— Auftin. 

— Lewis 

— Pinfon 



Baptized 



— Pase 31) 



David S. of wV Elkanah & & Of burn — Of burn 

William S. of William & Hannah Teal — — Teal. 

Daniel S. of m-" Stephen & Badger — — Badger. 

Timothy of M^ Elcaz"" & Lydia Phillipps — Philipps. 



1877.] Record-Boolc of the Fh'st Church in Charlestoion, 81 



Novemr 
Decemr 

1714 
Jan 



17 



21 

19 



1714 

M 
Febr 



Aprl 



15 



23 



30 



15 

D 

.G 



20 



27 



13 



Mav 



1715 



May 



lune 1 2 



10 



17 

24 
1 



22 



July 



19 



— Page 318 {Concluded). — 

Timothy S. of m' Timothy & Goodwin — Goodwin 

Benj. S. of m*" John & Sarah Foy — — Foy. 

Elener D. of m*" Chriftopher — — Goodwin 

Ilafiah D. of m"" Richard Miller — Miller 

Richard S. of m'" John & Rand — — Rand 

Elias S. of m*" Elias Stone jun"" — — Stone 

Sufannah D of Charles & Sufannah White — White 



Thomas S of m"" Ebenez"" & Mary Hartshorn — Harts 

John S. of m"* Benj & Abigail Bunker — — 

Benjamin S. of m' Richard & Eliz. James — 

Caleb. S. of m"" Caleb & Anne Call — - 



Jofeph S. of Jofeph & Rebecca Cafwell — 
Thomas S. of Jofeph & Whitamore 

Elizabeth D. of m'". Joseph & Eliz. Philipps 



Baptized 



— Pasre 319 — 



Samuel Addams (juvenis [?]) — — 

Nathaniel S. of m"' Jonathan & m Katharine — 

Anderfon. S of m*" John & Anna Phillips — — 

Katharine D. of mr. John & Bethiah Taylor — 

Sarah D of m*" Jofe})h & Sarah Graunt — — 
Anne D. of John & Anne Rand — — 

Thomas, ( William, | Anne, [• 

Child'' of Thomas & Anne Chapman — 
Jofeph S. of m"" Thomas & Frothingham 

Hannah D. of m"" Theophilus & Katharine Jvory 
Mercy D. of m'" Jacob & Ehz. Hurd — — 

Mary Nevers an Adult perfon — — 

Zacharias S. of m''. Jofeph & Sarah Rand — 
Timothy S. of m"". James & Hannah Lowden — 
Benj. S. of m"" Benj. & Hannah Andrews — — 
Mary W. of m"" John & Mary Griffen — — 
Elizabeth D. of m^ Benj. & Hurd — — 

Parnel Ford, an Adult Perfon — — . 

WilHam S. of m-- William & Kettle — 

Ebenezer S. of m'" Ebenez*" & Hannah Breed — 
John S of Henry & Hannah Bodge — — 

John S of m'" Thomas & Annah Chapman — 
Sarah D. of the Rev**. M^ Jofeph & m" Sarah 

Stevens 



Baptized 



Pacre 320 — 



Philipp S. of Oliver & Annah Atwood — — 
Jonathan S. of Jofeph & Wood — — 

Dorothy D of m"" Jofeph & Dorothy Kidder — 
Hannah D of m"" Stephen & Kidder, — 

Peletiah S. of m' Peletiah & Whitamore 



Benjamin S of m*" Benjamin & Pierce — 

Thomas. S of m"^ John & Johnfon — 

Sarah D of Jonathan & Sarah Kendall — 



VOL. XXXI, 



Elizabeth D. of m' James & Mary Kettel 
8 



Bunker 

lames 

Call 

Cafwell 

Whitamore 

Philipps. 



Addams 
Dows 
Phillips 
Taylor 

Graunt 
Rand 



Chapman. 

Frothingham 

Jvory 

Hurd 

Nevers 

Rand 

Lowden. 

Andrews 

Griffen. 

Hurd 

Ford 

Kettel. 

Breed 

Bodge. 

Chapman 

StevenSi 



Atwood 

Wood 

Kidder 

Kidder 

Whitamore 

Pierce 

Johnfon 

Kendall.. 

Kettel 



82 Becord-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown, [Jan. 



Aiisfuft 



1715 
M 

Sept 
Octob"- 

Nov^ 



Dece'"'" 



January 
1715 116 



A D 
M. 

Feb. 



March 



10 
10 



24 



31 



th 

7 



14 
21 



28 

D 

18 



25 



9 
16 
23 



6 



13 



20 



27 



— Page 320 {Concluded). — 

Dudley S. of m'" Dudley & Mary Wade — 

Thomas S. of m' James & Eliz Capen — 

Margarit D of m'" Thomas & in" Sibyll Greaves 
Sufannah D of Jofeph & liuth Hopkins — 

Abi";ail D. of m^ Nathaniel & Elizabeth Howard 



Abitrail D. of m^ Andrew & Abijxail Newel — 
John S. of m*". Samuel & Trumble — 



James. S. of M"" Daniel & m". llebeka Ruffel 
llebeka D. of m'' Edward & Mary Sheaf 
vVnne D. of m''. Maximilian & Sarah Dows 



William S. of m"" Ebenezer & Prudence Swan 
Rebecca D. of m*" Ebenezer & Rebecca Auftin 
Sarah D. of m^ Thomas & Sarah Jackfon — 



Jofiah D. of m'' Michael & m«. Relief Gill 



Baptized — Page 321 — 

Samuel S, of m' George & Abigail Darling — 
Zechariah S. of m^ Zechariah & Mildred Davis 
Hannah D. of M'' Abraham & Martha Hill — 



Mary D. of Adam & Rachel Waters 



Mary D. of Ben jam. & Lucy Phillips — 

Daniel S. of m"^ John & Fowl — 

Mary Green, poft Lapfus confefsionem — 
lames, S. of said Mary Green, & 



Wade 
Capen 
Greaves. 
Hopkins. 

Howard 

Newel 

Trumble 

'RuffeF 
Sheaff. 
Dows 

Swan. 

Auftin. 

Jackfon. 

Gill. 



Darlins: 
Davis. 

Hill. 

"\V^aters 
Phillips 
Fowl 
Green 



Mary D. of John & Hannah Morgan — — 



Francis D. of m'" Francis & Mary Bafset 
John S. of m^ John & H Looin 



Nathaniel S- of m'^ Vincent & m^ Hannah Carter 



4 

TT 

~25~ 
1 



22 



1715 

D 

5 

~\2 



11 



Mary D of mr. Richard & Mary Miller 



Hannah D of William & Hannah Botrell — — 



Abioail D. of \\\^. Eleaz"^ & Sufannah Johnfon — 
Elizabeth D. of m^ John & Mary Cary — — 
lonathan-Hammon S. of Stephen & Ford 

Jofeph S. of mr Jofeph & Mary Ballard — — 

Mary D. of m"" John & Grace Newel — — 
John S. of John & Faith Salter — — 

Rebecca D. of m'' Charles & Burroughs — 

Margaritt D. of m*" Henry & Sarah Davis — 
Anna D. of m"" Thomas & Harris — — 



Baptized 



Pacre 322 



Jofeph. S. of INIf Jofeph & Eliz Lemon — 
Henry S. of Henry & Sarah Pownel — 



John S. of 111"" John & Joafia Call — — 

Anne D. of m"" William & Mary Sheaf. — — 
Jofeph S. of m*" Richard & ^lary Whittamore 
]\Iary D of m"" Ephraim & nV Martha Breed — 



18 



25 



Jonathan S. of m"" Benj & Abigail Bunker — 
Thomas. S. of m'" Thomas & Dorcas Chitty — 



jMorgan 

Baffet 

Login 

Carter 
Miller 
Botrell 

Johnfon 

Cary. 

Ford 

Ballard 

Newel 

Salter 

Burroughs 

Davis 

Harris 



Lemon 
Pownel 
Call. 
Sheaf. 

Whittamore 
Breed 

Bunker 

Chitty 



[To be continued.] 



1877.] Thomas Ilale of Newbury, 83 



THOxMAS HALE, THE GLOVER, OF NEWBURY, MASS., 1635, 

AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

By the Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabethtown, N. Y. 

\. Thomas'' Hale and his wife Thomasine, or Tamosin, and son 
Thomas, came to Newbury in 1635, accordinoj to both Savage and Coffin. 
They were probal)]y of the party who first settled in that town in that year, 
on the banks of the " Quascacunquen," or Parker River, thongh his name 
is not included among those mentioned by Coffin as forming the first colony, 
" with a few others whose names are not known witli certainty." 

Coffin supposes him to have been the son of William Hale, P>sq., of King's 
Walden, Herts, England, born at that place. May 15, 1606. The birth and 
baptism of this Thomas appear on the family records at King's Walden, 
but no further entry is found there touching his life or death. No sufficient 
proof is found to establish conclusively the identity of Thomas of New- 
bury with this Thomas of King's Walden, though facts are known to make 
such identity probable. The question is still under investigation, and the 
English origin of Thomas of Newbury may become the subject of a future 
paper. 

The date of his arrival in America, the name of the vessel in which he 
came, and the maiden surname of his wife, are all unknown. Coffin, in his 
" History of Newbury " (page 304), describes him as " n3. 78 " at his 
death in 1682; while the entries in the same author's " Early Settlers of 
Essex and Old Norfolk" (Reg., vol. vi. p. 341), make him " a3. 67" in 
1677, and " je. 50" in 1660. Savage says he was "freeman 7 Sept. 1638" 
(and see Reg. vol. iii. p. 96). But a Thomas Hale was also admitted free- 
man May 14, 1634 {^id. p. 92), the same day on which Robert Hale of 
Charlestown was admitted, and the authority on which Savage makes the 
last named Thomas to refer to Thomas of Roxbury, the brother of Samuel 
of Glastenbury, does not appear. 

Tradition in the two families makes Thomas of Newbury and Deacon 
Robert of Charlestown brothers. If so, Thomas of Newbury was not the 
son of William of King's Walden, for the latter had no son Robert. It is 
probable that Robert and Thomas were related ; and it is a noteworthy cir- 
cumstance that John^ the son of Robert of Charlestown, and John^ the son 
of Thomas of Newbury, married sisters, daughters of Henry Somerby of 
Newbury. 

His name first appears in Coffin, under date of August 10, 1638. " Tho- 
mas Hale and John Baker are appointed haywards till the town shall 
appoint new." (p. 28.) " February 23d (1642) a generall towne meeting 
(of Newbury). By the generall consent of all the freemen the stinting of 
the commons was referred to Henry Short, Mr. (Edward) Woodman, Ed- 
ward Rawson, Thomas Hale, and Mr. (John) Woodbridge, according to 
their best judgments and discretions." (Coffin, pp. 35, 36.) 

He removed to Haverhill, probably in 1645. In that year he is named 
as a "landholder" in Haverhill, and "from Newbury." His name heads 
the list of the first board of selectmen chosen in Haverhill in 1 646. In 
that year his name first appears on the record of assessments in that town. 
In 1647 he was chosen by the town and approved by the General Court, 
with Henry Palmer and Thomas Davis, " to try small causes." The same 



84 Thomas Hale of JSFewhurij . [Jan. 

year he was appointed by the General Court a commissioner to lay out a 
road from Andover to Haverhill. In 1G48 he was appointed by the town 
" to keep a ferry." In 1G49 he was elected constable, the first chosen in 
Haverhill. In 1650 he was appointed by the town "to meet men from 
Salisbury to lay out bounds between that town and Haverhill." In 1651 
" Little River" in Haverhill was named as "Thomas Hale's River." (See 
Mirick's Haverhill, and Chase's Haverhill.) 

In or about the year 1652 he returned to Newbury, and continued to 
reside there till 1657, when he removed to Salem. There he remained till 
about the year 1661, when he again returned to Newbury, where he con- 
tinued to reside till his death. 

His name appears in the list of proprietors of Newbury, declared by the 
ordinance of Dec. 7, 1642, as the only persons "acknowledged to be free- 
holders by the tov/n and to have proportionable right in all waste lands, 
commons and rivers undisposed," &c. &c. 

In Felt's " Annals of Salem," his name appears in the list of " glovers " 
in 1659. It also appears in the town records of Salem in 1657 as " Sarjent 
Thomas Hale," and he is several times referred to in those records as 
" clerk of the market." 

After his final return to Newbury, he is found among the active support- 
ers of the Rev. Mr. Parker in his controversies with a portion of his 
church, while the name of his son Thomas^ appears uniformly among the 
antagonists of Mr. Parker, known as " Mr. Woodman's party." 

Conveyances of real estate to and from him appear in the Essex records 
in 1640, 1652, 1655, 1656, 1666, and 1669, in which he is described as 
" of Newbury." In conveyances appearing in 1647 and 1648, he is de- 
scribed as "of Haverhill"; in one of Jan. 15, 1652-3, as "of Newbury, 
late of Haverhill"; and in sundry of 1658, 1659, 1660 and 1661, as "of 
Salem." In these conveyances he is usually described as " glover," some- 
times as " yeoman," and once as " leather-dresser." 

He seems to have been an active and public-spirited citizen, held in re- 
spect by his fellow citizens in the several towns in which he lived, and his 
long life was evidently one of active usefulness. By trade a glover, he unit- 
ed with that employment some practice as a surveyor, and his various pub- 
lic employments show him to have been a man of fair education and busi- 
ness qualifications. 

He died in Newbury, Dec. 21, 1682. His widow Thomasine survived 
him just forty days (a "widow's quarantine"), and died in Newbury, Jan. 
30, 1682-3. No will appears of record, nor any administration of his estate. 

Their children, the eldest said to have been born in England, the others 
all in Newbury, were as follows : 

Thomas,'^ b. 1633 ; m. Mary Hutchinson. 

JoHN,^ m. first, Rebecca Lowell ; second, Sarah Somerby ; third, Sa- 
rah (Symonds) Cottle. 
Samuel,^ b. Feb. 2, 1639-40 ; m. Sarah Ilsley. 
Apphia,^ b. 1G42; m. Benjamin Rolfe. 

2. Thomas^ Hale (Thomas^), born probably in England in 1633. 
Came with his parents to Newbury in 1635. Married, May 26, 1657, at 
Salem, Mary, daughter of Richard and Alice (Bos worth) Hutchinson, who 
was baptized at North Muskliam, co. Notts, England, Dec. 28, 1630. (For 
Hutchinson pedigree, see Reg., vol. xxii.'pp. 236 to 254. Also Essex Inst. 
Hist. Coll., vol. X. pp. 1 to 107.^ 



2. 


i. 


3. 


ii. 


4. 


iii 


5. 


iv. 



I 



1877.] Thomas Hale of JSTeiohury, 85 

His adult life seems to have been spent in Newbury. In 1660 he received 
from his father a conveyance of his lands on Newbury Neck, a valuable 
property, and which remained in tlie family for several generations. This 
property he conveyed to his son Thomas^ in 1682, the deed providing for 
sundry payments by the grantee to his brothers and sisters. 

In the controversies in the Newbury church, he adhered to the anti- 
Parker or Woodman party, and with the other adherents of that party, 
some forty in number, was adjudged by the General Court, in 1671, to have 
been guilty of scandalous conduct. Fines were imposed by the General 
Court on all the party except two, Mr. Hale's fine being " one noble " (six 
shillings and eight pence). 

He does not appear to have ever been in public life, and this fact, coupled 
with his handsome estate, his early conveyance of his homestead to his son, 
and his comparatively early death, would seem to denote him not a man of 
robust constitution. 

He died in Newbury, Oct. 22, 1688. His widow removed to Boxford 
with her son Joseph' about 1692, and there married, Feb. 5, 1694-5, Wil- 
liam Watson of Boxford, the father of her son Joseph's wife. Mr. Wat- 
son died at Boxford, June 27, 1710. She survived him and died at the 
same place, Dec. 8, 1715. 

Thomas^ Hale left a will dated March 20, 1686-7, witnessed by Richard 
Dole, Sen., and Henry Short, and a codicil dated Feb. 20, 1687-8, witnessed 
by Daniel Thurston, Sen., and John Poor, which were proven " at an Infe- 
rior Court of Pleas holden at Salem, 12 Dec. 1688." The will recites the 
conveyance of land in Newbury to son Thomas, and gives him one shilling 
in full of his share ; gives to son Joseph lands in " Almsbury," and half 
testator's lands in Salem Village, £100 in money, "the fowling piece with 
all that belongs to her, and half the bullets in the house," &c. &c. It re- 
quires the executrix to put Joseph " out to some good trade at the age of 
18 or 19 years at flirthest." It gives to son Samuel lands in Haverhill, 
half the land in Salem Village, £100 in money, '"the musket with all that 
belongs to it and half y® bullets that shall be left in the house, and the cut- 
lash and belt," &c. &c. It gives to each of the daughters £70, including 
what they had already received. It appoints his wife executrix, and leaves 
the residuary estate to her. " Also I leave into her hands and to be at her 
dispose my Indian servant Wott." It appoints " Benjamin Rolf, John Poer 
and Joseph Isleley overseers." In the inventory filed by the executrix is 
named " an Indian servant," valued at £20. 

His children, all born in Newbury, all, except the eldest, living at date of 
the will, were : 

i. A son ,3 unnamed, b. Feb. 17, 1657-8 ; d. Feb. 22, 1657-8. 

6. ii. Thomas, 3 b. Feb. 11, 1658-9: m. Sarah Northend. 
iii. iMARY,3 b. July 15, 1660 ; in. Jewett. 

7. iv. Abigail,' b. April 8, 1662 ; m. Henry Poor. 

8. V. Hannah,^' b. Nov. 29, 1663 ; m. William Peabody. 

9. vi. Lydia,' b. April 17, 1666; m. James Plaits. 

10. vii. Elizabeth,' b. Oct 16. 1668; m. Samuel Pickard. 

11. viii. Joseph,' b. Feb. 20, 1670-1 ; m. first, Mary Watson ; second, widow 

Joanna Dodge. 

12. ix. Samuel,' b. June 6, 1674 ; m. first, Martha Palmer ; second, Sarah 

(Perley) Hazen. 

3. John* Hale (TViOTwas*), born in Newbury; resided in Newbury ; 
a " housewright " or carpenter by occupation, and known as " Ser- 

VOL. XXXI. 8* 



86 Thomas Hale of Newhury. [Jan. 

geant " Ilale. Married, first. Dec. 5, IGGO, Rebecca, dau. of Richard 
Lowell of Newbury. She was born in Newbury, Jan. 27, 1642, and died 
there June 1, IGG'i. He married, second, Dec. 8, 16G3, Sarah, dau. of 
Henry and Judith (Greenleaf) Somerby of Newbury, who was born in 
Newbury, P'eb. 10, 1G45-6, and died there June 19, 1672. He married, 

third, probably in 1673, Sarah (Symonds) widow of Cottle,* born 

about 1647 and died Jan. 19, 1699-1700. 

He seems to have been a man of moderate estate. The probate records 
show no will or letters of administration. 

His third wife must have been the " vSarah Hale, aged 33," who testified 
against Caleb Powell at the March term of the Ipswich Court in 1680, to 
the effect that Joseph Moores had often said in her hearing, " that if there 
were any wizards he was sure Caleb Powell was one ! " (Coffin, p. 125.) 
He died in Newbury, June 2, 1707. Children : 

By first wife. 
13. i. JoHN,^ b. Sept. 2, 1661 ; m. Sarah Jaques. 

By second wife. 

Samuel,^ b. Oct. 15, 1664; d. May 15, 1672. 
Henry,3 b. Oct. 20, 1666 ; m. Sarah Kelly. 
Thomas,^ b. Nov. 4, 1668 ; died s.y. before 1710. 
Judith,^ b. July 5, 1670 ; m. Thomas Moody. 

By third wife. 

Joseph,^ b. Nov. 24, 1674 ; m. Mary Moody. 
Benjamin,^' b. Aug. II, 1676; d. Aug. 31, 1677. 
Moses, ^ b. July 10, 1678; m. first, Elizabeth Dummer ; second, Mary 
Moody. 

4. Samuel^ Hale [Thomas^), born in Newbury, Feb. 2, 1639-40. 
A manuscript of the late Joshua Coffin says he married, first, March 19, 
1669, Lydia Musgrave. I find no other trace of her. He married, second (?), 
July 21, 1673, Sarah, dau. of William and Barbara Ilsley of Newbury. 
She was born in Newbury, Aug. 8, 1655, and died in Woodbridge, N. J., 
Jan. 16, 1680-81. 

There was a Samuel Hale borne on the tax lists of Dover, N. H., in 
1665 and 1666, who may have been this Samuel. About 1665 to 1670, he 
emigrated with, or following a considerable colony from Newbury and vici- 
nity, to New Jersey, where they founded a town to which they gave the 
name of Woodbridge, in honor of Rev. John Woodbridge of Newbury. In 
this colony Mr. Hale was a leading member. He was elected marshal of 
the township court in January, 1670-71; was constable in 1680; an 
associate justice of the same court 1683 to 1692, and then and thencefor- 
ward known as " Judge Hale ; " was leader of a " squad " in erecting for- 
tifications in 1675; member of various town committees 1682 to 1697; 
lieutenant in the military company, 1682-1697 ; " rate gatherer " in 1684; 
was on committee to obtain consent of Rev. Mr. Shepard to ordination in 

* Her maiden name wa<? Symonds ; and it has been asserted that she was a dancjhtcr of 
the Deputy Governor Samuel Symonds of Ipswicli ; but I am informed by William S. Ap- 
plcton, Esq., who has published in his work entitled " Ancestry of Prisciila Baker," p. 61- 
102, an account of the Symonds family of I|)swich, that this is uot true. The will of 
Dcp. Gov. Symonds, which Mr. Appleton prints, makes a bequest to his " dau.ffhter 
Hale," and names his " sonne John Hale" as an overseer. But Mr. Appleton is convinced 
that these persons are Mrs. Rebecca (By lev) Hale (step-dau. of Deii. Gov. Symonds) and 
her husband, the Rev. John^ Hale of Beverly, son of Robert' Hale of Churlestown.— ii. s. h. 





n. 


14. 


iii. 




iv. 


15. 


V. 


16. 


vi. 




vii. 


17. 


viii 



1877.] Thomas Hale of Newbury. 87 

1701, and to repair the meeting-house in 1703 ; on the organization of the 
church (Congregational) in January, 1708-9, he heads the list of members 
as one of the three who had been communicants elsewhere, and has the 
title of "assistant; " was justice of the peace in 1700. 

The town record of Woodbridge contains the entry, " Samuel Hale, Esq. 
departed this life November y® 5'^ 1709, Being sixty nine years nine mouths 
and three days old. He died of the Small Pox." 

Lands were laid off to him by the proprietors of Woodbridge, 207 acres 
in 1669, 12 acres in 1688, 3 acres in 1696, 22 acres in 1708, and 60 acres 
in 1709. In 1712 Moses Rolph was " accepted as a freeholder in Wood- 
bridge, in right of his father-in-law, Samuel Hale," by vote of town meet- 
ing of freeholders and inhabitants, and further lands were set off to him in 
that right in 1715 and 1717. Children : 

i. Sarah, ^ b. in Woodbridoje, Oct. 25, 1675, and baptized in Newbury, 
Aug. 12, 1677. Probably died young. 

18. ii. AIary,^ b. in Woodbridge, Nov. 28, 1678 ; m. first, Higgins ; 

second, Moses Rolph. 

5. Apphia' Hale (^Thomas),^ born in Newbury, 1642; married in 
Newbury, Nov. 3, 1659, Benjamin Rolfe of Newbury, a weaver. They 
lived in Newbury, where their children were all born, and where he died 
August, 1710, and she died Dec. 24, 1708. Children : 

i. John' Rolfe. b. Oct. 12, 1660 ; removed to Woodbridge, N. J., after 
April 27, 1685, and there married Sarah Moores, July 18, 1688. It 
is probable that by a former marriage he was the father of " Moses 
Rolph " (No. 18). 

ii. Benjamin' Rolfe, b. Sept. 13, 1662 ; grad. Harv. Coll. 1684 ; ordained 
minister at Haverhill, Jan. 1694 ; chaplain to the colonial troops at 
Falmouth, 1689 ; m. Mehitabie Atwater, March 12, 1693-4. Killed 
with his wife and two children by the Indians at Haverhill, Aug. 
29,1708. From his daughter Elizabeth ,'* saved from death at the 
hands of the savages by the faithfulness and heroism of the " slave 
Hagar," and subsequently the wife of Rev. Samuel Cheekley (Harv. 
1715), were descended Rev. SamueF Cheekley (Harv. 1743), Eliza- 
beth,* wife of Gov. Samuel Adams (Harv. 1740), the wife^ of Rev. 
Dr. John Lathrop (N. J. Coll. 1763), John^ Lathrop (Harv. 1789), 
John Lothrop^ Motley (Harv. 1831), the historian, and Prof. Thos.^ 
Motley, of Harvard University, and Samuel^ Adams (Harv. 1770). 
Mary,* saved with her sister Elizabeth, married Col. Estes Hatch, of 
Dorchester. 

iii. Apphia^ Rolfe, b. March 8, 1667 ; m. John Jepson. 

iv. Mary^ Rolfe, b. Sept. 16, 1669 ; d. young. 

V. Samuel^ Rolfe, b. Jan. 14, 1672-3 ; m. Sarah Jepson. 

vi. Mary^ Rolfe, b. Nov. 11, 1674 ; d. young. 

vii. Henry^ Rolfe, b. Oct. 12, 1677. 

viii. Elizabeth^ Rolfe, b. Dec. 15, 1679. 

ix. Nathaniel^ Rolfe, b. Nov. 12, 1681. 

X. Abigail^ Rolfe, b. May 5, 1684. 

6. Thomas^ Hale (Tliomas,'^ Thomas^), born in Newbury, Feb. 11, 
1658-9; married. May 16, 1682, Sarah, dau. of Ezekiel and Edna 
(Halsted) Northend of Rowley. She was born in Rowley, Dec. 3, 1661, 
and died there April 26, 1732. He spent most of his life in Newbury, 
on the farm on the " Neck," conveyed to him by his father, but in 1726 
bought a small piece of land in Rowley, built a house on it and removed 
thither, "so as to be near the meeting-house," and died there, April 12, 
1730. 



88 Thomas Hale of Newhury, [Jan. 

He was a prominent and highly-esteemed citizen, held commissions in 
Newbury as justice of the peace and captain in the militia, was a repre- 
sentative in the General Court, 1713-14, and was locally known as "Jus- 
tice Hale." lie was a man of immense size and strength, weighing, ac- 
cording to tradition, over five hundred pounds, and had a voice of propor- 
tionate power. He received a handsome estate from his father, and trans- 
mitted a much larger one to his children. 

By his will, dated April 6, 1730, and proved before Hon. John Appleton, 
Judge of Probate, May 4, 1730, after providing for his family and making 
his " dear and loving wife Sarah whole and sole executrix," he provides, 
" I see cause to leave fifty pounds in the hands of the church of Christ here 
in Rowley, which they shall have after my wife's decease to let out, and 
my will is that y® priucipall should always remain good and that the inter- 
est should be disposed of by them for the releaf of the poore bretheren of 
the church." He had previously given to the church in his life-time a sil- 
ver communion service. 

Among the provisions of the will is one requiring two of the sons to fur- 
nish their mother each year certain quantities of wheat, rye, corn, barley 
malt, pork, beef, " ten pounds of sheep's wool and ten pounds of flax and 
two pounds of cotton woolP All the other articles they were required to 
furnish were evidently intended to be such as they produced on their own 
farms. Is it possible that " cotton wool " came under the same category, 
and that cotton was then raised in small quantities on the lands of Essex ? 

It may be noted, too, as somewhat remarkable for that day and for such 
an estate, that the will makes no mention of any " servants." His son 
Ezekiel's will, six years later, bequeaths " my negro man Cnesar," and in 
1743 the Rev. Moses Hale of Byfield (post ^o. 17) disposes of "two 
Negroes." Children, all born in Newbury : 

i. Thomas,* b. March 9, 1683 ; m. Anna Short ; d. Jan. 6, 1746-7. 

ii. Edna,* b. Nov. 21, 1684; m. George Little. 

iii. Mary,* b. April 28, 1687 ; m. Moses Little. 

iv. EzEKiEL,* b. May 13, 1689 ; m. first, Ruth Emery ; second, Sarah 

(Poor) Spafiord ; d. April 15, 1740. 
V. Nathan,* b, June 2, 1691 ; in. Elizabeth Kent; d. 1767. 
vi. Sarah,* b. March 9, 1693 ; m. Joseph Pearson, 
vii. Ebenezer,* b. April 21, 1695; drowned May 25, 1715, unmarried, 
viii. Daniel,* b. Feb. 22, 1696-7 ; m. Judith Emery ; killed in siege of 

Louisburg, May 21, 1745. 
ix. Hannah,* b. June 7, 1699 ; m. Thomas VVicom. 

X. Joshua,* b. 17 March, 1701 ; m. Hannah Woodman ; d. April 20, 1742. 
xi. MosES,* b. 1703 ; m. Elizabeth Wheeler; d. June 19, 1762. 

Ten of these eleven children left families, and the descendants of all, or 
nearly all, of these ten are traced to the present time. 

The eldest son of Thomas^ was Thomas,* whose eldest son was Thomas,' 
and his only son was Thomas,^ in whom terminated an unbroken line of 
seven Thomas Hales, eldest sons in succession, from Thomas^ of Newbury. 
Thomas^ enlisted in April, 1777, in Capt. Benjamin Stone's company of the 
3d New Hampshire Battalion of continental troops, and was killed in bat- 
tle at Ilubbardton, Vt., July 7, 1777, at the age of 20, and unmarried. 

From Thomas'* also descended Rev. Dr. Benjamin^ Hale (Bowdoin Coll. 
1818) (Thomas,"' Benjamin,^ Thomas,* Thomas*), and his brothers Moses 
Little,' Thomas,' Josiah Little,' Edward,^ p:benezer' (M.D. Dart. Coll. 
1829), and Joshua,' and his sister Alice Little,' wife of Rev. John Charles 
March (Yale, 1825). The children of Benjamin^ were Benjamin^ (Ilobart 



1877.] Thomas Hale of Neiohury, 8 9 

Coll., N. Y., 1848), the present lineal representative of Thomas,^ Thomas' 
(same, 1853), Cyrus King' (same, 1858), Josiah Little' (same, 1860), and 
Sarah Elizabeth,^ wife of Rev. Dr. Malcolm Douglass, late President of 
Norwich University, Vt., now of Andover, Mass. Eben Thomas^ Hale 
(Yale, 1862) also descended from Thomas,"* through Thomas,* Benjamin,^ 
Ebenezer.^ 

From Thomas,^ through his son Oliver,* came Dr. William' Hale, who 
settled in Virginia, married Miss Sarah Quarles, and became the ancestor 
of a numerous posterity now scattered through Virginia, South Carolina, 
Alabama and Florida, among v\''hom may be noted Samuel Quarles"'' Hale 
of Alabama, and his sons Joseph White^ Hale of Montgomery, Ala., and 
Anthony White^ Hale (Oglethorpe Coll., Georgia, 1861), who was killed 
in the confederate service at Chancellorsville, in May, 1863; Dr. James 
Overton"^ Hale of Florida ; and Elvira,' wife of Rev. Robert Hodges, a 
graduate of South Carolina College. Also, in female lines, Anthony^ White 
(Davidson Coll., N. C, 1847) of Sumter, S. C, and William^ White (same, 
1857), who was in the confederate service during the rebellion, and killed 
in battle before Richmond, June 30, 1862. 

From Ezekiel^ Hale descended Rev. Christopher Sargent' Hale (Brown 
Univ. 1820), and Hon. Ezekiel J. M.' Hale (Dart. 1835) of Haverhill, 
Mass. 

From Dr. Nathan^ Hale, a highly respected citizen of Newburyport, 
came Nathan* (Harv. 1739), Dr. Eliphalet^ of Exeter, N. H., and his son 
Dr. Eliphalet^; and in female lines, Hon. Nicholas' Emery (Dart. 1795), 
Charles Emery' Soule (Bowd. 1842), Nicholas Emery^ Soule (Harv. 1845), 
Augustus Lord' Soule (Harv. 1846), Charles Emery^ Stevens (Dart. 1835), 
and Ivan^ Stevens (Dart. 1842), Elizabeth' Emery, wife of Gideon Lane 
Soule (Bowd. 1818) of Exeter, N. H., Catherine' Emery, wife of Boswell 
Stevens (Dart. 1804), and Elizabeth Emery Hurd' Stevens, wife of Rev. 
Seth Warriner Bannister (Amherst, 1835). 

Daniel* commanded a company in Col. Samuel Waldo's Mass. regiment 
in the expedition against Louisburg in 1745, and was killed at the head of 
his company in the trenches before that fortification. May 21, 1745. His 
descendants are numerous in Essex county, Mass., and elsewhere. Among 
them are the late Francis Pickard^ Hale (Bowd. 1845) of Charlestown, 
Mass., and Daniel Harris' Hale, Esq., of Rowley, president of the Rowley 
Historical Society. 

The descendants of Joshua* are also found largely in Essex county and 
in Boston. Among them are Pemberton' Hale of Salem, and Thomas' 
Hale, and his son Thomas Pemberton' Hale, both of Rowley. 

Moses* Hale settled in Rindge, N. H., and died there. His daughters 
Elizabeth^ married Jacob Gould, Eunice* married James Philbrick, and 
Lucy* married Henry Coffeen. All have left descendants. His son Moses* 
spent his life and died in Rindge, where his descendants are still numerous. 

Col. Enoch* Hale (son of Moses*) was one of the most prominent sup- 
porters of the Revolutionary cause in New Hampshire, and distinguished 
both in military and civil life ; was a member of the New Hampshire Pro- 
vincial Congress, Senate and Council. He served in the old French war, 
and was with Col. Monroe at the capture of Fort William Henry and sub- 
sequent massacre there. In the Revolutionary War was colonel of a " Geo- 
graphical Regiment," and was repeatedly in active service, and acted also 
as quartermaster general of the state. From him descended Joshua* Hale, 
Esq., of Newbury, Vt., who rivalled his great-grandfather Thomas^ in phy- 



90 Thomas Hale of Neiobury, [Jan. 

sical size ; Charles' Hale, Esq., of Newbury, Vt., Oscar Cutler" Hale, Esq., 
of Keokuk, Iowa, William' Hale, Esq., civil engineer, of Essex Junction, 
Vt., and Henry Clay^ Hale, Esq., civil enf^ineer, of Washington Territory. 

Col. Nathan* Hale, youngest son of Moses,* born in Hampstead, N. H., 
Sept. 23, 1743, removed with his father to Rindge about 1760, married, 
Jan. 28, 1766, Abigail, daughter of Col. John and Joanna (Boynton) Grout 
of Lunenburg, Mass., was the first constable of Rindge at its organization 
in 1768; moderator at the annual town meetings in 1773, 1774 and 1775 ; 
captain of a company of minute-men in 1774; marched his company to 
Cambridge on the alarm of the battle of Lexington in Api-i), 1775; was 
commissioned major in the 3d New Hampshire regiment, June 2, 1775; 
Lt.-Colonel in the 2d Battalion, N. H. line, Nov. 8, 1776, and Colonel of 
the same April 2, 1777. He served at Bunker Hill, in New York under 
Washinorton in 1776, at Ticonderoo^a under St. Clair in 1777 until its evac- 
uation, was taken prisoner at Hubbardton July 7, 1777, was discharged on 
a limited parol, not to serve again till exchanged, and to return within the 
enemy's lines within two years if not sooner exchanged, and left Ticonde- 
roga for his home in Rindge, July 20, 1777. He remained at Rindge till 
June 14, 1779, when, not having been exchanged, he returned within the 
enemy's lines, pursuant to his parol, and remained a prisoner till his death 
in New Utrecht, L. L, Sept. 23, 1780. Of his children, Charlotte^ married 
Dr. Abraham Lowe of Ashburnham, and was the mother of Dr. Abraham 
T.' Lowe (M.D. Dart. 1816), and from her are also descended William J.^ 
Cutler and Abraham L.^ Cutler of Boston, Lewis G.^ Lowe (M.D. Dart. 
1864), Lewis Lowe^ Abbott (Yale, 1866) and Joseph Whitin^ Abbott (Yale 
1868). 

Nathan^ Hale of Windsor, Vt., and afterwards of Chelsea, Vt., where 
he died, had children : John Tyler' Hale, formerly of Boston, died at 
Washington, Iowa ; Raymond' Hale, whose son Col. Oscar Adrian^ Hale 
(Dart. 1860) was a gallant officer in the Union army in the war of the 
rebellion, and died in South America in 1867 ; Dr. Nathan Grout' Hale 
of Windsor, Vt. ; Mary,' wife of Col. Ralph Hosford of Thetford, Vt., and 
afterwards of John White of Woodstock, Vt. ; and Stella Jane,' wife of 
Chauncey Smith, Esq., of Washington, D. C, whose son Capt. Nathan A. 
C.^ Smith served in the Union army during the war of the rebellion. Eli- 
phalet^ Hale, an honored citizen of Boston, who died at Keene, N. H., 
had children : Mary Whitwell' Hale, for many years a teacher in Taunton, 
Mass., a well-known writer of prose and verse, and who died at Keene, 
N. H., and George Hale, Esq. now of Boston. 

Harry^ Hale, youngest son of Col. Nathan,* settled first at Windsor, Vt., 
and afterwards, in 1807, at Chelsea, Vt, where he died June 2, 1861, at 
the age of 81, after an honored and useful life, both in public and private 
stations. By his first wife Phebe, daughter of David and Phebe (Spoffbrd) 
Adams of Rindge, N. H., he had children : Polly,' who married Dr. Hiram 
Bliss (M.D. Dart. 1825), and whose sons are Henry Hale^ Bliss of New 
York city, Charles Edward^ Bliss of Bangor, Me., Hiram^ Bliss, Esq., 
of Washington, Me., and George^ Bliss of Waldoboro', Me. ; Mark' 
Hale, midshipman in the United States Navy ; Louisa,' who married 
Rev. Elihu Scott, now of Hampton, N. H., whose surviving children 
are Professor Joseph Gould^ Scott of the State Normal School at West- 
field, Mass., Harry Hale^ Scott (Dart. 1871), and Julia,^ wife of Francis 
Asbury Smith (Wesl. Univ. 1859) of Elizabethtown, N. Y. ; Phebe Ad- 
ams' Hale, wife of Stephen Vincent, Esq., of Chelsea, Vt., among whose 



1877.] Thomas Hale of Newbury, 91 

children are Dr. "Walter Scott^ Vincent (M.D. Univ. Vt. 18G1) of Burling- 
ton, Vt., a surgeon in the Vt. Volunteers, and Ann Eliza, wife of Dr. Story 
Norman Goss (M.D. Dart. 1857) of Chelsea, Vt., who was also a surgeon 
of Vt. Volunteers ; Thomas'^ Hale, Esq. (A.M. at Univ. Vt. 1852) of Keene, 
N. H. ; and Henry^ Hale, Esq. (Univ. Vt. 1840), of St. Paul, Minn. By 
his second wife Lucinda, daughter of Capt. Ephraim and Mary (SafFord) 
Eddy of Woodstock, Vt., and who was a lineal descendant of Miles Stand- 
ish and John Alden of Plymouth, 1620, his children were: Abigail Grout^ 
Hale of Chelsea, Vt. ; Dr. SafFord Eddy^ Hale (M.D. Dart. 1841) of Eliza- 
bethtown, N. Y., whose son Frederick ChurchilP Hale is a lawyer at Chica- 
go ; Laura Charlotte,'^ wife of Rev. William Tyler Herrick (Univ. Vt. 1839), 
and whose son William Hale^ Herrick (Williams Coll. 1871) is professor 
in Grinnell College, Iowa; Robert SafFord'^ Hale (Univ. Vt. 1842), late 
M.C. from New York, and whose son Harry^ Hale is a lawyer, both resid- 
ing at Elizabethtown, N. Y. ; Rev. John Gardner' Hale (Univ. Vt. 1845) 
of Chester, Vt. ; William Bainbridge^ Hale, P]sq., of Northampton, Mass., 
whose sons are Philip^ (Yale, 187 G) and Edward^ now a member of the 
class of 1879 in Harvard College ; and Hon. Matthew'^ Hale (Univ. Vt. 
1851) of Albany, N. Y. 

7. Abigail' Hale [Thomas,^ TJwmas^)^ born in Newbury, April 8, 
1662; married at same place, Sept. 2, 1679, Henry, son of John Poor of 
Newbury, born there Dec. 13, 1650. They resided in Newbury till about 
1695, seven of their children having been born there, and then removed to 
the north part of Rowley, about that time known as Rowlbury, and after- 
wards as l^yfield Parish, where the three youngest children were born. 
Children : 

i. Abigail'* Poor, b. Sept. 9, 1680. 

ii. Henry* Poor, b. Jan. 31, 1681-2 ; m. Mary Holmes. 

iii. Jeremiah'* Poor, b. Jan. 10, 1683-4. 

iv. Mary* Poor, b. April 10, 1086 ; d. young. 

V. Mary* Poor, b. Sept. 20, 1687. 

vi. Hannah* Poor, b. July 19, 1692. 

vii. Sarah* Poor, b. Jan. 18, 1693-4. 

viii. Benjamin* Poor, b. March 23, 1695-6 ; m. Elizabeth Felt. 

ix. Elizabeth* Poor, b. April 9, 1698. 

X. Daniel* Poor, b. Oct. 15, 1700. 

From some of these childi-en a numerous posterity exists. 

8. PIannah^ Hale {Thomas!^ Thomas^), born in Newbury, Nov. 29, 
1663 ; married Aug. 14, 1684 (as his second wife) William, son of Francis 
and Mary (Foster) Peabody of Boxford. They resided in Boxford, where 
he died in March, 1699, and she died Feb. 23, 1733. Children : 

i. Stephen* Peabody, b. Aug. 5, 1685 ; m. Hannah Swan, 
ii. Mary* Peabody, b. April 11, 1687 ; m. Joseph Symonds. 
iii. Ephraim* Peabody, b. April 23, 1689 ; m. Hannah Redington. 
iv. Richard* Peabody, b. Feb. 7, 1691 ; m. Ruth Kimball. 
V. Hannah* Peabody, b. Aug. 1693 ; m. Jonathan Foster. 

vi. John* Peabody, b. Aua;. 1, 1695 ; m. Sarah . 

vii. Abiel* Peabody, b. 1697. 

viii. Oliver* Peabody, b. May 7, 1698 ; m. Hannah Baxter. 

Of these children, Oliver"* (Harv. 1721) was the honored pastor of the 
church in Natick, where he died, Feb. 2, 1752. Of his children, Oliver* 
(Harv. 1745) was pastor of the first church in Roxbury from 1750 to his 
death, Ms^y 29, 1752, at the age of 26, Hannah* was the wife of Rev. 
Elizur Holyoke (Harv. 1750). 



92 Thomas Hale of Newhury, [Jan. 

From Stephen^ descended Hannah'^ Peabody, wife of Rev. Humphrey 
Moor (Ilarv. 1799). 

From Epliraim^ descended Rev. Epliraim^ Peabody of Boston (Bowd. 
1827) and liis children, tlie wife of President Charles William Eliot of 
Harvard University (Ilarv. 1853), the wife of Rev. Dr. Henry W. Bel- 
lows of New York (Ilarv. 1832), Robert Swain^ Peabody (Ilarv. 1866), 
and Rev. Francis Greenwood' Peabody (Harv. 1869); also Hon. John® 
Appleton of Bangor, Me. (Bowd. 1822). 

From Richard^ descended Samuel® Peabody (Dart. 1803) and his son 
Hon. Charles Augustus"^ Peabody of New York, and his sons Duane 
Livingston^ Peabody (Colum. Coll. 1868), Charles Augustus^ Peabody 
(same, 1869), and George Livingston^ Peabody (same, 1870). Also Adriel* 
Peabody, formerly a lawyer at Plattsburgh, N. Y., and his son Oliver Da- 
vidson' Peabody, Esq., of Keeseville, N. Y. 

From John* descended Rev. Stephen* Peabody (Harv. 1769), Hon. Oli- 
ver® Peabody (Harv. 1773), Stephen® Peabody (Harv. 1794), Rev. Oliver 
William Bourne^ Peabody, and Rev. William Bourne Oliver' Peabody 
(both of Harv. 1816), his sons. Col. Everett" Peabody (Harv. 1849), who 
fell nobly at Shiloh in April, 1862, and Francis H." Peabody, Oliver W.^ 
Peabody and William B. O.^ Peabody, of Boston, also Lucretia Orne' Pea. 
body, wife of Hon. Alexander Hill Everett (Harv. 1806), Augustus^ Pea- 
body (Dart. 1803), and his sons Augustus Goddard' Peabody (Harv. 1837), 
Owen Glendour' Peabody (Dart. 1842) and Edward Thatcher' Peabody, 
professor in Lagrange College, Ky. 

9. Lydia' Hale {Thomas^ Thomas^)^ b. in Newbury, April 17, 
1666; married, Sept. 10, 1691, James son of Samuel and Sarah Platts of 
Rowley. He was born in Rowley, June 11, 1661. Lived in Rowley. 
Children : 

i. Samuel* Platts, b. Jan. 30, 1693-4 ; m. first, Sarah Varnum ; second, 

Mary Bennett. 

ii. Mary^ Platts, b. June 19, 1698 ; d. young, 

iii. Mary'* Platts, b. Sept. 5, 1700 ; m. Henry Abbott, 

iv. Jambs'* Platts, d. Aug. 18, 1703. 

v. James^ Platts, d. Feb. 14, 1722-3. 

vi. Sarau* Platts, b. June 22, 1710 ; m. Leonard Cooper. 

10. Elizabeth^ Hale ( Thomas^ Thomas^), born in Newbury, Oct. 16, 
1668 ; m. May 31, 1687 (as his second wife) Samuel, son of John and Jane 
(Crosby) Pickard of Rowley. Lived in Rowley, where he was a leading 
citizen, and was representative in the General Court in 1723 and 1724. He 
was born in Rowley in May, 1663. She died June 29, 1730. Savage says 
their " descendants in Rowley have been numerous and respectable." 
Children : 

i. Samufj/ Pickard, b. March 9, 1687-8 ; d. June 9, 1689. 

ii. Samuel* Pickard, b. Dec. 4, 1689. 

iii. Thomas'* Pickard, b. Feb. 6, 1690-1 ; m. Meliitable Dresser. 

iv. MosEs* Pickard, b. Dec. 4, 1694 ; m. Lydia Plats. 

V. Elizabetu* Pickard, b. March 22, 1696^7 ; m. Thomas Dickinson. 

vi. Mary" I'kkard, b. Aug 20, 1698. 

vii. Josei'h" Pickard, b. March 17, 1700-1 ; m. Sarah Jewett. 

viii. Jane* Pickard, b. May 5, 1704 ; m. Joseph Stickuey. 

H. Joseph^ Hale {lliomaSy^ 77iomas^), born in Newbury, Feb. 20, | 
1670-1. Settled in Poxford as early as 1692. Married Nov. 15, 1693, 



1877.] Thomas Hale of Newbury, 93 

Mary, daughter of William and Sarah (Perley) Watson of Boxford. She 
died in Boxford, Feb. 1, 1707-8, and he married second (" published " 
Sept. 19, 1708) "widow Joanna Dodge of Ipswich." He died at Boxford, 
Feb. 13, 1761, at the age of 90. He was a man of handsome estate, and of 
high standing and large influence in his town ; was successively ensign, lieu- 
tenant and captain in the militia ; was for many years selectman, and repre- 
sented Boxford in the General Court for sixteen years, between 1714 and 
1735. In the numerous conveyances of real estate given and received by 
him, he is described as " husbandman," " yeoman," " house-carpenter," and 
in the later years of his life, " gentleman." His children were as follows : 

By first wife : 

i. Joseph,* b. Aug. 23, 1694 ; m. first, Mary Hovey ; second, widow Sa- 
rah Hovey; third, widow Lydia Brown; fourth, widow Susannah 
Fellows. Died Oct. 5, 1778. 

ii. Jacob,* b. 1696; m, first, Hannah Goodhue ; second, Mary Harriman. 
Died April 17, 1731. 

iii. Mary,* b. Oct. 1, 1697 ; d. Aug. 29, 1702. 

iv. Ambrose,* b. Feb. 10, 1698-9 ; in. first, Joanna Dodge ; second, Han- 
nah Symonds. Died April 13, 1767. 

v. Abner,* b, Aug. 2, 1700; m. first, Ruth Perkins; second, Keziah 
(Smith) Baker ; third, Eunice Kimball. Died Feb. 13, 1761. 

vi. Moses,* b. Dec. 25, 1701 ; grad. at Harv. Coll. 1722 ; minister at 
Chester, IS. H., 1730-1734 ; m. Abigail Wainwright ; d. 1760. 

vii. Sarah,* b. April 6, 1704 ; m, Jacob Kimball; d. Jan. 11, 1723-4. 

By second wife: 

viii. Hepzibah,* b. Sept. 24, 1709 ; m. John Curtis. 

ix. Lydia,* b. March 23, 1710-11 ; m. Nathan Perley. 

X. Margaret,* b. Feb. 23, 1712-13 ; m. Amos Kimball. 

xi. Thomas,* b. Jan. 8, 1714-15 ; m. Mary Kimball ; d. Sept. 18, 1796. 

xii. John,* b. July 12, 1717 ; m. Priscilla Peabody (a gr.-dau. of Hannahj 

(Hale) Peabody, No. 8 su:pra) ; d. 1771. 
xiii. Hannah,* b. April 27, 1719 ; m. Benjamin Batchelder. 
xiv, BexNJamin,* b. March 2, 1720-1 ; d. 1723. 

The posterity of Joseph,' generally designated as the " Boxford branch " 
of the family, is numerous. The descendants of Joseph,* who lived and 
died in Boxford, still reside to a large extent in that town. Others are 
found in Vermont, and Dr. Joseph^ Hale (from Joseph* through Joseph,* 
Joseph^ and Joseph"^) resides at Miller's Corners, Ontario county, N. Y., 
having an infant son Joseph.' 

Ambrose** settled in Harvard, Mass., and died there. His descendants 
are mostly to be found in Maine. Among them are Hon. Eugene^ Hale 
(A.M. at Bowd. 1869), M.C. from Maine. Frederick^ Hale (Waterville 
Coil. 1862) and Clarence" Hale (Bowd. 1869). 

Abner* lived and died in Boxford. Several of his children were among 
the early settlers of Winchendon, Mass., where many descendants are still 
found, among whom is Oren Sylvester^ Hale. Others are found in Maine, 
New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Hlinois and California. His daugh- 
ter Judith,^ born Oct. 14, 1747, married, April 12, 1768, Absalom Towne, 
aad settled first in Winchendon, but afterwards removed to Paris, Oneida 
County, N. Y., where she died March 16, 1854, at the age of 106 years 
and five months ! Moses,* son of Abner,"* a leading citizen of Winchendon, 
died in that town in 1828 at the age of 86 ; and oihis children, Hon. Arte- 
mas^ Hale, of Bridgewater, formerly M.C. from Massachusetts, still sur- 
vives in a vigorous old age at 93 ; Achsa,^ wife of Joseph Coolidge, still 

VOL. XXXI. 9 



94 Thomas Hale of J^eiohury, [Jan. 

lives lit 95, wliile Lucy^ died unraarried in Bridgewatcr, Feb. 5, 1876, at 
the age of 08 years and five months. Among the other descendants of 
Abner'' may be named Charles George Clinton^ Hale (Ilarv. 1831), David' 
Hale (Bowd. 18GU), SamueF Hale, merchant of Chicago, 111., William^ 
Hale, formerly of Detroit, and afterwards a leading lawyer of San Francisco, 
Cal., wdiere he died a few years since, Albert Cable® Hale (Rochester Univ. 
18G9), George David^ Hale (Rochester Univ. 1870), Laura,^ wife of Rev. 
James Ripley Wheelock (Dart. 1807), and Rev. John' Keyes (Dart. 1803). 

From Margaret,* who married Amos Kimball of Boxford, is descended 
Dr. Walter Henry^ Kimball of Andover (Dart. 1841). 

Thomas* was one of the first settlers of North Brookfield, Mass., and 
had thirteen children, all of whom save one lived to be married. Of them, 
"William^ was a physician in Boxford, among whose descendants is William 
Augnstus® Herrick, Esq. (Dart. 1854). Thomas* was for many years a 
state senator from Worcester county, a magistrate, and a man high in influ- 
ence and authority in his town and 'county ; Mordecai* was a surgeon in 
the Revolutionary army, settled in Westchester county, N. Y., married 
Catherine, daughter of Gen. William Paulding and sister of James K. 
Paulding, and his daughter Maria^ became the wife of Lewis G. Irving, Esq., 
of Peekskill, son of William and nephew of Washington Irving. Among 
the other descendants of Thomas* were William Hale^ Mayuard (Williams 
1810), a distinguished lawyer of Utica, N. Y., and member of the state sen- 
ate of New York, who died of cholera in 1832 ; Rev. Dr. Montgomery S.^ 
Goodale (Amherst 1834), Rev. Thomas^ Adams (Dart. 1814), Martha 
Maria,' wife of Rev. Myron S. Dudley (Williams 1863), Mordecai^ Hale, 
Esq., of Hardwick, Yt., and Capt. Owen' Hale of the 7th Cavalry, U.S.A. 

The descendants of John* are in large part in New Brunswick and Nova 
Scotia ; among them the late James'' Hale, Esq., of St. John, N. B., and 
his sons Henry,' James Frederick' and John Strong.' 

12. Samuel^ Hale {Thomas,^ Tliomas^), born in Newbury, June 6, 
1674. Settled about 1699 in Bradford (the part now Groveland), at a place 
still known as " Hale's Corners." He married, first, in Rowley, Nov. 3, 
1698, Martha, the dau. of Samuel and Mary (Pearson) Palmer of Rowley, 
where she was born, April 24, 1677. She was the mother of all his child- 
ren, and died in Bradford, June 14, 1723. He married, second, Dec. 30, 
1723, Sarah, widow of Edward Hazen, and daughter of John Perley, who 
survived him and died between Nov. 30, 1758, and July 18, 1759. He died 
Dec. 13, 1745. He was a man of handsome estate, a leading man in his 
town, and a farmer of a superior order, especially distinguished as a fruit- 
grower. Children : 

i. Samuel,* b. Oct. 23, 1699 ; m. first, Hannah Ilovey ; second, Sarah 

Haseltine. Died May 24, 1770. 

ii. Jonathan,* b. Jan. 9, 1701-2 ; m. Susannah Tuttle. 

iii. Mauy,* b. May 27, 1705 ; m. George Carleton. 

iv. Martha,* b. June 15, 1709 ; m. Moses Jewett. 

V. Jane,* b. Aug. 1, 1711 ; m. Philip Tenney. 

vi. David,* b. Sept. 30, 1714 ; m. Sarah Bond ; d. 1776. 

His descendants, known as the " Bradford branch," are less numerous 
than those of either his brother Thomas^ or Joseph,^ though many in both 
male and female lines are to be found in IMassachusetts, New Hampshire, 
Maine, Utali and elsewhere. From his son Samuel^ descended Jonathan 
Ilarriman"^ Hale, a bishop of the Mormon church, who died iu Iowa, and whoso 



1877.] Thomas Hale of Newbury, 95 

descendants reside in Utah and Idaho, and are leading members of the 
Mormon church ; also Hon. Moses^ Hale of Rochester, N. H., formerly a 
member of the state senate of New Hampshire, and his children, Calvin'^ 
Hale, Esq., of Dover, N. H., and Caroline,"^ wife of Rev. Louis Turner 
(Bowd. 1831). Jonathan* was the father of Dr. John' Hale of Hollis, N.H., 
distinguished by his patriotic services in the Revolutionary war, also of 
Abigail,* the wife of Col. William Prescott of glorious memory at Bunker 
Hill, and of Martha,^ wife of Rev. Peter Powers (Harv. 1754). Through 
Mrs. Prescott, SamueP was the ancestor of Judge William^ Prescott ( Harv. 
1783), of William Hickling'^ Prescott, the historian (Harv. 1814), Edward 
Goldsborough^ Prescott (Harv. 1825), William Gardner^ Prescott (Harv. 
1844), Catherine Elizabeth,"^ wife of Franklin Dexter (Harv. 1812), and 
Elizabeth,^ wife of James Lawrence (Harv. 1840). Among his other de- 
scendants may be named Samuel^ Hale (Dart. 1796), John Cushman^ Hale 
(Dart. 1857), Edwin BlaisdelP Hale (Dart. 1865), George Weeks« Hale 
(Bowd. 1869), Horace Morrison^ Hale (Union Coll. 1856), Sarah,^ wife of 
Rev. Stedman Wright Hanks (Amherst, 1837), Samuel Brown"^ Hale, Esq., 
of Buenos Ayres, S. A., Elizabeth,^ wife of William Reol Lejee, Esq., of 
Philadelphia, Luke'^ Hale, Esq., of Hollis, N. H., and Theodore P.' Hale, 
Esq., of Boston. 

13. JoHN^ Hale [John^ T7iomas^), born in Newbury, Sept. 2, 1661; 
married in Newbury, Oct. 16, 1683, Sarah, daughter of Henry and Anna 
(Knight) Jaques of Newbury, who was born in Newbury, March 20, 1664. 
He was a carpenter, spent his life in Newbury, and died there, March 4, 
1725-6 ; was in moderate circumstances, and always highly respected. His 
wife survived him. Children : 

i. Kebecca,* b. Feb. 18, 1684-5 ; m. Jonathan Poor. 

ii. JoHN,'^ b. June 24, 1686 ; m. first. Patience Dole ; second, Mary . 

Died about 1770. 
iii. Richard ,4 b. Sept. 21, 1688 ; d. Sept. 1688. 
iv. Henry ,^ b. Aug. 28, 1689 ; d. Feb. 2, 1689-90. 
V. Richard,^ b. Nov. 9, 1690 ; m, Mary Silver ; d. 1771. 
vi. Stephen,* b. April 12, 1693 ; m. Sarah Swett; d. about 1744. 
vii. Sarah,* b. Feb. 3, 169i-5 : m. John Weed, 
viii. Samuel,* b. March 21, 1697; d. 1722, unmarried, 
ix. Benjamin,* b. March 24, 1699 ; m. Judith Swett ; d. about 1770. 
X. & xi. Anne* and Mary,* b. Jan. 3, 1700-1 ; d. Jan. 6, 1700-1. 
xii. Margaret,* b. Jan. 8, 1701-2. 
xiii. Anne,* b. Oct. 24, 1703 ; d. young. 
xiv. Mary,* b. Dec. 28, 1704 ; m. Henry Dole. 
XV. KuTH,* b. Nov. 17, 1706; m. John Pearson, 
xvi. ANNE,*b. Jan. 18, 1709-10; m. Daniel Knight. 

From this large family numerous descendants have sprung. 

From Rebecca"* is descended Alfred Poor, the well-known genealogist of 
Salem. 

Patience,* the daughter of John^ by his first wife Patience Dole, mar- 
ried the " distinguished physician," Dr. Nathaniel Coffin of Portland, Me., 
and became the mother of " another still more distinguished of the same 
name and place, from whom no descendants of the name of Coffin are living, 
but many of other names." Among her descendants are reckoned Isaac 
Foster^ Coffin (Bowd. 1806), Eleanor^ Coffin, wife of John Derby (Harv. 
1786), and her children Nathaniel Foster^ Derby (Harv. 1829), George* 
Derby (Harv. 1838), Mary Jane^ Derby, wife of Rev. Ephraim Pea- 



96 Thomas Hale of Newbury , [Jan. 

body (Bowd. 1827), and her children named under No. 8 supra, Laura* 
Derby, wife first of Arnold Francis Welles (Harv. 1827), and second of 
Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop (Harv. 1828), and her son George Derby' 
"Welles (Harv. 1866), Sarah Ellen^ Derby, wife of John Kogers (Harv. 
1820), and her son John Rogers the sculptor, Harriet Coffin^ Sumner, wife 
of Hon. Nathan Appleton (A.M. Harv. 1844, LL.D. Harv. 1855), and her 
children William Sumner^ Appleton (Harv. 1860) and Nathan^ Appleton 
(Harv. 1863), Susan^ Codman, wife of Benjamin Welles (Harv. 1800), 
and John^ Codman (Bowd. 1827). 

From Richard,^ who settled on the Merrimac River at " Joppa," now 
part of Newburyport, descended a long line of fishermen, shipmasters and 
merchants, who have for generations maintained an honored name at New- 
buryport, and have scattered thence to the ends of the earth. Among 
them are the late Samuel* Hale, Enoch^ Hale, Enoch'' Hale, and Benjamin 
WoodwelF Hale, all of Newburyport ; also Charles William^ Hale, Isaac^ 
Hale and Richard Lunt^ Hale, Esqs., of the same place, and Enoch^ Hale, 
•editor at Newburyport, New York City and Rondout, N. Y., who died at 
the last-named place, Aug. 10, 1856. 

From Richard'* are also descended James Webster'^ Hale of New York, 
the founder of the express business in the United States, and to whom more 
than any other man t'le people of the United States are indebted for " cheap 
postage ; " Benjamin Ellery^ Hale of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; William Gowen^ 
Hale of Saigon, Cochin China; Albert^ Hale (Harv. 1861), Charles Good- 
win^ Hale (Dart. 1868), the late Stephen^ Hale of Reading, Mass., and 
his son Thomas'^ Hale of Rockport, Mass. 

Many branches of this family remain untraced. 

14. Henry^ Hale {John^ TJiomas^), born in Newbury, Oct. 20, 1667 ; 
married there Sept. 11, 1695, Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah (Knight) 
Kelly. She was born in Newbury, Sept. 1, 1670, survived her husband 
and died there, Oct. 21, 1741. He spent his life in Newbury as a carpen- 
ter, and died there about Nov. 1724. Children : 

i. Thomas,* b. Nov. 15, 1696 ; m. Abigail Pillsbury ; d. about 1765. 

ii. Sarah,* b. Oct. 20, 1698; m. Stephen Chase ; d. Dec. 26, 1755. 

iii. Thomasine,* b. Sept. 10, 1700 ; m. Peter Morss. 

iv. Enoch,* b. Oct. 11, 1702 ; d. Dec. 1702. 

V. C Enoch,* b. Oct. 7, 1703 ; m. widow Mary Hills ; d. May 30, 1755. 

vi. X Edmund, b. Oct. 7, 1703 ; m. Martha Sawyer ; d. May 29, 1788. 

vii. Rebecca,* b. Oct. 4, 1705 ; d. May 11, 1706. 

viii. Henry,* b. Aug. 24, 1707 ; m. Mary Bartlett ; d. May 21, 1792. 

ix. Hannah,* b. May 8, 1709 ; m. Ezra Pillsbury. 

X. Judith,* b. May 28, 1711 ; m. William Morse. 

Through his son Edmund,* Henry^ was the ancestor of Hon. Salma'' 
Hale (A.M. at Univ. Vt. 1824, and at Dart. 1849), M. C. from New Hamp- 
shire 1817 to 1819, and well known as a scholar and author, and of his 
children George Silsbee^ Hale (Harv. 1844) of Boston, and Sarah King^ 
Hale, wife of the late Hon. Harry Hibbard (Dart. 1835), formerly M. C. 
from New Hampshire ; of David^ Hale, Esq., late of Newport, N. H., 
whose widow Mrs. Sarah Josepha Hale, nee Buel, still living in Philadelphia, 
devotes a beautiful and serene old age to active labors for her sex and for 
humanity, and of their children, the late Lieut. David Emerson^ Hale (U. S. 
Mil. Acad. 1833), Horatio^ Hale, Esq. (Harv. 1837) of Clinton, Ontario, 
Canada, Frances Ann^ Hale, wife of Dr. Lewis Boudinot Hunter (N. J. 
Coll. 1824, M.D. Univ. Penn. 1828), surgeon in the U. S. Navy, whose 



1877.] Thomas Hale of Newhury, 97 

son is Kichard Stockton' Hunter (N. J. Coll. 1864), and the late William 
George' Hale, Esq. (Harv. 1842) of New Orleans ; of Rev. P:noch^ Hale 
(Univ. Vt. 1826), of Dr. Syene' Hale (M.D. Dart. 1833), and of his sons 
Drs. Edwin Moses* Hale and Halbert Parker^ Hale, of Chicago ; of Dr. 
Moses^ Hale (M.D. Midd. 1822), a distinguished physician of Troy, N. Y., 
and of his children Mary^ wife of Abraham Knickerba'^)ker, Esq., of Scagh- 
ticoke, N. Y., and Dr. Richard Ilenry^ Hale (Union Coll. 1827), and his 
grandchildren John Hale^ Knickerbacker (Union Coll. 1847) and Henry* 
Knickerbacker, Esq., of New York city. 

Henry,^ son of Henry ,^ was one of the pioneers of Nottingham West 
(now Hudson), N. II. He was a farmer on a large scale, a deacon in the 
church, and a leading man in the community where he lived. His posterity 
is numerous in New Hampshire and Vermont, and in Franklin and St. 
Lawrence counties in New York. The descendants of Sarah'* Chase, of 
Thomasine^ Morss and Judith* Morse, are also numerous and respectable. 

15. Judith^ Hale (Jolin^ Thomas^)^ born in Newbury, July 5, 1670 ; 
married there, Nov. 24, 1692, Thomas, son of Caleb and Judith (Bradbury) 
Moody, of Newbury, brother of Mary, wife of her brother Joseph, and 
cousin of Mary, wife of her brother Moses. They lived in Newbury. 
Children : 

i. Ezra* Moody, b. April U, 1693. 

ii. Sarah'* Moodt, b. Feb. 11, 1695. 

iii. Caleb'* Moody, b. March 10, 1097. 

iv. Judith'* Moody, b. Au<;. 6, 1699. 

V. Oliver'* Moody, b. Oct. 7, 1701. 

vi. Thomas'* Moody, b. Jan. 11, 1704. 

16. Joseph' Hale {John^ Thomas^), b. in Newbury, Nov. 24, 1674; 
married, Dec. 25, 1699, Mary, daughter of Caleb and Judith (Bradbury) 
Moody, born in Newbury, Oct. 23, 1678, and died there, April 16, 1753. 
He lived in Byfield parish, Newbury, and died there Jan. 24, 1755. He 
was a shoemaker by trade, a captain in the militia, kept a tavern in Byfield, 
and he and his wife were both members of the church at Byfield, of which 
his brother Moses^ (No. 17 infra) was pastor. He was a man of hand- 
some estate and much respected. Children : 

i. Judith,* b. Sept. 22, 1700 ; m. Moody. 

ii. Mary,'* b. Nov. 26, 1703 ; m. Edmund Greenleaf. 

iii. Elizabeth,* b. April 9, 1705 ; m George Thurlow. 

iv. Sarah,* b. Oct. 1707 ; ra. Joshua Noyes. 

V. Abigail,* b. March 5, 1709-10 ; m. Richard CoflBn. 

vi. Joseph,* b. Sept. 3, 1712 ; m. Mary Noyes ; d. March 9, 1776. 

vii. MosES,* b. Jan. 18, 1714-15; m. Mehitable Sumner; d. Jan. 18, 1779. 

viii. Anne,* b. Aug. 4, 1717 ; m. Richard Kent. 

Joseph* is the ancestor, through Joseph,^ Joseph^ and Joseph,'^ of Capt. 
Joseph^ Hale of the 3d Inf. U. S. A. Mary,« wife of Rev. Dr. Elijah Par- 
ish (Dart. 1785), and her son Moses Parsons'^ Parish (Bowd. 1822), were 
also his descendants. 

Moses* graduated at Harvard, 1734, and was minister of the church at 
West Newbury, 1752 to 1779. His son Moses^ (Harv. 1771), being the 
fourth Rev. Moses Hale of the descendants of Thomas^ who graduated at 
Harvard, was the minister of Boxford, 1774 to 1789. Among the descend- 
ants of Moses* were also Stephen^ Hale (Harv. 1802), Joseph® Hale (Harv. 
1828), Joseph Augustine'^ Hale (Harv. 1857), Sarah* Hale, wife of Rev. 

VOL. XXXI. 9^ 



98 Thomas Hale of Newbury, \j5dLn, 

Nathaniel Noyes (Ilarv. 1763), Mehitable* Hale, wife of Rev. Levi Fris- 
bie (Dart. 1771), and her son Prof. Levi Frisbie of Harvard (Harv. 1802). 

17. Moses' Hale {John^ Thomas^), born in Newbury, July 10, 1678 ; 
grad. at Harvard 1699 ; began his labors as minister of By field, then called 
" Rowlbury " (from the towns of Rowley and Newbury, of which the par- 
ish was composed"*), in 1702 ; was ordained there as pastor, Nov. 17, 1706, 
and remained in that office till his death, Jan. 16, 1743-4. He married, 
first, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Appleton) Dummer 
of Newbury. She was born in Newbury, July 28, 1682, and died in By- 
field Parish {sine prole), Jan. 15, 1703-4. He married, second, Mary, 
daughter of Dea. William and Mehitable (Sewall) Moody, who was born 
in Newbury, May 30, 1685, and died in Byfield, July 17, 1757. 

Prince says of him, that during the forty-one years he " labored in word 
and doctrine " with the people of his charge, " he was an orthodox and 
lively preacher of the great truths of religion and a soldier of Jesus Christ." 
Children, all by second wife : 

i. Joseph,^ probably d. young. 

ii. Mehitable,* probably d. young. 

iii. Dorothy,* m. Moses Woodman. 

iv. Mary,* b. 1711 ; m. Rev. James Chandler. 

V. Martha,* m. Benjamin Fairfield of Wenham. 

vi. Moses,* m. first, Abigail Huse ; second, Sarah Jewett. Died 1776. 

vii. Elizabeth,* m. Ayer. 

viii. Sarah,* probably d. young. 
ix. Jane,* probably d. young. 

X. William,* b. about 1728 ; m. first, Martha Johnson ; second, Jane 
Jewett. Died about 1784. 

The records of this family are lamentably deficient. Rev. James Chand- 
ler (Harv. 1728), the husband of Mary,"* was the minister of Rowley, 1732 
to 1189. They had no children. 

Among the descendants of Moses"* were Capt. John* Hale of Hopkinton, 
N. H., a gallant soldier of the Revolution, and an honorable and respected 
citizen, and his son Jacob^ of Ripley, Me., a member of the convention 
which framed the constitution of Maine, Rev. John'^ Hale of Sutton, N. H., 
Robert C.^ Hale, Esq., of Henniker, N. H., John Hale^ Fowler, Esq., of 
Newark, Kendall county, 111., and Hon. Samuel W.'^ Hale, of Keene, N. H. 

In the will of Rev. Moses,^ dated Nov. 22, 1743, and proved Jan. 30, 
1743-4, he gives to his son Moses,* with other property real and personal, 
*' two negros, Hannibal and Jane," and to his son William* land in Row- 
ley, " also my silver tobacco box and Mr. Burket's exposition on the new 
testament, and Dr. Manton's volume upon y® Eleventh Chapter of the 
Hebrews." 

William* was for man,y years a practising physician in Rowley, and was 
succeeded in his practice there by his son William,* who afterwards remov- 
ed to Virginia and died there. 

18. Mary^ Hale (Samuel,^ Thomas^), born in Woodbridge, N. J., 
Nov. 28, 1678. She seems to have first married a Higgins, but nothing is 
known of him except that she bore the name of Higgins when she married 

* This is the earliest instance of this manner of forming the names of places which we 
have met with, and the only one we liavc found in Massachusetts, though there may be 
others. Such names are common in Connecticut, as the Ilev. John A. Vinton has shown 
in the Register for July, 1860 {ante xiv. 270). Helthen supposed the practice to be pecu- 
liar to Connecticut ; but this proves not to be the case. — Ed. 



1877.] Secret Committee to Silas Deane. 99 

Moses Rolph at Woodbridge, June 4, 1702. She and her husband became 
members of the church at Woodbridge soon after its foundation. He was 
a prominent and active citizen, was town clerk and " Freeholder's clerk " 
from 1712 to 1731, was commissioned " one of Her Majesty's Justices of 
the Peace " in 1714, and was assessor in 1718. The records of Wood- 
bridge fail to show the death of himself or his wife, and nothing is found of 
the family on the records of the town after 1731. In the accounts for 
building the meeting-house in 1711, he was allowed " 5^ for two days work 
of his negro tending y^ mason, and O'^ for watching y° kiln, and 13"^ for a 
bottle of rum, & 2^ for his horse «& boy to draw water for y^ bricklayers." &j 
It is probable that he was son of John Rolfe, who was son of Benjamin 
and Apphia^ (Halej Rolfe (No. 5 supra). The name was generally spell- 
ed Rolfe in Massachusetts, and Rolph in New Jersey and on Long Island, 
to which last locality it is probable that Moses Rolph and his descendants 
removed. Children : 

i. Samuel* Rolph, b. Feb. 13, 1703-4. 

ii. Elizatjetu'* Rolph, b. Aug. 9, 1705. 

iii. Esther* Rolph, b. April 12, 1707. 

iv. Apphia* Rolph, b. Jan. 6, 1708-9. 

V. Richard* Rolph, b. May 12, 1710 ; d. Sept. 7, 1711. 

vi. Nathaniel* Rolph, b. Sept. 15, 1712. 

vii. Jonathan* Rolph, b. Aug. 30, 1714. 

viii. Richard* Rolph, b. Aug. 1, 1717 ; d. Oct. 13, 1719. 

ix. Robert* Rolph, b. May 18, 1719. 

X. Sarah* Rolph, b. April 4, 1721. 

xi. Henry* Rolph, b. June 26, 1723. 



Note. — This paper is prepared not as a complete statement even of the 
first three generations from the immigrant ancestor, but in the hope through 
its means of contributing towards a full and complete genealogy of tke 
family. The writer, who has large accumulations of material for a full 
history of many branches of the family, will be glad to receive any and 
all corrections and additions, and information of every character touching 
the descendants of Thomas the glover of Newbury, or touching any of the 
name in England or America. 



LETTER OF THE SECRET COMMITTEE OF CONGRESS 
TO SILAS DEANE IN FRANCE, AUGUST 7, 1776. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston. 

N the " Centenary Number " of the Register, among other letters 
furnished by me was one from Silas Deane to Count De Vergen- 
nes, alluding to a letter of the 7tli of August preceding, that he had 
received from Congress. In his letter to the French statesman, he 
quotes from this letter he had received from Congress, a paragraph 
relative to Independence, and to the number of men the colonies 
then had in the field. Since the publication of the letter of Silas 
Deane, that of the Secret Committee of Congress to him has come 
into my hands. Had I received it in season it would have been in- 
teresting to have had them in sequence in the July number. I send 
it now for publication. 



100 Secret Committee to Silas Deane, [Jan. 

Philadelphia August 7*^ 1776. 
Dear Sir 

The Above is a Copy of our last, which went by the Dispatch 
Captain Parker. 

The Congress have since taken into consideration the heads of a Treaty 
to be proposed to France, but as they are not yet concluded upon, we can- 
not say more of them per this conveyance. 

You will see by the Newspapers which Accompany this, that the expedi- 
tion against South Carolina is foiled by the gallant resistance made there. 
The Enemy, much diminished by Sickness, it is thought will attempt nothing 
farther in those parts. The people of North Carolina, Who at first had 
taken up their Bridges, and broken the Roads, to prevent the Enemy's 
penetrating their Country ; have since, being ready to receive him, repaired 
the Roads and Bridges, and Wish him to Attempt making use of them. 

Gen: Howe is posted now on Staten Island near New York, with the 
Troops he Carried to Halifax when he was driven out of Boston. Lord 
Howe is also arrived there with some reinforcements, and more are ex- 
pected, as the great push seems intended to be Made in that Province. 
Gen. Washington's Army is in possession of the Town, about which Many 
entrenchments are thrown up, so as to give an opportunity of disputing the 
possession with G : Howe, if he should attempt it, and of making it cost 
him something : but it is not so regularly fortified as to Stand a Siege. We 
have also a flying Camp in the Jerseys, to harass the Enemy if he should 
attempt to penetrate thro' that Province to Philad^. 

In the different Colonies we have now near 80.000 Men in the pay of 
the Congress. The Declaration of Independence Meets with universal ap- 
probation, and the people everywhere Seem more animated by it in defence 
of their Country. Most of our Frigates are Launched in the different 
Provinces, and are fitting for Sea with all the expedition in our power. 
They are fine Ships, and will be capable of good service. Our small Pri- 
vateers and Continental arm'd Vessels have Already had great success as 
the papers will shew you : and by abstaining from Trade ourselves while 
we distress that of our enemy's, we expect to Make their Men of war weary 
of their unprofitable and hopeless Cruises, and their Merchants Sick of a 
Contest in which so much is Risk'd and Nothing gained. The forming a 
Navy is a very capital object with us. And the Marine Committee is ordered 
to bring in a Plan for increasing it very considerably. The Armed Boats 
for the defence of our Rivers and Bays grow More and More in repute. 
They Venture to attack large Men of War, and are very troublesome to 
them. The papers will give you Several instances of their success. 

We hope that by this time you are at Paris, and that Mr Morris has 
joined you, whom we recommend to you Warmly, and desire you May 
Mutually co-operate in the Public Service. 

With great esteem We are 
Dear Sir 
Your Very hble. Servants. 

B. Franklin 
Benj Harrison 
Rob*. Morris. 

[Endorsed, in handwriting of Silas Deane, "Letter from Secret Com- 
mittee I August 7*^ 177G."] 



1877.] Descendants of John Alger of Boston, 101 



DESCENDANTS OF JOHN ALGER OF BOSTON. 

By Akthur M. Alger, Esq., of Taunton, Mass. 

John* Alger, a blacksmith, was living in Boston at least as early as 
1679. He was twice married. His first wife was Hannah, daughter of 
Alexander Baker ; his second, Sarah, daughter of Humphrey Mylam. In 
1698, he sold his estate in Boston for £220, and removed to Bristol. By 
his first wife he had one child, viz. : — 

2. i. John, b. Aug. 13, 1679 ; m. Joanna King. 

Children by second wife : — 

ii. Samuel, b. April 8, 1682 ; d. young, 
iii. Samuel, b. Sept. 28, 1684 ; d. young. 
iv. Hannah, b. July 4, 1686 ; d. young. 
V. Mary, b. April 19, 1688. 
vi. Hannau, b. Dec. 10, 1690. 
vii. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 4, 1691. 

2. John' Alger {John^), a blacksmith, m. at Taunton, April 9, 1702, 
Joanna, daughter of Thomas King, of Dighton. In 1720, he sold his estate 
in Dighton to Nathaniel Fisher for £210, and removed to Swausey, where 
bed. in 1750. Children:— 

i. Joshua, a blacksmith. 

3. ii. Preserved ; m. Martha Pafeny. 

4. iii. John ; m. 1st, Martha ; 2d, Abigail Henderson. 

iv. Mary ; m. Annariah Gifibrd. 

V. Joanna ; m. John Brayley. 

vi. Amity ; m. Abel Sebe. 

vii. Mallison ; m. Benjamin Butterworth. 

viii. Hannah. 

3. Preserved^ Alger {Jolin^ John})^ a shipwright, m. Martha Pafeny, 
of Swansey. In 1742, he purchased an estate in Kehoboth for £550, and 
removed thither from Swansey. Children : — 

i. Josiah, b. April 13, 1731. The name of one Josiah Alger appears on 
the roll of a company, composed of the alarm lists of New Provi- 
dence, Lanesboro', East Hoosac and Gageboro', commanded by Col. 
Stafford, which marched to and fought in the battle of Bennington. 

ii. Jonathan, b. June 19, 1733. Probably the father of Jonathan Alger 
who was b. at Providence, R. I., Sept. 21, 1755, and was living in 
Rehoboth at the time of the revolutionary war, in which he served 
as a private and as a sergeant. He m. Dolly Carpenter, of Rehoboth, 
and went to Warren, where he d. March 5, 1837. He had : Henrietta, 
living unmarried, 1874 ; a daughter, m. a Martin, of Barrington ; a 
daughter, m. a Bowen, of Hartford ; a daughter, m. an Allen, of 
Warren; a daughter, m. a Hale, of Warren; a son lost at sea; 
Jonathan, b. June 1, 1794, m. Martha Lindeey, and lived at Bristol, 
where he d. Feb. 24, 1870. 

iii. Preserved, b. April 25, 1735. A Preserved Alger lived at Warren for 
many years. He had, inter alios, a daughter who m. a Maxwell ; 
one who m. a Boynton ; and one who m. a Walker. A Preserved 
Alger served as a private and sergeant in the revolutionary war. 

iv. Martha, b. March 20, 1737. 

V. Benjamin, b. July 1, 1739. A Benjamin Alger was captain of the 
sloop Hope, bound for Grenada, which was taken on the voyage, and 
carried into Antigua, 1780. 



102 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolh, [Jan. 

vi. Chloe, b. Feb. 9, 1741-2. 
vii. Benajah, b. Au^. 5, 1744. 
viii. Joshua, b. Jan. 31, 1747-8. 

4. John' Alger {John^ John}), a blacksmith, living in that part of 

Rehoboth known as Seguahunk Cove; m. 1st, Martha ; 2d, Abigail 

Henderson, Feb. 8, 1759. He was in the French and Indian war 1755. 
He d. July 7, 1755, his wife surviving him. Children : — 

i. Bethana, b. May 2, 1742. 
5. ii. James, b. May 26, 1745 ; m. Mary Parker. 

iii. Freelove, b. April 24, 1748. 

iv. JouN ; m. Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Humes, of Douglas, and re- 
moved to Oxford, where he was living in 1779. He was a black- 
smith. 

V. Abigail ; m. Nathan Daggett. 

5. James^ Alger (John,^ John^ Joh'n}), of Rehoboth, a blacksmith, 
m. Mary Parker, June 5, 1765. He was a private in Capt. Bishop's com- 
pany which marched from Rehoboth to Lexington on the 19th of April, 
1775, and was in service a number of times during the war. He was living 
at Wrentham near the close of the war. From there he went, perhaps, to 
Rhode Island. Children : — 

i. James, b. Jan. 17, 1769. He was the father of James Alger, who was 
born at Gloucester, R. I., and settled in Oxford, Mass., where he d. 
before 1832, leavino; widow Sarah, and the following children : 
Pre^ervcfi^, of Cranston, R. I. ; Smith; Lemuel; Wyman; Stephen^ 
all of Millbury ; Sibil; Dorcas, m. Stephen Tourtellot, of Ward; 
Freelove, m. Olney Esten, of Webster; Sarah, m. Merritt Holbrook, 
of Windham, Conn. ; Hannah, m. Tainter, of Millbury. 

ii. John, b. March 13, 1771. 

iii. Richard, b. April 17, 1773. 

iv. Joshua, b. July 5, 1775. 

On the Swansey records is this entry : " Joseph Alger and Hannah Pool, 
both of Swansey, were married September the 17th, 1753 by me Russell 
Mason, Elder of a Church of Christ in Swansey." It is possible that Joseph 
is a clerical error for Josiah (son of Preserved [3] ). 

In the revolutionary war rolls at the State House is this item : " Nicholas 
Alger, of Rehoboth, private in the 1st Company, 1st Regiment; age 25; 
height 5:9; complection light ; eyes dark ; hair brown." 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD, OR 

ON THE FILES IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Prepared by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

[Continued from vol. xxx. p. 434.'1 

John Avert. — Bond of William Follett of Oyster River on Pi[scattoway] 
to Edward Rawson, 19 Sept. 1654, to Administer on the estate of John 
Avery, deceased, in behalf e of Laur[ence Avery, his brother] ; witnessed by 
Rachel Awbrey, margaret Rawson. See Administration, Register, viii. 
354. (File, No. 151.) 

Arthur Gill. — I, John Sweete, of Boston, acknowledge myself Indebted 
to Edward Rawson Recorder for the County of Suffolke in New England, 
some, 180^^". Jan. IG, 1G54. 



1877.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk. 103 

The above bounden John Sweete shall Administer to the estate of Arthur 
Gill, in behalfe of y° children of y^ said Arthur & payment of his Just 
debts, and from time to time shall give a Just and true Accompt thereof to 
the County Court of Boston, etc. 

_, T 1 /-N ^^^ mark 

leste, John Gill Jn^ -j- Sweete 

William Awbrey 

y' bond was Cancelled by order of Court, March 28, 1656. E. R. R. 
(See abstract of the inventory, Register, viii. 356.) (File, No. 152.) 

Robert Sharp.— I, John Sharp, sonne of the late Robert Sharp, of 
muddy Riuer, in the p^'ecints of Boston, bound to Edward Rawson, some 56 
pounds; for the payment whereof I bind myself, w*^ my now dwelling house 
& land formerly y« dwelling house & land of my late father, in the some of 
one hundred and twenty pounds. Aprill 25, 1665. 

If the above John Sharp pay vnto Abigaile & Mary Sharpe, his two sisters, 
the sume of 28 pounds apeece, as they shall attaine their seuerall ages as 
the Law prescribes, & also pay & sattisfy unto them or their guardians 
yearely duringe their minority the some of 50 shillings a peece, then this 
obligation to be voyd, etc. John Sharp. 

In presence of vs See inventory of the estate of Robert Sharp; 

Richard Peacocke petition of his relict and administratrix, Abigail 

Paul Batt Clapp, who subsequently became the second 

wife of Nicholas Clapp, of Dorchester, etc. 
See Register, viii. 276; x. 84. (File, No. 153.) 

Ellinor Trusler.'— Salem dated 15^^ february 1654. I, Ellinor Trus- 
ler, being vppon my sick bed, but of perfect memory, appoint my sonns 
Henry & Nicholas Joynt Executors of this my last will & testament. I 
bequeath my Farme to my sonns Henry & Nicholas, with the houseiug; my 
tenn acre Lott in the North feild to Henry. My house & ground at the 
towne to my son Edward. My househould goods I bequeath in this manner : 
One bead to Henry, and the other to Nicholas, the sad Collored cloake to 
Edward & the other Cloake to Henry, the old brass pott, the least of the 
brass pans, two deep pewter platters, one broad one, a Couerled, a blanket, 
with one p^ of sheetes to my son Edward; my Wascote, Safegard & Goune 
to goe together, my best pettecoate, with the rest of my wearing Cloathes 
to goe together, & my daughters to have them ; the rest of my wearing linen 
to my two daughters, & the other linnen to the executo". To John Phelps, 
my Grand Child, two oxen & cheyne, with one ewe. To my Grand daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, one ewe. The other two ewes to Nicholas his two children. 
To my Grand children Samuell & Edward, I giue either of them a yearling 
Calfe. The rest of my goods & cattell to be left with my executo"' to pay 
my debts, & the legacy bequeathed by my late husband to his daughter in 
England, to witt the summe of ten pounds. 

Tlic nicirkG of 

Robert Moulton" Sony'' Ellinor + Trusler 

George Gardner^ 

■n' '^o7°^?L'^^®^1t^ ^^ Trusler, Salem, was admitted to the church Dec. 15, 1639, freeman 
iJec. ^7, 104^, d. March 5, 1654. His wife was Elinor, and he had a daughter who married 
Henry Phelps He was clerk in 1650 of the market.— See Savage's Dictionary. 

Kobert Moulton came to Salem with Higginson ; was one of the first selectmen in 

Lharlcstown whither he removed ; was also a representative from C. to the first court in 

lbd4, and tor fealem, to which place he had removed in 1637. In the latter year his name 

IS tound among those who were disarmed as adherents and friends of John Wheelwright. 

3 T i^.^o Vr- ®^^ ^^^^ "^^^ ^ witness with his father to the above will of Mrs. Trusler. 

in lbo«, Elizabeth, the wife of George Gardner of Salem, was indicted for favoring the 



104 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk, [Jan. 

Robert Moulton Juny' test. 

This is a true copy compared with its originall, taken out of the Records 
of Salem Court, p^ me, Hilliard Veren Cleric 

(File, No. 154.) 

Rebecca Webb. — Peter Oliuer, Thomas Buttolph and Godfry Armitage, 
of Boston, bound in the some of 180 pounds to giue a true Accompt of the 
estate of Rebeckha Webb deceased, by hir late will and Approbation of the 
County Court of Boston comitted to theire hands, as in the Inventory given 
Into the s*^ County Court Appeares. Signed Peter OUiuer, Thomas But- 
tolph, Godfrey ^^® Armitage. In p'^sence of John Kingsley, William 
Awbrey. (File, No. 155.) 

See Will and Inventory of Rebecca Webb, Register, v. 303; viii. 356. 

George Burden.^ — [Memorandum on the back of the original will.] 
Bought of M' Foster a chist of Seuger containeing 

6 hundereth 19.10 

Bought of William of the Wist Einges one hoghed 

coutaneing 500 15.00 

bought of William a small nashe of sueger 4.17 

bought of M^ Hahones 2 hoghedes 25.17 

bought of William Stranges^ 5 hoghedes of Tobaccoe 
Bought of George Maning fore hoghedes 

of suger and a berell giuer 65.06 

(File, No. 157.) 

William Stevens.^ — Bond of Thomas Bligh,* of Boston, to Edward 
Rawson; sum twelve pounds, to administer on the estate of Wm. Stevens. 
July 24, 1657. 
In the presence of Thomas Bligh. 

Moses Noyes,^ Margarett Rawson. (File, No. 159.) 

See Register, ix. 229. 

John Gore, of Roxbury. — Bond of John Gore, Samuel Scarborough, 
and Richard Hall,^ all of Roxbury unto William Stoughton Esq. sum Two 
hundred & Fifty pounds, Oct. 26, 1693, to Administer on the goods &c. of 
John Gore Gent, left unadministered by Rhoda his Relict and sole Execu- 
trix, and make a true inventory, on or before Oct. 26, 1694. John Gore, 
Samuell Scarbrough, Richard Hall. In presence of Is^ Addington, Reg*, 
Edward Turfrey. (File, No. 162.) 

Abstract of Will of John Gore, Register, viii. 282. 

' George Burden came in the Abigail, in 1635, aged 20 years, admitted to the church in- 
1637, made freeman in May ; was disarmed in November. The maiden name of his wife 
Ann may have been Soulsbi/, or Silsbee, as he mentions '* my father Soulsby " in his will. 
There is an intimation that he was about to visit England, when his will was signed in 
October, 1652, as he says — " if my wife & children Stay in England, but if wee Returne to 
New England," &c. This document was proved in Boston less than five years afterwards, 
namely, in April, 1657. Sec abstract of it. Register, viii. 277. 

2 Not mentioned by Savage, unlesss William Stranguage or Strangeways of Boston, 1651, 
a mariner, be the man. 

^ Who was this William Stevens ? 

* Was this the Thomas Bligh, of Boston, mentioned by Hutchinson, and Hazard, who 
served in the expedition under Willard in 1654, for bringing Ninicraft to submission ? 

* Moses Noycs, who was he ? 

6 Probably son of Richard, of Dorchester. 



1877.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolh, 105 

Robert Keatne.^ — Jan. 29, 1683-4. Petition of Cap*. Nickolas Paige 
of Boston & Anna his wife, Grandaughter & sole heir vnto Cap*. Robert 
Keayne, some times of Boston, Deceased. Humbly sheweth, That Wheras 
the s*^ Cap* Keayne by his Last Will & Testament, in writing, ordained his 
only son, Maj"^ Benj. Keayne his sole Executor of his s'^ Will, who deceased 
before the s^ Testator, & further the s^ Cap* Keayne prouided by his s^ 
Will, in such Case, that his Relict should be Executrix only dureing her 
Widdowhod, who is also some times since deceased, soe that there is Noe 
other p'sons now Liueing that of Right ought to adminester vpon tlie Estate 
& fulfill the will of the s*^ Testator more then your Pettiouers. Humbly pray 
that Administration may be granted to y^ Petitioners to Administer on the 
Estate of the s,^ Cap* Robert Keayne, &c. Nicho : Paige, Anna Paige. 

Administration granted. Is* Addington Cl'^. 

^ Bond of Nicholas Paige, of Boston, and Anna his wife, unto M"" John 
Hubbard of Boston, Treasurer, in the sume of one thousand pounds. 
Feb. 9, 1G83. Nicho: Paige, Anna Paige. In the presence of John 
JoylifFe, Josiah Torrey, Is* Addington Clre. (File, No. 171.) 

Rice Davis. — Learnard Wheatleigh^ m[aister ] wherein and when 

Rice Danes Died atFermeth, that the sayd Rice on his death bed, gaue him 
the clothes he had with him, and all estate besides (^he being buried decently), 
he gaue to M"" Euan Thomas and William Tilly, ioyntly, he also atlirmeth, 
that Rice being at the same time demaunded of him what he did owe to any, 
Rice affirmed that he owed nothing to any man, except a small matter, to 
the aforesayd M'" Thomas. Farther he affirmeth, that he found his estate as 
is specified and not more to his remembrance. 

Item, 1 barrell of tobacco and a littell p'cell of leafe. 

" in washes du to him. £10. lOsh. 
Farther he affirmeth, that he hath disbursed in goods to him and on his 
burial fiue pound ten and 8s. 

There is more, an old chest, two small pap' bookes, a broken Jacob staffe, 
and a scale. There was moreouer a remainder of a debt due to Rice from 
sergeant Daniel, w*^^ was also expended vppon his buriall, besides the 
£5. 10s. 8d. 

Taken vpon oath 3. 2. 1658, before me, 
Ri. Bellingham Dep* Gov'. 

Power of administration granted to Evan Thomas and William Tilly, 
Ap^ 1^*, 1658. The conditions attending the administration of the estate of 
Rice Davis, was signed by Evan Thomas and William Tilly of Boston, 
April 13, 1658, in presence of Beniamen Brisco, Elkanah Cooke, Evan 
Thomas & William Tilly deposed before Ri. Bellingham Dep* Gov', 22 of 
Aprill 1658. (File, No. 181.) 

Richard Hardier. — Bond of Elizabeth Hardier, of Braintry, widdow, 
& Martin Saunder^s, of Braintry, yeoman, bound in the sum of 60 pounds 

^ A brief abstract of the lengthy Will of Capt. Robert Keayne may be found in 
Register, vi. 89, 152. This will, written with his own hand, begun by him August the 
1st, 1653, was finished, as he says, Nov. 15th, with an addition, Dec. 15, 1653. It was 
proved May 2, 1656. The original will, which occupies 158 pages folio, vol. i. Suffolk 
Records, is tlie most curious document we ever saw. 

2 Neither Davis nor Wheatleigh mentioned by Savage. See abstract of the "Will of 
William Weare, Register, viii. 353, and inventory of Rice Davis, ix. 344. 

VOL. XXXI. 10 



106 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk, [Jan. 

to Edward Rawson, Recorder to the County of SufFolke, to performe the 
will of hir late husband, Richard Hardier, according to lawe. 

hir mark 

Elizabeth -\- Hardier, Martin Sanders. In presence of Richard Peacocke, 
Caleb Peacocke, September 24, 1G58. 

The names of Richard Brackett & William Allis (which do not appear 
on the record) are signed to the inventory, dated 25. 2. 1657. [See 
abstract of the will of Richard Hardier, Register, viii. 352. Martin 
Saunders, above, married his daughter, Lydia, April 1, 1651.] 

(File, No. 183.) 

John Coggan.* — Whereas there appears sundry difficulties in reference 
to y® Execuccon of the last Will and Testam* of M"" John Coggan, 
deceased, and two of y^ Executor's therein nominated disclaiming the prov- 
ing thereof, so y* it now resteth wholly vpon M" Coggan his relict widow & 
Executrix to vndertake a buissines of so troublesome a nature as y® Execuccon 
thereof is likely to prove, or otherwise the will of the deceased must be 
wholly frustrate ; for the pVention whereof, the Overseers of the said Will 
takeing the matter in to their Serious Consideraccon, together with seu^all 
Queries propounded by the widow & her freinds to be resolved before sheo 
proceed to prOve the Will, as 1^* In case y*^ her sonne Caleb should dep't 
this life before he attaineth vnto the age of 21 years, Whether shee, as 
Executrix to her Husbands Will, or otherwise, shalbe liable to give any 
acc° of the p'fits & revenews of the porccon & estate bequeathed vnto the 
said Caleb by the said Will, shee haveing had his sole Educaccon & clearly 
discharged the same. 

The overseers do Judge meet, as their finall conclusion thereof, to resolve 
this question on the Negative. 

Also, whereas vpon p^^sent veiw of the estate, compared w*^ knowne debts 
& legacies to be sattisfied acccording to the mind of the deceased, there doth 
not appear where there wilbe any thing left for the discharge of the said 
Caleb's Educaccion for four or five of the first years at least, and if more 
debts should happen to appeare, then for a longer time. 

The 2*^ Quest, is, in what way the Executrix shalbe sattisfied for the 
charge of her sons Educaccon. 

The overseers haveing considered the weight & difficulty of this question 
do Judge meet to resolve, that Whether the said Caleb Coggan shall live 
or dy, in case that the revenews of his estate do not fully discharge all hia 
expences, that then y® Executrix shalbe repayd for all her paynes, care & 
disbursem*^ for his Educaccon, by sale of any of the houses to him the said 

^ John Coggan was first of Dorchester, 1632, freeman 1633. The next summer, July, 
1634, his wife Ann joined the church at Boston. " Another wife, Mary," says Savage, 
*' died Jan. 14, 1652, but he soon found consolation in marrying 10 March following, with 
Martha, widow of Gov. Winthrop, who before had been widow of Thomas Coyteinore." 
He died in 16o8. " Of his widow, a letter of Rev. John Davenport, printed in 3 Mass. 
Hist. Coll., X. 45, contains a story of unusual interest." 

John Coggan opened the first shop for merchandise in Boston, of which we have any 
account, in 1634, and Samuel Cole the first tavern. John Capen, of Dorchester, July 1, 
1647, — writing to his " Sweetc-hart," Mary Bass, of Braintrec, whom he afterwards mar- 
ried, and from whom all of tlic name of Capen, in this country, probal)ly descended, — 
mentions that " wliill I was wth you at Brantrey Sister Swift l)ang at Boston wth Sister 
Vpsall they boatli l)cing at yc hatters shop did thinke vppon you tor a hat and Chose out 
j'C comlyest fashon hatt y^ they could find : (avoyding fantastick fashons) & caused y« 
man to set it by vntell this first day thinking we should speak wth some of you this day - 
Yc hat was a dcmecaster, the priz was 24^; "ye shop was yc corner shop over against M' ; 
Coggings on yc right hand as on goe up to M^ Cottens house." Sec Hist. Dorchester, page 45. ' 



1877.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolh, 107 

Caleb Coggan given & bequeathed by his father beforenamed, in case y* 
other agreem* be not made with y° executrix by y® said Caleb, when he 
shall come of age to receive his estate into his owne hands, or any other his 
successor's, by virtue of the said will in case of his decease, before he arive 
to y® age of 21 years. 

Also for p'venting of future differences, the overseers do Judge meet to 
declare, that twenty pounds p' Annu. dureing the time that the said Caleb 
Coggan shalbe brought vp at English or Gram'" schooles, and thirty pounds 
p' Annu. dureing the time that he shalbe at the Colledge, in such payments 
as is made by the farm or of the Houses & lands, shalbe accounted a meet 
recompence to the Executrix, with allowance for w' shee shall lay out for 
his bookes, & Extreordnary Expences for phisicke etc. & allowance for 
forbearance of her estate. 

provided alwayes in case of his decease before he come of age, the said 
Executrix shall not be accountable for any of the revenews of his estate 
except in case of her owne demands for non satisfaccon of her expences for 
y* said Caleb Coggan. John Norton. 

Thomas Danforth. 

M' Thomas Danforth Appeared in the County Court, 3*^ August 1658, & 
declared this paper to be the declaration of M' Norton & himself in Refer- 
ence to the Interp'"tacbn of so much of M^ Cogans will as it refers unto, & 
y* he signed y® same. Edw. Rawson Recorder. 

Att a meeting of the magists. 24*^ of October 1G60, present dep* Gov' 
maje"^ Atherton & Recorder. The magists. having binn Informed of M" 
Coggau, y^ Relict of y*^ late M"" John Coggan, sudaine death, y* not w^^out 
suspition of poison. Ordered y* y° Recorde"^ Issue out warrant to y^ Consta- 
bles of Boston, to sumon & Impanell a Jury of Inquest for the Inquiry how 
shee Came to hir end. And also Judged it meete for y*' preservation of y* 
estate left by hir behind hir y^ it may not be Imbezled but preserved), to 
Appoint Eld" James Penne & Deacon Richard Truesdall, Administrator's to 
the estate of y*^ late M'^ Martha Coggan, Impowring them forthwith to take 
into theire Custody the keyes plate, &c. of y® s'^ M""^ Coggan & secure y* 
same, taking a true Inventory of that estate, & bringing it into y® next 
County Court, & Providing for hir decent Interment. e. r. r. 

Joseph Rocke,* of Boston, bound in the some of 400 pounds to Edward 
Rawson Recorder, Feb. 24, 1662, to administer on the estate of the late 
John Coggan & Martha his wife. Signed, Joseph Rock, in the presence of 

his marke 

Samuel S Sendall, John Ferniside. (File, No. 185.) 

Abstract of the Will of John Cogan or Coggan, inventory, settlement of 
his estate & that of his widow Martha, Register, ix. 36; x. 175. 

John Francklyn. — Jonathan Negus,^ of Boston, bound, Aug. 20, 
1658, to Administer on the estate of Jn° Francklyn, deceased. Signed, 
Jonathan Negus. Witnessed by Henry Webb & Ed. Hutchinson Jr. See 
his inventory. Register, ix. 344. (File, No. 187.) 

^ Joseph Rock married Elizabeth, daughter of John Coggan. 

2 Jonathan Negus was a faithful clerk of the writs in Boston, 1651, & after; had wife 
Jane. His sister, Grace, married Barnabas Fawer, of Dorchester. 



108 Boston Innholders and Retailers of Spirits — 1714. [Jan. 



LIST OF INNHOLDERS AND EETAILERS OF SPIRITS 

IN BOSTON, 1714. 

Communicated by Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., of Boston. 

THE following document, which is printed from the original in my 
possession, gives an idea of the extent of liquor selling in Boston 
at the beginning of the last century. At the date of this document, 
the population of Boston was not far from ten thousand. 

Anno 1714. 

The Names of the Inholders or Taverners and of the Retailers without 

Doors in Boston viz*. 



Inholders. 

Daniel Allen 
Sarah Battersby 
Mary Bull 
Nicholas Cock 
David Copp 
Jeremiah Gushing 
Mildred Dorrell 
Thomas Gilbert 
Francis Holmes 
Sarah Hunt 
Margaret Johnson 
Hannah Kent 
John Langdon 
Mary Mansfeild 
Samuel Meares 
Anne Moor 
Stephen North 
Thomas Phillips 
Thomas Powell 
Richard Pullen 
John Rowlestone 
Thomas Selby 
William Skinner 
Mary Smith 
William Sutton 
Mary Thwing 
Sarah Turell 
Samuel Tyley 
John Vial 
Jonathan Wardwel 
Rebecca Watts 
Thomas Webber 

Comon Viciualers. 
Thomas Lloyd 



James Smith 
Hannah Wade 
Benj^ Johns 

JRetailers. 

Nathaniel Balstone 
Phillip Bongarden 
Anne Breck 
John Buchannan 
Mary Chandler 
Ezekiel Cravath 
Sarah Cross 
Mary Dafforne 
Benjamin Dyer 
William Everton 
Mary fflint 
Rebecca ffowle 
Martha Gwinn 
Samuel Haugh 
Dorothy Hawkins 
Henry Hill 
Joseph Hiller 
Anne Leblond 
Deborah Man 
Elizabeth Meares 
Alexander Miller 
Mary Mould 
John Nichols 
Edward Oakes 
Thomas Peirson 
James Peirson 
Thomas Phillips 
John Rayner 
Fortune Redduck 
Margrett Richardson 
Thomas Savage 



1877.] J^otes and Queries, 109 

Joanna Stone Mary Willard 

Gregory Sugar Jonathan Williams 
Marcy Tay 

Zechariah Thayer Coffee housekeepers. 

^.^T^'w^Yf''^^ Robert Guttriclge 

Paith Waldo Daniel Stevens 

John VVass 

Sussanna Wilkins James Pitson Retailer of Cyder. 

Exam*^. W John Ballantine Cler. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Who signalled Paul Revere? {ante xxx. 468). — In the last number of the 
Register we referred to an article in the Boston Daily Advertiser on this sul)ject. 
We now give an ahstract of it. In this article the Rev. John Lee Watson, D.D., 
produces evidence to show that Capt. Joiin Pullin;^;, a vestrj'man of Christ Church, 
and not Robert Newman, the sexton, hung out the signal lights for Paul Revere on 
the evening of April 18, 1775. 

At the centennial celebration of this event in Christ Church, April 18, 1875, the 
rector of that church, the Rev. Henry Burroughs, U.D., stated in his discourse that 
Mr. Newman hung out those lights, and Samuel II. Newman, a son of Robert New- 
man, as a part of the celebration hung out similar lights that evening. The Rev. 
Dr. Burroughs, in reply to a letter from his friend the Rev. Dr. Watson, asking for 
the authority for his statement, wrote that he had "received his information from 
Mr. S. II. Newman son of the sexton," wiiose story was supported by the remem- 
brances of: 1st, an elderly woman, " Mrs. Sally Chittenden, now 90 years of age, 
who is the granddaughter of John Newman, brother of Robert ; " 2d, "of Joshua 
B. Fowle, livin<5 at Lexington, who knew Paul Revere, who often came with the 
other patriots of his time to his father's house. It was the common talk among 
them that Robert Newman put up the lanterns ; " 3d, " William Creen, who lives 
at the North End, is the grandson of Capt. Thomas Barnard. His sister 84 years 
old remembers Robert Newman." " All these say that it was the universally re- 
ceived opinion that Robert Newman displayed the signal lights." Dr. Burroughs 
also writes that " the sexton was arrested, but nothing was proved against him. 
After giving the signal, he made his way out of the back-window of the church and 
was found in bed." 

We have space to give but a small portion of Dr. Watson's argument. " When 
it was discovered," says he, " by the British authorities that the signals had been 
made from Christ Church, ' a search was immediately set on foot for the rebel who 
made them.' The sexton of the church was suspected and arrested. He protested 
his innocence ; and, when questioned, declared that ' the keys of the church were 
demanded of him, at a late hour of the ni";ht, by Mr. Pulling, who, being a vestry- 
man, he thought had a right to them ; and after he had given them up he had gone 
to bed again, and that was all he knew about it.' This was sufficient to procure his 
release, and turn the search towards JMr. Pulling." The latter escaped in disguise 
to Nantasket, where he resided till the evacuation. On his return to Boston he 
found his dwelling-house and stores so injured that at the end of the war his property 
was all gone. He died soon after. Dr. Watson obtained the facts, related by him, 
principally from the letters of a granddaughter of Capt. Pulling. He adds his own 
testimony to this. " I distinctly remember," he says, " hearing my mother and my 
aunt — both of them sisters of Mrs. Annis Pulling — relating the story in our family, 
and saying they considered ' his showing the signals on that night at the peril of his 
life, as one of the most daring deeds of the Revolution.' " That John Pulling was 
a patriot is abundantly proved. He is mentioned in contemporary records {ante 
xxx. 382) in connection with Paul Revere. The Rev. Henry F. Lane, of Malone, 
N. Y., states in his communication to the Boston Journal that he distinctly re- 
members hearing when a lad his great-grandmother, Capt. Polling's widow, who 
died at xVbington about thirty years ago, in her 99th year, say that " her husband 
VOL. XXXI. 10* 



110 ITotes and Queries, [Jan, 

hung the lights in the steeple of the Old North Church to give the alarm to the 
country people." 

Paul Revere in his narrative states that he desired " a friend " to make the sig- 
nals, and that they were to be displayed from the " north church steeple." From 
the fact that the Second Church in Boston was usually termed the " North Church," 
and its edifice was known as the " Old North," whereas " Christ Church " was 
known by its proper appellation, many persons have contended, that it was from 
the belfry of the Second Church and not from the steeple of Christ Church that the 
lanterns were hung. VV"e have received a letter from Dr. Watson in which he gives 
strong reasons in favor of the latter steeple. Its position was such that a light there 
could be more plainly seen from Charlestown, and would be less likely to be detected 
by the British. Dr. Watson contends that the term " church," meaning an edifice 
for public worship, was only applied to buildings used by the episcopalians, the 
congregationalists calling their edifices " meeting-houses," though they called their 
corporations " churches." He fortifies his position with numerous instances where 
these terms were thus applied. 

Since the above was written, George Mountfort, Esq., a native of the north end of 
Boston, as were also his parents, informs us that, in his youth, he frequently conversed 
with aged people who were familiar with the subject ; and without an exception 
they told him that the lights were displayed from the spire of Christ Church in 
Salem Street, often called the north church. He considers it preposterous to sup- 
pose that they were hung from the low belfry of the Old North Meeting House. He 
has always heard that the lanterns were hung out by Robert Newman ; in fact, he 
never heard Capt. PuUing'sname mentioned in connection with this affair till he read 
Dr. Watson's article in the Advertiser. We understand that a competent person is 
investigating this affair, and when the result is published we may recur to the sub- 
ject. — Ed. 



Saltonstall. — I would like to point out an omission in Phippen's Saltonstall 
Pedigree, which I have never seen noticed, namely, the absence of the name of 
Martha, sister of Sir Richard Saltonstall, the Patentee. She married Dr. John 
Clarke, of Newbury, as is stated in Savage, vol. i. p. 395. In Bond's AYatertown, 
under the article Saltonstall, it is stated that this Martha was probably sister of one 
of Sir Richard's wives, but that she was his own sister seems to be proved by the 
following. My family are in possession of two panels which came from the Clarke 
house at the north end which is mentioned in Nason's " Boston in Colonial 
Times," page 73. William Clarke, the builder and owner of the house, was the 
grandson of Dr. John Clarke. On one of the panels is painted the coat-of-arms of 
Clarke, on the other that of the Saltonstalls. This seems to show that the families 
were related. Frederick L. Gay. 

Boston, Mass. 

[William Clarke, of Boston, in a letter written in 1731, an extract from which is 
printed in Felt's History of Ipswich, p. 311, writes: "My grandmother Clarke, 
whose maiden name was Martha Saltonstall, was the only sister of Sir Richard 
Saltonstall, and was the first English virgin that landed on the spot called Boston, 
with her brother, Richard, she being about twelve years of age." 

On submitting these facts to George D. Phippen, Esq., of Salem, the compiler of 
the Saltonstall Pedigree, he writes mc under date of Oct. 26, 1876, that he thinks 
the evidence is " quite conclusive that Martha was the sister of Sir Richard." — Ed.] 



FuRNESS {ante xxx. p. 63) . — In the January number of the Register I notice Mrs. 
Dall's contribution to the history of the Furness family. I have a pedigree of the 
Clark family of Salem, ancestors of several noted families in your neighborhood, in 
which Mr. John Clark marries Anne Furness. Said Clark's daughter married 
William Fairfax, of Virginia, then (1728-33) collector of Salem, and afterwards 
patron of George Washington, whose nephews married two of the daughters of 
Fairfax. My Clark pedigree, like that of the Furness family which you print, is 
defective in dates, and I cannot fix certainly the date of Clark's marriage, nor ascertain 
wliether the family was contemporaneous with your Furncsses. 

It is perhaps hopeless to try and trace the connection, if any, but if anj'^ present 
member or descendant should communicate with you on the subject, this fiict may 
be of use, and I should be glad of further information should any correspondent of 
your mai^azine be able to furnish it. Charles H. Poole. 

Washington J D. C. 



1877.] ITotes and Queries, 111 

Jacob Parker, of Chelmsford, died in or before 1669, as his widow presented an 
inventory of his estate, April 6, 1669. He left widow Sarah, who m. as liis second 
wife, Capt. John Wayte, of Maiden, Aug. 4, 1675, and died Jan. 13, 1707-8, aged 
81. His children were : 

i. Jacoi$, b. about 1652 ; d. in Maiden, Oct. 31, 1694, aged 42. 
ii. Sarah, b. Jan. 14, or April 14, 1654 ; m. as his second wife, Nathaniel Haward, 

of Charlestown and Chelmsford, July 1, 1678. 
iii. Thomas, b. March 28, 1656 ; was of Maiden, 1713. 
iv. Tabitua, b. Feb. 28, 1658-9 ; m. Stephen Pierce, of Chelmsford. 
V. Rebecca, b. May 29, 1661 ; m. Jonathan Danforth, of Billerica, June 27, 1682. 
vi. Benjamin, b. Aug. 8, 1663 ; m. Jan. 14, 1690-1, Sarah Haward, of Chelmsford ; 

was of Chelmsford, 1713. 
vii. Rachel, b. March 9, 1664-5; m. John Floyd, of Maiden, son of Capt. John 

Floyd, of Rumney Marsh, 
viii. Mary, b. Sept. 8, 1667; m. Thomas Wayte, son of Capt. John Wayte, of 
Maiden ; and d. Jan. 6, 1763. 
ix. Ebenezer, was of Chelmsford, 1713. D. P. Corey. 



Colonel Constant Freeman. — In number three of Rev. Frederick Freeman's 
" Memoranda in aid of a genealogy," page 404, occurs some information respecting 
Col. Constant Freeman, in which the writer distrusts the report that " he was an 
officer of the army during the whole of the revolutionary war." Mr. Freeman seems 
to have entirely ignored, save in a foot-note reference, Drake's "Memorial of the 
Society of the Cincinnati," wliere the whole military career of Col. Constant Free- 
man is explicitly set forth from the time he joined Arnold befu'c Quebec in 1775 to 
the date of his death in 1824 ; anil, in consequence of which membership, his 
nephew, Rear-Admiral Charles Henry Davis, United States Navy, is at present a 
member of the order. 

On page 408 of Mr. Freeman's work as noted, it is stated that Capt. Constant 
Freeman's (father ot Col. Constant Freeman above) brother Nehemiah was in com- 
mand of Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, in 1812. Was it not his son Nehemiah, 
brother of Col. Constant? Mr. Freeman would make him 69 years of age at the 
time of holding this post. 

Capt. Constant Freeman's second wife was the widow of Col. Palfrey as stated, 
page 389; but her daughter Susan married in 1794, and not 1741. She was born 
1767. William Lee. 

Washington, D. C. 

Phillips and Lovering. — Can the readers of the Register inform me — 

1. Who were the ancestors of Nathaniel Phillips, Avho married Nancy Maverick, 
and kept an apothecary shop on the corner of Orange and Bennet Streets in the city 
of Boston in the latter part of the last century? (Sumner's Hist, of E. Boston, 
page 169.) 

2. Who were the ancestors of Joseph Lovering, who married Nancy, daughter of 
the above named Nathaniel Phillips? Was this Joseph Lovering descended from 
either of the Loverings mentioned in the Register, vol. vi. page 178 ? 

Boston. Frederick L. Gay. 



Capt. John Talcott's Gravestone. — The following inscription was copied by me, 
Sept. 12, 1876, from a gravestone in the " old burial ground," Provincctown, Mass. : 

Here lies Interr'd the | Remains of Capt John | Taleott of Glausenbury | in Con- 
necticut, (Son to I Deac'n Benjamin Taleott) | who Died here in his | Return after 
the Victory 1 obtained at Cape [ ] a | Breton, A.D. 1745, [ in the 41«*^ year of his 
Age. 

At the place indicated by brackets there is a square depression in the stone about 
two inches square and half an inch deep. Thomas Smyth. 

Boston^ Mass. 



Jones (ante xxix. 316). — It will be seen by the following extract from the Jones 
family record that Nathaniel Jones of Ipswich was the father of Dr. Benjamin Jones 
who m. Sarah Endicott : 

" Benjamin Jones son of Nath^ Jones of Ipswich was born December 4, 1716, & 
my Dear wife Sarah Daughter of Capt. Samuel Endicott of Danvers was born 
January 13th anno 1720 old style." N. J. Herrick. 

Lawrence, Mass. 



112 JVotes and Queries, [Jan. 

PniLLiMORE, FiNNEMORE, Fynmore, Pilmore (ante vol. XXX. p. 467). — Your cor- 
respondent does not seem to know of the Fenimores of New Jersey. James Feni- 
more Cooper, or, as he is more generally called, Fenimore Cooper's mother was of 
this name, of whom Appleton's American Cyclopaedia, 1st edition, says: " Mrs. 
Cooper his mother, whom in personal aspect, as well as in mental and moral traits, 
Mr. Cooper greatly resembled, was the daughter of Richard Fenimore of New 
Jiersey, a fiimily of Swedish descent, and great personal excellence and social dis- 
tinction. She too, like her husband, possessed remarkable energy of character and 
a cultivated and commanding intellect, and is remembered to have been fond of 
romance reading. Her immaculate housekeeping, personal beauty, and family con- 
sequence made her to a memorable degree a sharer in the influence of her husband, 
both in the household and in the community." 

Of the above statement that the Fenimores were of Swedish origin I have always 
had a strong doubt, being familiar with the genealogy of many of the early settlers 
of this neighborhood. A Richard Fenimore, probably the progenitor of the family 
in this portion of New Jersey, was a signer of " the Concessions " in 1G76. Though 
the signatures attached to this document are under that date it is believed, in some 
instances at least, that some of them were written by settlers coming into the pro- 
vince a few years later. 

In Stryker's '' Jerseymen in the Revolutionary War, Trenton, 1872," we find, p. 
591, "Abraham Fenimore, Third Battalion, Gloucester;" also Colonel Somers' 
battalion, State Troops, " Henry Fenimore." 

" James Fenimore, Burlington." 

There was also a Thomas Fennimore, of Burlington county, 5th September, 1775. 
The name is still to be found in New Jersey. 

Filmore may be one of the variations of this name, as we have Pilbrick for Phil- 
brick. The Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D.D., who was a Protestant Episcopal clergyman 
in Philadelphia, rector of Saint Paul's church, was born in Tadmouth, Yorkshire, 
England, about 1734. He died, July 24, 1825. See Allibone's " Dictionary of 
Authors" for a farther account of him. His Journal there mentioned as in the 
possession of John Campbell, is now in the collection of Ferdinand J. Dreer, the 
well-known autograph collector of Philadelphia. Dr. Pilmore was a member of the 
St. George's Society, and in their hall in Philadelphia a fine portrait of him is to be 
seen, taken in his clerical robes with the black gown and bands. It is a striking 
picture, of a fine looking man, past middle age. William John Potts. 

Camden^ New Jersey. 

Andreav Alger, of Cape Porpoise, Me. — Concerning this person mentioned in 
the Register for July, 1875, vol. xxix. p. 272, I have found the following facts : In 
1674 he was fined for swearing. At that time he was living at Cape Porpoise. Mr. 
Bradbury states that his house stood near the " cursed fruit," an apple-tree, not far 
from the site of the old meeting-house, which acquired that name from the extreme 
bitterness of its fruit. In 1690, on the outbreak of Indian hostilities, he removed to 
Newbury, Mass., where in 1692 he executed a conveyance of his estate in Cape 
Porpoise, which he had acquired partly by purchase and partly by grant, to Joseph 
Bayley, who settled on it in 1700, and was killed by the Indians in 1723, and papers 
on tile in the Essex Probate Office set forth that Andrew Alger died at Newbury in 
August, 1694. In October following the selectmen directed James Brown and John 
Worth to take an inventory of his estate and make a return to the Judge of Probate, 
*' ye widow being an improvident person & likely to be chargable to ye town or 
country, for that they were driven from ye estate by ye enemies." 
" Joseph Bayley demands for Funerall expenses as foUoweth 

to his Coffin 00 06 00 

to digging the grave 00 04 00 

for drink at his Funerall 00 12 00 



01 02 00" 
The estate, which consisted solely of two or three household articles, was inven- 
toried at £1. 12s. A. M. Alger. 
Taunton^ Mass, 

Ilsley. — Can any of the readers of the Register give me the name of Capt. Isaac 
Ilslcy's wife, and also tell me if there is any genealogy of the Ilsley family? Capt. 
Ilsley was born in Newbury in 1703, and moved to Falmouth in 1735. H. D. 

Portland, Maine. 



1877.] Notes and Queries, 113 

De Wolf {ante xxx. 465). — The following items in regard to this family are found 
in the earliest books of town records of Lyme, Ct. 

The earliest De Wolf names mentioned are Belthazer De W., 1674, and, under 
earae date, Edward, joined with the names of the first two Matthew Griswolds ; and 
a Benjamin is mentioned in the records as a son of this Edward. The births of 
eeveral children of an Edward, probably the same, are given as follows: Simon, 
b. Nov. 28, 1671 ; Charles, b. Sept. 17, 1673; Benjamin, b. Dec. 3, 1695. Under 
dates of 1679 and 1681, occurs the name of Simon De W., and a Simon son of Bal- 
tazzar (" B. De W. committee of the town in 1677 ") is found in a deed of 1681 
from the latter to the former. The following are named as children of a Simon, 
probably the same one, by his wife Sarah, namely : Simon, b. Nov. 18, 1683 ; Sarah, 
b. Dec. 2, 1685; John, b. Aug. 1687; Josiah, b. Nov. 1689; Phebe, b. Jan. 20, 
1691-2 : Daniel, b. Dec. 29, 1693. Simon De W., sen., died Sept. 5, 1695. Under 
dates of 1676 and 1687 occurs the name of Stephen De W., who appears to have died 
in 1723 ; and the following sons of this Stephen are named : Lewis, Benjamin, 
Edward and Josiah (the last b. 1723). The last named Benjamin may have been 
the father of Stephen, son of Benjamin, who was baptized in 1731. (See church 
record in vol. xxx. p. 465 of Register.) In Oct. 1751, a " Mr. Daniel De W." 
married Mistress Azuba Lee ; had children, Elias and Daniel ; and died, the town 
records say, Oct. 10, 1752, which agrees precisely with the epitaph of Daniel (vol. 
xxx. p. 465 of Register), showing him to have been the same person. In the 
" Hyde Genealogy," p. 1179, is recorded the marriage of Anne Waterman (dau. of 
Lieut. Thomas W., one of the original proprietors of Norwich, by Miriam Tracy his 
wife) to Josiah De W., of Lyme. This Anne is undoubtedly the Anne wife of 
Josiah De W. whose epitaph we have given ; perhaps she was the mother of the 
Daniel of the other epitaph who lies buried at her side (see p. 465 of vol. xxx. of 
Register). E. McC. S. 



Joshua Treat, son of the Rev. Samuel Treat, of Eastham, was born March 17, 
1692. The christian name of his wife was Mary. On her gravestone, which is in 
the cemetery in Brewer, Maine, is this inscription : " Widow Mary Treat, Mother 
of Major Robert Treat and Mrs. Elizabeth Holyoke, died Aug. 1797, aged 95." 

I wish to know her maiden name, and when and where she was married to Joshua 
Treat. Joseph W. Porter. 

Burlington y Maine. 



Scott. — Sylvanus Scott, of Portsmouth, N. H., married Oct. 21, 1714, Sarah 
Moses of the same place {ante xxiii. 271) . They had eight children, baptized at the 
South Church, Portsmouth, viz. : Sarah, Amos, Frances, Samuel, Ruth, Sarah, 
Elizabeth and Frances. Another son, Sylvanus, though not on the church register, 
is found on the family record. Of these children two sons, Sylvanus and Samuel, 
and three daughters, Elizabeth, Frances and Ruth, removed to Scarborough, Maine, 
and afterwards to Machias. Wanted, the ancestry of Sylvanus, or the name of the 
place in Great Britain from which he emigrated. E. Scott. 

New York city. 



FoLsoM ALIAS Smith {ante xxx. 207). — As the tradition has prevailed, extensively, 
that the emigrant, John Folsom, was John Smith in England, the following record 
from the MS. of the late Hon. John Kelley, of Exeter, may throw some light on the 
question : 

" Adam Folsom, alias Smith, of Hingham, England, made his will in 1627, in 
which he names his sons, John, Adam and Peter. 

John his son came to Hingham, Ms., in 1638, and in the diary of Parson Hobart, 
of that town, it is found that his children were baptized, &c." (See Kelley's MS., 
iii. p. 143.) Jacob Chapman. 

Kingston f N. H. — 

Sumner. — Wanted, records of the descendants, if any, of the following Sumners : 

Samuel S., b. Boston, 1739. 

Samuel S.,b. " 1742. 

Joseph S., b. " 1764. 

John Pool S.,b. " 1676. 
39 Beacon St., Boston. W. S. Appleton. 



114 IsFotes and Queries, [Jan. 

Magnus Redlon was in Narragansctt No. 1 (now Buxton, Maine) as early as 1742. 
He was horn in Scotland in 1091, and died in Saco in 1772, aged 78. He had sons 
Daniol, Matthias, Ebenezer, John, Abraham, Robert, Jeremiah and Jacob. Where 
did JMagnus marr^^ and where were his sons born? His j^jungest son was born in 
1740. Tradition says he first settled in Saco ; that he married a Townsend there, 
and that his sons were born there. 1 find no daughters. Who can give information 
of this family? AVas his wife a daughter or sister of the Abraham Townsend who 
once lived in Biddeford? This family and the Townsends have continued to inter- 
marry. G. T. RiDLON. 

Harrison, Maine. 

Samuel Currier came to Haverhill, Mass., prior to 1668, and married Mary, dau. 
of Thomas Hardy, of Ipswich. His gravestone may still be seen in the old Pen- 
tucket Cemetery in Haverhill. It is sunk partially into the ground and leans to one 
side, but the inscription is easily deciphered, and is as foll(3ws : 

Here lyes y^ body of | Samuel Currier who | died March y^ 14, 1713 | aged 77 
years. 

For thia departed soul 

And all tlie rest 
Tt Christ has purchisd 

Thay shal be blest. 

It is a pity that this old relic could not be set upon a granite foundation so as to 
be preserved for many years longer. Who will assist in the undertaking ? 

Lowell. Mass. Edwin M. Currier. 



Capt. John Smith. — In 1819, a reprint of Smith's Trve Travels, Adventvres and 
Observations, and his General Bistorie, was issued in Richmond, Va. It has been 
frequently asserted that this edition was published at the expense of the celebrated 
John Randolph of Roanoke ; but I have been lately informed by the Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Atkinson, D.D., LL.D., of Wilmington, Episcopal bishop of North Carolina, that 
it was published at the expense of the Rev. John Holt Rice, D.D., a presbyterian 
clergyman then residing at Richmond, and that he made a heavy loss by the publi- 
cation, which almost ruined him. An account of him will be found in Drake's 
" Dictionary of American Biography." Bishop Atkinson was well acquainted with 
the Rev. Dr. Rice, and often conversed with him in regard to this matter. 

In 1787 the late Rev. Dr. Belknap advertised in a Boston paper for any person 
having a copy of Smith's History to inform him, as he very much wanted to obtain 
the loan of it. Frederic Kidder. 

Melrose, Mass. 

Clark and Kilby. — My thanks are due to Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New 
York, for information that makes it clear that the statement in my note, ante xxvi. 
page 437, that Benjamin Clark, who married Miriam Kilby, was a son of the Hon, 
William Clark, is not correct. The descendants of this Benjamin are correctly 
stated ; to what family he belongs, I do not know. I find the Benjamin, son of the 
Hon. William Clark, living in 1749, having a wife whose name was Susanna. I know 
nothing further of him. Mr. Greenwood thinks he lived till the revolution and was 
the loyalist of that name. 

I may add that the Hon. William Clark married Sarah, dau. of Robert Bronsdon, 
a merchant of Boston. She survived her husband. C. W. Tuttle. 



Felt. — On page 63 of vol. ix. of the Register, it is stated that Lucy, daughter of 
Eldad and Lucy^Spaulding) Spafford, married Joshua " Tell," and lived in Maine. 
She married Joshua Felt, son of Peter and Lucy (Andrews) Felt, of Lynn, Mass., 
afterwards of Temple, N. H. Joshua moved to Rumford, Me., previous to 1800, 
and to Woodstock, Me., in 1809. He died in 1812, May 1. His children were : i. 
Lucy, b. May 11, 1795, m. Jotham Perham, of Woodstock ; ii. Jeremiah, b. Feb. 
20, 1797, m. Eliza Perkins; iii. Aricmas, b. Oct. 15, 1800, in. Desire Stephens; 
iv. Sally, b. Dec. 21, 1802, m. Christopher Bryant, of Greenwood ; v. Elizabeth, b. 
Dec. 11, 1804, m. Jonathan Billings, of Woodt^tock ; vi. Polly, b. March 4, 1807, 
m. Amasa Bryant and went West; vii. John G., b. Aug. 22, 1809, m. Ayer 
Lawrence, of JaflVey, N. 11. ; ix. Paulina, b. Aug. 7, 1811, m. Perrin Dudley. 

After the death of her husband, Mrs. Felt became the second wife of Merrill 
Chase, of Woodstock, and had: x. Luanda, h. Feb. 9, 181G, m. Gibbs Besen, of 
Paris ; and xi. Alden, b. June 5, 1819, m. Lucy Cole. W. B. Lapuam. 

Aucjusta, Maine. 



I 



1877.] Notes and Queries, 115 

Printing in Dover, New Hampshire. — I am now able to answer, in part, one 
inquiry in the Register, ante vol. xxx. p. 468. I have just purchased a duodecimo 
volume of 485 printed pages, having this title-page : 

" Burn's Abridgement, or the American Justice ; containing the Whole Practice, 
Authority and Duty of Justices of the Peace ; with correct forms of precedents re- 
lating thereto, and adapted to the present situation of the United States." Dover 
{New Hampshire) : Printed for, and sold by Eiiphalet Ladd, at his printing office, 
near the Court-House. MDCCXCII. 

Is this the first book printed in Dover? C. W. Tuttle. 



John Saffin. — The following document has been copied for the Register, by 
Thomas B. Wyman, Esq., from the court files of Middlesex county : 

" honored Gentelmen havinge received a few lines from Mr John Saffin re- 
questing us to give 0"^ testimony of him what wee have obserued or knowe consern- 
ing him in poynt of his conservation wee can do no lesse at his request than to give 
yourselves or any other whome it may conserne to understand that wee have knone 
him ever since he was aboute 10 or 12 yeare old since which time he has had his 
abode & continuance amongst us (excepting the 3 or 4 last yearse) during which 
time his carridge was sober & ciuil yea verey comendable ; & wee do not kno neither 
ever hard of any cariage of his that could be a just blemishe unto him ; nor did wee 
e^er p'seive that he was at all edicted to keepe compony (according to the comon 
acseptation) but all way observed him verey prewdent in his cariage and wary 
whome he consorted with all ; allwayse componinge with the beter sorte & everey 
way demon inge & carriinge himselfe inofensive & as became an honest man. Gentel- 
men your Servantes. Timothy Hatherly 

Scituate the 25th of 10*^ 1657. James Cudworth." 

In a deposition dated Oct. 15,1681 (Suffolk Probate records vi. 356), Mr. Saffin 
gives his age as 47. If there be no error in this, he was born about 1634 ; but this 
would make him only about 19, in 1653, when he was a selectman of Scituate. — Ed. 



Proposal of Several Negroes in Boston, 1714. (From the original in the pos- 
session of Jeremiah Colburn, Esq.) — 



adam Laffin Negero 
Dick Negero 



Roben Keats 
Mingo Walker 



all these are willing to be bound for mad™ Leblond — Negero 
Woman — that she shall be Noe ways Chargeable to y*^ town 



Ned hubbard \ In Sickness or any disaster 



disallowed by y^ Sel:men the 2"^^^ of march : 1713-14 



Bailey — Hopkinson — Trumbull — Swan. — After along search for the parentage of 
Abigail, the wife of Deacon Joseph Bailey, of Bradford, Mass., whose posterity is 
given in my Researches of Merrimack Valley, I have concluded without doubt she 
was the daughter of John Trumbull, of Rowley, from whom, by his former wife 
Ellen, descended the Trumbulls who have resided since in Essex county, Mass., and 
in Connecticut. 

Ann, the mother of Abigail, was married three times, which may be learned from 
records; a part of which are the following relating to her and her surroundings, 
viz., in the records of Boston First Church, that Michael Hopkinson and Richard 
Swan with William Stickney and wife were all admitted 6. \V^^. 1638, and dismissed 
to form a church in Rowley 24. 9^^. 1639. 

In the files of Essex county, is a deposition of Ann Swan, dated Mar. 30, 1675-6, 
when she called herself aged 60 years. On the Rowley town records Michael and 
Ann Hopkinson (from whom descended the families of New England bearing that 
name) have recorded their children : Jonathan, b. 12 ll°i 1641, who d. aged 8 days ; 
Jonathan, b. 9. 2-^. 1643 ; Jeremy, b. 26 1™ 1645 ; John, b. 1. 11™°. 1646; Caleb, 
b. 19 12'^ 1648. 

Michael Hopkinson buried Feb. 28, 1648; John Trumble and Ann Hopkinson m. 
6*5^ mo. 1650 ; and they had Abigail, b. 10. 10°^° 1651 ; Mary, b. 7. 4'^o. i654 ; John 
Trumble, buried the fifth month eighteenth day, 1657. 

Richard Swan and Ann Trumble were married the first day of March, 1658. 
Richard Swan buried May 14, 1678. 

From Essex county Probate we find that Ann Trumble made oath to the inventory 
of the estate of Mihiil Hobkinson, appraised W^ of first, 1648, at court held 29 (7) 
1657, and on the same day swore to inventory of the estate of her late husband John 



116 . Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

Trumble; Joseph Jevrett and Thomas Dickinson appraisers of each estate. Richard 
Swan n^ade Ihh will Apr. 25, 1G78, wliich was proved 23 of the next May, giving to 
his wife Ann besides other Ici^acies what he contracted with her to have " upon 
their agreement before marriage." 

Ann, relict of Richard Swan, made her will which was proved Sept. 24, 1078. *' The 
Last will & Testament of Ann Swan of Rowley Relict of Richard Swan of Rowley 
deceased Imj)'' I comitt my soule Into the hands of God my maker In & through the 
Lord Jesus Christ &> my body to decent Jiuriall In hopes oi' Blessd ressurection : And 
as for my outward estate my will is that it be Giuen as followeth & I doe hereby 
Giue & bequeath the same : Impr I giue to my daughter Abigaill Baily : that Bed 
that was mine before mariage to my husband swan : w^'^ the new Bolster & Gray 
Blanket, & a couerlet & pillow : & a platter & a pair of sheets & one pillow bear & 
one chamber pott, & one porringer & one Iron skillet & one peuter Candlestick, & 
one Beaker Cup. 

" 1 giue to n)y daughter Mary Killburne my other Feather Bedd .... Futher all 
the wooden ware & vessells I give betwixt Abigail & Mary .... 

"I giue my son Caleb Ilopkinson the old Bed in the chamber & Bolster .... 

" I giue my son John Ilopkinson one Iron ketle A pair of Andirons & one Great 
cheir My will is that my sons Jonathan Hopkinson & John Ilopkinson be executors 
to this my Last will : to whome when they have paid my debts and funerall charges 
I give all the Rest of my estate : only one Book of Mr Boltons works to my son John 
Trumble & for full Confirmation of y*^ premises & every part thereof I have set to my 
hand & seal this fourth day of July Anno. Dom : one thousand six hundred & 
Seauenty eight h<^r 

Ann 2 Swan" 
mark 

And from Essex county deeds we find the following, dated Mar. 21, 1670-1 : 

" Know all men by these presents that I Richard Swane of the Towne of Rowley in 
the county of Essex in New England Massachusetts for several good causes moveing 
me thervnto and for an engagment made vnto me for the payment of the portions, 
of Abigaill and Mary Trumbles portions by Jonathan & John Hobkinson when the 
eayd portions come to be due. Be it knowne that after the decease of my selfe, and 
my wife Ann swan, Mother unto the s*^ Jonathan and John Hobkinson and Abigaill 
and mary Trumble, I doe give .... vnto the sayd Jonathan and John Hobkinson 
certain p'cells of meadow that I received In part of the Dowry I had with my wife 
Ann Trumble being of the thirds of the estate of John Trumble her former Husband 
deceased." 

Query, who were the parents of the above mentioned Ann ? Any more informa- 
tion in regard to her will be thankfully received by Alfred Poor. 
Salem, Mass. 

Joel Munsell, 82 State Street, Albany, N. Y., has in press the following work8, 
which we recommend to our readers : 

1, The Founders of Maryland as Portrayed in Manuscripts, Provincial Records 
and Early Documents. By the Rev. Edward D. Neill, A.B. 8vo. 200 pages. 
Cloth, $2. 

The Rev. Mr. Neill is the author of the series of articles now appearing in the 
Register under the title of " Notes on American History," and also of several 
volumes relating to American history, which show great research, and have won 
high praise. 

2. riie Indian Miscellany; containing Papers on the History, Antiquities, Arts ^ 
Inventions, Languages, Religions, traditions and Superstitions of the American 
Aborigines. Collected by W. VV. Beach. 450 pages, price $4. 



CooK. — Was Josias Cook who married Elizabeth, widow of Stephen Deanc, in 
1635, a son of Francis Cook who came in the Mayflower ? Edward W. Hall. 

Colby University, Watcrville, Ale. 



The Star Spangled Banner. — Since the article on this subject in the present 
number of the Register {ante p. 29) was printed, jMr. Keim, of Reading, Pa., has 
written to me that he has j)resented his copy of the above sonii; in the autograph of 
the author, F. S. Key, as well as a copy of "Home, Sweet Home," in the auto- 
graph oi its author, John Howard Payne, to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Geo. Henry Preulk. 



1877.] Notes and Queries. 117 

Historical Articles in Newspapers. — Series of articles illustrating the history 
of the town or county in which newspapers are printed appear now and then in their 
columns. The publication of such articles adds much to the interest of these papers, 
and causes them to be preserved by their subscribers. The following newspapers 
contain such articles : 

1. The Dover Enquirer. A series of articles, under the title of " Historical 
Memoranda," illustrating the history of Dover, N. H., was commenced in 1850, and 
has been continued with various intermissions to tlie present year, No. 288 having 
appeared May 11, 1876. We understand the publication of them is to be resumed. 
Nearly all the articles have been contributed by the Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D.D.,. 
and Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., who have a more thorough acquaintance with the 
history and antiquities of Dover than any other persons. This is the most extensive 
and valuable series of articles on local history we know of. The Enquirer is pub- 
lished by Libbey & Co. Price, $2.50 a year, or $2 in advance. 

2. The Villager, published at Amesbury and Salisbury, Mass. A series of articles 
on the history oftho.se localities was commenced in this paper April 2, 1874, under 
the title of " Collectanea," and was continued some time. Published by VV. H. B. 
Currier. Price, $2 a year, or $1.75 in advance. 

3. The Daily Evening Standard, published at New Bedford, Mass. Gen. El)enezer 
W. Peirce, who has large collections of materials concerning the civil, military and 
genealogical history of Bristol county, commenced, March 14, 1876, publishing in 
this paper, articles on the history of '' The Second Regiment of Bristol County, 
called the Dartmouth Regiment." This regiment was organized about 1740. The 
articles are compiled with great care from original documents and other sources, and 
contain much biographical and genealogical as well as historical matter. No. xx. 
appeared Sept. 8, 1876, and we understand the articles are still continued. Pub- 
lished by Edmund Anthony & Sons. Price of daily, $6 a year ; of the weekly, $2. 



Inscriptions in Chelsea Old Burial-Ground, Nov. 19, 1876. — " Here Lj'eth 
Buried y® | Body of M^ Deane | Winthrop of Pullen Point | aged 81 years who | 
Departed this Life | March the 16 | 170|." 

" Here lies buried | y*^ Body of | Capt. Jose Winthrop | aged 36 years | 6 mo. 11 
d^. deceased | November y^ 15. | 1702." 

" Here lyes y^ Body | of Margaret y<^ wife | of Jotham Grover | aged 35 years | 
deed. April ye 6 | 1695." 

"Here lies buried | y® Body of Mrs. | Prudence Grover | wife to Mr. John | 
Grover, who died | July SSd 1731 in y° 45*'!. | year of his age." 

" Here lyes Buried [ y^ Body of | Marcy Haugh | ye wife of | Atherton Haugh | 
aged about 29 years | dec^. Novem'' y^ 16 | 1702." J. W . T. 



Work by the Rev. Richard Mather— Title Wanted. — Wanted, the title of 
a tract (pp. viii. 9-29), the preface signed Increase Mather, and dated " Boston, 
Janu. 5th, 1711. 12." The following is copied from the preface: " My Father has 
Written a larger Answer to the first of these Questions, [Whether does the Power 
of Church Government belong unto all the People, or to the Elders alone?] with an 
Answer to objections made by some Persons of Brownistical Principles, then belong- 
ing to the Church in Dorchester, but afterwards of another Church. I would have 
Published that also, for the illumination and confirmation of the Churches in the 
present Truth. But some body several years since borrowed that Manuscript, I 
remember not who, but wish it might be returned to me again. I have no more to 
add, only to Attest that what is Emitted herewith, is a true Copy transcribed from 
my Fathers Manuscript written with his own hand, in the year, 1615." 

Boston, Mass. J. A. Lewis. 



The International Exhibition at Philadelphia was closed with appropriate cere- 
monies, November 10, 1876, after having been open just six months. A rain storm 
prevented the ceremonies from being held in the place prepared for the occasion, 
between the main building and machinery hall, and they were held in the " Judges' 
Hall." Only a small portion of the invited guests could be admitted. Miss Sarah 
Smith Stafford was present and unfurled the flag of the Bon Homme Richard belong- 
ing to her, of which flag an account, by Rear-Adm. Preble, will be found in the 
Register for Jan. 1874 (ante xxviii. 17). The president of the United States and 
other dignitaries were present. President Grant officially declared the exhibition, 
closed. 

VOL. XXXI. 11 



118 N^otes and Queries, [Jan. 

William Douglass, M.D. — The following information respecting Dr. William 
Doiighiss, author of the " Summary, Historical and Political, of the British Settle- 
ments in North America," and his family, is derived from oilicial records. He died 
" very suddenly," in Boston, Oct. 21, 1752, in his own house in Green Dragon Lane, 
intestate. His property was large, mostly real estate in several towns in Massa- 
chusetts, and was ai)praised above three thousand pounds. 

His father M'as George Douglass, of Gillord, co. Haddington, Scotland, where he 
had been a " portioner," and a factor of John, Marquis of Tweeddale. He died 
before his son in Boston, having had issue, three sons, viz. : Cornelius, Dr. William 
of Boston, and George, and one daughter, Katharine, who married a Carr, and was 
a widow living in Boston in 1754. The son George died unmarried. Cornelius, 
the eldest son, was a surgeon in Gilford, and had issue, a son Cornelius, living in 
Edinburgh in 1752, and described as " Wright or Joiner." This Cornelius was the 
legal heir to his uncle's estate in Boston. He provided legal proof of this, and came 
to Boston, and was appointed administrator of the estate, Aug. 24, 1753. John 
Erving, Esq., of Boston, a principal creditor, had previously been administrator. 

Dr. Douglass left a natural son, born at Boston, July 25, 1745, who bore the 
name of William Douglass. He undertook to educate him according to some pecu- 
liar notions of his own ; and gives in a note, on page 346, vol. ii. of his " Summary," 
an illustration of the lad's proficiency. What became of this William Douglass ? 

Boston, Mass. C. W. Tuttle. 



Notes and Queries, by the Rev. G. T. Ridlon, of Harrison, Me.- — 

Willoughby. — There was a Wilioughby Scribner, who married Molly Peirce, and 
resided in Harrison, Me. He was buried in said town. It may be presumed that 
his mother was a Willoughby. 

Cotton. — I have the records of the family of John Cotton who settled in Gor- 
ham. Me. 

Huguenots. — I have genealogies of several families who are said to have been 
Huguenots, viz., " Cassells,^'' " Tabeaucc^^ (nowTarbox), and " Chastalai^^ (now 
spelled Kearsley and Carsley). 

Brokhbank. — Can any one give information of families of this name ? There was 
a family living in Bridgeton, Me., now extinct in the male line. I think the sur- 
name is very rare. 

Walkinshaw. — There was a William Walkinshaw, who purchased a share in a 
" double saw mill " on Moderation Falls on Saco River in the year 1795. He wit- 
nessed a deed in Pepperillboro' (now Saco), May 16, 1786. Can any one give infor- 
mation of families of this name ? I think the name is rare. 

Scotch-Irish. — Can any one give a full list of the Scotch-Irish families that came 
to New England in 1718 ? 

Gillpatrick or Killpatriek. — I have been collecting records of the descendants of 
that Thomas Killpatriek that came from Coleraine, Ireland, and settled in Wells 
and Biddeford, Me., and have now a very full history of that descent. The de- 
scendants are very numerous. I intend to print a sketch of the family in a little 
work entitled the " Early Settlers of Saco and Biddeford" (Maine), for which 1 
have long been collecting materials. I think Killpatriek was a change from Kirk- 
patrick, a surname derived from the local source, viz., the church of St. Patrick. A 
church is called a Kirk in Scotland, and here the surname has long been known. 

I should like to communicate with descendants of the early Saco and Biddeford 
families. 



Paige's History of Cambridge, Mass. — The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., who, 
for many years, has been collecting materials for a history of Cambridge, having 
completed his book, it is now in press and will probably be published in February 
next. It will contain a genealof^y of the early families of Cambridge. It will make 
a volume ot about 750 pages, and the price will be $5. H. 0. Houghton & Co., 
Cambridge, are the publishers. 



Col. Chester's Registers of Westminster Abbey (ante xxx. 479). — The London 
Times devotes three and a half columns, or more than half a page, to an elaborate re- 
view of this book, and the London Morning Post of Nov. 2, 1876, also has a long 
notice of it. Both newspapers, whose standard of merit is known to be high, be- 
stow great praise on the manner in which Col. Chester has performed his editorial 
labor. 



1877.] Societies and their Proceedings, 119 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PEOCEEDIXGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston^ Massachusetts, Wednesday, February 2, 1876. — A stated meeting was held 
at 3 o'clock, P.M., at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, the president, the 
Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

David G. Haskins, Jr., the recording secretary, read a communication from the 
board of directors, to whom the matter of suitably recognizing the services of the 
president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, particularly in raising funds for the pur- 
chase of the Society's house, had been referred by the Society, stating that the board 
had voted to request Mr. Wilder to sit for his portrait. 

The Hon. John S. Sleeper read a paper on " Piracy in the West Indies." He 
treated of the system of piracy which was carried on in the West Indies for nine or 
ten years after the treaty of peace between Great Britain and the United States. 
That period, said Mr. Sleeper, has appropriately been styled " The xAge of Piracy." 

Remarks by the president and Rev. Drs. William M. Cornell and Dorus Clarke 
followed, and the thanks of the Society were voted to Mr. Sleeper, and a copy of his 
paper requested. 

The Hon. ('harles Cowley of Lowell, in behalf of the committee of arrangements, 
invited the Society to attend the semi-centennial celebration, ^larch 1, of the incor- 
poration of that town . 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing resident membership to which they had been elected, from Ralph Haskins, Oli- 
ver B. Stebbins and Arthur G. Fuller of Boston, and Clark Swallow of East Bridge- 
water. He further reported correspondence with the Hon. NV'illiam H. Potter of 
Mystic River, Ct., chairman of a committee of the New London County Historical 
Society, in reference to a proposed monument on the site of the old Pequot foit. 
Resolutions approving the erection of such a monument were passed, and the Rev. 
Edmund F. Slafter, John Ward Dean and Frederic Kidder were chosen a com- 
mittee to communicate and cooperate with the above committee. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported that 17 volumes, 71 pamphlets, and a 
Dumber of other articles had been presented during the month of January. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, read biographical sketches of the 
following deceased members, namely : Francis Dane, David Snow, and Gen. John 
S. Tyler, of Boston, and the Hon. William Cushing of Newburyport, resident mem- 
bers ; and of Philip Henry Stanhope, D.C.L., tilth earl of Stanhope, of London, 
Eng., an honorary member. 

The president read a communication from the board of directors, recommending, 
if a suitable place were provided at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, that 
a complete set of the Historical and Genealogical Register, and the other publica- 
tions of the Society, be bound and exhibited there. The recommendation was 
adopted. 

William H. Montague and Frederic Kidder made some remarks upon the celebra- 
tion of the centenaries of Evacuation Day and the Sudbury Fight. This matter 
and the invitation of the city of Lowell were referred to the board of directors. 

March 1. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D. , 
in the chair. 

The Rev. Abijah P. Marvin, D.D., of Lancaster, Mass., read a paper on the In- 
dian Massacre at that place, Feb. 10, 1675-6, old style, corresponding to Feb. 20, 
new style. Remarks on the subject followed from the Hon. G. Washington War- 
ren, the Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, the Rev. Dr. Marvin, and the Rev. Dr. Wil- 
liam M. Cornell. 

The librarian reported 34 volumes, 67 pamphlets, and other articles, as donations 
during the last month. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of the following deceased mem- 
bers, namely : the Hon. Beamish Murdoch, D.C.L., the Hon. William B. Reed, 
and George Williams Pratt. 

The Rev. Dr. Cornell read a chapter from his forthcoming History of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Thanks were voted to Rev. Drs. Marvin and Cornell for their papers. 



120 Societies and their Proceedings* [Jan. 

A communication from the board of directors stated that the Hon. Marshall P. 
Wilder, the Hon. Charles L. Woodbury, Charles W. Tuttle, the Hon. Gustavus V. 
Fox, the Hon. William S. Gardner, the Rev. Dr. Dorus Clarke, the Hon. George 
Cogswell and Col. Albert H. Hoyt, had been chosen delegates to the Lowell semi- 
centennial celebration ; and the Hon. Ezra Wilkinson, Samuel B. Noyes, D. T. V. 
Huntoon, the Rev. Dr. Ezekiel Russell and William B. Trask, delegates to the Med- 
field bi-centennial celebration. 

April 5. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in the 
chair. 

The corresponding secretary called attention to the gift of a portrait of the presi- 
dent, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. He stated that in January last, the directors 
in behalf of the Society invited Mr. Wilder to sit for his portrait in token of its ap- 
preciation of his services to the Society. In the mean time, Edward D. Marchant, 
a distinguished artist of Philadelphia, being in Boston to copy the fine portrait of 
Benjamin West at the Athenooum, generously offered to paint the portrait and pre- 
sent it to the Society, which offer was gratefully accepted. ]\Ir Slafter announced 
that the portrait had been completed, and read a letter from JNIr. Marchant present- 
ing it to the Society. After the reading of the letter, a veil was removed from the 
portrait, which, unknown to the members generally, had been suspended near the 
platform, and the marvellously fine likeness was greeted with prolonged applause. 
The thanks of the Society were voted to Mr. Marchant for his generous and appro- 
priate gift. 

The president exhibited a section of one of the branches of the Old Elm on Boston 
Common, blown down in a severe gale on Tuesday, the 15th of February last, pre- 
sented by Samuel C. Cobb, mayor, and John T. Clark, alderman, of Boston. 

Brevet Maj.-Gen. Henry W. Benham, U.S.A., then read a paper entitled, "A 
Narrative of the Laying of Ponton Bridges in the Battle of Chancellorsville, Va." 
These bridges were laid under the direction of Gen. Benham, and his narrative was 
exceedingly interesting. After complimentary remarks by Frederic Kidder, Judge 
G. W. Warren and Rev. Dr. Dorus Clarke, thanks for his paper were voted to Gen. 
Benham. 

The librarian reported as the donations in March, 44 volumes, 225 pamphlets, and 
a number of other articles. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters of acceptance from Augustus R. 
Bajdey, Cambridgeport, Henr}' C. Thacher, Yarmouthport, Fred. Tebbits, Milford, 
Rev. Joshua P. Bodfish, Boston, Reuben R. Dodge, Wilkinsonville, George W, Ham- 
mond, Boston, Charles W. Hubbard, W^eston, George H. Allan, New York, George 
T. Wiggin, Hyde Park, Samuel H. Russell, Boston, James F. D. Garfield, Fitch- 
burg, and Alexander S. Porter, Boston, as resident ; and from Henry C. Pechell of 
Mansfield Park, England, and John S. Jenness of New York city, as corresponding 
members. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of two deceased members, namely : 
■ John M. Bradbury of Ipswich, and James E. Root of Boston. 

May 3. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in the 
chair. 

The president announced that since the last meeting two vice-presidents of the 
Society had died, namely : William B. Towne of Milford, N. 11., and the Hon. 
Henry P. Haven of New London, Ct., and appointed the following committees to 
prepare appropriate resolutions, namely : on Mr. Towne, the Hon. George C. Rich- 
ardson, Charles L. W^oodbury and Charles H.Bell; on Mr. Haven, the Rev. Drs. 
Dorus Clarke and Increase N. Tarbox and the Hon. Richard A. Wheeler. 

A letter was then read from A. F. Bradbury of Dexter, Me., executor of the late 
John M. Bradbury of Ipswich, communicating an extract from the will of the lat- 
ter (which has been printed in the Register, xxx. 462), by which a generous legacy 
'was left to the Society. The president appointed Charles W. Tuttle, Col. Eben F. 
.Stone and John Ward Dean a committee to prepare suitable resolutions. 

George W. Ware, Jr., followed with a paper entitled, " A Tour in Spain," de- 
rived from personal reminiscences of a visit to that country a few years ago. 

The Hon. Joseph W. Porter of Burlington, Me., then gave an account of the 
.military services, in the French and Revolutionary wars, of Col. Jonathan Eddy, 
whose papers he had recently secured, and read extracts from one of Eddy's orderly 
books. Remarks on the subject were made by Frederic Kidder and George H. Allan, 
the latter a grandson of Col. John Allan, the rival of Col. I'Mdy, and tiie former the 
editor of Col. Allan's letters and journals. {Ante xxx. 353.) Both attested to the 
•value of Col. Eddy's papers. 



1877.] Societies mid their Proceedings, 121 

The historiographer read bio.i^raphical sketches of tlie following deceased mem- 
bers, namely : the Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., LL.D., honorary vice-president 
for Iowa ; Nathan Durfee, M.D., John P. Converse, William E. Doggett and Col. 
Thomas H. Wynne. 

The librarian reported the monthly donations as 52 volumes, 155 pamphlets, and 
several other articles. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters of acceptance from Herbert S. Car- 
ruth of Dorchester, R. G. F. Candage of Boston, Christopher A. Hack of Taunton, 
Charles V. Bemis, M.D., of Medford, and Edward 8. Bennett of Concord, as resi- 
dent; Rev. Charles T. C. Trelawney of Ham near Plymouth, England, as corres- 
ponding; and Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., of Middle town, as honorary members. 

Thanks were voted to Messrs. Ware and Porter for their papers. 

Junel. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon. The president, the Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, being prevented from attending by the state of his health, the 
Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., was called to the chair. 

Charles W. Tuttle, chairman of the committee for preparing resolutions on the 
death of Mr. Bradbury of Ipswich, reported the following : 

Resolved, That by the death of John Merrill Bradbury the Society loses a member 
distinguished for his antiquarian tastes and learning and for his accurate knowledge 
of local history, and one well esteemed in all the relations of life. 

Resolved, That his testamentary bequest to this Society entitles him to a high 
place among its benefactors, and will cause his name to be held in grateful remem- 
brance. 

Resolved, That an attested copy of these resolutions be transmitted to his family 
with the assurance of the deepest sympathy of this Society in their bereavement. 

Mr. Tuttle said he had already briefly expressed his views on the life and charac- 
ter of the late Mr. Bradbury, in a biographical sketch of him which had been read 
before the Society at a former meeting. They had been formed from a personal 
acquaintance with him extending over nearly twenty years. He was glad to find 
that they were concurred in by all who had a similar acquaintance witli him. It 
only remained for him now to allude to his very generous bequest to the Society, of 
which he had no information at the time he prepared the sketch. Mr. Bradbury's 
interest in the Society and its work were well known to many members. No stronger 
proof of this could be given than the testamentary act by which $2,000 and certain 
stock securities come immediately to the use of the Society. This is the largest un- 
conditional bequest yet made to the Society ; and it places the name of jMr. Brad- 
bury among the worthiest of our benefactors. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter supported the resolutions with some remarks. He 
said he was well acquainted with the merits of Mr. Bradbuiy from personal ac- 
quaintance and otherwise ; that his modesty, his accuracy and his fondness for anti- 
quarian research were prominent traits ; that, considering he was not reputed a 
wealthy man, his donation to the Society was a very handsome one. 

The resolutions, on motion of David M. Balfour, were unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee to prepare resolutions 
on the death of Mr. Haven of New London, Conn., reported the following : 

Resolved, That by the death of Hon. Henry P. Haven, of New London, Conn,, one 
of the vice-presidents of this Society, we have to mourn the loss of one of the most 
valuable members of this institution. He was a native of Norwich, was born in 
humble circumstances, and in his youth he was taken into the family and into the 
commercial house of Hon. Thomas VV. Williams of New London, where by diligent 
attention to his duties he early became a partner, and long since the head of the firm. 
In that connection he became widely and honoral^ly known in the circles of busi- 
ness as a man of great enterprise and sterling integrity. He was also one of the 
best citizens of the state of Connecticut. For many years he was actively engaged 
in personal labors for the good of his fellow men ; and his charities, through public 
and private channels, were munificent. His life was radiant with christian hope and 
zeal. He was a warm friend of all good enterprises, a wise and prominent member 
of many of the benevolent societies of the day. His departure in the midst of such 
active labors for the glory of God and the best interests of his race, is widely 
lamented. 

We place on record this sincere tribute to his memory, and lay the garland on his 
tomb. 

VOL. XXXI. 11* 



122 Societies and their Proceedings, [Jan. 

Resolved, That a copj' of tl)e,se resolutions be sent to the family of Mr. Haven, 
with the assurance of our unfeigned condolence with them in their great bereave- 
ment. 

Ur. Clarke made some remarks in support of these resolutions, paying a fitting 
tribute to the memory of the deceased, lie was followed by Frederic Kidder, after 
which the resolutions were adopted unanimously. 

The Hon. George C. Richardson, chairman of the committee on resolutions of re- 
epect to the memory of Mr. Towne, of Milford, N. II., reported these resolutions : 

^ Resolved, That in the death of William Blanchard Towne, Esq., of Milford, N.H.» 
vice-president of tliis Society for tliat state, we deplore the loss of an associate whose 
integrity and fidelity to every trust has won for him the confidence of all classes of 
the community. 

Resolved, That this Society is under great obligation to him for the valuable ser- 
vice he has in many ways rendered ; particularly for his ten years' labors as treasu- 
rer ; for the eflicient aid he gave to the j)rcHident in procuring donations for the 
building fund and the fund for the support of the librarian ; and for his interest in 
the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, manifested by his gratui- 
•tous services for many years as its business manager and as one of its publishing 
Jommittce. 

Resolved, That his donations to found the Towne Memorial Fund, for the publi- 
cation of memoirs of deceased members, now amounting to nearly four thousand 
•dollars, and his many other donations, attesting his liberality and his wise discern- 
ment of the needs of the Society, deserve and will receive our grateful remembrance. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon tlie records, and a copy signed 
by the president and recording secretary be sent to the family. 

Remarks in suj)port of these resolutions and expressive of the high character of 
Mr. Towne, Avere made by Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D.. and 
Hon. George 0. Richardson, and the resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Henry W. Holland, of Cambridge, read a paper entitled, " An Account of William 
Dawes and his Midnight Ride with Paul Revere." 

Remarks on the subject of the paper were made by Rev. Dr. Clarke and Mr. Kid- 
der, after which a vote of thanks was passed. 

The librarian reported as donations during May, 35 volumes, 95 pamphlets, 233 
specimens of confederate money and bonds, besides other articles. 

The corresponding secretary read a letter inviting the Society to be represented 
in a convention of archasologists to be held in September at Philadelphia. On 
motion of the Hon. George C. Richardson, the presiding officer was authorized to 
appoint three delegates to this convention. 

Prof. James D. Butler, of Madison, Wis., a corresponding member, was then in- 
troduced, and addressed the Society concerning the archaeological curiosities at the 
Centennial Exposition, many of which were contributed by the Historical Society 
of Wisconsin. He also spoke of a discovery he made some years ago about the loss 
of Gen. Stark's horse at the battle of Jk^nnington, which portion of his remarks is 
printed in the Register, vol. xxx. p. 3<)H. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of the Hon. Charles W. Upham, 
"Winslow Lewis, M.D., and Rev. William B. Sprague, D.D. 

iSeptcmber 0. — The first meeting after the summer recess was held this afternoon. 
Ill health still preventing the president from attending, Rev. Dr. Clarke was again 
called to the chair. 

The librarian reported as donations during the months of June, July and August, 
■66 volumes, 432 pamphlets, and a variety of otlier articles. 

The recording secretary, David G. Haskins, Jr., read a memoir by Joseph Bal- 
lard, of Mrs. Norton, who gave the land to the Old South Church, upon which still 
stands the building, hallowed by patriotic associations, and long used by it as a 
place of worship. Accompanying the memoir was a manuscript containing the result 
of exhaustive researches made for him by Col. Joseph L. Chester of London, Eng., 
concerning the ancestry and kindred of Mrs. Norton. She was a daughter of John 
and Temperance (Corbet) Fernelcy of West Crectiiig, Suffolk, and was horn there, 
Oct. 2, 1()02. She was a cousin of the famous Miles Corbet, one of the judges who 
•c mdemned Charles I., and two of her great aunts were respectively tije wives of Sir 
Thomas Gresham and Sir Nicholas Bacon. 

The Rev. Elias Nason read a ])aj)er on The Law of Progress under the Light of 
History, which was listened to with the deepest interest. After remarks by Rev. 
C. D. Bradlee and Dr. William M. Cornell, thanks were voted to Rev. Mr. Nason. 



1877.] Societies and their Proceedings, 123 

In the absence of the historiographer, his sketches of deceased members, namely, 
Rev. Samuel H. Riddel, Rev. Frederick W. Chapman, Joseph H. York, M.D., and 
Thomas P. Gentlee, were read by the secretary. 

October 2. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, president "Wilder in 
the chair. 

The president appointed Frederic Kidder, William B. Trask, J. Colburn, David 
G. Haskins, Jr., and the Hon. James W. Austin, a committee to nominate officers 
for the ensuing year. 

The Hon. James W. Austin read a paper on New England in the Pacific. Judge 
Austin, who resided for about twenty years in the Sandwich Islands,. spoke particu- 
larly on the inflaence New England had exerted on these islands, which are fast 
approaching their centennial jubilee, for on the 19th of January, 1778, Capt. Cook 
made them known to the civilized world. 

Thanks were voted to Judge Austin for his paper. 

The librarian reported as donations in September, 46 volumes, 132 pamphlets, be- 
sides other articles. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptance of corresponding membership 
by Joseph Andre Casimir Conte of Marseilles, France, and Divie Bethune McCartee 
of Tokio, Japan ; and of resident membership by Hon. Charles R. Train of Boston, 
George L. Austin of Cambridge, Frederick R. Nourse of Boston, the Rev. John 
Weiss of Boston, the Rev. Charles \V. Hayes of Portland, Me., and the Hon. Na- 
than Crosby of Lowell. 

John Ward Dean, Albert H. Hoyt, Jeremiah Colbiirn, William B. Trask and 
Charles W. Tuttle, were chosen the publishing committee for 1876-7. 

RnODE-IsLAND HISTORICAL SoCIETY. 

Providence, Tuesday, Oct. 3, 1876. — A quarterly meeting of this Society was held 
this evening, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, LL.D., in the chair. 

A large number of donations were announced, and several resident and correspond- 
ing members were elected. 

A proposition for a monument to King Philip was referred to a committee con- 
sisting of Rev. Dr. Alexis Caswell, Dr. George L. Collins and Samuel W. Church. 

The Rev. Edwin M. Stone read extracts trom Gen. Sullivan's Brigade Orderly 
Book at Cambridge, Mass., in the summer of 1775. This brigade consisted of three 
New Hampsliire regiments, commanded respectively by Cols. John Stark, Enoch 
Poor, and James Reed ; and three Massachusetts regiments, commanded by Cols. 
Nixon, Mansfield and Doolittle. 

October 24. — A special meeting was held this evening, vice-president Allen in the 
chair. B. F. Pabodie was chosen secretary pro tern. 

Rev. Edwin M. Stone, the cabinet-keeper, announced several donations, among 
them a framed portrait of Joseph R. Brown. 

William A. Mowry read an interesting paper on the History of the Cherokee Na- 
tion, dwelling particularly upon the evidences of great mental ability sometimes 
found among the Indians, and the unchristian treatment which this tribe has receiv- 
ed by the whites. 

Remarks upon the paper were made by Messrs. Allen, Stone, Mowry and others. 

November 21. — A meeting was held this evening, the president, the Hon. Samuel 
G. Arnold, in the chair. 

Prof. J. L. Diman, D.D., of Brown University, read an able paper on " The Re- 
lation of the Ottoman Empire to European Politics," which was listened to with 
earnest interest. 

Vice-president Allen made a few remarks on this paper, and related an incident 
which he witnessed in Turkey, illustrating a pleasing phase of Turkish character, 
and, on his motion, seconded by Amos Perry, the thanks of the Society were voted 
to Prof. Diman. 



124 Necrolocju of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-EXGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Historiographer of the Society. 

The Rev. Frederick VTilliam CnAPMAN, A.M., a resident member, was born in 
Canfield, Ohio, November 17, 1806, and died July 21, 1876, at his residence in 
Rocky Hill, Ct. lie was a descendant in the seventh generation from Robert^ 
Chapman (many years town clerk of Saybrook, Conn., in which town his descendants 
have retained possesf^ion of his homestead to the present time), through Nathanael,^ 
Nathanael,-^ IS'athanael,'^ Titus^ and Abisha.^ His father, Abisha* Cliapman, born 
June 1, 1782, married Mary Goss, daughter of Ebenezer and Beda Goss, born in 
1783, and had two children, Frederick William, the subject of this sketch, and 
Henry B. who died May 5, 1875, aged 58. 

Mr. Chapman was left early in life, by the death of his father, to rely upon his 
own exertions to obtain a collegiate education. He was prepared for college under 
the instruction of Dea. Elizur Wright (Y. C. 1781), and in 1824 entered Yale Col- 
lege, from which he graduated in 1828. After teaching the academy at Sharon one 
year, he entered the Divinity School of Yale College, where he graduated in 1832. 
He was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in Stratford, Ct., Sept. 5, 
1832 ; resigned May 16, 1839 ; and May 29, was installed at Deep River, Ct., where 
he remained till Oct. 1, 1850. He then removed to South Glastonbury, Ct., where 
he was pastor from Oct. 24, 1850, to Oct. 29, 1854, In these three places he filled 
the pastoral office twenty-two years, aiding during this time a number of young men 
to fit for college, hearing them recite without charge. In these years between five 
and six hundred pupils shared his instructions, over thirty of whom entered the 
learned professions. In 1854 he removed to Ellington, Ct., and was principal of its 
hio'h school till 1863, for four and a half years (1856-61) of this time supplying the 
church at West Stafford, Ct., and subsequently that of Bolton, Ct., to which town 
he removed, residing there till 1864. From 1864 to 1866 he had charge of the church 
at East Hampton, Ct., and from 1866 to 1871 that of Prospect, Ct., which was his 
last ministerial charge, he having been actively engaged in the ministry for nearly 
forty years. In 1871 he removed to Rocky Hill, Ct., where he devoted himself to 
genealogical studies, for which he always had a great taste. He published the 
genealogies of six families, namely: Chapman (1854), Pratt (1864), Trowbridge 
(1872), Buckingham (1872), Coit (1874), and Bulkeley (1875), besides leaving in 
different stages of preparation the Griswold, Robbins, Bushnell, Post and Hooker 
genealogies, also collections concerning other families. Mr, Chapman was decided 
in his convictions, frank and fearless in the expression of his religious sympathies, 
a faithful and successful pastor and teacher, a true friend and a cheerful and consist- 
ent Christian. He married May 6, 1833, Emily Hill, daughter of Henry and Emily 
Hill of Westbrook, Conn., she being also a descendant, in the direct line, of Robert 
Chapman; she died March 30, 1854. By her he had throe children: 1. Frederick 
William^ Jr., born May 21, 1838, at Stratford, Conn.; married July 16, 1861, Sarah 
Cook, eldest daughter of Alvin and Hannah Spencer of Deep River ; he died Sept. 
17, 1805, leaving one child, Emily Williams, born Feb, 26, 18()5, at Deep River. 2. 
Mary Emily, born Aug. 12, 1840, at Deep River ; married July 15, 1868, Isaac Rob- 
inson of Atlanta, Ga. ; died Oct. 2, 1868, at Atlanta. 3. Henry Abisha, the writer 
of the sketch of which this is an abstract, born Sept. 1, 1845, at Deep River, Conn.; 
married Nov. 4, 1867, Victorine Annette, second daughter of Alvin and Hannah 
Spencer of Deep River ; resides at 12 Canton Street, Hartford, Ct., where he may 
be addressed on the subject of his father's manuscripts. 

Mr. Chapman married secondly, Nov. 7, 1855, Mrs. Caroline Crooks, widow of 
John Crooks of East Longmeadow, ^Mass., and daughter of Samuel and Hannah 
Strickland of Ellington, Conn., who survives him. 

He became a member of this society June 5, 1858, and was vice-president for the 
state of Connecticut from Jan. 1859 to Jan. 1865. 

The Hon. Charles Wentwoktii Upham, A.M., a corresponding member, was 
born in St. John, N. B., May 4, 1802 ; died in Salem, Mass., June 15, 1875, aged 



1877.] Necrology of Historic^ Genealogical Society, 125 

73 years 1 month 11 days. He was a son of the Hon. Joshua' and Mary (Chandler) 
Upham, and a descendant of Joh'n} Upham of Maiden (a genealogy of whose descend- 
ants is printed in the Register, xxiii. 33-38, 130-135), through Phinehas,^ w. Ruth 
Wood ; Phinehas,^ w. Mary Mellins ; Phinehas,'^ w. Tamzen Hill ; Jabez,^ w. 
Kathron ; and Joshua,^ above, his father. 

The earliest years of Mr. Upham were passed in the extreme outsettlements of the 
province of New Brunswick. At about eight years of age he was placed in the 
Latin School at St. John. When between ten and twelve years of age he went 
into an apothecary's shop, and then on a farm in Nova Scotia, in the valley of 
Annapolis. On the 14th of June, 1816, he left that country for Boston, where he 
arrived on the 27th of June. Under the tuition of Dea. Samuel Greele he fitted for 
Harvard College, which he entered in 1817, taking his first degree in 1821. After 
spending the usual time in preparatory studies at the Cambridge Theological School, 
he was ordained as colleague pastor to the Rev. John Prince, LL.D., over the First 
Church in Salem, Mass., Dec. 8, 1824. On the 8th of December, 1844, he resigned 
the pastoral office in consequence of a severe bronchial afi'ection. Mr. Upham mar- 
ried, March 24, 1826, Ann Susan, daughter of the Rev. Abiel Holmes, D.D., of 
Cambridge, and sister of Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

During the ministry of Mr. Upham, in Salem, he published a variety of discourses 
and tracts on theological and historical subjects. His historical addresses at the 
dedication of a new meeting-house for the " First Church in Salem," in 1826, and 
at the completion of its second century in 1829, were the result of much research. 
In 1828 he published a theological work entitled " Letters on the Logos." In 1832, 
a volume entitled " Lectures on Witchcraft " was published, which reached a second 
edition, and in 1835 a " Life of Sir Henry Vane." Omitting a recital of his pub- 
lished writings from 1835 to 1867, and referring our readers to the " Cyclopsedia of 
American Literature" for details which our space will not allow, we mention that 
in 1867 appeared, in two volumes, " Salem Witchcraft ; with an account of Salem 
Village, and a History of Opinions on Witchcraft and Kindred Subjects " {ante 
xxii. 102). It was followed by " Address on the Re-Dedication of the First 
Church in Salem, 1868 " ; " Memoir of Francis Peabody, 1869 " ; " Salem Witch- 
craft and Cotton Mather; A Reply, 1870." In 1873, he completed the "Life of 
Timothy Pickering," begun by Octavius Pickering, by the issue of three addi- 
tional volumes {ante xxiii. 486 ; xxviii. 352). 

In 1852, Mr. Upham was elected mayor of Salem. During his administration he 
introduced a more efficient system of Police. He also secured the requisite appro- 
priations and arrangements for the establishment of a State Normal School in that 
city. He was a member of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts in 1849, 
1859 and 1860, and of the Senate in 1850, 1857 and 1858. Of the Senate he was 
unanimously chosen president the two last named years. His efforts iq the Legisla- 
ture were chiefly directed to the interests of education, and to the improvement of 
the statute law of the Commonwealth. He was a member of the Massachusetts 
Constitutional Convention in 1853. 

In the Thirty-third Congress of the United States, Mr. Upham represented the 
Sixth District of Massachusetts, from 1853 to 1855. As chairman of a select com- 
mittee on the Smithsonian Institution, he advocated, in an elaborate report, the 
policy of making it the foundation of a library, on a scale to which its means are 
fully adequate, worthy of a nation already acknowledged as a first-rate power in the 
world, and whose strength and glory are in the diffusion of universal knowledge 
among all its people. Mr. Upham 's political life was distinguished by the utmost 
fidelity to those interests of his constituents, whether public or private, for which 
they had any claim on his attention. His course, moreover, was marked by several 
important services of a more general nature, and some of national bearing and 
utility. 

He was admitted a member of this society Feb. 4, 1847. 

Joseph Bradley Varntm, A.M., a corresponding member, admitted Feb. 24, 
18.58, was born in Washington, D. C, April 4, 1818, and died at Astoria, Long Isl- 
and, Dec. 31, 1874. He was a direct descendant of Samuel Varnum, who came 
from England in 1650, and settled in Essex County, Massachusetts. His father, 
James Mitchell Varnum, was a son of Gen. Joseph Bradley Varnum, of whom a 
sketch is printed in the Register, xxvii. 260, and whose ancestry is given in Updike's 
Memoirs of the Rhode Island Bar, p. 145, and in the Register, v. 79-81. 

He graduated at Yale College in 1838, and studied law in the ofl&ce of Chief Jus- 



126 N^ecrology oj Historic, Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

tice Taney, at Baltimore, where he was admitted to the bar and practised for several 
years, lie then removed to New York, where lie practised law until his death. In 
1843, he married Susan M. (jraham, daui^hter of Nathan B. Graham, E«q., of New 
York. He soon became prominent in professional, social and artistic circles, and 
also took an active part in politics. lie was elected to the New York Legislature in 
1850, 1851 and 1857, and was a candidate for Congress in 1852 and 1857. In 1858 he 
was again nominated for Congress, but for personal reasons declined to be a candi- 
date, although his election would iiave been certain. From 1857 to 1871 he took but 
little active part in politics, although in 18G8 he was elected Alderman, and for ten 
years officiated as one of the City Fathers. In 1871, he was prominent in the move- 
ment for the overthrow of the Tweed King, was a leading member of the Committee 
of Seventy and of the Council of Political Reform, and devoted much time and labor 
to secure the success of the movement. He was also one of the original members of 
the Century and Uni(m League Clubs, and an influential member of other literary 
and scientific organizations. His first wife died in 1857, leaving one child, and in 
18G3 Mr. Varnum married Helen M. Taylor, daughter of Robert L. Taylor, then a 
merchant of New York ; she died in 1873, leaving four children. Mr. Varnum was 
a lari^e property owner in Washington, D. C, and was always an active and efficient 
friend of the I)istrict of Columbia, and contributed largely towards beautifying the 
city by erecting large and beautiful buildings upon his lands there. He was the author 
of two books relating to Washington, viz. : " The Seat of Government of the United 
States " and the " VVashington Sketch Book " ; he also was a frequent contributor 
to the newspapers and magazines upon all subjects. He was a ready and forcible 
speaker, not so much eloquent as argumentative and convincing. 

Mr. Varnum left five children surviving him : — James M. (who furnished the sketch 
of which this is an abstract), b. June 29, 1848, graduated at Yale College 1868, and 
is now practising law in New York ; Susan Graham, b. Jan. 2fi, 1864 ; Robert 
lyler, b. Feb. 10, 1865 ; Helen Louise, b. Oct. 1866 ; Amy Lcno.r, b. 1871. 

The Rev. "William Buell Sprague, D.D., of Albany, N. Y., a corresponding 
member, admitted Oct. 25, 1847, was the son of Benjamin and Sybil (Buell) Sprague, 
and was born at Andover, Conn., Oct. 16, 1795. He died at Flushing, L. I., May 7, 
1876, aged 80. 

His grandfather was John Sprague, who married Susannah Hodges, of Taunton, 
and who removed from Lebanon to Andover, Conn. The family is descended from 
Francis Sprague, an early settler of Duxbury. (See Soule's " Memorial of the 
Spragues," p. 40, and Winsor's " History of Duxbury," p. 317.) His mother was 
the daughter of Dea. Benjamin Buell, of Andover, who was a native of Killing- 
worth, born April 4, 1722. She died May 26, 1828. The father of Dr. Sprague 
died Jan. 31, 1837. 

Dr. Sprague was fitted for college at Colchester Academy, by Dr. Abiel Abbot, 
of Coventry. He graduated at Yale College in 1815, and for nearly a year thereafter 
was a private tutor in the family of Major Lawrence Lewis, a nephew of Gen. 
Washington, who resided on a part of the original Mount Vernon ])lantation. He 
entered the Theological Seminary at Princeton in the autumn of 1816, and remained 
till the spring of 1819. In 1819, he removed to West Springfield, Mass., and Aug. 
25 was settled as colleague pastor with the Rev. Joseph Lathrop, D.D., over the 
first Congregational church, where he remained ten years. 

Dr. Sprague removed to Albany, N. Y., and on Aug. 26, 1820, Avas installed pas- 
tor of the second Presbyterian church in that city, from whence his fame as a scholar 
and popular writer has spread in our own and other lands. His long list of writings 
commences with an Installation sermon in 1820. In 1822, he i)ublished a volume of 
" Letters to a Daughter," which bein^ issued anonymously, was soon after pub- 
lished in Great Britain, and then re-punlished in America as au English book. In 
1828 he visited Europe, and again in 1836. During his visit in 182S, his '* IjCtters 
from Europe " were ])ublished. The productions of his pen, however, are so numer- 
ous that, for want of space, we refer those interested to the " Cych)paedia of Ameri- 
can Literature," vol. i. p. 707, and AUibone's " Dictionary of Authors," vol. ii. p. 
2211. The fondness of Dr. Si)rague for biograi)hioal study is well known, and is 
illustrated by his collection of autographs, said to be one of the largest, if not the 
largest, in the country. His " Annals of the American ruli)it," a collection of 
biographies of leading clergymen of all the priuei|)al denominations, of which nine"^ 

* Vol. i. niul ii, Clongrogational ; iii. and iv. rrcsbytorinn ; v. Kpisro]):!! ; vi. Baptist; vii. 
Meihoclist; viii. Unitarian; ix. United I'resbytcrian, Lutheran, and Diitcli Krforniod. 



1877.] N^ecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 127 

volumes were published between the years 1857 and 1869, is a remarkable and valu- 
able contribution to American biography. The degree of D.D. was conferred upon 
him by Columbia College in 1828, and by Harvard College in 1848 ; and that of 
LL.D. by New Jersey in 1869. 

Charles Campbell, Esq., a corresponding member, was born in Petersburg, 
Virginia, May 1, 1807, and died July 11, 1876, aged 69 years. He was the son of 
John Wilson, and Mildred Walker (Moore) Campbell. His father, the author of a 
" History of Virginia," published in 1813, was a native of Rockbridge Co., Va., 
and was descended from the " Scotch-Irish," distinguished in the " Valley of Vir- 
ginia " for their patriotism and sterling worth. His mother was the granddaughter 
of Anne Katherine (daughter of Alexander Spotswood) and Bernard Moore, of 
Chelsea, King William Co., Va. Mrs. Campbell still survives, at the ripe age 
of ninety-one years, and resides with her son, Alexander S., near Warrenton, Va. 

The early education of Mr. Campbell was entrusted for about five years to Peter 
Cooke, a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin. At the age of sixteen he entered the 
Sophomore class of New Jersey College, from whence he graduated with the first 
honors in 1825. He next attended the law school of Chancellor Henry St. George 
Tucker, at Winchester, Va. ; was duly licensed, and entered upon the practice of 
the profession in his native city. His legal career was interrupted by sickness in 
1829-30, and permanently abandoned. His health somewhat improving, he was 
employed for a time as an engineer upon the Petersburg railroad, then being con- 
structed. 

Mr. Campbell was twice married : first, to Elvira N. Callaway, of Toqua, Monroe 
Co., East Tennessee, Sept. 13, 1836. She died Aug. 8, 1837, leaving one child, 
Callaway, born July, 1837, now residing in Murray Co., Tenn., a farmer, and un- 
married ; second, to Anna Burdsall, of Kahway, N. J., Sept. 4, 1850, by whom he 
had four children : three, Mary, Nanny and Charles, with his widow, survive him, 
and live in Fredericksburg, Va. 

From 1837, Mr. Campbell was employed in the office of his father, who was Collector 
of Customs in Fredericksburg. He conducted a select classical school from about the 
year 1842 to 1855, when he became the principal of the Anderson Seminary, of 
Petersburg, which position he held until the inauguration of the present free-school 
system of the State. As an educator of the young, Mr. Campbell was in the highest 
degree successful. Loving learning he was a devoted student. His numerous pupils, 
who hold in grateful esteem and respect his exalted qualities of heart and mind, 
nobly vindicate the measure of his goodness and usefulness. 

But however honorable his career as a teacher, Mr. Campbell is better known and 
appreciated as an author, and historian of his native state. He was an early mem- 
ber of the old " Historical and Philosophical Society of Virginia " ; and its Register 
was enriched with cheerful ofierings from his pen. To the " Southern Literary 
Messenger " he made contributions of antiquarian and historic interest and value, 
from its commencement in 1834 to its termination in 1864. 

His works published in book form, are : 

1. The Bland Papers, Edited, with notes and an introduction. 

2. Introduction to the History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia. 
8vo. 1847. 

3. A Brief Introduction to a Reprint of Beverley's History of Virginia. 8vo. 
1855. 

4. History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia, from its First Set- 
tlement to the Peace of 1783. 8vo. 1860. 

5. The Orderly Book of General Andrew Lewis. 1860. 

6. Material for a Brief Memoir of John Daly Burk, author of a History of Vir- 
ginia. 8vo. 1868. 

7. Genealogy of the Spotswood Family in Scotland and Virginia. 8vo. 1868. 
Mr. Campbell also left in manuscript a Diary of the late war ; articles designed 

for magazine publication ; and letters and autographs of distinguished men, who 
were numbered among his appreciative correspondents and friends. 

Though his life had been marked by evidences of Christian faith, it was not until 
the year 1859 that he openly professed his trust in Jesus, as his Saviour, by uniting 
] with the Tabb-street Presbyterian church of his native city. His remains were 
deposited in the Old Blandford Cemetery, near Petersburg, July 12, 1876. 

He was admitted a member Oct. 6, 1860. In the Richmond Dispatch for Sept. 
/,and Potter's American Monthly for December, 1876, will be found memoirs of 



128 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

Mr. Campbell l)y R, A. Brock, of Richmond, Va., from which, and an autobio- 
grapliical manuscript in the archivcH of this society, the i^resent sketch has been 
prepared. 

Prepared by Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston. 

The Hon. Thomas Hicks Wynne, a corresponding member, admitted Oct. 6, 1860, 
died in Richmond, Virginia, on Wednesday, the 24th of February, 1875, in the 
fifty-t^ixth year of his age. lie was the sixth child of Williamson and Agnes Mar- 
garet (Hardy) Wynne, of Richmond, where he was born on the 22d of January, 
1820. On his father's side he was descended from an old Virginia family; on the 
maternal side, from a well-known family, the llardys, of North Carolina. 

In 1833, when he was in his thirteenth year, his father died, leaving his family in 
straitened circumstances, and mainly dependent .upon this son for their support. 
At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed to a firm of iron-founders and machin- 
ists in Richmond, with whom he remained until he reached his majority. 

During these years of apprenticeship and hard toil he devoted much of his leisure 
to study and reading. It is said, that not infrequently he ate his dinner with a book 
in his hand. By his exemplary conduct and application to business, he acquired the 
reputation of being a young man of more than ordinary industry, fidelity and ability. 
He displayed such mechanical skill, joined to the qualities already named, that he 
was selected, soon after he completed his apprenticeship, for superintendent of a 
large establishment in Richmond engaged in manufacturing machinery. Here he 
remained till the year 1859. 

Such was his manifest ability and practical capacit^^ that he was soon called to 
other positions of trust and responsibility. He held the office of superintendent of 
the city gas-works, and then the joint ofBces of president and superintendent of the 
Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, for several years. He was also president of the 
Westham Iron Works, treasurer of the Southern Telegraph Company, and superin- 
tendent of the southern division of the Pullman Palace Car Company. 

Colonel Wynne served repeatedly as a member of the city Council, and was actively 
interested in promoting useful local improvements. He was never a politician, and 
not an office-seeker, but he was frequently elected to the lower branch of the 
legislature, between the years 1861 and 1872. In the latter year he was chosen to a 
seat in the state senate, and held this office at the time of his death. 

Amid all these urgent and wearisome duties, he found time to prosecute his favorite 
studies and avocations. He was a frequent contributor to the Southern Literary 
Messenger in its most prosperous dajs ; an active member of the Virginia Literary 
and Philosophical Society, and for some years before his death had been the Cor- 
responding Secretary and Librarian of the Virginia Historical Society, — to whose 
revival after the war he successfully devoted much time, labor, and money. He 
became thoroughly acquainted with the history of his native state, and of the 
contiguous states, and of their ancient families. Upon these subjects he has for 
many years past been recognized as a high authority. Colonel Wynne was a fre- 
quent contributor to the daily press. 

Among his contributions to historical literature was his History of ^lason and 
Dixon's Line, which appeared in 1859. He also printed in book-form, at his own 
cost, a series of volumes known as " Wynne's Historical Documents, from the Old 
Dominion," consisting of the Williamsburg Orderly Book, the Westover Manu- 
scripts, a memorial of the Boiling Family, illustrated, and the V^estry Book of Hen- 
rico Parish, with an account of St. John Church (Richmond). He contributed to 
the literature of North Carolina "The Narrative of Colonel David Fauning," and 
*' Historical Documents relating to the old North State." 

He cmj)loyed the photographic art to reproduce and preserve likenesses of objects 
of historical or antiquarian interest, and distributed copies of these pictures among 
the public societies. 

As chairman of the library committee of the State legislature. Colonel Wynne 
was largely instrumental in devising means for enlarging and enriching the State 
library, and for restoring, as far as possible, other ancient papers and valuable di)cu- 
ments which had been carried aAvay without authority, or stolen during the war or 
after its close. He had also succeeded in inducing the legislature to begin the pub- 
lication of some of the most important papers in its archives. 

In testimony of his attainments and of his labors in the field of historical investi- 
gation, Colonel Wynne received an election to membershi]) in several historical, 
antiquarian, and uumismatical societies of the United States. To these he contribu- 



1877.] Booh JSTotices. 129 

ted generously. To this Society he made frequent and valuable donations of books 
and pamphlets ; and in his correspondence with some of our members often ex- 
pressed his lively appreciation of the aid and encoura2;ement he had received in 
his efforts to revive and establish the Historical Society of Vir<5inia, and to promote 
its objects. 

In his last Will, executed but a short time before his death, he manifested his 
regard for this, and for the American Antiquarian Society, as well as for that of 
Virginia, by inserting a provision authorizing each of the societies named to select 
from his rich collection of books and pamphlets such as they might desire. 

His labors came to an end while the master-worker had his hand j^et upon them. 
His plans must be carried out by others, if they shall ever come to fruition. His 
example, at least, will abide, — that of one who, without the advantages obtainable 
by wealth or family influence, and without the benefits of thorough mental training 
in early life, nevertheless by energy, integrity, fidelity, and self-culture, won his 
way to the affectionate regard of all who knew him, and to the highest confidence of 
the public. Antiqua homo virtule acfide. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



A Critical Dictionary of English Literature, and British and American Authors^ 
Living and Deceased, from the Earliest Accounts to the Middle of the Nineteenth 
Century. Containing over Forty-Six Thousand Articles {Authors) , with Forty 
Indexes of Subjects. By S. Austin Alliijone. [Motto.] Philadelphia : J. B. 
Lippincott & Co. 1874. [Three vols. Royal 8vo. pp. 3140.] 

We trust it is not too late to notice the great bibliographical work of Mr. Alli- 
bone, although it is now five j'ears since the last volume was given to the public, 
the first one having been published in 1858. 

This Dictionary of English Literature, as it is very properly called, embraces 
more than would ordinarily be included in a work of its kind, and may be said to 
cover three distinct fields : I. Biographical sketches of British and ximcrican au- 
thors, literary, scientific, legal and medical. H. Bibliography of their works. 
III. Criticisms. In each of these departments the dictionary is more complete than 
any similar work in the English language. It is true that we have histories and 
cyclopedias of English literature, bat these have notices of but a very small propor- 
tion of authors, the fullest containing but eight hundred and fifty out of more than 
thirty thousand. The biographies of literary men are still more deficient, for if we 
take our largest biographical dictionaries we find that only those writers are noticed 
who are well known, or have made their mark in the world. Mr. AUibone notices 
all British and American authors, devoting much space to those holding the highest 
rank, but less to those not distinguished. Hence of such men as Hume, Gibbon, 
Burke, Hallam, Brougham, Scott, Macaulay, Prescott and Irving, we have extend- 
ed critical essays on their works, more elaborate, indeed, than are to be found in 
any other books. The critical essays that usually accompany the memoirs of lite- 
rary men are but the opinions of one writer. Thus Moore has told us of Byron ; 
Prior, of Burke ; Lockhart, of Scott ; Ticknor, of Prescott ; Foster, of Dickens ; and 
Trevelyan, of Macaulay ; but in these memoirs and criticisms we have but the opin- 
ions of their several biographers. Mr. AUibone gives us, in the first place, a brief 
biography of his subject sufiicient to trace his history. This is generally as full as 
is given in biographical dictionaries. Then, in the criticisms on their writings, we 
have not only the opinion of Mr. AUibone, but opinions of a large number of essay- 
ists and critics well known in the literary world ; the opinions of reviewers, lecturers, 
&c. Let us, for example, look at the notice of Edmund Burke. Upon his writings 
we have the opinions of Dr. Johnson, Arthur Murphy, Prior, Lord Jeffrey, Prof. 
Smith, Dugald Stewart, William Pitt, Charles James Fox, Sheridan, Grattan, Robert 
Hall, Mackintosh, Lord Macaulay, Lord Brougham, &c. Dr. Johnson, a man of 
more varied learning, is handled in a different manner. First he is examined as a 
poet, second as an essayist, third as a lexicographer, fourth as a critic, fifth on his 
style of composition, sixth on his appearance, manners and conversation, while in 
the seventh we have an analysis of his moral and religious character. Under these 
several heads the great doctor is critically examined by various writers. This is a, 

VOL. XXXI. 12 



130 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

very readable article, and fills eleven pathos of the dictionary, equal to forty-four 
octavo pa<;e.s like Bancroft's or Prescott's histories. Tlie article on Sir Walter Scott 
tills sixteen pages, and includes notices ol" his writings by Edward Everett, who knew 
him personally; byLockhart, Sir James Mackintosi), Hazlitt, William Howitt, Lady 
Jilessingtun, Alison, Sir F. Palgrave, Lord John Kussell, Thackeray, Carlyle and 
Gladstone. The biographical sketch is very full. This is followed by a list of Sir 
AValter's publications; after which he is examined as a poet, a novelist, for the 
character and influence of his writings, and lastly he is examined as a man. So 
complete an analysis of the character and writings of the great novelist has never 
before appeared. 

The notice of John Milton and his writings is even more full than that of Scott, 
and tills no less than twenty-eight pages. First, we have a list of the editions of his 
works, with notices of his biographers and commentators. This is followed by criti- 
cal opinions. Then he is criticized as a poet, a prose writer and a politician. 
Among Milton's biographers and commentators we find the names of Pope, John- 
son, Addison, Dryden, Cowper, Southey, Hume, Scott, Hallam, Campbell, Cole- 
ridge, Robert IJall, ?3rougham, JMackintosh, Landor, Macaulay, Schlegel, Tegner, 
Kacine, Chateaubriand, Channing, Prescott, Everett, and more than twenty others 
famous in literature. Surely from such an array of critics, the opinions of whom 
are given at length, one ought to get a pretty correct estimate of one of England's 
greatest writers. 

Of other names distinguished in literature, of which there are full notices, we find 
those of Pope, Bunyan, Robertson, Swift, Tom Moore; Isaac Walton, of whose 
Angler thirty-eight editions are mentioned ; Sir Philip Sidney, Horace VValpole, 
Charles Lamb, Byron, John Taylor the water-poet and his 130 works ; Tennyson, 
Wordswoith, Theodore Parker, Ticknor, Henry Wheaton, Longfellow, Lowell, 
Judge Story, Moses Stuart and Charles Sumner. 

But full as are the notices of Milton, Scott and others, all fail short of the elabo- 
rate notice of Shakspeare, the longest and most remarkable in the work, filling no 
less than forty-nine pages, and equal to two hundred pages of Prescott and Ban- 
croft's histories, or of Ticknor's Spanish Literature. 

Mr. AUibone, as he had a right to do, has availed himself of the labors of his pre- 
decessors, Lowndes, Wilson, Halliwell and Bohn, in Shakspearian literature, to 
which he has made large additions, thereby making a bibliography which in arrange- 
ment and fulness surpasses them all. 

He notices — L Editions of Shakspeare's works. 2. Critical opinions on Shak- 
speare 's w^orks. 3. Shaksperiana. The editions of Shakspeare's pla3's and poems, in 
English, mentioned, number 160; French translations, 13; German translations, 27 
— one of these, Schlegel's, having passed through eight editions. The translations in 
Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese are less in number. Of all these full titles are 
given. The criticisms are all from eminent writers, English and foreign. The 
Shakspeariana is a most interesting department, presenting the titles of 954 pieces. 
The article closes with an index to the editors, commentators and translators men- 
tioned in the article. This is printed in four columns, and is most useful for refer- 
ence. This alphabetical index exhibits a brilliant succession of great names, — the 
men who have distinguished themselves in almost every department of knowledge, 
and who, however diverse their pursuits and tastes, unite in paying willing tribute 
to the illustrious intellect which has transcended them all. 

The forty index(\s to the dictionary comprise a classification of the subjects of the 
books noticed ; and then, under each subject, are the names of authors who have 
written upon it. On looking over these lists, we find 4189 writers on history. On 
biography and correspondence are 4590 names ; on divinity, 12,829 ; on education, 
3119 ; poetry, 5194 ; voyages and travels, 3360 ; medicine, 3805 ; fiction, 2257 ; fine 
arts, 1312. If a student, therefore, is desirous to find the various writers on botany, 
geology, or any other subject, the index will show him their names. He has then 
but to turn to their names in the dictionary, where he will find the title of the books 
sought for. By the recapitulation it appears that the total number of names in the 
index is 75,158. Of authors, 40,499. 

We liave said that Mr. Allibone's dictionary is the mo.st complete work of its kind 
in the English language. We are now prepared to go farther, by saying that in no 
language is there so complete a bibliographical work. At the present time the two 
leading bibliographical works are Brunet's Manitcl du Librairc, 5th edition, in six 
royrJ octavos, printed at Paris, 1800-1805 ; and Gra3s.sc's Tresor dc livrcs Rare et 
precicux, in eight quartos, Dresden, 1858, 18 — . But these two works, excellent 
and useful as they are, embrace only the best books in all languages. They are be- 



1877.] Booh JVotices. 131 

sides without biographical sketches or critical notices. The works on English 
bibliography now most referred to are Lowndes's Manual, in six daodeciinos, and 
Watt's Bibliothcca Briiannica, in four stout quartos — a work of wonderful labor. 
The latter is the only book which in its scope can at ail compare with the work of 
Mr. AUibone, although it is in every sense its inferior. 
Communicated by the Hon. John R. Bartlett. 

The Richardson Memorial, comprising a Full History and Genealogy of the Posterity 
of the Three Brothers, JEzekiel, Samuel and Thomas Richardson, who came from 
England and united with others in the Foundation of Woburn, Massachusetts, in 
the year 1641 ; of John Richardson of Medfield, 1679 ; of Amos Richardson of 
Boston, 1640; of Edward and William Richardson of JSewbury, 1643; ivith 
Notices of Richardsons in England and Elsewhere. [Motto.] By John Adajis 
Vinton, Author of the Vinton Memorial [&c. &c.]. Portland, Me. : Printed for 
the Subscribers by Brown, Thurston & Co. 1876. [8vo. pp. xv.-}-944. Price, $5 
a copy in cloth, or $6 in half turkey morocco binding.] 

Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family in England and 
America. By Levi Bartlett of Warner, N. 11. 1875-6. Lawrence: Geo. S. 
Merrill & Crocker, Printers. 1876. [8vo. pp. 114.] 

History of the Welles Family in England and Normandy, with the Derivation from 
their Progenitors of some of the Descendants in the United States. Illustrated with 
steel-plate Portraits and plates of Coats- Armorial, and seals of the Bishops Hugo 

and Jocelyn de Welles. By Albert Welles New York : Albert Welles, 

67 University Place. 1876. [8vo. pp. 312.] 

The Lapham Family Register, or Records of Some of the Descendants of Thomas 

Lapham of Scituate, Mass. in 1635. By William B. Lapham, M.D 

Augusta : Sprague, Owen & Nash, Printers. 1873. [8vo. pp. 31, with a blank 
" Family Register " appended.] 

Printed for Private Distribution. Family Records of Some of the Descendants of 
Thomas Besbedge (Bisbee^ of Scituate, Mass., in 1634. Compiled by William B. 

Lapham, M.D Augusta, Me. : Press of lloman & Badger. 1876. [8vo. 

pp. 48.] 

History and Records of the Kidder Family , 1876. Chicago : Culver, Page, Hoyne & 
Co., Printers. 1876. [8vo. pp. 32.] 

The Rev. Mr. Vinton has no superior as a compiler of genealogies. He has pro- 
duced many valuable books in this line, but the work before us, the " Richardson 
Memorial," surpasses them all in our opinion. His first published genealogy was 
the " Vinton Memorial," issued in 1858, which was followed in 1864 by the " Giles 
Memorial;" in 1873, by the " Symmes Memorial ;" and, in 1874, by the " Upton 
Memorial." Reprints of portions of these works under different titles have also 
been issued. Mr Vinton's books have been so frequently noticed in the Register 
that it will be sufficient to refer to the several notices (ante xii. 227; xviii. 316; 
xxviii. 104, 228) for his peculiar merits, all of which are reproduced in the work 
under review. The author informs us that it is more than twenty years since he 
began to collect materials for the Richardson genealogy. In fact a portion of such 
collections was printed, eighteen years ago, with his " Vinton Memorial." For 
the last three years the preparation of this book has been his chief employment. 
The volume is beautifully printed, and is adorned with sixteen portraits on steel of 
prominent members of the various families. It may give an idea of the bulk of the 
book and the immense labor bestowed upon it to state that it makes nearly a thou- 
sand pages and contains the names of upwards of 9000 Richardsons, with nearly as 
many more bearing other names. The edition is comparatively small, only 600 
being printed, most of which are engaged ; so that those who intend to ov^n it will 
do well to secure it while there is a chance. It can be purchased of Albert L. 
Richardson, postmaster. East Woburn, Mass. ; Roswell M. Richardson, Portland, 
Maine; or the author, Rev. John A. Vinton, Winchester, Mass. When sent by 
mail, 30 cts. for postage is added to the price. 

The Bartlett genealogy, by the Hon. Levi Bartlett, the second of the books, whose 
titles head this article, gives the first three generations of the descendants of John 
and Richard Bartlett, brothers, who settled in Newbury about 1635. This is fol- 
lowed by biographical sketches and genealogical items concerning many later de- 
scendants of the latter, and also concerning other Bartletts in America. Prefixed is 
a tabular pedigree, giving the ancestry of Col. W^alter B. Barttelot, M.P., of Stop- 
ham, Sussex, fi^)r twenty generations, beginning with Adam B. who died in 1100, 
furnished, by Col. Barttelot, to the author. In this pedigree we find an Edmund B. 



132 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

of Eiirnley, Sussex, ^vllO died in 1591, and Iiad four sons, three of whom, John, 
Riclmrd and Thomas strm to liavc rennn'od from Earnley. Tlie author thinks these 
were John and Uichaid of Newbury, and ThomaP, an early settler of Watcrtown. 
John of Earnley <lisj)osed of Ihb property there in 1G34, the year in which John of 
Newl)ury came to New Enghmd. Col. Barttelot thinks the Earnley brothers may 
have emigrated to America. Gxtractw from the correspondence of that gentleman 
with the author are given. NVe hope that researches will be continued till all 
doubt on the subject is removed. 

Mr. Welles tlie author of the third book is president of the " American College 
of Heraldry and (jJenealogical llegistry of New York," an institution which makes 
a business of investigating and recording i)edigrees in that city. The book is gotten 
up in a ver}' handsome manner, and is embellished with steel-portraits of distin- 
guished men l)earing the name, besides other elegant illustrations. It is not con- 
fined to any one family oithtn- in England or America, but the different families are 
given with more or less fulness. 

Dr. Lapliam, of Augusta, Me., the author of the two next genealogies, the Lap- 
ham and the Bisbec (or Bc'sbedge) families, is secretary of the Maine Genealogical 
and Biographical Society, and the editor of its periodical the " Maine Genealogist 
and Biographer" (ante xxx. 137, 487). lie is a thorough investigator and a careful 
comj^iler. to which his books bear witness. 

The Kidder genealogy was published last summer by Samuel T. Kidder, then of 
Beloit, Wis., now of Andover, Mass. It is a reprint of the genealogy ol this family, 
by Frederic Kidder, published in 1853, in his History of New Ipswich, N. 11., with 
a continuation giving the descendants of Samuel and Sara (Corbin) Kidder, mainly 
in the line of his son Nathaniel of Wardsboro', Vt. Materials for such a work 
were collected by the compiler's father, the late Rev. Corbin Kidder, of Poplar Grove, 
111., and his manuscripts have been used in preparing this pamphlet. 

J. W. Dean. 

Memoranda concerning Edward H lialley and William Goffe. By Franklin B. Dex- 
ter. From the Papers of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, Vol. II. 
New Haven : Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, Printers. 1876. [Pamphlet, Svo. pp. 
32.] 

This pamphlet gives a concise account of the lives of two of the most unfortunate 
of the judges, or commissioners, who condemned Charles I. to death. It is mainly 
occupied with the narrative of their romantic exile in America, in Avhich respect it is 
the most accurate statement that we have seen in print. The author has also brought 
forward several facts which seem to have escaped the notice of all who have pre- 
viously written upon the subject. 

We observe that the author inclines to put faith in the tradition, now become a 
part of the history of the time and place, as to the mysterious interposition of Goffeand 
his equally mysterious disappearance on the occasion of an alleged Indian " attack " 
on Hadley, Sept. 1, 1G75. Even if there was an "attack" as the venerable tra- 
dition describes, it seems utterly incredible that in so small a settlement such an 
occurrence could have taken place in broad daylight without the " mysterious stran- 
ger " being followed and traced to his hiding-place by women and children, or by 
other noncombatants. So that, if we concede that there was an "attack," it does 
not follow that we must accept the mysterious " disappearance " as veritable history. 
But it should seem that it has been sufficiently demonstrated that there was no 
"attack" on the day named, as has been alleged on the strength of the tradition. 
(Register, ante xxviii. 379-391.) Mather says there was an " alarm ;" and it is 
out of this "alarm" that the "attack" has grown to its present magnificent 
proportions. 

Still, it is to be considered that there is almost always some basis of truth for tra- 
ditions of this kind ; and it may yet turn out that there was an occasion about 
the time named when Q^AYa did thus imprudently appear in piil)lic, and [)ut himself 
and his friends in jeoj)ardy. The whole history of Whalley and Gotfe in America 
has not yet been jjublished. A. II. Hovt. 

Whitmore Tracts. A Collection of Essays on Matters of Interest to Persons hearing 
the Name. By William H. Wiiitmore, F.R.H.S. Boston : David Clajip k Son, 
5f)4 Washington St. 1875. [8vo. pp. 12-f-l-f 8+47-f 8.J 

This is a collection of five tracts, four of which are reprints of some of Mr. Whit- 
more's contributions to periodicals. Three of them are fnim the Herald and Genea- 
logist^ viz.: 1, Whitmores ol Wliitmoie, co. Stail'onl, Thurstantou, co. Chester, 



1877.] Booh Notices, 133 

and Claverley, co. Salop ; 2, Whitmores of Caunton, co Notts ; 3, The Roos Family 
of Laxton, CO. Notts. The other reprint is from the Register, viz., The Wilcox 
Family of Cambridf^e, Mass. It is No. 5 of the Tracts. No. 4 of the Tracts, which is 
new, is on the Whitmores of Madeley, co. Stafford. 

Mr. Whitmore's connection with the Register, as one of the editors for three 
years, as one of the publishing committee for many years, and as a contributor for 
a still longer period, has made our readers familiar with him as a writer, and as 
an indefatigable and successful investigator of genealogy. In these tracts he has 
collected a mass of valuable matter relating to the several families of Whitmore in 
England and their relatives. It will be highly prized by investigators in this 
field. 

The book has a heliot5''pe portrait of the author, which originally appeared in his 
" American Genealogist." The edition consists of forty-two copies. To twenty-five 
of them he has appended a sixth tract. Abstracts of Wills of Whitmores from 
English Records ; and he has also added to them his Notes on the Manor and Family 
of VVhitmore, a pamphlet printed in 1856. j. w. d. 

Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society^ 1875-6. Published at the charge 
of the Peabody Fund, [Seal.] Boston : Published by the Society. 1876. [Bvo. 
pp. 429.] 

Notes on a Recently Discovered Indenture relating to David Thomson of Piscataqua 
and Massachusetts Bay in New England. By Charles Deane. With a Copy of 
the Indenture. Cambridge: Press of John Wilson & Son. 1876. [8v^o. pp. 35.] 

Rules, Orders and Statutes of Harvard College, Instituted by the President and 
Council of New England, 23d July, 1686. Presented at a Meeting of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society in March, 1876 ; with Remarks by the Secretary. Cam- 
brids:e : Press of John Wilson & Son. 1876. [8vo. pp. 9.] 

Journal of the Rev. John Pike of Dover, N. H. Edited, with an Introduction and 
Notes, by the Rev. A. H. Quint, D.D. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society. Cambridge : Press of John Wilson & Son. 
1876. [8vo. pp. 40.] 

Judge Lowell and the Massachusetts Declaration of Rights, a Paper read before the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, April 16, 1874. By Charles Deane. Cambridge : 
Press of John Wilson & Son. 1874. [8vo. pp. 9.] 

Journal of a Tour to the Wliite Mountains in July, 1784. By Jeremy Belknap, 
D.D. Accompanied with a Map. Printed from the Original Manuscript, with a 
Prefatory Note by the Editor. Boston : Massachusetts Historical Society. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 21.] 

The volume of the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society whose title 
is given above, compares favorably with previous issues. At least four of its papers 
have been reprinted, namely, Mr. Frothingiiam's contribution on the Battle-Field 
of Bunker-Hill, noticed in the July Register {ante xxx. 270) ; and three of the 
pamphlets whose titles (2d, 3d and 4th) are copied above. The volume also con- 
tains valuable articles by Col. Joseph L. Chester on the Family of Major Andre ; the 
Rev. Dr. George E. Ellis on Gen. Burgoj'ne in Boston ; Charles C. Smith on the 
Manufacture of Gunpowder in America ; and the Rev. R. C. Waterston on The Old 
Elm on Boston Common. It contains a poem by Dr. 0. W. Holmes, '" Grand- 
mother's Story of Bunker-Hill; " several important historical documents, and a 
number of memoirs of deceased members of the society. 

The first of the above reprints, now to be noticed, is a recently discovered In- 
denture of David Thomson with Abraham Colmer, Nicholas Sherwill and Leonard 
Pomery of Plymouth, England, Dec. 14, 1622, which Dr. Deane has annotated, and 
which throws new light on the early history of New Hampshire. The document re- 
cites that Thomson had obtained, from the Council for New England, a grant of six 
thousand acres of land and one island lying on the coast of New England, and de- 
tails the terms upon which the other parties agree to assist Thomson in planting the 
same. A statement in the letter of Cotton Mather, March 3, 1708, printed in the 
Register for October, 1862, probably refers to this grant. " 1 forgott to tell you," 
he writes, " that when my Parent lay at Plymouth bound for New England, on 
March 24, 1691-2, Mr. Sherwit, a minister then living near, told him. That his 
grandfather, and our Mr. Coleman and another, had a Patent for that which Mr. 
Mason pretended unto at Piscataqua " {ante xvi. 351). The editor has bestowed 
much labor on his paper, and has carefully investigated the history of the first settle- 
VOL. XXXI. 12* 



134 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

mcnt in New ILimpKliire. He arrives at the concluHion that the services rendered 
by Capt. Jolni Mason towards colonizing this country have been overestimated ; a 
conclusion, however, it is but fair to sa}', that souie of our friends who have made 
New llauijishire history a specialty do not admit. J>ut while some may not agree 
with the author in all his views, no one can hesitate to acknowledge that the work 
is a Viiluable contril)ution to our history. 

The next jianiphlet is also edited by br. Deane. It is a copy of the Rules, &c. of 
Harvard College, adopted while President Dudley administered the colonial govern- 
ment, and was never before j)rinted. It is from a memorandum-book of Tutor, after- 
wards President, Leverett, and differs somewhat from the rules previously in force. 
Other entries in this book, which illustrate college life and disciplmc in the seven- 
teenth century, are here printed. 

The Journal of the Rev. John Pike now appears in full for the first time. Portions 
of it were printed in 1832, in the 3d volume of the " Collections of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society." The entries range from 1G78 to 1709, and record many 
current events. The notes of the editor, the Rev. Dr. Quint, which illustrate them, 
are very full, and are quite as valua})le as tlie original entries A record of mar- 
riages by Mr. Pike, irom lOBG to 1710, copied from the same book, will be prized by 
genealogists. The editor in an " Introduction'' gives an account of the author and 
some interesting ])articulars concerning Dover, where he was settled. 

In the next pamphlet on Judge John Lowell, reprinted from a previous volume of 
the Proceedings, the author proves conclusively that the family tradition that Judge 
Lowell proposed the first clause of the first article in the Massachusetts Declaration 
of Rights, for the purpose of abolishing slavery in this state, rests on no sound 
foundation. 

The last pamphlet. Dr. Belknap's Tour to the White Mountains, is reprinted from 
the Belknap Papers, a volume which the Massachusetts Historical Society has now 
in press. It is ably edited by Dr. Deane. j. w. d. 

History of the Town of Peterborovgh, Hillsborough County, Nciv Hampshire; with 
the Report of the Proceedings at the Centennial Celebration in 1839 ; an Avpendix 
containing the Records of the Original Proprirtors, and a Genealogical and His- 
torical Register. By Albert Smith, M.D., LL.D. " Memor esto majorum." 
Boston : Press of George 11. Ellis. 1876. [8vo. pp. 360+375.] 

This volume may be divided into three distinct parts, namely : first, a history of 
•the town; second, a report of the centennial proceedings in 1839; and lastly, a 
genealogical register. Only two historical accounts of this town have, we think, 
preceded the present volume. They are a " Topographical and Historical Account 
of Peterborough," by the Rev. Elijah Dunbar, published, in 1822, in Farmer and 
Moore's " Historical Collections " (vol. i. pp. 129-40) ; and an address delivered at 
the centennial celebration, Oct. 24, 1839, by the Rev. John 11. Morison, D.D., which 
address, with the other proceedings, was printed the same year. 

The history proper of the town fills 252 pages of the book. It is divided into 
chapters in which the different subjects are treated separately. The town was sur- 
veyed in 1738, and a few i)ersons settled there soim after, probably the next year ; 
but the settlers were several times driven away by the Indians, and no permanent 
plantation was made till 1749. The people who settled there were chiefly Scotch- 
Irish presbyterians, a hardy and industrious race, to whose virtues Mr. Derby has 
paid a just tribute in this number of the Register {ante p. 34). Not the least in- 
teresting chapters in the book are those on " Home Lifie," " llcmie Manufactures," 
and " Amusements and Social Habits," in which the people of bygone days in that 
town, and their peculiar modes of life, are reproduced, AVe think the author wi)uld 
have done well to have reprinted from the Register (vi. 367) the petition of Thomas 
Morrison and other inhabitants to the Massachusetts government, Oct. 4, 1750, for 
a block-house and other means of defence, as this document shows the condition of 
the town at a very early period. 

The portion of the volume devoted to the centennial celebration is a reprint of the 
most im])ortant part of the pamphlet i)rinted in 1839, with the address of the Rev, 
Dr. Morison in full. 

The remainder of the volume, or 365 pages, full half the book, is devoted to the 
" Genealogy and History of Peterborough Families." This is arranged on the plan 
used in Stearns's " History of Rindge " {ante xxx. 264), and shows great labor and 
care in its preparation, lew towns have so full a genealogical record as this. 

Dr. Smith, the author, who is now in his seventy-sixtli year, has performed iiis 
iWork in a manner that would do credit to one in the vigor of manhood ; and his book 



1877.] Book Notices, 135 

does honor to the town as well as to himself. It is a companion volume to the his- 
tory of Rindge, both in size and appearance ; is embellished with thirty-two por- 
traits, some of which are steel-engravings, and has a good index. j. w. d. 

A Genealogy of Samuel Allen of Windsor, Conn., and some of his Descendants. 
By WiLLARD S. Allen. * * * Boston : privately printed. 1876. [8vo. pp. 
76, rubricated title-page.] 

This elegant volume, from the press of David Clapp & Son, is an enlargement of 
a paper on the same subject published in the October number of the Register. The 
work is well done in all respects ; and is itself an illustration of the great improve- 
ment that has been made during the last twenty-five years in the standard of this 
class of publications, and in the style of arranging and classifying the facts. 

The author does not regard this as a complete genealogy of the descendants of 
Samuel Allen, Senior ; and it is to be hoped that he may find encouragement at no 
very distant day to trace all the lines as fully as he has the one to which he himself 
belongs. 

Seventy copies of this genealogy, in paper covers, at $2 each, are offered for sale. 

A. n. n. 

Early Religious History of Maryland. Maryland not a Roman Catfiolic Colony. 
Religious Toleration not an Act of Roman Catholic Legislation. Being the Sub- 
stance of a Lecture delivered before the Guild of " All Saints Church,'''' Baltimore, 
by ihe Rev. B. F. Brown, and published by request. Baltimore : Innes & Co., 
Book Printers. 1876. [Pamphlet, 8vo. pp. 34.] 

The impression that Maryland was first settled by Roman Catholics, that a ma- 
jority of the colonists under Lord Baltimore's charter were of that church, and that 
the degree of religious liberty which prevailed in that colony, — exceptional for that 
period of time, — was due especially and primarily to Cecilius Calvert, second Lord 
Baltimore, andto his brother Leonard, the first local governor, long ago gained a 
foothold in the histories of Maryland and of the United States. The late Sebas- 
tian F. Streeter, Esq., in his " Maryland Two Hundred Years Ago," was, we believe, 
the first to refute these historical errors. Within a lew years last past, the Rev. 
Edward D. Neill published a pamphlet containing additional proofs in support of 
Mr. Streeter's position. The pamphlet by the Rev. Mr. Brown, now under no- 
tice, presents the whole subject in a clear, concise and comprehensive manner, and 
it would appear that he has established all the statements made in his title-page. 

A. H. H. 

Historical Sketch of Methuen, from its Settlement to the Year 1876. By Jos. S. 

llowE. Methuen, Mass. : E. L. Houghton & Co., Printers. [8vo. pp. 48.] 
Tyngsboro'' Centennial Record , published by the Young People's League, Tyngsboro\ 

Mass., 1876 Lowell: Printed at the Office of the Weekly Journal. 

1876. [8vo. pp. 26.] 

Besides Fourth of July addresses upon the history of the localities where they are 
delivered, the centennial celebration of our independence has brought out various 
historical sketches of towns and counties. The two whose titles are given above 
contain much valuable information concerning the towns of Methuen and Tyngs- 
boro'. The latter is mainly devoted to genealogy, containing accounts of the families 
of Brinley, Butterfield, Parham, Bancroft, Swan, Bennett, Woodward, Cummings 
and Dan forth. j. w. d.^ 

Potter'' s American Monthly and Illustrated Magazine of History, Literature, Science 
and Art. Vols. VI. and VH. 1876. Philadelphia : John E. Potter & Company, 
617 Sansom St. [4to. pp. 482-f-480.] 

This magazine has now completed the second year of its issue with the present 
title and editor, and the fifth year since it was commenced as the " American His- 
torical Record " under the editorship of Benson J. Lossing, LL.D. The volumes 
before us maintain their character and interest. The editor, J. Harned Morris, 
Esq., has shown tact and ability in managing the work. In order to bring it within 
the means of a larger circle of readers, the publishers have reduced the subscription 
price twenty-five per cent., and now furnish it at $3 a year. A large subscription 
is needed, at this price, to remunerate them for their outlay. j. w. d. 



136 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

Historical Address delivered in Keene, N. //., on Juhf 4, 1876, at the Request of the 
City Government , by William Orne White. Keene : Sentinel Printing Com- 
pany, Book and Job Printers. 1870. [8vo. pp. 34. J 

Proceedings of the Centennial Celebration^ at Boscawen, N. //., July 4, 1876. [Ora- 
tion byC. Oarleton Coffin.] Fisherville, N. II.: Printed by S. G. Noyes. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 27.] 

One Hundredth Anniversary of the National Independence, July 4, 1876 ; its Celebra- 
tion by the City of Dover, N. H., the Public Proceedings, and Oration by Kev. 
Alonzo H. Quint, D.D. [City Seal.] Dover, N. 11. : Morning Star Steam Job 
Printing House. 1876. f8vo. pp. 53.] 

Billerica. A Centennial Oration, hy the Rev. Elias Nason, July 4, 1876 

Lowell : Printed by Marden and Kowell. 1876. [8vo. pp. 25.] 

Proceedings of the Centennial Celebration at Groton, Mass., July 4, 1876, in Com- 
memoration of the Destruction of the Town, March, 1676, and the Declaration of 
Independence, July 4, 1876. With an Oration, by Samuel Abbott Green, M.D. 
Groton. 1876. [8vo. pp. 89.] 

The Progress of Liberty, in an Hundred Years, an Oration delivered before the 
Citizens of Taunton, July 4, 1876. By Charles Francis Adam.s. Taunton, 
Mass. : Printed at the Office of C. A. Hack & Son. 1876. [8vo. pp. 24.] 

Oration delivered before the Inhabitants of Weston, at the Town- Hall, July 4, 
1876, by Charles II. Fiske. Weston : Printed by Vote of the Town-People. 
MDCCCLXxyi. [8vo. pp. 38.] 

Historical Address, of the City of Newport, delivered July 4, 1876. Wiih an 
Appendix. By William P. Sheffield. Published by order of the City Council. 
Newport : John P. Sanborn & Co., Steam Job Printers. 1876. [8vo. pp. 68, xv.] 

Report of the Centennial Celebration of the Anniversary of our Independence, at 
Windsor, Conn., July 4, 1876. By authority of the Committee of Arrangements. 
Hartford : Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co. 1876. [8vo. pp. 48.] 

Old Ti?nes in Huntington. An Historical Address, by Hon. Henry C. Piatt, 
delivered at the Centennial Celebration at Huntington, Suffolk County, N. Y., on 

the Ath day of July, 1876. With additional Notes and Family Sketches 

Huntington: Long Island Print. 1876. [l2mo. pp. 83.] 

Historical Address relating to the County of Broome in the State of New York. 
Delivered at Binghamton, July 3, 1876, by George Burr, M.D. Published 
under the direction of the Committee of Arrangements. JBinghamton : Carl, 
Stoppard & Co., Steam Job Printers. 1876. [8vo. pp. 55.] 

An Account of the Celebration of the Centennial Fourth of July, at Logansport , Ind., 
containing a History of Cass County from its Settlement to the Present Time. 
Logansport, Indiana : 1876. L8vo. pp. 16.] 

The chief feature of most of the discourses delivered on the last Fourth of July is 
the prominence they give to local history. This fact imparts to them a special 
value. We regret that want of space forbids a particular mention of several of these 
orations, because they contain concise and admirably well composed histories of the 
towns to which they relate. Some of them set forth new historical and biographical 
matter of importance, and have cost their writers a great deal of critical and la- 
borious research. a. h. ii. 

An Illustrated History of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Civil, Political and 
Military, from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, including Historical 
Descriptions of Each County in the State, their Towns and Industrial Resources. 
By William 11. Egle, M.D., Member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Sold only by Subscription. Harrisburg : De Witt C. Goodrich & Co. 1876. 
[Royal 8vo. pp. 1186.] 

This valuable book on the history of Pennsylvania is brought down to the year 
wlien it was pullished. The author has been long engaged in collecting materials 
for a history of this state, and, as his contribution to centennial literature, has 
brought out the present volume, which does great credit to him in every respect. 
The i)ul)lisherK also have done their part well, the illuntrations being well executed, 
and che paper, typography and binding of a high order. 

The hintory of' the settlements by the Dutch, the Swedes and others within the 
bounds of the state, — the earliest of which were made half a century before the 



1877.] Booh Notices. 137 

English grant to William Penn, — is faithfully related from the best and latest au- 
thorities ; as is also that of subsequent events while Pennsylvania was under the 
government of the Penn family, and since it has been an independent state. The 
embellishments of this part of the work consist of views of historic buildings, por- 
traits of governors of the state and of other eminent men, maps, plans, &c. &c. 

Besides this general history of Pennsylvania, which occupies about a quarter of 
the book, a " thorough, full and complete sketch of every county " in the state, of 
which there are sixty-six, is given. In the preparation of these sketches, Dr. Egle 
has availed himself of the assistance of nearly seventy gentlemen familiar with the 
history of their respective counties, who have either written out sketches, or read 
and revised those prepared by the author, or furnished materials of more or less 
fulness. They are profusely illustrated by engravings of buildings, scenery, &c. 
When we state that nine hundred pages are devoted to the sketches, some idea of 
their fulness may be obtained. j. w. d. 

JSotea, Historical and Bibliographical, on the Laws of New Hampshire. By Albert 
H. lIoYT. [Motto.] Worcester, Mass. : Press of Charles Hamilton, Central Ex- 
change. 1876. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

This is a reprint, with additions, from the " Proceedings of the American Anti- 
quarian Society " for April, 1876. It is not a mere bibliographical list of the various 
editions of the laws of New Hampshire, though perfect in this respect ; but is also a 
succinct history of those laws from the colonization of the state, enriched with 
valuable observations upon them. In the course of his researches the author dis- 
covered the interesting fact that the first code of laws of the Province was chiefly 
borrowed from the laws of New Plymouth Colony, and not from those of Massachu- 
setts Bay, as has been heretofore stated by other writers. A comparison of the 
early criminal laws of New Hampshire with those of other colonies and the mother 
country shows that they do not suffer thereby. 

Much labor has been bestowed upon this tract, both in collecting and in verifying 
facts. It is a much needed addition to our legal literature ; and we hope that gentle- 
men of the profession in other states will do a like service for their respective com- 
monwealths. J. w. D. 

The Reed Controversy. Further Facts ivith reference to the Character of Joseph 
Reed, Adjutant General on the Staff of General Washington. Printed for Private 
Distribution. Trenton, N. J. : John L. Murphy, State Gazette Printing House. 
1876. [Royal8vo. pp. 11.] 

This pamphlet is a vindication of the memory of Col. Joseph Reed from the oft 
repeated charge that he took protection from the enem}^ during the revolutionary 
war. It is in the form of two letters to George H. Moore, LL.D., of the New York 
Historical Society, from William S. Stryker, Adjutant General of New Jersey. 
These letters show that the officer of this name who actually took such protection, 
was Col. Charles Read of one of the Burlington, New Jersey, battalions. A letter is 
appended from Mr. Bancroft, the historian, who had made the charge and who had 
been permitted to read the letters, withdrawing the same, and requesting permission 
to be the first to announce Gen. Stryker 's discovery. This he did in the fifth volume 
of the centenary edition of his History of the United States. 

In the preface, Gen. Stryker gives a list of the publications relative to the military 
record of Joseph Reed, which was first attacked Sept. 3, 1782, in the Independent 
Gazetteer. j. w. d. 

History of the Civil War in America. By the Comle de Paris. Translated, with 
the approval of the Author, by Louis F. Tasistro. Edited by Henry Coppee, 
LL.D. Volume II. Philadelphia: Jos. H. Coates & Co. 1876. [8vo. pp. xxvi. 
773.] 

In a former number of the Register (vol. xxx. p. 258) we noticed the first 
volume of this work, stating briefly its chief contents and characteristics. A careful 
perusal of the second volume has brought us to the conclusion we then ex- 
pressed, that for fulness, accuracy and precision of statement, for impartiality and 
candor, and for a broad and sagacious grasp of the mixed questions of politics and 
military strategy that entered into the Civil War, this work surpasses all its 
predecessors. 

The most important and the most interesting portion of this volume, and that in 



138 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

which the author shows his highest powers of analysis and of statement, is that in 
which he recites the history of tlie military operations and battles of 1862. Here the 
ability, patriotism and real success of General McClellan are fully vindicated, and 
the causes of his failure to accomplish all that he planned are traced to their true 
source. Scarcely less interesting and instructive are the chapters that describe the 
events of the same year in the southwest. The history of the capture of New 
Orleans, and of the government of that city in 1862, is told, we believe, with truth 
and candor. a. u. h. 

Memoirs of an American Lady : With Sketches of Manners and Scenes in America, 
as they existed previous to the Revolution. By Mrs. Anne Grant, Author of Let- 
ters from the Mountains, &c. With a Memoir of Mrs. Grant. By James Grant 
Wilson. Albany: Joel Munsell. 1876. [8vo. pp. 377.] 

The " Memoirs of an American Lady," — in which Mrs. Grant of Lag^an so 
pleasantly describes from her own observations while a child under the roof of Mrs. 
Schuyler, the manners and customs of the Dutch families of Albany, just previous 
to the revolution, — is acknowledged by Paulding to have been the prototype of his 
" Dutchman's Fireside." Though given to the public nearly seventy years ago, the 
book still onjoj^s a high reputation with those who love to dwell upon the past. 

It is well, in these days, while we are reviving the memory of revolutionary times 
and worthies, that a new edition of tliis interesting work should be brought out. 
The editor, whom from his initial we take to be Mr. Munsell, has added many 
judicious and valuable notes, and Col. Wilson, who has furnished the memoir, gives 
an interesting account of the author. The typography of the book is excellent. 

J. w. D. 

History, Manners and Customs of the Indian Nations who once Inhabited Pennsyl- 
vania and the Neighbouring States. By the Rev. John Heckewelder, of Bethlehem, 
Pa. New and Revised tidition. With an Introduction and Notes. By the Rev. 
William C. Reichel. Philadelphia: Publication Fund of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. No. 820 Spruce Street. 1876. [8vo. pp. 465,] 

This is the ninth volume of the " Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania." It is a reprint of Heckewelder 's " Manners and Customs of the Indian 
Nations," prepared for the American Philosophical Society, and first published 
among its "Transactions" in 1819. The work will always be sought for as an 
original authority upon Indian history, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 
has done a good work in placing it before the public in the present form. 

Rev. Mr. Reichel, the editor, long connected with the Moravian Seminary at 
Bethlehem, died there on the 1st of November last, in his fifty-third year. He was 
a careful and accurate historian, and has annotated Heckewelder 's work in a judi- 
cious and satisfactory manner. j. w. d. 

Journal of Charles Carroll of Carrollton during his Visit to Canada in 1776, as 
one of the Commissioners from Congress. With a Memoir and Notes. By 
Brantz Mayer. [Seal.] Printed by John ^lurphy. For the Maryland Historical 
Society, Baltimore, May, 1876. [8vo. pp. 110. J 

This elegant volume is issued as a "Memorial Contribution from the Maryland 
Historical Society to the Centennial Celebration of the National Independence of the 
United States of America, July 4, 1876," and is uniform with the " Fund-Publica- 
tion " series of that society. It is a republication of one of its earliest issues, the 
work having been first published in 1845, the year after the incorporation of the 
society. To the present edition has been added an autobiographic sketch of the 
author of the journal, and a letter, June 2, 1776, from R(.'V. Mr. (afterwards Iiishop) 
Carroll, who accompanied the Commissioners, to the father of Charles Carroll of 
Carrollton; also portraits of the three commissioners — Benjamin Franklin, Charles 
Carroll and Samuel Chase — and of Bishop Carroll. It has otherwise been improved. 
The committee, of which Mr. Mnyer, the editor, is chairman, state that they " ofier 
this book as a patriotic memorial, showing that, at the end of one hundred years of 
National life, Maryland is loyal to the men and memories of 1776." 

The original manuscript of Carroll's journal is in the possession of the Maryland 
Historical Society. j. w. d. 



1877.] 



Deaths. 



139 



Oration delivered before the City Council and the Citizens of Boston^ on the One 
Hundredth Anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence^ July 4, 
1876. By Hon. Robert C. Winthrop. Boston : Printed by Order of the City 
Council. 1876. [8vo. pp. 96.] 

For over one hundred years an oration has annually been delivered, before the 
authorities of the municipality of Boston, to commemorate an event connected with 
the separation of the British American colonies from the mother country ; and all of 
these orations, except two, have, we think, been printed. From 1771 to 1783, the 
event commemorated was the Boston Massacre, I\Jarch 5th. Since the latter date, it 
has been the Declaration of Independence, July 4th. James S. Loring, a member of 
this society, in 1852, made these orations the subject of a thick octavo volume which 
he entitled " The Hundred Orators of Boston " {ante vi. 299). In this work he has 
preserved much valuable matter illustrating the history ot the city and the bio- 
graphy of its orators. 

Mr. Winthrop's is the ninety-fourth of these orations which commemorate the 
Declaration of Independence ; and it celebrates the one hundredth anniversary of 
this event. No more fitting orator than he for such an occasion could be selected. 
He has more than realized, by his masterly performance, the high expectations that 
were raised. j. w. d. 



DEATHS. 



Andrews, Dea. Alfred, in New Britain, 
Ct., April 13, 1876, aged 78. He was 
born in that town, Oct. 16, 1797, and 
passed his whole life there. In early 
life he taught school, but afterwards 
carried on the business of carriage 
making and subsequently of farming. 
He was one of the pioneers in Sabbath - 
school work, and was either teacher or 
superintendent of the First Church Sun- 
day-school from the age of nineteen till 
his death. He held many offices of 
responsibility in the church and in the 
town, and was always faithful to his 
trust. During the Avar he was one of 
the selectmen, and did much laborious 
work in aid of the families of the soldiers 
serving in the army. He was an early 
worker and a leader in the temperance 
and anti-slavery causes. He was the 
author of the «' Genealogy and Eccle- 
siastical History of New Britain, Ct.," 
the '• Andrews Genealogy " and the 
•'Hart Genealogy," all of which books 
have been noticed in the Register {ante 
xxiii. 239 ; xxvii. 450 ; xxx. 269). On 
the publication of the first book, his 
fellow-citizens testified their appreciation 
of his labors by presenting him with a 
valuable silver tea-service. He was a 
pains-taking and accurate genealogist, a 
devoted christian, and an honest and 
pure-minded man. A ♦'Memorial Tri- 
bute " by Elihu Burritt was printed in 
1876. 

Chipman, Mrs. Elizabeth, in Saint John, 
N. B., July 4, 1876, in the 84th year of 
her age, widow of the late Hon. Ward 
Chipman, formerly Chief Justice of New 



Brunswick. In 1817 she was married 
to her late husband, who was the son of 
the Hon. Ward Chipman, Judge of the 
Supreme Court of N. B., and who was 
likewise acting Governor of that Pro- 
vince at the time of his death. The 
mother of the Chief Justice was the 
daughter of the Hon. William Hazen, a 
pioneer settler of the city of Saint John, 
and at the time of his death a member 
of the Governor's Council of that Pro- 
vince. Mr. Hazen sailed for Saint John 
with his family, where he had previously 
made a settlement, on the 17th of June, 
1775, and, as he left the harbor of New- 
buryport, he heard the discharge of 
cannon at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
His family has been one of the most 
distinguished in New Brunswick. One 
of his daughters married the late Judge 
Botsford of the Supreme Court, and an- 
other married Sir John Fitz Gerrald, the 
only survivor i]i the family of that gen- 
eration, now over ninety years of age, 
and the oldest General at the present 
time in the English army. Two of Mr. 
Hazen's grandsons, on the establishment 
of the Dominion of Canada, were ap- 
pointed Senators for life, viz. : the Hon. 
Robert L. Hazen and the Hon. Amos 
E. Botsford ; a brother of the latter is a 
Justice of the Supreme Court of New 
Brunswick. 

Mrs. Chipman leaves no family. AVe 
learn that the executor and residuary 
legatee of the will of the late Chief 
Justice, Mr. William Hazen, has present- 
ed the portraits of the two Judges Chip- 
man, both painted by Stuart, to Chief 
Justice Horace Gray, of Boston, who is 



140 



Deaths, 



[Jan. 



a grand nephew of the elder Chipman. 
The Chipmans were both educated at 
Harvard College ; the Judge graduated 
in 1770, and the Chief Justice in 1805. 

DAVisox,Capt. Elias E., in Boston, April 9, 
1876, ce. 72. He "was a native of (jlou- 
cester, Mass. For some time he com- 
manded a ship belonging to Bryant & 
Sturgis in the East India trade ; but for 
the last thirty-four years has been 
whartinger of Lewis Wharf. He was 
for many years pilot commissioner, and 
had held the office of president of the 
Boston Marine Society. He was en- 
dowed with strong native force of char- 
acter, was of a genial disposition and 
was very popular among his associates. 

Holt, Thomas, in Medford, April 13, 1876, 
a. 72. For many years he had been 
proof-reader at the Boston Stereotype 
Foundry. Not a few of the standard 
works issued during the last half cen- 
tury have been read by him, among 
which may be mentioned Leverett's 
Lexicon, Todd's Johnson's Dictionary, 
and Webster's and Worcester's un- 
abridged dictionaries. His opinions had 
great weight with authors, and many 
were indebted to him for valuable sug- 
gestions. 

Richards, Dr. Levi, in Salt Lake City, 
Utah, June 18, 1876, aged 77. He was 
a son of Joseph and llhoda (Howe) 
Richards, and was born at Hopkinton, 
Mass., April 4, 1799. He was brought 
up a farmer, but having a natural genius 
for mechanics, for fifteen or eighteen years 
engaged in mechanical pursuits, which 
he relinquished for medicine, becoming 
very successful as a botanical physician. 
He was a high priest and patriarch of 
the Latter Day Saints, and visited Eng- 
land in 1841 and again in 18 i7 in their 
service. He took much interest in hor- 
ticulture and sanitary reforms. A sketch 
of his life will be found in Morse's 
Richards Genealogy, p. 170 6. 

Richardson, Mrs. Anna Maria, wife of the 
Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., 
formerly United States secretary of the 
treasury, died in Paris, France, March 
26, 1876, aged 48. She was the daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Marston, and was born 
in Machias Port, Maine, Nov. 28, 1827 — 
where she was married Oct. 29, 1849. 
She resided for some years in Lowell, 
where her husband was then practising 
law, and removed thence to Cambridge. 
After a short residence there, she spent 
some years abroad, for the purpose of 
educating her daughter. 

EuuATU.^i.— Vol. XXX. p. 407, 1. 5 from bottom, for a grandson of Robert of Newtown, read, 
his graudion and sou of Kobert of Newtown. 



Returning to this country she lived 
in Washington until 187-5, when her 
fondness for travel induced her to under- 
take with her husband and daughter the 
long and still rather unusual journey 
across the Continent to China, Japan, 
India and Egypt — a journey which, rich 
in enjoyment and instruction, proved 
to be her last. From Cairo she went to 
Paris for "Medical advice, and died in 
that city ten days after her arrival. Mrs. 
Richardson possessed many graces of 
mind as well as of person, and her nu- 
merous friends will learn of her sudden 
death with much regret. 

Smalley, Dr. Adoniram, in Lebanon, 
N. H., May 14, 1876, aged 72. He was 
born Sept. 14, 1803. For over 43 years 
he was a physician in active practice. 
He was an energetic man, and skilful in 
his profession. 

Washburn, Israel, in Livermore, Me., of 
protracted paralysis, Sept. 1, 1876, a. 91. 
He was the eldest child of Israel and 
Abiah Washburn, of Raynham, Mass., 
where he was born, Nov. 18, 1784. He 
was the 7th generation in descent from 
John^ IVaskbzirn (an early settler of Dux- 
bury, who removed thence to Bridge- 
water) through John,^ Samuel,^ Israel,"^ 
Israel,^ and Israel,^ above, his father, 
who was born in Ravuham, Jan. 30, 
1755. 

He left his native town in 1806, and 
taught school in Dresden, Maine, for a 
year or more ; after which he engaged 
in trade and shipbuilding, with Barzil- 
lai White, at White's Landing, now 
Richmond, Me. In 1809, he purchased 
of Artemas Leonard his farm and store 
in Livermore, and carried on business 
here as a trader till 1829. His subse- 
quent life was passed on his farm in that 
town. He represented Livermore in the 
legislature of Massachusetts in 1815, 
1816, 1818 and 1819, and had also held 
the offices of town clerk and selectman 
there. His wife, Mrs. Martha (Benja- 
min) Washburn, to whom he was mar- 
ried March 30, 1812, died May 6, 1861. 
They had eleven children, among whom 
are Hon. Israel (LL.D.) of Portland, 
Me., formerly governor of that state; 
Hon. Elihu B., now United States min- 
ister to France ; and Maj. Gen. Cadwal- 
lader C. (LL.D.), formerly governor of 
Wisconsin. 

Till his death he took a lively interest 
in public affairs, and was thoroughly 
conversant with the political history of 
the nation. 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1877. 



MEMOIR OF ISAAC CHAPMAN BATES. 

By Hamilton Andrews Hill, M.A., of Boston, Mass. 

ISAAC CHAPMAN BATES was born in Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, on the 2 2d of October, 1817. He was the sixth child 
and youngest son of the Hon. Isaac Chapman and Martha Henshaw 
Bates. 

His father, Isaac Chapman Bates, was born in Granville, Mass., 
Jan. 23, 1779, and died in Washington, D. C, March 16, 1845. 
He was a leading member of the bar, and at the time of his death 
was one of the United States Senators for the state of Massachu- 
setts, the Hon. Rufus Choate being his colleague. His wife, Mar- 
tha, daughter of the Hon. Samuel Henshaw of Northampton, was 
born in Boston, June 9, 1783, and survived until the 9th of No- 
vember, 1874, having nearly completed the first half of her ninety- 
second year.^ 

The subject of the present memoir received the usual academic 
training of the time at Round Hill School, Northampton, and at the 
age of sixteen came to Boston and entered the warehouse of Messrs. 
Edwards & Stoddard, importers of silk goods. His ability and 
steady deportment so commended him to the confidence and regard 
of his employers that he was sent by them to France, as their pur- 
chasing agent, before he had completed his nineteenth year. He 
remained in Europe in this position for several years, and, vfhile 
assiduous in his attention to business, he improved his opportuni- 
ties to the utmost for becomins; familiar with the French and Ger- 
man languages and advancing his general culture. Returning to 
the United States, he associated himself in business in Boston with 
Mr. R. A. Crafts, formerly of Manchester, England, under the 
firm name of R. A. Crafts & Co. On the succession of Mr. Fill- 

^ Mr. Senator Bates was son of Col. Jacob Bates, who was born in Durham, Conn., Nov. 
2, 1746, removed with his father to Granville, Mass., in 1753, died Oct. 22, 1836, and was 

VOL. XXXI. 13 



142 Memoir of Isaac Chapman Bates. [April, 

more to the presidency in 1850, Mr. Bates was appointed Consul- 
General at Aix la Chapclle, for Rhenish Prussia and Westphalia. 
His acquaintance with continental life and languages, his urbane 
manners, his mercantile experience, and his sound and liberal judg- 
ment, qualified him to an exceptional degree for this oflSce. He 
was both popular and efficient as a representative of his government, 
and iSIr. Webster, while at the head of the Department of State, 
epoke with special praise of his consular reports as being carefully com- 
piled and full of valuable information. On a change of administra- 
tion in 1854, he was superseded; the person appointed to succeed 
him, however, was almost immediately recalled, and Mr. Bates was 
asked to return to the consulship ; but it was too late, he had con- 
cluded other arrangements. 

When Mr. Bates came back to Boston in 1854, our merchants 
were engaged in organizing the Board of Trade,' and they were 
fortunate in being able at once to secure his cooperation as its sec- 
retary and executive manager. Under his discreet and able admin- 
istration, the new institution almost immediately took rank with the 
long-established commercial bodies of New York, Philadelphia and 
Baitimore. Such boards were then in existence only in the three 
cities named and in New Orleans, Savannah, San Francisco and 
Portland, and the only produce exchanges were those of New York, 
Chicago, Cincinnati, Albany, Oswego, Buifido, and Cleveland, in 
all fourteen. Now, there are five or six times as many commercial 
organizations of various kinds in the United States, and their sphere 

buried in Northampton. He married Rnth, daughter of Phineas Robinson, of Granville, 
and widow of Isaac Chapman, born in Durham, Aug. 10, 175.5, died Oct. 28, 1829, and 
buried in Northampton. -, . ^ -n ,-=o a- a 

Son of John Bates, of Durham, born March 3, 1717, removed to Granville, 1^53, died 
March 31, 1782. He married Edith Ward, of Middletown, Conn. 

Son of James Bates, of Say brook and Haddam Quarter, Conn., bora Dec. 16, 1683, 
married Hannah, daughter of David Bull. j. -, -r^ no 

Son of Samuel Bate, of Saybrook, baptized in Dorchester, June 19, 1648, died Dec. 2b, 
1699, married Marv, daughter of Robert Chapman, of Saybrook, born April 15, 1600. 

Son of James Bate, of Saybrook and Haddam, baptized in Lydd, County of Kent, 
England, Dec. 14, 1624, sailed for America with his father in the "Elizabeth" in 1636, 
married Ann, daughter of Henry Withington, of Dorchester. 
Son of James Bate, of Lydd, County of Kent, England. 

For the further genealoijv of the Bates or Bate tamily, see documents m process of 
compilation, left by the late"" Isaac Chapman Bates, now in the possession of the New Eng- 
land Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Mrs. Martha Hcnshaw Bates, bora in Boston, June 9, 1783, man-ied Isaac Chapman Bates, 
afterwards United States Senator, Sept. 21, 1807, died in Northampton, Nov. 9, 1874. 

Daughter of the Hon. Samuel Henshaw, of Milton, Boston ami Northampton, born m 
Milton, Feb. 14, 1744, died in Northampton, March 11, 1809, married Aug. 7, 1782, Martha 
Hunt, of Northampton, born June 28, 1755, died May 27, 1842. 

Son of Samuel Henshaw, born in Milton, Sept. 21, 1723, died May 21, 1/78, married Nov. 
1742, Submit Woodard, of Milton, died March 14, 1792. o ,-t,., -a 

Son of Samuel Henshaw, 1)orn in Dorchester, April L 1682, died Oct. 18, 1761, married 
Waitstill Topliir, of Dorchester, baptized Nov. 9, 1684, died May 17, 1737. 

Son of Joshua Henshaw, of Dorchester, born in Liverpool, England, about 1643, died in 
1719, married in 1670, Elizabeth Sumner, of Dorchester, baptized June 27, 17.)2, died in 1/28. 
F(')r further particulars see the Henshaw pixpers, deposited by Mrs. Isaac C. Bates with 
the above-named Society. , 

' There hiid previously been a Chamber of Commerce in Boston. It was organized on 
the 18th of Januarv, 1836, and for sonic vears was a very active and useful body. Alter a 
time, however, the'interest of its members fell olf, and without formally disbanding, it held 
a meeting for the last time on the 14tli of March, 1843. 



1877.] Memoir of Isaac Chapman Bates, 143 

of activity and opportunities for usefulness are of course more gene- 
rally understood and intelligently appreciated than was the case 
twenty years ago ; yet a circular issued by Mr. Bates in January, 
1855, addressed to the business men of Boston, setting forth what 
should or might be accomplished by the Board of Trade, and show- 
ing why they should give it their sympathy and contribute to it 
their joint effort, could hardly be more comprehensive and complete 
had it been penned to-day, and it presents to view a higher ideal 
than most of our commercial boards have yet attained to. 

Mr. Bates published annual reports in 1855, 1856, and 1857. 
The last, a volume of G70 pages, is probably by far the most full 
and elaborate compilation ever issued by any commercial board or 
chamber in this country. It contains a large variety of statistics, 
the laws and regulations governing the harbors and pilot service of 
the state, and the laws of the United States relating to money, 
weights and measures, customs duties and public warehouses. It 
was well fitted for a place on the bookshelf of every counting-house, 
and for constant reference by every merchant who desired accurate 
and trustworthy information in the intelligent prosecution of his busi- 
ness. In these annual reports there are ample discussions of many 
questions of both local and national interest, prominent among the 
latter being reciprocal trade with Canada, an uniform system of 
weights and measures, and the usury and bankrupt laws. 

The subject, however, to which paramount importance is given 
in Mr. Bates's volumes, as in most of the subsequent reports of the 
Boston Board of Trade, is the improvement of transportation facili- 
ties, inland and coastwise, in the United States. This was, perhaps, 
the leading object in view with those who formed the Board, and to 
this its thought and effort were mainly directed for many years. At 
the time of its formation the American railway system had hardly 
done more than to make a beginning in its development. In 1854 
there were 16,720 miles of railway in operation in this country ; in 
1874 there were 72,623 miles. And the lines then running were 
defective in many of their arrangements, and far below the reasona- 
ble requirements of the public. To refer to one route only, that 
between Boston and Chicago by way of Albany and Niagara Falls : 
there were two corporations between Boston and Albany, whicli 
divided the responsibility between them, or rather, which so con- 
stantly passed it from one to the other, that the community could 
never tell where to find it. There were only 53 miles of double track 
between Worcester and Albany, a distance of 156 miles, and the 
larger part of this was between Worcester and Springfield;^ conse- 
quently there were slow trains and imperfect connections at and west 
from Springfield. There was no bridge across the Hudson Biver 
at Albany, and consequently there were many delays and infrequent 

^ It was not until 1868, that the entire distance between Worcester and Albany (excepting 
tiie bridges across the Connecticut and Hudson rivers) was covered by a double track. 



144 Memoir of Isaac Chairman Bates, [April, 

connections, both for passengers and for goods, at that point. The 
railway suspension bridge across the Niagara Kiver was not opened 
for traffic until the spring of 1855 ; and then, and for many years 
later, the gauge of the Great AVestern Hail way of Canada was 
broader than that of the lines connecting with it, at either its east- 
ern or its western terminus. It was under these circumstances, and 
while suffering from these disadvantages and others which might be 
named, that the merchants of Boston, in order to save the trade of 
the city with the West and South- West from utter extinction, unit- 
ed tlieir influence and their endeavors to bring to pass a better state 
of things, and the secretary of the new Board of Trade was quick 
to apprehend the necessities of the case, and energetic in measures 
for meeting and overcoming them. In his first annual report, bear- 
ing date January 15, 1855, Mr. Bates says : "What we want and 
^im to have is, that the companies whose roads run in connecting 
lines shall come to an understanding with each other, so that 
through-freight trains may be run at different rates of speed, and at 
prices proportioned to the speed, but all of them with the rapidity 
of passenger trains ; and we want to know beforehand with certain- 
ty how much it will cost to send our merchandise to any given point, 
and how lonsf it will take to o-et it there." This hio'h standard of 
railway efficiency, persistently held up by the Boston Board of Trade 
for so many years, has not yet perhaps been absolutely reached, 
but from 1855 and onward steady progress has been made. That 
the membership was not unreasonably impatient in its hopes and 
expectations, may be inferred from the circumstance that at the an- 
nual meeting in January, 1856, Mr. Bates congratulated the Board 
on the completion of arrangements by which the time guaranteed for 
the transit of goods from Boston to Chicago was " only sixteen 
days." 

Mr. Bates sought to make himself thoroughly acquainted with 
the details of the transportation business, and he was in constant 
correspondence and in personal contact with all the prominent rail- 
way officials in this part of the country. He also travelled over the 
routes in which the trade of Boston was particularly interested. On 
the opening of the Niagara Suspension Bridge, in April, 1855, 
there was an immense accumulation of merchandise from both the 
East and the West, for which the officials were not prepared, so 
that great confusion ensued, involving serious delays and very heavy 
losses. To quote from the annual report for that year : " Along the 
line of their road [the New York Central] scattered over a distance 
of from ten to twenty miles, wherever there w'as room, might be 
seen cars waiting to be unloaded. The like was true of the Great 
Western l\ailway." As soon as the news of this confusion and de- 
tention reached Boston, i\Ir. Bates hastened to Suspension Ih'idge 
and spent several weeks in its vicinity, rendering valuable aid in the 
process of disentanglement. A year later, in the spring of 1856, a 



1877.] Memoii' of Isaac Chapman Bates. 145 

heavy snow-storm, in conjunction with the break in gauge, caused 
a similarly disastrous stoppage of traffic at the same point. We are 
told that "three-fifths of all the cars (belonging to the New York 
Central) suited to the business and in condition to be used, were 
blocked up at tlie Suspension Bridge, leaving only two-fifths for all 
the Buffalo and Lake-Shore business and for goods coming East." 
In another week, all the cars belonging to the Central road would 
have been used up, and it would have been left without any what- 
ever for new business. Mr. Bates kept the members of the Board 
of Trade well informed of everything that was taking place at the 
Bridge at this juncture, and he helped to turn the tide of traffic from 
this city into other channels, until the pressure could be removed 
and communication reopened by the direct route. 

In the course of its endeavors to promote regularity and facility 
of transportation, the Board of Trade was led, in 1858, to establish 
the Boston Inland Mutual Insurance Company, and Mr. Bates was 
naturally fixed upon as its president. He therefore resigned the 
secretaryship of the Board of Trade, but continued to be an active 
member of its government. We doubt whether, either in this coun- 
try or in Europe, a company has ever been established for altogether 
the same objects in combination. These objects were — to insure 
property against fire in Boston ; to insure merchandise against the 
perils of the sea, when transported coastwise from ports between 
Newfoundland and California ; to insure against the perils of inland 
navigation and transportation over all the main lines of railways, 
lakes, rivers and canals in the country ; and to insure against delays 
in the conveyance of merchandise. This last was really the chief 
purpose of the company, — to obviate delay, and to promote regu- 
larity and promptness in the transit of goods ; and it is a pity that 
the project could not have had a longer and more thorough trial. 
But at the commencement of the civil war in 1861, new and untried 
difficulties arose, which seemed to complicate, more than ever, the 
transportation question, and it was decided, contrary to Mr. Bates's 
judgment, to wind up and dissolve the company. It had been a 
success, pecuniarily and otherwise, during the few years of its exist- 
ence, and it would in all probability have continued to be so. 

Shortly after, Mr. Bates became interested in a valuable patent, 
and in the summer of 1864 he went to Europe to introduce it there, 
and to represent the company to which it belonged. He held this 
position two or three years and then relinquished it, but his residence 
continued to be on the other side of the Atlantic until the time of 
his death. During the last seven or eight years of his life he en- 
joyed a period of leisure to wh'ch a protracted career of industry 
fully entitled him, and for making a good use of which his culti- 
vated tastes abundantly fitted him. He travelled extensively ; and 
in his comfortable home in Paris, he renewed the study of statistical 
and industrial questions, commenced long before. He became much 

VOL. XXXI. 13"^ 



146 Memoir of Isaac Chapman Bates, [April, 

interested, also, in genealogical investigations, and some valuable 
results of these labors have come into the possession of the New- 
England Historic, Genealogical Society, although not in the form 
they would have taken had he survived longer. 

Indeed, wherever Mr. Bates was, and however he was situated, 
he could not be idle. His mind was too active, and his energies 
were too strong and healthful to remain unemployed. And what- 
ever he engaged in, or undertook to do, he did thoroughly and well. 
He brought not only intelligence and aptitude, but zeal also to his 
work, and a degree of enthusiasm which enabled him to overcome 
obstacles. He used to say that it had always seemed to be his for- 
tune to labor in untried fields ; but perhaps the most marked in- 
stances of his success were those which he achieved without experi- 
ence on his own part, or the precedents of others, to assist him. 
His industry was painstaking and indefatigable, and he spared no 
time or effort to make himself master of the work before him, or 
to carry it through to complete accomplishment. These qualities 
were especially conspicuous in him while he was secretary of the 
Boston Board of Trade and president of the Inland Insurance Com- 
pany ; but they were to be observed throughout his business life, no 
less when as a youth he was making large purchases of goods in 
a foreign country, than when, nearly thirty years later, he carried a 
new and important invention to England and the continent. This 
absolute fidelity to the business in hand was a natural outgrowth 
of the sterling integrity of his character. His ideal of personal 
honor was high, and he could not have satisfied himself with any 
half-hearted or perfunctory performance of duty. He set an ad- 
vanced standard of excellence before himself; he therefore found it 
less difficult to please others than himself, in what he was able to 
accomplish. With this strength of principle and elevation of pur- 
pose, he possessed also great amiability and generosity of heart, 
refined susceptibilities, and quick and responsive sympathies, in a 
word, all the essentials to a true nobility of nature. 

Of Mr. Bates in his private and domestic relations, it is enough 
here to say that he was most exemplary in all of them. He was 
married in Boston, May 14, 1851, to Frances Sarah Attwill, born 
in New Orleans, May 15, 1828, daughter of John Daggett Attwill, 
of New Orleans, and Ann Burroughs, of Woodbridge, County of 
Sufiblk, England. Ilis only child, x\rthur Edward I^ates, was born 
in Aix la Chapelle, March 5, 1853, and died in Paris, April 28, 
1873. The education of this son had been carried on for several 
years under the zealous care and scholarship of Prof. jNIetzdorf, of 
Berlin, and he gave much promise of future excellence. He was 
about to return to America, with his parents, to enter the sophomore 
class in Harvard University, at the time of his sudden death. 

For more than a year Mr. Bates had been subject to an infirmity 
which caused some anxiety to himself and his friends, but no one 



1877.] I^otes on American History, 147 

was prepared for his demise when it came. He was on a visit to 
the United States for the purpose of completing a family tomb in 
the old cemetery in Northampton, and of laying the remains of his 
beloved son to rest there. While passing a few days at Saratoga 
Springs, he became somewhat worse than usual, and at night, on 
the 24tli of Sej)tember, 1875, he died with hardly a moment's warn- 
ing. " God's finger touched him, and he slept." Father and son, 
after a separation brief but bitter, are now reunited, and their bodies 
repose side by side, amid the peaceful shades where so many of their 
kindred sleep. 

Such men as Mr. Bates are too rare to be given up without deep 
and genuine sorrow, and especially are they to be lamented when 
they are taken from earth in the very prime of life, and in the ripe 
maturity of their powers. It becomes us, however, now and at all 
times, to acquiesce in the varied appointments of our Heavenly 
Father in His providential dealings with the children of men ; and, 
remembering that He keeps the times and seasons in His own power, 
to rely confidently upon the assurance of His wisdom and love, both 
when He gives and when He recalls His gifts, saying evermore, 
"He doeth all things well." 



NOTES ON AMERICAN HISTORY. 

By the Rev. Edward D. Neill, A.B., President of Macalester College, Minneapolis, Minn. 

[Continued from page 22.] 

No. xy. 

A Study of the Virginia Census of 1624. 

Mev, Richard JBiich, 

IN a volume of Colonial Records published by the State of Vir- 
ginia, in 1874, there is a list of those living in that colony on 
Feb. 16, 1623, or 1624 according to the present mode of reckoning. 

The columns of bare names look stiff and prosaic, yet the lives 
of those who bore them, if not always "sublime," were full of ro- 
mance and excitinsf incidents. 

In the census of those at James City and the corporation thereof, 
appear Benamy, Gercyon, Peleg and Mara Bucke. Here, for the 
first time, the historian obtains a glimpse of the family of the Rev. 
Richard Buck, and the name of each child suggests an experience 
of the father. 

Buck was the chaplain of the fleet of nine vessels that sailed out 
of the port of Plymouth on the first day of June, 1609, bound for 
Virginia. With Gates, Somers, and Captain Newport, on the 28th 
xDf July, he was on board the " Sea Venture " when driven by a 



148 JVbtes on American History, [April, 

Imrricanc on the rocks of Bermudas. Durinof the followinof winter, 
while vessels were being constructed to resume their voyage, Buck, 
who had been a student at Oxford, was faitliful to his ordination 
vows. The " Lord's Day," as the first day of the week was called, 
was duly observed, and one Stephen Hopkins, a Puritan, supposed 
to have been afterwards one of the " ^May Flower" passengers, 
acted as lay-reader. Among the passengers was the celebrated 
John Kolfe, the earliest tobacco planter in Virginia, and his wife. 
While tarrying on the island, Mrs. Rolfe gave birth to a babe, which, 
in accordance with the forms of the Church of England, was bap- 
tized Bermudas. Nor was the marriage service disused. Thomas 
Powell, the cook of Sir George Somers, had fallen in love with one 
Elizabeth Persons, the servant of Mistress Horton, and the good 
chaplain pronounced " that they be man and wife together, in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." 

Toward the last of May, 1(310, the passengers arrived from 
Bermudas to find their fellow colonists at Jamestown on the verge 
of starvation. Upon their landing, the bell of the rude log-church 
was rung, and the emaciated and disheartened settlers assembled and 
listened to the " zealous and sorrowful prayer " of Mr. Buck. 

Two weeks later, to the joy of the suffering, Lord Delaware 
appeared in the James River with three ships. That nobleman in 
his narrative writes : " The 10th of June, being Sunday, I brought 
my ship, and in the afternoon went ashore, where, after a sermon 
made by Mr. Buck, Sir Thomas Gates his preacher, I caused my 
commission to be read, * * * There was not above one sow, 
that we can hear of, left alive, not a hen or chick in the fort, and 
our horses and mares they had eaten." Sir Thomas Dale, in May, 
1611, brought some new colonists, profane, riotous, and mutinous, 
and a supply of provisions " as hogs refused to eat." 

In these days of darkness the wife of the chaplain gave birth to 
a daughter. As the mother lay in her weakness, she could but con- 
trast her condition with the happy days of her childhood in Eng- 
land, and appreciate the feelings of the woman of Bethlehem when 
she said to her old friends, " Call me not Naomi, call me Mara, for 
the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. I went out full, 
and the Lord hath brought me home again empty." 

When the day came for the baptism of the first born of the minister 
of Jamestown parish, the infant, in view of the disheartening cir- 
cumstances of its birth, was appropriately named Mara. 

Three years elapse, and the good minister is jiresentcd with a son, 
and, remembering that when Moses was in JNIidian his wife " bare 
him a son and he called his name Gershom, for he said, I have been 
a stranger in a strange land," in sympathy with the great Hebrew 
lawgiver, he baptized the boy, born among the forests of Virginia, 
surrounded by Indians, Gershom. 

In two more years the cry of an infixnt is heard for the third 



1877.] JVbtes on American History. 149 

time in the glebe-liouse of Jamestown. Like Rachel, the wife "had 
hard labor," and she called the boy Benoni. As he began to toddle, 
there was no rollicking glee, the eyes had not the animation which 
the mother had noticed in those of Mara and Gershom in their early 
childhood ; and as he advanced in boyhood he could not number 
twenty, measure a yard of cloth, or rightly name the days of the 
week. By his birth a mysterious Providence caused the good min- 
ister to drink one more bitter cup, to have the unenviable distinc- 
tion of being the father of the first natural fool among the English 
speaking colonists of North America. " An idiot or natural fool," 
says Blackstone, " is one that hath no understanding from his 
nativity." 

John Rolfe, in 1616, describes Jamestown as having a population 
of fifty men, " whereof thirty-one are farmers, all these maintain 
themselves with food and raiment. Mr. Richard Buck minister 
there, a very good preacher." A year or two after this the old log 
church was so decayed that the inhabitants at their own expense 
built a new house of worship, of timber, twenty feet in breadth and 
fifty feet in length.^ In this building convened, on the 30th of July, 
1619, the first legislative assembly in America, composed of two 
burgesses from each plantation, freely elected by the inhabitants 
thereof, with power to make and ordain laws profitable for the Colony. 

The Journal of the Legislature states : " The most convenient 
place we could find to sitt in was the Quire of the Church, where 
Sir George Yeardley the Governor, being sett downe in his accus- 
tomed place, those of the Counsell of Estate sate next him, on both 
handes, excepte onely the Secretary then appointed Speaker, who 
sate right before him. * * * j^i^t forasmuche as men's affaires 
doe little prosper where God's service is neglected, all the Burgesses 
tooke their places in the Quire till a prayer was said by Mr. Bucke, 
the Minister, that it would please God to guide and sanctifie all our 
proceedings to his owne glory and the good of this Plantation. 
Prayer being ended, to the intente that as we had begun at God 
Almighty, so we might proceed w^^ awful and due respecte towards 
the Lieutenant, our most gratious and dread Soveraigne, all the 
Burgesses were intreatted to retyre themselves into the body of the 
Churche, w^'^ being done, before they were fully admitted, they were 
called in order, and by name, and so every man, none staggering at 
it, tooke the oathe of Supremacy, and tben entred the Assembly." 

The dividing of the colony into hundreds with the privilege of 
representation in the Assembly, gave new life to the inhabitants. 
Not long after this legislature adjourned, the good wife of Mr. Buck 
presented him with another son. Remembering that Eber, the 
Hebrew patriarch, called a son "Peleg, for in his days was the earth 

^ The present dilapidated churcli is the fourth built at Jamestown. The third, built of 
brick, was commenced in 1639, and in 1676 destroyed by fire. The edifice now in ruins was 
commenced after this period, on a new foundation. 



150 2^otes on American History, [April, 

divided" into separate families, tlio chaplain commemorated the 
Pelegging or dividing of Virginia into separate legislative districts, 
by baptizing his last child with the name of Peleg. 

Four years after the meeting of this first legislature, both the 
Rector and his wife had died. Early in the year 1G25 the children 
were living with some of the parishioners. Poor chattering Benoni 
and Peleg were cared for by Peter Langman and Mary his wife ; 
Mara lived with John and Bridget Burrows, and Gershom was at 
the plantation of one John Jackson. 

The last record of the minister's family is in 1637, when Ambrose 
Harmar petitioned the king of England relative to the care of 
" Benoni Buck an idiot, the first in that Plantation, son of Pichard 
Buck the late Minister, together with his poor estate, having had 
the tuition of him and his brother for thirteen years." 

The Widoio Jordan, 

Siselye Jordan is the quaint name of a young widow whose first 
husband, Samuel Jordan, gentleman, of Charles Hundred, had a 
plantation at Jordan's Journey, on the south side of the James 
Piver, not far from City Point. Cecilia or Cicely, wdien a little 
girl, only ten years of age, was brought, in A.D. 1610, in the ship 
Swan to Virginia, and when about twenty years old became the wife 
of Samuel Jordan, who owned four hundred and fifty acres, and 
in 161 9 w^as a member of the first Virginia leo:islature. At Fleurdieu 
Hundred, on the same side of the river at a short distance below, 
the Rev. Greville Pooley resided, who in 1622 came from England 
in the ship James. A few months after he settled in the New 
World he was called upon to visit his neighbor Samuel Jordan, who 
was dying. Three or four days after the funeral services, the grave 
clergyman proposed to the widow to take the place of her deceased 
husband, and thought his offer was accepted. 

But the adage that " there's many a slip between the cup and 
the lip," w^as verified in his case. In 1618 there had arrived in 
the ship Neptune, and settled near the Jordan plantation, A^'illiam 
Ferrar, whose name is perpetuated by Ferrar's Island, the neck of 
land opposite Henrico. At the time Cicely became a widow, he was 
about thirty years of age, and one of the most intelligent men in 
the colony. He was a relative, and supposed to have been the bro- 
ther of Nicholas Ferrar, the friend of the poet George Herbert, and 
of John Ferrar, the Deputy Governor of the Virginia Company 
of London. It became pleasant for him to walk over to the widow 
Jordan's and notice the children, Mary about three years of age, 
and ^Margaret an infant. In time, he proposed to marry the mother, 
and in the presence of the Governor and Council of Virginia she 
acknowlediicd her enfxai^cmcnt to him. 

Pooley the minister was inconsolable. Xot disposed tamely to 
submit, he went and told to the authorities liow he had courted 



1877.] JVbtes on Americaii History, 151 

Cicely immediately after her first husband's funeral, and declared 
that there was a flagrant breach of promise. The Council of the 
Colony felt it was too knotty a question for them to decide, and 
they referred it to the London Company. 

On the 24th of April, 1624, there was laid upon the table of 
the Virginia Company the depositions " touching the difference be- 
tween M^ Pooley and M*^^ Jourdan," and they were referred to Dr. 
Samuel Purchas, the eminent divine and chronicler, with instruc- 
tions '^ to confer with some civilians and advise what answer was 
fit to be returned in such a case." 

In January, 1625, a muster of the inhabitants of Jordan's Jour- 
ney was taken, and is called the "Muster of M*" William Ferrar 
and M'"'' Jordan," but we have no evidence as to the time of the 
marriage ceremony. Poor Pooley was then living at Piersey's Hun- 
dred, with two young indentured servants, but seems at length to 
have been married, and about the year 1629 to have met with a sad 
end. 

A letter written about this time to Sir Martin Stuterille, by Joseph 
Mead, states that "treacherous savages assaulted the house of one 
Mr. Pooley, a minister, and slew him and his family." 

Eleanor Phillips, 

Eleanor Phillips is the name of one of those living at West and 
Shirley Hundred, the region where the Union army rested after 
the battles at Malvern. We find just enough about her to stimulate 
our curiosity. At a meeting of the Virginia Company, held in 
London on the 5th of September, 1622, Nicholas Ferrar, the Dep- 
uty Governor, stated that he had received a warrant signed by 
sundry Lords of his Majesty's Privy Council, directed to the Com- 
pany, requiring one Dan. Francke, a reprieved malefactor, to be 
sent to Virginia, which Francke had consented to serve there one 
Eleanor Phillips, who intended to go over with him and pay his 
passage, and the Company ordered that he should be placed on 
board the ship Southampton, Capt. Chester, which was about to 
sail. 

A few months after he landed at Westover, we discover that 
Francke died, but no one knows why Eleanor Phillips was so inter- 
ested in his welfare. 

Alice Davison, 

Glancing down the list, we find Alice Davison, with the Latin 
word vidica opposite her name. The husband of this widow had 
been the Secretary of the Colony, and like George Sandys the Trea- 
surer, and his colleague, was a poet. He was the successor of 
the brilliant scholar and tippler John Pory, who had not carried 
himself well as an officer. Under the date of the 13th of June, 



152 I^otes on American Ilislory. [April, 

1021, tlicrc is the following entry in the transactions of the 
Virginia Company : 

" JVP Deputy moved to know their pleasure whether they would 
have ]\P Porey's commission renewed, or the j)lace to be supplied 
by another. Whereupon the Com[)any declaring their desire to make 
a change, there were four gentlemen j)roposed for the said place, 
* * * being all of them recommended, by worthy persons, for 
their honesty, sufficiency and experience in secretary affairs, but 
because no more than three could stand for the election, it was put 
to the question which three they would have nominated for that pur- 
pose, whereupon iNP Smith was dismissed, and the other three ap- 
pointed to stand for the election, who being all three put to the 
balloting box, choice was made of ]\P Davison, he having the ma- 
jority of balls, who being called in to take notice that the Secreta- 
ry's place was fallen upon him, did declare his thankful acknow- 
ledgment unto the Company, promising his best to answer their 
expectation of him." 

Davison died soon after the great Indian massacre in the spring 
of 1622, and at the time the census was taken his wife had been a 
vridow more than a year. Sir AVilliam Davison, Secretary of State 
under Queen Elizabeth, and friend of William Brewster the leader 
of the exiles in the May Flower, had three sons, Francis, Christo- 
pher and Walter, all of whom wrote verses. Christopher is the 
author of the following paraphrase of the 15th Psalm : 

*' Lord, in thy house, who shall forever bide? 
To whom, shall rest in sacred mount betide? 
Ev'n unto him tliat leads a life unstained. 
Doth good, and speaks the truth from heart unfeigned : 
Who with his tongue, deceit hath never used ; 
Nor neighbor hurt, nor slandered, nor accus'd ; 
Who, loving good men, is from bad estranged ; 
AVho keeps his word, though to his loss, unchanged. 
To usury who hath no money lent, 
Nor taken bribes against the innocent. 
Who in this course doth constantly persevere, 
In holy hill, unmoved, shall dwell for ever.*' 

JRev. David Sands, 

At Ilog Island, just below Jamestown, the Rev. David Sands, 
or Sandis, is marked in the census as a resident. lie came to Vir- 
ginia in 1620, and was probably a relative of Sir Edwin Sandys, 
the Governor of the Company, whose brother George was the trea- 
surer of the Colony. In July, 1624, we find him petitioning for 
relief from calumny derogatory to his profession. 

I2ev, Jonas Stockton, 

Among those enrolled at Elizabeth City were tfonas and Timothy 
Stockton, father and sou. Uotli arrived early in 1621, in the bhip 



1877.] Life and Times of Rev, Peter Bulheley. 153 

Bona Nova. The Eev. Jonas was about tliirty-six years of age 
when he came to Virginia, and his child Timothy was ten years old. 
For a time he supplied the place of Mr. Wickham at Henrico and 
Bermuda Hundred, but after the massacre he appears to have returned 
to Elizabeth City. 

The unreliable Captain John Smith, in his General History, pro- 
fessedly quotes from a letter of the Rev. Mr. Stockham, intended 
for Stockton, and makes him utter sentiments concerning the Indians, 
which the divine Richard Hakluyt had printed twenty years before 
Stockton saw the James River. 

In the preface to a translation from the Portuguese of a work 
entitled "Virginia richly valued," Hakluyt, in 1609, writes these 
words relative to the treatment of the Indians. 

"To handle them gently, while gentle courses may be found to 
serve, will be without comparison the best ; but if gentle polishing 
will not serve, the one shall not want hammerers and rough masons 
enow, I mean, our old soldiers trained up in the Netherlands, to 
square and prepare them to our preachers' hands." 



SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND TIMES OF THE 
REV. PETER BULKELEY. 



w 



By Anna Maria Fay, of New York City. 

HEN the conformino^ Puritans of the Church of Eno-land 
attempted to found, in the wilderness of the New World, an 
ideal government in Church and State, one of the most earnest of 
their number in this high endeavor, was the subject of this memoir, 
the founder and first seer of Concord. "He was," says President 
Stiles, " a masterly reasoner in theology, and equal to the first 
characters in all Christendom and in all ages." A history of his life 
may not be uninteresting, while it may serve to revive the memory 
of a noble but forgotten worthy of New England. 

The Rev. Peter Bulkeley came of an ancient lineage \_ante, xxiii. 
299] . He was descended from Peter, the second son of Robert, Lord 
of Bulclogh, in the reign of Edward III., and Nicola or Nicolaus, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Bird, of Woore, Salop. His father, 
the Rev. Edward Bulkeley, D.D., was a moderate nonconformist and 
a learned Divine. He wrote the supplement to Fox's "Acts and 
Monuments of the Martyrs," and became rector of All Saints 
Church, Odell, Bedfordshire, in 1558. Odell, with its beautiful 
church and its castle already in ruins, was situated in a bend of the 
Ouse, a river, so tortuous in its course, that Fuller describes it "as 
more meandrous than Meander." The county was rich and fertile, 
and famous for its crops of barley. Here too were freshly disman- 

VOL. XXXI. 14 



15-1 Life and Times of Rev. Peter Bullceley, [April, 

tied monastic liouscs, and castles scarcely divested of the splendors 
of a fading feudalism. 

Amid such surroundings, Peter Bulkeley was born January 31, 
lf)82— 3. Nothing is known of his childhood, except that Ave are told 
by Mr. Cotton ]\lathcr "that his education was answerable unto his 
originall ; it was learned, it was genteel, and which was the top of 
all, it w^as very pious." He was sent to Si. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, when about IG years old ; and while a junior bachelor was 
chosen fellow. At this time the University was rife with the Calvinistic 
teachings brought home from Geneva by Cartwright, and divisions 
in opinion and discrepancies in dress were everywhere apparent. 
Mr. IJulkeley remained at the University until 1G08, and then 
returned to Odcll, wdiere he succeeded to the possession of his 
estates and to the rectorship of the Parish. About the year 1613, 
he married Jane, daughter of Thomas Allen, of Goldington, and 
became in course of time the father of a truly patriarchal family. 
Twenty years were passed by him in the practice of a mild noncon- 
formity, protected by his diocesan, the famous Williams, bishop of 
Lincoln. But with the growing impositions upon the Puritans, he 
became " a thundering preacher and made many converts to the new 
doctrines." In the meantime Bishop Williams had lost the favor of 
Laud and had been sent to the Tower, and the fame of Mr. Bulkeley's 
preaching coming to the ears of the archbishop, he was silenced by 
the vicar general. Sir Nathaniel Brent. The days of his usefulness 
were henceforth at an end, unless he sought, in common with many 
of his brethren, a fresh field of labor in the New World. Accord- 
ingly in 1G34, he sent out his eldest son Edward in advance, while 
he himself prepared to follow with the rest of his family. His wife 
having died, he married again about this time, Grace, daughter of 
Sir Kichard Chetwode, and converting his property into money, 
embarked with three of his sons in the Susan and Ellen, May 9, 1635. 
His wife and a portion of the family had preceded him by one day 
in the Ann and Elizabeth. Thus, at the age of fifty, ]Mr. Bulkeley 
left the old home and took up the staf!' of the stranger and pilgrim, 
"because," says Mr. ]\Iather, "of the concern his renewed soul had 
for the free worship of the Lord Christ, and for the planting of 
Evangelical Churches in which to exercise that worship." 

]Mr. Bulkeley and his family probably reached Boston about the 
first of July, and proceeded to Newtown, or Cambridge, where, 
perhaps, his son, already become a freeman of the colony, may have 
been prepared to receive them into some sort of temporary home. 
It is highly probable that Mr. Bulkeley had come to this country 
with the intention of bcmnninir ii new settlement at Muskctaquid. 
There is a tradition that the plan was formed in England, but on so 
large a scale, that it necessarily required the co-operation of persons 
already in the colony. Musketaquid, although " far up in the woods," 
when seen through the illusive haze of descriptions sent to England 



1877.] Liife and Times of Rev , Peter Bullceley, 155 

must have appeared to Mr. Bulkeley endowed with all the charms 
of a primeval Odell. There were the same upland plains, the same 
extensive meadows, and again a lovely valley and a sluggish winding 
river. But there was a contrast between the cultivated barley fields 
of Bedfordshire, its historic homes and their picturesque beauty and 
human interests, and the rude tillage of the Indians, their squalid 
huts and savage habits. The grant to begin a town at Musketa- 
quid, says Governor Winthrop, was made to Mr. Bulkeley and 
other families. Mr. Bulkeley had brought with him many 
farmers, probably his old tenants, and Mr. Johnson, in his 
" Wonder Working Providence," gives a history of the sad pilgrim- 
age of the emigrants to the future Concord. He describes how they 
made their way through unknown woods, through watery swamps, 
through thickets their hands must tear open that their bodies may 
pass. Then how they come to scorching plains where their feet and 
legs are torn by ragged bushes, until the blood trickles down at every 
step. After such toilsome days, they rest on the rocks, "when the 
night takes them," having no repast but a pittance of bread. 
Finally they reach the desired haven, and here they burrow in the 
earth under the hillside and build some sort of temporary shelter for 
their wives and little ones. Such are some of the hardships by 
which Concord was acquired. The land was purchased from the 
Indians at the house of Mr. Bulkeley in the autumn of 1635. It 
was a tract of land six miles square, of which IMr. Bulkeley 's house 
was the centre, and for which Captain Simon Willard and Mr. 
Spencer paid a parcel of wampumpeage, hatchets, hoes, knives, 
cotton-cloth and shirts. 

It was said by Mr. Stoughton, that "God sifted a whole nation 
that he might send choice grain over into this Wilderness." If 
this w^ere true of the general wilderness of New England, it was 
especially true of Concord. Not only were her founders men of 
learning and piety, they were also men of energy and some of them 
men of wealth. Mr. Bulkeley brought with him £6,000, and 
Thomas Flint £4,000. "Here," says Mr. Mather, "he [Mr. 
Bulkeley] buried a great Estate, while he raised one for almost 
every one whom he employed in the affairs of his husbandry. He had 
many and godly servants, whom after they had lived with him a fit 
number of years, he still dismissed with bestowing farms, and took 
others to succeed them in his service and his kindness. Thus lie cast 
his bread upon the waters, not expecting the return of this his charity 
to a religious plantation until after man}^ days." But the substan- 
tial advantages which seemed to open so bright a future to Mr. 
Bulkeley and his people, soon disappeared before the difficulties which 
beset them. In the poor wigwams, which they were compelled to 
inhabit until they could provide themselves more comfortable dwell- 
ings, they suffered incalculably from the severities of the climate. 
The land had to be cleared for cultivation, and when this arduous work 



156 Life and Times of Rev. Peter Bulheley, [April, 

was accompllslicd, the poor soil of the uplands did not reward their 
toil ; the Hoods of the river destro}'ed wliat crops the meadows pro- 
duced, and they were forced "to cut their })read very thin for a long 
season." The men of wealth fared no better than the poor, owing 
to their more delicate nurture. Some had put all their money into 
cattle, upon which the rough fodder told so disastrously that at the 
end of a year or two most of them had perished. Their sheep suffered 
equally, and wolves devoured their swine. They lost their horses, and 
"many an honest gentleman had to travell afoot," says the chronicle, 
" and some even perished with extreme heat in their travells." Tlieir 
health suffered from the want of the finer grains of England ; their 
only meat was venison and raccoon bought from the Indians. They 
were depressed by the loneliness of the situation, as the river afforded 
no conveyance to the sea, and until roads could be made they were 
obliged to travel the rough Indian paths bare-foot and bare-legged, 
while at every turn the red man was a haunting presence. Never- 
theless they were not without their mercies and consolations. If the 
loaf was scant, " verily the edge of their appetite was greater for 
spirituall duties at their first coming in time of wants than afterwards." 
If meat failed, was not a great store offish sent them in the spring 
time? And assuredly when the Lord created Indian corn, had he 
not "a speciall eye to supply these his people's wants wdth it, for 
ordinarily 5 or 6 grains doth produce GOO." In their poor wigwams 
was heard the voice of prayer and praise to God, and they had 
the saintly Bulkeley always with them to cheer, to sustain, and to 
guide them. Undismayed by trials and terrors, undaunted by dis- 
appointment and failure, the work of organization went on, and the 
summer after Mr. Bulkeley's arrival finds him returning with Mr. 
Jones to Cambrido^e to organize the church at Concord. The 2^0 v- 
ernor, Mr. Yane, and the deputy governor, Mr. Winthrop, though 
invited, did not attend, as the Concord ministers had neglected to 
consult previously the colonial authorities. 

On the 6th of April, 1637, the church kept a day of humiliation at 
Cambridge, preparatory to the ordination of Mr. Bulkeley as teacher, 
and jNIr. Jones as pastor of the church at Concord. Delegates came 
from all parts of the country ; but owing to the religious dissen- 
sions which had begun to distract the young colony, governor Vane, 
the Rev. Messrs. Cotton and Wheehvriirht, and the rulino; elders of 
the Church in Boston absented themselves. For Mr. Ihilkelcy was 
one of the party called Legalists, who w^ere held to advocate a Cov- 
enant of Works, while their opponents Avere adherents of the Cov- 
enant of Grace. Mr. Cotton was an old friend of INIr. Bulkeley, 
a graduate of the same University, as well as a ])resbvter of the same 
diocese in England. He was a leader of the po[)ular party in 
Boston, and to some extent favored the teachings of i\Irs. Anne 
Hutchinson and Mr. A\nieelwri<Tht. Mr. Bulkeley was on the other 
hand unsparing in his condemnation of Mrs. Hutchinson, and calls 



1877.] Life and Times of Rev, Peter Bulheley, 157 

her "that Jezabell whom the Devill sent over thither to poison 
these American Churches with her depths of Satan, which she has 
learned in the schools of the Familists." Mr. Bulkeley had written 
Mr. Cotton very earnestly on the subject of the controversy, but 
Cotton, while singularly amiable and kind to those who differed 
from him, held very stoutly to his own opinions and could not be 
persuaded to be present at the ordination. Yet it seems not to have 
interfered with their friendship ; for in this very letter, Mr. Bulkeley 
responds to Mr. Cotton's complaint of the want of brotherly love 
he had experienced. "I doe confesse," says Mr. Bulkeley, "I have 
found as little towards myself as ever I did in any place God brought 
me unto. It is the place I have desired to show love unto for His 
sake, who has set his name here, and yet I have found so many 
strangnesses, alienations, and so much neglect from some who would 
formerly have visited me, yet will they pass by my dore as if I were 
a man they had not knowne, that I have sometimes wondered what 
the cause of the change could be, whether in myself or in them. 
Kemembring myne own love and respect unto yourself, I hartily 
desire you to lay aside all jealousy concerning the same, assuring 
you before Him, who knov/eth our hfearts, that my soule is knit 
with you as it hath been (in some measure) ever since God brought 
me in acquaintance with you, though in some things I have diiFerence 
in apprehension and of judgment." 

A great Ecclesiastical Council was called at Cambridge, Aug. 30, 
1637, to deliberate upon the differences of opinion which had wrought 
all the tumult. Of this council, Mr. Bulkeley and Mr. Hooker of 
Hartford were chosen moderators. "There were," says Mr. Mather, 
"five questions offered unto that great man (Mr. Cotton), unto 
which questions he gave ans'wers ; unto these answers the synod gave 
replies ; unto these replies he gave returns ; unto these returns the 
synod gave rejoinders, till their collisions fetched I know not whether 
more lio-ht or love unto one another." Nevertheless Mr. Mather had 
"a vehement suspicion" that both parties were really of one mind, and 
that all their "heretications" grew out of the inability of either party 
to see both sides of a question. Finally eighty-tw^o opinions were 
declared heretical, and Mr. Cotton contented himself with saying "that 
he disrelished all those opinions and expressions as being, some of 
them heretical, some of them blasphemous, some of them erroneous, 
and all of them incongruous." The covenant adopted by the church 
of Concord bears evident traces of Mr. Bulkeley 's hand. It was 
no statement of doctrine, but a simple binding of themselves to one 
another "to walke henceforth as becometh the people of God." 

After this event Mr. Bulkeley appeared no more in public life, but 
confined himself to his duties at Concord. He retained, however, a 
deep interest in the general affairs of the country, and kept up an 
active correspondence with Mr. Cotton and the Rev. Mr. Shepard of 
Cambridge. He writes to Mr. Cotton, "I lose much in this retired 

VOL. XXXI. 14* 



158 Liife and Times of Rev, Peter Bullceley, April, 

Wilderness in which I live, but the Lord will at last lighten my can- 
dle. In the meanwhile help us with some of that which God hath 
imparted unto you." He deplores in another letter the evils of the 
times, and says, "I am persuaded that except there be some means 

used to change the course of things our churches will grow more 

corrupt day by day, and tumult will arise hardly to be settled." In 
addition to the vexatious religious questions of the day, women were 
beG^innincc to claim their ricfhts in Concord. He asks of Mr. Cotton 
"how to act when a sister takes offence against a brother." Whether 
she has the same liberty as a brother to deal with the offending bro- 
ther. The good man is perplexed by the dangers of an affirmative 
decision ; "for there being neither male nor female in the Lord," he 
ears the allowing the sister to call a brother in question may end 
in giving the woman power over the man. 

In the meantime the trials and discouragements at Concord con- 
tinued to increase rather than abate. The disastrous floods of 
the river, and the unrewarded tillage of the land, drove many to 
^eek new homes, and some even returned to England. A difficulty 
occurred also between Mr. Bulkeley and Mr. Jones, which resulted 
in the departure of the latter for Connecticut, accompanied by many 
members of the little church. Amid the divisions and strifes which 
shattered the fair ideal of theocratic rule, Mr. Bulkeley was neither 
embittered nor cast down. He was wont to give three good reasons 
for being consoled in such trials. He learned, first, "to know more 
of God ; second, to know more of men ; and third, to know more of 
himself." Only thirty families were left in Concord after the depar- 
ture of Mr. Jones. Mr. Bulkeley had always taken a deep interest 
in the Indians, and about this time, by his influence and exertions, 
they were permitted to live within the limits of the town, but under 
%^ery strict regulations. 

A chronicler of the time draws a beautiful and graphic picture of 
the venerable exile of Odell, in the last days of his pilgrimage 
through the earthly to the heavenly city. The little town was 
built under the protection of a sunny bank, and all the houses faced 
on one long straight street. Here with close cut hair and clad with 
scrupulous care in the strict habit of the Puritan divine, "the rever- 
end, grave, and godly Mr. Bulkeley" might be seen on the round of 
his daily duty, going from house to house to instruct the young, 
and watching with pastoral care over the elders of his flock. When 
through growing infirmities he could no longer make visits, he 
endeavored, by "a winning but prudent familiarity," to draw his 
people to come and sit with him, when with graceful ease he turned 
every topic to some profitable lesson, so that none ever left his 
presence that they did not take with them "some holy, serious, 
divine, and useful thought." With such reverence did his people 
regard him, that neither the occasional irritability produced by 
suffering and the infirmities of age, nor the severity of his denun- 
.ciations against sins less venial in his eyes than in those of a younger 



1877.] Life and Times of Rev, Peter Bullceley. 159 

and less rigid generation, could diminish their love and veneration 
for him. And this sentiment was not peculiar to his own people, 
but throughout the country he was equally respected and beloved, 
especially by all the ministers, who were in the habit of addressing 
him "as a father, a prophet, and a councillor." He introduced the old 
English custom of catechizing the young people publicly in the 
church after the afternoon service. His preaching was remarkably 
energetic and powerful, and of a most persuasive eloquence. He 
was in the habit of preaching a series of sermons on a particular 
text or book ; and in this way the whole of his Treatise on " the Gospel 
Covenant " was first preached to his own people soon after his arrival 
at Concord. So greatly was it admired, that he repeated it at their 
request. It was among the first books written in New England that 
were printed. It went through several editions in England. It was 
not only a very clear and logical argument in the great controversy 
of the time, but it was also a statement of the Puritans' grounds for 
desiring to establish a theocracy. His knowledge of the scripture, 
both in the original and in the various translations, was profound. 
He was always ready to assist any youth in obtaining an education, 
and beside other donations gave a portion of his library to Harvard 
College. To the end of his life he enjoyed the resources of scholar- 
ship, and continued to write Latin verse, at which he had a "com- 
petently good stroke." As old age grew upon him, his only fear 
was of outliving his usefulness, and during an illness in 1657 he 
composed an epigram which we give as a specimen of his Latinity. 
The kind hand of a friend enables us to subjoin in English its simple 
and pious thought. 

Pigra senectiitis jam venit inutilis aetas ; 

Nil aliud nunc sum quam fere pondus iners. 
Da tamcn, Alme Deus, dum vivam, vivere laudi 

iEternum sancti Nominis usque Tui. 
Ne vivam (moriar potius!) nil utile agendo ; 

Finiat opto magis mors properata dies. 
Vel doceam in Sancto Coetu Tua verba salutis, 

Ca3lestive canam Cantica sacra Choro ! 
Seu vivam moriarve, Tuus sim, Cliriste, quod uni 

Debita vita mea est, debita morsque Tibi ! 

'Old age with idle days hath come ; naught else 

But useless weight I seem. Yet grant, Great God, 

While I do live, my life may be a praise 

Unceasing and a glory to thy holy name ! 

May I not live and pay no service meet, 

But rather death soon end my fruitless years ! 

Among thy saints on earth I would declare 

Thy words of life, or sing thy praise above. 

In life, in death may I be thine, O Clu-ist ! 

My life is thine alone and thine my death. 

Two years more of usefulness were granted him, in which he 
was able to preach and to attend to the duties of his ministry. He 
died at Concord, March 9, 1658-9, in the 77th year of his age, and 
"was translated," says Mr. Mather, "into regions which afford 
nothing but concord and glory." 



IGO Letter of Mrs, Susan Redington, [April, 



LETTER OF MRS. SUSAN REDIXGTON, CONCERNING 

THE ESTATE OF HER BROTHER, REV. JOSEPH 

WATfE, OF SPROUGHTON, ENGLAND. 

Communicated by Deloraixe P. Corey, Esq., of Maiden, Mass. 

WE are indebted to Henry F. Waters, Esq., of Salem, for the 
following letter, from Essex Co. Court Papers, Liber 27 : 
folio 143. Its recipient, Robert Lord, of Ipswich, was clerk of the 
courts of that county ; and to that circumstance we doubtless owe its 
preservation. As it is a private letter, and has no apparent connec- 
tion with other papers on tlie files, it probably came into its present 
position by accident. Had its owner found it, it might have been 
lost to us, and the information it gives have never reached us. Robert 
Lord, according to the late Rev. Dr. Felt, married Mary Waite,^ 
and died April 21, 1683. Candler's pedigree of \yard informs us 
that Mary, eldest child of Samuel and Mary (Ward) Waite, of 
Wethcrsfield, co. Essex, Eng., married Robert Lord.^ Susan 
Redington, the writer of the letter, was the Susan Waite of the 
Candler pedigree. The wdll referred to was that of the Rev. Joseph 
Waite, rector of Sproughton, in Suffolk, a brother of the writer, 
who died June 29, 1()70.^ His wife was "Margaret, daughter of 
Matthew Lawrence, Towne preacher of Ipswich," and her death, in 
June, 1675,'' caused her husband's estate to pass into the hands of 
trustees, as provided in his will. Col. Joseph L. Chester, of London, 
in a letter to the Editor of the Register, has kindly given the follow- 
ing abstract of the will : 

The Will of 'Joseph Waite, of Sproughton, co. Suffolk, Clerk,' dated 7 
June, 1GG9, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 11 Sept., 
1G71, by his relict JMargaret. His bequests were as follows: to my dear 
and honored mother, Mrs. Judith Lawrence, £10 ; to my loved sister Mary 
Lawrence, £40. at marriage. All the residue of my estate to my wife 
Manmret for life, and after her death my house and lands at Framlingliam, 
CO. Suffolk, to my loving cousin Mr. Samuel Golty, of Ipswich, Clerk, and 
my loving brother Mr. Thomas Whiting, of Hadleigh, draper, as trustees, 
to be sold by them (the same cost me £5 Go.), ancl the proceeds divided 
equally among 'my naturall brothers and sisters then surviveing in old 
Eufdand or in New, or to the heirs of each of them.' 

o 

A few foot-notes are added to the letter. 

' Ili.-tory of Ipswich, p. 07. 

2 l)i>;in's Mem. of Natliiiniol Ward. p. 12:). 

3 Cliuli's Ipswieli, ]). 354; Demi's Ward, nt supra* 
* Candler; Dean's Ward, ut supra. 



1877.] Letter of Mrs. Susan Reding ton. 161 

To My Deare Brother Robert Lord at 

Ipswich in New England This 

Dear Brother and sister kind our wills presented unto you and your children 
and grand children hoping and wishing your temporall and spirituall wellfare, 
wee receiued yours dated in July with your leter of aturny and note for 
your goods and its no small trouble to us that we can now only send you 
words in answer to it so it is the Reason we canot giue you, for still there is 
nothing don by the trustees, for all our going and sending nothing but it 
shall be don very speedily I suppose M' Paine^ can giue you a better 
acount of things then I he haueing bin so long at Ipswich, we haue sent you 
a copy of the will yet we heer cossen Golty^ hath sent one we could never 
get it till now: I supose it is somwhat disputable wether Broth Sam^ 
children will haue a share by Reason of y* word then surviueing yet me 
thinks I should be glad they might though poor Joseph yet remains a pro- 
digall, yet we would hope not all so bad as formerly, we shall do what we 
can in it, though not by m^ paine yet by the first opertunity we can, we 
heard by sister Bill'* from you that the lord hath taken our dear cossen 
Mary out of this sinfull world, we long to heer how it (is) with you in 
reference to your war,* and though as yet the sword is at quiet amongst 
us, we are in a very sad confussed condition and sin growes to a desperate 
height without controwl our parliament is mett once againe what the lord 
will do for us by them we know not, we may well say lord help us for 
vaine is the help of man o y* we could look to him as we ought f so far as 
I know our relations are well, cossen Hellen had 2 boys at a birth about 
decemb last but both dead. Broth Bill hath had a thistilo in his face tis 
we hope in a way of cure, I purpose this night to write to cossin Golty 
once more to hasten the bisiness, to the lord I comit you my time to write 
being very short and rest yo'" loueing sister 

March 2 1676-7 Susan Redington 

Pray present our kind loues to broth John^ and wife to whom I canot 
now write pray send me word which of the parkers widows she was 

^ Perhaps of the family of Robert Paine, of Ipswich, N. E., treasurer of Essex Co., who 
is supposed to have been a native of Suffolk; and who married Ann, dau. of John Whit- 
ing of Hadleigh, in that county. {Savage.) It may be noticed in this connection that *' my 
loving brother Mr. Thomas Whiting of Hadleigh " was one of the trustees. Hadleigh is 
about ten miles from Ipswich. 

2 Samuel Golty, of Ipswich, Eng., one of the trustees, and probably son of Rev. Richard 
Golty, rector of Framlingham, and his wife Deborah, dau. of the Rev. Samuel Ward, of 
Ipswich. (See Candler in Dean's Ward, p. 125.) 

^ Samuel Waite, eldest son of Samuel and Mary Waite, of Wethersfield {Candler, ut 
supra), vi\\o married Helen Crosse; and who, it appears, was now deceased, leaving issue, 
of whom was the '* prodigall " Joseph. Perhaps John Crosse, who, with wife Anne, was a 
passenger in the " Elizabeth of Ipswich," in 1634, and who is found at Ipswich in N. E., 
the next year, was a relative of his wife. 

^ Perhaps Anne, the fifth child of Samuel and Mary Waite. Anne and Hannah, it is well 
known, were interchangeable names. Philip Bill, presumed son of John and Dorothy Bill, 
and brother of James and Thomas of Boston, was born about 1620, and was in Ipswich, 
N. E., 1663-68. In the latter year he removed to Pulling Point, then in Boston, now in 
Winthrop, and soon after to "New London, where he died. He had wife Hannah, who 
afterwards married Samuel Bucknell, or Buckland. {Bill Gen., p. 55, et seq.) 

^ Philip's War, which had closed with the death of Philip in the preceding August. 

6 The writer conveys in a few words a lively impression of the state of popular feeling 
in England at that time. These were the days when the people wei'e distracted by jealousies 
of the court and fears of the Romish party. Rumors were exaggerated, and the wars on the 
continent were, in anticipation, brought to their own doors. 

' Capt. John Waite, of Maiden, whose wife Mary, dau. of Joseph Hills, of Maldon, co. 
Essex, Eng., and Maiden, N. E., died Nov. 25, 1674; and who had married, Aug. 4, 1675, 



162 JSTew Hampshire Manuscripts, [April, 

Deare sister I thank you for your letter and as to sister AbigaiP^ her 
second match she hath a very loueing carefull husband who I hope minds 
the best things though we shouhl be glad to se more hoj)es of the maine in 
him ; we beg your prayers that we and ours may be the lords, inabled to do 
and suffer his will 

I thank you for my childrens tokens though they yet liaue them not 



NEW HAMPSHIKE MANUSCRIPTS. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

THE following letters and documents came some years since into 
my possession. They relate to the old difficulty of Lieut. - 
Grov. John Usher. ^ The documents which follow the letter of 
Nathaniel Fryer, are in the same enclosure with William Eedford's 
letter which follows them. 

Boston 3<^ OctoV 1694. 
Sr: 

I herew*^ inclose a Letf directed to yo'" selfe & Counsill w*^^ when 
perused Seal, & afterwards communicate to y^ Counsill. 

upon receiptt of these lines be pleased to call y^ Council! & when they mete 
you are to ord"* y*^ Secretary to read y® Letf, when read doe you onely pro- 
pose to y^ Councill to know whatt may be prop^ 

if they will engaige to comply as proposed well : if they propose to call 
an assembly ; you may wane concerning therein untill you know my minde 
butt w^^all you may acquaintt yem if itt be there desire to haue an assem- 
bly, if they think good to send a Lett^ from y" board to my Selfe desireing 
an assembly to be called : thatt I haue signifyed to you I shall be redy to 
giue my advice, & come to y^ province to doe those things w'^^ may be proper 
for the Coe^ and yer*^ Majty^ Service : if they decline sending to me, you may 
acquaint them I ordered you nott to call an assembly in my absence w^^outt 
further orde*"^ & directions from my Selfe, w*^^ I now doe. you must be upon 
yo"" Guard, & shall advise you nott to run upon many matf® leastt y*^ Same 
proue prejudiciall. I writt nott by y° lastt poste to you by reason I was 
outt of Town & fryday before I reed: yo"^ Lett". 

Sarah, widow of JacolD Parker, of Chelmsford. {Candler^ tit supra ; Ref/ister, xxvi. 82, 
xxxi. 111. Probably "the Parkers" were acquaintances of the Waite family wliile in 
England. 

^ A younger sister. The Candler pedigree gives another, still younger, sister, Snrnh. 
One of these was prol)ably wife of Thomas Whiting, of Hadleigh, the " loving brother " 
of the will. There was also a brother, Thomas, not mentioned in tliis letter. Tliomns Waite, 
of Ipswieli in 1658, if not earlier, may have been ihis l)rothcr. I think that he was dead, 
or had removed from Ipswich, at the date of the letter, and tliat Mr. Savage has confounded 
him with a younger man, wi)cn he speaks of him as living in 1678. The other Thomas Waite, 
who appears in Essex Court Pai)ers, aged 21 in 1672, may have been his son. Can some ot 
our Essex antiquaries throw liglit ui)on tlie earl^v generations of the Waitcs of Ipswich ? 

2 A genealogy of tlie Uslicr Family, giving tlie ancestry and descendants of Lieut. -Gov- 
ernor Usher, is printed in the Ukoistku, vol. xxiii. pp. 410-l.S. For an account of his 
administration of the New Hampshire government, 1692-9(), see lU'lknap's Ilistorv of New 
Ilanipshire, vol. i. ]))). 288-301. The Minutes of the Council of New Hampsiiire during 
tliat period are ])rintcd in tlie Proviucial Papers of New Hampshire, edited by the Rev. 
Nathaniel Bouton, D.I)., vol. ii. pp. 7U-202. Ediiou. 



1877.] New Hampshire Manuscripts, 163 

gr y^xa pijjpg arriued butt noe greatt news my Service to all 

ffriends I remain S"^ yo" 

Jn° Usher. 

[No address. Endorsed " Let' o' Octob' to | Cap" ffryer."] 

Newcasll October 15: 94. 
honrd S*" 

Yours of the 3 of October I Rescued wth the Inclosed to our 
Counsell And Accordingly did Call the Counsell But the hamton min did 
not Com But I sent for them Agine Last friday : then the All Cam : only 
m'' Walldon was taken sick : then we had many words together About my 
Being presedent : the wich you will haue A larg Acompt of it By m^ Red- 
ford Letter for : I did order him to Giue you A trou Acompt of All 
our Acting But the next day the ware more compliabll And As your 
honre will see By m*" Redfords Letter And As were forward to haue An 
asembly spedely to that End the All did desier Another meting the next 
tusday Com and so then I told them it might dew well to send for your 
honner to Be with us, ther Anser was that your honner know your one 
Bisnes : that is to Com when you pleas; S'' I shall Be Glad to see you hear 
And hop your honre will Com : S"^ the most of the Counsell Ar throwly 
conuinsed theat I was presedent And Comander In Chef In your Absence 
As to m^ Cofen was the most forward of Ane to own it And Spak up to it 
more than Any of the Rest : the Rest your honer shall haue At foull when 
your honer Comes. yours to serue 

Nath ffryer. 

[Addressed — " For th Honour^^^ | John Usher Esq. | their Maj' Lieut° 
Gouern' | of the Prouince N Hamps' | Present | for their Maj^ Seruice."] 

Jn°: Usher Esq'^ L**: Govern^: & Comand^': in Cheife of their Majes*^: Pro- 
vince New Hampsh'": Whereas on the 10*^ of August last I layd before this 
board that Cap*: Jn°: Long and Cap*: Jn*^: West did arrive in this his Majes*' 
Goverm*: on the 8"^ & 9*^ of August last, and that they had not made a 
reporte or Entry of their Vessell, w*^ him the sd L": Govern*" and none 
apointed by him, accordinge to Acts 15 Caro : 11 though required by the s** 
L": Govern'^: of the s^ Respective psons so to doe, & haveing gieven Notice to 
Phesaut Eastwick & ordered him to make seisure of s^ ships, w*^^ to this day 
have no acco": is done, and being Informed the s*^ Masters w*'^ their Ships 
are desirous to have their dispatch from these parts : I doe therefore now 
declare to you Gentlemen of the Councill & to the Judges of the Province, 
that the above s^ Masters have not Entred w*^ my self, nor none apointed 
by me to this day w'^^^ is a breach of the Act of 15 Caro : 11 doe therefore 
demand of this Board & you Judges to doe that w^^^ may be proper, that 
their Majes*^: Laws may be Salved and preserved & the Hon'": of the 
Goverm*: Maintaind 

Jn": Usher. 

At a Councill at New Castle 9. b"": 10 : 94 

Upon Information from the L* Govern' to this board that the Masters 

of the ^last Ships have not yet entred their ships according to the Acts of 15 

Caro : 1 1 : he demanded of them their advice and Councill what was prop- 

per to be don. Declared that it Concerned not the Councill but the L* 



164 j^ew Hampshire Manuscripts, [April, 

Govern'" might Isue out his Warrants for seisure of any ship that had broaken 
the Acts of Trade. 

The L": Govern"": Demanded what Officer (m"" Eastwick had Refused) 
should Execute the Warrant, 

Ansvv'^ Any Officer that was propper for that service of the 16: your 
Hon'^: has : 

at a Councill at New Castle 
Present Novemb"^ 25 : 1694 

Nath^^ Fryar Presid*: 
Rob* Elliott \ ^ W- Vaughan ) ^ 

Peter Coffin j ^^^ ' Rich'^ Waldron j ^^^ * 

Whereas Geo Long: Jn°: Long & Jn°: West have made farther 
application to this board, that notwithstanding the Counciles answer to their 
last Adress, the Mast ships Laden with their Majest^ Stores, are still by the 
Officers Impowred by the L^*: Govern^^: warrant continued under seisure, 
and whereas signification has been given to the L": Govern'": that the seisure 
was made Contrary to our Opinion gieven him in Councill : But if he saw 
Cause to prosecute the same, we left it to him to take such measures therein 
as to him should seem meet, but by his Answer finding no order for prose- 
cuting the same seisure, and nothing apearing to us, but that the Masters of 
the mast ships have done their duty as the Law requires — 

Ordered that the s*^ Ships : Viz : the Suply, Jn° Long m'": & the Firr 
Tree Jn°: West Masf: be forthwith freed from their seisure, and have Liberty 
of proceeding on their Vioage, & All Officers concerned therein are to take 
Notice thereof & to Conforme themselves thereto accordingly : 

Novemb'" 13: 1694. 

Province of ] 

New Hamp: J By vertue of a warrant from und'" the hand & Seal 

of the Hon'"''^^^: Jn'': Usher Escf : L": Govern'': of their Majest^ Province New 
Hampsh':, bearing date the 10*^ of this Ins*: Noveml/: Willing & Requiring 
m'^ Rich^ Jose Sherife to make seisure of the Ship Suply Jn° Long Master, 
w*^ her tackle & furniture for Breach of Act of Parlim*: 15 Caro: 2: in not 
entring w*^- the Govern^: nor any apointed by him according as s^ Act re- 
quires, I have made seisure of s*^ Ship according to s^ Warrant, A Copie 
whereof I delivered to Jn° Long master & being no Otherwise capable to 
secure s*^ ship w*^: her Apurtinances : did give acco" of my diligence & dis- 
charg of the Trust Reposed in me unto Nath^^ Fryar Esq"* Presid* of the 
Councill, prayeing him to give Notice to the Officers of their Majest^ Cus- 
tomes, & Cap* of the Fourt at N Castle, & also went my Self to every one 
of them that so the s"^ ship Suply should be Stopd : until Delivered by due 
Course of Law : this was done Novemb'^ 13 : 1G94. By me 

RiCH*^ Jose Sherife. 

Portsm'^ Decemb'^: 5*^ 1694 
Hon^i S-" 

By m"" Mason I Rec*^ yours Dated Boston 9br 28*^ Last Your lettei-s 
w*^'^ I sent back should have been forwarded, had I heard any thing of them, 
but Knew Nothing until I came upon Sab^' night : am Sorrie it hapned so : 
I marvill myne w*^ the miunitts Miscarried : what yo'^ llon^ Rote for I have 



1877.] ITew Hampshire Manuscri2')ts, 165 

sent : The Gentlemen here have Sett 2 dayes about passing acco"* have not 
finished, adjornd till the Eleventh Inst: have moved for Com icons for Exe- 
ter, but not yet Resolvd thay finde it difficultt to raise Amunition & Provi- 
sions for the Sould" Maj" Vaughan not Satisfied w^^^ your Hon" Coiriand^; is 
strengthened by powers from y^selves to Call the Officers : to advise for 
better defence of the Province w*^^ was done, but yet not Resolved w* to doe 
w"^ the rest of the men : 

To Raise a Guard when he shall ride to Visit the Frontiers &c : to be 
payd out of the Treasury for Expenses oute : 

Maj^ V : & Packer had a great quarrell at the meeting but P abated him 
not an ace: Packer doth not C^CyTc^^i^) I^^ Refusing the Comission : 

m"^ Atkinson hath his Comission, I drew the C^byS*^) '^^ English & signed 
by your Order dating it the ("^Cfs^af ) 9 ^'^ 

There being no Harmony between yo"" Hon"" & Councill Creates Officers 
great many Troubles : here is much Talke ab* New Comissions to Packer 
<fc my Selfe, w^^ to Sattisfie their Curiositie, I lead them on In Ignorance. 

I wish w'^ all my hart : A Comission was taken by some honest Gentle- 
man, to Curb: V: at the Quarrell he told P. had it not been for Jn° Usher 
he should never have had a Comission &c : at psent I shall not Inlarge but 
as things occur shall Send : if any thing of Moment 

Yo"^ llono^ Most humble 
Serv*: 

W"": Redford 

[Addressed : " To | The IIon™^^« John Usher | Esq' | Th'": Majest^: L": 
Govern'": &c | of Prov'^: New Hampsh'': | Boston."] 

Newcasle fFebry 10*^ 1694. 
Most Hon*^ 

S'^ sence your honners departer thear is like to be sum dissturb- 
ance becase of your suspending the president m'" Ilinks out from the Coun- 
sell and I fear the Sore will gro uery big and the Counsell all Stand to 
uindicate what was don In Counsell before your honnor Came Last to Uss: 
honner^ s'^ I shall be uery glad to Se you here with all speed So if possible 
this bi'each may be healled up before itt groes two wide which is all I shall 
say till you Cum — not Else butt am yours 

To serue 

Nathanl: Fryer. 
To John Usher Esq' 
Lef*: Gouener Command' in 
Ch : of y® Province of 

New hampshire 
These in Boston 
p the post. 

Endorsed—" Nath^ ffryer, 10*^ ffeby 
169f as to m' Hincks suspension'* 

VOL. XXXI. 15 



166 Ancestry of Stephen Arnold Douglas, [April, 

ANCESTRY OF STEPHEN ARNOLD DOUGLAS. 

Communicated by Charles H. James Douglas, Esq., of Providence, R. I. 

WILLIAM' DOUGLAS, b. 1610; m. Ann, daughter of Thomas 
Mable,* of Ringstead, Northamptonshire ; landed at Cape Ann, 
1639-40 ; removed to New London, Conn., 1660 ; d. July 25, 1682 ; had : 

i. Ann, b. 1637. 

ii. Robert, b. 1639. 

ill. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 26, 1641. 

iv. Sarah, b. April 8, 1643. 

2. V. William, b. April 1, 1645. 

2. William^ Douglas m. Dec. 18, 1667, Abiah, daughter of William 
Hough, of New London; d. March 9, 1724-5; had: 

i. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 25, 1668-9. 

ii. Sarah, b. April 2, 1671. 

3. iii. William, b. Feb. 19, 1672-3. 
iv. Abiah, b. Aug. 18, 1675. 

V. Rebecca, b. June 14, 1678. 
vi. Ann, b. May 24, 1680. 
vii. Richard, b. July 19, 1682. 
viii. Samuel, b. about 1684. 

3. William^ Douglas m. about 1695, Sarah Proctor; removed in 
1699 to Plainfield, Conn.; d. Aug. 10, 1719; had: 

1. Hannah, b. Sept. 7, 1696. 

ii. William, b. Feb. 19, 1698. / 

iii. Samuel, b. April 13, 1699. 

iv. Abiah, b. Feb. 26, 1701-2. 

V. John, b. July 28, 1703. 

vi. Sarah, b. Dec. 7, 1704. 

vii. Jerusha, b. April 26, 1706. 

viii. Samuel, b. Dec. 3, 1707. 

ix. Benajah, b. Sept. 17, 1710. 

X. James, b. May 20, 1711, 

xi. Thomas, b. Nov. 26, 1712. 

4. xii. Asa, b. Dec. 11, 1715. 

4. Asa* Douglas m. about 1737, Rebecca Wheeler; removed in 1746 

to Old Canaan; d. Nov. 12, 1792; had: 

i. Sarah, b. Feb. 26, 1738. 
ii. Asa, b. Dec. 24, 1739. 
iii. Rebecca, b. Jan. 3, 1741-2. 
iv. William, b. Aug. 22, 1743. 
V. Hannah, b. Jan. 17, 1744-5. 
vi. Lucy, b. Jan. 12, 1746-7. 
vii. Olive, b. Sept. 7, 1748. 
viii.. Wheeler, b. April 10, 1750. 
ix. Jonathan, b. Feb. 14, 1752. 
X. Nathaniel, b. Aug, 11, 1754. 
xi. John, b. Aug. 2, 1758. 

5. xii. Benajah, b. Dec. 15, 1760. 
xiii. Lucy, b. May 10, 1762. 

5. Benajah* Douglas m. about 1780, Patty, daughter of Stephen 
Arnold ; removed to Stephentown, N. Y. ; had : 

i. Stephen Arnold, who was the father of Stephen ArnoW Douglas, the 
statesman, of whom a biographical sketch will be found in the 
Register, vol. xv. p. 281. 

♦ Mr. Savage gives the name Mattle, but the records give it Mable very distinctly. 



1877.] Wager and Hull. 167 



A 



Sm CHAELES WAGER AND CAPT. JOHN IIULL.^ 

By Osgood Field, Esq., of London, England. 
MONGr the many facts brought to light by Col. Chester, in that 



marvel of genealogical research, " The Westminster Abbey 
Registers," is the parentage of Admiral Sir Charles Wager, whose 
monument in that venerable pile has been seen by thousands of our 
countrymen without a suspicion that his early history was associated 
with America, and that his excellent seamanship and upright char- 
acter^ were partly due to the training he received from a native of 
New England, who commanded a vessel trading between this colony 
and the mother country. 

I am mainly indebted to family tradition, as told by a generation 
now passed away, for the incident I am about to relate, which has 
been current among the seafaring population of New England for 
many years, and been woven in the pages of romance,^ but it has 
either been attributed to those who had no part in it, or the narra- 
tors of the story have acknowledged that they were ignorant of the 
names of the actors in it. 

It had been generally supposed that Charles Wager was a poor 
and friendless boy, when he was apprenticed to Capt. John Hull,'' 
whose ship traded between Newport, R. L, and England, until Col. 
Chester showed in the work referred to that he belonged to a family 
of good position, and that his father^ was " a naval officer of high 
standing, and at his death commander of one of His Majesty's 
frigates." This event occurred Feb. 4, 1665-6, in all probability 
shortly after the Admiral was born, for on his monument his age is 
stated to have been 79 at the time of his death. May 24, 1743. 
His widowed mother married a second husband, — Alexander 
Parker, — a London merchant and a member of the Society of 
Friends, which last fact throws some light on the Admiral's subse- 
quent career. 

1 This article was received hy us last autumn, and was intended for our January num- 
ber; but the press of other matter prevented its appearance then. "While it was in type for 
this number, we received from Mr. Field the following note, which he wishes appended : 

" Since writing this article, the author has seen a pamphlet containing an address deliv- 
ered by the Hon. William P. Sheffield, at Newport, R. I,, on the Fourth of July, 1876, 
which contains a version of the anecdote differing in some respects from this; but, 
after perusing Mr. Sheffield's narrative, the writer sees no occasion to make any alteration, 
in his account, which he believes to be substantially correct." 

Mr. Sheffield's pamphlet is noticed in the Register, ante, p. 136. — Ed. 

2 " Old Sir Charles Wager is dead at last and has left the fairest character." (Walpole^, 
vol. i. page 284.) 

^ I think it was in "Miriam Coffin," I read the anecdote many years since. 

* The two names were again associated in the late Wager Hufl of New York. 

5 Doubtless the same person thus spoken of by Pepys (vol. iv. 1668). " There was 
never any man that behaved himself in the Straits (of Gibraltar) like poor Charles Wager, 
whom the very Moors do mention with tears sometimes." 



168 Wag 67' and Hull. [April, 

We may well suppose that he inherited from his father a love of 
the sea and a fondness for adventure, which is so often associated 
witli ocean life, and that he found the home of his Quaker step-father 
dull and monotonous. Probably his parents opposed his wishes at 
first, but yielded when they found an opportunity, not often met 
with, of apprenticing him to the sea with one of their own persua- 
sion, — for Hull also belonged to the Society of Friends, — and with 
whom we may presume they were already acquainted, considering 
the smallness of this community in London at that time. Appa- 
rently master and apprentice got on well together, for the anec- 
dote I am about to relate must have occurred long after they were 
first brought together, and in the early part of the war with 
France, which broke out in 1689 and was terminated by the Peace 
of Kyswick. 

Capt. Hull was sailing nis ship up the British Channel, when a 
French privateer hove in sight, and being the better sailer rapidly 
gained on the merchantman. Escape was hopeless ; for even if 
Hull's principles had allowed him to fight, resistance on his part 
to a vessel heavily armed and with a numerous crew, would have 
been an act of madness. Not wishing to see his ship surrendered, 
he gave up the command to Wager, who had probably risen to 
the position of mate, and went below with a heavy heart. Hull 
paced the cabin in a restless frame of mind, until, no longer able 
to remain there, he ascended the stairs and emerged from the 
companion-way just as the Frenchman was crossing their bows, her 
decks crowded with men, and her captain calling on them to haul 
down their flag in token of surrender. Hull saw the opportunity 
at a glance, and said to Wager, who was at the tiller, "Charles, 
if thee puts the helm a little more to starboard thee will run that 
ship down." Wager did so, and they struck the privateer amid- 
ships, cutting her down, so that she sunk with every soul on board. 
Capt. Hull got his ship about as soon as possible in the endeavor 
to rescue some of the unfortunate crew, but there was a stiff breeze 
blowing and a heavy sea on, and when he got back to the scene of 
the catastrophe not a soul could be found. 

On his arrival in Eno-land the news of the destruction of the 
privateer caused great rejoicing, as she had done very serious dam- 
age to British shij)ping. The affair was much noised of at the time, 
and became known to the Admiralty, who sent for Capt. Hull, and 
after complimenting him on the exploit, oflercd him a captaincy in 
the royal navy, which he declined, saying that his principles would 
not allow him to accept it ; nor could he take any reward for an 
action which was not without regret, inasmuch as so many fellow 
men had been sent to another world unprepared. He added, that if 
they wished to reward some one, they could send ibr ^^'ager, of 
whom he spoke in high terms. The Admiralty adopted the sug- 
gestion and gave Wager a midshipman's berth in the British navy. 



1877.] Hollis, JSF, II,, in the War of the Revolution, 169 

from which position he rose rapidly by his own merit and became 
Admiral, First Commissioner of the Admiralty and Privy Council- 
lor ; and to crown a well-spent life, he was interred at his death in 
the grand old abbey, where repose many of the greatest and worthi- 
est of the land. 

The Admiral retained a grateful recollection of his old master, 
and, from the time he attained an independence, he sent every year 
to Captain Hull on his birthday a cask of wine. Some of Sir 
Charles's letters accompanying the gift are still preserved in the 
family of the receiver. He returned to Newport, as admiral in 
command of a British squadron, many years after he left the place 
an obscure and unknown individual, and was delighted to see his old 
commander, now retired from the sea, whom he presented to one of 
his officers in these words, — "This, Sir, is Mr. Hull, my honored 
master." 

As I hope to contribute to this magazine, at some future time, an 
article on the family to which Capt. Hull belonged, I will only say 
here that he was born in 1654 and died at Conanicut, K. I., Dec. 1,, 
1732. He was son of Tristram Hull, of Barnstable, and grandson 
of the Eev. Joseph Hull,^ who sailed for New England from Wey- 
mouth, Dorsetshire, in 1635. By his wife Alice Tiddeman he had, 
with other children, a son John, who married Dumaris Cary and 
had by her a daughter Phoebe, who became the wife of William 
Hazard. Their daughter Lydia married John Field, the grand- 
father of the writer of this article. 

4 Grosvenor Mansions, jS. W, London, 



HOLLIS, NEW HAMPSHIRE, IN THE WAR OF THE 

REVOLUTION. 

By the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester, A.M., of Nashua, N. H. 
[Concluded from page 27.] 

1779. EECRUITS FOR THE TOWN'S CONTINENTAL QUOTA. 

IN the month of July of this year, as shown by the town records, 
nine men were required to make good the Hollis continental quota. 
On the 19th of July, 1779, at a special town meeting summoned 
to supply this deficiency, the town " Voted and chose Ensign Jere- 
miah Ames, Dr. Jonathan Fox, and Jacob Jewett, Junr., a com- 
mittee to hire for one year our nine Continental Men." Also 
" Voted, That said Committee be empowered to give the Town's 
security to each of said nine men for any sum of money that they 
may agree with them for, and said town to be responsible to said 

^ See the Register for January, 1871, page 13. 

VOL. XXXI. 15* 



170 IIollis, JS^, II,, in the War of the Revolution, [April, 

Committee for said sums and for tlie Committee's trouble in raising; 
said men, and that the Selectmen be authorized to assess the Polls 
and Estates of the Town for the sum of money it shall cost to raise 
6aid men." 

On the 2d of August, about two weeks after, this committee 
made report to the town of their doings in this matter, of which a 
substantial copy is here presented as follows : 

" Service for one year for said Town. 

*^Au(/. 2, 1779. To cash and our security given to Eight Men as a Bounty 
from said Town to go into said service. 



To Caleb Stiles, 


Cash 


, £300. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


" Caleb Stiles, Jun., 




£300. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


" Ephraim Pearce, 




£300. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


*' Francis G. Powers, 




£300. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


'* Jerathmael Bowers, 




£300. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


" Jacob Hobart, 




£300. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


" Joseph Stearns, 




£177. 


17 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 


Corn. 


" Simeon Foster, 




£210. 


10 Bushels of Rye. 
87 Bushels of Rye. 


10 Do. of Ind. 
80 Bushs. Ind. 


Corn. 


Lawful Money, 


£2,187. 


Corn. 


Holies, Aug. 3, 1779 


• 






Jeremiah Ames. 
Jonathan Fox. 












Jacob Jewett, Jun. 



The "Eeturn" of Col. Nichols for the regiment shows that the 
9th man enlisted for the town under this call w^as Joseph Wheat, 
but it does not appear what bounty was paid him. 

In the spring of 1779, a regiment commanded by Col. Hercules 
Mooney was ordered from New Hampshire to lihode Island. Of 
the 5th company of this regiment, Daniel Emerson of HoUis was 
captain, and Dr. Peter Emerson, his brother, also of IIollis, was 
regimental surgeon. In it were four Hollis private soldiers, who 
were in the service near six months, and were paid by the town 
severally a bounty of £9. 

In view of the alarming and rapid depreciation of the continental 
paper money then in use, a town meeting was called on the 'ilst of 
October, of this year, in the vain hope of devising some method of 
staying the evil. To this end a committee was appointed, who made 
report to a subsequent meeting held on the following 21st ot Novem- 
ber, fixing and limiting prices at which many of the necessaries of 
life might be sold. At this last meeting the Town " Voted to accept 
the report of this committee * * * and that each person in town 
govern himself accordingly, under the penalty of being treated as 
an enemy of the country." 

1780. RECRUITS FOR THE CONTINENTAL ARMY. 

It is shown by the record of a special town meeting held June 
28th of this year, that there was then a deficiency of nine men ir 



Fo Jacob Danforth, 


Cash, 


, £210. 90 Bi 


ishels of Rye 


" Stephen Conroy, 




£210 & 90 




" Nathaniel Patten, 


1 


£510 & 79 




" Asa Lovejoy, 




£210. 90 




" Abel Lovejoy, 




£210. 90 




" Jesse Worcester, 




£210. 90 




" Lemuel Blood, 




£210. 90 




" Reuben Blood, 




£210. 90 




" Nathaniel Blood, 




£210. 90 





1877.] Ilollis, JSf. H.<i in the War of the Revolution, 171 

the Hollis continental quota. At this meeting the Town ^"^ Voted 
To hire nine able-bodied men to serve in the continental army till 
the last day of December next, and that Jonathan Fox, Jacob 
Jewett, Jun., and Ephraim Burge be a committee to hire said men, 
and to give security in behalf of the Town in any way they think 
proper." On the 4th of July, within a week after this meeting, this 
committee made the following report of its doings. 

"The Inhabitants of the Town of Hollis to Jonathan Fox, 
Jacob Jewett, Jun., and Ephraim Burge as a committee 
chosen by said Town to agree with and hire nine men to go 
into the Continental Army for six months for said Town. Dr. 

July 4, 1780. To cash and our security given to nine men. Viz. 

& 10 Bushels of Ind. Corn. 

and one Blanket, 
and one Blanket, 
and one Blanket, 
and one Pair of Shoes. 
and one Pair of Shoes. 
and one Pair of Shoes. 

Lawful Money, £2,190. 799 Bushels of Rye, 3 Blankets, 3 Pairs of Shoes. 

N. B. The wages of the nine six months men belong to the Town." 

It appears from the above note that the full amount of the wages 
of these men was paid in advance by the Town, the men being 
unwilling, probably on account of the state of the currency, to give 
credit to the State or Congress. 

MILITIA FOR WEST POINT, ETC. 

Early in July of this year a further call was made upon the Town 
for 15 men for three months, to aid in the defence of West Point, and 
for three others to serve for six months on the Northern Frontier. 
At a town meeting on the 3d of July the same committee was 
chosen to hire the men last called for, who in about two weeks 
afterwards made report that they had procured the men for West 
Point, and two of those for the Northern Frontier. It appears from 
this report that the committee agreed to pay severally to the men 
engaged to go to West Point, as bounties, quantities of rye and 
Indian corn, as follows : To one of them 35 bushels of rye ; to two 
others 30 bushels of corn, each; to another 45 bushels of corn; to 
each often others, 50 bushels of corn ; these soldiers to have their o-ov- 
ernment wages. To each of the two men enlisted to go to the frontier, 
the committee agreed to pay £210 in cash, and 90 bushels of rye ; 
"^Ae wages of these two men to belong to the town." 

About the last of August of this year, a requisition was made 
upon the town for 1G,000 pounds of beef for the army, and at a 



172 TToUls, iV. 77., in the War of the Revolution, [April, 

special town mcctinpj held in respect to it, August 31, the town 
" Voted to raise £25,000 to raise our proportion of 15eef with," being 
at the rate of £1. 10s. in currency per pound for army beef. 

At a special town meeting held on the following 23d of Novem- 
ber, ^^ Voted, to raise £32,000 to pay the money borrowed to pay 
the soldiers, and to pay for the grain for the 3 and G months men." 

Hollis soldiers in the service in 1780, 47. 

1781. REDUCTION OF THE N. II. CONTINGENT OF THE 
CONTINENTAL ARMY. 

By an Act of the General Court of this State, passed Jan. 12, 
1781, the nimiber of troops to be raised in New Hampshire for the 
regular continental army was fixed at 1354, to be enlisted for three 
years. The Hollis "quota" of this force was reduced to 20. At 
the time of the passage of this act, as appears by the regimental 
returns, Hollis then had nine men in the service who had been 
enlisted during the war, but it appears from the town records that 
on the 12th of March of this year twelve men were lacking in this 
new quota. At a special town meeting called on the following 
19th of March, "Capt. Daniel Emerson, Dr. Jonathan Fox, and 
Ephraim Burge," were chosen a committee to hire these twelve 
recruits, with full authority afterwards given to pledge the security 
of the Town for such wages or bounty as the men engaged should be 
willing to accept. The original report of the committee is not now 
to be found, but it appears from the "Great Return" of the select- 
men to the General Court that the twelve men called for were enlisted 
for the three years, and that to each of them, as a bounty, the town 
paid £60, or $200.00. This bounty was paid in specie, or in new 
bills of credit supposed to be its equivalent, the old continental paper 
currency having at this time become worthless or very nearly so. 
These bounties amounted to £720, or $2,400.00. Instead of en- 
tailing the amount of them upon the town to be paid by posterity, 
as has been too often done in like cases in more recent times, a war 
tax of £800 was assessed the same year to meet it. 

In the month of June of this year, at a town meeting, called for 
the purpose, the town was divided into eight classes, or sections, for 
raising men for the army. In the month of einly, afterwards, a 
requisition was made by the State upon the town for twelve men to serve 
in the army for three months, and at a town meeting licld on the 
19th of that month the town " Voted that the classes be cou})led, and 
that each two classes procure three good and effective men for three 
months." It is shown by the "Great Return" above referred to, 
that nine of these men were procured, and enlisted in the company 
of "Ca[)t. Mills" of the 4th company of a small incomplete regiment 
commanded by Col. Daniel Reynolds of Londonderry. It is not 
known wliere this regiment was employed, or that in fact it left the 
State. The war was now substantially at an end, and it is pro- 



1877.] Hollis, N'. H., in the War of the Revolution, 173 

bable that the remment was soon disbanded, and that for this reason 
the three other Hollis men were not enlisted. These nine men were 
paid by the Town a bounty of £9 each. 

Including these nine three-months men and the twenty continental 
soldiers, Hollis had in the service in all, this year, twenty-nine men. 

1782. THE LAST SOLDIEK OF THE HOLLIS QUOTA. 

Although prior to the commencement of this year, active hostili- 
ties between the contending armies had virtually ceased, yet the 
government regarded it necessary that the ranks of the regular army 
should be kept filled. In the month of July of this year, one man 
was found to be v/anting to complete the Hollis continental quota of 
20 ; and at a town meeting then held, the town " Voted unani- 
mously that one man more be raised by the Town to serve in the 
Continental Army, and that the committee for that purpose procure 
him, at their discretion, immediately." 

It is shown by the regimental return of Gen. Nichols, now at 
Concord, that on the 15th of July, 1782, Jahez Youngman had 
enlisted for three years as a soldier for Hollis, thus making the 
quota of the town complete. Youngman was the last soldier who 
enlisted for Hollis in this war, and the only one the town was called 
upon to furnish in 1782. As shown by the return made by the 
selectmen, the town paid him a bounty of £60, or $200.00. The 
number of Hollis soldiers in the army, in this the last year of the 
war, was but 20, a number considerably less than that of any pre- 
ceding year. It will appear from an inspection of the various lists 
still preserved of Hollis men in the revolutionary military service, 
that most of them enlisted more than once, many of them on three 
or more different occasions, but as nearly as can now be ascertained 
it will be found that, counting each name but once, Hollis furnished 
no less than 289 soldiers, who for a longer or shorter time were in 
the service, a number but little less than one-fourth of its popu- 
lation. 

In the foreofoino- narrative it has been our aim to o^ather from 
authentic sources, and to present in as little space as was consistent 
with perspicuity, the annual doings of the people of Hollis during 
the seven years of the war, and also somewhat of the sentiment and 
spirit of the people which animated their efforts in the struggle for 
independence. The limited space allotted to this article has con- 
strained us to omit many matters of interest highly creditable to the 
parties concerned, but we trust that enough has been said to evince 
that on all occasions, from the beginning of the war to its end, the 
people of the town performed what they believed to be their duty 
promptly, intelligently, patriotically, and with a hopeful assurance 
of final success. As has been said before, it has not been our pur- 
pose to make any invidious comparison between what was done by 



174 IloUisy iV". II., in the War of the Revolution. [April, 

Hollis and other towns in New Hampshire or other states in the 
same cause. Other country towns, witli no greater popuhition or 
resources, may have done as much or even more ; but if as much, 
we trust tliat our readers will not disagree with us in the sentiment, 
that their worthy deeds and patriotic sacrifices should not be forgot- 
ten in this centennial year. 

THE SENTIMENTS OF THE PEOPLE OF KOLLIS IN RESPECT TO 

THE TORIES. 

As stated in the early part of this narrative, four of the citizens 
of Hollis were known as loyalists, or tories, one of whom for a 
time was imprisoned for disloyalty. The remaining three left the 
country early in the war, and their names were included in the act 
of confiscation, passed in 1778, by the New Hampshire General 
Court, and they, with many others, were forbidden to return to the 
country under the penalty of death. 

After the end of the war, the British Commissioners, in their ne- 
gotiations for peace, were persistent in their efforts to provide for 
the return of the banished adherents of the crown, and the restora- 
tion of their confiscated estates ; and this subject was widely and 
warmly discussed by the American press of the time, and in the 
primary assemblies of the people. A special town meeting in Hol- 
lis was called to consider this subject in the spring of 1783, " and 
to see if the Town would give their Representative any Instruc- 
tions in respect to the Absentees fro7n this State and their re- 
turning.^^ As will appear from the following extract, which we 
copy from the record of that meeting, the sentiments of the people 
of the town upon this question found expression in language more 
vigorous and emphatic than forgetful and forgiving, as follows : 

" The minds of the people being tried in respect to the Returning 
of those Miserable Wretches under the name of Tories, Absentees 
or Conspirators,^^ 

" Voted unanimously that they shall not be allowed to return or 
regain their forfeited Possessions." 

" Yoted that a Committee be chosen to give the Representative 
of this Town particular Instructions which may convey to him the 
unanimous sentiments of the people in respect to the Absentees 
above mentioned." 

" Voted that Col. John Hale, Noah Worcester, Esq., iNIaster 
Cummings, Dea. Boynton, Captains Dow, Goss and Kendrick be a 
Committee to give the Instructions above mentioned." 



1877.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk, 175 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD, OR 

ON THE FILES IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Prepared by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 
[Continued from p. 107.1 

John Maynard. — An Inuentory of what debts is oweing fro the Estate 
of John Miner [szc] this 25. 9^"° 1659. 

ImpMo Henery Brigara, 17.15.5; M^ Rocke, 03.00.9; Sam^ Sendal, 
01.06.0; Elisabeth Eaton, 04.10.0; M"" Walker, 01.06.6 ; William Poland, 
00.08.0 ; Eliaser Eaton, laid out at funeral, 00.09.0 ; goodwife Rouse, 
00.08.0; Zacre Phillips, 02.00.0; goodman Armitage, 01.04.0; goodman 
Peede, 00.07.4 ; m"^ Atwater, 00.10.0; Elder Penne, 00.03.0; John Bigs, 
00.08.0; decon Trusdaile, 00.05.0; Robrt Walker, 00.06.4; William 
Browne, 00.03.0 ; m-" Nugaite, 00.02.7 ; William Corser, 00.03.0 ; Mary 
Jay, 00.01.0; Sergt. Cotton, 00.05.0; Beniamin Thohinge [Thwing?], 
00.15.0; goodman Crichley, 00.02.0; m'" John Eue red, 01.08.1; goodman 
Robinson, 00.04.0; Left turner, 00.07.0; m^- Stare Sen'", 00.11.2; Tho- 
mas Starre, 06.00.0 ; William English, 00.10.0 ; Ed. Cowel, 00.07.0 ; Ed. 
Hutchinson, 00.08.10^. [Total] 45.15.00^. 

Wee whose names ar vnderwritten haueing examined the debts due from 
the estate of John Maynard deceased by vertue of an order of the County 
Court doe find the estate debeter forty fine pounds fiftene shillings and on 
half pennie as by the p'ticulars aboue mentioned 

Anthony Stoddard, Jer : Houchin. 
See Register ix. 347, for a prior inventory (File^ No. 214.) 

of the estate of John Maynard. 

Thomas Cromwell. — Inuentory of y® Estate of Thomas Cromwell 
Deceased, Aprill 1687. Dweling house & aboute Eighteen poles £42 ; a 
bed at Jonathan Pickrins ( Esteemed att) £2. &c. &c. Apprised as Money 
p"" Rob* Kitchen, Benj'' Marston, 69.08.00. Ann Cromwell Administratrix 
of the Estate of Thomas Crumwell dec*^ appearing 12 May 1687 made 
oath. Daniel Allin Cler. Rec^ 6s. 6. (File, No. 81.) 

Capt. Thomas Thornhill. — A list of what is due to cap* Thomas 
Thornehill as it was taken from his mouth, by his desire, March 10*^ 
16fJ« l^ue from m"*^ Gunnison of Puscataque about nine pounds in 
fish ; from m^ Henry Lampory, for w^^ one w"^ Rogers is Security, about 
17^^. Due from Jeremy Belcher of Ipswich on 2 bills, there rests due 
about 12^^ ; from Majo'' Shapley forty shillings, & y^ taylor in his house 30^ 

What is due from the s*^ Thornehill to several! p'sons as follows. M'^ 
Thomas Kellond, m'' Wosley, cap* Johnson, m'' Rob* Gibbs, Theodor Atkin- 
son, m'' Jollife, cap* Clarke, m"" Joseph More, Arthur Mason, the sadler, 
Goodm. Rogers ; m'"' Scarlett for dyett, lodgeing &c. in her house from Jan. 
8. 58, whereof about six pound paid ; to Geo. Broome the Taylor 7 or 8', 
who hath a cloake & suite y* must be caled for ; to Goodm. Edmunds sen., 
Hudson Leverett, Johnson of Puscatoque ; Anne Prince, the maid in 
money 20^ 



176 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk. [April, 

M' Tliomas Lake, m'" Thomas Kellond, & John Richards, this is to request, 
& desire yo" (in case god take me away in this sickues) that yo" will use 
yo' endeavo'" in procureing the aboue said somes due to [me] or what else 
may appeare by any bills or writeings yo*^ may meet w*^^ & when received, 
pray satisfy what yo" finde Justly due from me, mentioned aboue or else. 
The charges of Sicknes & buriall being first defrayed. I should also fur- 
ther entreat, that yo" would enquire aiter any letters or goods comeing from 
Barbadoes &c. & to receive any consignm*^ vnto me, & make Sale thereof, 
returneing the produce to my ]3rother coll. Timothy Thornhill, my just debts 
here being first paid as is aboue desired. 

Boston March 10*^ 1G||. Thomas Thornhill. 

Witnesses — Hudson Leuerett, Isaack Addington, who deposed 20'^ March 
1659-60. Edw. Rawson. Commission'^ power. 

At A meeting of the magiifs 20*'^ march 1659, at y® Gouno" house 
present y® Gou'"no'" dep Gouno'^ & Recorder. Power of Administration to 
the estate of y^ late Cap* Thomas Thornehill, late of barbadoe*, according 
to his Request aboue mentioned is Graunted to m^ Thomas Lake, m' Thomas 
Kellond & m' John Richards, they bringing in an Invento''y of y* estate to 
the next County Court, and Giving security to Administer according to 
lawe as farre as what of his shall Come to theire hands will reach vnto. 

Edvtard Rawson Recorde' 

Inventory of the estate of the late Cap'^® Tho . Thornehill taken and 
appraised by vs the subscribers, Tho : Clarke, Josh : Scottow, Chrispin 
Hooper. Am* 26.02.03. 

A horse & bridle & saddle apprised at twelue pounds by vs, 

his niarke 

John Winslow, Ju*' F farnum. 

Goods Consigned to y® said Tho. Thornhill on his peaper and Came Since 
his death to our hands, John Winslow, John Scottow, Am* 66.4.3. Att 
Court. 31 October 1660, Mr Tho. Lake, m' Jn° Richards & m'" Tho Kelond 
deposed. Good debts, Joseph More, 01.05.0. Bad & doubtful debts, Jere- 
my Belcher, 01.1.9. Henry Lempry, 17.0.0. (File, No. 235. Register, 
X. 175, contains a list of creditors additional to the above.) 

Thomas Griffin. — Administration granted July 18. 1661. [Private 
Letter on file relating to this estate from Thomas Parke to his brother 
William Parke.] To His loving and mvche Respacktad brother m' williame 
Parke at his Hovs in Roxberey this presant I pray. 
Louing Brother 

after due respects presented vnto youre selfe and yours, 
this are to intreat you to doe me the faviour as to procure for me as spiedylye 
as you can a letter of administratian from the Courte, acording vnto law, 
wherby I may be Impoured to dispose of the estate of Thomas Griffin 
(who is deseased) for the sattisfying of his Creaditors so Farr as the Estate 
will goe, thar being severall that Challang debts, and none that will admin- 
ister, nether can his creditors com at the Estate for thar owne satisfacktion, 
whearfor I am willing for his sake who is dead, who was sumtime a retainer 
vnto my howse, I say I am willing to take the paines as to improue the 
Estate (which is but small) so farr as it will goe for the satisfacktion of his 
creaditors provided care may be taken, that I may not suffer tharby in my 
owne estate and the truth is such was the Clamers of one of his creditors 
that to prevent further truble, I haue payd vpon that acoumbt betwene 



1877.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolh, 111 

eleucn and twellue pounde, Confideing in your loue and Care, and the Courts 
readines to answer my request in a Case so Honest : I liaue sent in Closed 
an inventory of all the Estate that we can finde, and the state of it, as for 
his Clothes, he dyeing in another Jurisdicktion we cannot reach them, sup- 
oseing also that the Charge of his sicknes may amount neare vnto a bal- 
lance, thus haue I acquainted you with my desires intreateing you toacktfor 
me with the Courte who by reason of my remoatnes cannot ackt for my self, 
and tharby you shall further ingadge him who allreadye ownes himselfe 
southertowue your oblidged Brother Thomas Parke. 

July the G*^ 1661. (File, No. 270. Register, x. 359, gives an abstract 
of the inventory, power of administration, and a reference to the letter.) 

John Gore. — Inventory of that part of the Estate of M"^ John Gore, 
late of Roxbury deceased which was Left unadministred at the death of 
Rhoda his relict widow, and sole Executrix of his last will and Testam*. 
Taken and apprized by us whose names are under written, as it was pre- 
sented to us by John Gore Administrato'' upon the same and other relations 
then present 15 November 1693. The dwelling house being not worth 
repaireing, £10. The Barne (in the same condition) with a sider mill in it, 
£5. About two acres of land on which the s^ houseing stand consisting of 
Orcliard yard and arable land, £23 ; halfe of the wight Pasture, being about 
5^ acres, £16 ; one acre salt marsh at Muddy River, £10 ; A great Bible 
and other Books in the house & lent out, £1,10 etc. etc. Total £101.3. 

Henry Bowen, Nathanael Holmes. 

By the Hon^^® William Stonghton Esq*". John Gore adm^ presented this 
Inventory and made Oath, etc. Aprill 4''^' 1694. 

Jurat Cor. William Stoughton. 
(File, No. 162.) 
(Abstract of Will in Register, viii. 282. Bond, present volume, p. 104.) 

Ralph Smith. — Inventory of goods of Ralph Smith taken by William 
Cotton, William Inglish, April 16, 1661. Amount 37.04.04. not 377.04.04, 
as expressed in the Register, x. 269. More found since in bookes to 
value of 16' & a watch clocke or alarum at m'' Clarks at 20' & 3 other 
booke at 13' 4^ & a little Hammer. (File, No. 263.) 

Deacon John Rogers, of Weymouth. Inuoice of the Estate, 20 : 
12: 1660. See Register, x. 265, for Will and Inventory, the landed 
property not given there. One Dwelling House Barne out house & orchard 
60.00.0 ; Meadow, 26.00.0 ; Broake land ten ackers, 25.00.0 ; Pasture Land 
ten ackers, 20.00.0; Swamp Land 3 ackers 01.10.0; Halfe one Great Lot 
15 ackors, 05.00.0; one Great Lot 12 ackors, 04.00.0; one Lot more of 3 
ackors, 04.00.0; one Lot of the Diuision of Comons bQ ackors, 08.00.0. 
Sume Totall as formerly mentioned £275. (File, No. 264.) 

Andrew Pitcher, of Dorchester. — 19 : 1 : |J. Inventory of real estate. 
(See Register, x. 266, for Will and Inventory.) A dwelling house, barne 
house Lot and Orchard, 100.00.0; three acres of meadowe 12.00.0; two 
hundred acres of vpland & meadowe Lyinge in or neare vnto mead Feild, 
110.00.0. (File, No. 265.) 

vol. XXXI. 16 



178 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolh, [April, 

JonN TViLKiE. — 1 1 March, 1 GGO-Gl. Power of Administration on estate 
& inventory given, Register, x. 209. One item or two of interest not 
there enumerated. 5 siluer spons w^^^ my husband gaue to ech of his 4 
chikh'en one & y'^ fift to me his wife, 1.10.0; the halfe howse & ground 
60.00.0. (File, No. 207.) 

Charity White. — Feb. 1, 1660. Inventory, power of administration, 
etc. Register, x. 265. House and ground £7. (File, No. 256.) 

IsABELL Turner, widdow, Dorchester. Inventory, 17. 10. 1660. See 
Register, x. 266. House, barne, orchard home lott in the feild In two 
parcells prized at 75.00.0 ; 3 akers meddow In calues pasture, 06.00.0 ; 
12 akers In gr* lotts at, 30.00.0; land in the 3 deuisions, 05.00.0; out 
coiiions uallewed at, 05.00.0. 

Richard Langer, of Hingham. Inventory of the estate taken Feb. 
18, 1600. Abstract of Will and Inventory, Register, x. 209. Four acres 
of land giuen for two house Lotts, 08.00.0 ; A greate lott of tenn acres, 
04.00.0 ; one acre & halfe of meadow lyeing at Cony hassett, 01.10.0. 

(File, No. 258.) 

Abiell Everell. — Inventory, Register, X. 268. The dwelling house : 
w*^ all the priviledges of it that isseler and back yard 33 futt Long and 18: 
brode, 80.00.0. (File, No. 260.) 

John D wight, of Dedham. — See Will, Register, x. 263, also, Inven- 
tory. The latter, dated, 8. 12, 1660. The dwelling house, bake house, 
home barne & his p't in the vpper barne & all the home Lands west of the 
mille Creek, 150.00.0; all the Lands in Roxbery playne : broken: vnbro- 
ken & meadow, 30.0.0 ; 6 Acres of vpland in the great playne, 06.00.00 ; 
6 Acres of meadowe called the Hand meadowe, 15.00.0 ; 10 acres at Fowle 
meadowe, 20.00.0 ; all Comon Towne Rights swamps woodelands & 
p'-iueledges, 10.0.0 (File, No. 261.) 

John Luson, of Dedham. — See Will, Register, x. 267. The Invent- 
ory (268) taken 18 (3) 1661. Dwelling house, Barne, orchyard garden & 
yard rome, 60.00.0 ; the p'cell enclosed behind the house, 03.00.0 ; :he 
woodey p't of the lott & the swampe, there by lyeing vnenclosed, 06.00.0 ; 
the planting Lott before the house, 27.10.0; one Acre J mead, by the 
Causey in Broad mead, 05.00.0; 2 p'cells at Foule meadowe, 15.00.0; 2 
Acres of Ceader Swampe neere South playne, 04.00.0 ; one p'cell at 
Rocke meadowe & one smale p'cell at Rose mary Meadowe, 01.10.0; one 
p'cell amonge the woodland deuisions & all other deuidents, Coiiion Town 
Rights and p'-iuledges, 15.00.0. (File, No. 268.) 

Nathaniel Williams. — Will, Register, x. 270. Also, Inventory, 
taken 7. 3. 1661. The howse & ground, 300.00.0 ; the howse ifc land y* was 
m"" Blackstons, 150.00.00; a mare w*^ frauds litlefeild at weld, 14.00.0. 
Goods in the shop. (File, No. 271.) 

John Tucker, senior, of Hingham. — Will, Register, x. 269, and In- 
ventory, the last dated Aug. 8, 1661. Dwelling house & a home lott & 



1877.] Descendants of William Hilton, 179 

barne & other housing, 90.00.0 ; 4 acors of pastor land lying at broad Coave, 
25.00.0 ; Salt meadow lying at broad Coave, 21.00.0 ; 8 acors of land lying 
in broad Cove feild, 24.00.0 ; 3 great lotts lying nigh vnto Waymouth river 
amounting to oO acors or thereabouts, 60.00.0; 3 acors of land lying in the 
necke among the home lotts, 05.00.0 ; two acres of land at Squirrill hill, 
05.00.0; 3 planting lotts at y^ worlds end containing 13 acors, 22.00.0 ; a 
great lott at the great plaine containing 14 acres, 03.00.0; a 12 acor lott 
lying at the great plaine, 02.10.0; 2 acors 3 quarters of fresh meadow at 
Conahavset, 02.00.0. (File, No. 272.) 



SOME OF THE DESCENDANTS OF WILLIAM HILTON. 

Bj"- John T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

WILLIAM* HILTON came from London to Plymouth, in New 
England, in the "Fortune," Nov. 11, 1621. The "Fortune" 
sailed for England, on her return, within a month thereafter, and the follow- 
ing letter which he sent by her to his cousin in England, was first printed 
in Capt. John Smith's "New Englands Trials," edition of 1622. 

Louing coicsin, at our ariuall at New Plimmoth in New 
England, we found all our friends and planters in good health, 
though they were left sicke and weake with very small iueanes, 
the Indians round about vs peaceable and friendly, the country 
very pleasant and temperate, yeelding naturally of it self great 
store of fruites, as vines of diners sorts in great abundance ; 
there is liketvise walnuts, chesnuts, small nuts and jjlums, with 
much varietie of flowers, rootes, and herbs, .no lesse pleasant 
then wholsome and profitable : no place hath more goose-berries 
and straio-ber?^tes, nor better, Timber of all sorts you haue in 
England, doth couer the Land, that affoords beasts of diners 
sorts, and great flocks of Turkies, Quailes Pigeons and Patri 
ges : many great lakes abounding ivith fish, fowle, Beuers and 
Otters. The sea, affoords vs as great plenty of all excellent sorts 
of sea-fsh, as the riuers and lies doth varietie of wilde fowle 
of most vsefull sorts. 3fines toe find to our thinking, but neither 
the goodnesse nor qualitie we knoiv. Better grain cannot be then 
the Indian corne, if we will plant it vpon as good ground as a 
man need desire. We are all free-holders, the rent day doth not 
trouble vs., and all those good blessings we haue, of lohich and 
what loe list in their seasons for taking. Our companie are for 
most pari very religious honest people ; tJie word of God sincere 
ly taught vs euery Sabbath : so that I know not any thing a con 
tented mind can here tcant. I desire your friendly care to send 
my wife and children to me, where I wish all the friends 1 haue 
in England, and so I rest 

Your louing kinsman William Hilton. 

His wife and two children followed in the " Anne," July or Augusts 
1623, but their names are not known. In the allotments of land in 1623? 



180 Descendants of William Hilton, [April, 

there was granted to him one acre lying " to the sea, eastward,"* and to his 
wife and two children three acres butting " against the swampe & reed- 
ponde."* lie was of Plymouth in 1G24, for the friends of John Lyford, 
who came over in the beginning of that year, and was driven from the 
colony soon after with some of his adherents, affirmed " tliat the first occa- 
sion of the quarrel with tliem was tlie baptizing of Mr. Hilton's child, who 
was not joined to the church at Plymouth."t As his name does not appear 
among those present at the division of cattle in 1627,t he must have re- 
moved from Plymouth before that date, probably to the settlements on the 
Piscataqua River. 

lie was one of the witnesses, July 7, 1631, to the livery of seizin to his 
brother P^dward IIilton§ of the lands embraced in the Squamscott, or Hil- 
ton's Patent,l| which bears date March 12, 1G29 [i.e. 1629-30]. The fol- 
lowing letter to the Worshipful Mr. John Winthrop, the younger, at Aga- 
wam, is printed with the Winthrop papers in the Collections of the Mass. 
Hist. Society.*!! 

Pascatque 
Ser Aprill 18'M633 

There ariued a ffishing shipe at Pascataque about the 15'^ of this p'sant 
moneth where in is one Richard fFoxwell wlioe hath fformerly lined in this 
■cuntery he bringeth nuse y* there were tow shipes making ready at Bnrsta- 
ple whoe are to bring passingers & catell fFor to plant in the bay he hath 
leters fFor m' wearom & diners others at dorchester wch hee intends to 
bring in to the bay so soone as posible he can like wise he heard ffrom 
m'" Alerton whoe w^as making ready at Bristole ffor to come fFor this cuntery 
other nuse he bringeth not that I can heare of onely m'' Borowes purposeth 
to come fFor this cuntery fFrom london & soe desighring you to convey thes 
leters in to the bay w*'^ what conveniency you can desighring the lord to 
blesse you in your lawfFull designes I humbly rest 

Your wo*" ashured to com 

WiLiAM Hilton. 

Ser I purpose eare long be if y^ lord will to see you. 

The masters name of the shipe is John Corbin of Plimouth. 

To the wo*" m'' John Winthrope the younger at aguawam give these. 

June 2, 1633, Capt. Walter Neale, as Governor of the plantation of 
"Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John Mason, granted to Capt. The mas 
Cammocke a parcel of land upon the east side of the Piscataqua River, 
" where William Hilton lately planted corne."** At a court held at Exeter, 
4th lOth mo. 1639, it was ordered that " Will. Hilton and goodm. Smart" 
'were to have lots on the other side of the river.tf At Exeter, 3d 12th mo. 

*■ Plymouth Colony Tlecords, xii. pp. 5 and G. 

t Hul)bard's Hist, of New England, chap. xvi. 

+ Plymouth Colony Rcconis, xii. 12. The list, as it was first made out, contained the 
name of Robert Hilton, which was afterward stricken out and Bartlet written in its sioad. 

6 Register, vii. p. 50. 

ll Register, xxiv. p. 264. 

II 3d Series, vol. ix. p. 262. The original letter is in the possession of the Hon. Robert 
C. Winthrop, by whose jicrmission a heliotype of ir has been ujade for this arricle. The 
su[)erseription, separated from the body of the letter by horizontal lines, is on the I)aek of 
the original. 

** Loose sheet in unbound or stitched MS. in ofTice of Clerk of Courts, York Co., ^Nle. It 
is also recorded with York Deeds, Lib. i. 3d part, p 2. and on the foil iwing page there is a 
confirmation, dated Mav L I'i.'U, l)v Gorges and Mason. 

tt N. H. Provincial Papers, i. p. 138.' 







^ '^^i_ 









V^ 









<^t// 



1^^ 




/^Jr^-^-T^Xw^ 



J 



VOL. XXXI. 



16* 






ft N. II. riovinciiil Papers, i. p. iJo. 



1877.] Descendants of William Hilton, 181 

1640, it was agreed " that M" William Hilton is to enjoy those marshes in 
Oyster River which formerly he had possession of and still are in his pos- 
session, and the other marsh which M'^ Gibbins doth wrongfully detain from 
him with the rest of those marshes which formerly he hath made use of so 
far as they may be for the public good of this plantation : And so much of 
the upland adjoining to them as shall be thought convenient by the neigh- 
borhood of Oyster River, which are belonging to this body."^ He was 
made freeman. May 19, 1642, and had a grant of twenty acres of land in 
Dover in that year.f At a General Court held at Boston, Sept. 27, 1642, 
*' It is ordered, that the associats of Pascataque shall have power to try any 
cause under 20^, though no other bee sent to them. Willi: Hilton, Willi: 
Wald^'n, Edwa: Colcote have authority to end differences under 20 sh^ M'^ 
Francis Williams is ioyned an associate at Pascataq."! He was deputy 
from Dover to the General Court at Boston, 1644. He conveyed to Fran- 
cis Matthews, of Oyster River, 88 acres of land in Oyster River, granted 
him by the town of Dover, and two parcels of marsh land adjoining.§ In 
this deed he styles himself of Dover. 

About this time he removed to Kittery Point, as Frances White, wife of 
Richard White, in a deposition|| taken Feb. 27, 1687-8, says "that about 
forty sixe years past shee leived in a house at Kittery poynt that stood then 
between the house that was m*': Morgans & the house that M"": Greenland 
afterward leived in* which house above sayd the depo* husband William 
Hilton did hyer of Maior Nicholus shapligh." She must have been a sec- 
ond wife of William Hilton, as she was " adged seauenty years or therea- 
bouts " at the time when this deposition was taken, and could not therefore 
have been the wife who, with two children, came in the " Anne " to Plymouth 
in 1623. At a court held at Gorgeana, June 27, 1648, " It is ordered this 
Court that m"". William Hilton being lisensed for to keep the ordnary at the 
mouth of the River of Pascataqua, and that none other shall keep any pri- 
vate ordnary ther, nor to sell Wine beare nor Dicker upon any p'tence what 

* N. H. Provincial Papers, i. p. 141. For his action of trespass on the case a.ijainst Am- 
brose Gibbons for detaining tliis marsh, sec Rockingham Deeds, Lib. i. fol. 7. Ibid, fol. 12, 
is the following entry : " Georg Walton Snmons an acco debt at Suite of W"" Hilton order- 
ed that ex to l)e granted psent- for 3* dainag & W Costs- Provided that if M"" Tomkins of 
norhampton have pd 10^ to mr Rich: Hilton in Nor.wich then the sd Wm Hilton." A letter, 
or mark of contraction, is interlined above the caret, but is obscured by the letters of the 
line above, and cannot now be clearly made out. This case is referred to here, in the hope 
that it may afford a clue for further investigations. Its date is either 1642 or 1643, the 
entrv being rather indetinite. 

In Mass. Archives, xxxix. 70-73, is the case of Edward Colcord vs. Nathaniel Boulter, on 
the following agreement : 

" I Nathanicll Boulter doe p'mise to deliver unto m^ "Willi : Hilton 
of Dover halfe a thousand of pipestavcs Marcheantable in May 
next 1645 Natthaniell Boulter. 

Wittness William ffifeild::: 

These p'sents Vittnesseth that I Willi: Hilton doe assigne over this 
bill to Edward Colcord : by mee Will: Hilton." 

Among the papers in this case is '< The deposico of Willm Ifurbur aged about fforty 
yeares who Sworne Saith That Some Certayne y eaves Since being in the company of Edward 
Colcord & Willm Hilton who then lived att York I did then hcarc willm Hilton Say and 
acknowledge that hee had assigned to Edward Colcord a Bill for pipe staves which Nathan- 
iell Boulter did ow to ye sd willm Hilton wch was about five hundred according to my 
best remembrance. Deposed the first of the 5 mo: 1659." 
t Dover Town Records, Lib. i. 

I Records of Mass , ii. p. 31. Also recorded Dover Town Records, Lib. i. fol. 20. 

^ This deed was recorded with Rockingham Deeds, Lib. i. fol. 95, 29th 1 mo. 1653. Its 
date seems to be 7 July, 1644, altered to 1641, or blotted so as to look like 1641. The same 
deed is also found in Dover Town Records, where its date is 7 July, 1645. 

II York Court Files. 

VOL. XXXI, 16* 



182 Descenda7its of William Hilton, [April, 

•so ever under ii gallons by retaile :"* " It is Ordered this Court that hee that 
keeps the ordnary is for to keepe a ferry and to have to the great Ilandf 
for one vid if more iiid a peese to Strawbury banck for one xiid if more 
viiid p man to Dover or Kitterry xviii d for one if more xii d a man."t At 
a court held at Gorgeana Oct. IG, 1649, " It is Ordered this court : That 
ther shall be ahieway cut from the head of Rogers Cove, unto the head of 
Bray bote harbcr & so to the little marsh ner Unto Cap^ Champanownes 
howse & so to m' William Hiltons the In habitance of Gorgeana : to cut ; 
Unto a Cove neare Unto Jo" Andrews : and the Inhabitance of Pascata- 
quacke to cut from W"' Hiltons to that cove, by so many of each towne 
as they shall thincke fitt ; and this to be done by the 3C^ Octo"" (49."§ John 
Treworthie in a deposition || taken Oct. 25, 1650, testifies " that the cellar 
w*^^ is at Pascataway now standing neere the house w^'' W™ Hilton now 
lives in, did not any way belong to the land w^^ was bought by me for my 
Grandffather m"" Alexander Shapleigh." At a court held at Gorgeana, Oct. 
15, 1650, "ffor as much as the house at the Rivers mouth wher m' Shap- 
lei<::hs fFather first built and m'" William Hilton now dwelleth : In rej2:ard it 
was first house ther bylt, and m^ Shapleigh Intendeth to build and Inlarge 
it : and for furder considerations, it is thought fit it should from time to 
time, be for a house of Entertayment or Ordnary w*^ this p'viso that the 
Tenant bee such a one as the Inhabitants shall approve of."1T June 7, 1651, 
Mr. Nicholas Shapleigh, of Kittery, leased to Mr. Hugh Gunison, for the 
term of twenty-one years from that date, " All his Edifices Land & acco- 
modations and Priveledges : Att the poynt wher m' William Hilton now 
Dwelleth contayning tfive Hundred ackers."** 

He thereupon removed to York, and when the Massachusetts Commis- 
sioners arrived there to receive the submission of the inhabitants, Nov. 22, 
•1652, he was one of the fifty persons who acknowledged themselves subject 
• to the Government of the Massachusetts Bay, and took the oath of free- 
man. At a town meeting held at York about the 8th of December, 1652, 
" It is ordered that m"" William Hilton is to have the use of the ferry for 
the Term of one & twenty years. Lying betwixt the house where he now 
liveth, and The Town of York : and he is duly to attend the sd Ferry with 
Cannoos sufiicieut for the safe transportation both of Strangers & Towns- 
men if occasion requireth. If time & tydes be Seasonable, he is to pass 
persons over to & from tlie Stage Island : If not he is &, must provide 
a Canoo to Lye ready at the point of Land on his own Side the River, upon 
all Such occasions to transport people without danger. In Consideration 
whereof the s*^ William Hilton is to have allowed him two pence a peice for 
Every strangers, & four pence apeace for Every beast, or horse which he 
swimmeth over, or that are Sworn by any Strangers themselves, he or his 
servants being i-eady to attend, & one penny a time for Every Townsman 
he fetcheth or carrieth over : unless the sd Inhabitant go over In his own 
Cannoo, which Liberty remaines to Every Townsman, being made use of to 
Exempt him or them from the payment of any ferriage."tt He was one 

* Pa^'C 20, in unbouiul or stitched MS in office of Clerk of Courts, York Co., Me. 

t This seems to be tlic only authority for Mr. Savage's assertion that he had *' control of 
Great Island." 

t Pa.^e 21, in unbound or stitched MS. in office of Clerk of Courts, York Co., Me. 

^ Pai^e G, in unl)ouTid or stitched MS. in office of Clerk of Courts, York Co., Me. 

II Suffolk \)Qiii\^, Lib. i. fob 128. 

*|[ Pa<;e 1(5, in unbound or stitched IMS. in office of Clerk of Courts, York Co., Me. 

** Loose sheet in unbound or .stitched MS. in office of Clerk of Courts, York Co., Me. Re- 
corded also with York Deeds, Lil). i. fol. 15. 

ft York Town Records, i. p. 17. 



1877.] Desve7ulants of WUliam Hilton. 183 

of the Selectmen of York in 1652, 1653 and 1654, and had grants of land 
from the town, one July 4, 1653, and another June 4, 1654, of twenty 
acres "next adjoining unto m"^ Edward Godfreys house."* He died 1655 
or 1656, and letters of administration on his estate were granted June 30, 
1656, to Richard White, who had married Frances, his widow. His child- 
ren were : 

2. William, 

and perhaps others.f 

There was a William Hilton of Newbury, mariner, who is often con- 
founded with the William above named, and whose relationship to him is 
not as yet satisfactorily determined. It is hardly probable that he was a 
son of that William, as Savage supposes, nor could they have been one and 
the same person, as maintained by Coffin and others. He was defendant 
in a suit l)rought by Thomas Tuck, at a Court held at Salem on the last 
day of 4th mo. 1640, and had several grants of land in Newbury, but these 
grants are scattered through the Town Records, generally without dates, 
and in utter disregard of chronological order. Dec. 29, 1649, he sold 
James, his Indian, to George Carr, in exchange for quarter of a vessel. | 
" W" Hilton, Newb." took the oath of freeman, May 18, 1653. His child- 
ren, born in Newbury, were : 

* York Town Records, i. p. 16. 

t Jolin Hilton, of Dover, was, I tliink, a son of William' by his first wife. He was taxed 
at Dover as early as 1648, and had grants of land there. By deed dated 9 June, 1721 (^Rock- 
ingham Deeds, Lib. 12, fol. 161), Ann Hilton, widow of William Hilton, Benjamin Hilton, 
Samuel Moore and Hannah Hilton, alias Cole, all of York, and Malachi Edwards and Jo- 
seph Day, both of Wells in the county of York, convey to Capt. Thomas Millet of Oyster 
River, six undivided seventh parts of two grants of land made to John Hilton deceased, 
at a town meeting held at Dover, 4 : 10 mo. 1656. And William Hilton of Marblehead, 
mariner, conveys to said Millet the other undivided seventh, by deed dated 6 Sept. 1721, 
recorded as aforesaid, Lib. 12, fol. 222. 

Magdalen, wife of James Wiggin ot York, was probably a daughter of William Hilton. 
At all events, she was a daughter of Frances his wife, possibly by a former husband. She 
was m. to Wiggin prior to 16o7. 

There was a Mannering or Manning Hilton in York as early as 16G7. Administration on 
his estate was granted 4 July, 1671, to Thomas Moulton, his father-in-law. 

The Town Records of York record the l»irth, 21' Sept. 1691, of a child of Nath'l Adams, 
by his wile whose maiden name was " Magdelon " Hilton. To this record the Hon. Na- 
thaniel G. Marshall, the present Town Clerk, has added that she was the daughter of Man- 
waren and Mary Hilton, but I do not know the authority for the statement. She after- 
ward m. Elias Weare, and again John Webber. 

Mannerel or Mannerwell Hilton of York, batchelor, was defendant in suits brought by 
Joseph Hammond et al., at Court of Common Pleas, held at York 3 Julv and 2 Oct. 1705, 
and 2 July, 1706. 

Administration on the estate of Robert Hilton of Wells, *' who is apprehended to bee de- 
ceased," was granted to Mr. Samuel Wheelwright and Francis Littlefield, 29 Sept. 1685. 
Robert Hilton of Wells, weaver, conveyed land to Jonathan Littlefield of Wells, by deed 
dated 13 Nov. 1694, recorded with York Deeds, Lib. 13, fol. 275. 

A William Hilton, who was, I think, a son of Edward Hilton, Sen., of Exeter, was of 
Kittery in 1660, in which year he was one of the grand jury. He was constable in 1661, 
and had a grant of land in Kittery, 17 July, 1661, which was laid out 20 Feb. 1665, " in y« 
great Cove below y^ boyling rock." He was presented by the grand jury to a court held 
at York, 7 July, 1663, as follows : " Wee P'sent William Hilton Constable of Kittery for 
teareing of a spetiall warrant, sent by the secretary from Boston to Kittery, for sending a 
Deputy to the Generall Court." 

John Symmons of Kittery, planter, ])y deed dated 18 : 2 mo. 1667, recorded with York 
Deeds, Lib. 2, fol. 33, conveys to his son-in-law William Hilton, house and land in Kittery 
*' as a dowry with my daughter Reljeckah now wife unto the s*i William," in the presence 
of Fran: Champernowne, Henc : Greenland, Edw : Hilton. He was of Exeter shortly after, 
and died there about 1690, leaving a widow. Administration on his estate was granted, 9 
April, 1694, to Richard Hilton, his eldest son. He is styled Capt. William Hilton in various 
instruments. Names of such of his children as are knownto me were : 
i. Richard. ii. John. iii. William. 

+ Records of [Old] Co. of Norfolk at Salem, Lib. 2, fol. 197. 



184 Descendants of William Hillon. [April, 

i. Sarah, b. June, 1641. 
ii. CuARLEs, b. July, 1643. 
iii. Anne, b. Feb. 12, 1648. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 6, 1650 ; m. in Charlestown, Dec. 22, 1673, Timo- 
thy Cutler. 
V. William, b. June 28, 1653. 

He removed shortly after to Charlestown, bought house and land there 
of Ralph Mousall, Sept. 29, IGoo,* and there m. (2) Mehitable, daughter of 
Increase Nowell, IG: 7th mo. 1059. He was admitted a member of the 
church in Charlestown by a letter of dismission from the church in New- 
bury, Aug. 14, 1G70, and died in Charlestown, 7 : 7th mo. 1675. Adminis- 
tration on his estate was granted 14: 11th mo. 1G75, to his widow Mehita- 
ble, who m. Deacon John Cutler, 29: 8th mo. 1G84. His children, by his 
second wife, all born in Charlestown, were : 

vi. Nowell, b. May 4, bapt. May 10, 1663. (A mariner, whose will, 
dated Oct. 6, 1687, was probated Sept. 17, 1689, at Doctors Com- 
mons, London.) 

vii. Edward, b. March 3, bapt. March 4, 1666. 

viii. John, bapt. 24 : 3 mo. 1668. 

ix. KiCHARD, b. Sept. 13, bapt. Sept. 18, 1670 ; m. in Charlestown, Jan. 
22, 1711-12, Elizabeth Lord, and died there, Jan. 25, 1720-1. 

X. Charles, b. April 19, bapt. April 27, 1673. 

Beside the children above named, he had others, for Mehitable Cutler, 
then widow of Lieut. John Cutler, in her will, dated Dec. 8, 1709, probat- 
ed Oct. '22, 1711, makes her two sons, John and Richard Hilton, residuary- 
legatees and executors, on condition that they maintain their brother Sam- 
uel Hilton. Mary Hilton, who married William Marshall, in Charlestown, 
2 : 8th mo. IGGG, was another daughter of William Hilton. f 

2. William^ ( Willimn^), of York, mariner, was the son of the William 
first above named, as appears from the following deposition : " The Depo- 
sition of Majo^ John Davess aged 70 years, or y'' abouts, & Cap*^ Charles 
F[rost] aged 52 years or there abouts, these Deponents respectively tes- 
tify, & Say y* Wiliia[m] Hilton now rescident in yorke, in the province of 
Mayne, was Coiiionly known, & [repujted, to bee y'^ sonn of William Hil- 
ton Senior deceased, & formerly lived in Yorke abo[ ] on y* Tract of 
Land, y* lyeth on the South, or South West side of y^ River [ ] yorke 
over against the fishing flakes, & next the Ferry, & further Sayth no[t] 

Taken upon oath in Court this 30*^ of May 1G83: p Edw: Rishw[orth] 
Recor."$ 

He had a grant of land from the town, Aug. 25, 1G79, and another, 
which bears no date, " upon the neck of Land on the South Side of York 
River, between Arthur Bales Land, & major Shapleighs, and James AVig- 
gens & William mores Land, & the Land that was formerly m"^ William 
Hiltons, provided it be free from any mans propriety or former grant."§ 
He was one of the forty-six men who took the oath of allegiance to the 
King, March 22, 1680. Another grant of land was made to him, March 18, 

* Charlestown Archives, xxxiv. 

t Thoinits Scors and Mary Hilton, alias Downer, wci'c m. in Ncwbnrv, 11 Dec. 10-56. 
Jonathan Woodnjan and llanna Hilton were in. in Newbury, July 2, 1G68. Sara Hilton 
■was one of tlic witnesses to a deed from William Sawyer to Thomas Scares, of land in 
Newbury, dated March 21, l(i4S. (Town liecoi'tls, I. p. ;J7.) John Hilton seems to have 
been taxed in Newbury Ki-Vi (Town Records, I. p. 103), unless there is an error in the record. 

1 York Deeds, Lil).*3, fol. 12.). 

f York Town Records, I. p. 73. 



1877.] Descendants of William Hilton. 185 

1695-6. He died between March, 1699, and June, 1700, leaving a widow 
Ann* and children : 

3. i. William. 

ii. Hannah, m. (1) about 1708, John Cole. He d. about 1712 or 1713, 
and she m. (2) Mark Shepard. 

4. iii. Benjamin. 

iv. Dorcas, m. Samuel Moor. 
And probably others. 

3. William^ ( T^^7/^aw^,^ Willimn^), b. about 1678, probably in York; 
m. in Marblehead, June 2, 1699, Margaret Stilson, daughter of James and 
Margaret Stilson.f He had a grant of thirty acres of land in York, Feb. 
17, 1702-3, which, with ten acres more, formerly granted to his father 
(Aug. 25, 1679), were laid out to him, Feb. 24, 1702-3. He had another 
grant of thirty acres at the head of Bradbote, Broadbote, or Braveboat, 
Harbor, March 17, 1702-3, laid out to him, March 20, 1702-3. This last 
tract of land he conveyed to Joseph Hoult, by deed dated June 4, 1711, 
recorded with York Deeds, Lib. 7, fol. 196. In this deed he styles himself 
of York, fisherman. He already had a dwelling-house in Manchester, 
Mass., at Black Cove, in that part of the town called Newport, when he 
bought land there of Philip Nichols, Nov. 22, 1709 (Essex Deeds, Lib. 23, 
fol. 268). He bought other land adjoining, of John Seward, Sept. 30, 1714 
(Essex Deeds, Lib. 27, fol. 63). In these deeds he is styled of Manches- 
ter, fisherman and coaster. He had a dwelling-house at Muscongus, when 
he bought lands there of Richard Peirce, by deed dated Feb. 1, 1719-20 

* Her maiden name may have been Beale, for William Hilton, by deed dated March 5, 
1681, recorded with York Deeds, Lib. 7, fol. 194, conveys the above described land granted 
him by the Town of York, to his loving brother, Arthur Beale. Beale may, however, have 
married a sister of William Hilton. 

t John Brown, son of Richard Brown, of Barton Regis, co. Gloucester, England, m. 
Margaret, dan. of Francis Hayward, of Bristol, England, and settled at Pemaquid, at the 
head of New Harbor, in what is now the town of Bristol in the County of Lincoln, Maine. 
By deed dated July L5, 1625, Somerset, or Samoset, and Unnongoit, Indian Sagamores, 
conveyed to him a tract of land embracing a large part of the present County of Lincoln, 
and including Muscongus Island. He had a son John and daughters : Margaret, who m. 
Alexander, or Sander Gould ; Elizabeth, who m. Richard Peirce, son of John Peirce; and 
Emma, who m. Nicholas Deming. 

Alexander and Margaret Gould had three daughters, one of whom, Margaret, b. in Nevsr 
Harljor about 1659, m. (I) James Stilson, by whom she had children : Margaret Stilson, above 
named, b. about 1679 ; James Stilson ; a daughter whose name is not known, and perhaps 
others. [The records of the Firsc Church of Marblehead, Mass., show the admission of 
Margaret Stilson, April 18, 1686. May 2, 1686, Margarett Stilson was baptized, and, May 
16, 1686, Margarett, James, Mary and John, children of Margarett Stilson, were baptized. 
Margaret Stilson, innuba, was one of "the children of the Church, who being growne up 
did personally owne the Covenant of their Parents, & by their owne act entred themselves in 
this society," July 26, 1696, 'M)cing of age so to doe."] 

About the year 1686, 1687 or 1688, Janies Stilson, the father, while crossing the water at 
Muscongus in a canoe, was fired upon and killed by the Indians, who took his youngest 
daughter, a sucking baby, from her mother's breast, burned it in the fire and carried the 
mother and the other two children captives to Canada. In Mass. Archives, xxxviii. A. 2, 
in a list of " Nams of English Captives Redeemed from Qubek by math^ Cary in octbr 
(95)," is that of " m" Mar" Stilson Pemequd." In the following list of "Nams of thos 
Remaining Still in hands of the trench at Canada," are those of " Jam^ Stiltson [sic] boy 
Pemiqiid " and " mary : [sic] Stilson gcrll pcmqud." Mary is undoubtedly a mistake for 
Margaret. These lists were printed in the Registkr, vi. p. 87, the name of the boy being 
misprinted Stilton, After her release from captivity, Margaret Stilson, the mother, m. (2), 
in Marblehead, March 30, 1696, Thomas Pitman, who was admitted a member of the church 
in Marblehead, Feb. 4 or 6, 1686, and who died, 4 mo, 1736, aged 94. She died 11 mo, 1750, 
aged 92. 

James Stilson, the son, and his sister Margaret were afterward ransomed. He removed 
to Newcastle and Portsmouth, N. H., and she m. June 2, 1699, William Hilton, as above 
set forth. ^ The depositions hereinafter referred to, with characteristic inaccurac}^ state that 
she remained six years in captivity after the release of her mother, and twelve years in all. 



186 Descendayits of William Hilton, [April, 

(Essex Deeds, Lib. 39, fol. 70). But little reliance can be placed on the 
recitals in the numerous deeds in which he appears as grantor or grantee, 
for in these he is styled sometimes of York, and sometimes of Manchester, 
Marblehead and Muscongus, his occupation being that of mariner, coaster 
and fisherman. He evidently occupied lands at Muscongus, which he 
held in the right of his wife Margaret, and lands which he himself bought of 
Caesar Moxis and Gustin, Indian Sagamores (by deeds dated June 5, 1718, 
and Oct. 25, 1719, ICssex Deeds, Lib. 39, fols. 87, 88), but whether he was 
an actual resident, or only lived there during the fishing season in each 
year, is a matter of some doubt. He seems to have been extensively en- 
gaged in the fisheries and coasting trade at Muscongus, making great im- 
provements, and having a large stock of cattle. At a town meeting in 
Manchester, Dec. 1, 1715, he was made one of a committee to procure a 
minister to preach the gospel, and March 12, 171 5-1 G, was chosen one of 
the selectmen of Manchester. His name appears on the tax list of Man- 
chester for the years 1717 and 1718, and in the former year he was one of 
the tythingmen, and in the latter, one of the " Chowerds and feld Driveers." 
Llis wife was admitted a member of the church in Manchester, May 26, 
1717. June 11, 1719, the town laid out a highway from Black Cove, near 
Hilton's swamp and garden. In the claim entered by Margaret Hilton, 
Dec. 1, 1720, in the Book of Eastern Claims in the Secretary's office, Boston, 
she styles herself the wife of William Hilton now living at Muscongus. 
But if he had any intention of permanently settling there, the outbreak of 
hostilities with the Lidians compelled him to change his purpose. In the 
journal of the Rev. Joseph Baxter, missionary to the Eastern Indians, is the 
following : "The next Day which was Saturday, Aug: 12 [1721], we had a 
good wind, and towards night we arrived at Casco-Bay, where we met with 
M" Hilton, of Muscongus in a small vessel with his cattle and Hogs on 
board, removing to y® westward, who informed us y' all the People were 
gone from Muscongus upon y^ rumours they had heard about tlie Indians."* 
He was buried in the old burial ground at Manchester, and his gravestone 
bears this inscription : f 

Here lyeth the 

body of lifnt 

William Hilton 

Who died June 

Y« 2P' 1723 aged 

45 years. 

His widow married in Manchester, Dec. 8, 1727, John Allen, wlio died 
about 1737, and died a widow in Manchester, Nov. 17G3, aged 84 years.J 
Children of William and Margaret : 

i. Elizabeth, bapt. in Marblehead, Dec. 8, 1700; m. (1) John Knowl- 
ton {published m Manchef^tcr, Oct. 18, 1719) ; m. (2) in Manches- 
ter, Nov. 6, 1729, John llassam ; ^ m. (3) in Wenliam, Nov. 20, 

* Register, xxi, p. 55. 

t "Lifnt" is iui abbreviation for Licntenant. At the foot of the fcravc is anoflicr grave- 
stone, erected about forty years ago by the late Capt. Amos HiUon, whii-h bears what was 
intendetl to be a copy of the al)()ve inscription, which liail l>econu> almost ilU'gible from long 
exposure to the weather. By a mistake of tlie stone-cutter, however, the date of death is 
given June 23, 1723. 

X Aged 88 or 89, according to a copy of the entry in the Ciuircli Records, sent nic by 
John Lee, \\^(\., Town Clerk of Manchester. Hannah Tcwk^l)urv, in a dei)o>ition herein- 
after referred to, which is probably more correct, gives the age as 84 years. 

$ Reoisteu, xxiv. p. 414. 



1877.] Descendants of William Hilton, 187 

1744, John Day, Sen., of Manchester ; and d. a widow in Manchester 
about 1792. 

5. ii. Stilson. 

iii. Mary, bapt. in Marblehead, April 16, 1704; m. (1) Samuel Wood- 
bury {published in Manchester, Oct. 18, 1719) ; m. (2) in Manches- 
ter April 15, 1723, Benjamin Presson. 

iv. Margaret, bapt. in Marblehead, May 26, 1706 ; m. in Manchester, 
Nov. 12, 1724, Josiah Allen. 

6. V. Joshua, bapt. in Marblehead, March 14, 1707-8. 

7. vi. William. 

8. vii. Samuel, b. in Manchester, May 16, 1713 ; bapt. in Marblehead, Aug. 

9, 1713. 
viii. Thomas, bapt. in Marblehead, Aug. 14, 1715. 

9. ix. Benjamin, b. in Manchester, Aug. 27, 1717; bapt. in Manchester, 

Sept. 1, 1717. 

10. X. Amos, bapt. in Marblehead, March 12, 1720-1. [The record errone- 

ously gives the name of the mother as Mary.] 

4. Benjamin'' {William,^ William}), of York, had grant of land there, 
March 23, 1712-13. By his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Crocket, 
of Kittery, he had children, all born in York : 

i. Joshua, b. April 12, 1714. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 5, 1717. 

iii. Sarah, b. April 18, 1720. 

iv. Mary, b. Oct. 5, 1722. 

V. William, b. Nov. 11, 1724. 

vi. Benjamin, b. March 9, 1726-7. 

5. Stilson^ ( FzY^zam," William,^ William^). According to the Marble- 
head records, Stephen Hilton and Hannah Severy were m. Feb. 7, 1721. 
This is undoubtedly a mistake for Stilson Hilton, who had a wife Hannah. 
Stilson and Hannah Hilton became members of the first church in Marble- 
head, July 14, 1723. She was admitted to full communion with the church 
in Manchester, Mass., March 26, 1738. He died about 1741. His widow 
married in Manchester, Jan. 7, 1762, Richard Day. Children of Stilson 
and Hannah were : 

11. i. Stilson, bapt. in Marblehead, July 4, 1725. 

ii. Hannah, bapt. in Marblehead, March 24, 1727-8. 
iii. Elizabeth, bapt. in Marblehead, Sept. 14, 1729; m. in Manchester, 
May 14, 1749, John Tewksbury. 

12. iv. Thomas, b. in Manchester, July 15, 1733. 
V. Hannah, b. in Manchester, Jan. 6, 1735-6 ; bapt. there, Jan. 11, 1736; 

m. Jan. 24, 1757, Jacob Tewksbury. 

13. vi. Amos, b. in Manchester, Dec. 27, 1738 ; bapt. Dec. 31, 1738. 

14. vii. Samuel, b. in Manchester, Oct. 7, 1741 ; bapt. Oct. 11, 1741. 

6. Joshua^ {William,^ William,'^ William^), m. in Manchester, Mass., 
May 1, 1732, Miriam Haskell. Children, both born in Manchester, were : 

i. William, b. April 14, 1733. 
ii. John, b. Dec. 29, 1734. 

His name is found as Joshua Hilton of Sheepscott, Maine, among the 
grantors, in a deed from Stilson Hilton et al. to Elizabeth Day, widow, 
dated July 1, 1765 (Essex Deeds, Lib. 121, fol. 159), but the deed does not 
bear his signature. 

7. William^ ( William,^ William,^ William^), m. in Manchester, Mass., 
Dec. 1, 1731, Mary Lee. Names of such of their children as were born in 
Manchester, were : 



I 



F 



188 Descendants of William Hilton. [April, 

i. Mary, b. Au^r. 20, bapt. 27, 1732. 

ii. William, 1). Dec. 29, 17.'M, bapt. Jan. 5, 1734-5. 

iii. Jamks, b. June 27, bapt. July 10, 1737. 

iv. Richard, I). Sept. 1 [?], bapt. Oct. 7, 1739. 

V. Anna, b. Dec. 12, bapt. 13, 1741. 

He removed, })robably after the fall of Louisboiirg, with his wife and 
children, to Muscon<5iis, and settled at Broad Cove, on lands belonging to 
his parents.* There he lived until the summer of 17o8, when, in going by 
water from Round Pond towards Broad Cove, with three of his sons, 
William, Richard and John, the Indians fired upon them, killed and scalped 
William the son, mortally wounded the father, and slightly wounded Rich- 
ard. John, said to have been then a lad of about seventeen years, returned 
the fire and drove the Indians back, so that the survivors had time to make 
good their retreat to Round Pond, where William,^ the father, was buried. 

From the depositions and otlier papers in support of the claim of the 
Hilton heirs, below referred to, it appears that the children, born after he 
left Manchester, were as follows : 

vi. John (whose only daughter m. Thomas Hilton). 

vii. Ebenezer (d. when 4 years of age). 

viii. Ruth (in. Enoch xiveiy, and afterward Samuel Waters, Esq). 

ix. Elizabeth (bapt. in Manchester, Aui^. 12, 1750, as daughter of 

" Will-m Hilton & marj of Broad Bay;" m. David Avery, and 

afterward Ephraim Brown). 
X. Joseph (settled in New Milford). 
xi. Mathias (d. very young). 

From the same source it appears that Mary^ above named, the eldest 
daughter, married Matchlove, and died without issue ; that William,* who 

* The deed from the Sagamores Samosct and Unnongoit to Jolm Brown, dated July 15, 
1625, is said to be the hrst deed of conveyance of American soil. It was recorded, Dec. 26, 
1720, at the request of James Stilson and his sister Margaret Hilton, in a Book of Records 
of Eastern Lands. This Book was destroyed by lire when the Town House in Boston was 
burned, Dec. 9, 1747. Two attested copies of the deed, however, have been found, one of 
them recorded with York Deeds, Lib. 21, fol. 116, and the other with Lincoln Deeds, Lib. 
74, fol. 6. This deed is printed in Johnston's Hist, of Bristol and Bremen and Femaquid. 
A tract of land ei^ht miles square, being ])art of the land described in this deed, was 
conveyed l)y Brown, l}y deed dated Aug. 8, 1660 (attested copies of which are recorded with 
Lincoln Deeds, Lib. 74, fol. 7, and York Deeds, Lib. 21, fol. 116), to his daughter Margaret 
Gould, and her husband Alexander Gould, and to the heirs of licr body. Their daughter 
Margaret, then wife of Thomas Pitman, by deed dated Dec. 27, 1720 (York Deeds, Lil). 15, 
fol. 233), conveyed the same to her sou James Stilson and her daughter Margaret, then 
wife of William^ Hilton. It was this land and that which he bought of Cicsar Moxis and 
Gustin, Indian Sagamores, from which William"^ Hilton was driven by the Indians in 1721. 
During his life time, William'* Hilton seems to have held these lands against all comers, but 
after his death, and the end of the war, particularly in the years 1761, 1762 and 1763, 
settlers crowded in from every side, some claiming title under heirs of Brown, others with 
no color or pretence, but by sinqjle force, and gradually, piece b}' piece, dispossessed the 
legal owners and reduced them to a very small part of their ancestral estate. The heirs of 
William^ and Margaret Hilton made several efforts to recover the land, of which they had 
thus been disseized, both before, and immediately after, the Revolutionary war, but the 
troubles of the times i)rcvented anything from being done. The last attempt was made 
before the Commissioners appointed by the Governor of Massachusetts, to hear and deter- 
mine the rights and titles of the iu)n-resident claimants to lands within the County of 
Lincoln, in opi)Osition to the rights, titles and claims of the Commonwealth and those of 
the resident settlers thereupon. The Commissioners reported, Jan. 26, 1813, ailversely to 
the claimants. Copies of the depositions of llichard Hilton, Margaret Pitman, Hannah 
Tewksljury, llichard Peirce, Elizabeth Crafts, Sanmcl Alleu, Aaron Lee and others, the 
petition of the Hilton heirs, statement of case and other i)apers used in the hearings before 
the Commissioners, were some of them bought at an auction sale in Boston, about twenty 
years ago, by Ciiarlcs II. Morse, I'^sij., of Caml»ridge, Mass., now of Washingtim, D. C, 
from whom they i)assed into the possession of the Maine Historical Society, and some 
were found among the |)apers t)f the late CajJt. Amos Hilton. An account of this and other 
claims of land may be found in Johnston's llist. of Bristol and Bremen and Pomaciuid. 



1877. J Descendants of William Hilton. 189 

was killed as above described, left one child, who was drowned when 
very young ; that Anna^ married John McCurda ; and that James* had a 
wife Sarah and children Mary (m. Jonathan Merritt), Yfilliam, John, 
James, Jenny (m. Jonathan Peaslee), Peggy (m. Abram Hilton), Joshua, 
Joseph, Elizabeth (m. Thomas McCurda), Sally (m. Israel Woodbury), 
Susannah (m. Joseph Linscott), Lydia (m. Benjamin Hilton), and Nancy 
(m. John Lynn). But it would exceed the limits prescribed for this article 
to follow this branch of the family further. 

8. Samuel"* {William,^ William,^ William}), b. in Manchester, May 16, 
1713; m. (l)in Beverly, April 12, 1733, Eleanor Griggs, daughter of 
Jacob Griggs of Salem, removed to Marblehead and afterward to Boston. 
He had house and land in Boston on a 35f. street, now Pleasant Street.* 
Child of Samuel and Eleanor was : 

i. Sarah, b. in Boston, June 6, 1734; m. in Lunenburg, June 21, 1753, 
Abner Whitney, of District Shirley. 

He m. (2) in Newton, Mass., April 17, 1735, Sarah Clark of Newton, 
and afterward removed there, and subsequently to Lunenburg, where he 
died, March 21, 1756. She died Feb. 2, 1792. Children of Samuel and 
Sarah were : 

ii. Samuel, b. in Boston, Nov. 6, 1736. 

15. iii. Samuel, b. in Newton, Jan, 4, 1738-9. 

iv. Hannah, b. in Newton, March 21, 1740-41 ; d. May 2, 1741. 
V. WiLLL\M, b. in Newton, June 21, 1742. 
vi. Hannah, b. in Newton, Au^:^. 16. 1744. 
vii. Mary, b. in Newton, Jan. 20, 1746-7. 

viii. Elizabeth, b. in Newton, Dec. 20, 1749 ; m. April 6, 1783, John Fitz- 
gerald, 
ix. Thomas, b. in Lunenburg, June 14, 1752. 
X. David, b. in Lunenburg, April 12, 1752 [?] ; bapt. April 27, 1755. 

9. Benjamin'' ( William,^ William,^ William^), b. in Manchester, Aug. 
27, 1717 ; m. there, Jan. 9, 1737-8, Miriam Badcock, and was " killed by 
the French, "t 1746 or 1747. His widow married in Manchester, Aug. 1, 
1771, John Morse, of Beverly. Children of Benjamin and Miriam, all 
born in Manchester, were : 

i. Miriam, b. Dec. 19, 1738 ; m. May 27, 1756, Paul Leach, Jr. 
ii. Margaret, b. July 11, 1740 ; m. March 29, 1765, Charles Hill. 

16. iii. Benjamin, b. Feb. 6, 1743-4. 

iv. Elizabeth, a posthumous daughter, b. June 6, bapt. June 7, 1747 ; m. 
in Beverly, April 26, 1765, Joseph Foster, Jr., of Beverly. 

10. Amos* (William,^ William,^ William^), mariner, bapt. in Marble- 
head, March 12, 1720-21 ; m. in Manchester, Mass., July 17, 1740, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Nathaniel Lee, and was " killed by the Indians.''^ Ad- 
ministration on his estate was granted, Aug. 20, 1744, to his widow Eliza- 
beth, who m. (2) Joseph Hill, July 16, 1746, and (3), Oct. 10, 1752, in 
Manchester, Nathaniel Rogers of Wenham. Children of Amos and Elizabeth, 
both born in Manchester, were : 

17. i. Amos, b. Oct. 26, 1741. 

18. ii. Nathaniel, b. July 8, 1744. 

11. Stilson^ (^Stilson* William,^ William^ William^), mariner, bapt. in 

* Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 53, fol. 140; Lib. 68, fol. 59 and fol. 61. 

t Deposition of Ricliard Hilton. 

X Deposition of llichard Hilton and unvarying family tradition. 

VOL. XXXI. IT 



190 Descendants of William Hilton, [April, 

Marbleliead, July 4, 1725 ; m. in IMuncliester, Mass., July 23, 1747, Mar- 
garet Allen, dauijjhter of Josiah Allen. A Stilson Hilton (probably this 
JStilson) was a private in Caj)t. Joseph Whipple's company* raised for the 
defence of the sea-coast in the County of Essex, July lo-Dec. 31, 1775, 
and was one of the American prisoners of war exchanged at Halifax, June 
28, 1777, having been taken in the "Washington" privateer.* He died 
in Manchester, Dec. 29, 1795. She died a widow, Sept. 7, 1799. Their 
children, all born in Manchester, were : 

i. Margaret, b. Jan. 1, 1748-9 ; d. April 29, 1750. 

19. ii. Stilson, b. March 2, 1750-51. 

iii. Jacoh, b. Au-^. 12, 1753 ; d. 1781. 

iv. Margaret, b. July 22, 1755 ; d. May, 1759. 

V. Mary, bapt. July 21, 1757 ; d. July, 1759. 

vi. TuoMAS, b. April 27, 1759 ; d. June, 1771. 

vii. Hannah, b. March 8, 1701 ; m. July 17, 1783, William Dow. 

viii. Margaret, b. July 27, 1763; d. June, 1765. 

12. Thomas* (StiIso7i,^ William,^ William,^ William^), mariner, b. ir> 
Manchester, Mass., July 15, 1733; m. in Manchester, Dec. 9, 1755, Susan- 
na Lee, and died in France about 1758. His widow died in Manchester, 
Oct. 17, 1805, aged 71 years. Child : 

i. Susannah, b. in Manchester, Aug. 3, 1757 ; m. Sept. 26, 1776, Ezekiel 
Leach, and d. Aug. 2, 1792. 

13. Amos* (Stilson,'^ William,^ WilUam,'^ William^), b. in Manchester, 
Mass., Dec. 27, 1738 ; m. there, Aug. 5, 1702, Mary Lee. Names of such 
of their children as were born in Manchester, were : 

i. Molly, b. Feb. 17, 1764. 
ii. Thomas, b. Nov. 8, 1765. 
iii. Amos, b. June 30, 1767. 

lie removed, probably before the Revolutionary war, to Nova Scotia, 
where his descendants are still numerous. Two of his children were living 
as late as 18G9. Nathan Hilton, Esq., of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, has 
collected much information as to this branch of the family. 

14. Samuel* {Stilso7i,^ William,^ William,^ William'^), b. in Manches- 
ter, Mass., Oct. 7, 1741, was in Col. William Allen's regiment, and after- 
ward in Capt. Andrew Gidding's company. Col. Jonathan Bagley's regi- 
ment, of Provincial troops, raised for the invasion of Canada, 1759.* He 
m. about 17G1, Judith Carter, of Gloucester (published April 29, 1761). 
Child : 

i. Samuel, b. in Manchester, March 19, 1762. 

His name is found, as Samuel Hilton of Sheepscott, Maine, among the 
grantors in a deed from Stilson Hilton et al., to Elizabeth Day, widow, 
dated July 1, 1705, Essex Deeds, Lib. 121, fol. 159, but the deed does not 
bear his signature. 

15. Samuel* (Samuel,^ William,^ William,^ WiUia)n^), b. in Newton, 
Mass., Jan. 4, 1738-9; m. in Lunenburg, Nov. 17, 1703, Kebecca Stick- 
ney, and died there, Jan. 15, 1823. She died July 1, 1818. Children : 

i. Sarah, b. in Lunenburg, March 1, 1708 ; m. in Lunenburg, Dec. 27, 

1787, Solomon (Ireen, of Jaflrey. 
ii. Rehkcca, b. in Lunenburi^, Nov. 14, 1770 ; m. in Lunenburg, May 31 

1798, Stephen Nichols, of Wcstford. 

• Muster Rolls. 



1877.] Descendants of William Hilton, 191 

iii. Samuel, bapt. in private, Aug. 14, 1773 ; d. Jan. 1774, 

20. iv. Samuel, b. in Lunenburg, Jan. 19, 1775. 

16. Benjamin* {Benjamin,'^ William,^ Wllliam\^ William}), mariner, 
b. in Manchester, Mass., JB'eb. 6,1743-4; m. Jan. 20, 1767, Judith Searl, 
and was lost at sea about 1772, comino- from the West Indies. Child : 

21. i. Benjamin, b. in Manchester, Dec. 26, 1771. 

17. Amos^ {Amos,^ William,^ William,^ William^), master mariner, b. 
in Manchester, Mass., Oct. 26, 1741, was in Capt. Fuller's company of Col. 
Bagley's regiment, in the expedition to Lake George, 1758, and at Louis- 
bourg in 1759 and 1760, in Capt. Andrew Gidding's company of Col. Jon- 
athan Bagley's regiment of Provincial troops.^ He m. in Beverly, Nov. 
16, 1762, Apphia Brown, and was lost at sea about 1783. Administration 
on his estate was granted to his widow. May 6, 1788. She died a widow 
in Manchester, July 25, 1815, aged 76. Children : 

22. i. Amos, b. in Beverly, April 6, 1764. 
ii. Joseph, b. in Beverly, July 1, 1767. 

iii. Mary, m. (1) in Manchester, April 19, 1796, George Cross, Jr. ; m. 

(2) Nourse, and died a widow in Manchester, Jan. 29, 1863, 

aged 92 years and 8 mos, 
iv. Elizabeth, b. in Manchester, April 15, 1770; m. Sept. 7, 1788, George 

Cross [Jr.], and died Aug. 12, 1789. 
V. Nathan, b. in Manchester, Nov. 16,1773. 
vi. Apphia, b. in Manchester, May 24, 1775 ; m. (1) July 4, 1793, Nehe- 

miah Driver ; m. (2) about 1805, Charles Adams, of Beverly, 
vii. Hannah, b. in Manchester, May 14, 1778; m. (1) March 15, 1798, 

George Norton ; m. (2) about 1804, Thomas Leach, 
viii. Peggy, m. Jan. 16, 1801, Willinm Girdler, and d. a widow in Beverly, 

Dec. 14, 1861, aged 79 j^ears 11 mos. 
ix. William, b. in Manchester, June 1, 1783. 

18. Na^tiianiel* (Amos,^ William,^ William,^ William^), b. in Manches- 
ter, Mass., July 8, 1744; had a wife Martha, who died a widow in Man- 
chester, Oct. 30, 1839, aged 90 years, and children, all born in Manchester: 

L Nathaniel, b. Aug. 23, 1768 ; d. Oct. 7, 1768. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 25, 1769 ; m. June 30, 1789, Benjamin Crombie. 

23. iii. Nathaniel Rogers, b. Feb. 17, 1774. 

iv. Thomas, b. April 1, 1777 ; bapt. April 6, 1777 (as son of Thomas [?] 
and Martha) ; d. April 7, 1777, or April 3, 1778. 

V. Patty, b. June 26, 1782; d. Feb. 14, 1784. (Bapt. according to 
church records, July 2, 1781, and died Feb. 14, 1783.) 

vi. Thomas, b. Aug. 22, 1784; d. Nov. 21, 1801. 

vii. Patty, b. Aug. 8, 1787; m. Nov. 28, 1805, John Orsment Morgan. 

viii. Susannah, b. June 4, 1791 ; m. Dec. 27, 1815, Jacob Morgan. 

19. Stilson^ (Stilson,* Stihon,"^ WiUiayn,^ William,^ William^), b. in 
Manchester, Mass., March 2, 1750-51 ; m. Jan. 25, 1774, Lois Tewxbury, 
daughter of John Tewxbury. He was mate of the " Liverpool " sloop, pri- 
vateer,! 1780, and died March 5, 1829. His wife died April 17, 1825, aged 
about 70 years. The date of his death and that of four of his children 
are not found in the Town Records, but are taken from an old family bible 
in the possession of one of his descendants. Children, all born in Man- 
chester, were : 

* Muster Rolls. Journal of Gibson Clough, printed in Hist. Coll. of Essex Institute, iii. 
199,201. 
t Muster E-olls. 



192 Descendants of William Hilton. [April, 

i. Betty, b. Dec. IG, 1776 ; d. March 24, 1818. 

ii. Lois, b. May 14, 1781; m. (1) Oct. 4, 1829, Neheminh Abbott; in. 

(2) Benjamin Croinbie, and died a widow, Jan. 26, 1864. 

iii. Molly, b. Sept. 4, 1784 ; d. Jan. 22, 1807. 

iv. Makgahkt, f). Sept. 26, 1788 ; d. Feb. 24, 1829. 

T. Sarah, b. Nov. 3, 1791 ; d. Dec. 21, 1826. 

vi. Hannah, b. May 28, 1793 ; d. July 9, 1828. 

20. Samukl** {SamneU' Samuel,'^ William,^ William,^ William^), b. in 
Lunenburg, Jan. 19, 1775; in. (1) in Westford, Feb. 20, 1801, Nancy 
Brooks, of Westfonl. She died JMay 17, 1808, and he m. (2) June oU, 
1813, Mary Barrett. Tliey lemoved to Temple, Me.,* where they died 
about . Children, all by his first wife, and all born in Lunenburg, 
were : 

i. Nancy, b. Sept. 26, 1801 ; m. Stephen Norman Nichols. 

ii. Mary, b. July 4, 1803 ; married Thomas Spnuldinir. 

iii. Samuel, b. xMay 18, 1805: (m. 15 March, 1H32, Mary Chandler, and 

after the birth of one child, Mary B., b. Aug. 29, 1832, removed to 

Temple, Me.*) 
iv. Sophia, b. May 9, 1807 ; m. Nov. 30, 1829, Hilliard E. Woodward, of 

Chelmsford. 

21. Benjamin^ (Benjamin,^ Benjamin,'^ William,^ William,^ William^), 
b. in Manchester, Mass., Dec. 26, 1771 ; m. in Beverly, June 1, 1794, 
Elizabeth Morse, daughter of William Morse. Administration on his 
estate was granted June 5, 1810, to Mrs. Judith Hilton, probably his mother. 
Children of Benjamin and Elizabeth, both born in Beverly, were: 

i. Elizabetu, b. Jidy 8, 1797; ra. in Beverly, Aprils, 18U, Joseph 

Russell, of Manchester, and d. in Beverly, March 9, 1860. 
ii. JuDrrn, b. Sept. 16, 1799 ; d. Sept. 19, 1801. 

22. Amos^ (Amos,^ Amos,^ William,^ William,^ William^), master mar- 
iner, b. in Beverly, April 6, 17G4; m. in Manchester, Mass., Dec. 15, 1785, 
Nabby Ober, and was lost at sea al)out 1796. Administration on his estate 
was granted, Feb. 7, 1803, to Nabby Hilton his widow, who ra. in Man- 
chester, Mass., Feb. 22, 1803, Asa Heri-ick, of Concord, N. IL, and died 
in Concord, N. IL, March 11, 1841. Children of Amos and Nabby, all 
born in Manchester, Mass., were : 

24. i. Amos, b. March 26, 1786. 

ii. Nabby, b. Feb. 8, 1788; m. in Concord, N. H., about 1813, Isaac 
Long, of Hopkinton, N. IL, and d. in Concord, N. IL, July 20, 1870. 
iii. Joseph, b. Aug. 30, 1791 ; d. Feb. 11, 1792. 
iv. Israel Ober, b. June 27, 1793 ; d. in Concord, N. II. , Dec. 20, 1813. 

23. Nathaniel Rogers® {Nathaniel,^ Amos,'^ William,^ William,^ Wil- 
liam}), usually called Nathaniel Hilton, Jr., b. in jMauchester, ^Mass., Feb. 
17,1774; m. there, Nov. 9, 1797, Patty Crombie, and died alxnit 1804. 
His widow m. Oct. 31, 1805, Capt. Joseph Porter, and died a widow, in 
that part of Maiden which is now Everett, June 10, 18G5, agetl about 90 
years. Child of Nathaniel and Patty : 

i. Charlota, b. in ]Mancliester, July 20, 1798; m. in Charlestown, (1) 
John Gurney,May 16, 1819: (2) Sanuiel S. Sargent, April 10, 1828; 
and d. a widow in Everett, Mass., July 11, 1873. 

* Tills ptntemcnt is tji.uIo on tlie authority of a manuscript entitled " Gcnoalofrios of 
Families in the Town of Luncnl)ur;,% Massachusetts. From tlu> tirst Sctrlomont (>rrhc Town 
in 1719 to 1874. Prepared I'nan various sources and arrunirod l)v Gcor.i^c A. Cni:nin.i,diain," 
mow deceased. It is in the possession of his motlier, Mrs. N. K. Cuni\in;;liani, of Lunenl)uri:. 



1877.] Descendants of William Hilton, 193 

24. Amos"^ (Amos,^ Ainos,^ Amos,'* William,^ William,^ Williwn}), mas- 
t'^r mariner, b. in Manchester, Mass., March 26, 1786; in. July 3, 1808, 
Hannah Leach, daughter of E^zekiel Leach, and died in Boston, Nov. 24, 
1850. She died a widow, in Boston, Jan. 2, 18G4, aged about 75. Child- 
ren, all born in Manchester, Mass. : 



I, till. Kjyji.i.1 iii a.ij.c*iiv^iJ\_/OL>.^i , 



i. Hannah Leach, b. April 2, 1809; m. (1) Nov. 10, 1830, John Rich- 
ards; m. (2) Aug. 19, 1841, Henry F. Lee, and d. June 7, 1846. 

ii. Amos, b. April 27, 1812 ; d. in Boston, March 11, 1858, unmarried. 

iii. Abigail Ober, b. iMay 5, 1816; m. in Manchester, Mass., May 15, 
1836, John Hassam,* oi" Boston. 



The intentions of marriage of Timothy Starns [sic\ and Polly Hilton 
were published in Manchester, Jan. 27, 1793. 



In Force's Collection of Historical Tracts, Vol. IV., Washington, 1846, 
is a reprintof " A ( Relation | of | A Discovery lately made on the Coast 
of I Florida, | (From Lat. 31. to 33 Deg. 45 Min. North-Lat.) | By Wit- 
Ham Hilton Commander, and | Commissioner with Capt. Anthony Long, | 
and Peter Fabian, in the Ship Adventure, which set | Sayl from Spikes 
Bay, Ang. 10. 1663. and was | set forth by several Gentlemen and Mer- | 
€hants of the Island of Barbadoes. | Giving an account of the nature 
and tempera j ture of the Soyl, the manners and disposition | of the Natives, 
and whatsoever else is ] remarkable therein. | 

Together with | Proposals made by the Commissioners | of the Lords Pro- 
prietors, to all such per | sons as shall become the first Setlers on the | 
Rivers, Harbors, and Creeks there. I London, | Printed by J. C. for Simon 
Miller at the Star neer the West-end of St. Pauls, 1664." 

In this voj'age the Carolina coast was explored, and names were given 
to various localities. One of the rivers was called Hilton's River, tlilton 
Head, which was occupied by the Federal troops during the Civil War, may 
have taken its name from this navigator. It is found on the earliest map 
of South Carolina I have been able to consult, that of T. JeiFerys, London, 
1757. 



In Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 7, fol. 226, is the following deposition : " Sept. 
y^ 13"^ 1671 Appeared before me John Tuder Aged about 22 years or 
thereabouts being Sworne before mee Deposeth as foloweth 

That theese three Ticketts now showne with the Name of Christopher 
Codrington to them was delivered to the said John Tuder by Walter Brie 
for the procurem* of the passage of Paul Stephens John Hunt & Stephen 
Miller of & from the Island of Barbados in the Amity Cap' William Hil- 
ton Comander & that they are to the best of his knowledge the Gouern" 
hand And further this deponent Saith not. sworne before us the 13'^ of 
Septeml/ 1671 Jn^ Leuerett Dep* Go' 

Elia Lusher 

Recorded & compared 15: 7'^ 1671 p ffreegrace Bendall Cler." 



Administration on the estate of William Hilton, mariner, " lately belong- 
ing to his Maj*'*^^ good shipp or vessell called the Deptford ffrigott Cap* Carr 
Comander granted to his brother Richard Hilton of the town^^ of Portsm° 
yeoman."-Nov. 25, 1700. — (Rockingham Probate Records.) 

* Register, xxiv. 414. 
VOL. XXXI. IT* 



194 Descendants of William Hilton, [April, 

There was a "William Hilton of Gloucester, who is said by the Hon. John 
J. ]5abson to luive nuuried there, Nov. 20, 1711, Mary Tucker, perhaps 
daughter of John Tucker. Childieii : Mary, b . Au^r. 30, bapt. Oct. 2G, 1712 ; 
Sandi, b. April 4, bapt. Sept. 18, 1715, d. April 20, 1721; AVilliam, b. 
A\\<r. 4, bapt. Oct. 0, 1717 ; and Elizabeth, b. May 20, bapt. June o, 1720. 

AVilliani Hilton, Jr., and ]\Iary AVhaif were niarriiid in Gloucester, Sept. 
22,1741. His daut^hter Sarah was born Aug. 7, 1747. William Hilton 
and Anna Peiinv were m. in CJloucester, Oct. 27, 17G1. 



(Records of Mass. iv.. Part 1st, p. 430. J 

At a General Court held at Boston, May 31, 16G0, "In ans' to the 
petition of Willjam Hilton, humbly craving this Courts alio wane & con- 
firmation of a deed of guift of six miles square of land lying on y*^ Riuer 
Pennieconacpiigg, being a riulet running into the Riuer Peuacooke, w**^ two 
miles of the best meadow lying on the north east side of Pennacook, giuen 
to his father & him in y*^ yeere 1G3G by Tahanto, y*^ sagamore there ; & 
the Court, hauing considered y'^ contents of this petition, judg meete not 
to graunt the same, but considering the petitioners grounds for the approba- 
tion of the Indians graunt, doe judge meete to graunt that three hundred 
acres of the sajd land be sett out to the petitioner by a coiviittee chosen by 
this Court, so as that it may not prejudice any plantation ; and this as a 
finall end of all future clajmes by virtue of such graunt from the Indians." 

(Massachusetts Archives xvi. 3G4.) "To the honored Gen^^ Court Now 
sitting in Boston the 18*^ March 1G8| The humble petition of James Rus- 
sell Kxecuto'' to his honored ffather Richd Russell Esq"" to this honored 
Court is y* whereas my honored ffather long Since bought of m"^ William 
Hilton of Charlstowne A certain pcell or tract of Land y* was conveyd 
to y^ Said Hilton by tahanto Indian Saggamoar of penny Cooke and Also 
Acknowledged & recorded, as Appears by Said Deeds in Court, w*^'' Still 
want the Confirmation of this Court to make y*^ Said Deeds Authentick, 
w'^^ is humbly requested from this Court y* they wold pleas to confirme y' 
Same w^^ will oblidge 

Yo"" humble Serv' 

Ja: Russell." 



William Hilton was admitted to full communion with the church at Wen- 
ham, 171G. 



[The utter lack of any system of registration of births, deaths and mar- 
riages at Dover, York and Kittery, during the earlier period of their 
history, renders a complete genealogy of any of the families of their 
first settlers almost impossible. The destruction by fire, in 1742, of tin 
Church Records of York is particularly to be deplored. It is to be lioped. 
however, that this contribution to a genealogy of the Hilton family may 
result in brinuinu: to li^ht more information concernin<x it. Such informa- 
lion, especially in regard to the earlier generations, will be gladly received 
'by the compiler. All dates in this article prior to 1751 are old style. 

J. T. H.] 



1877.] Chiirclies in Ilarwinton and Soiithington, Ct. 1.95 



CHURCHES IN HARWINTON AND SOUTHINGTON, CT. 

By Jeiiiel Chester Hart, Esq., of Plainville, Ct. 

rr^HE Rev. R. Manning Chipman, in his history of Harwinton, 
JL published in 1860, says Daniel Messenger was the pioneer 
settler of the town ; that he came from Hartford, Ct., in the month 
of January, 1730. In him we recognize the founder of the town. 

The first town meeting in Harwinton was held at the house of 
Jacob Benton, on December 20, 1737. The town was incorporated 
by act of the legislature. The session began Oct. 13, 1737. The 
Rev. Mr. Chipman states that the church was organized and the 
first minister settled on the same day, Oct. 4, 1738. The first set- 
tled minister was the Rev. Andrew Bartholomew. A slab of oneis- 
sic stone, in the ancient grave-yard at Harwinton Centre, presents 
an inscription as follows : 

" Here lies the Body of the | Rev^ Andrew Bartholomew | The 1^' Pas- 
tor of the Church | of Christ in Harwinton who | with filial regard for the | 
Glory of god studiously | Labored in the viiiyard | of Christ 38 years. 
A lover | of piety peace and good | order and zealous for the faith | he 
died March the G'^ AD | 1776 in the 63^ year of his age." 

The act incorporating the first Ecclesiastical Society of Southing- 
ton was passed Saturday morning, May 30, 1724, O. S. This 
Society was taken from the ancient town of Farmington, south of 
the old society. The first minister was the Rev. Daniel Buck. He 
was not settled, but supplied the pulpit about two years. The first 
settled minister was the Rev. Jeremiah Curtiss, ordained Nov. 13, 
1728, and Thomas Barnes and Samuel Woodruff were chosen to be 
deacons, and were ordained April 9, 1729. Mr. Curtiss was dis- 
missed in 1755, and died March 21, 1795, aged ^S years. His 
pastorate continued about twenty-seven years. The following is the 
inscription on his tomb-stone : 

" This Monument is j Erected in Memory of the | Rev Jeremiah Cur- 
tiss I He Early devoted himself to the | Gospel Ministry | He was settled 
Nov 1728 I in the 23^ year of his age & was | dismiss*^ regularly 1754 
or 5 I Integrity Meekness & Humility | were conspicuous & acknowledged 
I parts of his character both in | public and private life. | The memory of 
the Just is Blessed." 

The second minister of Southington was the Rev. Benjamin 
Chapman, ordained March 17, 1756; dismissed Sept. 2S, 1774; 
died June 22, 1786, aged 61 years; pastorate eighteen years. The 
third pastor of Southington Church was the Rev. William Robin- 
son. [See his life, by his son Prof. Edward Robinson, noticed in 
Register, xiii. 175.] The fourth pastor was the Rev. David L. 
Ogden, ordained Oct. 31, 1821; dismissed Sept. 13, 1836; died 
at New Haven, Oct. 31, 1863, aged 71 years. The fifth pastor was 



19G Washincjton to Knox, 1789. [April, 

the Rev. Elisha Cowlcs eTones, ordained June 28, 1837. He died 
iNIarch 9, 1872, aiijed 65 years ; pastorate thirty-five years. After 
the death of Mr. Jones, the liev. Ah:xandci' Ilall supplied the pulpit 
for some lenu-th of time, until called to the church in Plainville. 
In 1872, the Rev. H. II. Timlow was invited to become pastor 
of the church, and was installed Feb. 27, 1873; dismissed in the 
winter of 1875, and now has joined the Episcopalians. Sept. 15, 
187G, the Rev. C P. Osborne was installed pastor of tlie church. 

The second ConjT^reii^ational Church of Southinofton ia located at 
Plantsville, and appears to flourish. The late pastor, Mr. Eastman, 
was dismissed within the year past. 



LETTER OF WASHINGTON TO KNOX, APRIL 1, 1789. 

T) EAR- ADMIRAL Henry Knox Thatcher, U.S.N., who some 
XV years ago presented to the New England Historic, Genealogi- 
cal Society the invaluable manuscripts of his grandfather, General 
Henry Knox, of the Revolution (a??ie, xxvii. 430), read at the 
annual meeting of this Society, on the 3d of January last, the fol- 
lowing letter from Gen. Washington to Gen. Knox, which he had 
recently found among his papers, and which he now presented to the 
Society. It was written while Washington was waiting for oflficial 
notice tliat he had been elected to the office of President of the 
United States. 

Mount Vernon, April 1, 1789. 
My Dear Sir, 

The Mail of the 30^^ brought me your favor of the 23^, For which, 
& the regular information you have had the goodness to transmit of the 
state of things in New York, I feel myself very much obliged, and thank 
you accordingly. I feel for those Members of the new Congress, who, 
hitherto, have given an unavailing attendance at the theatre of business. 
For myself, the delay may be compared to a repi'ieve ; for in confidence I 
can assure you — with the world it would obtain little credit — that my move- 
ments to the chair of Goverrnnent will be accompanied with feeliugs not 
unlike those of a culprit who is going to the place of his execution ; so unwil- 
ling am I in the evening of a life nearl}^ consumed in public cares to quit 
a peaceful abode for an ocean of dilliculties, without that competency of 
political skill, abilities and inclination which is necessary to manage the helm. 

I am sensible that I am embarking the voice of my Countrymen and a 
good name of my own on this voyage, but what returns will be made for 
them Heaven alone can foretell. Integrity & firmness are all that I can 
promise — these be the voyage long or short never shall forsake me although 
I may be dcseiled by all men. For of the consolations which are to be de- 
rived from these (under any circumstances) the world cannot deprive me. 

With best wishes for IM" Knox & sincere friendship for yourself, I re- 
main Your affectionate 

The Ilon'^'^ G^ Washington, 

Maj"" Gen' Knox. 



1877.] The Cressey Family. 197 



GENEALOGY OF THE CRESSEY FAMILY, DESCENDANTS 

OF MIGHILL CRESSEY OF SALEM AND 

IPSWICH, MASS. 

By George Brainard Blodgette, A.M., of Rowley, Mass. 

MIGHILL' CRESSEY landed at Salem, with his brother William, 
probably in the year 1649. He was 30 years old in 1658 (Regis- 
ter, vol. vi. p. 249). He lived for a time in the family of Lieut. Thomas 
Lathrop, afterward Capt. Lathrop, who with sixty of his soldiers fell in the 
massacre by the Indians at Bloody Brook, in Deerfield, Sept. 18, 1675. 
They were styled "the flower of Essex." From June, 1652, to May, 
1656, he lived in the family of Joshua Ray, at " Royal Side," Salem, now 
Beverly (annexed Sept. 12, 1753). His brother William settled in Con- 
necticut. Mighill' married, 1658, Mary, dau. of John and Elizabeth 
Bachelder, of " Royal Side." She was bapt. at Salem, Sept. 19, 1640, and 
died in childbed, August, 1659. The child survived. He then moved to 
Ipswich, and married, April 6, 1660, Mary, dau. of Mark Quilter of 
Ipswich. She was born in Ipswich, May 2, 1641. 

Mighill' Cressey died in Ipswich, April, 1670. The record of the court 
concerning the settlement of his estate is as follows : "May 3 1670 — Mig- 
hill Cresie dyeing intestate The Court grants Administration unto Mary 
Cresie the widdow. A[nd] there being an Inventory presented of fifty- 
two pounds, and foure children The Court order the eldest sonn to have 8^ 
in the land at Salem if it be worth it or elce made up 8^ and the other 3 
children 4^ a peece all when they come to age. The widdow to enjoy the 
rest ©f the Estate." His children were : 

1. i. JoHN,^ b. August, 1659, in Salem. 

2. il. MiGHiLL,^ b. April 1, 1661, in Ipswich. 

3. iii. William, 2 b. 1663, in Ipswich. 

iv. Mary,2 b. 1667, in Ipswich ; m. April 20, 1698, Samuel Hidden of 
Rowley. 

Mary his widow, with her three children, moved to Rowley, Mass., 
April, 1671. The oldest son, John, lived at Salem with his grandfather 
Bachelder. She died in Rowley, May 7, 1707. This christian name is 
sometimes spelled "Michael" on old records, but MighilP Cressey, the 
emigrant, spelled his own name " MigtLGl CreSSe." 

On the various records I find this surname (Cressey) spelled in twenty- 
three different ways. 

1. JoHN^ Cressey (IfighiW^) was born at "Royal Side," Salem, Aug. 
1659. In 1675 he chose in court his uncle Joseph 
Bachelder to be his guardian. Was a tailor. He 
m. Sarah, dau. of John and Mary (Tredwell) 
Gaines of Ipswich. She was b. in Ipswich, Nov. 
23, 1665, and d. at " Royal Side," April 4, 1751. 
His home was in Salem on land at " Royal Side," 
formerly of his grandfather Bachelder. He was 
a deacon of the second church in Beverly. His 
grave is marked by a slate-stone, the inscription on 
which is printed in the margin. His will was dated June 12, 1734, and 
approved August 18, 1735. Children: 



Here Lyeth the 

Body of Deacon 

John Cresy who 

died July y^ 22^ 1735 

In y^ 76*^ year of 

his ao-e. 



198 The Cressey Family, [April, 

i. Mary,^ b. July 7, bapt. Aug. 2, 1686; m. Joseph Foster of Ipswich ; 

pub. July 19, 1712. 
ii. JoHN,^' b. Sept. 9, bapt. Oct. 14, 1688; d. Dec. 17, 1690. 
iii. Sarah,^' b. Aug. 3, bapt. Aug. 7, 1692 ; m. Feb. 2, 1718-9, James Smith 

of Beverly. 

4. iv. JoiiN,^ b. Aunj. 5, bapt. Aug. 5, 1694. 

5. V. Joseph,^ b. June 19, bapt. June 21, 1696. 

6. vi. Daniel,^ b. July 11, bapt. July 16, 1698. 

7. vii. JoB,3 b. Dec. 17, 1699, bapt. Jan. 16, 1699-1700. 

8. viii. Benjamin,^ b. April 5, bapt. April 19, 1702. 

ix. Hannah,^ b. June 24, bapt. July 8, 1705; m. Daniel Wallis of Bev- 
erly; pub. Aug. 1, 1725. 

X. Abigatl,^' b. Oct. 15, bapt. Oct. 26, 1707; m. Nov. 13, 1729, Bartholo- 
mew Allen of Manchester. 

9. xi. NoAH,3 b. Aug. 24, bapt. Sept. 3, 1710. 

2. MiGHiLL^ Cressey [Mlghill^) was born in Ipswich, April 1, 1661. 
Moved to Rowley with his mother, 1671, and died there, Oct. 5, 1740. He 
m. Aug. 20, 1686, Sarah, dau. of Andrew and Sarah Hidden of Rowley. 
She was b. Oct. 1, 1661 ; d. April 15, 1751. He settled his estate in his 
lifetime by deeds. (Essex Deeds, lib. 40, fol. 2, and lib. 83, fol. 50.) 
Children : 

i. MiGHiLL,^ b. Feb. 27, bapt. March 3, 1688-9 ; m. Martha Dutch, of 

Ipswich, and died July 15, 1720, without issue. 
ii. Joseph.^ b. Dec. 5, bapt. Dec. 7, 1690, not mentioned in settlement 

of father's estate. 
iii. Sarah,^ b. Dec. 7, bapt. Dec. 11, 1692; m. Dec. 9, 1714, Benjamin 

Scott of Rowley. 

10. iv. Jonathan,-'' b. May 11, bapt. May 12, 1695. 

V. Tamer,^ b. Feb. 4, bapt. Feb. 6, 1697-8 ; d. May 29, 1716, unra. 
vi. Abigail,^' b. April 15, bapt. April 20, 1701 ; m. Nov. 11, 1720, William 
Rowse of Rowley. 

11. vii. David,3 b. March 5, bapt. March 12, 1703-4. 

3. William^ Cressey (MighilP) was born in Ipswich, 1663 ; moved to 
Rowley with his mother, 1671. He m. Jan. 23, 1686-7, Anne, dau. of 
Andrew and Sarah Hidden of Rowley. She was b. June 22, 1668; d. 
June 24, 1748. He d. Feb. 9, 1717-18. Administration granted to son 
John,^ March 18, 1717-18. Children : 

i. Anne,3 b. April 5, 1688, bapt. Sept. 29, 1689; m. Samuel Tenney of 

Rowley ("Jan. 1712?). 
ii. William,^ Dapt. Aug. 3, 1690; d. in Ipswich, 1714, without issue ; his 

widow Mary d. in Rowley, Jan. 30, 1722-3. 

12. iii. JoHN,3 b. Dec. 4, bapt. Dec. 18, 1692. 

iv. Mary,=' b. Nov. 4, bapt. Nov. 8, 1696; m. March 5, 1717-8, James 

Brown of Rowley. 
V. Hannah,^ b. April 1, bapt. April 2, 1699; m. Oct. 3, 1725, John 

Hodgkins of Rowley. 

13. vi. Abel,^ b. Dec. 27, bapt. Dec. 29, 1700. 

14. vii. SaxMuel,^ b. July 23, 1704, bapt. same day. 
viii. Mark,^ bapt. March 24, 1705-6; d. in infancy. 

15. ix. Joseph,^ b. July 4, bapt. July 6, 1707. 

4. JoHN^ Cressey [John^ Mlghill^) was born in Salem, Aug. 5, 1694. 
He m. Nov. 20, 1717, Mary Lovett of Beverly, and d. Oct. 19, 1718. His 
widow m. June 28, 1722, John Conant of Beverly. Child : 

16. i. John,* bapt. Feb. 1, 1718-19. 

5. Joseph* Cressey (,/o/m,~ MigJiiW^) was born in Salem, June 19, 
1696. AVas a yeoman. He m. twice: first, Feb. 26, 1718-9, Sarah, dau. 



1877.] The Cressey Family, 199 

of William and Hannah Dodge of Salem. She was b. 1701 ; d. Sept. 30, 
1732. He m. second, April 25, 1734, Hannah Holton of Salem. She d. 
March 31, 1783, aged 74. He d. March, 17G7, leaving a will dated March 
5, 17G7, approved April 6, 17G7. Wife Hannah and son Andrew'* named 
executors. His children, all b. at " Royal Side," were : 

i. IIanxNah,* b. July 25, bapt. July 30, 1721 ; m. Porter. 

ii. Abigail,^ bapt. March 7, 1724-5 ; d. May 7, 1726. 

iii. Infont dau.,^ d. Jan. 29, 1726-7. 

iv. Infant child,* d. Dec. 18, 1727. 

V. Infant son,* d. July 29, 1729. 

vi. Sarah,* b. Jan. 6, bapt. Jan. 12, 1734-5; m. Aug. 8, 1758, Samuel 

Dove of Salem. 
vii. Susanna,* b. Sept. 10, 1736 ; m. Feb. 21, 1764, Joseph Masury of Salem. 
viii. Joseph,* b. Aug. 10, bapt. Aug. 20, 1738; d. before March 5, 1707. 
ix. MEHriABLE,* b. March 25, bapt. March 30, 1740; m. April 28, 1767, 

Nathaniel Yell. 
X. James,* bapt. March 11, 1743-4 ; d. before March 5, 1767. 
xi. Andrew,* bapt. Feb. 9, 1745-6 ; m. Mary Woodbury ; pub. June 24, 

1770. 
xii. Amos,* bapt. Oct. 2, 1748; m. Nov. 8, 1774, Anna Thissell. 
xiii. Hannah,* m. Benjamin Woodman, Jr., of Salem, pub; Sept. 3, 1769. 

6. Daniel^ Cressey [John,^ MighilV) was born in Salem, July 11, 
1698. Was a yeoman. He m. Oct. 20, 1720, Sarah Ingleson (probably 
dau. of John and Mary Ingleson) of Salem. About 1740 he moved to 
Connecticut. Nothing further is as yet known of him. Children : 

17. i. John,* b. July 31, 1721. 

ii. Ruth,* bapt. Jan. 20, 1722-3 ; d. June 4, 1723. 

iii. Mary,* b. April 11, bapt. April 19, 1724; m. March 5, 1745-6, Abner 

Ashley of llampton. Conn. 
iv. Ruth,* 'bapt. March 13, 1725-6; m. Nov. 23, 1746, Samuel Ashley of 

llampton, Conn. 
V. Sarah,* bapt. March 30, 1720; m. Nov. 5, 1751, Joseph Ashley of 

Hampton, Conn. 

18. vi. Daniel,* bapt. Oct. 11, 1730. 

19. vii. Joseph,* bapt. June 4, 1732. 
viii. Elizabeth,* bapt. Sept. 21, 1735. 

ix. Richard,* bapt. April 17, 1737; probably died in Bradford, N. H., 

Sept. 9, 1809 
X. Ebenezer,* died in Pomfret, Conn., about 1818, without issue, 
xi. Anna,* m. Nathan Griggs. 

7. JoB^ CuESSEY (John,'^ MigJiill^) was born in Salem, Dec. 17, 1699. 
Was a tailor. He m. twice : first, June 27, 1723, at Marblehead, Rebecca, 
dau. of Edward and Rebecca Diamond of Marblehead. She d. 1744. He 
m. second, March 27, 1746, Berthiah Bachelder of Beverly, who survived 
him. Administration on his estate, which amounted to £bb'2 13 2, 
granted son Nathaniel,* Oct. 1, 1781. His children, all bapt. in Beverly, 
w^re : 

20. i. Nathaniel,* b. 1724, ) C [Gavett of Salem, 
ii. Lucy,* V bapt. Nov. 30, 1727, I m. Feb. 28, 1750, Joseph 
iii. Rebecca,* > (d. young. 

iv. Job,* bapt. Jan. 10, 1730-1. No record of him found. 
V. Abigail,* bapt. June 25, 1732. 
vi. Anne,* bapt. July 28, 1734. 
vii. Mary,* bapt. Aug. 1, 1736. 
viii. Rebecca,* bapt. June 24, 1739. 

ix. Lydia,* bapt. Jan. 24, 1741-2; m. April 26, 1764, John Ingleson of 
Danvers. 



200 The Cressey Family. [April, 

8. BEX.TA^riN^ Cressey (Jolm,^ Jlif/hilP) wa» born in Salom, April 5, 
1702. AViis a wheelwriirht. He m. Juno 9, 1725, Christian, dau. of John 
and Elizabeth Trask. She was b. May 25, 1701; d. before her husband. 
He d. Oct. 1783. Ilis will was dated Sept. 14, 1782 ; approved Nov. 3, 
1783. Peter Dodge, his son-in-law, named executor. Value of estate, 
£724 12 5. Children, all b. at " Koyal Side," were: 

21. i. Benjamin,* b. May 7, bapt. May 15, 172G. 

ii. William,'* b. Dec. 20, bapt. Dec. 22, 1728; d. 1753. 

iii. Samuel,* bapt. Nov. 1, 1730 ; d. Dec. 18, 1731. 

iv. Samuel,* b. July 6, 1733 ; d. 1750. 

V. Elizabeth,* b. Sept. 6, bapt. Sept. 12, 1736; m. 1st, June 14, 1756, 
William Bachelder, Jr., of Beverly ; 2nd, Peter Dodge, of Wenham, 
pub. Dec. 20, 1761. 

vi. Anna,* b. Aug. 16, bapt. Aug. 20, 1738 ; m. 1st, Dec. 6, 1764, Wil- 
liam Dodge, Jr., 2nd, Daniel Fisher. 

22. vii. JosiAH,* b. July 18, bapt. July 20, 1740. 
viii. Israel,* bapt. June 24, 1744 ; d. in infancy. 

9. NoAH^ Cressey {Jolin,^ Mlghiir) was born in Salem, Aug. 24, 1710. 

Was a weaver. He m. Dec. 13, 1733, Rebecca, dau. of Joseph and 

Trask of Salem. She died in 1758. His second wife was Anna , 

who survived him. He died 1784. His will was dated Aug. 26, 1784, and 
approved Oct. 5, 1784 ; sons Jonathan^ and Nathan* named executors. 
Children, all bapt. in Beverly, were : 

i. Jonathan,* bapt. Julv 30, 1738 ; m. Nov. 22, 1759, Hitty Hutchinson 

Trask. 
ii. Noah,* bapt. Aug, 20, 1738 : d. before 1784 without issue. 
iii. Nathan,* bapt. July 31, 1743 ; m. Sept. 1, 1788, Phoebe Kimball. 

10. Jonathan^ Cressey {Mighill^ MigMlV-) was born in Rowley, May 
11, 1695. Was a yeoman. He m. first, Slarch 28, 1722, Sarah Harris, 
who d. July 28, 1723; second, Oct. 25, 1724, at Kittery, Eleanor, dau. of 
Michael and Sarah Bartor of Kittery. In 172G he moved to Littleton, 
Mass., having bought (with John Sawyer of Rowley) of Jonathan Pres- 
cott of Concord, Mass., 200 acres of land in Littleton for £600. He moved 
to Groton, Mass., 1744, where he was living in 1752. His children were: 

i. Mary,* bapt. Jan. 13, 1722-3 ; d. Jan. 26, 1722-3, > - -r^^.i^,, 
ii. Sarah,* d. April 22, 1726, 5 ^^^^^y* 

23. iii. Michael,* b. Aug. 10, 1728, in Littleton. 

iv. Hepsibath,* b. July 18, 1730, in Littleton ; m. first, June 10, 1752, 
Josiah Chamberlin ; second, Nathaniel Burnham of Chesterfield, 
N. H. 

24. V. Jonathan,* b. May 14, 1732, in Littleton. 

vi. Tamer,* b. Aug. 19, 1733, in Littleton; unm. 1782. 

11. David^ Cressey [Mlghill,^ Migliill^) was born in Rouley, March 
5, 1703-4. Was a yeoman. He m. first, Dec. 7, 1727, Ilephzibah, dau. of 
John and Judith (Foster) Platts of Rowley. She was bapt. Dec. 5, 1703, 
and died 1768. He m. second, Nov. 5, 1771, Ruth AYarrcn of Littleton. 
Mass. He bought of Nathaniel Boynton of Littleton, 90 acres of land, 
with buildings in L., for £120; deed dated July 5,1751; recorded witli 
Middlesex Deeds, Book 50, page G56. On this fiirm he lived and died. 
His will was dated Nov. 8, 1776, and lilod in the Trobate Oilice, Dec. IC. 
1776 ; distproved April 17, 1781. His widow Ruth d. before Jan. 5, 177'J 
His children were all born in Rowley, and all died without issue. 



1877.] The Cresseij Family. 201 

i. Joseph,* d. Sept. 1, 1736. 

ii. Judith.* bapt. April 26, 1730; d. Sept. 11, 1736. 

iii. John,* bapt. Oct. 31, 1736 ; d. in Littleton, 1780. 

iv. Judith,* bapt, Nov. 5, 1738 ; d. young. 

V. David,* bapt. June 15, 1740 ; d. Aug. 8, 1740. 

vi. David,* bapt. Dec. 11, 1743; d. young. 

12. JoHN^ Cresset ( William,^ MigJdW) was born in Rov^^ley, Dec. 4, 
1692. He m. Oct. 13, 1720, Sarah, dau. of Cornelius and Elizabeth 
(Hidden) Davis of Rowley. She was b. July 22, 1699. His home was 
on Bradford Street, in Rowley, where he died Sept. 4, 1741. Administra- 
tion on his estate, which amounted to £855, was granted to his widow, 
Oct. 5, 1741. She died May 3, 1771. Children, all born in Rowley, were 

i. Elizabeth,* bapt. April 8, 1722 ; m. Benjamin Smith of Rowley, to 

whom she was published, Jan. 23, 1741-2. 

ii. Anne,* bapt. Sept. 27, 1724 ; d. Jan. 13, 1726-7. 

iii. Anne,* b. Jan. 24, 1727-8; d. April 10, 1736. 

iv. Sarah,* b. March 8, bapt. March 16, 1729-.30 ; d. April 8, 1736. 

V. John,* b. April 4, bapt. April 11, 1731 ; d. April 4, 1736. 

25. vi. Mark,* b. Jan. 18, bapt. Jan. 27, 1733-4. 

vii. Lucy,* b. March 4, bapt. March 7, 1735-6 ; m. Asa Andrews of Box- 
ford, 
viii. Marv,* ^ b. Aug. 30, Cm. Jan. 15, 1761, Benj. Winter of Rowley. 

> bapt. Sept. < 
ix. Sarah,* ) 3, 1738 ; ( m. Dec. 8, 1757, Ezekiel Parsons of Gloucester. 

26. X. John,* b. May 8, bapt. May 10, 1741. 

13. Abel'' Cresset ( William^ 3fighiV}) was born in Rowley, Dec. 27, 
1700. Was a blacksmith. He m. May 27, 1727, Hannah Lowell. She d. 
May 4, 1773. He d. Nov. 2, 1765, leaving a will dated Aug. 12, 1765, in 
which mention was made of " the two children of my son William deceased." 
It was approved March 10, 1766, son Abel executor. Children, all born 
in Rowley, were : 

i. Hannah,* b. Feb. 17, bapt. March 10, 1727-8; m. March 23, 1762, 
James Davis of Ipswich. 

ii. Mehitable,* bapt. April 2, 1729 ; d. May 24, 1736. 

iii. William,* bapt. Sept. J 3, 1730: d. before Aug. 12, 1765. Was it his 
widow Mary who ra. Dec. 26, 1772, James Stickney of Newbury ? 

iv. James,* bapt. Jan. 16, 1731-2 ; d. May 26, 1736. 

V. Sarah,* bapt. Nov. 18, 1733 ; d. April 16, 1750. 

vi. Eunice,* bapt. March 9, 1734-5 ; d. May 25, 1736. 

vii. Caleb,* bapt. Sept. 5, 1736 ; d. Dec. 1, 1736. 

viii. James,* bapt. Jan. 1, 1737-8; m. March 15, 1763, Sarah, widow of 
Moses Hopkinson of Rowley. 

ix. A still child,* d. Jan. 18, 1739-40. 

X. xicEL,* b. Oct. 5, bapt. Oct. 11, 1741 ; m. Elizabeth Hidden of New- 
bury, pub. Oct. 5, 1765. 

xi. Caleb,* b. Dec. 6, bapt. Dec. 9, 1744. Was in the army, 1762 (Capt. 
Gideon Parker's company) , and probably died in the service. 

14. Samuel^ Cresset [William,^ MlgliilV-) was born in Rowley, July 
23, 1704. Was a shipwright. He m. Oct. 7, 1725, Mary Andrews, who 
d. Feb. 14, 1737-8. lie m. second, Aug. 22, 1738, Martha Veran of 
Ipswich. He moved to Newbury, 1739, and died there about 1775. There 
was no administration on his estate, as he seems to have arranged it by 
deeds in the year 1773. His children (five born in Rowley and five in New- 
bury) were : 

i. Mary,* b. June 30, bapt. July 2, 1727 ; m. Oct. 3, 1750, John Palme, 
of Rowley. 

VOL. XXXI. 18 



202 The Cressey Family, [April, 

ii. SusANXAn,'' Impt. kwx. 15, 1731 ; d. in a few days. 

iii. Susannah,^ b. Aug. 15, baj)t. Aug. 19, 1733 ; d"^ March 24, 1735-6. 

iv. JSamiel,'* b. Jan. 6, bapt. Jan. 11, 1735-G ; ni. first, April 10, 1757, 

Mary Sweet ; second, .June 1, 1772, Usina Bezuna of Marblehead ; 

d. 1781, on board the Prison Ship at St. Lucia (Register, vol. 18, p. 

290). 
V. A still child ,^ d. Jnn. 0, 1737-8. 

vi. Annk,'' b. April 7, 1740; m. Feb. 15, 1761, John George of Newbury, 
vii. Francis,^ b. Dec. 20, 1711; m. Sarah Godfrey, pub. Oct. 12, 1765. 

She d. June 21, 1832, aged 93. lie d. Jan. 23, 1800. 
viii. William,'* b. April 6, 1741: m. June 7, 1764, Mary Carr of Newbury- 

port. She d. Jan. 7. 1826. lie d. Sept. 10, 1795. 
ix. Jamfs,"* b. Nov. 27, 1746. 
X. Susannah,* b. July 31, 1749; m. Feb. 15, 1778, Thomas Johnson of 

Newbury port. 

15. Joseph^ Cresset ( William^ MUjitiW) was born in Rowley, July 4, 
1707. Very little is known of him. lie m. Elizabeth Jones of Ipswicli ; 
published July 8, 1739. Child : 

i. Elizabeth,* bapt. in Ipswich, Feb. 21, 1747-8. 

lie may have had other children. 

16. JoHN^ Cresset {John^ John^ MlghiW) was born in Salem ; bapt. 
Feb. 1, 1718-9. Was a weaver. He m. Dec. 24, 1740, Elizabeth, dau. 
of Samuel and Hannah (Dodge) Woodbury of Salem. She died before 
her husband. Administration was granted on his estate March 10, 1796, 
to Joseph Wood of Beverly. Children, all born at " Royal Side," were : 

i. Elizabeth,^ b. Dec. 30, 1741 ; d. Nov. 29, 1805, unm. 

ii. JoHN,^ b. March 9, 1746 ; m. first, Jan. 3, 1773, widow Mary llerrick ; 

second. May 18, 1790, Rebecca^ Cressey, dau. of Nathaniel* (20). 
iii. Anna,* b. Aug. 30, 1755; m. first, April 4, 1776, John llerrick; 

second, July 29, 1787, Morris Nash. 

17. John* Cresset {Daniel,^ John^ MighiW) was born in Salem, 
July 31, 1721. He moved to Connecticut with his father. He m. Debo- 
rah Wadley. They moved to Gorham, Me., about 1747, where he d. 1785. 
His widow d. 1796. Exact dates cannot be given. His great-grandson, 
SamueF Cressey, Esq., of Gorham, writes : " There are no grave-stones ; 
the Probate Records were burned in the Portland fire, 1866 ; the old town 
records were eaten up by mice. John Cressey belonged to the Congrega- 
tional church, but there were no records then kept by the church." Child- 
ren, all born in Gorham, were : 

i. John,* b. Feb. 22, 1749; m. Dec. 1, 1770, Susanna, dau. of Charles 

McDonald. Hed. at Buxton, Me., Dec. 23, 1841. 
ii. Joseph,* b. Oct. 26, 1753 ; m. Aug. 28, 1776, Hannah, dau. of Abner 

and Mary* (Cressey) Ashley of Connecticut. She was b. Dec. 29, 

1760 ; d. Dee. 22, 1«48. He d. July 22, 1832. 
iii. Elizabeth,* b. April 18, 1757; m. Dec. 17, 1774, Harding of 

Baldwin, Me. She d. Feb. 17, 1823. 
iv. Mary,* b. May I, 1762; m. Oct. 4, 1784, David Watts of Buxton. 

She d. Dec. 18, 1834. 
v. Noah,* ) , ,,„,^ ^ .«-,^ C d. 1776. 
vi. Job,* 5^^-^^'^y^'1765;J^ j.gg 

18. Daniel* Cresset {Daniel,^ John,' MighiJU) was bapt. in Beverly 
Oct. 11, 1730. He m. Abigail Allen of Beverly, and lived for a time in 
Salem, N. H. In 1779 lie went to Bradford, N. 11. ; was the third settler, 
and died there 1817. His children were: 



1377.] The Cressey Family. 203 

i. Andrew,* b. Feb. 10, 1766, in Bradford, N. H. ; m. Huldah 



ii. Bartholomew,* bapt. Nov. 19, 1769, in Beverly, Mass. ; m. Polly 



iii. Mary,* b. Aug. 6, 1776, in Hopkinton, N. H. ; m. Benaiah Bryant ; 
d. Aug. 22, 1862. 

And probably 

John,* Edward,* and perhaps others. 

19. Joseph* Cresset {Daniel,^ John^ Mlghiir) was bapt. in Beverly, 
June 4, 1732. He went to Connecticut with his father. He m. widow 
Freelove (Wadley) HalL Lived in Salem, N. H., where his children were 
born. He moved to Tolland, Ct., about 1778, thence to Charlemont, Mass., 
where he was taxed, 1798, and d. there Dec. 13, 1815. His widow died in 
1818. He was a soldier in the French and Indian war, and was drafted to 
serve in the Revolutionary war, but his son Jonathan^ served in his place. 
Children : 

i. Mehitable,* m. Benjamin Comstock. Settled in Genesee Co., N. Y. 

ii. KuTH,* b. March 31, 1764 ; m. Lazarus Barrus. She d. Feb. 2, 1848, in 
Ash field, Mass. 

iii. Jonathan,* m. Prudence Brown. Lived in Rowe, Mass. 

iv. Hezekiah.* Lived in Aurelius, N. Y. 

V. Betsey,* d. 1832 in Ashfield, unm. 

vi. Noah* (Rev.), b. April 9, 1777 (Will. Coll. 1805) ; m. Sophia, dau. of 
Moody and Dolly (Farnum) SpofFord, of Andover. lie was pastor of 
the Church in Norway, Me. He d. Dec. 29, 1867, in Boston, was 
buried in Portland, Me., where he had long resided. See Durfee's 
Biographical Annals of V7illiams Coll., page 266, 

vii. Lavinia,* b. 1781 ; m. Joseph Ford. She d. 1858 in Ohio. 

viii. Benjamin,* frozen to death at the age of 16 years. 

ix. Sarah,* m. first, Abraham Pennell ; second, Stiles. 

20. Nathaniel'* Cresset {Joh,^ Jolin^ MighilV-) was born in Salem, 
1724. He m. first, Sarah, dau. of Richard and Priscilla (Woodbury) Ober 
of Beverly, to whom he was published, Feb. 16, 1743-4 ; second, Dec. 30, 
1787, EKzabeth Conant of Beverly. She died Feb. 26, 1803, aged 66. 
He m. third, April 22, 1804, Hitty, dau. of William and Mercy (Trask) 
Haskell She was b. Oct. 14, 1760, and d. July 21, 1847. He lived on 
the old homestead at " Royal Side," and died there Sept. 27, 1809. His will 
was dated Nov. 11, 1808, and approved Oct. 16, 1809 — Jonathan Smith of 
Beverly named executor. His children, all born at " Royal Side," were : 

i. Priscilla,* b. Dec. 15, bapt, Dec. 25, 1744; m. June 6, 1771, James 

Gray. 
ii. Rebecca,* b. Aug. 13, bapt. Aug. 16, 1747; m. first, Dec. .3, 1772, 

Daniel Twiss ; second, Thomas Davis, pub. May 10, 1778; third, 

John Lander, pub. August 15, 1784 ; fourth, May 13, 1790, John 

Cressey.* 
iii. Nathaniel,* b. Feb. 19, bapt. March 4, 1849-50. 
iv. Diamond,* b. June 4, bapt. June 14, 1752; m. Joanna Bachelder of 

Danvers, pub. Sept. 17, 1780. 
v. Job,* b. April 19. bapt. May 4, 1755 ; m. Jan. 6, 1788, Sarah Dodge. 
vi. Sarah,* b. Jan. 20, bapt. Jan. 29, 1758 ; m. William Dedman, pub. 

Aug. 29, 1779. 
vii. Abigail,* b. Jan. 28, bapt. Feb. 8, 1701 ; m. May 14, 1786, Joseph 

Masury of Salem, 
viii. Abigail,* mentioned in father's will as " young daughter." 

21. Benjamin* Cressey {Benjamin,^ Jolin^ MighiW) was born in 
Salem, May 7, 1726. Was a carpenter. He m. Sept. 10, 1747, Mehita- 
ble Brown of Beverly. He died July 16, 1803, in Beverly. His will was 



204 The Cressey Family, [April, 

dated July IC, 1799, and approved Aug. 2, 1803. Son IsraeP executor. 
(No mention of wife.) Value of estate, $2473.48. Children, all born at 
'• Royal Side," were : 

i. Mary,^ b. July 16, 1749 ; unm. May 29, 1806. 

ii. Samuel,* b. April 20, 1751 ; m. Feb. 20, 1770, Elizabeth Green. He 

d. Feb. 15, 1782, without issue, 
iii. William,* bapt. Nov. 25, 1753. Not mentioned in father's will. 
iv. Benjamin,* b. June 27, 1756; m. July 22, 1791, Abigail Trask. He 

d. before July 16, 1709. 
V. Israel,* b. Fob. 11, 1759; d. May 18, 1837, in Beverly. 
vi. John,* ^ f m. (pub. July 29, 1792,) Mehitable,* dau. of 

! b. May 6, j Jonathan"* and Hitty H. (Tiabk) Cressey. 
f 1762; ] Hed. July 1, 1841. 
vii. Mehitable,* J (^ died Jan. 14, 1765. 

viii. Henry,* b. March 18, 1765; in. June 23, 1791, Nancy Woodbury. 

She d. May 12, 1834. He d. June 2, 1816. 
ix. Meuitable,* bapt. July 5, 1767; unm. May 29, 1806. 
X. Nancy,* m. April 10, 1791, Elias Endicott of Danvers. 

22. Jostah"* Cressey (^Benjamin, ^ John^ MighiW) was born in Salem, 
July 18, 1740. He m. Sept. 3, 1767, Mariam. dau. of Ebenezer and Mary 

-'(Rix) Trask. She was b. Jan. 23, 1737. He w^as a mariner, and was lost 
• at sea about 1780. Child : 

i. JosiAU,* b. May 10, bapt. May 13, 1770, in Beverly. 

23. Michael* Cressey (Jt rathan^ Migliill^ MighilJ}) was born in 
Littleton, Mass., Aug. 10, 1728. le m. Dec. 20, 1752, at Groton, Mass., 
Katharine Wetherbee, of Bolton, Mass., who was b. Nov. 1, 1730, and died 
Nov. 9, 1786. He lived in Groton, Mass.; thence moved in 1763 to Ches- 
terfield, N. H., and died there Nov. 6, 1812. Was representative for towns 
of Chesterfield and Hinsdale, 1776, '7, '8 and '9, and appointed justice of 
peace in 1781. Children : 

i. Elizabeth,* b. June 26, 1754. 

ii. Jonathan,* b. June 15, 1756 ; m. April 7, 1785, Lydia, dau. of Aaron 

and Ann Wright of Hinsdale, N. H. He d. May 9, 1803. 
iii. Annie,* b. Jan. 26, 1758. 

iv. Moses,* b. March 23, 1760 ; m. Jan. 17, 1792, Hannah Parker. 
V. Aaron,* b. Feb. 21, 1762. 

vi. Louise,* b. Oct. 28, 1764 ; > ^ • nv,^o+^,.fi^i'i ^r^^v. 
vii. Eunice,* b. Sept. 14, 1767 ; T* ^" Chesterfield, unm. 
viii. Mercy,* b. Feb. 26, 1770. 
ix. Polly or Mary,* b. Aug. 16, 1774. 

24. Jonathan^ Cressey {Jonallian^ Migldll^ MigJdlV-) was born in 
Littleton, Mass., May 14, 1732. He m. July 11, 1759, at Groton, ]\Iass., 
Anna, dau. of Benjamin Davis of Groton. She was b. Feb. 2, 1742, and 
d. April 17, 1797. Thej^ lived in Groton until 1771, then moved to Ches- 
terfield, N. H., where he died April 20, 1824. Children, first six, born in 
Groton, were : 

i. Henry,* b. Feb. 11, 1760. 

ii. Betty,* b. April 8, 1762 ; m. April 20, 1802, Daniel Allen. 

iii. William,* b. Dec. 8, 1763; d. in Williamstown, Vt., unm. 

iv. Dorcas,* b. July 15, 1766 ; in. March 25, 1787, Sylvanus ildlard. 

V. Sarah,* b. May 8, 176(S ; m. Dec. 22, 1788, Benjamin Ballard. 

vi. Levi,* b. April 1, 1770; d. July 25, 1795, unm. 

vii. Joseph,* m. Martha Smith ; d. Aug. 27, 1830. 

viii. J^exjamin,* ni. Saieph Butttrfield. 

ix. Nancy,* m. Jan. 12, 1812, Daniel Rogers. 

X. Lucy,* d. June 15, 1817, unm. 

xi. Lydia,* d. unm. 

xii. Susan,* m. Walkup. 



1877.] The UresseT/ FamUij. • 205 

25. Mark* Cresset (John,^ William,^ 3IlghiW) was born in Rowley, 
Jan. 18, 1733-4. He served in the army on the Eastern frontier in 1754 
and 1757 ; was in the battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775, as ensign in 
Capt. John Baker, Jr.'s company of Col. Doolittle's regiment ; afterwards 
became lieutenant. He m. first, Jan. 27, 1757, Elizabeth Richards ; second, 
Dec. IG, 1790, P^lizabeth, dan. of Dr. William and Martha (Johnson) Plale 
of Rowley. He lived in the house his father built, on Bradford Street, in 
Rowley, and died there, May 4, 1816. His will named wife Elizabeth, 
executrix. Value of estate, $5660. Children : 

i. Elizabeth,^ b. Oct. 5, 1757 ; m. July 8, 1788, Thos. Merritt of Rowley. 

ii. Mehitable,* bapt. Jan. 3, 1762 ; d. March 15, 1762. 

iii. Mark,* bapt. May 9, 1767 ; d. Nov. 20, 1767. 

iv. Martha-I1ale,5 b. April 27, 1792; m. May 15, 1816, Capt. Allen 

Parley of Rowley ; d. Feb. 24, 1871. 
V. Mark,* b. April 21, 1798; went to sea about 1825, and was never 

heard from. 

26. John* Cressey i^John^ William^ MigJdW) was born in Rowley, 
May 8, 1741. He lived for a short time in Newbury port, where he m. 
Feb. 17, 1765, Sarah Walker, who d. in Rowley, March 17, 1766. He m. 
second, Feb. 16, 1767, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard and Elizabeth (Cooper) 
Lowell, a descendant of Percival Lowell, of Newbury. She was b. Jan. 
14, 1741-2, and d. March 20, 1816. He d. Aug. 25, 1799. His will was 
dated Aug. 24, and approved Oct. 8, 1709. Wife named executrix. Value 
of estate, S3.325.67. His home in Rowley was on Central Street. 
Children : 

i. A still child,* March 17, 1766. 

27. ii. JoHN,^ b. Sept. 15, 1767. 

iii. Sarah,* b. Sept. 14, 1768; m. Dec. 6, 1792, Samuel Pearson of 
Rowley. 

28. iv. Ricuard/ b. July 2, 1770. 

v. Elizabeth,^ b. Dec. 20, 1771 ; m. Feb. 9, 1797, Amos Dunnells of 
Newbury. 

27. JoHN^ Cressey (Jo/m,* John,^ William^ MighilV') was born in 
Rowley, Sept. 15, 1767 ; m. Nov. 15, 1792, Phoebe, dau. of Nathaniel 
and Phoebe (Jewett) Bradstreet of Ipsv*^ich. She was bapt. in Rowley, 
Jan. 3, 1773, and d. Oct. 20, 1849. He d. Jan. 26, 1834. Children, all 
born in Rowley, were : 

i. Thomas,^ b. Aug. 3, 1794 ; m. Mary Saunders; d. Aug. 21, 1869. 

ii. JoHN,^ b. Feb. 27, 1798; m. tiret, Susannah Jewett; second, Lydia 

Perkins, 
iii. Nathaniel,^ b. Sept. 17, 1800; m. first, Sarah Jewett Hale; second, 

Abii^ail Lambert ; d. Oct. 4, 1875. 
iv. Melina,« b. March 11, 1803 ; d. March 17, 1840, unm. 
V. Bradstreet,^ b. March 6, 1806; m. Sarah VV. Hooper; d. Dec. 14, 

1867. 
vi. ELrzABETH,« b. May 17, 1808; d. July 28, 1835, unm. 
vii. George Washington^ (Rev.) , b. Dec. 13, 1810 (Bowd. Coll. 1835); 

m. first, Caroline M. Little ; second, Sirah CroswcU ; third, Nancy 

Wentworth. Was pastor of Cong, Church at Kennebunk, Me., 

twelve years, and at Buxton, Me., fifteen years, where he died, Feb. 

12, 1867. 
viii. Phebe Jewett,^ b. Feb. 9, 1814 ; d. Oct. 11, 1837, unm. 

28. Richard' Cresset (/o/m,^ John^^ William,^ MighiW) was born in 
Rowley, July 2, 1770. Lived in Rowley on the farm his father bought, 
Jan. 15,1771. (Essex Deeds, Book 139, leaf 194.) He m. March 24, 

VOL. XXXI. 18* 



20G jBarristers at Law in Massachusetts, [April, 

1795, Dorothy, dau. of Moses and Sarah (Mighill) Bradstreet of Rowley. 
She was b. Jan. 6, 1776, and d. March 13, 1858. He d. Feb. 20, 1836. 
Children : 

i. DoROTnY,« b. July 5, 1700; d. Sept. 18, 1825, unm. 

ii. Elizahktii,^ b. Aug. 18, 171)7 ; m. first, Edmund Boynton ; second, 
(jJrenlief llazen. 

iii. SaRx^h iMiGuiLL,'^ b. Feb. 21, 1800; m. Dr. George Moody. 

iv. CuARLES,^ b. Sept. 20, 1802 ; in. Mary Bradley ; d. Sept. 3, 1848. 

V. Tno.MAS Bradstreet,^ b. Oct. 16, 1804 ; m. first, Rhoda Ann Whit- 
tier ; second, widow Emily W. Lydston. 

vi. RicnARD,^ b. April 8, 1807 ; m. Mary Elizabeth Harris ; d. Sept. 17, 
18G4. 

vii. Lucy Jane,^' b. April 12, 1810; m. Joshua Hale ; d. June 17, 1873. 

viii. Mary,<= b. Jan. 29, 1813 ; m. Sept. 22, 1835, Sherburne Clifford Biodg- 
ette. 

ix. Moses Bradstreet,^ b. Feb. 7, 1815. 

-X. Irene Bradstreet,*' b. Sept. 30, 1820. 



T 



BAEEISTEES AT LAW IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

By Arthur M. Algkr, LL.B., Taunton, Mass, 

HE distinctions between barristers and attorneys which have 
existed for many years, and are still tenaciously adhered to in 
the legal profession in England, were for some time sustained at 
the Massachusetts Bar. The first barrister in Massachusetts made 
his appearance in the year 1688 in the person of Thomas Xewton, 
an Englishman by birth and education, who, establishing himself in 
Boston, soon attained prominence, and in the course of time became 
attorney-general and one of the deputy judges of the Court of Ad- 
miralty. To his influence may be attributed the introduction of the 
title of barrister, and the subsequent adoption of the distinctions be- 
tween barristers and attorneys. Shortly after his arrival, the older and 
more learned practitioners at the bar began to be styled barristers, 
but no fixed qualifications appear to have been attached to the title 
until the year 1761, when a rule w^as established by the Superior Court 
that no one should be admitted as a barrister who had not practised 
three years in the inferior court. At the same time barristeis were 
required to array themselves, when they appeared in court, after the 
fashion of their English brethren, in black silk gowns, bands, and 
tie-wigs. This costume w^as shortly after discontinued, but was re- 
sumed at the close of the revolutionary war, to be discarded, how- 
ever, in a few years. The cause of its being laid aside, so the 
story goes, was a countryman's expression of astonishment at the 
manner in which the Boston jxcrsons would swear, after having 
heard a Boston barrister, arrayed in his gown, utter a voHey of 
oaths to a man with whom he was bars^aininii: for a load of wood. 
In 1766 the term of practice required of attorneys before admit- 
tance as barristers was leni]:thened. John Adams writes in his 
diary for that year : "The bar has at last introduced a regular pro- 



1877.] Barristers at Law in Massachusetts, 207 

gress to the gown, and seven years must be the state of probation." 
Three years' study was a condition precedent to admission as an 
attorney. The attorney after two years' practice became a counsel- 
lor, and after two years as a counsellor, a barrister. The right to 
argue cases before the Supreme Court belonged only to those who 
had attained the last rank. 

In 1781, soon after the adoption of the constitution, a rule was 
established by the Supreme Judicial Court, to the effect that where- 
as learning in the law, when duly encouraged and rightly directed, 
was peculiarly promotive of private justice and public good, and the 
Court deemed it advisable to bestow peculiar marks of approbation 
on the gentlemen of the bar distinguished for legal science, honor 
and integrity, therefore no gentleman should be called to the degree 
of barrister till he had merited the same by his conspicuous learn- 
ing, ability and honesty. In 1782 the Court was authorized by 
statute to confer the degree at discretion. The following year the 
form of a writ to be used for calling applicants before the Court was 
prescribed ; and recipients of degrees were ordered to take rank 
according to the dates of their respective writs. The following ac- 
count of the formalities observed on one of the occasions of confer- 
ring degrees is of interest. It appeared in the " Massachusetts 
Gazette " for 1784 : 

" Boston, Tuesday, February 17, 1784. This being the third Tuesday 
of the month, the day appointed by law for the sitting of the Supreme 
Judicial Court of the Commonwealth for the county of Suffolk, the Hon- 
ourable the Judges, arraj^ed in their scarlet robes, the Attorney General 
and other Barristers at Law, in their proper habits, walked in procession 
from State Street, preceded by their Prothonotary, and the High Sheriff" 
with his officers and servants, to the County Court House. There was a 
large concourse of respectable citizens collected on the occasion, who 
shewed mnch pleasure in this additional proof of confirmed peace, liberty 
and law. The Conrt being opened in form, the Grand Jury were impan- 
neled, to whom Mr. Chief Justice Cushing gave a learned and animated 
Charge. The Rev. Mr. Howard then, at the reqnest of the Court, made 
an excellent prayer, well adapted to the occasion. After which the follow- 
ing gentlemen, practising Attorneys, were by special writ called to the bar, 
to take upon them the character, degree and dignity of a Barrister at Law, 
viz. Caleb Strong, Esq., of Northampton, Theodore Sedgwick, Esq., of 
Sufiield, John Sprague, Esq., of Lancaster, William Tudor, Benjamin 
Hitchborn, and Perez Morton, Esqrs., of Boston, William Wetmore, Esq., 
of Salem, and Levi Lincoln, Esq., of Worcester. Theophilus Parsons, Esq., 
of Newburyport, being by sickness hindered from attending, had day given 
him to appear at a future term, to take the degree of Barrister." 

The Chief Justice then made the following charge : 

" The Court have thought fit to call each of you, gentlemen, to the bar, 
by special writ, to take upon you the character, dignity and degree of a 
Barrister at Law. The qualifications necessary for which, are a competent 
degree of knowledge and learning in general ; particular experience and 



208 Barristers at Law in Massachusetts, [April, 

skill in the honorable profession to which you have devoted yourselves ; 
close industry and application to study, by which knowledge is ac(juired and 
increased ; joined witli firm j)rol)ity, that inflexible integrity of mind, pro- 
ducing rectitude of conduct and fairness of practice, with which those talents 
are directed to the most useful purposes, and without which the greatest 
abilities may be but the occasion of the greatest mischief to mankind ; these 
qualifications united must form the useful member of Society, and be sub- 
servient to the great and good purpose of promoting private and public 
justice, of preserving the freedom and advancing the general welfare and 
happiness of the people. 'Tis a persuasion of your being possessed of these 
qualifications that has induced the Court to call you to this honor. There 
is a wide field open for the exertion and display of the greatest human 
powers and abilities. The union of the States is in its infancy, and ought 
to be cemented on the principles of equality and justice. Our constitution 
is new, and wants the vigor and support of its framers and constituents. 
Our system of laws is imperfect, and needs the skilful finishing hand of the 
lawyer. There ever will be parties, more or less, in the best constituted 
government, and some to foment them : while the wisdom of the states- 
man and the patriot moderates, conciliates and restrains, or directs all to 
the public good. There are weighty affairs to be transacted for settling 
public credit upon a sure and permanent foundation, a point most essential 
to our security and happiness. As from your character and situation in 
life your may be called upon to take part in carrying into effect these great 
public designs, of which you readily comprehend and feel the importance, 
permit me to remind you that the love of our country will ever, under all 
circumstances and upon all occasions, guide and direct to the noblest con- 
duct. And learniniij and skill in the laws under the <joyernment of rvAit 
principles, eminently qualify for every department in the State, as well as 
to promote truth and justice in the cause of your clients. 

I therefore now in the name of the Court formally charge you so to 
conduct yourselves, and so improve the talents and abilities, both natural 
and acquired, with which you are blessed, as to be of singular service to 
your country by ever defending its constitutional freedom, by strengthening 
as opportunity calls you, that imion of the States which has been the 
groundwork of the present revolution, and must continue to be the basis of 
our liberty, so long as liberty shall endure ; and in your general conduct and 
behaviour, as well as in your particular profession, so to demean yourselves 
as to continue and increase the reputation you have already acquired, and 
thereby do signal honor to the Court and the Bar." 

This vv^as the last occasion upon which the degree of barrister-at- 
law was conferred. In 1(S06 the profession w^as divided into two 
ranks, attorneys and counsellors. Candidates for admission as 
attorneys were not considered qualified unless they were possessed of 
a good school education, and had devoted seven years to literary 
acquisitions, three of which must have been in the office of a bar- 
rister or counsellor. After two years' practice an attorney was en- 
titled to admission as a counsellor, with the privilege of managing 
and arjruin<j^ causes. 

Finally, all distinctions between attorneys and counsellors were 
abolished by the llevised Statutes, and so stands the law to-day. 



1877.] President Wilder s Address. 209 



ADDEESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. WILDEE. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 

Society, January 3, 1877. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

I cannot express too strongly my sense of gratitude for this 
repeated testimony of your confidence in appointing me to preside 
over your deliberations for another year. I shall perform my du- 
ties, prompted by the deep interest I feel in the objects of the Soci- 
ety, with the best strength that a gracious Providence shall bestow 
upon me. The state of my health, altliough I have reason to thank 
God for much improvement of late, will be a sufficient apology for 
limiting my present remarks to a few brief words. 

I am happy to congratulate you, as I have for several years past, 
on the steady and successful progress of the Society in all its depart- 
ments. The reports of the several officers and committees soon to 
be offered will bear testimony to this. 

The library has been steadily increasing in the number of its 
volumes, in valuable manuscripts and rare autograph letters ; and 
we are also gradually accumulating a collection of curious relics 
highly important to the illustration of the different epochs of our 
history. 

Our gallery of portraits is also increasing. We have the por- 
traits of several colonial worthies, by Smibert, Copley and other 
distinguished painters, besides some of more modern date. An 
effort has been made to place upon our walls portraits in oil of those 
who have held office in the Society, or who have otherwise contri- 
buted to its success. A year ago we possessed only two, namely, 
those of Charles Ewer, Esq., its first president, and the Eev. Wil- 
liam Jenks, D.D., for several years chairman of its publishing 
committee. Last year the portrait of your president was added 
to the collection, which to-day is exchanged for one of larger size 
and higher cost ; while three others are presently to be added 
to it, namely, those of Col. Almon D. Hodges, a former president, 
the Hon. George B. Upton, a vice-president, and Col. Albert H. 
Hoyt, for eight years editor of the Society's periodical, the New- 
England Historical and Genealooical Eec^ister. 

The financial affairs of the Society have been administered, as in 
years past, with the strictest regard to economy, a principle of the 
greatest importance in all institutions, but especially in a Society 
like this ; and from this principle I hope we shall never depart. The 
rule which we have adopted is a good one, never to spend a dollar 
that is not already in the treasury. This is the secret of financial 
independence, the sheet-anchor of success. No other method can 



210 President Wader's Address. [April, 

secure the public confidence. No other metliod ought to suc- 
ceed. During the past year we have had a signal testimony of con- 
fidence in the administration of the Society, by a generous testa- 
mentary bequest. John M. Bradbury, Esq., of Ij)swich, one of our 
active members, who died on tlie 2 1st of ]\Iarch last, left by will to 
the Society the sum of two thousand dollars, and other securities 
which may somewhat increase the amount. We hope that others 
will follow this noble example, and make testamentary gifts to the 
Society. An income of a thousand dollars a year is greatly needed 
to enable us to put into the library 7'are and valuable historical 
works, which are much wanted. 

The year which has just completed its circuit will always be a 
marked one in the history of our country. It is the centennial year 
of our national existence. It has been celebrated by thousands of 
municipalities all over the land. It has quickened the interest of our 
whole people in our local and fjimily history. It has recounted the 
services of our fathers in their struggles to lay the foundations of 
the republic. It has told over again, in greater fulness and truer 
proportions, the story of their aspirations, their sufferings and their 
achievements, which thus enlarged and perfected, has enriched and 
endeared to us the record of our national history. Monuments of 
brass, and marble, and of solid granite, have sprung up in every 
part of the land, to mark the spots where noble deeds were done, 
and to embalm the memory of those who performed them. And not 
more important, though more impressive to the eye, was the gather- 
ing on the banks of the Schuylkill of the industries of the whole 
world, the fabrics and the handicraft of the nations, to be examined, 
compared, criticized and admired by millions of our own population 
and thousands from other countries. All this, my friends, marks 
an era in our national history, and, in my judgment, is a harbin- 
ger of that higher attainment to which the whole civilized world 
is gradually advancing. 

The principle on which the Society is administered is a good one ; 
the field of local and family history is a broad and noble one ; let 
us cultivate it with assiduity and perseverance ; let us turn neither 
to the right hand or to the left; and as time goes on, the result of 
our labors will be the diffusion of an historical taste, the encour- 
agement of an ennobling study, and the accumulation and pre- 
servation of historical material, which is now daily yielding to the 
wasting power of decay. 

By the report of the historiographer it will be seen that the num- 
ber of deaths the past year has been unusually small, only twenty- 
three members having during the year ])assed i'rom their labors on 
earth, while in 1875 we were called lo mourn the loss of thirty- 
eight. There has been a corresponding decrease in the deaths of 
officers of the Society and those who li:ive held office, only four of 
these having died in 187(5; naniclv, two officers, AVilliani B. 



1877.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Lyme, Gt. 211 

Towne, Esq., vice-president for New Hampshire, and the Hon. 
Henry P. Haven, vice-president for Connecticut ; and two past 
officers, Salomon Alofsen, Esq., for eight years honorary vice-presi- 
dent for New Jersey, and the Rev. Samuel H. Riddel, who held the 
offices of recording and corresponding secretary, and who deserves 
to be remembered for the efficient services rendered the Society as 
an officer in its early days. Many of our deceased members have 
a national reputation as authors, while others have honored other 
walks of life. 

With hearts full of gratitude for the loving kindness which has 
spared our lives to the present time, and committing our way unto 
Him who is rich in mercy to guide our steps, let us commence the 
new year with renewed hope and enterprise ; and should any of 
us be called to lay down our work, let us feel assured that others 
will take it up and carry it on through all coming time. We may 
die, but our institution shall live, and as time advances will be- 
come dearer and dearer to the hearts of our New England people. 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS IN LYME, CONN. 

Communicated by the late Feedeeic W. Chapman, A.M., of Rocky Hill, Conn. 
[Continued from vol. xxiv. p, 32.] 

Enoch Lord and Hepsibah Marvin were married March 31,. 1748. Rich- 
ard, born Sept. 15, 1752. Ann, Dec. 4, 1754. Joseph, June 3, 1757. 
Enoch, July 28, 1760. Wilham, July 16, 1762. Lyde (son), July 17, 
1767. Hepsibah, June 30, 1770. 

John Lord and Hannah Rogers were married Jan. 18, 1734-5. Anna, born 
April 4, 1736. Sarah, Jan. 19, 1738. John, May 19, 1740. Luce [?], 
April 24, 1749. 

Joseph Lord died Nov. 25, 1687. 

Joseph Lord and Sarah Wade were married May 11, 1749. Ruben, born 
June 27, 1750. Sarah, May 18, 1752. William, April 22, 1754. Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Richard Lord, born Oct. 28, 1683. 

Richard Lord and Elizabeth Lynde were married July 11, 1720. Richard, 
born April 17, 1722. Susannah, Jan. 16, 1724. JEnoch, Dec. 15, 1725. 
Elizabeth, Nov. 14, 1727. Ann, Dec. 22, 1729. Lynde, Feb. 1, 1733. 
Elizabeth, Nov. 9, 1735. 

Oxford, negro man, and Temperance, mulatto girl, hired servants of Richard 
Lord, of Lyme, were married together by Rev. Moses Noyes, Jan. 26, 
1725-6. 

Theophilus Lord and Deborah Mark were married May 8, 1728. Lydia, 
born March 19, 1728-9. Deborah, Nov. 26, 1730. Sarah, Feb. 20, 
1732-3. Huldah, July 16, 1735. Hepsibah, June 22, 1737. Elizabeth, 
July 5, 1739. 

Thomas Lord and Esther Marvin were married Dec. 28, 1727. Esther, 
born Jan. 19, 1728-9. Mary, Sept. 27, 1730. Abner, March 9, 1733. 
Matthew, March 20, 1734-5. Thomas, April 7, 1737. Renold, August 
12, 1739. Taphena, June 5, 1741. Barnabas Tuthill, March 31, 1743-4. 

Matthew Lord, died Oct. 29, 1736. 



212 A Yanhee Privateersman in Prison, [April, 

Renold Lord, died June 5, 1741. 

Samuel Loveland and Ivebeccah Roulin were married March G, 1735. 
Samuel, born Dec. 12, 1735. 

Beiijamiu Marvin and Deborah Mather were married Nov. 11, 1742. 
Benjamin, born Nov. 7, 1743. Mehitabel, Oct. 11, 1745. Azubah, Dec. 
23, 1748. 

Jonathan Mark and Sarah Bennett were married Aug. 24, 1727. Joseph, 
born July 22, 1728. Jonathan, July 1, 1730. Love, April 15, 1734. 
John, Jan. 13, 1737. Ehzabeth, Dec. 30, 1738. Jonah, Jan. 25, 1740-1. 
Samuel, May 3, 1743. Sarah, April 8, 1745. Abijah, Sept. 3, 1746. 
Love, Nov. 30, 1747. Lydia, Nov. 12, 1754. 

John Marvin and Sarah Brooker were married Feb. 10, 174G-7. Hepsibah, 
born Dec. 7, 1747. Sarah, June 27, 1749. Giles, Dec. 23, 1751. Lois, 
May 12, 1754. Esther, Sept. 12, 1756; died Nov. 22, 1759. John, May 
6, 1759; died June 14, 1759. Lydia, Dec. 4, 1760. John 2d, Dec. 15, 
1763. Molly, March 2, 1766. Adonijah, born at Guilford, New Hamp- 
shire, April 16, 1769, 

Joseph Marvin and Phebe Starlin were married Oct. 16, 1783. Fanny, 
born Oct. 7, 1784. Phebe, June 7, 1786. William, May 12, 1788. 
Jemima, March 28, 1791. Joseph, Feb. 8, 1793. Clarissa, May 5, 1795. 

Nathan Marvin and Lj^dia Lewis were married May 17, 1743. Samuel, 
born Feb. 14, 1743-4. Henry, Dec. 21, 1745. Martin, May 6, 1750. 
Lebbeus, Feb. 10, 1752. Nathan, Feb. 7, 1754. Henry Marvin died 
March 18, 1755. 

Reynold Marvin and widow Sarali Lay were married Dec. 23, 1725. 

Reynold Marvin, of Lyme, and Miss Mary Kelley, of Colchester, were mar- 
ried July 7, 1746. Ann and Eve, twins, born Sept. 30, 1748; Ann died 
Jan. 9, 1748-9. Esther, born Feb. 14, 1755. Judith, April 16, 1757. 

Mary Marvin died March 9, 1812, aged 97. 

Samuel Marvin and Mary Wege were married April 2, 1740. Sarah, born 
Jan. 27, 1740-1. Martha, May 2, 1743. 

Thomas Marvin and Sarah Lay were married May 23, 1784. Lucy, born 
Feb. 11, 1785 ; died July 1, 1785. Thomas, born July 7, 1787. Abigail. 



A YANKEE PRIVATEERSMAN IN PRISON IN ENGLAND. 

1777-1779. 

Communicated by William Richard Cuttek, of Lexington, Mass., with Notes. 

[Continued from page 20.] 

[1778, June.] Thursday, 18th. Fine weather. Nothing remarkable. 

Friday, 19tli. Fine weather. This morning, Capt. Chew was close 
confined to his apartment, and in a few hours Mr. Duckett came and the 
officer of the guard to set him free; and in the afternoon seven American 
prisoners came on shore, and were examined at the Royal Hospital, and 
afterwards committed to Forton Prison. [See Roll.] 

Saturday, 20th. Clear weather. Nothing remarkable this day. 

Sunday, 21st. Fine weather. We have the news of three thousand 
troops having arrived at Spithcad (Scotch) for America, but their orders 
arc countermanded, l^ikewise a cartel ship arrived with them to carry us 
away. JMr. Thomas (turnkey) had laid a guinea that they are to carry us 
to be exchanged, and great talks we shall not be here a week longer. 



1877.] -4 Yanhee Privateersman in Prison, 213 

Monday, 2 2d. Very fine weatlier. All the officers put upon full allow- 
ance, which makes twenty-three days they have been upon half. No news 
about our going home. This day it has all turned out to be a falsehood. 
Out of all hopes. Nothing new. 

Tuesday, 23d. Fine weather. Mr, Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and 
paid us our money; and likewise told me, he would write to Mr. Hartly, 
and let him know that there are three transports now in the river. Tm 
very sick all this day, &c. &c. tfec. 

Wednesday, 24th. This day very clear. The eclipse of the sun appears 
very clear. Nothing new this day. I'm not very well myself, &c. &c. 

Thursday, 25th. Nothing remarkable this day. Very fine weather. 

Friday, 26th. Clear weather. Mr. Wrenn came and brought the news 
of a sea fight between three French frigates and an American armed 
schooner and two English men of war; the former had two frigates taken 
with the schooner, the other was towed into the port and by that means 
was saved. 

Saturday, 27th. Cloudy and rainy weather. Nothing remarkable this day. 

Sunday, 28th. Clear weather. This day it is contradicted by the news- 
papers concerning the American armed schooner that was taken. It was a 
French one, and carried ten carriage guns and one hundred and twenty men. 
The newspapers give a long account concerning the battle. The Arethusa 
was so much shattered, as to be obliged to go into dock as soon as she 
arrived. (Admiral Keppel's fleet that engaged.)'^ 

Monday, 29th. Very fine weather. Nothing remarkable this day. 

Tuesday, 30th. Clear weather. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and 
paid us our money, brought no news. At night came twenty-four French 
prisoners belonging to the Palace frigate taken by the English fleet, com- 
manded by Admiral Keppel. Our provisions not being good we condemned 
them, and had cheese in the room. 

Wednesday, July 1st. Rainy weather. Fifteen more prisoners came on 
shore (all French) and were committed to Forton Prison, both officers and 
privates taken in the Palace.^ 

Thursday, 2d. This morning the Fiftieth Merchant Regiment of foot 
marched here from Winchester and embarked on board the men of war to 
do duty as marines, and the marines that are on board to do duty as seamen. 
General Howe arrived here last night from America, but we have not heard 
any news as yet.^ Forty French prisoners were to have come on shore but 
did not, for what reason I know not. 

Friday, 3d. Cloudy weather. I went into the hospital to see the meat 
weighed, and at night came fifty more French prisoners and were committed 
to Forton Prison, which makes eighty-nine in the whole. No news con- 
cerning us. 

[To be continued.] 

^ The contributor would not multiply notes. Admiral Keppel sailed from St. Helens 
Monday, June 8th. Tuesday, 16th, with twenty-one ships of the line and three frigates, 
he passed by Plymouth. On the 18th, his squadron fell in with French cruisers— La Belle 
Poule, La Licornc, La Pallas, frigates, and La Coureur, sloop. The Licorne, Pallas, and 
the sloop he captured. The Belle Poulc was driven on shore on the coast of France. The 
Arethusa much shattered in contest with the Belle Poule, was wrecked, March, 1779, on 
the rocks near Ushant, while in pursuit of the enemy. — Gentleman's Magazine, for 1778, 
pp. 284, 285, &c. Aug. 16, 1776, arrived at Portsmouth, the Arethusa, Capt. Dent, in nine 
weeks from St. Helena, with the following Indiamen under her convoy: the Ankerwyke, 
Barwell, from Coast and Bay ; the Grosvenor, Saunders, from Coast and China, &c. — Town 
and Country Magazine^ for 1776, p. 445. 

2 '' Palace," in the original. The Pallas had 32 guns, and 220 men, when she was taken. 

3 General Howe arrived on the Andromeda, frigate, from Philadelphia. 

VOL. XXXI. 19 



214 Becord-Booh of the First Church in Char^lestown, [April, 



[Continued from page 82.] 
— Page 322 {Concluded). — • 



April 


8 
15 




22 


May 


13 




27 


lune 


10 
25 




luly* 


8 
15 


1716 

M 

luly 


D 

29 


Aug 


19 


Sept 


2 

23 




30 


Octob 


7 




21 


Nov' 


18 


Decern' 


2 




9 




16 




23 


1716 17 
M 
January 


D 

6 




13 




20 




27 


Februry 


3 



Elizabeth D. of m' Jn" & 

of m"" John & Ab. 



Thomas. S 

Mark S. of Mark & Elizabeth White 



Penny — 
Rayner — 



Beriah D of m'. William & Abigail Smith — 

Union. D. of John & Union Aborn — — 

Hannah D. of Randol & Davis — — 

Georo;e S. of m'^ Georo-e & Efther Minors — 

Sarah D. of m*" John & Sarah Carter — — 

Grace D of Richard & Grace Otis — — 

Andrew S. of Andrew & Mallet — — 

Lydia D. of m' Thomas & Mary Fofdick — — 

Jofeph S. of m'" Jofeph & Anne Newel — — 



Abigail D. of m^ Richard & Boy If tone — 

Grace D. of mr Jfaac & Grace Parker — 

Katharine Scolly, an Adult perfon — — 

Deborah D. of m' Samuel Huchifon — — 

Baptized — Page 323 — 

M^ Elkins Ofborn ______ 

Thomas S. of m' Andrew & Abigail Newel — 
Sarah D. of m"^ Jofeph & Sarah Cafwell — — 

Mark. S. of m^ Jonathan & Katharine Kettel 
John S. of m'. John & Hailah Fulker — — 

Richard S. of m'* John & Sprague — — 

Elizabeth D. of m' Benj & Mary Kettle — — 

lohn Coalman, an Adult perfon — — 

Jacob. S. of Elias Stone jun' & Abigail 's wife 
Mary D. of Charles & Sufannah White — — 
Timothy S. of Timothy & Mehitabel Swan — 
Margarit. D of m^ Thomas & Margarit Taylor 



David S. of Stephen & 



Ford 



leffs. S. of m' John & Johnfon — - 
John S. of m' Timothy & Goodwin 

Alice D. of m' Caleb & Anne Call — - 

Sarah D of m' Ebenez'' & Fowl — - 

Jofeph S. of m'' James & Miller — - 

John S of m' John Rand junr & Anne 's wife - 
Anne D. of m' Richard & Mary Miller — - 
Elizabeth D. of m' Benj. & Hurd — - 

Hannall JJ. Ot m' JJenj. OC L_ated— pi-obably rrothingham' J 

Ebenezer S. of m'. Eben^ & Hannah Breed - 



Penny 

Rayner 

White 

Smith 

Aborn. 

Davis. 

Minors 
Carter. 
Otis 
Mallet. 

Fofdick 

Newel 

Boylftone 
Parker 
Scolly 
Huchifon 



Ofborn 

Newel 

Cafwell 

Kettel. 
Fulker 

Sprague 

Kettel 

Coalman 

Stone 

White 

Swan 

Taylor 

Ford 

Johnfon. 

Goodwin 

Call 

Fowl 

Miller 
Rand 
Miller 
Hurd 

Breed 



Baptized — Page 324 — 

Abigail D. of m' John & m^ Anah Phillips 
Sarah D. of m'^ Thomas & Anne Chapman 



Hannah D of m^ Thomas & 



Brazier 



Daniel S. of M'". Daniel & m\ Rebecca Ruffel 



Phillips 

Chapman 

Brazier 

Ruffel 

Phillips 



1877.] Record-Boohof the First Church in Charlestoiv7i, 215 



March 



1717 
April 



May 

1717 

M 

May 

lune 



July 

Auo;uft 
Septem'" 



17 



25 



10 

17 
24 
31 



th 

7 



14 



21 

"28" 



D 

19 

"26" 
~2d 
9 
HT 
23 



30 



14 
21 

22 



4 
11 



Page 324 (^Concluded). — 
Deborah D. of m'" Chriftopher & 



Mabel D. of m'^ David & Mabel Townfend — 
Sarah D.^f the Revrd M"^ Joseph & Sarah Stevens 
Richard S. of m^. Samuel & Mary Gary — — 
Benjamin S. of ra^ Ebenez'' & Auftin — 

Hannah D. of m'" Jofeph & Hafiah Lewis — 



Goodwin 

Townfend 

Stevens 
Gary 

Auftin 
Lewis 



Samuel S. of m^ Samuel & Joannah Hill — — 



Richard S. of James & Mary Auftin — — 



William S. of m"". William & Sarah Pinfon — 
Hannah D of m'". Thomas & Hafiah Moufal — 
Gatharine D of D-^ Tlior& m" SlbylfGreaves — 
Jacob. S. of William & Margarit Alley — — 
Jofhuah S. of Robert & Sufanah Fofkit — — 
George S. of m"". Benj. & Abigail Bunker — 
Nathaniel S. of Nathaniel & Martha Robbins — 



Anna D. of m"^. Jofeph & Eliz. Phillips — — 



William S. of Thomas & Mary Dyer — — 
Abio-ail D. of John & Aborn — — 

_ O __^ 

Benjamin S. of m' Thomas & Mary Frothingham 

Baptized — Page 325 — 
Samuel S of m'". John & Mary Griffen — — 



B lany. S. of m-- Jofeph & Mary Wood 
Mary D of m'" John & Mary Larkin 



Hill 

Auftin 

Pinfon 
MoufaL 

Greaves 

Alley 

Fofkit 

Bunker 

Robbins 

Phillips 

Dyer 

Aborn 

Frothingham 



Griffen 

Wood 

Larkin 

Frothingham 

Hopping 

Teal 

Davis 



Ebenezer S. of m"" Samuel Frothingham — — 

Mary D. of m'" William & Mary Hoppin — — 

Caleb. S. of AViUiam & Teal — — 

Mary D. of m"^ Zechariah & Mildred Davis — 

M' John Powers — — — — — — — Powers 

William S. of m^ Samuel & Trumble — Trumble 

o y^' > Twins of m'" John & Mary Gary — Gary 



Mary Davis, ancilla R. D. Stevens — — 



M? Dorcas Soley, wife of m"" John Soley — — 
Ruth D. of m^ John & Ruth Stimpfon — — 
James S. of m*" James & Margarit Sherman — 



Nathaniel S. of m^ Nathaniel & Mary Tuft. 
Elizabeth D. of m"^ John & Powers. 



Mary D. of m'' John & Dorcas Soley — — 
Rebecca D of m*" Nathaniel & Elizabeth Waters 



Jofiah S. of m^ Jofeph Whitamore jur — — 
Sufanah D. of m'" John & Login — — 

Elizabeth D. of m^ William & Hafiah Bottril — 



Davis 

Soley 

Stimpfon 

Sherman 

Tuft 

Powers 

Soly 

Waters 

Whitamore 

Login 
Bottril 



17 

M 

Sept 


17 

D 

15 

22 


Octob'- 


13 



Baptized — Page 326 — 

John S. of m'" Richard & Mary Whitamore — 

Martha D. of m'" John Gall & 

Martha D. of William & Finton — — 



William S. of m^ John & Grace Newel 
Mary D. of ni'^ John & Mary Fowl 

M'^. Thomas Gammon — — — 



Whitamore 

Gall 

Finton 

Newel 

Fowl 

Garnon 



216 JRecord-Booh of the First Church in Oharlestown. [April, 



Novem' 



Decern''''^ 



1717 
Jan. 



Feb 



1717|1^ 

M 
Febr. 



March 



1718 
April 



Ma^ 



June 



M 

June 



July 



20 
27 



17 
24 

1 
"29" 



\\ 



12 
19' 



2d 



D 

23 

2d 
9 



24 

30 

6 
13 



4th 



18 
25 



— Page 32G {Concluded). — 
Mary D. of m'^ Jofeph & Eliz. Lemon — — 



Lemon 



Sarah D. of m^ Abrah. & Martha Hill 



Mary D. of Timothy & 



Read 



Sarah D. of m'" Henry & Sarah Wheeler — — 

Mr, Benjamin Sweetser Tertius [ ?] ? 

& his Brother | William Sweetser ^ , 

Sarah D. of M^ Thomas & Sarah Gammon — 
John S. of m*" Chriftoplier & Blatchford — 

Elizabeth D of m'' Mark & Elizabeth White — 



Efther D. of m^ William & Abigail Kettel 
Anne D. of m^ John & Bethiah Tayler — 



Hill 

Read 

Wheeler 

Sweetsers 

Cain on 

Blatchford 

White 

Kettel 
Tayler 



James S. of m^ James & Mary Kettel — — 
f^bifjail D. of m"^ Andrew & Abigail Newel — 



William S. of m'' William & Naomi Gowen — 
Hannah D. of m"" John Rand jun'^ & Anne 's wife 



Mildred S. of m' Jofeph & 



Rand — — 



Barnabas Davis Adit p"^ — — — — 
Sarah Bly Adult perfon — — — — 
Ebenezer S. of m'^ William & Mary Sheath 



Kettel. 
Newel 

Gowen 
Rand 

Rand 

Davis 

Bly. 

Sheath 



Baptized 



Pacre 327 — 



Jofhua S. of m^ Benjamin & Lucy Philipps — 
Daniel S. of m"" Elias Stone junr, & Abigail 's wife 



Edmund S. of m' John & Elizabeth Sprague 
Jofeph. S. of m' Jofeph & Ruth Hopkins 



& Mary Hutton 



Samuel S. of 
Rebecca D. of m"" James & Elizabeth Fluker — 
Hannah D. of m'" Vincent & m^. Haiiah Carter 
Mary D. of m"^. Charles & Rebecca Burroughs 



James S. of m"^ George & Abigail Darling 
Richard S. of m*" Richard & Grace Otis — 



D 

1718 



Alice wife of Benjamin Woodwel — — 
Mary Johnfon, & her sifter Abiel Johnfon 
Jonathan S. of m*" Jonathan & 



James S. of m"^ John & Hannah Fulker — 
ElizabethTD. of m' Thomas & ElizTWeKiT 



Philipps 

Stone 

Sprague 

Hopkins 

Hutton 

Fluker 

Carter 

Burrouo;hs. 

Darling 

Otis 

Woodwel 

Johnfon. 

Kendal 

Fulker 
Welfh 



John. S. of m^' Ebenez'', & Haiiah Breed — — 
Sarah D. of m^ Richard & Sarah Fofter — — 



Rebecca D. of m*' Samuel, & Sufaiiah Hill ju'^. 



Fowl — — 



Mr. William Clements — 

Mary D. of said W"^ Clements 

James S. of m'" James & 

Nathaniel S. of m^ Benjamin & Mercy Frothingham, 

John S. of m"" Thomas Harris jun'' — — — 

John S. of m^ Andrew Mallet — — — 



Breed 

Fofter 

Hill 

Clements. 

Clements 

Fowl 

Frothingham 

Harris. 

Mallet 



22 



Baptized — Page 328 — 

Alice D. of Benjamin & Alice Woodwel — 
Tiinothy^STofM'^ Ebenezer & Auftiir 



M*;^ Abiah Sherman, w. of m*" Samuel Sherman 
Steven S. of m"" James & Miller — — 



Woodwel 
Auftin 
Sherman 
Miller 



1877.] Record-Boohof the First Church in Charlestown, 217 



Ausfft 



Sept. 



Octob^ 
Novem'^ 



M 



Decern'''^ 



1718|19 
January 



February 



VOL. 



27 



10 



17 



24 



28 



12 

2^ 



16 
23 



30 



D 



21 



27 



5th 



11 



25 



\si 



15 



— Page 328 (^Concluded). — 

Martha D. of m"^ John & m^ Mary Gary — 
Jacob. S. of m'" Adam & Rachel Waters — 
Anne D of m'^ Ifaac & Grace Parker — 
Abigail D of m^ Jofeph & Eliz — 



Hailah D. of m"" Benj. Sweetzer ju"^, & Conftant 

his wife. 



Hanah D. of m'". John & 



Penny — 



Annah. 1). of m'" James Lowden junr & Hanah' s 

wife. 
Sarah D. of m''. William & Sarah Eaton — — 



Nathaniel D. of m"". Timothy & Goodwin. 

Mary D. of m^ Samuel & Abiah Sherman. — 

Thomas S. of m'' John & Grace Eads — — 
Thomas S. of m"^ Thomas & Sarah Jackfon — 



Gary 

Waters 
Parker 
Phillips 

Sweet' 
Penny 

Lowden 
Eaton 

Goodw. 
Sherman 
Eads 
Jackfon 



Jofeph S of m'' Jofeph Auftin jun'' & & Joana his 

wife. 
Timothy S. of m' Jofeph & Newel — — 

John S. of m' John & Hailah Dymon — — 
CalebT^Torm^ Galeb'&"Anne Gall~ '.^r'-:r 



Auftin 
Newel 
Dymon 

Gall 

Mehitabel, 3D. of m^ Jonathan & Katharine Kettel Kettel 

Pilfbury 
Gary 
White 



Abel Pilfbury, Adult perfon — — — — 
Jonathan S. of m^" Samuel & m® Mary Gary — 
Elizabeth D. of m''. Gharles & Sufaiiah White 



John S of m"^ John & m® Eliz. Stanly — — 



Jonathan. S. of m^ Benjain & Kettel 

Jfaac. S. of m^ John Kand jun'^ & 
Thomas. S. of m'". Abel & Sufaiiah Pilfbury 
Anna D. of mr. Richard & Anna Kettel 



22 



Baptized 1718 — Page 329 — 

Chrif topher S . of m'" Tho. & Brazier 

Elizabeth D. of m'' Jofeph & Lawrence 



Ambrose Goleby juvenis 



Andrew S. of M^ Andrew & Abigail Newel 



John S. of m"^ Thomas & Anna Ghapman 
David S. of m^ David & Mabel Townfend 
Abigail, D. of m"" James & Eliz. Gapen — 



Richard S. of m^ Richard & Miller 

Sarah D. of m'^ George & Efther Minors — 
Mehitabel D of m^' Jof. Whitamore ju"^ — 



Benjamin S. of m'" Benj. & Hurd 

Jofeph S. of m"^. Jofeph & Froft 

Rebecca D. of mr John & Simins 

Hannah D of m'^ John & Aborn 

Annah D. of M^ John & Fowl 



Brazier 
Lawrence 
Goleby 
Stanly 

Newel 

Kettel 

Rand 

Pilfbury 

Kettel 

Ghapman 

Townfend 

Gapen 

Miller 

Minors 

Whitamo 

Hurd 

Froft 

Simins 

Aborn 

Fowl 



Jonathan S. of M"^ Stephen & 



Ford 



Daniel S. of m^ Elas, jur & Abigail Stone 
John S. of m'^ John & Mary Griff en — 
I Jofeph. S. of m^ John & Faith Salter — 
[To be continued.] 

XXXI, 19=^ 



Ford 

Stone 

Griffen 

Salter 



218 JN'otes and Queries, [April, 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

English Captives in Canada. — Risliworth — Dummrr. — In No. 110 of the His- 
torical AND Gknealogical Kkgi.stkk, vol. xxviii. pa.i^e IGO, re.specting tlie above 
captives, it is stated, that '* Mary llinhwortli, dan. of Edward, of Lincohi, England, 
. . . born 8 Jan. IGOO, in York, m. 1st, William Sayer ; 2d, James rieisted;^ taken 
by the Indians of Acadia 25 Jan. 1692, with her two children Genevieve and Mary 

Joseph JSayer Mary Genevieve . . . born 4 April, 1681 Mary 

Joseph, her eister, born 9 March, 1685." 

As to the name of the first hus})and of Mary, I think a mistake has been made, 
I find on vol. i. p. 448, of York town records, as follows : 

" James Plaisteed — Bearth of his children 

Lydia Plaisteed was Borne the fouerth day of Jenewary in y° Year 1696. 

Olife Plaisteed was Borne the first day of May in ye Year 1698. 

Mary Sa>'word was Borne the fouerth April 1681, 

Susannah Sayword was Borne the ninth day of May 1683. 

Ester Sayword was Borne the Seventh day of March 1685. 

Hannah Sayword was Borne the twenty on of June 1687. 

John Sayword was Borne the Second day of Jenewary 1690." 

The above record, in the hand-writing of James Plaisted, he being town-clerk of 
York, was evidently all made at the same time, to wit, 1698 — Lydia and Olife (Olive) 
being tlien the only children born of his wife Mary Sayward. 

It will be seen the birth of Mary Sayward as recorded by him exactly agrees with 
her birth, as stated in the Register — and that the birth of Ester agrees with that 
of Mary Joseph in the Register, lacking two days. 

That Mary Rish worth m. John Sayward, previous to her marriage with James 
Plaisted, is certain, — for on vol. iii. page 121, of York Co. Reg. of Deeds, Edward 
Rishw^orth, father of Mary, Oct. 16, 1682, conveys to his " beloved daughter Mary 
Sayword, wifie of John Sayword," all his real estate in York. On the same day 
John Sayword, by a writing recorded in same records, vol. iii. pp. 122-3, obligated 
himself to pay the debts of said Rishworth, calling him his " father in law." Can 
there, therefore, be any doubt that Mary the daughter of Edward Rishworth married 
John Sayword ? 

That Jatnes Plaisteed m. Mary (Rishworth) Sayword, widow of John Sayword, 
is equally certain; for on page 169, vol. 1., of York town records, I find the 
following : 

" Pursewant to an Enstrement of Severuall Considerations made and Confirmed 
by the Select Men of this Town of York, bareing date Decern*^ : 10 : 1680 : to M''. 
Johji Sayword late of York Deceased : By request of iW'". James Plaisteed as he Stands 
Related to said Sayards instate by marriinc) his Widdow, We the Subscribers 
Selectmen of York Afores'^ have according to our best Judgment laid out and Stated 
an Articall or Paragrafe of said Enstrement Relating to Pine and oake Timber fit for 
Sawing " &c. &c. 

" Laid out and bounded by us Decem^ ye : 11 : 1701. Sam" Doniel, 

Mathew Austen, 
Abra'" Preule." 

Can there, therefore, be any doubt that Mary, the dau. of Edward Rishworth, b. 
in York, Jan. 8, 1660, m. (1) John Sayward; (2) James Plaisteed ? It will be seen 
that she was but 21 years old when her first child Mary Sayward was born — not 
probable, therefore, that she had previously married William Sayer. 

Edward Rishworth was a leading man in York from 1658 to near the time of his 
death. He was one of the " Exeter Combination" and came from Exeter, N. H. 
to Wells with the Rev. John Wheelwright about 1643, and married a dau. of 
Wheelwright. He sold his property in W^ells to John Barrett, vol. i. j). 61, York 
Co. Registry of Deeds ; came to York a little prior to 1658. Nov. 22, 1658, tiie town 
granted to him " 20 acres of land near ai^ainst the Corne Mill," .... "and in 
case tiiere is no Improvement of the said land within one year It is forfeited again 
to the Towne," — the terms of this i^rant indicating it to be the first one. He sub- 
sequently had numerous grants of land in York, was a very largo landholder and 
largely engaged in lumber and mill operations. He was not fortunate in his pccu- 



1877.] Notes and Queries. 219 

niary enterprises, and I think when he conveyed his real estate to his son-in-law, 
John Sayward, it was but a small remnant of his previous large possessions. The 
article in the Register alluded to in this communication would indicate that he was 
an emi(jrant from " Lincoln, England," therefore the first of the name in this part 
of New England. 

It is said the Rev. Shubael Dummer, born in 1636, a graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege in 1656, married the same year a dau. of Edward Rish worth, and one or more 
writers state that her name was Mary. Tradition here is, that the Rev. Shubael 
Dummer m. Mary Rishworth. 

Mr. Dummer came to York about 1662, his age then being about 26 years. If 
married in 1656 he was but 20 years old. This latter date was four years before the 
birth of " Mary the dau. of Edward of Lincoln, England." When he came to York 
in 1662 this Mary was but two years old. This disparity of age and the proofs I 
have adduced forbid the idea that Mary Rishworth, b. in 1660, was the wife of Mr. 
Dummer, — and besides she was the wife of Sayward certainly from 1681 to 1690, 
and of Plaisted from 1696 to 1698, a period subsequent to the death of Mr. Dummer 
in 1692. 

I have never seen the book published by Mr. J. L. Sibley, giving sketches of the 
graduates of Harvard College, but have before me a letter from a gentleman, cele- 
brated for his genealogical researches, wherein he says : " Sibley, in his account of 
Cambridge graduates, says that Rev. Shubael Dummer, who was killed at the 
massacre at York, Maine, married in 1656 Mary^. daughter of Edward Rishworth 
who married a daughter of John Wheelwright." 

Mr. Sibley may be right in saying Mr. Dummer m. Mary Rishworth ; and wrong 
in saying slie was the daughter of Edward Rishworth who married the daughter of 
Rev. John Wheelwright. Who then was Mary Rishworth the wife of Rev. Shubael 
Dummer ? My theory is, that she might have been the sister of Edward Rishworth 
who married the daughter of Rev. John Wheelwright. 

Richard Dummer, the father of Shubael, was born in 1599, and the Rev. John 
Wheelwright about 1594. They were friends, for Dummer and his wife favored 
Wheelwright's religious doctrines, for which he was banished from Boston. Rish- 
worth was undoubtedly of the same persuasion, for he was one of the followers of 
Wheelwright when he went from Boston to Exeter, and went with him to Wells 
about 1643, and married his daughter. 

Rishworth was the leading spirit in Wells, under Wheelwright, and when the 
latter left Wells, he (Rishworth) was the leading man there. 

As before stated, he came from Wells to York about 1658, finding the Rev. Mr. 
Hull preaching here. Mr. Hull left here in 1659, and being without a minister, 
Rishworth might naturally have invited his brother-in-law, Mr. Dummer, then the 
minister at Salisbury, to come to York and take the place of Mr. Hull. He came, as 
stated, about 1662. The connection of Rishworth with the family of Wheelwright, 
and the friendship and intimacy existing between the Dummers and Wheelwrights, 
furnishes good ground for the theory I venture to assume, viz., that the wife of the 
Rev. Shubael Dummer was the sister of Edward Rishworth, " the Recorder." 

I hope others more capable than myself will unravel this confusion and present a 
theory more satisfactory than I have been able to give. 

York, Maine. Nathaniel G. Marshall. 

[The Rev. John Wheelwright, in his will, dated May 25, 1679, printed in Bell's 
" John Wheelwright " (Prince Society's Publications), pp. 229-33, makes bequests 
to "my sone in law Edw. Rishworth," and to "Mary White my grand childe, 
daughter of y*^ s*^ Rishworth." This indicates that Sayward was not the first hus- 
band of Mary Rishworth. 

Col. Chester, in his article on the Hutchinson Family, in the Register, vol. xx. 
for the year 1866, gives at page 360 the names of the brothers and sisters of Edward 
Rishworth, children of the Rev. Thomas Rishworth, of Laceby, co. Lincoln, Eng., 

namely — Faith, m. Genyson ; Francis, eldest son ; Susanna ; Margaret and 

Charles. It is probable, therefore, that the wife of the Rev. Shubael Dummer was 
not one of them, though it is not impossible that a daughter Mary may have been 
born after the date of the Rev. Mr. Rishworth 's will. Mrs. Dummer, if her maiden 
name was Rishworth, may have been a niece or other relative of Edward Rish- 
worth. — Ed.] 

Woodbury and Eliot. — The following document is copied from" the original, 
loaned to the editor of the Register by Mr. Charles K, Woodbury, a student in 
Yale College, New Haven, Ct. :— 



220 Notes and Queries. [April, 

*' I Benjamin Eliot of Beverley in the County of Essex in New England Coaster 
do hereby Acknowledge my self Justly indebted & hereby Bind my Self my Heirs, 
Exec*"" & Adm^* to pay unto Andrew Woodbury of Ipswich in s^ County Husband- 
man his Exec" Adni''" or Assigns Tiic Sum of Thirty Poundu LawfuU Money of New 
Enghmd Witness my Hand & Seal This third day of December Anno Domini 
Seventeen Hundred and Thirty live. 

Tiie Condition of this Obligation is that if the above nam'd Andrew Togetlier with 
Elizabeth his now Wife shall not forthwith Join w^'^ the s*^ Benjamin in a Petition 
to tbe great *fc Cen^' Court of T'liis Province to get a certaine Deed once made to the 
s*^ Benjamin's Great Grandfather Andrew Eliot from one Zachariah Symmes of 
Charlestown Confirm'd (the s'l Deed being defac'd) & if the s'^ Gen'' Court shall not 
confirm the s'l Deed so as to Render it Valid in Law then this Obligation Shall be 
void or else Remain in force so far as to Oblige the s^ Benjamin his Heirs, Exec" & 
Adm'^ to pay unto the s'' Peter his Exec""^ Adm'" or Assigns the Sum of fifteen pounds 
Good Bills of Credit or Lawful Silver Money of New England w^'^ Lawful Interest 
for the same At or before the Third day of December next. 

iSign'd, Seal'd & Deliver'd Benj. Eliot. 

In Presence of 
John Thorndike Jun'" 
Henry Hale." 

[Endorsed : " Bond, Ben^ Eliot to And. Woodbury." 

In the notes on the Eliot genealogy in the Register, vol. xxiii. pp. 336-40, we find 
no Benjamin Eliot, great-grandsim of Andrew Eliot, mentioned, though the name 
Benjanun appears among the descendants of Jacob, brother of the Rev. John Eliot, 
the " Apostle to the Indians." The pedigree of the latter family, printed in the 
Register, vol. xxviii. pp. 144-5, indicates that there was no very near connection 
between the families. Who were the father and great-grandfather of this Benjamin 
Eliot of Beverly ?— Ed.] 

A Treacle fetch'd out of a Viper {ante, xxx. 462). — Cotton Mather is the 
author. The title is included under the date of 1700, in the list of his books made 
by his son Rev. Samuel Mather, and printed in his life of Cotton Mather. 

Cliicacjo, 111. William F. Poole. 

[This query has been answered by several other gentlemen. — Ed.] 



Douglas, Campbell and Lillibridge. — Charles H. J. Douglas, 50 Olive Street, 
Providence, R. I., who has been for some years engaged in preparing a genealogy of 
the Douglas family, expects to publish it next fail. He furnishes the pedigree of 
the late Senator Douglas for this number of the Register, ante, p. 160. He is also 
engaged on the Campbell and Lillibridge families, and will receive and furnish in- 
formation concerning them. 



Wife of William Cutter. — I perceive by the elaborate and excellent Cutter 
Genealogy, page 51, that obscurity there rests upon the alliance of William Cutter. 
His consort was daughter of Jonathan Rice of Sudbury. This is made evident 
by the will o'F' Mary, widow of Jacob Watson, of Cambridge, March 10, 1725-6, 
where she be(j[ueaths to David and Henry Rice, and to Ann, wife of William Cutter. 
Their mother was Rebecca, eldest baptized child of John Watson, of Cam. The 
Rice Genealogy, page 12, unfortunately s])ells the name Cutler, thus preventing 
this alliance from being known to the com})ilcr of the Cutter Family. The marriage 
of a Cutler on the line i)recediug, however, is correct; being Elizabeth, dau. of 
James Cutler, Jr., of Sudl)ury. t. b. w. 

Cleaveland and Pearson. — If any one can furnish information of the place and 

date of the marriage of Benjamin Cleaveland to Rachel of , occurring 

about A.D. 1736; and also place and date of marriage of their daughter Phebe 
Cleaveland to Ephraim I\arsjn (or Parsjns), or where any descendants of the latter 
are now living, please address without delay, Horace G. Cleveland. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

Cleaveland. — Horace G. Cleveland, of Cleveland, Ohio, is prcjiaring for pub- 
lication a genealogy of the descendants of Moses Cleaveland, ul Woburu, Mas?-. 
Kecoids and other matters relating to the family are desired. 



1877.] JSFotes and Queries. 221 

Bankes. — Any information respecting the history of Richard Bankes, York, 1649 
(Savage, vol. i. p. 112), or any ot his descendants, is earnestly solicited by the un- 
dersigned, V7ho has just commenced a research after the Banks Family of America. 
Address — Charles E. Banks. 

Ill Lincoln Street, Portland, Maine. 



Anthony. — The undersigned is now engaged on a Genealogy of the Anthonys of 
Nev7-England, and requests the cooperation of ail who are connected with it by birth 
or marriage, so that it may be made as full and complete as possible. 

Camhridgeport , Mass. John Gould Anthony. 

DuRSTON. — On the York County (Maine) Probate Records, June 8, 1703, 1 find 
administration granted to Thomas Durston, of Haverhill, on the estate of his father, 
Thomas Durston, of Kittery, deceased, intestate. Query. — The relationship between 
these Thomas Durstons and Thomas the husband of Hannah, the slayer of the 
Indians in 1696. George A. Gordon. 

Lowell, Mass. 

DuRKEE. — Is anything known about the parentage of Nathaniel Durkee, of 
Windham, Conn., who married Mary Baker Aug. 21, 1727? He lived in Hampton, 
Conn., 1730 to 1737 ; bought land in Woodbury, Conn., in 1738, and had a brother 
Jedidiah. C. E. Durkee. 

Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Healey {ante, p. 67). — In the January number of the Register I find the pardon 
of William Healey, of Hampton, who was convicted of treason in connection with 
Gove's insurrection in 1683. 

William Healey (as those of the name and family have always written and spelled 
it) was the fourth child of William Healey who was made a freeman at Marshfield in 
1643. William 2d was born at Roxbury, July 11, 1652 ; married Sarah Brown, 29, 
9, 1677, and removed to Hampton, probably what is now Seabrook, N. H. After 
his pardon for his connection with Gove, he returned to Cambridge, and died there 
in 1689. 

The name, though its bearers spelled it Healey, was variously written by others, 
and not infrequently Hely, and I cannot resist the impression that a careful examina- 
tion of the original will show that the word is there written Hely. That the person 
and name are properly Healey, there can be no doubt, as continuous records and 
family tradition make it entirely certain. 

Exeter, N. H. John J. Bell. 



Amherst Wilder was born 1771 or 2. Married and lived in Cavendish, Vt., in 
1795. Removed to Lewis, Essex Co., N. Y., where he died in 1854. Can any, who 
see this, tell me his father's name and residence? He had brothers Jael and 
Joseph, and married Mary Proctor, of Newfane, Vt. Moses H. Wilder. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Fiske, Brown, Campfield, Dimon and Hill. — Phineas Fiske, of Salem 1641, 
Wenham 1644, estate settled 1673. Whom did he marry? 

John, his son, m. Remember . Who was she ? 

Samuel Brown, of Stonington, Conn., b. 1722 ; m. May 12, 1748, Phoebe Wilbour, 
of Little Compton. Who was she? 

Lieut. Thomas Campfield of New Haven, of Milford 1647; d. 1687. Wife 
Phoebe. Who was she ? Who was he? 

Moses Dimon or Dymond, son of Thomas of Fairfield, b. 1642 ; m. Abigail . 

Who was she? 

His son Moses, b. 1672 ; m. Jane . Who was she? 

Eliphalet Hill, son of Eliphalet of Fairfield, Conn., b. 1695. Whom did he marry ? 
Neiu York, N. Y. J. D. C, Jr. 



Champion. — Is there a genealogy or coat-of-arms of the Champion family to which 
Dr. Reuben Champion, surgeon in the revolutionary army, who died at Ticonderoga, 
N. Y., March 27, 1777, belonged? Will some of his descendants communicate? 

Westjieldy Mass. Mrs. Maria M. Whitney. 



222 2^otes and Queries. [April, 



insertion in the Register, a transcript of manuscript notes by Cotton Mather, in a 
copy of one of his works in the library of F. C. Brooke, Esq., Ulford, near NVood- 
bridiic, Suffolk. The title-page of the book is : " Ratio Disciplina) Fratrum | Nov- 
Anglorum | — | A | Faithful Account | of the | Discipline | Professed and Practised 
I in the | Churches I of I New-Eni:;land. I — I Boston : Printed lor S. Cerrish in 
Cornhill | 1726." 

On the recto of the first fly-leaf is written : 

" Samuel Bridgewell 

April 12, 1766." 

Beneath this, in the autograph of Mather, is 

" To the Reverend 
Mr. Loftus 
Minister of the Rnglish Church 
at Rotterdam." 

On the recto of the second fly-leaf, also in the autograph of Cotton Mather, is 

" To the Reverend 
Mr. Loftus, 
Sr 

No vessels that I have known of, sailing from hence to Rotterdam^ for a long 
time, I have wanted opportunities to have transmitted unto you many Things, 
wherewith I would have entertained you. 

But an ingenuous young Gentleman whose name is Mr. Ebenezer Robie, bound 

[♦which I fr^"^ hence for Amsterdam, allowes me to hope, that he will find a way to 

happen to convey to you* Haifa dozen Books [more particularly, 1, This Ratio 

have at DiscipUiuc. 2, parcntaior or y^ Life of D"" Mather. 3, Ccelestinus. 

hundj ^^ Manuductio ad Ministcrium. 5, Psaltcrivm America num. 6, Zal- 

monah, and another pamphlett or two] which I humbl}' tender to your acceptance. 

Many years have rolled away since I heard from dear Mr. Ward^ which makes 
me fear he may have gone to the place of Silence ; 

If the Good Soul be yctt sojourning in this Land of the Dying, I pray remembei 
me to him, and lett my C^lestinus from me wait upon him. 

These Things come to you from a Far Countrey ; But we are not far from a Bet- 
ter ; for the Faith & Hope of which 1 am Sr 

Your Brother & Servant 
Boston, N. England, Cotton Mather." 

Jun.'n, 1726." 

You may rely on the correctness of this copy. It is in the hand-writing of Mr. 
Brooke . 

31 Cornhill J Ipswich, England. James Read. 

Letter of Daniel Cueever, 1774. — {Comm,unicatcd by Mrs. Isabella James of 
Cambridge, Mass.) 

Re^i Sir : " Salem, Oct. 20th, 1774. 

You cannot l)e unacquainted with the great Loss I have sustained by the Late 
terribl(! Fire in this Town. 

^ly House, Shop, Barn, more than 20 Tun of good hay, 70 Bushels of indian corn ; 
witli my winter wood, &c. &c., arc all consume,! by the triumphant Flames. Thus 
as in a moment I am stript, and made poorer than tlie jH)or. 1 have since lost a good 
Horse, — and, which adds greatly to my aflliction, (Jiod in his Providence has taken 
away my youngest Son by Death : he was carried sick out of my burning House, 
and now is no more — and hy an unha|)py Blow on my Head, by which my Life was 
greatly endangered, 1 am rendered yet more miserable. Thus uncertain are all our 
earthly enjoyments ! and thus Afllictions in melaneholly Train succeed each other. 
It would be hap|)y for me and my poor distre.s'' Family if all these Tryals should be 
bles'' for our best good. That this may bo the Mvent 1 ask the Prayers of all God's 
Peoj)le. 

And as 1 am thus reduced, I think it ray Duty to ask the charitable a.ssistance of 
my fellow men. 

1 have been advised to write to some of the neighboring Towns, and ask their 
Alms, and 1 shall submit the matter to your wisdom & prudence ; but hope, if you 



1877.] Notes and Queries » 223 

think proper, my case may be laid before your People, To do good to all as we have 
opportunity^ is a comm^i that will ever have great weight with the blessed Followers 
of the Benevolent Redeemer. 

Any thing that falls from the Hand of Charity will be thankfully received, and 
gratefully accepted by, S"^ your very humble servant 

and Friend, 

To I the Rev^ Isaac Story | Marblehead." Daniel Cheever. 



The Symonds Family. — "What families of this name are there in the U.S.A., from 
whom do they trace descent, and where can pedigrees be found? Was William 
Symonds, who settled at Woburn in 1644, married Judith Shippen, and died in 
1672, connected with Samuel Symonds, deputy Governor of Mass.? Samuel had a 
son William, who died in 1679, and married a Mi8s Wade : but this could not be 
the same person as the first mentioned W^illiam. Any genealogical information will 
be thankfully received. W. G. Dimock Fletcher. 

208 Cowley Road, Oaford, England. 

[No connection has been traced between the Ipswich and Woburn families. Mr. 
Appleton, in the "Ancestry of Priscilla Baker" (noticed in the Register, xxv. 
96), gives the pedigree of Dep. Gov. Samuel Symonds for several generations, and 
other documents relative to his family; and the late Rev. Samuel Sewall, in his 
" History of Woburn" (noticed in the Register, xxii. 483), gives an account of 
William Simonds and his descendants. — Ed.] 



Riddells, Riddles, Ridlons and Ridleys. — A genealogical and biographical his- 
tory of these families " ot England, France, Scotland, Ireland and America," by 
the Rev. G. T. Ridlon, of Harrison, Maine, is now announced as ready lor publica- 
tion. At a meeting of the families in Philadelphia, July 3, 1876, a " Co-operative 
Publishing Committee " was appointed, and they have issued a prospectus of the 
work. The subscription price will be five dollars a copy. Those in want of the 
book are invited to send their orders at once to the author, that the committee may 
know how largre an edition is needed. 



'&"■ 



Davenport. — B. F. Davenport, M.D., 751 Tremont St., Boston, Mass., is collect- 
ing for publication a genealogical History of the Davenport Families in America, 
other than those of the Rev. John Davenport, of Boston and New Haven, which have 
been already published by Mr. A. B. Davenport, of 367 Fulton St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Of the descendants of Thomas Davenport of Dorchester, Mass., in 1640, he already 
has about 2000 of the Davenport name with the place and date of birth, marriage 
and death. Of Capt. Richard Davenport of Salem 1628, and in 1642 commander 
of the Castle in Boston Harbor, he already has about 300 of the Davenport name. 
He has also numerous names of the descendants of the Davenport families which 
first settled in Virginia and at New Rochelle, N. Y. He wishes all who can to aid 
him in making his history complete, by sending him the full name, place and date 
of birth, marriage and (when dead) the death of any member of a Davenport family 
they may know, with the P.O. address of those who can tell him more than they can 
themselves. 



Rev. Seth Noble, born in Westfield, Mass., April 15, 1743, a Whig refugee in 
1777, from Mangerville, Nova Scotia, where he had been a (Cong.) minister for 
several years, commenced his ministry in Bangor, Me., Sept. 10, 1786. 

Can any one inform me wiiere he was, and how engaged, from 1777 to 1786 ? He is 
known to have supplied, for a few months in 1785 and 1786, the (Cong.) church in 
Augusta, Me., and is said to have preached for three years to a (Presb.) church in 
Seabrook, N. H. His fiimily were resident, in 1783, and in Feb. 1786, in New Mar- 
ket, N. H. The church there not being at that time vacant, it has been conjectured 
that during those years he was preaching in Seabrook. Five or six years of his life, 
between 1777 and 1786, are therefore still unaccounted for. 

Can any one also inform me whether he was ever connected with any College? 
He was not a College graduate, yet is known to have been a Latin student. Did he 
study theology in Newbury, Mass. ? If so, when and with whom? 

Hartford^ Conn, Lucius M. Boltwood. 



224 Notes and Queries, [April, 

Figure Head of the Constitution. — The following letters relative to repairing 
the figure head of the Constitution, have been copied for us from the files of the 
Navy Department, Washington, by Rear-Adra. George Henry Preble, U.S.N. The 
figure head of President Jackson had been cut off from this frigate July 2, 1834, by 
Samuel W. Dewey. A narrative of this exploit will be found in Drake's " Historic 
Fields and Mansions of Middlesex," pp. 41. — 

" Commodore Charles (t. Ridgeley, 

Commander Navy Yard, Navy Department, 

New York. 13 March, 1835. 

Sir : 

I have just received a letter from the Commissioners of the Navy Board of the 
9th inst., and find there is some misunderstanding as to repairing the figure head 
of the Constitution. No more is wanted, than that so much of the Figure head 
as has been removed should be restored, which certainly can be done in two days. 
I wrote you a private letter, that you might have Mr. Dodge prepared before hand 
to have this done with the least possible delay. 

It is of immense importance that the ship should .sail for France immediately. 

I must request you to afford every facility in equipping her for sea without delay. 

The Commissioners have given directions that the powder necessary for the ship 
should be purchased, if that sent from Norfolk should not arrive in time. 

The Constitution will go to France and return before she performs further service, 
so that her stores need not be so extensive as if she was upon a long cruise. Des- 
patch is the great object, and every thing must yield to that. 

If the head which Mr. Dodge has been preparing can be completed sooner than 
the repairs I have directed can be made, let it be done — not otherwise — 1 am not 
willing to lose a day. I am very Respectfully, 

M. DiCKERSON, 

Secretary of the Navy.''^ 

" Commodore Jesse D. Elliott, 

U. S. Ship Constitution, Navy Department, 

New York. 13 March, 1835. 

Sir: 

I am much mortified to hear that there may be delay in completing the Figure 
Head of the Constitution. 

I wish nothing more done than merely replacing as much of the Head as had been 
removed, which I know can be done in two or three days, and I wrote on to New 
York to have Mr. Dodge employed to make the repair with the least possible delay. 

I have directed Commodore Ridgeley to afford you every facility in fitting out 
your ship ; despatch is all important. 

It is the wish of the President that not a moment should be lost in the sailing of 
the ship. 

If it is your pleasure to take out your son as a boy doing midshipman's duty, it 
will not he objected to. 

I am very Respectfully, 

M. DiCKERSON, 

Secretary of the Navy.^^ 



Booth and Hollingsworth. — Can any one give me information concerning John 
and Ebcnezer Booth, brothers, who lived at or near Elkton, Cecil Co., Md., of whom 
it is said that John was Capt. and Ebenezer a Lieut, in command of a company of 
*' Light Horse," that was called to the defence of a fort at or near Elk Point, Md., 
during the war of 1812? By tradition we are informed that tiie Britisii made an 
attempt to land there, that the troops in the fort or other doience were commanded 
by Capt. John Booth, and that they prevented the British troops from landing. 

I have never been al)le to find anything in written iiistory confirming this tradition. 
Will some reader of the Register inform me where such written information can be, 
if it is to be, found? Can some reader give the names of the "Pilgrims of St. 
Mary's," who came over in the " Ark and Dove"? In Register, vol. xxi. ])age 
254, may be found copy of ^Mrs. Mary Gates's will, in which she bequeathed to John 
Booth of Delamere, or liooth's Mills, Md., a ])icture of his ancestor. Rev. Robert 
Booth, and to Frank Hollingsworth her '' fine edition of Ovid's Metamorphoses." 
How and to what family of Booths was she related? What relationship did she 
bear to Frank Hollingsworth? Was this Frank Hollingsworth a descendant of 



1877.] I^otes and Queries, 225 

Henry IloUingsworth who held the office of Sheriff of Chester Co., Penn., 1695, 
afterwards surveyor of Cecil Co., Md. ? Were Henry Holllngsworth and the Booths 
of Delaware Co., Pa,, and Cecil Co., Md. related? if so, how? In my Booth gen- 
ealogical research I find one George Booth who is said to have married a Millie 
Wright, or Rite, and with a brother Stephen lived in or near Rye, Westchester 
Co., N. Y., about 120 years ago, supposed to have been about 1730. From Rye, N. 
Y., he moved to Montgomery Co., Va., thence, soon after, to Russell Co., Va., 
bought a farm on north side of Clinch mountain, and thei-e died about sixty years 
ago. His descendants think he came direct from England, but are not positive. 
Could this George Booth be a descendant of Ensign John Booth of Southold, L. I.? 
if so, please give the connection. Address, John T. Boom. 

Wyoming J Ohio. 

Wells — Weld. — Charles K. Wells, Esq., of Milwaukee, Wis., author of the 
Wells Genealogy, noticed in the Register, xxix. 216, calls our attention to his Ap- 
pendix, p. 15, where "An inventory of the estate of John Wells of Wells, who 
deceased the 11th of April, 1677," is referred to. This John Wells was the second 
son of Thomas Wells of Ipswich. JNlr. Wells queries whether this is not the person 
who, under the name of John Weld, is reported in Hubbard's "Indian Wars" 
(Drake's ed., li. 230) as having been killed with Benjamin Storer, by the Indians in 
Wells, Maine, April 12, 1677. Williamson, in his "History of Maine," i. 549, 
and Bourne in his " History of Wells and Kennebunk," p. 149, give still another 
date (April 13), as that on which Storer and Weld were killed. The names Wella 
and Weld are frequently confounded. Any facts touching this subject will be 
thankfully received by Mr. Wells. 



Stevens, No yes, Ilsley and Brocklebank. — Perhaps I can throw some light on 
several queries in the January number of the Register. 

1st {ante, p. 104), " William Stevens, Who was he? " In 1653 a William Stevens 
was owner of land in " Noyes's Neck " in Newbury. The same year Nicholas Noyes 
and George Little were two of the appraisers of the estate of William Stevens. 

Was this the William Stevens who married one of the two daughters of Samuel 
Bidfield of Suffolk Co., May 19, 1645? The other daughter, Mary, married Samuel 
Plumer, of Newbury. 

2nd {ante, p. 104), " Who was Moses Noyes? " Taken in connection with other 
circumstances t should think he was the son of Rev. James Noyes, "sometime 
teacher of Newbury," and was born in that town, Dec. 6, 1643, graduated at Har- 
vard 1659, and afterwards settled in Lyme, Conn., where he was its first minister. 

3d {ante, p. 112). In regard to the name of Isaac llsley and wife, all I can find in 
the Newbury records is the birth of Isaac Ilsley, July 3, 1698, and the marriage of 
Isaac ilsley and Abigail Moody, March 16, 1721. 

4th and last {ante, p. 118), the person who wishes to know about the Brocklebank 
family would do well to send to Rowley, Mass., for information. It was the earliest 
home of the family in this country, but there are a few of the name there now. 

Newbury, Mass. M. T. Little. 

Whitney. — J. M. Bancroft, 192 Broadway, New York city, will send an obituary 
of the late H. H. Whitney, of Montreal, Canada, who d. Jan. 29, 1877, as published 
in an editorial of the Montreal Herald of Jan. 30th, to any one wishing it. 



G. T. RiDLON, of Harrison, Me., will soon have a complete list of Maine families 
filled out in alphabetical arrangement ; it will be very valuable to aid in opening 
correspondence with these families for historical purposes. Any person desiring in- 
formation relative to Maine families may have assistance. 



Americans of Royal Descent. — Charles H. Browning, Esq., 1632 Spruce Street, 
Philadelphia, is collecting the pedigrees of Americans who can trace, without a 
doubt, in consecutive generations, their descent from Royalty, for the purpose of 
combining them in a book after the style of Burke's " Roj^al Families of England, 
Scotland and VYales." The title will probably be " Americans of Royal Descent." 
He wishes such persons to send him, at the above address, their pedigrees made out 
in as simple a form as possible, and at an early day. 

VOL. XXXI. 20 



226 JSfotes and Queries, [April, 

Maini: State Celebrities. — 1 am still gathering data for the above-named work, 
and solicit correspondence relative to all distinguished men and women of the state 
from its settlement down to the present time. I have a large biographical collection 
already — the result of several years research. G. T. Ridlon. 

Harrison, Me. 



The Scotch-Irish. — Information relative to the history of the "Scotch-Irish" 
families who came to this country from A.D. 1718 to 1750 is now wanted by the 
Kev. G. T. Ridlon, Harrison, Me. The families that settled in Bedford and Lon- 
donderry, N. H., are known. 

The Literary World, a monthly journal, founded by Samuel R. Crocker, 
nearly seven years ago, and till then edited and published by him, was in March last 
purchased by Messrs. Edward Abbott and Edward H. Hames, respectively of the 
editorial and business department of The Congrcgationalist. We are glad that the 
publication has fallen into their hands. Mr. Abbott, the new editor, we feel con- 
fident will sustain the high reputation which the Literary World has attained under 
Mr. Crocker's management. The subscription price is $1.50 a year. Address, JB. 
H. Hames & Co., 6 Congregational House, 1 Somerset Street, Boston. 



Virginia History. — Robert A. Brock, Esq., of Richmond, Va., has published from 
time to time, in the Richmond newspapers, valuable articles illustrating the history 
of that city and the state of Virginia. In the Daily Despatch, March 3, will be 
found a communication from him introducing a letter from AV. Noel Sainsbury, 
Esq., of London, Eng., compiler of the " Calendar of Colonial State Papers," who 
has furnished to the Virginia State Library, abstracts of important papers relating 
to that state from the Public Record Office at London, " enriched with critical and 
explanatory notes drawn from the wealth of his careful and extended investigation." 
The letter gives new facts relative to Gov. John Harvey and Richard Stephens a 
member of his Council. Stephens, in 1624, fought a duel with George Harrison. 

Mr. Brock makes a strong appeal for the collection and preservation of materials 
for the history of the Old Dominion, and expresses a hope that measures will be 
taken by the General Assembly to retain the services of Mr. Sainsbury until the 
valuable resources under his control have yielded all that is desirable. " Nor should 
the precious matter in our own archives," says Mr. Brock, "be allowed to rest 
neglected. The publication, of the ' Calendar of State Papers,' so lovingly edited 
by Dr. Palmer, should be speedily completed with the second volume, which is said 
to want but little further preparation for final committal to the printer." 



PuBLicoLA. — AVho was " Publicola," the pseudonym of the author of the " New 
Vade Mecum ; or a Pocket Companion for Lawyers, Deputy Sheriffs, and Constables, 
suggesting many Grievous Abuses and Alarming Evils, which attend the Present 
Mode of Administering the Laws of New Hampshire," &c. &c., " By Publicola." 
[Published in Boston, Mass., and Concord, N. H., 1819 ; 12 mo., pp. 155. J 

Boston. A. H. h. 



Old Georgetown and Woolwich, Maine. — The Rev. II. O. Thayer of Woolwich, 
Me., is gathering materials for a history of that town, which will also include an 
extended notice of the connected region — the Old Georgetown. He will be thankful 
for any items or documents concerning the territory of Sagadahoc, especially under 
Gov. Andres's administration. 



Rogers. — Information is wanted of the names and any other particulars of the 
wife and child or children of William Rogers, son of the Rev. John and Mrs. 
Martha (Whittingham) Rogers, of Ipswich, Mass., who, in 1731, had been "in 
Maryland eleven years," and who died at Annapolis, July 29, 1749, in the 31st year 
of his age. He arrived in New England on a visit in 1731, and was an officer in the 
Royal military service. 

Information is also wanted of Timothy Rogers, son of the Rev. Nathaniel and 
Mrs. Margaret (Crane) Rogers, of Ipswich. He was "a merchant of Boston, 
Mass., Nov. 9, 1G88., Augustus D. Rogers. 

Salem, Mass. 



i 



1877.] Societies and their Proceedings, 227 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PEOCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston^ Massachusetts ^ Wednesday, October 4, 1876. — A quarterly meeting was 
held this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, the 
president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

The following gentlemen were appointed a committee to nominate officers for the 
ensuing year, viz. : Frederic Kidder, William B. Trask, Jeremiah Colburn, 
David G. Haskins, Jr., and the Hon. James W. xlnstin. 

The Hon. James W. Austin of Boston then read a paper on " New England in 
the Pacific." He spoke particularly of the influence that New England had exert- 
ed on the Hawaiian or Sandwich IslandvS. 

John Ward Dean, tlie librarian, reported that 46 volumes, 132 pamphlets and a 
number of other articles had been presented the last month. Letters were read 
from Lt.-Col. James 11. Jones and Thomas C. Smith relating to their donations. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, read letters, accepting 
the membership to which they had been elected, from Josei)h Andre Cassimir Conte 
of Marseilles, France; Divie Bethune McCartie of Tokio, Japan, and Spencer Bon- 
sall of Philadelphia, as corresponding members; and from the Hon. Charles R. 
Train of Boston, George L. Austin of Cambridge, Frederic R. Nourse of Boston, 
the Rev. Charles W. Hayes of Portland, INle., the Rev. John Weiss of Boston, and 
the Hon. Nathan Crosby of Lowell, as resident members. 

The nominating committee reported the names of John Ward Dean, Col, Albert 
H. Hoyt, Jeremiah Coil)urn, William B. Trask and ('harles \V\ Tuttle, as candidates 
for acommitteeon publication, from October, 1876, to October, 1877, and they were 
unanimously elected as such. 

Thanks were voted to Judge Austin for his paper, and to the several donors men- 
tioned by the librarian for their gifts. 

November 1. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, at the usual place and 
time, president Wilder in the chair. 

William Carver Bates, of Newton, read a paper on the " Life and Revolutionary 
Services of Col. Joseph VVard." Remarks on the subject were made by the Rev. 
Dor us Clarke, D.D., William Allen, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Joseph W. 
Tucker, and William H. C. Lawrence. Thanks were voted to Mr. Bates for his 
paper. 

The librarian reported as donations during October, 14 volumes, 57 pamphlets, 
3 manuscripts, and several other articles. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptance of the Rev. Stephen H. 
Hayes of Boston, Frederic L. Gay of Cambridge, and Simon W. Hathaway of 
Boston. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, read a memorial sketch of the late 
Hon. James Gregory of Marblehead, a resident member. 

William H. Montague made some remarks on the services to the Society in its 
early days, of the late Rev. Samuel H. Riddel, and on motion of the Hon. George 
W. Warren, Mr. Montague was requested to prepare a paper on the subject, with 
suitable resolutions, 

December Q. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in 
the chair. 

Sidney Brooks read a paper entitled, " Incidents in the History of a Cape Cod 
Town." While the paper related to one of the towns (Harwich), it presented cen- 
tennial thoughts on Cape Cod as connected with the great events in the world's 
history. He was followed by remarks from Frederic Kidder, Dr. William M. Cor- 
nell, and the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter. Thanks were voted to Mr. Brooks. 

The librarian reported that during November, 17 volumes, 64 pamphlets, besides 
other articles, had been presented. A letter from Aaron D. Capen relating to his 
donation was read. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting membership from the Hon. 
John B. D. Cogswell of Yarmouth Port, M. Armand Guys of Boston, as resident, 



228 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 

and from the Rt. Rev. Alexander Gregf^, D.D., of Galveston, Texas, and George A. 
Stoekwell of Port Huron, Mich., as corresponding members. 

Tiie hiBtoriographer road memorial sketches ot the following deceased members, 
viz. : the Hon. Henry Wilson of Natick, the Hon. Henry P. Haven of New Lon- 
don, Ct., Samuel G. Drake of Boston, William B. Towne of Milford, N. H., Enoch 
C Rolfe, M.D., of Boston, George Baty Blake of Brookline, John Wells Parker of 
Boston, Salomon Alof^en of Arnhem, Netherlands, Daniel F. Child of Boston, the 
Hon. Gurdon Trumbull of Hartford, Ct., and Abel Ball, M.D., of Boston. 

RnODE-ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Providence, Tuesday, December 5, 1876. — A stated meeting was held in the Cabinet 
on AV'aterman Street, this evening at Ih o'clock, the president, the Hon. Samuel G. 
Arnold, in the chair. 

The Kev. Edwin M. Stone, the librarian, reported a larf^e list of donations. 

The Hon. Samuel G. Arnold then read a paper, entitled, " An Historical Sketch 
of the ToAvn of Middlejown, R. I." 

Remarks were made by Prof. J. L. Diman and the Hon. Zachariah Allen, and on 
motion of the former, thanks were voted to Mr. Arnold for his able historical paper. 

December 19. — A meeting was held this evening, President Arnold in the ciiair. 

Col. John Ward of New York read a paper on " The Life and Services of Gov. 
Samuel Ward of Rhode Island," giving an interesting account of the part taken by 
Gov. Ward in the events preceding and in the early part of the Revolutionary war. 
Gov. Ward, who was the ancestor of the author of the paper, died at Philadelphia, 
March 26, 1776, while representing his state in the Continental Congress. William 
Ellery was his successor. 

After remarks by Prof. William Gammell, LL.D., thanks were voted to Col. Ward 
for his paper. 

The librarian reported a list of donations. 

January 2, 1877. — A meetino; was held this evening. President Arnold in the chair. 

Rev. Edwin M. Stone read a paper on " Rochambeau's Army in America." 

Remarks from vice-president Zachariah Allen followed, and on motion of A. V. 
Jenks, the thanks of the society were voted to the Rev. Mr. Stone for his paper. 

January 30. — A meeting was held this evening. 

The Rev. Frederick Denison of Westerly read a paper on the " History of the 
Townsliip of Westerly," supplemented with a paper upon "The Bivouac of Capt. 
John Mason." 

After remarks by President Arnold, the thanks of the society were, on motion of 
the Hon. Seth Padelford, voted to the Rev. Mr. Denison. 

February 13. — A meeting was held this evening at the usual time and place. 

The Hon. John Russell Bartlett read a valuable paper on " Arctic Geography,'* 
giving an account of the efforts made by navigators in search of a north-west pas- 
sage, and to reach the north jiole, from the earliest times to the present day. 

Vice-president Allen and President Arnold made some remarks upon the subject, 
and, on motion of the former, thanks were voted to Mr. Bartlett for his paper. 

The meeting was the largest held for some time. 

New London County Historical Society. 

New London, Monday, Noik 27. — The annual meeting was held in the common 
council chamber in this city at 11 o'clock, A.M., the president the Hon. La Fayette 
S. Foster in the chair. 

The ))resident mad(i a few appropriate and well-timed remarks relative to the death 
of the lion. Henry P. Haven of New London, and Jose})h (J!. Lamb of N\)rwich, both 
members of the advisory committee. Remarks were also made by the Rev Dr. 
Daggett, and suitable resolutions adopted. 

At twelve o'clock a recess was voted to hear the annunl address l)y the Rev 
Thomas L. Shipman, at the conference hou.'^e of the First Congregaticmal Cluireh 
The Hul)jeet of the address was " Rerniniscenees of Olden Times." Thanks wer« 
voted to the Rev. Mr. Shij)man for his interesting " Reininiseeuees." 

The following list ol ollieers lor the ensuing year was elected unanimously : 

President— The Hon. L. F. S. Foster, of Norwich. 

Virc-Prcsidfufs — The Ihjii. Charles eJ . MeCurdy, of r>yme ; Dr. Ashbel Wood- 
ward, oi' Franklin ; the Hon. F. B. Loomis, of New Loudon. 



1877.] Societies and their Proceedings. 229 

Advisory Committee— The Rev. Oliver E. Daggett, of New London ; the Rev. 
Hiram P. Arms, of Norwich; the Hon. William H. Potter, of Mystic River; 
William H. Starr, of New London ; the Hon. John T. Wait, of Norwich ; the Rev. 
Thomas L. Shipman, of Jewett City ; the Honorables Ralph W^heeler of New Lon- 
don, Richard A. Wheeler of Stonington, J. P. C. Mather of New London, David 
A. Wells of Norwich, George W. Goddard of New Loudon, John W. Stedman of 
Norwich; Messrs. John 0. Turner of Norwich, John W. Crary of Stonington, 
Henry I. Gallup of North Stonington, James Griswold of Lype, Ledyard Bill of 
Boston, Daniel Lee of Mew London. 

Secretary — Mr. William H. Starr, of New London. 

Treasurer — Mr. William H. Rowe, of New London. 

The Rev. Dr. Arms, one of the committee to whom, at the former meeting of the 
society, was referred the matter of determining the priority of the foundini^ of the 
first Congregational church at New London and that of Norwich, reported in part, 
but in the absence of the other two members of the committee the society deferred 
action until a future meeting. 

The Historical Society of Delaware. 

Wilmington, Dec. 1, 1876. — The annual meeting was held this evening at the 
rooms of the Society, the Rev. John Wilson, vice-president, presiding. The follow- 
ing officers for the ensuing year were elected, viz. : 

President — Hon. Daniel M. Bates. 

Vice-Presidents— Ron. John P. Comegys, Rev. John Wilson, Hon. T. F. Bayard. 

Recording Secretary — Joseph R. Walter. 

Corresponding Secretary — Dr. L. P. Bush. 

Librarian — Dr. R. P. Johnson. 

Treasurer — El wood Garrett. 

Historiographer — Hon. Leonard E. Wales. 

Directors — Rev. Fielder Israel, William D. Dowe, John H. Adams, Col. H. S. 
McComb, E. G. Bradford, Jr. 

After the transaction of the current business, Joseph R. Walter, from the com- 
mittee on revising the constitution, reported a draft which was considered and 
adopted, and the same committee was recxuested to prepare a code of by-laws. 

December 14. — The rooms of the Society were well filled this evening with a high- 
ly appreciative audience, to hear the literary exercises of the annual meeting. 

President Bates announced the following standing committees for the ensuing 
year: 

Library — Dr. R. P. Johnson, Elwood Garrett, Rev. W. J. Frost. 
Publications — Joseph R. Walter, Rev. F. Israel, W\ S. McCaulley. 
Biography — Hon. L. E. Wales, Rev. T. G. Littell, C. A. Rodney. 
Donations— \)v. L. P. Bush, J. P. Wales, Thomas S. Bellah. 
Finance — Elwood Garrett, S. A. MacalJister, Dr. A. H. Grimshaw. 

Chief Justice John P. Comegys read a valuable paper on the Early History of 
Delaware, for which the thanks of the Society were voted. 

Various donations were announced, after which the members and invited guests 
repaired to the Ladies' Bazaar, where they partook of the annual supper. 

The Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Friday, Nov. 24, 1876. — A meeting of the executive committee was held 
this evening, William Green in the chair. 

The subject of a motto for the seal of the society was discussed, and, several mot- 
toes were suggested ; but the subject was again referred to the sub-committee who 
have had the matter under consideration. 

Robert A. Brock, the corresponding secretary, read letters from Joseph Jackson 
Howard, LL.D., of London, Eng., the Rev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, D.D., of Balti- 
more, Md., and General James McDonald, secretary of the ComTuonwealth of 
Virginia. Gen. McDonald's letter enclosed one from Lucius E. Chittenden, of New 
York, who writes : *' I have a valuable almanac for the year 1762, which I think 
belonged to the Rev. William Douglas, an Episcopal clergyman, who settled in 
Goochland county. It is completely tilled with notes and memoranda of the most 
VOL. XXXI. 20* 



230 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

interesting character," &c. &c. Hopes were expressed that this might be obtained 
for the society. 

A large list of donations were reported from gentlemen in various parts of the 
union and in England. 

It was announced that Dr. Bagby had prepared a lecture written in his happiest 
vein, on " The Old Virginia Gentleman," which he proposes delivering in difierent 
cities of the state, the proceeds to be applied to aid the proposed subscription for the 
erection of a fire-proof building for this society. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Historiographer of the Society. 

The Hon. Samuel Hooper, a life-member and benefactor of this Society, and at his 
death a member of Congress from the fourth Congressional Dis^trictin Massachusetts, 
died at his residence in Washington, D. C, on Sunday morning, February 14, 1875, 
of pneumonia, aged 67 years 11 days. 

He was born in Marblehead, Mass., Feb. 3, 1808. His father, J ohn'^ Hooper, 
born Feb. 1776, died Dec. 14, 1854, was a descendant in the fourth generation from 
Henry^ //ooper of Marblehead, who m. March 11, 1691, Mary Norman, through 
'^atlianiei^ and Robert^ who m. Mary Ingalls {ante, xxii. 283). 

In the twofold aspect of merchant and legislator, Mr. Hooper leaves a conspicu- 
ous record among the prominent men of his time. As a merchant and financier his 
course has been eminently successful. His educational advantages in early life were 
not large, but he improved them. He spent four years in a counting-room in Boston, 
and then represented the interests of his father (John Hooper) in vo3^ages to Russia, 
Spain and the West Indies. In 1832, the year of his marriage, he took up his resi- 
dence in Boston, engaging in tlie China trade with the well-known firm of Bryant, 
Sturgis & Co., with whom he became junior partner. Ten years later he united 
with the house of William Appleton & Co., and upon the death of Mr. Appleton 
became the head of the firm, continuing its large and varied interests under the firm 
of S. Hooper & Co. As a director of the Merchants Bank, and as interested in the 
development of railroad enterprises, Mr. Hooper's name has also been prominent. 

In public life Mr. Hooper has been honored in the confidence of the people of 
Boston : First, in his election as a member of the State House of Representatives, in 
1851, and the two following years, when he declined a reelection. In 1858 he served 
a single term in the State Senate. His business engagements prevented his accept- 
ance of a renomination. Second, in his election in 1861 to fill a vacancy in one of 
the Boston districts caused by the resignation of the Hon. William Appleton, a 
member of the 37th Congress. He was sworn into office on Monday, Dec. 2, 1861, 
and by successive reelections continued in the House of Representatives till his 
death. He declined a reelection, so that his congressional Hie would have closed 
by his own choice on the 4th of March, 1875. For ten years Mr. Hooper was a use- 
ful and active member of the Committee on Ways and Means. 

In the organization of the committees of the 42d Congress, Mr. Hooper was made 
chairman of the Connnittee on Banking and Currency. As he had given much 
thought to public finance, he entered intelligently upon his duties, and was prominent 
in shaping a policy made necessary by the exigencies of the war of the rebellion, 
and in aiding the Secretary of the Treasury in his jjlans. 

At the commencement of tlie 43d Congress, Mr. Horace Maynard was ma'de chair- 
man of the Committee on Banking and Currency, and Mr. Hooper was made chair- 
man of the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures. VVith his accustomed 
fidelity he attended to the duties of his new position. His reputation was that of 
an efficient worker rather than a ready orator, although he was able to explain with 
clearness and precision his reasons for the measures he advocated or opposed. He 
was industrious and unostentatious. 

Socially Mr. Hooper was hoispjtable and genial. Nor were these traits confined 
to men of his own party ; for those holding diverse and conflicting views were wel- 
come to his liberal board. 

He married Anne, daughter of William Sturgis of Boston, June 14, 1833. His 
wife, two daughters and several grandchildren survive. 

He was admitted a member, Feb. 16, 1856. 



i 



1877.] Necrology of Historic^ Genealogical Society, 231 

The Hon. Albert Fearing, a life member, died at his residence in Hingham, 
Mass., May 24, 1875, aged 77 yrs. 2 mos. 12 ds. 

He was born in Hingham on the 12th of March, 1798, of highly respectable parent- 
age, being the son oi Hawks and Leah Fearing. His mother was a daughter of the 
late Enoch Lincoln. He was educated at tl:e public school of his native town. In 
his minority he removed to Worcester, Mass., and was in the employ of his uncle 
Abraham Lincoln, a noted apothecary in that town. On attaining his majority he 
returned to Hingham, and entered into business with his older brother David, under 
the firm of D. & A. Fearing. At about the age of thirty-five he came to Boston, 
and established himself as a ship chandler, under the style of Albert Fearing & Co., 
Mr. David Whiton being his partner. In 1850 the firm was changed to Fearing, 
Thatcher & Whiton, continuing under this style until 1857, when it became Fearing, 
Thatcher & Co. This co-partnership was dissolved Jan. 1, 1868, and Mr. Fearing 
retired. 

As a business man Mr. Fearing held a high position. Possessing superior business 
talents, his, mercantile operations were successful. As his means and business 
increased, he became identified with the Hingham Cordage Company, the Lawrence 
Duck Company, and tlie factory at Plymouth, gaining in the progress of 3'ears much 
wealth, and a iiigh rej)utation as an upright man and honorable merchant. 

As a politician Mr. Fearing was well known, and for many years gave his hearty 
support to such men and measures as met his approval. He was a Clay and Webster 
Whig. He M'as a member of the city and county committee in the celebrated and 
exciting Harrison campaign of 1840. He was one of the electors for President in 
1848, on the election ol Zachary Taylor. He was elected to the senate of Massachu- 
setts in 1841. He was president of the Boston Port and Seamen's Aid Society, presi- 
dent of the '' Cliildrcn's Mission," and also president of the " Home for xVged Men." 

In his native town his memory will be fragrant as one of the principal founders of 
the Hingham Agricultural and Horticultural Society. He gave JJ56,000 toward the 
building now occupied by that society, and contributed additional sums to defray its 
expenses. He was also the founder of the Hingham Public Lil)iaiy% having given 
more than $.iO,000 to the building fund, and for the purchase of books. 

Thus, in larger measure than is common with men of large means, he was his own 
almoner. He enjoyed the luxuiy of doing good, with a |)orti(m of that with which 
Cod had prospered him. And now that he has gone, we find he lias devised, and as 
it would seem most judiciously, an unknown, but probably large amount for the 
Children's Mission, and other religious and charitable purposes. 

JNlr. Fearing leaves no family. He married Miss Catherine Cushing Andrews, 
daughter of Mr. Thomas Andrews, who died Ix'fore him. 

He was admitted to resident membership, May 10, 1847. 

Charles Douglas Cleveland, M.D., of Boston, a resident member, was born at 
Royalton, Vt., Sept. 25, 1818 ; died in Boston, Nov. 20, 1875, aged 57. 

He was the son of Jedediah and Harriet B. (Randall) Cleveland. Part of his 
education was at Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. IL Subsequently he attended 
a course of medical lectures at Woodstock, Vt. He began his professional lite in 
Chester, Vt., where he coniinued five years. He then removed to Boston, May 16, 
1846, and in this larger sphere was a successful practitioner in medicine until his 
death. 

" Dr. Cleveland," writes a friend, " is mourned by all who knew him; for as a 
friend as well as a pliysician his place can never be filled in the hearts and homes 
M'here his kindly face was always sought for to soothe the sick and sufi'ering, and 
never in vain." 

He married Stella L. Dcming. of Chester, Vt., in Dec. 1843. They had: 1, 
Charles E., born in Chester, Vt., May 15, 1845, who died in Boston, Aug. 3, 1846 ; 
2, Frank D., born in Brandon, Vt., Feb. 3, 1854 ; 3, Lizzie T., also born in Brandon, 
Aug. 25, 1862. They, with their mother, are living. 

He was admitted to this society, A\n'i\ 20, 1858. 

Joshua Putnam Preston, of Boston, a resident member, was the son of Capt. 
Joshua and Mrs, Sarah xVugusta (Wyman) Preston, and was born June 20, 1808, in 
Boston, where he died Dec. 10, 1876, aged 68. His paternal grandfather was John 
Preston of Danvers. His maternal grandfather was Abijah* Wyman of Ashley, 
son of Abijah^ of Lancaster (No. 124 in Wyman genealogy, Register, iii. 37), who 
m. Abigail Smith, Aug. 8, 1744. 



232 Necrology oj Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

Mr. Preston has all his life been a citizen of Boston. He received his education 
at the Boston Latin School, and learned his business of the formerly well-known firm 
of Bartlett & Brewer. He turned his attention to the manufacture of chemicals, 
and soon l)ecame one of the best known chemists in New England. He was for 
many years the senior partner of the house of Preston & Merrill, retiring from it 
but a tew years since in consequence of impaired health. As a business man he 
sustained the character of a thoroughly conscientious and upright merchant and 
manufacturer. To his family he was a thoughtful and devoted husband and father, 
ever ready to sacrifice his own to others' comfort. He leaves an ample fortune, 
acquired by long application to legitimate business, not by speculation, in which he 
never indulged, and the better legacy of an unsullied reputation. 

Mr. Preston married Sarah, dau. of Samuel and Lucy (Davis) Somes of Glouces- 
ter, Mass., by whom he had: 1, Samuel Somes; 2, Horatio Wyman; 3, Joshua 
Clarence, 

His membership in this society dates from Aug. 27, 1864. 

John Wells Parker, of Boston, a life member, was the son of Samuel and Eusebia 
(Moore) Parker, and was born April 21, 1809, in Roxbury, Mass., where he died 
June 3, 1875, aged 66. 

He was a descendant in the 7th generation from SamueP- Parker of Dedham and 
wife Sarah Holman, through NathanieP- and wife Margaret Wiswell ; Noah^ and 
wife Sarah Cummings ; Thomas'^ and wife Eunice Hammond ; Joseph^ and wife 
Eunice Carver; and Samuel^ (his father), b. June 3, 1777, d. June 9, 1831. John 
Wells^ Parker was married to Caroline Augusta Durant, at Roxbury, July 20, 1854, 
by Rev. George Putnam, and had : 1, Frank Wells; 2, Abbie Durant ; 3, Jane Au- 
gusta; 4, Alice Moore. The two last named died in infancy. 

Mr. Parker had brothers: Benjamin F., born Nov. 21, 1810, died 1844; Joseph 
C, born Feb. 7, 1813. 

Mr. Parker received a good practical education at the schools in Roxbury, includ- 
ing the Latin School. He then entered the service of Mr. William Davis, who car- 
ried on a mercantile business in Boston. Li 1853 he was with Mr. Enoch Train as 
book-keeper, and remained with him until he gave up business. Subsequently he 
held an office as assistant in the city treasury department of Roxbury, which he 
retained until the annexation of Roxbury to Boston. He then took the place of 
assistant treasurer and secretary in the Roxbury Institution for Savings, which offices 
he held until five weeks before his death. 

Mr. Parker was one of the founders of the Prince Society, and its treasurer for 
five years, from its organization in 1858 to 1863. He was a member of the old 
Norfolk Guards and was clerk of the company under Captains Spooner and Gibbs. 
Of the Roxbury Athenaeum he was treasurer, and was also a devoted officer of the 
Roxbury Charitable Society. 

He was admitted a member of the society, Feb. 10, 1851. 

Jasper Hazen York, M.D., of Dover, N. H., a life member, was born in Lee, 
N. H., Feb. 27, 1816 ; died in Dover, N. H., April 7, 1874, aged 58 years 1 month 
10 days. 

He was the fifth child and third son of John and Rebecca Stevens (Durgin) York. 
About two years after his birth his father removed to Rochester, N. H. His early 
advantages for an education were limited to the district school for about three 
months in the year. Asa boy he manifested a taste for study, and, as he grew 
older, feeling he should not be content to spend his lil'e on a farm, he decided, if 
possible, to fit himself for the medical profession. A part of his preliminary studies 
were at Phillips Academy, Exeter. He studied mcdicnie with Dr. Calvin Cutter, in 
Dover, N. H. ; subsequently with Dr. John C. Warren, and at the Harvard Medical 
School, Boston. He was a graduate of that school, Aug. 23, 1843. In October, the 
(same year, he commenced the })ractico of medicine in South Boston. His success 
was soon asf'ured, and from that time his practice rapidly increased. He at once 
became distinguished as a surgeon, and was noted for nis clear insight and excellent 
judgment in diagnosis. 

In 1854 liis professional calls were so great, and his labors so exhausting, as to 
impair his general health. From the prostration he never fully recovered. In 1856 
he <'ave uphis i)ractice in South Boston, and returned to his old home in Rochester, 
N. 11. The two following years his health had so far imi)roved that he returned to 
Soutli Boston to resume his j)ractice, and to find that the rest of two years had not 
given him power to endure the exhaustive labor of his city work. His business 



1877.] Necrology of Historic^ Genealogical Society. 233 

increased, but his strength failed, so that in 1863 he again left Boston and went to 
Dover, N. H. 

In May, 1864, he entered the service of the United States as acting assistant sur- 
geon, U.S.A. He w^as stationed at Fairfax Seminar}'', and Judiciary Square 
hospitals, in all about six months. Upon leaving the service he returned to Boston, 
and then to Dover where he resided till his death. 

Dr. York was marked by a strong intellect, by fine literary and scientific tastes. 
He was a great reader and deep thinker. His influence was positive. He was a man 
of decided opinions, who had his enemies as well as friends. Of a warm-hearted, 
genial temperament, he was a favorite with his associates. He was a thorough 
anti-slavery man, and used his money and his influence for the relief of the down- 
trodden and oppressed. He manifested his interest in education by serving on the 
school committees in Boston and Dover, where his useful services were so marked as 
as to inspire confidence and earnestness among his associates. 

He married, July 5, 1860, Mary Elsie Watts, of South Boston, who, with a 
daughter born about 1868, survive him. 

He was admitted a member, March 2, 1857. 

Andrew Townsend Hall, Esq., a life member and benefactor, was born in Boston, 
on Hanover near Cross Street, Aug. 30, 1798. He died at his residence, 87 Beacon 
Street, Boston, Nov. 22, 1875, aged 77. 

Mr. Hall received his early education at the Eliot Grammar School. At his grad- 
uation he received, then among the first issued, the Franklin medal, which gives 
evidence of his youthful ability and industry, and which even in his later years he 
highly prized. He began his business life as clerk in ihe wholesale crockery store of 
Mr. Michael Mellen, on Merchants Row. At the age of twenty-two he began business 
in his own name. 

In February, 1846, he retired from the crockery trade, built several vessels, and 
purchased others, which were employed in the East India and South American busi- 
ness. Before the war of the rebellion a considerable number of his vessels were 
engaged in cotton transportation. For the last five years, having disposed of his 
shipping interests, he was occupied as a representative of the different compa- 
nies with which he was connected. In 1831 Mr. Hall was chosen a director in the 
Tremont, now Tremont National Bank, and, in 1844, its president, which ofl&ce he 
held until death. For forty years past he has very acceptably filled the ofiice of trea- 
surer of the New England Glass Company. He has been president of two manufac- 
turing companies, and a director in other manufacturing and insurance companies. 
He was also an active and strong friend of the Sailors' Snug Harbor, in which cor- 
poration he held the office of director. 

Mr. Hall's success in the variety of business engagements through his long life, 
humanly speaking, is due, if we rightly apprehend his characteristics, to his un- 
tiring industry, his methodical arrangement of time, his remarkable punctuality, 
his good judgment in planning, his energy in executing his engagements, and his 
courteous and upright dealings with all men. 

Mr. Hall leaves a widow, and one child, the wife of the late Mr. Monroe, of the 
firm of John Munroe & Co., bankers, Paris, France. 

He was admitted a member, Dec. 30, 1871. 

The Hon. Benjamin Pomeroy, a corresponding member, admitted March 5, 1859, 
was born Nov. 2, 1818, in North Stonington, Conn. He was a descendant in the 
seventh generation from Eltwood or Eltweed} Pomeroy (the first of the family in 
New Enghind, who landed at Dorchester, Mass., in 1630, but soon after removed to 
Windsor, Conn., and in 1673 died in Northampton, Mass.), through Mcdad,^ Jo- 
seph,^ Benjamin,'^ Eliliu,^ and Benjamin^ his father. His educational advantages 
were good, and his father, himself a prominent lawyer in New London county, in- 
tending him for the bar, fitted him for college ; but his inclinations at that time 
were opposed to the profession, though in after life he often expressed his regret 
that his father had not insisted on this course. So strong, however, was his desire 
for a mercantile life, that, at the age of sixteen, a clerkship was obtained for him 
with Amos Sheffield of Saybrook, Conn. Soon after coming of age, he became a 
clerk in the wholesale dry-goods house of Browning & Co., New York. In 1843 he 
went into that business with Benjamin F. Browning, under the firm of Browning & 
Pomeroy. This partnership was dissolved in 1848. In June of the same year he 
married Mary Josephine Bulkley, dau. of Capt. Andrew and Mrs. Sarah (JDimon) 



234 Necrolocjy of Historic^ Genealogical Society. [April, 

Bulkeleyof Southport, Ct. (see Chapman's Bnlkeley Genealogy, pp. 209 and 234), and 
took up his residence in that place. In 1852 he became a junior partner in the firm 
of Tliaddeus Davids & Co., manufacturers of ink, sealing-wax, wafers and mucilage, 
in which he made many successful experiments and improvements. On the breaking 
out of the late war he took an active part in politics, and in 1863 was elected by the 
republicans a representative, and in 1865 a state senator. His health failing him 
about this time, he was obliged to give up business, and tried various remedies 
without benefit. In October, 1866, he sailed, accompanied by a physician, for the 
Island of St. Croix, West Indies. Here he died on the 28th of December, aged 48. 
He was a man of strict integrity, of decided views on all subjects with which he 
was acquainted, yet polite and persuasive in communicating them to others.^ His 
public spirit and generosity are well attested by many public improvements in his 
own town. He was greatly interested in genealogical and historical researches. 
He left a widow and three children, namely : Benjamin, the writer of the sketch of 
which this is an abstract; Josephine Bulkley, who died Oct. 10, 1868; and Mary 
Frances. 

Daniel Franklin Child, Esq. , of Boston, life member, was born at West Roxbury, 
then Newton, May 10, 1803 ; died at Boston, Oct. 18, 1876, aged 73 yrs. 5 mos. 8 ds. 

He was the son of Daniel, b. Feb. 19, 1754, at Brookline, Mass., and Rebecca 
(Richards) Child, b. Dec. 18, 1760, at West Roxbury. He married, Nov. 14, 1839, 
Mary Davis Guild, of Roxbury, who was born Dec. 23, 1807, and died Jan. 25, 1861. 
She was the daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Mears) Guild of Roxbury. In the loss 
of his wife, he was in some measure compensated, in the kind attentions or his 
children, two daughters and three sons, who were a source of common happiness in 
his later years. The eldest, Mary Louisa Everett, born May 27, 1841 ; m. Francis 
Bush. 2, Franklin David, b. Nov. 24, 1842, is Superintendent of the Hmkley 
Works. 3, George Frederick, b. Aug. 9, 1844 ; m. Alice Hunnewell of Brookline, 
Nov. 23, 1875. 4, Samuel Guild, b. July 21, 1849. 5, Sophia, b. June 3, 1853 ; m. 
Charles Harback, of New York, June 7, 1876. 

Mr. Child was favored with a common Boston school education.^ His immediate 
surroundings made him familiar with trade and business transactions, in which he 
was generally successful, enabling him to deal liberally, satisfactorily, and even 
generously in all cases. He was reticent with regard to the pecuniary aiiaii^ of 
others as well as his own ; but, when required, gave a frank and candid reply which 
could always be relied on. Ever willing to reward to the uttermost, he would sooner 
go over the mark than be charged with injustice. Tenacious of his opinion, and 
firm in his protest against public wrong, he was, in his private relations, tlie most 
genial of men. Thus an even and tranquil life was his lot, and the regard of his 
fellow-men his reward. 

Mr. Child was treasurer of the " Boston Locomotive Works," and for forty-two 
years a member of that and the several corporations which succeeded it, namely, the 
" Hinkleyand Williams Locomotive Works," and the present " Hinkley Locomotive 
Works." He had naturally a mechanical mind, which inclined him to this employ- 
ment. In these and in other trusts committed to him it is presumed he gave entire 
satisfaction, in view of his characteristic integrity and intelligence in pecuniary 
matters. 

He was admitted a member, April 9, 1870. 

Abel Ball, M.D., resident member, of Boston, was born at Northboro', Mass., 
Dec. 4, 1810. He died at Philadelphia, Nov. 3, 1876, aged 65. 

He was a descendant in the 8th generation from John^ Ball (said to be from Wilt- 
shire, Eng.), who with two sons settled in Watertown, Mass., wdiere he d. in 1655 ; 
through John,^ of W. ; Jo/in,^ of Watertown and Concord, b. 1644, m. Sarali Bal- 
lard ; Jamcs,^ of Watertown and Northboro', b. 1670, m. Elizabeth Fiske ; Jamcs,^ 
of N., b. 1695 ; Stephen,^ of N., b. 1735, m. Mary Fairbanks; and Dr. Stephen,'^ of 
N. (his father), b. 1767, m. Lydia Lincoln, of llingham. 

Dr. Ball studied medicine with his father in Northboro', Mass. lie received the 
degree of M.l). from Bowdoin College in 1837, since which he has been in the 
pnKJticc of dentistry. He married Elizabeth R. Child. 

The death of Dr. Ball was very sudden. He was on a visit to Philadelphia, and 
had attended the Centennial Exhibition during the day, and on his return to the 
Globe Hotel, he fell dead in the wash room in' the act of putting his hand to the 
water faucet. The cause of his death was disease of the heart. 



1876,] Necrology of Historic^ Genealogical Society, 235 

His relative and friend, Mr. Isaac Child, says of him ; " His reputation for skill 
in his profession was very high. He was truly a man whom to know was to love. 
He had a heart as tender as a child's, and his sympathies were ever ready to flow 
out to every one who needed them. His amiable and affectionate nature bound his 
friends to him in the strongest ties, and deep and universal will be the mourning for 
his sudden and unexpected departure." 

He was admitted a member, Nov. 4, 1865. 

Hon. James Gregory, of Marblehead, Mass., a resident member, was born in 
Marblehead, Oct. 27, 1796, and died in that town, with whose history and interests 
all his life had been connected, Oct. 7, 1874, aged 77 yrs. 11 mos. 10 ds. He was of 
English descent, his ancestors settling in Beverly, Mass. ; his mother was the 
daughter of Thomas and Mary (Ellis) Hooper. 

Mr. Gregory married: 1, in June, 1824, Mrs. Gregory (widow of his brother 
Joseph), who died in 1851. 2, in July, 1859, Mrs. Mary Brown, of Salem, widow of 
Capt. Robert Brown. By his first wife he had nine children, seven of whom survive 
him. 

In briefly tracing the successful and useful life of Mr. Gregory, we find that in 
his youth he supplemented the common school education of that day by special 
efforts for self-culture. To this end, while serving an old fashioned apprenticeship 
at the boot and shoe trade, he connected himself with various literary societies, 
including the Columbian Society of Marblehead, and the Charitable Mechanic 
Association of Salem. 

In his early manhood lie was one of the pioneers of the shoe business in his native 
town, and such was the scrupulous honesty, the characteristic energy, and exceed- 
ing care with which he conducted the business, that those able to judge considered 
it the pecuniary misfortune of his life that he withdrew from it prior to the prosper- 
ous times that came with later days. During these years, he was a member of the 
Board of Selectmen, and held various offices of trust in town afiairs. For two terms 
he was Collector of the Customs for Marblehead and Lynn. Subsequently he repre- 
sented Marblehead in the House of Representatives, and afterwards, Essex County 
in the Senate of Massachusetts. For forty years he held a commission as Notary 
Public, and Justice of the Peace, during a portion of the time as a trial Justice ; his 
impartiality and integrity, tempered with kindness, being distinguished characteris- 
tics. During these years he also acted as agent for claims, his business being 
largely extended, and involving a vast amount of correspondence. To this may be 
added a large proportion of the Probate business of the town, the drawing of deeds, 
and of wills. 

His intercourse with his fellow citizens was characterized by probity above sus- 
picion, great industry, a remarkable intellectual activity and rare conversational 
powers. They knew him as one who, to his pecuniary loss, strove with men as the 
patient peacemaker, whom the Saviour of men pronounced " blessed." They knew 
him as the tender friend of the many poor widows and fatherless ones in their 
afflictions. 

In his family and social relations, he was a most tender and affectionate husband, 
father, and friend, attending to the minutest wants of each and all. 

Surrounded by a sorrowing family, as the end of life's labors drew nigh ; slowly 
and painlessly and fearlessly he passed into and through the dark valley, declaring 
his trust in the atoning blood of Jesus as his Saviour — thus entering into Rest. 

Admitted to membership, Jan. 9, 1860. 

William Elkanah Doggett, Esq., of Chicago, 111., a corresponding member, was 
born in Assonet Village, Freetown, Mass., Nov. 20, 1820 ; died at Palatka, Florida, 
April 3, 1876, aged 55 yrs. 4 mos. 6 ds. 

In the paternal line he was a descendant in the eighth generation from — 1, Thomas^ 
Doggett, of Marshfield, who married, Aug, 17, 1654, the widow of John Chilling- 
worth ; through John," Thomas,^ Thomas,'^ Simeon,^ Thomas,^ Elkanah,'' his father. 
On the maternal side he was a descendant, in the eighth generation, from Dr. 
Samuel^ Fuller, of the Ship May Flower ; whose son, the^Rev. Samuel," was the first 
minister of Middleboro', whose granddaughter, Joanna"^ Fuller, was married to 
Thomas Doggett, Dec. 11, 1728. - 

Mr. Doggett was the junior member of tlie firm of Ward & Doggett, Chicago, in 
1846. The firm was changed in 1852 to Ward, Doggett & Co., on the admission of 
H. D. Bassett, and so remained till 1857, when, by the death of Mr. Ward, D. H. 



236 Boole Notices, [April, 

Hills became a member of the house, under the style of Doggett, Bassett & Hill. 
Thus for thirty years he had been prominent in the shoe and leather business of 
Chicago. 
His membership in this society dates from April 29, 1865. 

Joshua Perkins Converse, Esq., of Woburn, Mass., a resident member, was 
born in Woburn, Dec. 16, 1814, and died there, March 16, 1876, aged 61 yrs. 3 mos. 

He was a descendant, in the fourth generation, from Josiah^ and Sarah Evans 
Converse, through Josiah^ and Hepzibah Brooks ; Joshua,^ his father, who m. Phebe 
Perkins, November, 1806, at Woburn. 

Mr. Converse had been a life-long resident of the town of Woburn, and died 
suddenly of epilepsy — a disease to which he had been subject in youth, and which 
had returned to trouble him, a few years prior to his death. He was a graduate at 
Brown University in 1844, and was a member of both the Middlesex and Suffolk bars. 
He was of the firm of Messrs. Converse & Kelley, counsellors-at-law in the city of 
Boston. He filled many positions of trust and honor in Woburn, and was one of 
the most respected citizens of the town. His father died a few years since, at the 
great age of 101 years. 

He was admitted to membership, Feb. 21, 1859. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Volumes H. and HI. — Fifth 
Series. [Being Vols. I. and II. of the Belknap Papers.] Published at the charge 
of the Appleton Fund. Boston : Published by the Society, m.dccc.lxxvii. 
[8vo. pp. XX. and 500, viii. and 461.] 

Letters and Documents relating to Slavery in Massachusetts. Edited, with a Preface 
and Notes, by Charles Deane, Reprinted from the Collections of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. Cambridge: Press of John Wilson & Son. 1877. [8vo. 
pp. ii. and 375-442. Twenty-five copies printed.] 

English literature is peculiarly rich in the published correspondence of scholars 
and cultured men and women. Unlike formal treatises on such subjects as law, 
science, history and art, it is governed by no rigid rules of style or construction. It 
is snfiicient in this respect if the ordinary code that regulates the intercourse of well- 
bred and friendly people be observed. This kind of writing is but another mode of 
conversation ; and those elements that often best serve to interpret spoken language 
and impart to it its distinctive charm, — the varying tones and inflections of the 
voice, the play of features, and all that goes to make up the individual manner, — 
naturally find their corresponding expression in the free exchange of written 
thoughts, and feelings between persons of kindred tastes and pursuits. When we 
come to read such communications, if we know enough of the writers' character 
and surroundings, and enough of the history of their times, we are able to place our- 
selves in close relations to them, and to enter into their spirit. 

If this kind of literary intercourse is not already in the catalogue of " lost arts," 
there is reason to fear that it is being iapidJy superseded by other arts. The 
newspaper, the review, and other issues of the periodical press, cheap postal facili- 
ties and the telegraph, have wrought vast changes in the character and extent of 
such private correspondence. It is not reasonable to suppose that these causes will 
cease to operate in this respect. In proportion, therefore, as we realize this fact, we 
shall the more fully appreciate the treasures we now have and the little that may 
be in store for us. 

To this class of writings belongs the chief part of these two volumes of letters, 
being the correspondence between the Rev. Jeremy Belknap, D.D., tlie " Historian 
0^' New Hampshire " and principal founder of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
and Ebenezer Hazard, Esq., whose " Historical Collections," in two volumes, bear- 
ing his name, are familiarly known and in constant use. 

The first letter of the series bears date 29 January, 1779, and it is supposed that 
their acquaintance began about this time, when })robably Mr. Hazard was on a 
visit to New England in his official capacity as surveyor of post-roads and offices. 
He was already engaged in making his collection of original papers illustrative 



1877.] Booh mUces. 237 

of the early history of the colonies?, and Dr. Belknap was known to be preparing 
his History. Tliey were both in search of the same scattered and precious material. 
This was the magnet that drew them to:rether, and their ac(iuaintancc soon ripen- 
ed into relations of friendship and confidence. 

When Dr. Belknap entered npon the chief literary labor of his life, there was not 
in all the colonies what we should now rc<:^ard as'a good working library. It is not 
known that there was a single historical society in the land ; the colonial archives were 
in a chaotic state ; many of the most important documents and manuscripts were 
licld in dispersed and, to a great extent, in unknown private hands. He was then 
settled in Dover, N. H., and with his family living upon a small salary. The people 
were absorbed in, and distressed by the war. All means of communication were 
slow, uncertain and costly. Books were a forl)idden luxury to a country clergy- 
man thus situatel, and to employ paid copyists was quite out of the question. 
In view of these facts we may in some degree estimate the appalling difficulties Dr. 
Belknap encountered in tiie prosecution ot his literary labors. That he accomplished 
so much as he did, will forever be a cause of marvel. 

These difficulties, the anxieties and perplexities incident to his labor, and the 
steps of his ])rogres8 to the end are revealed in these letters. His correspon- 
dent had ampler means, and was enterprising, ubiquitous, and inquisitive. The 
latter was a very different man from tlie Historian in both natural and acquired 
abilities, but he was a man of affairs. It is obvious, therefore, that his friendship 
and cooperation could not fail of being helpful ; and these letters prove such to have 
been the fact. 

The whole correspondence is entertaining and valuable. Did space permit, we 
should be glad to particularize some features of it, and call attention specially to 
such parts as seem to us to throw new light on not a few interesting subjects. These^ 
however, the reader will doubtless see for himself. 

Appended to this correspondence are more than fifty pages of letters and documents- 
whicli chiefly relate to slavery in jNIassachusetis. In 1795, wiien the question of 
emancipation was enga^^ing the attention of the people of Virginia, Judge St. George- 
Tucker of that state addressed a series of relevant inquiries to Dr. Belknap. The 
latter opened a correspondence with several of the most eminent and best informed 
citizens of Mnssachusetts, soliciting information and oi)inions to be used by him ia 
his reply. Most of the answers to these letters have been preserved, and are here 
printed for the first time. They are important in several respects. A few copies of 
these letters and documents relating to slavery have been issued in a separate form. 

Tiiese volumes are handsomely brought out, under the editorial supervision of a 
committee of which Dr. Charles Deaue is chairman. He has furnished appropriate 
introductory remarks and foot-notes. 

It only remains to congratulate the Massachusetts Historical Society on its having 
acquired these Papers. This final disposition of tliem could not but be agreeable to 
Dr. Belknap and to Mr. Hazard were they still living. A. H. Hoyt. 

Talcott Pedigree in England and America, from 1558 to 1876. Compiled by S. V. 
Talcott. Albany : Weed, Parsons & Company. 1876. [8vo. pp. 316. Index.] 

A Genealogical Record of the Corliss Family of America; including Partial Records 
of some of the Families connected by Intermarriage; ctmong ivhich are those of 
Ncff, Hutchins, Ladd, Eastman, Roby, Ayer, Kingsbury, Merrick, Haynes, Messer^ 
George, Hastings, Bailey, Davis, Dustin, Pattee, Hinds, <Sj-c. Also, Notes on the 
Corlies Family. First Edition. Compiled from Public and Private Records by 
Augustus W. Corliss, assisted by Mrs. Betsey Ayer and Mrs. Margaret H. 
Webster of Haverhill, Mass. Yarmouth, Maine : 1875. [8vo. pp. 337. Index.] 

A Genealogy of Samuel Allen of Windsor, Connecticut, and some of his Descendants. 

By W^iLLARD S. Allen Boston : Privately Printed. 1876. [8vo. pp. 

76. Index. Price, $2.] 

Jones Records. Nathaniel and Rachel {Bradford) Jones, Ipswich, Mass., and some 
of their Descendants. A Help to Family History. [18mo. pp. 7.] 

The first named book contains the result of more than forty years research, and, 
what is more, of successful research ; for the author not only has been able to give 
a very full list of the American Talcotts, but to connect them with the English family 
of the name, and to trace them for several generations in that country. A branch 
of the Warwickshire family of Talcot settled in Colchester, in Essex, as early as 
1558, from which was descended John Talcot, who emigrated to New England la 

VOL. XXXI. 21 

/ 



^3S Booh Kotices. [April, 

ir)3'2. From him all of the name in this country are supposed to be descended. 
He was one of the Rev. Mr. Hooker's company, which settled first at Cambridge, 
and afterwards removed with liim to Hartford. 

The portion of this book devoted to the Talcots in England contains the wills of 
several of the ancestors of tlio emigrant. The work is clearly arranged, and besides 
being enil)ellished with portraits and other engravings has many folding tabular 
pedigrees interspersed, thus enabling one to see at a glance the relationship of the 
different individuals to each other. The typographical execution is excellent. 

A verj' limited edition, only sixty-two copies, of the Corliss genealogy, the second 
book whose title appears above, has l>een printed, to preserve from the chance of 
loss the genealogical material which Capt. Aui^ustus W. Corliss, U.S.A., the 
author, and others have been many years collecting. In 1821, Ephraim Corliss 
(b. 1782, d. 1858) of Haverhill, Mass., having many family papers and a taste for 

fenealogy, began a record of this family, which after his death was continued by 
Irs. Betsey (Corliss) Ayer of the same place. In 1868, Capt. Corliss, who knew 
nothing of what had been done in this line, commenced his researches, and has con- 
tinued them under unusual difficulties, chiefly from the change of station by the 
regiment to which he belongs. " Began in Georgia, the work," he states, " has been 
carried on in North and South Carolina, Dakota, Montana and Nebraska, and was 
completed in far-off Arizona. Many of the pages were prepared after long marches 
in the wonderful Yellowstone country, during the Yellowstone Expeditions of 1872-3, 
or at the Spotted Tail Indian Agency on White Earth River, Dakota, in 1874." 
The press-work of the volume was performed on a small hand-press at Camp Mc- 
Dowell, Arizona. 

The author deserves great credit for his performance, which would do credit if 
executed under more favorable circumstances. He wishes new material and correc- 
tions of this volume addressed to him at Yarmouth, Cumberland County, Maine; 
as it is his intention to prepare a second edition. In case no other edition appears, 
his note-books, memoranda, «&;c., are to be deposited with the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society. 

The early generations of the Allen genealogy, appeared in the Register for Octo- 
ber last. Mr. Allen has added the later generations, thereby greatly extending the 
work, and besides an index, has added an appendix of wills and other documents, 
with some genealogical matter relative to the Cleveland family. He has made an 
attractive book. 

The Jones Records are by the Rev. Augustine Caldwell of Ipswich, the author of 
the Caldwell genealogy, noticed in the Register for July, 1874 («n^c, xxviii. 356). 
This pamphlet is probably a reprint of a newspaper article, and the title describes 
its contents. J. VV. Dean. 

The True Blue- Laws of Connecticut and ISew Haven ^ and the False Blue- Laws 
of, invented In/ the Rev. Samuel Peters, to which are added Specimens of the Laws 
and Judicial Proceedings of other Colonies and some Blue-Laws of England in 
the Reign of James 1. Edited by J. Hammond Trumbull. Hartford, Conn. : 
American Publishing Company. 1876. [12mo. pp. 360.] 

In A.D. 1781, the Rev. Samuel Peters, a native of Connecticut, and at that 
time a political refugee from his enraged countrymen, found a printer in Lon- 
don for his " General History of Connecticut," in which he forged his so-called 
" Blue-Laws" of the New Haven Colony. He could not successfully contend against 
a mob, or a whole community hostile or violently patriotic, but he could write and 
print a libel. This he did to some purpose and effect; for, from that day to the 
present, Peters's false and burlesque history of his native State has held its own 
against exposures and refutations repeatedly made on the highest authority and in 
the most public manner. Grave and stately historians, poets, rhymsters and 
pamphleteers, orators " on the stump" and orators of the lyceum, lawyers before 
juries, and retailers of old and new jokes in Europe and in America, have persisted 
in giving renewed life to the malicious falsehoods and silly caricatures published by 
the revengeful, exasperated and mendacious Peters. And so we fear it will continue 
to the end oi Time ; for it seems to be a law of human nature to inherit nnd i)er- 
pctuate historical Error, which is one of the persistent Forces of the sj)iritual world. 

But if this old and senseless slander of the New Haven Colony and her ancient 
laws shall continue to liv(^ it will not be the fault of the loyal children of Connec- 
ticut. The Kingsleys, father and son, have ably and thoroughly exposed the utter 



1877.] Booh Notices, 239 

falsity of Peters's History. Now Dr. Trumbull puts his refutation into a shape that 
is likely to have greater publicity. He has printed the laws of the Connecticut and 
New Haven Colonies as they actually were, side by side with Peters's false " blue- 
laws," so that all may see the striking contrast. He has done more : he has 
*' carried the war into Africa," by showing the character of the contemporary laws 
of other American colonies and of England ; from which exhibit it may be seen that 
at that period the people of Connecticut were nowise less intelligent, less liberal 
or less humane th?.n their contemporaries in Europe or America. Certainly no 
American who makes or shall make even the slightest pretence to candor and intel- 
ligence or to a decent respect for the opinion of well informed people, can afford to 
defame himself by repeating " Sam Peters." 

We should add that the editor of this volume has also furnished an Introduction, 
which ol itself is ?», valuable as well as interesting bibliographical and historical ac- 
count of the subject. a. h. h. 

Reminiscences of a Long Ministry. A Sermon preached before the '* Conference of 

Congregational Churches in Northern New London County, and the Vicinity.'''' 

By Kev. T. L. Shipman, an ex-Pastor of the Congregational Church in Jewett 

City, June 28, 1876. Norwich : Bulletin Company Print. 1876. [8vo. pp. 27.] 

Not the least interesting and useful discourses are such sermons as this by the 

venerable and honored Mr. Shipman. They often contain information that would 

otherwise fail to be preserved, and v/hich serve as material for future biographical 

and historical compilations. We cannot have too many of them, and we feel deeplj' 

grateful to every aged clergyman who commits to paper and to type the remiuis- 

oences of his sacred calling. a. h. h. 

The Founders of Maryland as portrayed in Manuscripts, Provincial Records and 
Early Documents. By Hev. Edward D. Neill, A.B., author of " English Colo- 
nizatian in America," " Virginia Company of London," " Terra Marias," " Fair- 
faxes of England and America," '* History of Minnesota," etc. " Ncc falsa di- 
cere, nee vera reticere." Albany: Joel Munsell. 1876. [Svo. pp. 194.] 
We have had repeated occasions to notice Mr. Neill 's contributions to our early 
colonial history ; and the readers of the Register have had frequent opportunities of 
becoming acquainted with the fruits of his industrious and sharp-sighted research. 
He has devoted special attention to the early history of Maryland and Virginia, as 
will be observed by a glance at the list of his publications. The principal merit of 
fchese works is that they are mainly occupied with original documents or records. 
This kind of historical matter is generally of the highest value. Well authenticated 
and accurately transcribed original papers, drawn from foreign or domestic deposi- 
tories, illustrative of our early history, and printed as they were written, have a 
value far beyond any abstract or paraphrase of their contents. They speak for 
themselves; and their statements, unless impeached by proofs of equal authenticity 
and greater authority, must be and are held to be conclusive. It is evidently upon 
this principle that the author has prepared this book, — the object of which, he says 
in his Preface, " is to state fiicts which had become obscured or forgotten, concern- 
ing the first European settlers on the shores of the Potomac River and Chesapeake 
Bay ;"**='* facts gleaned from the Provincial Records at the capitol of Maryland, 
and other documents of the provincial period." 

The titles of the contents are as follows : Henry Fleet, early Indian trader ; 
Fleet's Journal of a Voyage in the ship Warwick ; William Clayborne of Fleet Is- 
land ; Embarkation of Lord Baltimore's Colony ; Leonard Calvert, first Governor ; 
Thomas Cornwallis and Jerome Hawley, Commissioners ; Early Religious History ; 
Condition of Religion during the Ascendancy of Parliament ; Religious Parties from 
the Accession of Charles II. to A.D. 1700. 

The volume is furnished with an index. a. h. h. 

7Ae First Half Century of Dartmouth College : being Historical Collections and Per- 
sonal Reminiscences. By Nathan Crosby, of the Class of 1820. Read before the 
Alumni at the Commencement in 1875. Published by request and order of the 
Alumni. Hanover : J. B. Parker. 1876. [8vo. pp. 56.] 

This is a discourse, for which not alone the alumni of Dartmouth College, but 
every native of New Hampshire has reason to thank Judge Crosby. It contains 
mucti that has never before been printed, and which, but for the special occasion 
that called it out, might never have reached the public eye. A full history of the 
College is a desideratum, and the author of this discourse is eminently qualified to 
write it. a. h. n. 



240 Booh Notices, [April, 

Extracts from the Diary of Christopher Marshall, kept in Philadelphia during the 

American Revolution, 111 \-\ld>\. Edited by William Duane Albany: 

Joel Munsell. 1877. [l2mo. pp. 330. Index. Price, $2. For sule by A. 
Williiinis & Co., Boston.] 

In 1839, Mr. Duane published the earlier portion of these extracts, under the title 
of " Pabsages from the Remembrancer of Christopher Marshall." Further extracts 
were printed by him in 1849. He has now given us the whole of Mr. Marshall's 
diary or " Kemembrancer," as he called it, except such entries as relate to private 
afiairs, the state of the weather and other matters which, in the editor's opinion, 
would not interest the public. 

Mr. Marshall was an ardent patriot and an associate of the prominent whigs, 
whose confidence he had. Kesiding at Philadelphia, where the Continental Congress 
was held, he has been able to preserve many important historical facts, especially 
concerning the early days of the revolution, which are no where else to be found. 
The editor's annotations are judicious and valuable. j. w. d. 

The Congregational and Presbyterian Ministry and Churches of New Hampshire. 
Fart 1. Towns, Churches and Pastors. Part 11. Alphabetical Catalogue of 
Ministers. By Henry A. Hazen. (Reprinted from the '' Congregational 
Quarterly," Oct. 1875 and April 1876.) Boston : Alfred Mudge&Son, Printers. 
1875. [8vo. pp. 73.] 

The Rev. Mr. Hazen is one of the most thorough and accurate of our historical 
and biographical investigators, and he has here produced a book that will save many 
persons many days of vexatious research. The M'ork, he states, " has grown out of 
inquiries into which the writer was kd while serving the General Association as 
Statistical Secretary." No one who has not had experience, can form an idea of the 
immense amount of labor and time that are required to collect and verify so many 
dates and names as this book contains. j. av. d. 

Notes on the Settlement and Indian Wars of the Western Parts of Virginia and 
Pennsylvania, from 17C3 to 1783 inclusive. Together with a View of the State 
of Society and Manners of the First Settlers of the Weston Country. By Joseph 
Doddridge. With a Memoir of the Author, by his Daughter. Edited by 
Alfred Williams. Albany, N.Y.: Joel Munsell. 1876. [12mo. pp. 331. Index.] 

The first edition of this book was published at Wellesburgh, Va., in 1824 ; and hav- 
ing become rare has been much sought for by collectors. Field, in his '" Indian 
Bibliography," says of it : "Doddridge's work was drawn from original sources, 
mostly from personal observation, or Irom the actors in the Border Wars he depicts. 
No one except Withers [Chronicles of Border Warfare] has approached him in fidel- 
ity or exactness, and both have the best attestation to the value of their works in 
the frequent reproduction of them in Collections and Narratives of Border Warfare, 
without acknowledgment of the sources from which all that is valuable has been 
taken." 

Miss Narcissa Doddridge, a daughter of the author, contemplated publishing a 
new edition of this book, and had prepared the very full life of her father, wliich is 
here piinted. The work having been interrupted by her death, ^Mr. Williams of 
Circleville, Ohio, undertook, by request of her family, the task of editing the new 
edition. Besides the life and a brief preface, he has added an appendix, consisting 
of sketches by Miss Doddridge, illustrating the pioneer history of the west ; two 
poetical pieces by the author ; and reminiscences of him by Judge Thomas Scott 
of Chillicothe, 0. 

Mr. Munsell has done a good service to historical students by reproducing the 
Rev. Dr. Doddridge's book in so satisfactory a form. j. w. d. 

Historical Sketch of Ship Building on the Merrimac River. By John J. Currier. 

Newburyport: William 11. Iluse & Co., Printers, Herald Office. 1877. [8vo. 

pp. 80.] 

The art of ship building is nearly as old as tlie human race. It originated among 
the earliest maritin^e natiims of anti(piity, and will'ex))irc only with civilization itself. 
This ancient and useful art was one of the first ])raetised in the New World, wiierc 
water carriage, for a long ))eriod, i)re('cdcd huul carriage. The necessity of constant 
communication between difVerent parts of the great American continent and Europe, 
made the merchant marine an extensive interest in the period of colonization. 



1877. Booh JSTotices, 241 

Some years before the name New England was heard of, a ship was built of 
native timber in the Kennebec river by English colonists, and afterwards em- 
ployed to waft European emigrants to American shores. New England then, and 
long after, supplied abundance of the best materials for ships of all kinds. Its rivers 
and harbors were favorably situated for this kind of industry. It is said that many 
of the ship-yards of to-day were scenes of activity more than two centuries ago. 
Certain it is that ship building lias been carried on in many of our rivers without 
interruption from the first settlement of the country. 

Among the great rivers of New England which have gained celebrity from long 
practice of this art in their waters, is the Merrimac. Eight and nine genera- 
tions have been employed in building ships in this river ; and the art is still practised 
there. The sails of ships built in Newburyport still whiten on every sea and watery 
circuit of the globe. 

This historical sketch of ship building on the Merrimac river may be regarded as 
the first attempt to present a full historical and statistical account of ship building 
in any river in New England, if not in America. Thirty years ago the Rev. Mr. 
Baker of Medford published his discourse on ship building at that place, and added 
a list of vessels built there in this century. Rear- Admiral Preble's sketches, in the 
Register, relate mainly to naval vessels built in New England waters. This em- 
braces the merchant marine, and is confined to the region of the tide-waters of the 
Merrimac river. It covers the entire period of the settlements on that river, running 
over nearly two hundred and fifty years. The author has ransacked all the public 
records, early and late, and has brought together a vast amount of useful and in- 
teresting information on this subject. It is apparent that but little more is to be 
gleaned in this field of inriuiry. The narrative is plain and clear, and presents a full 
history of ship building. That it must have cost the author much labor, all know 
who have had any experience in writing accurate historj^ from original materials to 
be culled from manuscript records. 

Mr. Currier brought to this undertaking peculiar fitness. His ancestors, for 
mauN^ generations, have carried on ship building in the Merrimac river. He is con- 
cerned in ship building with his father, Mr. John Currier, wiio has already built 
nearly one hundred vessels in Newburyport. C. VV . Tuttle. 

Fatter'' s American Monthly, an Illustrated Magazine of History, Literature, Science 

and Art April, 1877 John E. Potter & Co., Philadelphia. [Sm. 

4to. pp. 80 ; price, $3 a year, or 25 cents a number.] 

This issue, which is the fourth number of the eighth volume, and the sixty-fourth 
number since the periodical was commenced, fully sustains the reputation of the 
Monthly. It contains much interesting matter concerning American history and 
biography, besides other valuable historical and literary matter. Among the arti- 
cles Avhich will interest our readers are a history and description, by the Rev. Wil- 
liam Hall, of the " Old Coeyman House," with a view of it ; a biographical sketch, 
by William L. Stone, of Maj. John Rose, said to be the only Russian who served in 
the American army during the Revolutionary war ; a notice, by James Grant Wil- 
son, of Gunning Bedford, Jr., of Delaware, one of the framers of the Constitution 
of the United States : Notes and Queries; Current Memoranda, &c. &c. Many of 
the articles are illustrated by engravings. The price of the Monthly is now so low 
that few who wish to own it need deny themselves the privilege. j. w. d. 

Extracts from a Lancashire Diary 1663-1678, in the Possession of John Leyland, 
Esq., of the Grange, Hindley, near Wigan. Reprinted from the " Local Glean- 
ings^^ of the " Manchester Courier.'''' Manchester: T. Sowler & Co., Printers, 
Red Lion St., St. Ann's Square. 1876. [12mo. pp. 72.] 

The author of this diary M^as Roger Lowe, a young mercer of Ashton-in-Macker- 
field, near Warrington, Lancashire. It contains many curious entries, and there 
are various " allusions to the ejected and Nonconformist ministers of the neighbor- 
hood of Warrington, with occasional notices of the clergy of the various churches in 
that district." Very full illustrative notes are added by the editor. 

In the Manchester Courier, an old established paper possessing a very extensive 
circulation, in which this diary was first printed, there appears every Friday from 
one and a half to two columns devoted to original documents, notes, queries and 
replies — historical, genealogical and topographical — relating to the two counties of 
Lancashire and Cheshire. In these " Local Gleanings" columns many very in- 
teresting documents and papers have appeared. They are reprinted every quarter 
VOL. XXXI. 21* 



242 Booh Notices, [April, 

in book form ; but of these reprints only 250 copies arc printed, most of which are 
subscribed tor by those interested in such records. Six of these quarterly parts have 
already a])peared, and the seventh part wliich will contain an index, &c., will com- 
plete the lirst volume of " Local (jlleanings." 

The editor of this department of the Manchester Courier, John P. Enrwaker, Esq., 
M.A., F.8.A., of Withington, West Manchester, England, who is also the editor of 
the work whose title heads this notice, writes us that, if any of our readers in- 
terested in Lancashire or Cheshire families will send him any queries, &c., on the 
subject, he will gladly give them a place in his columns, so that a chance may be 
given to the many readers of the Courier familiar with such subjects, to furnish the 
information needed when in their possession. j. w. d. 

Manual of the First Church in Dover, N. H. Organized December, 1638. No. 1 V. 

September 15, 187G. Dover, N. H.: Morning Star Steam Job Printing House. 

1876. [12mo. pp. 52.] 
A Brief History of the First Church, Newton {Newton Centre), with Articles of Faith ^ 

Covenant, Standing Rules, and the Names of its Members. Boston : Franklin 

Press; Hand, Avery & Co. 1876. [12mo. pp. 46.J 

Historical Sketch, Confession of Faith, Covenant and Membership of the First Church 
of Christ. Marblehead, Mass. Marblehead : N. Wiliard Sanborn, Printer. 1876. 
[8vo. pp.'38.] 

The First Church in Dover dates from about the time of the arrival of its first 
minister, the Rev. William Leverich, in 1633. The pamphlet before us contains 
brief biographical sketches of him and his successors, to and including the present 
pastor, tlie Kev. George B. Spalding ; the Principles, Form of Admission and Stand- 
ing Rules of the Church ; its present members and officers, the latter alphabetically 
arranged with dates of admission and residence ; and a chronological list of all its 
members from 1718 to 1876, 

The First Church of Newton was formed in 1664, while the territory was a part of 
Cambridge, known as Cambridge Village. This " Manual " contains an Historical 
Sketch of the church ; a list of its five church edifices, with the dates when they 
were built ; lists of pastors and deacons, with the dates of their service as such ; 
lists of other officers ; the Form of Admission, Confession of Faith and Standing 
Rules ; and a chronological list of its members from 1773. 

The present First Church of Marblehead was not organized till 1684, though there 
had then been preaching there for nearly half a century. Its " Manual " now before 
us contains an Historical Sketch of the church ; its C(mfession of Faith ; lists of its 

f>reachers, pastors and deacons, with the dates of their service ; and a chronological 
ist of its members from 1684 to 1876. 

The three pamphlets of which we have given a description above, appear to be 
carefully prepared, and will be of much service to genealogists as well as to their 
own members. J. w. d. 

Early Maps of Ohio and the West. By C. C. Baldwin, Secretary Western Reserve 
and Northern Ohio Historical Society. Cleveland, 0. : Fairbanks, Benedict &, Co., 
Printers, Herald Office. 1875. [8vo. pp. 26.] 

One of the most enterprising historical and archaeological societies in the United 
States is the one above named. It has had and now has a very active and zealous 
corps of otlicers and friends. Among its treasures is a large collection of valuable 
maps and charts, of which C. C. Baldwin, Esq., has prepared and published an 
historical description. It is a useful and highly credital)le production. A similar 
catalogue of maps relating to New England, owned by our historical societies and 
other institutions, is greatly needed. a. u. u. 

The Prc-TIisioric Ixcntains which locre found on the Site of the City of Cincinnati 
Ohio with a Vindication of the " Cincinnati Tablet '^ By Robert Clarke Cin- 
cinnati 1876. [8vo. pp. 34.] 

Our friend Mr. Clarke not only publishes many books, but finds time in the midst 
of his i)reHsing and multifarious business to read and study almost every thing, and 
to keej) abreast of the times. In this pami)lilet he ])resents a concise account of 
the interesting pre-historic remains Ibund in Cincinnati at diifcrent times, beginning' 
as early as 171)4, which were then supposed by competent autiiorities to liave been 
deposited there Ijy the mound builders. This supposition has been abundantly con- 
firmed by subsequent investigations. 



1877.] Booh Notices, 243 

Mr. Clarke also gives the history of the stone relic or " tablet " unearthed from 
one of the Cincinnati Mounds in 1841, which bears on its two surfaces several sculp- 
tured fii^ures and devices. This tablet has been the subject of a good deal of skepti- 
cal criticism, but the author shows beyond doubt its authenticity, and its correspond- 
ence to acknowledged pre-historic remains found in other parts of the country. An 
engraved /at-simi/e of the "tablet" accompanies the text. a. h. n. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, at the Annual Meeting, held at 
Worcester, October 21, 1876. Worcester: Printed by Charles Hamilton, Central 
Exchange. 1876. [Number 67.] 

The report of the Council, prepared and presented by Prof. Emory Washburn, 
discusses some of the characteristic features of the colonists of New-England, and 
some of the most influential elements of their civil and social polity, especially their 
system of land tenure, their mingling of religion with secular affairs, their institu- 
tion of local municipal administrations, and their provisions by law for popular 
education. 

The report of the librarian, S. F. Haven, Esq., contains an interesting and instruc- 
tive survey of the recent progress of historical and archaeological invcfitigations. 

A. H. H. 

Society of the Army of the Cumberland Tenth Reunion Philadelphia 1876 Pub- 
lished /)y Order of the Society Cincinnati Robert Clarke & Company 1876. [8vo. 
pp. 236.] 

There is no apparent selfishness or political significance in these annual social 
reunions of the "Society of the Army of the Cumberland." A strong feeling of 
mutual respect and affection pervades the association, which centres about the names 
and services of their great leaders in the field. 




of 

J. , J -.-. ^-^^j , „^,---.. -._-.j„. „._. „ , 

with the other Proceedings of the Society at their reunion in Philadelphia in July 
last. The volume is published in uniform stylo of elegance with its predecessors. 

A. H. H. 

Pioneer History of Milwaukee, from the First American Settlement in 1833 to 1841, 
with a Topographical Description, as it appeared in a State of Nature. Illustrated 
with a Map. Jiy James S. Buck. [Seal.] Milwaukee: Milwaukee News Com- 
pany, Printers. 1876. [8vo. pp. 292. Table of Contents, but no Index.] 
Mr. Buck arrived at Milwaukee in January, 1837, a few years after its settlement. 
He has resided there till the present time, upwards of forty years, witnessing its 
rise from the post of an Indian trader to a city of upwards of seventy thousand 
inhabitants. The author confines hiuivself to the pioneer historj'-, or, to speak more 
definitely, to the first eight years after its settlement. Special attention is paid to 
the biography of the pioneers ; and Mr. Buck has been very successful in obtaining 
facts relative to their lives. The book is illustrated b}^ numerous portraits. 

The present inhabitants of Milwaukee owe a debt of gratitude to the author which 
we have no doubt they recognize ; but when the centenary of its settlement is cele- 
brated, his labors will be still more highly appreciated. j. w. d. 

New England Academies and Classical Schools, with Sketches of Phillips Academy^ 
Andover, Lawrence Academy, Groton, and Monson Academy. By Kev. Charles 

Hammond, Principal of Monson Academy Boston : Wright & Potter, 

State Printers. 1877. [8vo. pp. 64.] 

A Century of Education : being a Concise History of the Rise and Progress of the 
Public Schools in the City of Providence. By Edwin Martin Stone. Providence : 
Providence Press Co. 1876. [8vo. pp. 84. Index.] 

Much relative to the history of Education in New England will be found in the 
above two pamphlets. The Rev. Mr. Hammond treats of academies and classical 
schools, which, before our state and cities had so abundantly provided for teaching 
the hif^her branches of learning, bore a more prominent place than now in the educa- 
tion of the people. The Rev. Mr. Stone devotes his pamphlet to public schools, 
giving an exhaustive history of those in Providence, Rhode Island. Both works are 
deserving of high praise. j, w. d. 



244 Booh Wotices, [April, 

Proceedings in the City of Lovjell at the Semi- Centennial Celebration of the Incor- 
poration of the Town of Lowell, March 1, 1876. Lowell, Mass. : Penhallow 
Printing Establishment. 1876. [8vo. pp. 151+14.] 

Report of the Proceedings and Exercises at the Celebration of the One Hundred and 
Fiftieth Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town of Kingston, Mass., June 
27, 1876. Boston : E. B. Stillings & Co., JPrinters. 18:^6. [Royal 8vo. pp. 151. 
Price, 75 cts., or l)y mail 83 cts., to be obtained of Horatio Adams, Room 44, No. 
40 Water Street, Boston, Mass.] 

The Five Ministers. A Sermon in West Church [Boston], by C. A. Bartol, on 

the Fortieth Anniversary of his Ordination. Boston : Published by A. Williams 

& Co., 283 Washington Street. 1877. [8vo. pp. 21.] 
Exercises at the Bi- Centennial Commemoration of the Burning of Medfeld by Indians 

in King Philip's War, February 21, 1876. Medfield : Printed by George 11. Ellis. 

1876. [8vo. pp. 56.] 

Addresses delivered at the Dedication of the Town Hall, Medfield, September 2, 1872, 

and at its Re- Dedication, November 10, 1874. By Robert R. Bishop 

Boston : George H. Ellis, Printer. 1875. [8vo. pp. 31.] 

1714. Hitherto Hath the Lord helped us. 1876. Historical Discourse preached on 
the One Hundred and Sixty Second Anniversary of the First Church of Christ, 
Medway, Mass., First Sabbath in October, 1876. By Rev. E. 0. Jameson, Pastor. 
Published by the Church. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers. 1877. [Svo. 
pp. 86.] 

Addresses delivered at the Centennial Celebration of the Congregational Church in 
Gilsum, New Hampshire, October 28, 1872. By Rev. Silyanus IIayward. Dover, 
N. H. : H. H. Goodwin, Book and Job Printer. 1873. [8vo. pp. 63.] 

Centennial Discourse. Historical of the Town of Londonderry, N. H., and its 
Presbyterian Church and Society. (Founded April, 1719.) Delivered Sabbath, 
July 2d, 1876. By Lutuer B. Pert, Pastor. Exeter: News-Letter Press. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 29.] 

Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Organization of the Presbyterian Church, Madison, 
Wis., Oct. 4, 1876. Historical Address. By Daniel S. Durrie. Published by 
Request of the Church, Madison, Wis. : Atwood & Culver, Printers and Stereo- 
typers. 1876. [8vo. pp. 29.] 

The town, now city, of Lowell, Mass., was incorporated March 1, 1826, and the 
fiftieth anniversary of that event was celebrated in a manner in every \\i\y worthy 
of the city and the occasion. The oration was bj'' the lion. Benjamin E. Butler, and 
is an able production. Besides this, many addresses, letters, &c., are given in the 
volume whose title heads this list; and among them are addresses from the Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, president of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
and the Hon. Charles Cowley, chairman of the committee of arrangement, who has 
the honor of initiating the movement for this celebration. A plan of the territory 
in 1821, then a part of Chelmsford, and one of the town in 1832, illustrate the work. 

Kingston has made a valuable contribution to centennial historical literature in 
the thick pamphlet before us. The town was incorporated June 16, 1726, 0. S., 
corresponding to June 27, N. S.; so that one hundred and fifty years of its independ- 
ent history were completed last June. The principal addresses were an oratit)n by 
the Rev. Joseph F. Lovering and an Historical Sketch of the town by Dr. T. B. 
Drew ; besides which we have a variety of speeches, poems and letters of an inter- 
esting character. The pamphlet is handsomely printed Avith a wide margin, and is 
illustrated by several engravings, including a large map of the town. 

The Rev. Dr. Bartol, now sole pastor of the AVest Church, Boston, was ordained 
there as a colleague of the late Rev. Charles Lowell, JNIarch 1, 1837, and on the 4th 
of March last, the Sunday following the fortieth anniversary of his settlement, he 
preached the commemorative address whose title we give above. West Church was 
gathered Jan. 3, 1737, and, in tiie one hundred and forty years since, has had but 
five ministers, namely, William Hooper, Jonnthan Mayhew, D.I)., Simeon Howard, 
D.D., Ciiarles Lowell and Cyrus Augustus Bartol, D.D. The author sketches the 
characteristics of his four predecessors, and narrates the principal events of their and 
his own ministry. 

Medfield was burnt by the Indians, February 21, 1076, 0. S. The celebration of 
the two hundredth anniversary of that event was held on the same day of the month, 



1877.] Booh JSFotices, 245 

■without the usual correction style. Robert R. Bishop, Esq., of Newton, delivered 
an oration, and James Hewins, Esq., of Medfield, read an original poem entitled 
" A Legend of Medfield." Among the after-dinner speeches is one from D. T. V. 
Iluntoon, Esq., as a delegate from the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The title-page of the next pamphlet shows the time and occasions when the two 
addresses which it contains were delivered. The author, Mr. Bishop, has added 
some historical notes. 

The town of Medway was incorporated Oct. 25, 1713, and one of its first acts was 
to appoint a committee for building a meeting-house. The house was erected so 
that services were held in it on the first Sabbath in October, 1714, by the Rev. David 
Deming, who was settled as the pastor of the church on the 20th of November, 1715. 
The Rev. Mr. Jameson's Historical Discourse commemorates the first services held 
by the Rev. Mr. Deming in Medway. It gives, with considerable minuteness, the 
history of the church during the ministry of his eight predecessors, he himself being 
the ninth pastor. Appended is an historical sketch of the Sabbath School connected 
with that church, which is sixty years old, dating from the spring of 1817. 

Gilsum was chartered July 13, 1763, and a church was organized there, October 
27, 1772. It is this last event which the Rev. Mr. Ilayward's address commemo- 
rates. Besides a history of the church and biographies of its ministers, he devotes 
much space to a history of the settlement and to notices of the early settlers. A 
tabulated list of the members of the church from 1772, with dates of admission, &c., 
is appended. We are pleased to learn that Rev. Mr. Hayward is writing a history 
of the town. 

Londonderry was settled by the Scotch Irish, to whose hardy virtues Mr. Derby 
pays so glowing a tribute in our January number {ante, p. 34). The Rev. Mr. 
Pert's discourse sketches the history of the town and church from the settlement of 
the place in 1719. Autographs of all the ministers, five in number, and of Capt. 
Robert Rogers, of the famous " Rangers," and other noted citizens of the town, are 
given. 

Mr. Durrie of Madison, Wisconsin, the author of the address on the twenty-fifth 
anniversary of the organization of the Presbyterian church there, is one of its ori- 
ginal members, and is conversant with its entire history. He is the author of the 
History of Madison, noticed in the Register {ante^ xxix. 127). Besides a valuable 
history of the church, he furnishes an alphabetical list of its members during the 
twenty-five years of its existence. J. w. d. 

An Answer to a Letter sent from Mr. Coddington of Rode Island, to Governour 
Leveret of Boston, in ivfiat concerns R. W . of Providence. Boston. Printed by 
John Foster [between 1678 and 1680.] 

A rare publication, bearing the above title, which seems to have escaped the 
notice of bibliographers, recently came into the hands of the Rev. E. M. Stone of 
Providence, and we infer is now the property of the Rhode Island Historical Society. 
He has caused one hundred copies to be reprinted in facsimile, at the ofiice of the 
Providence Press Company. To this he has prefixed an Introduction. The title 
and Introduction cover four pages, and the facsimile covers ten. This *' Answer" 
is unmistakably the product of Roger Williams, and is an interesting addition to 
the controversial literature of that period. a. h. h. 

Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana, with its Transactions, Act of 
Incorporation, Constitution, Ordinances, Officers and Members. Vol. I. Helena, 
Montana : Rocky Mountain Publishing Company. 1876. [8vo. pp. 357.] 
The Territory of INIontana was organized in May, 1864, and the February follow- 
ing the " Historical Society of Montana " was incorporated by its legislature. This 
volume, besides the proceedings of the Historical Society from Feb. 25, 1865, to 
April 21, 1875, and the other documents named on the title-page, contains a number 
of valuable biographical and historical papers, among which are the Adventures of 
James Stuart, on the Upper Missouri, with a life and portrait ; Early Life of Malcom 
Clarke, for thirty years among the Indian tribes on the Upper Missouri ; and papers 
and letters relative to various expeditions to this region ; besides lists of the ofiicers 
of the territory from 1864 to 1876 ; the steamboat arrivals at Fort Benton, 1859 to 
1874 ; and the names of all persons except Indians who are known to have been in 
what is now Montana " during the winter of 1862-3, which was the first winter 
after the Gold Mines of this Region had been noised abroad." 

The book makes a handsome volume, and in every respect is highly creditable to 
the young Territory and Society which send it to us. J. w. d. 



246 Booh Notices, [April, 

The History of the Bunker Hill Monument Association during the First Century of 
thr United States of America. By Gkorge Wasuixgton Warren. Monuments 
themselves Memorials need. With Illustrations. Boston : James R. Osgood 
and Company (Late Ticknor and Fields, and Fields, Osgood and Company). 
M.DCGc.LXxvi. In. U.S. A. CI. [8vo. pp. xvi.-f-427.] 

No person better fitted to write the history of the Bunker Hill Monument Associa- 
tion tlian Judge Warren could be found. He has held office in that society con- 
tinuously from 1836 to the present time, a period of more than forty years, and 
during all that time has been indefatigable in his labors to accomplish the objects 
for which that society was organized. Born too " at the foot of Bunker Hill, and 
often in childhood having rambled over the battle-field while a pasture," his 
reverence for the memories of the spot was early developed. He was the secretary 
of the association fi'om 1839 to 1847, when he was chosen president, which latter 
office he filled with the highest credit till the centenary of the battle, June 17, 1875. 

Judge Warren " was requested by Mr. Webster to prepare an account of the first 
two great celebrations on Bunker Hill, to accompany his orations in a proposed re- 
publication. This he undertook to do ; but when Mr. Everett kindly assumed the 
editorship of all the works of the great Statesman, no other hand was required. 
Subsequently, the author has been frequently requested to prepare a history of the 
Association, embracing the note-worthy events, and giving a summary of the labors, 
the difficulties, and the triumphs it has experienced." 

In this volume Judge Warren, besides a history of the Bunker Hill Monument 
Association, gives details of the circumstances and events which preceded and led to 
its formation, includin^^ the several commemorative exercises and the erection of the 
masonic monument. The portion of the book devoted to the history of the associa- 
tion itself clearly and minutel}'' narrates the disinterested labors of those who planned 
and carried into execution the erection of the monument on Breed's Hill. The fol- 
lowing dedication of this volume shows to whom Judge Warren thinks the credit 
should be given : " To the Memory of Daniel Webster, Edward Everett, Thomas 
Handasyd Perkins, John Collins Warren and William Tudor, the principal Ori- 
ginators of the Bunker Hill Monument, of Henry Alexander Scamraell Dearborn 
and William Sullivan their chief co-adjutors ; and of Amos Lawrence and Judah 
Touro, who added their noble Donations to the means raised by the Women of the 
Country for its completion in 1840 ; also, of Nathaniel Pope Russell, the Faithful 
Treasurer, and Solomon Willard, the Devoted Architect, This Humble Memorial 
of their Imperishable Work is gratefully Dedicated by the Author." 

No pains have been spared to make the book worthy of its subject. Elegant 
paper and numerous steel engravings render it one of the finest productions ot the 
modern press. A view of the battle, on steel, forms the frontispiece ; and steel 
portraits of Joseph Warren, Daniel Webster, Thomas H. Perkins, Edward Everett, 
John C. Warren, Amos Lawrence, Robert C. Winthrop and Uriel Crocker; helio- 
type portraits of Nathaniel P. Russell and Sarah J. Hale ; and heliotype fac-similes 
of letters from Daniel Webster, John Marshall, Thomas Jcfi'erson, Lafayette, 
Nathaniel P. Russell, Edward Everett, James Madison, James Monroe, William 
Bainbridge, James Kent, Robert Y. Hayne and Henry Clay ; with numerous other 
illustrations, add much to the value as well as the beauty of the book. j. w. d. 

John Wheelwright, his Writings, including his Fast-Day Sermon, 1637, and his 
Mercurius Amcricanus, 1645; with a Paper upon the Genuineness of the Indian 
Deed of 1629, and a Memoir. By Charles H. Bell, A.M. Boston: Printed for 
the Prince Society. 1876. [Fcp. 4to. pp. 253. Index.] 

Of this volume, the ninth of the " Publications of the Prince Society," it is suffi- 
cient praise to say tliat it is worthy of a place beside its predecessors. No memoir of 
the Rev. John W heelwright, the subject of this monograph, has before been written, 
though a few of the events in his life have been the subject of much comment and 
criticism. As one of the leading advocates of a " covenant of grace " in the famous 
Antinoinian controversy, his name has been conspicuous in the early history of 
Massacliusetts ; and, as tlie i)rinci])al founder of the town of Exeter, he has been 
kn(Avn to the readers of New Hampshire history ; l)ut little concerning other i)oints 
in his life has been known till recently'. His lile in Fngland before his emigration 
was almost a blank, till Col. Chester, by one of his wonderful researches, unravelled 
the mystery whicli surrounded it, and gave the result of his labors to the world 
through our ])ag('s (ante, xxi. 363-5). 
Mr. Bell has collected in this volume all the known writings of Wheelwright, and 



1877.] Boole JSTotices, 247 

everything that could be gathered concerning his life. The materials for the memoir, 
many of which exist only in manuscript, have been " collected from all known 
sources of information on the subject in this country, supplemented by the fruits of 
such inquiry in England as time and opportunity allowed," The " Fast-Day Ser- 
mon," which led to his banishment from the Massachusetts colony, is here printed 
from the only complete contemporary manuscript known, which is now in the Mas- 
sachusetts archives. The sermon remained in manuscript till 1867, when it was 
printed by Mr. Dawson and the Massachusetts Historical Society ; but both copy 
from a manuscript which does not appear to have been the work of a person so well 
educated as the scribe of that here printed. The " Mercurius Americanus," though 
bearing the name of John Wheelwright, "junior," as the author, is generally sup- 
posed to be by our John Wheelwright. It is here reproduced verbatim. Mr. 
Bell's review of the evidence in relation to the famous Wheelwright deed of 1629, 
whose genuineness has been questioned by Savage, Bouton and other writers, is an 
elaborate and candid argument, and presents some new and important views of a 
much discussed question. 

The book is beautifully printed by John Wilson & Son, of Cambridge, and is 
illustrated by heliotype fac-similes of the Indian deeds of 1638 to him and others, 
whose genuineness cannot be controverted. j. w. d. 

The Life and Industrial Labors of William Wheelwright in South America. By 
J. B. Alberdi (Late Minister of the Argentine Republic to France and England). 
Translated from the Spanish, with Additional Memoranda. With an Introduction 
by the Hon. Caleb Cusking, United States Minister to Spain. Boston: A. 
Williams & Co., 283 Washington Street. 1877. [Large 12mo. pp. vi.+213 
+57. Table of contents, but no index. Price, $1.50.] 

Mr. Wheelwright in the early part of his life was a sailor and shipmaster. In 
1824, at the age of 26, he took up his residence at Guayaquil in Columbia, and soon 
after was appointed United States consul at that port, which office he held several 
years. In 1829, after the dismemberment of Columbia, he removed to Valparaiso, 
in Chili. In both places he was indefatigable in developing the commercial resources 
of the Pacific coast of South America. In 1833, he projected a steam navigation 
company, for which he obtained important privileges from the republics of Peru and 
Chili. After much toil and discouragement, necessitating a visit to England, he 
succeeded in inducing English capitalists to engage in the enterprise ; and, in 1838, 
the Pacific Steam Navigation Company was formed with a capital of £250.000. 
Mr. Wheelwright, as superintendent of the company's operations, gave his energies 
to the work, overcame the numerous obstacles which he met with, and saw his plans 
crowned with brilliant success. In 1855, more than twenty years after he had 
planned it, Mr. Wheelwright withdrew from the company and turned his efforts to 
the construction of railways in South America, to which he devoted himself for the 
remainder of his life, with profit to himself and his associates, and with untold 
benefit to the countries where they were constructed. He died in London, Septem- 
ber 26, 1873, leaving an ample fortune, a liberal portion of which he left to his native 
city, Newburyport, for charitable purposes. 

This memoir of Mr. Wheelwright was written in the Spanish language by Mr. 
Alberdi, whom Mr. Cushing characterizes as " an eminent citizen of the Argentine 
Confederation, distinguished in diplomacy and as a writer on questions of interna- 
tional jurisprudence." To the translation of this work are added biographical 
memoranda, and the whole is prefaced by an introduction from the pen of the Hon. 
Caleb Cushing, the companion of Mr. Wheelwright in youth and his friend in 
maturer years. j. w. d. 

The American Bibliopolist, a Literary Register and Repository of Notes and Queries , 
Shakcspeariana, etc. . . . February^ 1877. ... J. Sabin & Sons, 84 Nassau Street, 
New York. [8vo. pp. 20-j-16. Annual Subscription, $L25, inclusive of prepaid 
postage. Single Numbers, issued Bi-Monthly, 25 cts. each.] 

The present number of the American Bibliopolist is the first number of the ninth 
volume and the eighty-fifth since its first issue. In these numbers much curious 
and valuable information concerning books and kindred subjects has been preserved. 
The contents of No. 85 are : — Literary and other Jottings ; Obituaries, Notes and 
Queries, Shakespearian Gossip ; review of Bryant and Gay's History of the United 
States from the London AthencEum ; Gossip about Portraits, &c. &c. Sixteen pages 
of " Bibliography " from " Oldys " to ''St. Louis " are given. j. w. d. 



248 Booh JVotices, [April, 

Celebration by the Inhabitants of Worcester, Mass., of the Centennial Anniversary of 
the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1876. To which are added Historical 
and Chronolocjical Notes. Worcester : Printed by Order of the City Council. 
MDCcc'Lxxvi. [8vo. pp. 140. Large Paper.] 

Notes, Historical and Chronological, on the Town of Worcester, Mass. By Nathaniel 
Paine. Worcester : Tliirty-fivc Coi)ies printed for Private Distribution. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 76. Large Paper.] 

The oration of the Hon. Benjamin F. Thomas before the inhabitants of Worcester 
on the occasion above stated is one of the ablest and most valuable of all the dis- 
courses delivered on the National Anniversary in 1870. His special theme was the 
Rise of the Republic in its legal and constitutional aspects ; which was treated con- 
cisely, but with that clearness and comprehensive grasp which characterize all the 
utterances of this learned and distinguished jurist. 

Two other editions of this pamphlet have been issued on smaller paper ; one cut, 
the other uncut. 

Appended to the oration and other proceedings of the day, are extended historical 
and chronological Notes, prepared by Nathaniel Paine, Et^q., " with the intention 
of indicating * * * tiie condition of affairs in the town of Worcester a century ago, 
especially as to the stand taken upon the important political questions then agitat- 
ing the country." These notes are very valuable, and evidently are the result of 
ver}' careful research. They arc illustrated with a facsimile of a page of the town- 
records upon which the protest of the loyalists of Worcester in 1774 was recorded, 
and afterward defaced by order of the people ; of the Worcester Spy for July 17, 
1770, containing the Declaration of Independence ; and of the Old South Church, 
as it appeared in 1770, in which the Declaration was first publicly read in ^lassa- 
chusetts, by Isaiah Thomas. 

A small separate edition of these Notes, enlarged, has also been printed for Mr. 
Paine, with additional illustrations. These publications are issued in elegant 
style. A. H. H. 

I'he New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Devoted to the Interests of 
American Genealogy and Biography. Issued Quarterly. [Seal.] January, 1877. 
Published for the Society. Mott Memorial Hall, No. 64 Madison Street, New 
York City. [8vo. pp. 48. Price $2 a year.] 

The Maine Genealogist and Biographer . A Quarterly Journal. Wm. B. Lapham, 
Editor. March, 1877. Augusta, Me. : Printed for the Society by Sprague, 
Owen & Nash. [8vo. pp. 32. Price, $1 50 a year.] 

These two periodicals contain much interesting matter relating to American gen- 
ealogy and biography. The Record with tliis number enters on its eighth year and 
volume, while the Genealogist and Biographer is near the close of the second. 

This number of the Record contains a biographical sketch of the late Rev. Dr. 
William B. Sprague ; Long Island Families in Chester County, Pa. ; Contributions 
to the History of the Ancient Families of New York (Loockermans and Varick) ; 
copies of church records in New York City and Harlem ; Notes and Queries, and 
a goodly number of book notices. 

The })rc8ent number of the latter periodical contains heliotypc portraits of Mrs. 
Abiah (Soule) Kilgore, the last revolutionary pensioner in eastern Maine, and the 
late James W. Bradbury, Jr., a promising young lawyer in Augusta, Me., with bio- 
graphical sketches ; genealogies of the iamilies of Flagg, Cilley and Ricker ; Revo- 
lutionary Pensioners in Maine ; Notes and Queries ; Editorial Notes, and a variety 
of other articles illustrating town and family history. 

Wo commend both works to the patronage of our readers. J. w. n. 

A Discourse delivered in the First Church of Dover, May 18, 1873, on the Two 
Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Settlement of Dover, N. H. By Ckorge 
B. Si'ALDiNG, Pastor of the First Church. (Publibhed by Request.) Dover, 
N. 11. : Freewill Baptist Printing Association. 1873. [12mo. pp. 29.] 

Thr Dover Pulpit during I lie Revolutionary War, a Discourse commemorative of the 
Distinguished Service rendered by Rev. Jeremy Belknap, D.D., to the Cause of 
American Independence, preached by Rev. Ceohgi-: B. SrALDiNO, July 9, 1876. 
PubliHJied l)y Rccpiest. Dover, N. H. : Morning Star Steam Job Printing House. 
1870. [8vo. pp. 31.] 
In the first discourse; the author gives a concise summary of tlie early religious 

history of Dover, and brief aketches of its early ministers : — Levcrich, Burdctt, 



1877.] 



Deaths, 



249 



Knollys, Larkham, Maud, and Reyner. On some other occasion, not remote, we 
hope he will brina; this history and these sketches down to the present time, — a his- 
tory not of one church only, but of all. Such a work by one on the spot, having 
access to all the existing records, could not fail to be valuable. 

The ministry of the Rev. Dr. Belknap, the historian of New Hampshire, which 
continued in Dover for nearly twenty years, covered the whole period of the Revo- 
lutionary War. By sermons, by letters to public men, by communications to the 
newspapers, he showed his hearty and intelligent zeal in the struggle for political 
independence, and exercised a large degree of influence upon his contemporaries. 
All this Mr. Spalding sets forth clearly, and shows moreover that Dr. Belknap fully 
perceived and proclaimed, in sermons preached in 1772 and 1774, the true grounds 
of the dispute between Great Britain and her American Colonies. a. h. h. 



DEATHS. 



Baldwin, Mrs. Hannah Stanton, in Wor- 
cester, Mass., March 19, 1877, aged 91 
years and 8 days. She was the widow 
of Dianiel Baldwin, of North Stoning- 
ton, Conn., was born March 11, 1786, 
and had among her ancestors some of 
the most prominent of the early settlers 
of Stonington and Groton, Conn. She 
was a lineal descendant of the first 
Thomas Stanton, of Stonington, being 
the daughter of Capt. Nathaniel Stan- 
ton, of Groton, who was son of Nathan- 
iel, of Preston, who was son of Joseph, 
of Stonington, who was son of Capt. 
John, of Stonington, who was son of 
the first Thomas. Her great-grand- 
mother Stanton was the granddaughter 
of both William Chesebro' and Capt. 
George Dennison, of Stonington. 
Thomas Stanton and William Chesebro* 
were the first two settlers in that town. 
Her grandmother Stanton was a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Joseph Coit, the first min- 
ister of Plainfield, Conn., whose wife 
was Experience Wheeler, of Stonington. 
Through h-er mother, she was a descen- 
dant of the first James Avery and of 
the first James Morgan, of Groton. 
She lived a brave life, and died worthy 
of all honor. 

Day, Charles, in Portland, Me., Oct. 14, 
1876, 88. 79. He was the oldest printer 
in that city. He learned his trade in 
the office of the Eastern Argus^ and for 
some years had charge of its job office. 
While a partner in the firm of Day & 
Eraser, he printed «'The Yankee," a 
weekly newspaper edited by John Neal, 
commenced Jan. 1828. As a member 
of other firms he printed the first edi- 
tion of Willis's " History of Portland" 
(2 vols. 1831 and 1833) ; and published 
Zion's Advocate, commenced 1831, and 
the Mechanic and Workingmans Advo- 
cate. 

Foster, Eben B., in Cambridgeport, Aug. 
VOL. XXXI. 22 



26, 1876, 86. 73. He was the son of 
John and Mary (Haskell) Foster, and 
was b. in Deer Isle, Maine, May 2, 
1803 ; being the 4th in descent from 
John^ Foster of Roxbury, born about 
1700, through Capt. Samuel,^ and Joh7i,^ 
above, his father. He was brought up 
in the business department of the Bos- 
ton Daily Advertiser, which he left to 
assume the financial management of the 
Daily Courier, while it was edited by 
Joseph T. Buckingham ; and he after- 
wards became one of its proprietors. 
On the organization of the Pawner's 
Bank, he was chosen its cashier, which 
office he held till about a year before 
his death. 

Hale, Miss Abigail Grout, daughter of 
Harry and Lucinda (Eddy) Hale (see 
Register, vol. xxvi. p. 356), at Chelsea, 
Vt, February 13, 1877, in the 60th 
year of her age. 

Haynes, Guy Carleton, in East Boston, 
March 16, aged 91. He was the young- 
est of the twenty-three children of Jo- 
seph Haynes of Haverhill, Mass., and 
was born in that town, Feb. 5, 1786. He 
was the oldest resident of East Boston, 
being one of the first settlers after the 
project of improvement in 1833. He 
built the first house, — the one since 
occupied by him, and in which he 
died, at the corner of Webster and Cot- 
tage Streets. This was in May, 1833, 
He moved into it when it was about 
half finished, and when there were but 
three females, including his wife, on 
the island. 

Three of Mr. Haynes's brothers, Da- 
vid, Ammi R. and Joseph, served in 
the French war in Canada in 1757, 
over two years before the capture of 
Quebec by Gen. Wolfe. Full particu- 
lars of this family will be found in the 
Register for Oct. 1855 (ix. 349-51), 
in an article communicated by him. 



250 



Deaths, 



[April, 



HonAUT, Hon. Benjamin, in South Ab- 
in<^ton, the place of liis birth, at noon, 
Jan. 25, 1877, in his 96th year. Ilis 
great-great-grandfather was Jacob Nash, 
one of the prominent early settlers of 
Weymouth, who left a large estate in 
"Weymouth, Abington, Braintree and 
niridjrewater, to be divided among his 
descendants. Mr. Hobart's mother was 
Thankful White, daughter of Joseph 
and Ruth (Nash) White, and married 
for her first husband Elihu, brother of 
President John Adams, by whom she 
had three children. She married for 
her second husband, Nov. 25, 1777, 
Col. Aaron Hobart, a prominent man 
in his day. Of six children by this 
marriage, the Hon. Benjamin and Jo- 
seph (twins) were born Oct. 24, 1781. 
Joseph died August 1, 1787. Benjamin 
Hobart was graduated at Brown Uni- 
versity in 1804, and was its oldest sur- 
viving alumnus. He attended the com- 
mencement of his alma mater last sum- 
mer. Mr. Hobart was originally pre- 
pared for the bar, but about sixty years 
ago he commenced the manufacture of 
iron tacks, in which he was very suc- 
cessful. He delivered an oration on 
the fourth of July, 1805, and re- 
presented Abington in the legislature 
in 1828. He was active in securing the 
location of the Old Colony Railroad in 
the town, and in 1866 published a 
♦' History of Abington " {ante, xxi. 
299), written after he had reached the 
age of eighty years. An «' Historical 
Sketch of Abington " (8vo. pp. 176) 
had been written by his nephew, the 
Hon. Aaron Hobart (b. 1787, d. 1852, 
see Register, xiii. 90), and was pub- 
lished in 1839. 

Lord, Melvin, in Boston, May 16, 1876, 
a3t. 84 — the oldest bookseller in Boston. 
He was born in Saybrook, Ct., Sept. 2, 
1791, being one of eight children of 
Capt. Russell and Mrs. Hannah (Sill) 
Lord, who removed to Troy, N. Y., 
about 1795. At the age of twelve he 
came to Boston and entered the store of 
Thomas & Andrews, publishers and 
booksellers, the senior partner of that 
firm being Isaiah Thomas, author of the 
•• History of Printing." When twenty- 
one he became a clerk with West & 
Richardson (John West and Eleazer T. 
P. Richardson), and after a while was 
admitted a partner, the firm being West, 
Ricliardson & Lord. West's interest in 
the firm ceased in 1820, and the style be- 
came Richardson & Lord. His part- 
ner, Mr. R,, died in 1829, and after be- 
ing sole proprietor for a time, he admit- 
ted John C. llolbrook as a partner, the 



firm being changed to Richardson, Lord 
& llolbrook. In a year or two thty 
sold their retail trade to Marsh, Capen 
& Lyon, and confined themselves to a 
wholesale business. They published a 
large proportion of the school books 
used in New England, and were also 
large importers of stationery. In 1832 
Mr. Lord disposed of his interest in the 
business, which has since been carried 
on under various proprietors and styles 
to this time, the present firm being Wil- 
liam Ware & Co., who have lately suc- 
ceeded Brewer & Tileston. 

Among his publications and those of 
the firms of which he was a member, 
are the Farmer's Almanac, by Robert 
B. Thomas (annually), Morse's Geo* 
graphy, abridged, and Atlas, Brooke's 
Ciazetteer, Smith's Latin, Greek and 
Hebrew Grammars, Sullivan's Moral 
and Political Class Books, Webster's 
Chemistry, Pierpont's series of reading 
books, Webster's Spelling Book (the 
annual demand of which at one time 
was estimated as high as three hundred 
thousand copies), Perry's and Emerson's 
Spelling Books, Lempriere's Classical 
Dictionary, Paley's Moral Philosophy, 
Peter Parley's (Goodrich's) several his- 
tories, Staniford's and Frost's English 
Grammars, Worcester's Reader, Wor- 
cester's Spelling Book, Ains worth's 
Latin Dictionary, Bradford's History 
of Massachusetts, Butler's Analogy, 
Mrs. Susannah Rowson's Exercises in 
History, and Thatcher's Medical Bio- 
graphy ; also the following collections 
of Church Music, some of which had 
large sales, viz. : the Bridgewater Col- 
lection {ante, xviii. 223), tlie Handel 
and Haydn Society's Collection, the 
Boston Academy's Collection, Carmina 
Sacra, the Choir and the Psalmist. 

He married, March 21, 1821, Susan- 
nah Ridgeway, dau. of George Homer 
of Boston. She d. Jan. 26, 1876. He 
never recovered from the shock, and, 
though active in mind and body to tlie 
last, he died in less than four months. 
They had ten children, five of whom 
survive. 

Reichel, Rev. William C, in Bethlehem, 
Pa., Nov. 1, ;vt. 53 ; a linguist, a botan- 
ist and an historian. He was professor 
of Latin and the Natural Sciences in 
the Moravian Seminary, the author of 
various articles and books relative to 
Moravian history, and the editor of 
lleckewclder's "Indian Nations," no- 
ticed in our last number {ante, p. 138). 
At the time of his deatli he was engaged 
on histories of Northampton county 
and Bethlehem. 



1877.] Recent Publications. 251 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New-Eiigland Historic, Genealogical Society since the issue of last Number. 

An illustrated History of Missouri, comprising its early Record, and Civil, Poliiicnl and 

Military History from its First Exploration to the Present Time By Walter Bick- 

ford Davis and Daniel S. Durrie, A.M. Sold by Subscription. St. Louis: A. J. Hall & Co. 
Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1876. [8vo. pp. 639. Index and Illustrations.] 

The Chronicles of Baltimore; being a Complete History of "Baltimore Town" and 
Baltimore City from the Earliest Period to the Present Time. By Col. J. Thomas Scharf, 
Member of the Maryland Historical Society, etc. Baltimore: Turnbull Brothers. Ib74. 
[Svo. pp. 756. Index.] 

Historical Collections of Coshocton County (Ohio), a Complete Panorama of the Country, 
from the Time of the Earliest Known Occupants of the Territory unto the Present Time. 
1764-1876. By William E. Hunt. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., Printers. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 264.] 

An American in Iceland. An Account of its Scenery, People and History, with a 
Description of its Millenial Celebration in August, 1874, with Notes on the Orkney, Shetland 
and Faroe Islands, and the Great Eruption of 1875. By Samuel Kneeland, A.M., M D., 
Secretary and Professor of Zoology and Physiology in the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. With Map and Nineteen Illustrations. Boston : Lockwood, Brooks & Co. 

1876. [12mo. No Index.] 

His Royal Highness Prince Oscar at the National Celebration of the Centennial Anniver- 
sary of American Independence, held in Philadelphia, U. S. A., July 4, 1876. Boston : 
Printed at the Riverside Press for Private Distribution. 1876. [Royal 8vo. pp. 119. 
Illustrated.] 

Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Andrew Johnson (a Senator from Ten- 
nessee), delivered in the Senate :md House of Representatives, January 12, 1876. Published 
by Order of Congress. Forty Fourth Congress. First Session. 1876. [Royal 8vo. pp. 
106. Portrait.] 

Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Orris S. Ferry (a Senator from Connecti- 
cut), delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives, February 8, 1876. Published 
by Order of Congress. Forty Fourth Congress. First Session. 1877. [Royal 8vo. pp. 68.] 

Papers of the New Haven Colony Historical Society. Vol. II. New Haven: Printed for 
the Society. 1877. [8vo. pp. 388. No Index.] 

A Paraphrase of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Poem, entitled The Courtship of Miles 
Standish, bv Ariel Standish Thurston. .... R. M. Watts's Lake St. Publishing House, 
Elmira, N. Y. [Sq. 16mo. pp. 52.] 

Bi-Centenary of the Burning of Providence in 1676. Defence of the Rhode Island System 
of Treatment of the Indians, and of Civil and Reliiiious Liberty. An Address delivered 
before the Rhode Island Historical Society, April 10, 1876. By Zachariah Allen, LL.D. 
Providence: Providence Press Co., Printers to the State and City. 1876. [8vo. pp. 34.] 

New Hampshire at the Centennial. The Address of Governor Cheney; the Oration of 
Prof. E. D. Sanborn, of Dartmouth College; and an Account of the other Exercises on the 
New Hampshire Day at Philadelphia, OctoDer 12, 1S76; to which is prefixed a Sketch of 
the Great Centennial Exhibiticm. Compiled by J. Bailey Moore. Manchester: Published 
by John B. Clarke. 1876. [8vo. pp. 54. Portrait.] 

Legislative History of the Subsistence Depattment of the United States Army from June 
16, 1775, to August 15, 1876. Compiled under the Direction of the Commissary General of 
Subsistence, by John W. Barriger, Major and Commissary of Subsistence and Bvt. Briga- 
dier-General, U. S. Army. Second Edition. Washington: Government Printing Office. 

1877. [Svo. pp. 113-1-xv. Index.] 

A Sketch of the Organization of the Quartermasters' Department from 1774 to 1876. 
Published for the Information of the Officers of the Quartermasters' Department. Wash- 
ington : Government Printing Office. 1876. [8vo pp. 40.] 

A Sketch of the Organization of the Pay Department of the U. S. Army, from 1775 to 
1876. Washington, D. C. Paymaster General's Office. 1876. [8vo. pp. 45.] 

Saratoga and Kay-ad-ros-se-ra : an Historical Address. By N. B. Sylvester, delivered 
at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., July 4, 1876. . . . Troy, N. Y. : William H. Young. 1876. 
Price, 25 cts. [8vo. pp. 52.] 

The Lost City of New England. By B. F. DcCosta. [Sra. 4to. pp. 7. Reprinted from 
the Magazine of American History for Jan., 1877.] 

A Supplement to the Biographical Sketch of the Class of 1826 of Yale College. Pub- 
lished pursuant to a Resolution of the Class, adopted at their Semi-Centennial Meeting, 
June 28, 1776. By Selden Haines, of Rome, N. Y. Rome, N. Y. : Sandford & Carr. 
1876. [8vo. pp. 59] 

Walk about Zion. An Historical Discourse delivered Sabbath Morning and Evening, 
July 30, 1876, in the Presbyterian Church, Jersey, Ohio, on the Fifty Sixth Anniversary 
of its Organization. By Rev. D. R. Colmery, Pastor. Published by Request. Gazette 
Printing House, Columbus, Ohio. 1877. [8vb. pp. 32.] 



252 Recent Publications, [April. 

Addresses at the Inauguration of Rev. Horatio Q. Butterfield as President of Olivet Col- 
lege, Olivet. Mich. Detroit: Dai!}' Post Book and Job Printing Estabhshment. 1877. 
[8vo. i)p. 29:] 

Twenty Fourth Annual Report of the President, Treasurer and Librarian of the Mercan- 
tile Library Association of San Francisco. 187(3. San Francisco. C. A. Murdock & Co., 
Printers. 1877. [8vo. pp. 48-1 

Of Gorham D. Al)bot, Rebecca S. his Wife, and Elizabeth R. their daughter, A Brief 
Memorial, Biographical Sketches, The Memorial Service, Addenda. Cambridge. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 54. Illustrated.] 

The National Centennial Commemoration. Proceedings on the One Hundredth Anniver- 
sary of the Introduction and Adoption of the " Resolutions Respecting Independency," 
Held in Pliil.idelpliia on the Evening of June 7, 1876, at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine 
Arts, and on July 1, 1876, at the Hall of Independence. Philadelphia: Printed for the 
Committee. 1876. [Royal bvo. pp. 89.] 

Oration delivered at the Reunion of the Army of the Cumberland at Columbus, Ohio, 
September 16, 1874. By Colonel Stanley Matthews. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 
1873. [8vo. pp. 22.] 

An Address before the Literary Societies of the University of Wooster, delivered June 
20, 1876. Bv Stanley Matthews. Published by request of the Board of Trustees. Cin- 
cinnati : Robert Clarke & Co., Printers. 1876. " [8vo. pp. 29.] 

Description and Analysis of the Remarkable Collection of Unpublished Manuscripts of 
Koliert Morris, the First Financial Minister of the United States, from 1781 to 1784, in- 
cluding his Official and Private Di uy and Correspondence, in Sixteen Folio Volumes. The 
Property of Gen. John Meredith Read, F.S.A., M.R.I.A., Minister of the United States to 
Greece. Prepared, with a brief Sketch of his Life, by Henry A. Homes, LL.D., Librarian 
of the New York State Library. Albany : Joel Munsell. 1876. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

A Minority Report on the Proposed Bale Verte Canal. By J. W. Lawrence. 1876. Saint 
John, N. B. : Daily Telegraph Steam Job Print. 1876. [8vo. pp. 45+2. Map.] 

A Quarter Century. The Sermon preached in the Second Presbyterian Church, New- 
ark, N. J., by the Pastor, Joseph Fewsmith, D D., on the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of 
his Installation, Sunday, Dec. 24, 1876. Published by the Congregation. Newark, N. J.: 
A. Stephen Holljrook, Steam Printer, 1877. [8vo. pp. 28.] 

Catalogue of Antique Articles shown in the Centennial Department at the Eighteenth 
Annual Exhibition of the Hingham Agricultural and Horticultural Society, Sept. 27 and 
28,1876. Published by the Society. Joseph Easterbrook, Priater. 1876. [8vo. pp. 23.] 

In Memory of Rev. W. D. Howard, D.D., Pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, 
Pittsburg, Pa Published by a Committee of the Congregation. Pittsburgh: Print- 
ed by Bakewell & Marthens. 1876. [8vo. pp. 67.] 

A Memorial of the Life and Character of Hon. William L. Dayton, late U. S. Minis- 
ter to France. By Joseph P. Bradley, Esq. Prepared in conformity with a Resolution of the 
New Jersey Historical Society. Newark, N. J. : Daily Advertiser Printing House. 1875. 
[8vo. pp. 5iK] 

The Exemption of Church Property from Taxation ; a Paper read before the American 
Statistical Association, Mav 5, 1876. By Hamilton Andrews Hill, a member of the Asso- 
ciation. Boston : A. Williams & Co., 283 Washington Street. 1876. [8vo. pp. 38.] 

Peabody Education Fund. Proceedings of the Trustees at their Annual Meeting, at the 
White Sulphur Springs, Virginia, August 3, i876; with the Annual Report of their Gene- 
ral Agent, Dr. Sears. Cambridge : Press of John Wilson & Son. 1876. [8vo. pp. 35.] 

In Memoriam. A Tribute to the Memory of Rev. J. Metcalf Shaw, Rev. James Shaw, 
D.D., Rev. Marcus Hicks. Cincinnati : A. H. Pounsford.& Co., Printers. 1876. [12mo. 
pp. 40.] 

Fourth Biennial Register of the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States. Compiled by James B. Bell, Recorder. City of Boston, 
July, 1876. [l^ino- PP- 55.] 

A Discourse delivered One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago. By George Weekes, of Har- 
wich, Mass. With a Preface by Sidney Brooks, a Descendant. Cambridge: Press of 
John Wilson & Son. 1876. [12mo. pp. xvi.+24.] 

Address at the Unveiling of the Statue of Daniel Webster in the Central Park, New 
York, 2.5 November, 1876. By Robert C. Winthrop. Boston: Press of John Wilson & 
Son. 1876. [8vo. pp. 14.] 

Memoirs of the State Officers and of the Nineteenth Legislature of Minnesota. By C. L. 
Hall, Saint Paul, February, 1877. Minneapolis : Johnson & Smith, Print. 1877. [8vo. 
pp. 60.] 

Iowa and the Centennial. The State Address, delivered by Hon. C. C. Nourse, at Phila- 
delphia, Thursday, September 7, 1876. Des Moines: Iowa State Register Print. 1876. 
[8vo. pp. 42] 

An Address delivered before '* The Vermont Association of Chicago," Jan. 17, 1877. By 
John Mattocks. Published by order of the Association. Chicago : Beach, Barnard & Co., 
Friuters. 1877. [8vo. pp. 23.] 




^y^l/,^ Qo^J^^e^. 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GEi\EALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JULY, 1877. 



ALEXIS CASWELL, D.D., LL.D., EX-PEESIDENT OF 

BEOWN UNIVERSITY. 

By William Gammell, LL.D., of Providence, R. I. 

THE death of this beloved and honored educator took place 
at his residence in Providence, R. I., on the eighth day of 
January, 1877, at the age of nearly seventy-eight years. He had 
been a member of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society 
since 1870, and was an active promoter of its objects. His high 
character, his honorable success as a teacher of science, and the emi- 
nent positions which he so worthily filled, unite in demanding a some- 
what extended notice of his life and career in the pages of the 
Register. 

Alexis Caswell was a twin son of Samuel and Polly (Seaver) 
Caswell, and was born in Taunton, January 29, 1799. His twin 
brother Alvaris is still living in a vigorous old age in Norton. Before 
the birth of the twins there were born of the same parents one sister 
and three brothers, and one sister and two brothers afterwards. 
The younger sister died in childhood. All the others lived to ma- 
ture age. The oldest brother and the twin brother alone remain. 
The family has resided in Taunton from the first settlement of the 
town. At the date of its incorporation in 1639, the name of Tho- 
mas Caswell appeared in the list of its householders and proprietors. 
Like the other original settlers he probably came from Taunton, 
in Somersetshire, England, and his will was admitted to probate in 
1697, which was undoubtedly the year in which he died. From 
him in the sixth generation the subject of this notice was descended 
in a direct line. His grandfather, Ebenezer Caswell, who was born 
in Taunton, June 30, 1731, married Zebiah White, the great-grand- 
daughter of Peregrine White, who was born on board the May- 
flower while anchored off Cape Cod, Nov. 20, 1620, and who died 
in Marshfield, July 22, 1704. 
•VOL. XXXI. 23 



254 Alexis Caswell, X),D., LL.D, \Z\Aj, 

His ancestors, from the date of their settlement in New England, 
had been owners and tillers of the soil, and, as was to be expected, 
his own early years were devoted to agricultural labors on his fa- 
ther's estate. As manhood approached, he soon formed the pur- 
pose of obtaining a liberal education in order that he might prepare 
for some profession. For this the Academy in his native town 
afforded the facilities which he required. He accordingly, in 1815, 
became a member of this institution, of which the Rev. Simeon Dog- 
gett was at that time the preceptor. In September, 1818, at the 
age of nineteen years, he entered the freshman class in Brown Uni- 
versity. Among his classmates were William Allen Crocker and 
Samuel Leonard Crocker, of Taunton, who had been his fellow 
students at the Academy, and an unusual number of others whose 
names have since been well known to the public. Among them may 
be mentioned the Rev. Benjamin Clarke Cutler, Isaac Davis, Tho- 
mas Kinnicutt, Solomon Lincoln and Jacob Hersey Loud. His 
college life was distinguished for industry, and on his graduation in 
1822 he bore the highest honors of his class, and according to the 
usage, spoke the valedictory addresses at commencement. During 
this period, also, he ex23erienced that moral change which made him 
a genuine and earnest christian man, and which, more than any other 
event, shaped his entire subsequent life. In July, 1820, he became 
a member of the First Baptist Church in Providence, and of that 
church he continued to be a member so long as he lived, every year 
binding him to it by closer ties and more tender associations, till 
his character and influence came at length to be regarded as precious 
treasures by all his brethren. 

Immediately on completing his college residence he accepted an 
appointment as tutor in the institution now known as Columbian 
University, at Washington, D. C, an institution which was then in 
its infancy, having been founded only in the year preceding ; and 
he entered upon his duties there in September, 1822. In the per- 
formance of these duties he spent the ^\q following years. The 
president of the College was the Rev. Dr. Staughton, a Baptist clergy- 
man from England, who had considerable reputation for eloquence 
and learning, and with him Mr. Caswell also studied theology and 
practised the composition of sermons. The years spent at Wash- 
ington were years of earnest work, varied with occasional attend- 
ance on the debates in one or the other house of congress, and with 
vacation excursions into Virginia, to the homes of students who 
resided at the colles^e. In one of these excursions he visited ex-Pi'esi- 
dent Madison, and also ex-President Jefferson, and shared the hos- 
pitalities of each of these venerable men. Public life at Washing- 
ton fifty years ago was invested with an interest for an educated 
young man which it no longer possesses, and the debates in con- 
gress seemed then to have an importance which they have long 
since lost. The time to him passed quickly away, and he always 



1877.] Alexis Caswell, I),I)., LL.D. 255 

looked back upon it as a profitable period of lils life. It undoubt- 
edly created within him the tastes and inclinations which led him to 
the profession that he adopted, and which controlled his subse- 
quent career. 

In the summer of 1827 the finances of the Institution with which 
he was connected became embarrassed, and ^Ir. Caswell with others 
of its instructors withdrew from it. He immediately returned to New 
England in search of employment, intending probably to seek a set- 
tlement as a minister of the gospel. lie was soon invited to visit Hall- 
fax, N. S., where a few families of culture and refinement, who had 
been connected with the established church, were desirous of forming 
a Baptist church and maintaining worship as a separate congrega- 
tion. In this journey he was accompanied by the Rev. Irah Chase, 
D.D., at that time a professor in the Theological Institution at 
Newton, Mass. The church was formed, and the services of Mr. 
Caswell proving acceptable, he was ordained as its minister on the 
7th of October, 1827. Here he spent nearly a year, and here, as 
it proved, he began and ended his settled ministry of the gospel. 
In August, 1828, he received an intimation that his services would 
be required in Providence by the church of which he was a member, 
as assistant to the venerable pastor, the Ivev. Dr. Gano, who had 
become disabled by ill health. He soon returned to Providence, 
Dr. Gano having died before his arrival. AVhile tem]wrarlly sup- 
plying the pulpit of this church, the professorship of ^Mathematics 
and Natural Philosophy in Brown University became vacant by the 
resignation of the Ivev. Alva Woods, D.D., and he was chosen to 
fill the vacant chair. The position was an honorable one, and was 
also in harmony with his intellectual tastes and his previous occu- 
pations. He inunedlately accepted the appointment, and the work 
on which he entered became the work of the remainder of his life. 

He was now once more a resident at the place of his education, 
a professor in the college in which he had spent the years of his 
student life, and with whose history and surroundings he was fami- 
liar. He was in the thirtieth year of his age, and in the full vigor 
of his manly strength. The college, eighteen months before, had 
passed from the presidency of Dr. Messer to that of Dr. AVayland, 
who had brought to its administration great energy of character 
and rare enthusiasm for the work of education. He had established 
a higher standard of instruction and a more exact svstem of disci- 
pline than had before prevailed. The change was so marked that 
it for a time encountered no little opposition. Professor Caswell, 
however, gave to it his hearty support, and entered into the new ar- 
rangement with energy and zeal. His influence beiran immediatelv 
to be felt among those who were under his tuition and care. The 
college was at that time but imperfectly provided either with books 
or with the means of scientific illustration and experiment. Its de- 
partments of instruction were not fully organized, and new sciences 



25G Alexis Caswell, D.D., LL,D. [July, 

liad l)ccn added to its course of study before professors were appoint- 
ed to teach them, lie was always ready to assume any additional 
duties that were required to meet the emergency. In this manner, 
in addition to his own reij:ular work, he at different times taught 
classes in chemistry, in natural history, in ethics and in constitu- 
tional law. The funds of the institution, too, were exceedingly in- 
adequate to its wants, and he was soon enlisted in an enterprise for 
increasing them. In labors like these for the general prosperity of 
the University did he begin his career as a professor, and they were 
but a specimen of those that marked his career to its close. He 
was always self-sacrificing and public spirited, and, wholly beyond 
his special department of instruction, he rendered services of great 
importance to the institution with which he was connected. 

No life is more uniform and quiet than that of a college instructor. 
He is constantly occupied with scientific or literary studies, and with 
the teachin": of classes. He can seldom min^^le in the excitements 
which lie without the sphere in which he lives. Pie has cares and 
annoyances, and, it may be, ambitions, all his own, but they are 
not like those of other men. He has few public relations compared 
with those of other professional men. The rule is now undoubtedly 
far less inflexible than it was fifty years ago, but it has not essen- 
tially changed. Such a life is still comparatively without events, 
and is distinguished mainly by the uniformity of its current. Such 
was it in the case of Professor Caswell. Day succeeded day, and 
year followed year, and still he was at the same work of study and 
of teaching. In 1850 the style of his professorship was changed 
from that of mathematics and natural philosophy to that of mathe- 
matics and astronomy, a j^oi'tion of his former work having been 
assigned to another. Of the science of astronomy he was an as- 
siduous votary, and though he had not the advantages of an ob- 
servatory, yet with such instruments as he had at command, lie was 
constantly scanning the starry heavens and watching the occultations 
and transits which they revealed. He also kept himself carefully 
informed of the progress made in the science, and was in frequent 
corrcs[)ondence with several of its eminent promoters. In 1855 
the presidency of the University becamo vacant by the resignation 
of Dr. Way land, who had filled the oflfice since 1827. Professor Cas- 
well was now the senior member of the faculty, and had rendered im- 
portant services to the University and to the cause of education, and 
it was naturally expected that he would be chosen to fill the vacancy. 
In this expectation he probably shared. Another, however, was 
preferred, on the ground that certain advantages would be secured 
by calling to the position one who had not hitherto been comiectcd 
with the University. The occurrence made no change in his devo- 
tion to its interests. He continued to discharge the duties of his 
professorship without any apparent disappointment, and he gave to 
the new president the same cordial support which he had given to his 
predecessor. 



1877.] Alexis Cas2velU D.D., LL,D, 257 

In 18 GO he went abroad with Mrs. Caswell, and spent a year in 
travelling in Europe. During his absence he made the acquaintance 
of many eminent men of science, visited several of the great ob- 
servatories, and attended the meetings of some of the leading scien- 
tific associations, both of Great Britain and the Continent. Keturn- 
ing in 1861, he resumed his duties and continued them till the 
autumn of 18(33, when he resigned the professorship, after a service 
of thirty-five years. This service had been almost unprecedented in 
duration, and had been in many ways productive of signal advantages 
to the University. He was greatly respected and beloved by the 
scholars whom he taught. His public spirit had aided in promoting 
and securing many improvements, and he had the happiness of seeing 
the institution making constant progress during the period of his 
connection with it — a progress to which his own labors and character 
had largely contributed. The cessation of regular academic occupa- 
tions was of course a very great change in his habits of life. He, 
however, soon supplied their place, and filled up his unaccustomed 
leisure with scientific studies and philanthropic labors of various kinds 
in the community. He had a share in nearly every important en- 
terprise of this character that was undertaken, and he always yielded 
readily to the claims which the higher interests of society are con- 
stantly making on the time and energies of generous-minded 
citizens. He also became actively concerned in the management of 
certain financial corporations with which his interests were connected, 
and was made the president of the National Exchange Bank, and 
also of the American Screw Company, both of which were established 
in Providence. 

In September, 1867, the presidency of the University again be- 
came vacant by the resignation of the Rev. Dr. Sears, who had held 
it for twelve years. No small difiaculty was experienced in obtain- 
ing a successor. An election was made, but it was declined, and 
the vacancy was not finally filled till the following January, when 
Dr. Caswell was chosen president. He was now sixty-nine years of 
age ; but he was in good health, and the duties to which he was 
called were, for the most part, such as he had been familiar with 
during his whole professional life. His occupancy of the position, 
of course, could not be regarded as other than temporary, either by 
himself or by those who elected him. It was deemed a judicious 
arrangement for meeting a somewhat critical emergency in the affairs 
of the University, and he entered upon it with a cheerful confidence 
in his resources. With the office, while he held it, no duties of in- 
struction were connected, in order that his energies might not be 
overtasked. The experiment was not without its risks, and the suc- 
cess in which it resulted aflforded a very gratifying proof not only of 
the facility with which he could resume, at a late period of life, the 
academic labors which he had laid aside, but also of the intellectual 
vigor and the genial spirit which years seemed scarcely to have 
VOL. XXXI. 23* 



258 Alexis Caswell, D.D., LL,D, [July, 

abated. His administration was entirely creditable to him, and his 
venerable character and Ions: services contributed to its success. lie 
withdrew from the office in September, 1872, having held it four 
years and a lialf, and he left tlie University in all respects in a better 
condition than that in Avhich he found it. Its students had become 
more numerous ; its funds had been increased ; a new professorship 
had been established, and an important enlargement had been made 
of its museum of natural history. The years of his presidency, 
added to those during which he was a professor, make the whole 
period of his services in Brown University thirty-nine and a half 
years — a period not equalled, save in a single instance, by any other 
officer of instruction in its entire history. In the year following his 
resignation he was elected a trustee, and two years later he was 
elected a fellow in its corporation, thus continuing his connection 
with its management to the end of his life. 

As appears from the foregoing sketch, the entire active life of Dr. 
Caswell, with the exception of the brief year of his ministry at 
Halifax, was spent in the study and teaching of science, a work 
eminently favorable to the culture of the intellect and the elevation 
of the character. Such a work is, of itself, a contribution to the 
interests of science, for it extends its influence over many minds, 
and trains a multitude of students to be its votaries, its promoters or 
its discoverers. Such may now be found among his pupils, whose 
first aspirations were awakened and encouraged by him. Neither of 
the sciences, however, which he was engaged in teaching was such 
as to invite him, in any special degree, to original researches of his 
own. If astronomy is an exception, it is only with the aid of an 
observatory and the special facilities which it affords, that such re- 
searches can be attempted with advantage. But he was an expert 
mathematician and a thorough expounder of the laws of mechani- 
cal philosophy ; and with the progress of astronomical science he kept 
up a minute acquaintance, and was exceedingly fond of its study. 
For this purpose he maintained a frequent correspondence with those 
who were prosecuting it in circumstances more propitious than his 
own. He was one of the early members of the American Associa- 
tion for the Promotion of Science, and often served on its important 
committees. He was President of this Association for a year, and 
delivered the customary official address at its annual meeting, held 
in Springfield, in 1859. He was also one of those who are named 
in the Act of Congress, approved March 3, 18()3, which created the 
National Academy of Science. At the preliminary meeting of its 
members for organization, held in New York the following April, 
he was made temporary secretary, and also chairman of the commit- 
tee on the plan of organization. When the Academy was organized 
and its members were arrann^cd in sections, he was assiirned to the 
section on astronomy, geography and geodesy. He was also, at the 
43ame meeting, a2)pointcd on a committee, created at the request of 



1877.] Alexis Caswell, i).D., XX.D. 259 

the Navy Department, to report upon certain questions relating to 
the method of preparing and pubHshing charts of winds and currents, 
and also of the sailing directions connected therewith. It was one 
of the objects of the Academy to give advice on questions of science 
when called upon to do so by the government of the United States. 
At the annual meeting held in January, 1866, in accordance with an 
appointment previously made, he read a carefully prepared paper on 
the life and scientific services of the late Professor Benjamin Silliman, 
a member of the Academy, who had died just before the preceding 
annual meeting. Very early in his career as a man of science, he 
began to keep a daily meteorological record, which he continued to 
the end of his life. These records were published every month in 
the Providence Journal, and com[)ilations of them have appeared in 
the volumes of the Smitlisonian Institution. He also, at the invita- 
tion of Professor Henry, the head of that Institution, delivered a 
course of lectures on astronomy in its hall, at Washington, in the 
winter of 1858. 

The published writings of Dr. Caswell are comparatively few, and 
these for the most part are scattered among the transactions of 
learned societies, or the scientific and literary periodicals to which 
they were contributed. He had no fondness for the preparation of 
text-books, though often urged to the undertaking in connection 
with some one of the sciences which he was engaged in teachino*. 
Even the few papers which he published were prepared at the soli- 
citation of the editors of the journals in which they appeared. He 
of course wrote a large number of annual reports, for the University 
and for the various institutions, literary, charitable and relifj-ious, 
with which he was connected, and in which his services were very 
frequently put in requisition for this purpose. He also published 
now and then a discourse prepared for some public occasion. He 
also wrote frequently for the newspaper press, and often discussed 
subjects in a series of articles which w^ere thus presented to the pub- 
lic. Apart from publications of this kind, the following- list con- 
tains all those with which his name is known to be connected : 

Oration before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Brown University 
in 1835. 

Whe well's Bridgewater Treatise, an article in the Christian Re- 
view for June, 1836. 

"The Principle of Emulation" in connection with education, an 
article in the North American Review for October, 1836. 

NichoFs Architecture of the Heavens, an article in the Christian 
Review for December, 1841. 

Four Lectures on Astronomy, delivered at the Smithsonian In- 
stitution in Washington, D. C, in 1858. 

Address at the opening of the session of the American Associa- 
tion for the Promotion of Science, at Springfield, in 1859, 



260 Alexis Caswell, B.D., LL.B. [July, 

Meteorological Observations at Providence, from 1830 to 1860, 
published in the Quarto Series of the Smithsonian Institution, vol. xii. 

Memoir of John Barstow, an article in the Historical and Genea- 
logical Register for October, 1864. 

Memoir of Benjamin Silliman, LL.D., read before the National 
Academy of Science and published in its Annual Volume for 1866. 

Sermon on the Life and Christian Work of the Kev. Francis 
Wayland, D.D., 1868. 

From his character and services as a man of science we turn to 
contemplate him in his relation to the community and to the interests 
of philanthropy and religion. His services here have already been 
incidentally alluded to as signally honorable and useful. His natural 
benevolence vs^as very strong, and this quality of his character was 
heightened by his sense of religious duty to his fellowmen. He was 
interested in every enterprise that was designed to relieve the 
miseries or to elevate the character of the human race, or to bring 
them under the influence of true religion. In him the poor always 
found a friend and a benefactor. A teacher himself, he was a life- 
long promoter of popular, as well as of scientific, education. He 
was also enlisted in the efforts of those who were enofasred in the 
abolition of war, and of those who were laborincc for the benefit of 
the freed men of the South and scarcely less in the improvement of 
their brethren in Africa. Even before his days of leisure began, he 
generously shared in the labors and expenditures of the public chari- 
ties of Providence, and he soon began to give to these charities much 
of his time and attention. His continued connection with the Boards 
of the University has been mentioned, and it did not fail to bring 
with it some special cares and duties. At the organization of the 
Rhode Island Hospital in 1863, he was appointed one of its trustees, 
and after faithfully discharging this trust for twelve years, he was, 
in 1875, chosen president of the Hospital, an office which he contin- 
ued to hold to the end of his life. He performed for this important 
institution a great amount of work, and afforded it much valuable aid 
by his counsels. Such was the estimation in which his services and 
character were held by those who were associated with him in the 
management of the hospital, that a few of his friends have, since his 
death, endowed a free bed within its walls in honor of his memory, 
which is to bear forever the name of " The President Caswell Free 
Bed." He was also, for several years immediately preceding his 
death, one of the inspectors of the State Prison, where he often con- 
ducted religious services on Sundays ; and he was much interested 
in the questions relating to prison discipline, and in the well being of 
those whom this discipline concerns. 

The religious opinions and sentiments of Dr. Caswell were decided 
and earnest, and they blended gracefully with every attribute of his 
character and entered into all the pursuits and scenes of his life. 
Though they were associated with positive articles of faith and united 



1877.] Alexis Caswell, JD.I),, LL.D. 261 

him with a particular branch of the Christian church, they were very 
far from being exclusive or narrow. They were derived rather from 
the Bible than from any school of theology. As was well said of 
him by his recent pastor at his funeral, " His secret life was nourished 
out of profound convictions, out of a perpetual communion with an 
invisible world and a livino^ God. His were not occasional excursions 
into spiritual regions, but a constant walk with God. There was in 
him a beautiful, we may say, an uncommon combination of the spir- 
itualities of a sincere religion with the activities, the interests, the 
joys of life." His religious faith and his scientific conclusions were 
never seriously at variance with each other. He believed that Nature 
and Revelation were alike, in their respective modes, manifestations 
of the character and will of God, and he did not doubt that the 
teachings of the Bible, when rightly interpreted, would prove to be in 
full harmony with the teachings of all true science. His faith in the 
Copernican system was scarcely greater than his faith in the ultimate 
prevalence of Christianity throughout the world. He believed it to 
be designed to become the religion of mankind. He was, therefore, 
an earnest advocate and a liberal promoter of Christian missions, as 
one of the most important agencies for reclaiming and improving 
the human race. He watched their operations and rejoiced in their 
successes in every quarter of the globe. He regarded them as the 
grandest enterprise in Christian history, and as the continuation of 
the work begun by the Apostles at the command of our Lord him- 
self; and he delighted to contemplate their connection with the 
ultimate destiny of man as an immortal being. 

The life of such a man could scarcely fail to be happy. His 
temperament was cheerful and his health almost uniformly good. 
Though in early life he was wholly dependent on his own exertions, 
industry and prudence had secured for him a liberal competence. 
His relations to others were kindly and benignant, and his domestic 
life was singularly fortunate. He bore the trials and sorrows, from 
which no human lot is free, with serene composure and with devout 
submission to the Divine Will. He lived to nearly four score years, 
and yet without seeming to be old. With his faculties scarcely 
dulled by age, with his children and grandchildren around him, he 
received the consideration and respect which are always so readily 
accorded to those who have served well the generation to which they 
belong. He was called to suffer from no wasting disease, from no 
lingering decay of strength. He was withdrawn by only a few days 
of illness from the activities and duties in which he greatly delighted, 
and he died as he had lived, in calm submission to his Heavenly 
Father's will, and with an unfaltering faith in the life and immortality 
which are brought to light in the gospel. 

Dr. Caswell was twice married : first, on May 7, 1830, to Esther 
Lois, daughter of Ebenezer K. Thompson, of Providence, who died 
June 25, 1850 ; second, on January 31, 1855, to Elizabeth Brown, 



262 Memoir of WiUlam llotch. [July, 

daughter of Thomas Edmands, of Newton, Mass., who survives her 
husband. Of the first marriage six children were born, of whom 
three died in January, and three survive their father, viz. : Sarah 
Swoope, wife of James B. Angell, LL.D., president of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan ; Dr. Edward Thompson Caswell, physician of 
Providence, and Tliomas Thompson Caswell, paymaster in the Navy 
of the United States. 



AN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF WILLTAM 

ROTCH. 

"WRITTEN IN THE EIGHTIETH YEAR OF HIS AGE.^ 

Communicated by Frederick C. Sanford, Esq., of Nantucket. 

Memoranda, 

A FRIEND of mine has repeatedly requested me to put on 
paper some of the occurrences of about twenty years of my 
life, from 1775 to 1794, which he had heard me relate in conver- 
sation'. 

When the revolutionary war broke out in 1775, I saw clearly that 
the only line of conduct to be pursued by us, the inhabitants of the 
Island of Nantucket, was to take no part in the contest, and to 
endeavor to give no occasion of offence to either of the contending 
forces. A great portion of the inhabitants were of the denomination of 
Friends, and a large number of the considerate of the other societies 
united in the opinion that our safety was to be found in a state of 
neutrality, as far as it could be obtained, although we had no doubt 
that suffering would be our lot, and which we afterwards experienc- 
ed from both parties. Our situation was rendered more difficult 
from having among us a few restless spirits who had nothing to 
lose, and who were often thwarting our pacific plan and subjecting 
us to dangers, not caring what confusion they brought upon xis^ if 
they could gain something in the scramble. 

My own troubles began soon after the war broke out. In the 
year 1764 I had taken the goods of a merchant in Boston, de- 
ceased and insolvent, who was deeply indebted to me. Among 
these were a number of muskets, some with, others without bayo- 
nets. The Straits of Belleisle opened a new field for the whale 
fishery. There wild fowl were abundant, and my muskets met with 
a ready sale; but whenever guns with bayonets were chosen, I inva- 
riably took that instrument of war from them. The purchaser 

* William Rotcli, an enterprising and sticcossful merchant of Nantucket iind New Bed- 
ford, was born at Nantucket, Oct. 14 0. S. (15 N. 8), 17.'M, and died at New Bedford, 
May i(), 1828. For his l)iogra])hy and geneah)gy, see Kicket^on's " History of Now Bed- 
ford," pp. 108-15. See also *' Nantucket in the Revolution," in the Rkoistkr {ante, xwiii. 
272-8, 43G-12; xxix. 48-5;], 141-5. This autobiography is dated " New Bedford, 2d month, 
1814."— Ed. 



1877.] Memoir of William Botch . 2 63 

would insist on having it, but I as strenuously resisted, and I laid 
them all by. Many years afterward I removed to another store, 
leaving much rubbish in the one I had left. Amongst the rubbish 
were those bayonets, neglected and forgotten until the war com- 
menced, when to my surprise they were brought into view by an 
application made for them by a person from the continent. 

The time had now come to support our testimony against war, 
or forever abandon it. As this very instrument was a severe test, I 
would not hesitate, and therefore promptly denied the applicant. 
My reasons for not furnishing the bayonets were demanded, to 
which I readily answered : " As this instrument is purposely made 
and used for the destruction of mankind, and I cannot put into one 
man's hand to destroy another that which I cannot use myself in the 
same way, I refuse to comply with thy demand." The person left 
me much dissatisfied. Others came and received the same denial. 
It made a great noise in the country, and my life was threatened. 
I would gladly have beaten them into " pruning hooks." As it was, 
I took an early opportunity of throwing them into the sea. 

A short time after, I was called before a committee appointed by 
the court then held at Watertown, near Boston, and questioned, 
among other things, respecting these bayonets. I gave a full ac- 
count of my proceedings, and closed it by saying : "I sank them in 
the bottom of the sea. I did it from principle. I have ever been 
glad that I had done it. If I have done wrong, I am to be pitied." 
The chairman of the committee, one Major Hawley (a worthy 
character) , then addressed the committee and said : " I believe Mr. 
Rotch has given us a candid account of the affair, and every man 
has a right to act consistently with his religious principles, but I am 
sorry we cannot have the bayonets, for we want them very much." 
The Major was desirous of knowing more of our Friends' princi- 
ples, on which I informed him as far as he inquired. One of the 
committee^ in a pert manner observed, " Then your principles are 
passive obedience and non-resistance." I replied, "No, my friend, 
our principles are active obedience or passive suffering." I passed 
through no small trial on account of my bayonets, and the clamor 
long continued against me. 

From the year 1775 to the end of the war, we were in continual 
embarrassments. Our vessels were captured by the English, and 
our small vessels and boats sent to the continent for provisions de- 
nied and sent back empty, under pretence that we supplied the Brit- 
ish, which was without the least foundation. 

Prohibitory laws were often made in consequence of these reports, 
unfounded as they were. By this inhuman conduct we were some- 
times in danger of being starved. One of these laws was founded 
on an information from Gov. Trumbull of Connecticut, who had 
been imposed upon respecting our conduct in supplying the British, 

* Judge Paine. 



264 Memoir of William JRotch, [July, 

I wrote to the Governor on the subject, and laid our distress home 
to him, at the same time that I assured him that nothins: of tliat 
kind had taken place. He was convinced of his error, and was ever 
after very kind in assistinpj us within his jurisdiction. But there 
were so many petty officers, as committees of safety, inspection, &c., 
in all parts, and too many of them chosen much upon the principles 
of Jeroboam's priests, that we were sorely tried and afflicted. 

It was about the year 1778, when tlie current was very strong 
against us in Nantucket, when the vessels we sent after provisions 
were sent back empty, and great suffering for want of food was 
likely to take place, that the people (not Friends) who thought we 
ought to have joined in the war, began to chide and murmur against 
me. They considered me the principal cause that we did not join 
in the war (which I knew was measurably the case) , when we might 
have been plentifully supplied, but now were likely to starve — little 
considering that if we had taken part there was nothing but super- 
natural aid (which he had no reason to expect) that could have 
prevented our destruction . 

Though I had done everything in my power for our preservation, 
this murmuring of the people operated so severely upon my spirits, 
that I was once (a time never to be forgotten) on the point of ask- 
ing that Divine Being who gave me life, that he would take it from 
me, for my affliction seemed more than I could bear ; but sustained 
by that good hand which had so often been my deliverer, after shed- 
ding a flood of tears, my mind was more easy and my spirits revived. 
In the year 1779,^ seven armed vessels and transports with troops 
from Newport came to us, the latter commanded by George Leon- 
ard, an American, as were the troops in general, having joined the 
English. They plundered us of much property, some from me, 
and a considerable amount from one Thomas Jenkins. While they 
were plundering his store, I attempted to pass the guard they had 
set, being desirous to see Leonard and intercede with him to desist, 
but the guard arrested my progress with the bayonet. After some 
time Timothy Folger succeeded in speaking to him, and advised 
him to go off, as the people would not bear it much longer. He 
took the hint and retired much enrao^cd. 

We soon had information that Leonard and company were pre- 
paring a much more formidable expedition against us. Tlie town 
was convened to consult what measures should be taken in this try- 
ing emergency, which resulted in sending Dr. Benjamin Tapper, 
Samuel Starbuck and myself to Newport, and thence if necessary to 
New York, to represent our case to the commander of the army 
and navy. 

[To be continued.] 

^ This was an error in date, which s?hould be 1778. Count D'Estaing, with his fleet, 
an-ivcd off Newport, Aug. 29, 1778. 



1877.] The Virgiiiia Census of 1624=. 265 



A STUDY OF THE VIEGINIA CENSUS OF 1624. 

By the Rev. Edwaiid D. Neill, A.B., President of Macalcster College, Minneapolis, Minn. 

[Continued from p. 153.1 

John Laydon. 

John Laydon, of Elizabeth City, at the time of the taking of 
the census, was the only survivor of the first company of colonists^ 
who left England in December, 1606. He was a passenger in the 
Susan Constant, and came out as a laborer when twenty-six years 
of age. His wife Ann was also alive, who when sixteen years of 
age arrived in Virginia in the ship Mary Margaret, in October, 
1608. Her maiden name was Ann Burras, and she was the first 
female servant in the colony, as her mistress, Mrs. Forest, was the 
first gentlewoman, and both came in the same vessel. Her mar- 
riage also was the first in Virginia. Three daughters, Virginia, 
Alice and Katherine, are enrolled. 

Nathaniel Causey. 

Nathaniel Causey was another of the few surviving old settlers. 
He arrived at Jamestown on April 22, 1608, in the ship Phenix, 
Capt. Nelson. His wife Thomasine arrived in August of the next 
year in the ship Lion, one of the Gates and Somers fleet. At the 
time of the census they were living at Jordan's Journey, and had 
five white servants. 

ViNCENCIO AND BeRNARDO, ITALIANS. 

These two Italians are reported as living at the Glass House, near 
James City. Bernardo had a wife. They formed part of Capt. 
William Norton's glass- workers, who in July, 1621, sailed in the 
ship George. 

In the letter of the Virginia Company, written from London on 
August 21, 1621, and brought over in the Marmaduke, are these 
words : 

In the next place we commend unto your care Capt. Wm. Norton and 
his Italians, together with the rest of his company, to whom we pray you 
to be helpful at his landing. # * ^ ^ \Ye will expect the best help 
and advice, especially in making choice of a healthful place to plant him- 
self in, near to the best inhabited town, either in Charles City or Henrico, 
but by no means lower than James City. ^ =^ =* =* 

The making of beads is one of Capt. Norton's chief employments, which 
being the money you trade with the natives, we would by no means have 
through too much abundance, vilified, or the Virginians at all permitted to 
see or understand the manufacture of them. 

VOL. XXXI. 24 



266 The Virginia Census of 1(j24:, [July, 

The Bon alls and La Guard, Frenchmen. 

Anthony Bonall, eTames Bonall and La Guard, Frenchmen, are 
dwellers at Elizabeth City, near Hampton. These persons arrived 
in 1622, in the "Abigail," to impart information relative to the rais- 
ing of silk. Two of them were related to John Bonoel, or Bonall, 
silk- worm raiser to the King. On October 30th, 1621, Deputy Far- 
rar informed the Virginia Company " of the great pains that Mr. 
Bonnell, the Frenchman, Master of the King's silk- worms at Oat- 
land, had taken in penning a treatise in French concerning the order- 
ing of silk-worms and making of silk, which treatise, that it might be 
of special use to the planters of Virginia, he therefore moved this 
Court would please to recommend it to some, to translate it into 
English, and afterward that it might be prepared, and being ap- 
proved it might be printed ; which the Court assented unto, and 
prayed Mr. Deputy to see it done, and that a good number of the 
said book might be sent into Virginia by the next ship." 

The book was printed at London by Felix Kingston, with the 
title, 

" His Maiesties gracioTis letter to the Earl of Southampton, Treasurer of 
the Virginia Company commanding the present and setting up of Silke 
Workes and Plantino; of Vines in Virginia. Also a Treatise on makincj 
silks by John Bonnoel," etc. 

John Bonnoel was silk-worm raiser to the King. The book is 
supposed to have been translated by a member of the London Com- 
pany, George Ruggle, the talented author of the comedy of " Igno- 
ramus," at the performance of which the sides of beer-guzzling 
Kinof James used to shake with lauojhter. 

In December, 1621, the London Company write to the Virginia 
authorities : 

We have sent a very small quantity of silk worm seed. * * * We 
pray you that these now sent, and those you formerly had, may be improved 
by the most, and the skill of the Frenchmen diffused amongst many, though 
they have not much matter to exercise it in. 

On the 10th of January, 1622-23, the Company again write : 

There is likewise some provisions for the Frenchmen, and the next 
ship shall bring their apparell ; their wages have been paid here to Mr. 
Bonall ; their kind usage, and the instructing and training up of many, in 
the skill and arts, are things we especially recommend to you. 

In the muster of Anthony Bonall for 1625, appears Elias Legar- 
do, aged thirty-eight, the same as La Guard of the census, and two 
other Frenchmen who came out in the Abigail. 

Daniel Gookin. 

At Elizabeth City, now Hampton, arc enrolled the servants of 
Daniel Gookin, the man who was instrumental in increasing and 
improving the stock of cattle. 



1877.] The Virginia Census of UU, 267 

Although a native of Kent, England, he, with his brother Sir 
Vincent Gookin, was a resident near Bandon, county Cork, Ireland. 
On the 2nd of July, 1621, the Deputy Governor of the Virginia 
Company of London sends a letter " from Mr. Gookin of Ireland, 
who desired that a clause in the contract between him and the Com- 
pany touching cattle which he had undertaken to transport to Vir- 
ginia at the rate of eleven pounds the heifer, and she goats at three 
pound, ten shillings apiece, for which he might take any commodi- 
ties in Virginia, at such prices as the Company here had set down ; 
he desired that these words be more clearly explained." 

And to this eifect Mr. Deputy signified that they had drawn a 
letter in the name of the Council and Company unto Mr. Gookin, 
declaring that their interest and meaning was, it should be lawful 
for him and his factors to trade, barter and sell all such commodi- 
ties he shall carry thither, at such rates and prices as he shall think 
good, and for his cattle shall receive either of the Governor or other 
private persons, any of the commodities growing there, at such 
prices as he can agree. 

And lastly, according to Mr. Gookin's request in his said letter, 
they had promised that he should have a patent for a particular 
plantation, as large as that granted to Sir William Newce, and 
should also have liberty to take one hundred hogs out of the forest, 
upon condition that he repay the said number again unto the Com- 
pany, within the term of seven years, provided that he use them 
for breed and increase, and not for present slaughter. 

The authorities in Virginia were on August 12, 1621, instructed 
as follows : "Let him have very good tobacco for his cows, now at 
Lis first voyage, for if he makes a good return, it may be the occa- 
sion of a trade with you from those parts, whereby you may be 
abundantly supplied, not only with cattle, but with most of those 
commodities you want at better and easier rate." 

The master of the ship " Flying Hart " was Cornelius John- 
son, of Horn, in Holland, and in November he safely landed 
Gookin's cattle in Virginia. Governor Wyatt writes : " There ar- 
rived here about the 22d of November a ship from Mr. Gookin, out 
of Ireland, wholly upon his own adventure, without any relation 
at all to his contract with you in England, which was so well fur- 
nished with all sorts of provision, as well as with cattle, as we could 
wish all men would follow the example. He hath also brought with 
him about fifty men upon that adventure, besides thirty other pas- 
sengers. We have according to their desire, seated them at New- 
port's News, and we do conceive great hope if the Irish plantation 
prosper, that from Ireland great multitude of people will be likely 
to come hither." 

Gookin remained in Virginia during the winter of 1621-22, acted 
the part of a brave man at the time of the great massacre by the 
Indians, and in July, in the ship " Sea Flower," returned to Eng- 



268 The Virginia Census of 1^2^. [July, 

land with the sad news. The next 3^ear he arrived in the colony in 
the ship "Providence." Gov. Wyatt, on April 7, 1623, writes: 
" A ship has lately arrived for Mr. Gookin, with forty men and 
thirty passengers." 

His son Daniel, at this time only eleven years of age, became a 
distinguished man. In 1642, Daniel, Jr., resided in Xansemond 
Parish, and with others applied to the Massachusetts churches for a 
Puritan minister. Offending Gov. Berkeley by his non-conformist 
tendencies, he removed to Boston and became superintendent of 
Indian affairs, and the intimate friend of John Eliot tlie Indian 
missionary. He OAvned a plantation on South Kiver, Ann Arundel 
County, Maryland. 

During the last week of July, 1653, four Piscataway Indians 
"entered," said Ilatton, the attorney-general of Maryland, "into the 
house of Capt. Daniel Gookin, in tlie County of Ann Arundel, 
within this Province of Maryland, and then and there in a most 
barbarous, cruel and felonious manner, murdered one elacob War- 
rone, a negro, servant of the said Capt. Gookin, and a child of said 
negroes about seven years of age, and grievously w^ounded the said 
negroe's wdfe, leaving her for dead." 

Two of the party, Skigtanmough and Counaweza, were tried in 
September, at Saint Mary, found guilty, and executed the day they 
were sentenced. 

Daniel Gookin, Jr.'s tombstone, at Cambridge, Mass., states 
that on the 19th March, 1686-87, he departed this life. 

[For the genealogy of the Gookin family, see Register, i. 345- 
52 ; ii. 167-74; and Paige's History of Cambridge, pp. 563-6. — 
Editor.] 

Dr. John Pott. 

John Pott, A.M., M.D., physician for the colony, arrived with 
his wife Elizabeth in October, 1621, in the ship George. He was 
appointed on the recommendation of Dr. Theodore Gulston, the 
founder of the Gulstonian lectureship of anatomy, still maintained 
by the London College of Physicians. 

The minutes of the Virginia Company, under date of July 16, 
1621, contain the following statement : 

For so much as the physician's place to tlie Company was now become 
void by reason of the untimely deatli of Dr. Bohune, slain in the iight 
with two Spanish Ships of War on the lOtli of IMarch last, Doctor (Jul- 
stone (lid now take occasion to recommend unto the Company, for the 
said place, one Mr. Potts, a Master of Arts, and as he aflu-med well prac- 
tised in chiruFijory and physic, and expert also in distilling of waters, and 
that he had many other ingenious devises, so as he supposed, his service 
would he of great use unto the Colony in Virginia, hut prayed that where- 
as Dr. P>ohune was tied hy his contract, to supply such of his tenants as 
died after the first year, at his own charge, that ^Ir. Pott might be released 



1877.] Ths Virgi7iia Census of l^2L 269 

of that covenant, being too strict, and overhard as he supposed ; but it was 
answered, it was not in the power of any other but a Quarter Court to re- 
verse or alter the same, but should always find the Company in all things 
very reasonable to all well deserving men. And therefore if Mr. Pott 
would accept of the place, upon the same conditions as Dr. Bohune did, he 
should be entertained, and for his better content, should be specially recom- 
mended to the Governor, to be well accommodated, and should have a chest 
of physic of 201b charge unto the Company, and all things thereunto ap- 
pertaining, together with 101b in books of physic, which should always 
belong unto the Company, which chest of physic and books Dr. Gulstone 
was desired to buy. 

And seeing he intended to carry over with him his wife, a man and a 
maid, they should have him transported free. 

With Dr. Pott came two other chirurgeons. He was made a 
member of the Council under Gov. Francis Wyatt. In 1629, West 
having gone to England, Pott acted as governor until Harvey's ar- 
rival. Pott was then arraigned for pardoning Edward Wallis, 
condemned for murder and appropriating cattle. He was found 
guilty and confined to his plantation atHarrope, now Williamsburg, 
until the King's pleasure could be ascertained. Gov. Harvey for- 
warded the recommendation of the Council for his pardon, and Mrs. 
Pott crossed the sea and pleaded her husband's cause, alleging there 
was no proof to justify the harsh proceedings toward him. The 
commissioners to whom the petition was referred, reported to the 
King that " condemning him for felony was very rigorous, if not 
erroneous," and recommended that he should be restored to liberty 
and his estate, and the practice of his profession. 

Upon Pott's restoration he manifested no friendship toward Gov. 
Harvey, and in May, 1635, was one of those who compelled the 
governor to go to England. 

Capt. William Epps. 

The name of William Epps is the first in the list of the inhabi- 
tants of the Eastern Shore. He came to Virginia in 1619, a pas- 
senger of the ship " William and Thomas." His wife Margaret 
came in 1621, in the " George." He became somewhat notorious 
from having killed Edward Rowcroft alias Stallenge, in a quarrel. 
Among the manuscript records in the Library of Congress, is the 
following warrant from Gov. Francis Wyatt : 

Whereas, it is ordered by the Governor and Council that Mr. Bolton, 
Minister, shall receive for his salary, this year, throughout all the planta- 
tions at the Eastern Shore, ten pounds of tobacco, and one bushel of corn 
for every planter and tradesman above the age of sixteen years, alive at 
the crop. 

These are to require Capt. William Eps, commander of the said plan- 
tation to raise the said ten pounds of tobacco, and one bushel of corn, to be 
levied accordingly throughout all the said plantations, charging all persons 
there residing to yield ready obedience, and to be aiding and assisting unto 
VOL. XXXI. 24* 



270 The Virginia Census of 1^2^. [July, 

the said Capt. "William Eps, in the execution of the warrant, as they will 
answer at their peril. Given at James City, November 21, 1623. 

Eev. Mr. Bolton. 

The London Company's Transactions for the 10th of July, 1621, 
say : " Upon the llight Honorable the Earl of Southampton's re- 
commendations of Mr. Bolton, Minister, for his honesty and suffi- 
ciency of learning, and to undertake the care and charge of the min- 
istry, the Company have been pleased to entertain him for their 
minister, in some vacant place in Virginia, and have therefore re- 
ferred him to the Committee to be treated and concluded with touch- 
ing his allovrance and seated where they shall think fit and most 
convenient for him." 

He sailed with Gov. Wyatt, Dr. Pott, Christopher Davison the 
Secretary, and others, in the ship George, and arrived in Virginia 
in October. 

The Company, in their letter to the Council at Jamestown, w^rite : 
"We have likewise sent to you two sufficient preachers, Mr. Haut 
Wyatt who is to be preacher to the Governor's tenants, and Mr. 
Bolton whom we have consiorned to Elizabeth Citv, to inhabit with 
Capt. Thomas Nuce, to whom we recommend him, understanding 
that Mr. Stockton is otherwise stated." 

Jonas Stockton had arrived the year before, and for a period he 
preached at Henrico and Bermuda Hundred. Rev. George Keith, 
who came in 1617, was living at Elizabeth City when Bolton ar- 
rived, and probably on that account he was assigned to the planta- 
tions of Accomac. 

He appears to have died or left the country before the census was 
taken in February, 1623-4. 

George Newce. 

George Newce, or Nuce, was the only one of that name at Eliza- 
beth City when the census was taken. 

Sir William Ncwce, of Bandon, co. Cork, Ireland, who had been 
the neighbor of Daniel Gookin, on April 12, 1621, offisrcd to trans- 
port, before midsummer of 1625, two thousand persons to Virginia. 
The services of such a man were highly appreciated by the London 
Company. With Sir George Carew he had served in Ireland 
against the Spaniards at the famous siege of Kinsale. After the 
country was quieted , with others he settled on what Spenser called 

" The pleasant Bandon, crowned with many a wood." 

His lease was obtained from Sir Bernard Grcnville, and he deter- 
mined to build a town in the centre of his estate, and call it JN^ewcc- 
town, but was diverted by the following occurrence. AVhile mea- 
suring the ground, he put his foot upon the end of the line and said 
to an assistant, "Here will be the end of this street." A rude L-ish 



1877.] The Virginia Census of IQ2L 271 

chief at that moment stepping up, with fierceness said, " May you 
end there yourself, too." 

This determined him to come down to the edge of the stream and 
commence a hamlet directly opposite the town of " honest and plain 
dealing. Master Beecher," another English settler. The celebrated 
Bardon Bridge was built, and thus a community of interest was 
established between the settlement of Henry Beecher and AYilliam 
Newce. The " wild Irish " were not permitted to dwell among 
them, and it was arranged "that every inhabiter there should have 
as much libertie as a free holder in England." And permission 
was also made for a learned preacher and a free school. After just 
such a model the Puritans of Massachusetts, a few years later, or- 
ganized themselves. 

Bandon was incorporated as a town in 1613, and William Newce 
was the first Provost or Mayor, and the inhabitants chiefly English 
Puritans. In 1620 tlie first court was held at this place, and a 
Mr. Newce furnished a sheep, and Mr. Gookin a cook for three 
days, in entertaining the judges. 

Under date of May 2, 1621, there is the following entry in the 
transactions of the London Company : " Proceeding to the eleccon 
of Marshall, for so much as Captain e William Newce was onely pro- 
posed to stand to the eleccon, and to be put to the Balloting Box, 
was bv the same chosen with a o^enerall consent (saue of three balls 
onely found in the negative boxes) to be Marshall of Virginia." 

His residence in Virginia was soon terminated. Arriving in 
1622, he did not survive above two days the reading of his patent. 
He brought with him very few people, sickly, ragged, and alto- 
gether without provision. His sudden death and great debt left his 
estate much entanijled. 

On May 17th, 1620, George Thorpe and Thomas Newce were 
appointed deputies of the Company's lands in Virginia, and for the 
entertainment of Newce and his successors as deputy, it was ordered 
that 1200 acres should be assigned, 600 at Elizabeth City, 400 at 
Charles City, 100 at Henrico, and 100 at James City. The next 
month he was made a councillor. The London Company unite on 
the 25th of July, 1621, to the Council in Virginia : 

The vessels of the earth you sent, we have not received, when trial is 
made, you shall hear from us. And we pray you all in general that such 
extraordinary ore or earth as you find, send us over in plenty, for that 
which was sent by your Capt. [Tho's] Newce, was in so small proportion 
as we would hardly make any trial thereof. We conceive it to be Terra 
Lemnia, and it is exceedingly good for the flux ; we desire you therefore 
Captain Newce to send us over three or four ton of said white earth. * * * 

We have sent a ship of cattle from Ireland, whereof we desire that 
Capt. Newce first, be served with his promised part. 

Deputy Thomas Newce did not long survive Sir William. On 
August 6, 1623, the step-father of the holy poet George Herbert, 



272 The Powder-Mill in Canton. [Jiily? 

Sir John Dan vers, acquainted the London Company tliat he had 
received a letter from Mrs. Newcc, the wife of Deputy Newce, de- 
ceased in Virginia, requesting that in regard of her great hjss "and 
left desolate and comfortless in a strange Country, far from all her 
friends, she might still enjoy the use of the tenant's labor, until a 
successor was appointed." 

Nicholas Ferrar also signified that he had received a letter from 
Virginia, "commending much the Gentlewoman's good carriage and 
charity to divers in the country." 

[To be continued.] 



THE POWDER-MILL IN CANTON. 

By D. T. V. HUNTOON, Esq., of Canton, Mass. 

FORGE POND lies in a north-easterly direction from the village of 
South Canton. It receives its supply of water from Mashapog 
brook, the confluence of Beaver and Steep brooks on the south and Pe- 
quit brook on the north. The outlet to this pond is near the main street of 
the village, not far from the Mashapog House. This outflowing stream 
was known to the Indians as a portion of Mashapog brook. The early 
settlers called it " Saw Mill River," and on the modern maps it bears the 
name of the " East Branch of the Neponset River." It is not a long 
stream ; not more than two miles from its starting point, it joins the Ne- 
ponset River in the Fowl Meadows. The water, as it rushes along, fur- 
nishes to-day the motive power for the Kinsley Iron and Machine Com- 
pany, the Revere Copper Company and the Neponset Cotton Factory. 

The early settlers of Canton saw in this brook a greater capability for 
usefulness than ever the poor Indian dreamed of. They purchased from 
him all the rights he claimed to have in the water and the river bed, and 
they resolved that henceforward the stream should be utilized. Near the 
close of the seventeenth century a saw-mill was built upon its banks, a 
few years afterward a grist-mill, and then a powdci'-mill was erected. Of 
this powder-mill and its successor we propose to give an account. 

In order to do this it will be necessary for us to go back to the year 1673. 
On the twenty-second of August of that year we And the Rev. John Oxen- 
bridge, pastor, and the Rev. James Allen, teacher, of the First Church in 
Boston, with Robert Sanderson, one of the deacons of the church, entering 
into a partnership which savors more of things temporal than spiritual, for 
havinf joined with Capt. John Hull and Freegrace Bendall, both engaged 
in trade in Boston, these worthies purchased a piece of land for the pur- 
pose of erecting a powder-mill. Two years after they take in, among 
other partners, Mr. John Wiswall, Sen., who was possibly the flrst white 
man who ever lived in what is now the town of Canton. These gentlemen 
entered into a sort of stock comjjany, organized for the special purpose of 
*' erectin<' a building, and improving a powder-mill at Neponset in the town- 
ship of Milton." 

This mill was situated just above the bridge that crosses the Neponset 
River in Milton, and was on the Milton side of the river ; but the watch- 



1877.] The Powder-Mill in Canton, 273 

house, which was of stone, and the house occupied by the workmen were 
on the northerly side of the river, in what is now known as Ward XXIV. 
of the city of Boston. The company appointed one Walter Everendou (now 
Everton), a Kentish man, as overseer. In less than three months from 
the commencement of the enterprise the work had been so vigorously pro- 
secuted, that the General Court, considering the danger of the destruction 
of the buildings by fire, or otherwise, from King Philip during the time 
of his war, order that a constant watch be kept at " Unkety " for the 
preservation of the powder-mill, and the grist-mill which was in its imme- 
diate vicinity, and watchmen were appointed to look after them. The Gene- 
ral Court also signified its interest in the undertaking, by allowing the pro- 
prietors, who were about to erect a stone watch-house, authority "to repair 
to any magistrate by the law empowered to give warrants, to impress work- 
men to carry on public works, of which sort, this is." 

In 1701, Walter Everendon bought out Joseph Wiswall's interest in the 
concern, and from time to time purchased the interests of others, so that in 
1722 Everendon and Israel Howe owned all the property, and divided it, 
Everendon taking all on the Dorchester side of the river. In 1724 Howe 
retired from the business, and Walter Everendon, having been in the busi- 
ness for nearly half a century, sold out to his son Benjamin, and the fol- 
lowing year was gathered unto his fathers. In 1744 the original mill, on 
the Milton side of the river, blew up. Benjamin Everendon continued 
the business of manufacturing powder on the Dorchester side of the river 
until 1749, possibly until 1757, when he sold out and removed to Stough- 
ton (now Canton). 

The Neponset Cotton Factory, a large stone building erected in 1824, 
is easily seen from the viaduct of the Boston & Providence Railroad in 
Canton. It occupies the last water privilege on the easterly branch of the 
Neponset River. In 1717, the very spot now occupied by this corporation 
was selected by a company of gentlemen as a suitable place whereon to 
erect a mill for the smelting of iron ore. It consisted of Edmund 
Quincy of Braintree (Quincy), John White of Boston, Standfast Foster, 
Samuel Paul, Thomas Tileston, Ebenezer Maudsley (Mosely), Ebenezer 
Jones and Robert Royall. 

From the ninth lot in the " Twelve Divisions " originally laid out by the 
town of Dorchester (of which Canton, with other towns, was, at the time 
of which we are writing, the South Precinct) they purchased two acres of 
land lying upon the stream before mentioned, and here in connection with 
Timothy Jones, the owner of the property, they built a dam and erected 
buildings suitable for extracting pure iron ore. These works were continued 
for some time, but the cost of procuring iron in this manner was so great that 
the business was discontinued, the buildings unused and finally utterly de- 
molished. Mr. Everendon's attention was called to the fact that an excel- 
lent mill privilege at Stoughton was for sale at a low price. He purchased 
in 1749 from the heirs of Ebenezer Maudsley, a seven-eighth part, and in 
1753 of Timothy Jones one-eighth part, of what was then known as "Ye 
old Iron Works ; " and he also procured about two acres of land adjoining 
the site of the former works, all lying upon the southerly side of the stream. 
Here he erected buildings suitable for the purpose of manufacturing pow- 
der. He also erected, as he had done at Milton, a grist-mill, and before 
the year 1753 the buildings were completed and the works in running order, 
and so continued until the time of his death, which occurred in 1766. Nor 
is it probable that the manufacture of powder at these mills then ceased, 



274 The JPowder-Mill in Canton. [July, 

for Benjamin Everendon, by his will, devised his powder and corn mills, 
with the jirivilcge of the stream, to his son Abijah Everendon. It is proba- 
ble that the works were discontinued before the breaking out of the Revo- 
lutionary war, but we are unable to ascertain the exact time. In speaking 
of the estate as it existed in 1784, it being then the property of Thomas 
Everendon, grandson of Benjamin and great-grandson of Walter, the Hon. 
Elijah Dunbar says, "There was no mill then standing on the spot." With- 
out doubt the buildings were removed from their original sites and convert- 
ed to other uses. 

The year 1775 dawns ; the dark clouds of strife are gathering over the 
land ; prudence demands that some preparation must be made for ammuni- 
tion as well as for soldiers to meet the exigencies of the approaching contest. 
The first and most important duty would seem to be to procure an ample 
supply of powder. 

In 1774 the town of Canton (then Stoughton) had been selected as the 
most fitting place to assemble the Suffolk County Congress, because it was a 
retired place, remote from the busy world, yet within easy access of Boston. 
The same reasons undoubtedly influenced those at the head of affairs two 
years afterward in selecting this town as the most suitable i)lace to com- 
mence the manufacture of powder ; moreover, the distance from the sea 
was great enough to render it safe from the attacks of an enemy landing on 
the coast, and yet near enough to render transportation easy. But over 
and above all these advantages, the town of Canton possessed skilled work- 
men who understood the manufacture of powder, and who had been long 
engaged in the business. * The Everendon family, powder-makers for gen- 
erations, were still resident here, and were designated on legal documents 
as " powder-makers " by vocation. These considerations undoubtedly in- 
fluenced the government in a great measure in determining the location of 
the mill. But the immediate cause was probably an anonymous letter re- 
ceived by Dr. Joseph Warren, to which, in the light of subsequent events^ 
it would appear he paid some attention. The letter is as follows : 

May 31, 1775. 

Sir, 

1 shall just take the liberty to give you a friendly line, which I have often 
mentioned in conversation, but perhaps it will arrive so lute, as to merit no higher 
honor than just to light your pipe. * * » * * 

There is now living, or rather pining in poverty, one Everton in Stoughton that 
by proper encouragement mi<rht at this day become a most useful member of i^ociety. 
He perfectly understands making gunpowder, and reviving that which is damaged, 
and he is the only one in the Province that has the practical skill. What pity the 
art should die with him. But what am I about ! Sat verl)am, ifec. 

A True Son of Liberty. 
To Dr. Joseph Warren, 

President of the Congress at Watertown. 

The November following the receipt of this letter, the contents of whicl 
without doubt Gen. Warren had conmiunicated to parties interested, the 
House of Representatives appointed a committee to consider a proper place 
to erect a powder-mill. The committee were authorized in December " tc 
purchase the remains of a j)owder-mill in the town of Stoughton, with so 
much of the land and stream as may be sutlicient to prepare said mill for 
the manufacture of powder." This vote was subsecjuently reconsidered 
and the committee appointinl to visit Andover, Sutton and Stoughton, tc 
take a view of the place in each of the towns where it was proposed tc 



1877.] The Powder-Mill in Canton, 275 

erect the mill. The town of Stous^hton was considered to have the most 
advantages, but the colonial government did not deem it best to purchase 
the property which had formerly been occupied by the Everendons, but 
bought the privilege on the same stream next above. This site was owned 
by one Samuel Briggs and his son, who on the twentieth of February, 
1776, conveyed about three quarters of an acre and fifteen rods of land, part 
upland, part mill-pond, to the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, the consider- 
ation being £100 ; and the grantors agree not to damage any water works 
that may be built by the colony. This land was near the house occupied 
by the late Joseph Warren Revere, and still in the possession of that fam- 
ily. On the nineteenth of January, 1776, the House of Representatives 
ordered the committee appointed to erect the powder-mill for the use of the 
Colony, " to commence the building of the mill at Stoughton, and to exert 
themselves to hurry on this important and necessary business without de- 
lay," and cause the same to be constructed in such manner as shall appear 
to them most advantageous. 

The building of the mill was begun in February, 1776, and in May 
everything was ready to commence operations. The building where the 
powder was stored was protected hj a high post and rail fence, behind 
which, night and day, guards were posted, with positive orders from the 
government " to fire upon any persons who shall attempt, upon being three 
times forbid, by such guards to enter the said lines." 

So successful was the enterprise that in the September following, 37,962 
lbs. of powder and 34,155 lbs. of saltpetre were in the storehouse of Maj. 
Crane ; and during the first three years of the war the Canton Powder- 
Mill furnished the greater part of the powder that was used by the provin- 
cial army. A writer of the time says that "not only was a large quantity 
of gunpowder manufactured at this mill, but that it was of an excellent 
quality, made from saltpetre the product of the towns in the vicinity." 
Upon a requisition from the board of war, the powder was placed in wa- 
gons, and under the protection of a guard stealthily by night conveyed over 
the rough roads to its destination, and distributed as the military necessities 
of the army demanded. On Sept. 12, 1776, three hundred and fifty pounds 
were sent on board the schooner "Langdon." During the years 1777-8-9, 
7600 pounds were used on the continental frigate, "The Boston." Forty 
barrels, containing one hundred pounds each, were sent, on Oct. 20, 1777, to 
" the Castle," for which Paul Revere, the commanding officer at the time, 
gives his receipt to Maj. Crane. Large quantities were also at various 
times delivered at the Castle and at the powder-house in Boston. 

On the first of March, 1779, the General Court passed a resolve, that a 
committee consisting of George Partridge, Lemuel Kollock and Samuel 
Phillips, should have power to sell by auction, or private sale, the powder- 
mill at Canton, with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging. They fur- 
ther instructed their committee that an express condition should be made 
with the purchaser or his successor, that during the succeeding four years 
he should be obliged to manufacture for the state all the gunpowder that 
the General Court shall from time to time order to be made, provided the 
quantity is not greater than the capacity of the mill. The state was to 
furnish the materials, but the owner was to be at the expense of procuring 
sulphur and coals. The compensation the owner was to receive for his 
powder was " as much per pound as shall be equivalent to what eight 
pence was at the time the mill first began to work." 



276 The Poioder-Mlll in Canton, [July, 

On tlie seventeenth of April following, the gentlemen before named, 
acting by authority from the State of Massachusetts Bay, convey the land 
and mill-pond with stream of water, the powder-mill, together with all the 
utensils of whatever kind that have been purchased by the state for the 
accommodation of the powder-mill, to Samuel Osgood, of Andover, he pay- 
ing in consideration thereof the sum of £3200. 

Major Thomas Crane previously referred to, who was appointed May 9, 
1776, to carry on the manufacture of powder at the colony mill at Stough- 
ton, and " employ such skilful persons as manufacturers as may be suffi- 
cient for the purpose," was a distinguished citizen of the town in the days 
of the llevolution, and was ever active and vigilant in the cause of the 
patriots. When the demands of the mill upon his time were not impera- 
tive, it was his custom to go about from house to house soliciting clothing 
and money for the continental soldiers. His manner is said to have been 
so impressive, and his persistency so great, that many who had never been 
known to give a penny for the good cause, deposited with him their con- 
tributions. A favorite remark of his when soliciting subscriptions was, 
" My friend, the child Independence is about to be born ; be liberal, and 
give him an easy delivery." 

On the thirty-first of October, 1779, the powder-mill at Canton was 
blown into atoms. 

The large stones which had been used to grind the powder were carried 
to the grist-mill afterwards owned by Maj.-Gen. Richard Gridley, and 
standing near where the old Bay Road crosses Mashapog brook, opposite 
to what is now the factory of the American Net and Twine Company. 
Within the memory of those now living, these stones have been used for 
the purpose of grinding corn. 

From the ownership of Osgood, the old powder-mill property passed into 
the possession of Samuel Phillips, of Andover, who deeded it, in 1792, to 
Quaker Leonard and Adam Kinsley, ironmongers ; but this time the des- 
cription is changed, and in place of " a powder-mill " we find " the remains 
of a powder-mill standing thereon." 

On the fourteenth of March, 1801, Col. Paul Revere, of revolutionary 
fame, purchased the property and other real estate in its immediate vicinity. 
Upon the ground there were then standing a dwelling-house, trip-hammer 
shop and " cole " house. Col. Revere soon began to erect new buildings 
and refit the old. From this time forward until his death, the gallant pat- 
riot was a resident of Canton during the summer months, and was ever 
active in promoting the best interests of the town. By his diligence and 
perseverance he laid the foundation of a large business, which has been suc- 
cessfully continued by his son and grandson to the present day, and which 
bears his honored name. 

As in the days of the Revolution the old powder-mill manufactured pow- 
der for the supi)ly of the army, so in these latter days, upon almost the same 
site, the Revere Copper Company turned out brass field pieces for the use 
of the artillery durhig the late war. 



1877.] Immigrants from Jersey, 211 



DOCUMENTS EELATING TO IMMIGEANTS FEOM 

JERSEY. 

No. I. 
Papers in the Case of Masury vs, English. 



T 



Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.B., Salem, Mass. 

HE following documents are on file among the Essex Co. Court 
Papers, Book 27, Leaf 26, &c. 

Warrant to Henry Skerry, Marshall of Salem, or his deputy, to attach 
the goods & for want thereof the body of Phillip English, and take bond of 
him to the value of twenty pounds with sufficient security for his appear- 
ance at the next County Court held at Salem the last Tuseday of this month 
to answer the complaint of James Browne aturney to Benjamiu Mazure 
in an action of the case, for his pfideus and falatious act, in demaunding 
seuen pounds of Benjamin masure, for the passage of Jane masure, his 
sister, & arestining of the said Benjamin for the said suiiie, & holding of the 
said plaintife a prissouer and at last the said mazure was forst for want of 
sureties to compound with the sd English to give him a bill, which is now 
sued for, and now it doth appeere that the aboue said Jane mazure was the 
said Englishes seruant, and was to remain his seruant till her passage was 
paid, and therefore it was a cheate, after the death of the said seruant to 
demaund her passage of her Brother, which is to the pits great damage, 
and heare of make returne, dated 5: 9ber 1677: 

The testimony of Philip legroo. Aged sixteen yeeres or thereabouts, tes-- 
tifyeth that when Jane margery came aboard our ketch, I asked her why 
she came to new england she tould me that her brother Benjamin margery 
had sent to her to come, and that he would pay for her passage shee further 
tould that shee went to my fathers house to meete with m^ Philip English 
and there did speake with him, and agreed for her passage seuen pounds to 
be payed by her brother, and that she showed his letter (wherein he en- 
gaged to pay her passage) to the sayd m^ english and upon that she was 
admitted aboord the vessel. Sworne in Court at Salem 27: 9: 77 

The Deposition of John maseure agede 19 years ore theireabouts — This 
deponant testifieth and saith that he hurde his ffather in Jersey say that he 
had bound Jeane masere sister to bingamin masere a saruant to Phillep 
English then bound to new-england also this deponant testifieth being in 
the same uessel, at sea : that he hirde y^ said English then master say that 
y^ aboue saide maide was his saruant allso saith that he sawe phillepes sar- 
uant-maides weare y^ abouesaid dede maides cloathes and ffurther saith not. 
Taken upon oath 1: 9 mo: 77 

The testymony of Peeter Britton aged eighteen yeares saith that he being 
a passenger with m*" Phillip English from Jerzey heard Benjamin Marzeu- 
rys sister which died on Bord the sd m'" English ketch say that shee should 
be free when shee came to new england for her Brother had sent her a Let- 
ter to come to him and he would pay for her passage this shee said when 
shee first came on Bord and before shee was taken sick : and further saith 
not. Taken upon oath 8: 9 mo: 77: 
VOL. XXXI. 25 



278 Immigrants from Jersey. [July, 

The deposition of ellener Laroke aged about 15 yeeres: 
Tliis deponant testyfycth and saith that being seruant to m'" pliillip ingles 
cornin from Jersey Jane Mazary sester to benjamin mazary was with us 
a comming to nue Inglang in the same uesell the saide Jane mazary dyed at 
sae and after she was dead the saide ingles gafe me a wascote that was 
Jane Mazaryes and furder saith not. 

Sworne in court at Salem 27 9 77 

Mary Pary aged aboute 17 yeares testifyeth 

That shee being In Jarsay at the house of Philipe Lagroue with M' 
Pliilipe English to haue my Indentures made Jane Mesure broug a letter 
to m'" English which shee saide shee Reed: from her brother In New eng- 
land whose Name was Beinamin Mesure which Letter was Read By m' 
English and another man there which wordes I Rember theay Read that 
If his sister would come to New england he would paye for her pasage soe 
her unckell and shee agreed that m'^ English should haue seuen pounds for 
her pasage but if her Brother was Dead before shee came to New england 
that then shee was to same m^ English six yeare and further saith not 

And further I testifye that being one of those that tended upon her in 
the time of her sicknesse she did desire that those that had tended upon 
her during her sicknesse, might haue what was left in her chest of her 
cloathes, and then gaue the key to me, that we, that tended her might share 
them amongst us, and in my Judgment they were not all worth twenty 
shillings. 27: 9: 77 

The deposition of Richard Harris aged 27 yeares or there about 
Saith that y^ maid, w*^'^ dyed at sea w*^^ was sist^ to Benjamin Majere I 
heard Phillip english say, aff^ she was dead, that she was his servant & itt 
was his losse, yet saith he I heere of a letter : w^'^ her Brother sent for 
her to Jersey & therefore I will try for one halfe of her pasadge saith he, 
and he further testyfyeth that he saw Phillip English devide her cloths 
amonge y*^ rest of his servant maidens & further saith not 1: 9 mo: 77. 

The deposition of Ezekiel Cheever Aged 22 years testifieth and sayeth 
that I being at worke in my shope on a lecture day the latter end of this 
summer John Tuckerman of Boston with two strangers came to my shope 
and delivered me 6 letters or their abouts and desired me to deliver them 
unto the parties to whom they were sent and I told them I knew them not ; 
but my Landlord was a jersieman and I would deliver them unto him which 
accordingly I did. I could not read the superscription of them for they 
were french but I heard my Landlord say that one of them was for Benja- 
min Mergere, and further sayeth not 27: 9: 77 

Mary Morel aged about 30 years testyfyeth and saith that about some 
tyme in agust last that thomas uelley came to my house with a boute sixe 
Letters to hafe me Read the superscrepshon wlioe they ware toe, and this 
Letter to beinjamen mazare was one which I then brocke up ye sell and 
can testyfy it is the same and farder saith not 27: 9: 77 

escrite le 28 iour de mar 1677 Au nom de dieu se soit mon frere ben- 
ieumin ces deux petis mos sont pour vous faire savoir de ma bonne saute 
grace a dieu ie pries dieu quel en soit ainsi de vous tons nos bons amis de 
Jerze sont en bonne sante grace a dieu les quels se recommande bien a vous 
en prians dieu quil vous soit bien et a vos frere en general es quels vous 
freres mes humble baise mains en leur declarant le desir que iay de leur 
prosperite prians dieu iouruellement pour eux pour vostre seur Jenne elle 



1877.] Barnstable Family Names. 279 

setoit loues a philipe lenglois a mon apcence de quoy ie fut marries mais 
ik falut quelle senbarquas moy envoyans cela ie lasiste for bien de toute 
sorte de harde pour leiitretiea de son corps et luy bailie uu cofre de dens 
lequel ie mis plusieur petite harde que ie vous avois envoies par recon- 
oissance. 

Autre chose pour le present sinonque ie demeure vostre humble et hobei- 
sante seur rachel luce veuve dedouar le messarier 

Mary Morall owned in court that the aboue written is the same letter 
that she mentions under oath that she brook up the seale of ; when it was 
brought to her with other letters by tho Veley 27: 9: 77 

The following translation of the above is on file, and was evidently made 
at the time : 

Written y^ 28*^ of March 1677. 
In the name of god be this, — Brother Benjamin ; These Two small words 
are to acquaint you of my good health Thankes be to god ; & I pray god 
that it may be y® same of you all o"^ ffriends of Jarsie thankes be to god 
are in good health who recommend them well to you & to yo"" Brothers in 
generall to whome my humble baise mains ; declaring to them y® desire I 
haue of theire prosperitie, praying God dayley for them ; as for yo^ Sister 
Jane; she was bound to phillip English in my absence ; at w^^ I was trou- 
bled but I seing that shee must be erabarqued ; did ffurnish her very well 
with all sorts of necessaries for her Apparrell & gaue her a coffer in w^^ I 
putt seueral small cloaths w*^^^ I sent to you for a Token ; not elce for pre- 
sent but that I remayne 

Yo'^ humble & obedient Sister 

Rachel Luce, widdow of 

Edward Le Messarier. 
Superscribed — 

The present be giuen to Benjamin Le Messurier. Liveiug in Salem 

In new England. 

A Power of Attorney from Benjamin Mazure of Salem, Seaman, to " his 
loueing freiud James Browne of Salem aforsaid glazier," witnessed by 
Hilliard Veren Sen^ and Larrance masury 27: 9: 77 



BARNSTABLE FAMILY NAMES. 

By the Rev. G. T. Ridlon, of North Fahfield, Maine. 

THE following names were copied from a marriage certificate found in 
Fairfield, Maine. This old document was drawn in Yarmouth, Barn- 
stable Co., Massachusetts, and was witnessed by the parties who were 
present at the Quakers' meeting at the time the marriage ceremony was 
performed ; all belonged to the Society of Friends, and their descendants are 
now identified with the same persuasion in Maine — an excellent people. 

The parties married were as follows : Samuel Covil, son of Nathaniel 
Covil and Rebecca his wife ; and Mary Holaway, daughter of Barnabas 
Holaway and Elizabeth his wife. Date, " Yarmouth, Barnstable County, 
Massachusetts, 11th, 5th mo : 1791." 



280 



Barnstable Family Names, 



[July, 



Gideon Allen 
Samuel Wing 
Joseph Hoxie 
Ruth Winor 
Sarah Hillard 
Beulah Wing 
Comra [?] Wing 
Ebenezer Allen 
John Hoi a way 
Mary Wing 
Dorathy Wing 
Hannah Killey 



Elizabeth Wing, Jr. 
Grace Wing 
Desire Taber 
Content Killey 
Mary Allen 
Edward Wing 
John Wing, Jr. 
Joseph Wing 
Phebe Wing 
Bennet Wing 
Samuel Covil 
Mary Covil 



John Wing 
Abigail Wing 
Abigail Holaway 
Content Wing 
Barnabas Holaway 
Stephen Wing 
Joseph Wing 
Hittie Killey 
Isaac Hoxie, Jr. 
Lucretia Allen 
Abner Hoxie 



Notes to the Preceding. 

Samuel Covil, whose marriage ceremony was witnessed by the persons before- 
named, was born in Yarmouth, Barnstable County^, Mass., Dec. 22, 1763 ; married 
Mary, daughter of Barnabas and Elizabeth (Wing) Hollaway of said town, May 
11, 1791. His wife was born April 22, 1770, and died May 20, 1845. He died Dec. 
2, 1855. Samuel settled in Fairfield, Somerset County, Me. His parents were 
Nathaniel Covil and Rebecca Bider, and his grandparents John Covil and Thank- 
ful Bangs ; maternally, Zachariah Rider and Experiance Smith. His wife's grand- 
parents, paternally, were Gideon Holaway and Experiance Wing ; maternally, 
Stephen Wing and Annie Hoxie. His (Samuel's) children were as follows : 

1. GrxVCy, born July 5, 1792 ; m. John Davis, settled in Fairfield, Me., and died 

April 1, 1848, leaving issue. 

2. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 19, 1794 ; d. May 3, 1862. 

3. Sylvanus, b. July 5, 1798 ; m. Rosanna, daughter of Alden and Alice (Jones) 

Bowerman {see below), of Fairfield, Me., and had issue, Elvira, b. Jan. 
16, 1836, and Jane B., b. Feb. 19, 1839, d. Feb. 6, 1860. Mr. Covil d. 
Dec. 19, 1865. 

4. Allen, b. April 15, 1799 ; died Aug. 17, 1863. 

5. Deborah, b. May 17, 1801. 

6. Samuel, Jr., b. Jan. 3, 1804 ; died Nov. 2, 1829. 

7. Rebecca, b. May 31, 1809 ; died Nov. 3, 1839. 

Benjamin Bowerman, m. Hannah , and settled in Sandwich or Yarmouth, 

Mass. He had Benjamin, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of William and Mary (Swift) 
Gifibrd, and died lOth month, 17th, 1777; his wife died 4th mo. 7, 1874. They 
were married in " Sandwich Old Meetinghouse." She was a member of the Friends' 
"" Select meeting fourteen years." Their children were as follows : 

1. Elihu, born in Yarmouth, Mass., 8th mo. 24th, 1757 ; m. Anney, dau. of Eben- 
ezer and Mary (Allen) Allen, lOth mo. 15th, 1779, and " lived with her 
over 20 years." He m. second, Sarah Varney, settled in Fairfield, Me., 
and died May 22, 1854, aged 97 years. He was one of the first settlers 
in his town, and endured great deprivations and hardships, frequently 
living on mush made from meal and frozen potatoes. He was many 
years an Elder in the Society of Friends ; always sat on the " high seat 
and broke up the meetings." Mr. Bowerman was a noble specimen of 
a man ; was compactly built, muscular, erect, with a finely developed 
and well-poised head. He retained his physical and mental powers until 
very old, and could write a clear, steady hand when over ninety years of 
age. In a letter, written to a granddaughter when past ninety, he says : 
" I saw my grandfather Gifibrd's father and mother when I was young, 
and if they were living now (March 20, 1848) they would be about 180 
years old." His children were as follows : 1. Alden, b. Jan. 3, 1782 ; 
m. Alice A. Jones, in July, 1807, and settled in Fairfield, Me. His wife 
died Nov. 15, 1855; he died July 31, 1870. Issue as follows: Joseph^ 
b. April 17, 1808 ; Rosanna, b. Nov. 13, 1810 ; Avice J.,h. Dec. 26, 1814, 
and Almira W., b. Jan. 21, 1824. 2. William, m. Sarah Barker and 
had issue. Ami/, Cordelia, Samuel, Edward, Sarah, Mary, Eli, and 
David. 3. Maraby, m. Eliphalet Allen and settled in Fairfield, Me, 



1877.] Marriages in West Springfield , Mass, 281 

2. Harper, ra. Mary , and settled in Fairfield, Me. He subsequently 

moved to New York State. His children were Joseph^ Daniel^ Elizabeth^ 
and Pamelia. 

3. Zacheus, m. first, Jones; second, Elizabeth Wing. Lived in Fairfield, 

Me., and had ^enjamm, Elizabeth, Rose, Hannah, Avis, Daniel. Mr. 
Bowerman lived to be over 80. 

4. Benjamin, m. Phel)e Shepherd (sister to Abner) : settled in Fairfield, Me., and 

had issue, Anney, Lydia, Barnabas, Phebe, Benjamin, Patience, Ruthy 
and Rest. 

5. Samuel, m. first, Sherman ; second, Experience Davis ; settled in Fair- 

field, Me., and had issue, Rhoda, Paul, and Patlie. 

Note. — Many of this family now spell the name " Bowman.''^ 



Allen Family. — Eliphalet Allen, a descendant of the Aliens of Yarmouth, 
Mass., married Maraby Bowerman, daughter of Elihu (see Bowermans), and set- 
tled in Fairfield, Me., where he had issue, Eliphalet, Charles, Benjamin, Alden, 
Elihu, Amy, and Jane. Some descendants are now living in Fairfield. 

HoxiE Family. — Abel Hoxie, a son of , who was from Barnstable County, 

Mass., settled in Fairfield, Me., and had issue, Isaac, Abel, Solomon, Samuel, Silas^ 
Aaron. These sons are and were wealthy farmers in Fairfield, Me., and have nu- 
merous descendants now living in that town — very respectable people. 

Wing Family. — Several families of Wings settled in jNIaine, and two branches 
are now represented in Fairfield — one now living over 90. A very full family tree 
is preserved in the family of Mr. Paul Wing in that town. 

Note. — Several other families named in the catalogue are represented in Fairfield, 
among them Oiffords and Halaways. I hope to find other documents relative to 
the early settlers of this town. 



MARRIAGES IN WEST SPRINGFIELD, MASS., 1774-96. 

Contributed by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M., of New York, N. Y. 

[Continued from vol. xxx. page 196.] 

The Intention of Marriage between Gideon Allen J""^ and Hannah Bow- 
ker both of West Springfield was entered Feb^ 11*^ & published the 12*^, 
1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between William Day and Lucre tia Mclntier 
both of West Springfield was entered XL February & published the 
next Sunday. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Calvin Torrey of Southampton 
and Mary Carrier of West Springfield was entered March third 1786 & 
published the Sunday next following. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ely and Abigail Flower both 

of West Springfield was entered 25*^ of March & published y^ 20^^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Andrew Broga of West Springfield 
and Huldah W^ait of South wick was entered & published 3^ of April 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Frederick Burt of Longmeadow 
and Mrs. Mehitabel Lanckton of West Springfield was entered July the 
14*^ and published the 16'^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Heindrick Weber and Eunice Smith 
both of West Springfield was entered August 4*^ and published y® 6*^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Enoch Ely & Esther Ely both of 
West Springfield was entered August 11*^ & published the 13^^ 1786. [M. 
Oct. 29] 

VOL. XXXI, 25* 



282 Marriages in West Springfield, Mass. [July, 

The Intention of INIavriage between Samuel Black and Achsali Jones 
both of West Springfield was entered August 19'^^ & published the 20*^ 
178G. 

The Intention of Marriage between Lt. Jacques Harmond of Suffield & 
Miss Ruth Lankton of Wt Springfield was entered Sept. 8*^ & published 
the 10"^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Docf Jabez Cleveland of Spencer- 
town in the State of New York & Miss Keziah Cooper of West Spring- 
field was entered October 18*^ & published y^ 22^ 178G. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jonathan Birchard & Beulah Ely 
both of West Springfield was entered October 20'^ & published y^ 22*^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ezekiel Bagg and Huldah Cooly 
both of West Springfield was entered Novem. 27'^ & published the 29*^ 
1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between David Morley and Hannah Griswold 
both of West Springfield was entered & published y® 5*^ Novem^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Joseph Ely Jun^ & Martha Smith 
both of West Springfield was entered November y*^ 8*^ & published y® 
12*^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Alexander Cooly & Lydia Day 
both of West Springfield was entered Nov^ 11, & published y*^ 12*^^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Church & Lucy Sexton both 
of West Springfield was entered Aug. and published the 13*^^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Darius Ely & Margaret Ashley both 
of West Springfield was entered November 11 & published y^ 12, 1786. 
[M. Dec. 21] 

The Intention of Marriage between Benjamin Copley of Westfield & 
Hannah Killum of West Springfield was entered and published December 
y« 16*^ 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Ithamar Jones and Miss Thank- 
full Day, both of West Springfield was entered Decern^ 30*^ & published y° 
31, 1786. 

The Intention of Marriage between Heindreick Wilner of Springfield 
and Mary Hayward of West Springfield was entered February y^ 3^ & 
published y« 4^^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Taylor of West Springfield 

& Anna Stebbins of Longmeadow was entered February 10*^^ & published 
yc 11th 1737^ 

The Intention of Marriage between Moses Ely & Chloe Day both of 
Wt Springfield was entered March 9"^ & published y^ 11*^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Lewis Warriner & Betty Remington 
both of West Springfield was entered March 17*^ & published y*^ 18*^ 1787. 

The following Persons were married on the Day of the Date affixed to 
their respective names. [Pr. Joseph Lathrop.] 

Justin Day and Abigail Morgan both of West Springfield, Feb^ 11**^ 
1785. 

Samuel Smith of Sandisfield and Lovisa Ely of West Springfield, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1785. 

Ithamar Morgan & Chloe Bagg both of West Springfield June 23*^ 1785. 

Aaron White & Lucy Kellogg both of West Springfield August 23, 1785. 

Elijah Bliss & Charlotte Bagg both of West Springfield October 16*^ 
1785. 



1877.] Marriages in West Springfield, Mass. 283 

Reuben Foot & Hannah Farnham both of West Springfield Decenaber 
14'^ 1785. 

Solomon Stebbens and Malah Day both of West Springfield, December 
20, 1785. 

Ilendrick Weber & Eunice Smith of West Springfield August 21, 1786. 

Enoch Ely & Esther Ely both of West Springfield OctobeV 29"^ 1786. 

Jonathan Burchard & Beulah Ely both of West Springfield November 
16, 1786. 

Joseph Ely Jun^ & Martha Smith both of West Springfield November 
23, 1786. 

Darius Ely & Margaret Ashley both of West Springfield, December 21, 
1786. 

Alexander Cooly & Lydia Day both of West Springfield December 21, 
1786. 

Ezekiel Bagg & Iluldah Cooly both of West Springfield January 4, 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Solomon Lee of Westfield and Anna 
Lamb of West Springfield was entered March 31, 1787 & published y*^ 
next Sunday. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Bliss of Wilbraham & 
Clara Leonard of West Springfield was entered April 6*^ & Called off at 
three Publick meetings. 

The Intention of Marriage between [Love well ?] Lindsy of Westfield 
& Clarissa Nelson of West Springfield was entered April 18'^ and pub- 
lished y^ 22, 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Oliver Dewey of Westfield & Huldah 
Morley of West Springfield was entered April 24 and published y^ 29*^ 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Azahel Colton of Lonsjmeadow and 
Sarah Lanckton of West Springfield was entered April 24 and published 
the 29^^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Joseph Pheland Junior and Anna 
Flower both of West Springfield was entered & published May 12^^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Noadiah Smith & Tirzah Taylor 
both of West Springfield was entered & published May 12, 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Luke Parsons Jun"" & Esther Jones 
both of West Springfield was entered May 26*^ & published y^ 27*^' 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Day & Sophia Bagg both 
of West Springfield was entered May 17'^ & published y^ 26'^ 1787. 

Abraham Ripley and Mary both of West Springfield were joined 

toorether inmarriao^e June the 19*^ 1785. 

John Stone of Chesterfield and Elizabeth Leonard of West Springfield 
were joined together in Marriage July 6'^ 1785. 

Alexander Wolcott Esq"^ of Springfield & Miss Frances Burbank of West 
Springfield were joined together in Marriage 22*^ September 1785. 

Gideon Allen & Hannah Bowker both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage March y^ 8*^ 1786. 

William Day and Lucretia Mclntier both of West Springfield were 
joined in Marriage March 9*'' 1786. 

Israel Fitts and Sarah Cook both of West Springfield were joined in 
Marriage July 6^^ 1786. 

Frederick Burt of Longmeadow & Mehitabel Lankton of West Spring- 
field were joined in Marriage September 7*^ 1786. 



284 A Yankee Privateersman in Prison, [July, 

David ^lorley and Hannah Griswold both of West Springfield were 
joined in Marriage Decem"" 3, 178G. 

Benjamin Copley of Westfield and Hannah Killam of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage January tlie first, 1787. 

Lt. Jacques Harmond of Suffield and Miss Ruth Lankton of West 
Springfield were joined in Marriage the 4*^ of January 1787. 

Docf Jabez Cleveland of Spcncertown in y"^ State of New York and 
Miss Keziah Cooper of West Springfield were joined in marriage February 
ir^ 1787. 



A YANKEE PRIVATEERSMAN IN PRISON IN ENGLAND, 

1777-1779. 

Communicated by William Richard Cutter, of Lexington, Mass., witli Notes. 

[Continued from page 213.] 

[1778, July.] Saturday, 4th. Cloudy weather. Mr. Duckett came 
here, but brought no news. This day several of the French officers taken 
on board of the La Palace, were sent into the country on their parole. No 
news from Gen. Howe transpired as yet. No news concerning us this 
sometime. The French prisoners give us an account of nine hundred, or 
one thousand, English prisoners being in Nantes and its environs. 

Sunday, oth. Clear weather. We have the news of the British troops 
having evacuated Philadelphia [June 18, 1778], and had retired to New 
York. There are twenty-seven sail of the line lying at Spithead, waiting 
for a fair wind to proceed to sea. We have the news of the Andromeda hav- 
ing taken an American privateer, one hundred men on board ; twenty-five 
men of which entered,^ and the rest are to come on shore to-morrow ; the 
privateer they destroyed at sea. 

Monday, July Gth. Clear weather. This day sixty-four American pri- 
soners came on shore and committed to Forton Prison.^ The privateer 
taken proved to be the Angelic, a brigantine of eighteen guns, Capt. Dannis^ 
commander ; and was informed by some of the hands of my brother Wil- 
liam's being well, and all things going on in a flourishing way at Boston, 
which I am verj^ glad to hear. No news. The brig was taken by the An- 
dromeda six days after they left Boston."* 

Tuesday, 7th. Clear weather. One hundred and three French prison- 
ers came on shore, and were committed to Forton Prison. Mr. Wrenn 
and Mr. Duckett came and paid us our money, but brought no news con- 
cerning us. 

Wednesday, 8th. Clear weather. The fleet not as j-et sailed from Spit- 

^ That is, *' entered " tlic British service. Tliis plirase is more fully explained under 
entries of Juiirnal for Nov. 13, Doc. 14, lo, 10, 17, 19, 1778. 
'■^ All of the Angelica, out ot Hoston — see Roll. 
•* " ])annis " in orij^iiial. William Davis, cai)tain, commander of the brigantine Angeli- 



J^dlllllt^ lllVllj-^iiiill. TTA&lK&llA A>^4V»J.', Vt.«|'L>l(l II, VVyilLlll&«llVI>_l \ I I. IIIV^ 1^1 1-^1 lllllllV' Aill^VH- 

ca, out of Boston— coinmittod to Forton Prisou with sixty-three of his men, July 7, 177S — 
sec Roll. The Angelica (of IG guns — according to Roll) was taken. May 30, 1778. by the 
Andrcjnieda, of 28 guns — .>ix tlay.s (see Journal) after leaving Hoston. Capt. " Dannis " 
eifected his escape from prison, July 23, 1778 — entry of Journal, for July 24, 1778. 

* See entry inuucdiately itrevious. *' The Andromeda, in which ship General Howe c;ime 
passenger, in her way home fell in with and took the Angelica i)rivateer from Boston, 
mouuiing sixteen guns, six pounders, aiul !)8 nien ; and after taking out the hands, set the 
ship on lire." — Gcntlemaii's Magazine, for 1778, p. 330. 



1877.] A Yanhee Privateersman in Pi'ison, 285 

head. Nothing remarkable at present, only flying stories in the papers. A 
review of clothes this day. 

Thursday, 9th. Clear weather; nothing remarkable this day. 

Friday, 10th. Very hot. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came here, and 
brought us the news of his having received a letter from Mr. Hartly, who 
informs him of Lord North's sending over to France to ascertain the num- 
ber of officers and private men that they have got there prisoners. Like- 
wise this day it is in the papers that the king and ministry (by some informa- 
tion from General Howe) has allowed the Independency to America ; 

and the same ship is dispatched off immediately to the Commissioners, now 
in America, that brought General Howe. 

Saturday, 11th. Very hot weather. It is the report this day that Ad- 
miral Keppel's fleet sailed yesterday.* Likewise that John Cockran was 
arrived at Boston before the Angelic sailed. He broke out of this prison 
2d December, and got home by way of France; likewise our boatswain and 
captain's clerk, all in the same ship.^ 

Sunday, 12th. Very hot weather for this sometime past. It is certain 
the fleet sailed on Friday. No news of our being exchanged. In great 
expectation of a war with France [see entry, July 22, 1778]. 

Monday, 13th. Very hot weather. Admiral Keppel's fleet returned 
home again, being out (only) four days, having seen a fleet in the Channel 
enough to eat them ; and, it is said, of all nations.^ Nothing more material 
this day ; (onty) one hundred and twenty-one French prisoners were com- 
mitted this day, that were taken in the frigate La Belle Poula ;^ likewise 
have seen an extract of a letter from Dr. Cooper to Dr. Franklin, dated 
Boston, May the 13th, 1778. The pressgangs are very thick in all parts 
of this country, so that a man is not safe in his bed for robbers and press- 
gangs. 

Tuesday, 14th. Very hot weather; no rain this sometime past. Mr. 
Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and paid us, as usual, but brought no 
news. This day thirteen months since we came to Forton Prison. 

Wednesday, 15th. Very hot weather still. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duck- 
ett, Esq., came here twice this day, but brought no news worth mentioning. 
This morning increases our guard. One captain and one subaltern, and 
sixty men mount now, whereas half that number (only) mounted before. 
It is said we shall be sent away before September next. (It is like the rest 
of their talk !) 

Thursday, 16th. Fine weather. This day nine of the French officers 
went from this prison to Winchester, on their parole of honor. Nothing 
new this day. 

Friday, 17th. Summer-like weather. This day the French prisoners 
were let out into the large airing ground by the doctor's house ; and in the 
afternoon Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came here, and told us Mr. Eben- 
ezer Piatt was taken while going to South Carolina, and sent into Port 
Glasgow.^ 

^ See entries for July 12 and 13, immediately following. 

2 John Cockran was boatswain of the Yankee, from Boston — see note, under entry of 
Journal, for July 30, 1777. Thomas Cummins was the boatswain, and Daniel Dana the 
captain's clerk, of the brigantine Rising States— committed to Forton Prison, June 14, 1777 
— see Roll— who thus successfully effected their escape from prison— perhaps Dec. 2, 1777, 
the same time with Cockran— and got back safely to Boston. 

^ England, in this period of her extremit}', feared an assault by the combined powers of 
Europe. 

* See note, entry of Journal for June 28, 1778. 

5 The name of Mr. Ebenezer Piatt is not again mentioned in the Journal. 



286 A. Yankee Privateersman in Prison. [July, 

Saturday, 18th. Very hot weather. This day came on shore five officers 
belonging to the Alfred, twenty gun ship, out of Boston ; Capt. Inman, his 
first and second sailing lieutenants, and captain and lieutenant of marines.^ 
Likewise came on shore five more prisoners, all Americans ; the prize mas- 
ter and four hands taken in a prize belonging to the schooner Hawk, out of 
Marblehead (but belonging to Manchester), mounting ten carriage guns, 
one Capt. Hibbet commander.^ No news for us as yet. Out of all hopes. 

Sunday, 19th. Very hot weather. Great numbers of people of both 
sex here to day to see the American monsters. Nothing remarkable this 
day. 

Monday, 20th. A little rain this morning, and cleared off very hot. A 
report this day of the Alarm frigate's being taken by two American priva- 
teers.^ 

Tuesday, 21st. Cloudy and rainy weather. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duck- 
ett came and paid us our money ; likewise brought the news of a battle 
between the French and English fleets; the particulars we have not heard 
as yet. 

Wednesday, July 22d. This day cloudy and rainy. Last night a ship 
arrived from America (the Porcupine^), but what news she's brought has 
not transpired. Admiral Keppel's fleet consists of the — Victory, of a hun- 
dred guns ; five, of ninety guns ; eighteen, of seventy-four ditto ; seven, of 
sixty-four ditto ; that makes thirty-one sail of the line — besides one of thirty- 
two guns, four of twenty-eight ditto, one of twenty -four ditto ; in all six frigates. 
The French fleet consists of thirty ships of the line, besides two of filty, and 
fifteen frigates. Both fleets having sailed, we shall soon hear of a battle ; as 
the report of a war's being declared in France against England was in the 
public newspapers ten days ago.* This day fourteen French officers went 
on their parole of honor. 

Thursday, 23d. Rainy weather. This day it is affirmed that war was 
declared in France against England the 15th instant. This afternoon one 
hundred and twenty-one French prisoners came here from on board the 
Princess Amelia. Mr. Wrenn came here and brought us the news of the 
Commissioners being on their passage home again from America, without 
doing anything with Congress.^ 

^ Their names are given in Roll. Elisha Hinman, captain of the Alfred (of the United 
States Navy)— committed to Forton Prison, July 18, effected his escape from prison July 
23, 1778 — entry of Journal, for July 24, 1778. The Alfred was captured by the Ariadne 
and Ceres, March 9, 1778. Elisha Hinman took rank as the twentieth captam of the navy, 
in 1776. Paul Jones, when first lieutenant of the Alfred, displayed the American fla-j on 
board her Avith his own hands, before Philadelphia, for the first time, Dec. 1775. An account 
of Capt. Hinman is published in Drake's Biographical Dictionary, and Lossing's Field Book 
of the Revolution, ii. 640. 

^ Their names arc given in Roll. Robert "Walker was the prizemastcr. Two men be- 
longing to a " prize of yc Hawk" — were committed to Forton Prison, April 2, HTS— see 
Roll. " Brig" Hawk, 14 guns, 1777— vide Register, xxv. 368. 

^ See entries in Journal, tor July 25. and Nov. 2, 1778. 

* Sec entry, for July 27, 1778. 

^ July 22, 1778, Franklin wrote: — " The English and French fleets of nearly equal force 
arc now both at sea. It is not doubted but that if they meet, there will be a battle; for, 
though England through fear, affects to understand it to l)c still peace, and would excuse 
the (k'i)rcdations she has made on the commerce of France, by i)retc'nces of illicit trade, &c., 
yet Fiance considers the war begun, from the time of the King's nu>ssai;e to I^uiiament, 
comi)laining of the insult Franc-e had given i)y treating with us, and demanding aids to 
resist it, and the answer of !)()th Houses ofleriiig their lives autl fortunes. These, and the 
taking several frigates, are dt'cnied indisputalilc hostilities." 

s See note, un(ler entry of Journal for Ai)ril 16, 1778. Franklin Avrote to Hartley, from 
France, Oct. 26, 1778: — "Your Commissioners are acting very iniliscreetly in America. 
They first spoke very disrcsi)ectfiilly of our good ally. They have since called in question 
the powers of Congress to treat with them : and had endeavored to begin a dispute about 



1877.] A. Yankee Privateer smart in Prison, 287 

Friday, 24th. Rainy weather this week past. Last night ten of our 
officers made their escape by cutting a hole through their chamber floor 
into the Black Hole, and have got off clear, and have not been heard of 
since. They were as follows : Capt. Hinman, Ca!)t. Dannis, Capt. Murphy, 
Capt. Chew, Capt. Slacomb, Dr. Burns, Mr. Wailland, Mr. Lagear, Mr. 
Tryon, Mus. [sic] Bubotrong, a French gentleman.^ It was not made 
known till five o'clock this afternoon, when strict search was made after 
them, but to no effect. 

Saturday, 25tli. Fair weather this afternoon, but nothing strange. We 
have the agreeable news of the Lively, carrying twenty-two guns, is taken 
by a French frigate and carried into Brest.^ Likewise the Alarm frigate, 
and a cutter, are all taken and carried into France. 

Sunday, 26th. Clear weather this day. No news concerning us. Num- 
bers of the inhabitants came here to see us. 

Monday, 27th. Fine weather. This day came on shore from on board 
the Princess Amelia, eight American prisoners, who were examined at the 
Royal Hospital, and were committed to Forton Prison. They were taken 
by the Porcupine frigate. They mostly belong to Boston.^ 

Tuesday 28 th. Clear weather. Mr. Wrenn and Mr. Duckett came and 
paid us our money. Likewise a report that the French and English fleets 
have had a battle, in which Admiral Keppel was killed, and thirteen sail of 
ships disabled. One of the French prisoners made his escape, but was 
taken. 

Wednesday, July 29th. Clear weather. Nothing in the report concern- 
ing Keppel's having a battle. Monday last we began to undermine at one 
corner of the prison, to make our escape, which goes on very well as yet. 
No news remarkable concernino^ of our exchange. 

Thursday, 30th. Rainy this day, and we are employed about getting 

the detention of Burgoyne's troops, an affair which I conceive not to be within their com- 
mission. They are vainly striving by publications to excite the people against the Congress. 
Governor Johnstone hasbeen attempting to bribe the members, and without the least regard 
to truth, has asserted three projwsitions, which he says he will undertake to prove. The two 
first of them, I know to be false, and I believe the third to be so : [events proved that Frank- 
lin was right in all three]. The Congress have refused to treat with the Commissioners, 
while he continues one of them, and he has therefore resigned. These gentlemen do not 
appear well qualified for their position. I think they will never heal the breach, but they 
may widen it." 

* In this list of names we have followed the spelling of the original. For mention of 
Capt. Hinman— see note, under entry of Journal for July 18, 1778; for mention of Capt. 
" Dannis "—see note, entry of Journal for July 6, 1778; Capt. Murphy — see note, entry for 
Jan. 23, 1778; Capt. Chew — see note, entry, Jan. 23, 1778; Capt. Slacomb— note, entry for 
Jan. 23, 1778, &c. Dr. Burns — Dr. Thomas Burns, of the Angelica, out of Boston — see 
Roll— committed to Forton Prison, July 7, 1778. Mr. " Wailland "—Benjamin Whaland, 
midshipman, Sturdy Beggar, Maryland— see Roll and List of Officers appended— committed 
to Forton Prison, Jan. 23, 1778. Mr. " Lagear "—Edward Legcr, lieutenant of the Hornet, 
belonging to Maryland— see note, entry of Journal for May 16, 1778. Mr. Tryon— William 
Tryon, lieutenant, Notredame, belonging to South Carolina — see note, entry of Journal for 
July 30, 1777. Mons. '* Bubotrong," French gentleman — see note, entry of Journal for 
Aug. 9, 1777. An account of the escape in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1778, p. 332, 
states : " Thirteen American officers made their escape from Forton Prison;" and adds, that 
on *' the same day there was a mutiny in the hospital, which was so serious that the militia 
who were encamped near Wevil Brewhouse were ordered to lie on their arms all night." 

2 The Lively, Thomas Bishop, commander, 20 guns, 130 men, one of the squadron in 
North America, under the command of Admiral Graves, April, n75.—Toton and Country 
Magazine for 1775, p. 220. The Lively, ship of war, the first to fire on the American works 
in Bunker Hill Battle—Ibid, for 1775, p. 390, &c. From " an exact list of English men-of- 
war and frigates destroyed in the present war," published in the Gentleman's Magazine for 
1778, p. 546, is the item—" Lively, 20, Taken by the French off Brest." 

^ Their names are given in Roll. Holdon Rhodes was prizemaster» and Samuel Rice, his 
mate. They were of " a prize of the Brigg Satisfaction "—see Roll. " Sloop " Satisfaction, 
1777 — vide Register, xxvi. 26. 



288 The Indian Attach upon Casco, [July, 

all the money we can, to make our escape this night, as we have a hole five 
feet deep, and fourteen in length, and six round ; so that, it being all finished, 
we intended a push at about twelve o'clock, when we all got ready to go. The 
guard having information of our intentions, rather than kill us as we came 
out, came into the prison with ten lanthorns and proceeded for the hole, 
and caught two Frenchmen in it with lights to work. They were carried 
off immediately to the Black Hole, and there close confined. The prison 
now being in an uproar, as there were a great number agoing, such hop- 
ping and skipping as we never saw before — they placed sentinels over our 
works, and thus we were secured ; taking all the sentinels out of the prison 
from among us, and placing twice the number all around us, on the outside 
— so we ended the first night's work of sorrow for us. 

Friday, 31st. This day we found out that the information was given by 
one of our own people (an Englishman) who had been a prisoner near 
twenty months, and is now confined from us in the hospital, and has peti- 
tioned the Admiralty to go on board of the men of war. This day came 
on shore one hundred and three French prisoners, and two Americans 
amongst them, and were committed to Forton Prison. This night the 
lights and sentinels are taken out of both prisons. 

Saturday, August the 1st. Clear weather. All the French officers went 
to Alfred, twenty-four miles,^ on their parole of honor. They continue to 
keep us without lights and sentinels in the inside. This night some of the 
people got the keys of the prison, which caused a disturbance ; but after 
some plague and trouble they were delivered up. 

[To be continued.] 



THE INDIAN ATTACK UPON "CASCO" IN 1676. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

THE following letter, written from " Casco " by Thaddeus Clark, 
three days after the Indian attack upon that place in August, 
1676, diifers somewhat from the various accounts of that aflPair 
which are on record. 

A reference to Willis's ''Portland," pages 204-5, will make this 
more apparent. George Lewis is there stated to have escaped to 
the island in safety ; in the letter he and his wife are said to be kill- 
ed or captured. In " Willis " the Wakely killed is Isaac; in the let- 
ter it is plainly DanieL Hubbard says there were 34 persons killed 
and made captive — agreeing exactly with Clark's statement, viz. : 
" Of men slain 11, of Vomen and children 23 killed and taken." Wil- 
lis says, page 206, " To what extent the buildings w^ere destroyed we 
have no means of ascertaining." Hubbard states " that the homes 
of those killed and taken prisoners were burned," while Clark's let- 
ter says, "G'" Wallis his dwelling house and 7ione besides his is 
burnt." 

On the 20th of August George Munjoy was sent to Falmouth 
from Boston with fifteen hundred pounds of bread for the relief of 

» ** Alfred, 24 M." in original— Alford, co. Somerset ( ?) 



1877.] The Indian Attack upon Casco. 289 

persons there. This was probably immediately upon the receipt of 
Clark's letter to Mrs. Harvey, written on the 14th of August. 

Willis says (page 200) that in the beginning of 1675 Elizabeth 
Harvey, the mother of Thadcleus Clark's wife, was a member of 
Thomas Brackett's family in Falmouth. She must have gone, sub- 
sequently, to Boston, as Clark's letter is addressed to her there. 
She probably went with James Andrews, her son-in-law, who re- 
moved from Falmouth to Boston in 1675. Andrews died in Boston, 
1704. Mrs. Harvey was a daughter of George Cleeves, was mar- 
ried to Michael Mitten (prominent in the early history of IMaine)^ 
who was the Either of all her children. Subsequently she married 
a Harvey, and died a widow in 1682. 

Mr. Willis, in his '^Portland " (page 292), is in error as to the 
education of Clark. He says " he was not much educated ; his sig- 
nature to instruments was made by a mark." The letter which fol- 
lows is unusual for that period, in its expression and in its chiro- 
graphy, especially from one occupying no official position. 

Honoured Mother 

After my duty & my wifes presented to your selfe these may inform 
you of our present health, of our present being when otlier of our friends are 
by the barbarous heathen cut off from having a being in this World. The 
Lord of late hath renewed his witnesses against vs, & hath dealt very bit- 
terly with vs in that we are deprived of the Societie of our nearest friends 
by the breaking in of the adversarie against us : On Friday last in the morning 
your own Son with your two Sons in Law, Anthony & Thomas Bracket & 
their whole families were Killed & taken by the Indians, we Know not how, 
tis certainly known by us that Thomas is slain & his wife & children carried 
away captiue, & of Anthony & his familie we haue no tidings & therefore 
think that they might be captivated the night before becanse of the remoteness 
of their habitation from neighbourhood. G^^ Corban & all his family G™ 
Lewis & his wife, James Ross & all his family, G"^ Durham, John Munjoy, 
& Daniel Wakely, Benjamin Hadwell & all his family are lost, all slain 
by Sun an hour high in the Morning & after. G"^ Wallis his dwelling 
house & none besides his is burnt, there are of men slain 11, of women & 
children 23 killed & taken ; we that are aliue are forced upon M"^ Andrewes 
his Island to Secure our own & the lines of our families, we haue but 
little prouision & are so few in number that we are not able to bury the 
dead till more strength come to us, the desire of the people to your Selfe 
is that you would be pleased to Speak to M"^ Munjoy & Deacon Philips 
that they would entreat the Governour that forthwith aid might be Sent to 
us either to fight the enemie out of our borders that our English Corn may 
be inned in wherby we may comfortably liue or remoue vs out of danger 
that we may prouide for our Selues elswhere, hauing no more at present 
but desiring your prayers to God for his preservation of vs in these times 
of danger, I rest Your dutifull Son 

from Casco-bay Thaddeus Clark. 

14. 6. 76. 

remember my Loue to my sister &^. 

[Addressed : " These | ffor his honoured Mother | M" Elizabeth Harvjj, 
living I in Boston."] 
VOL. XXXI. 26 



290 Boston Committee of Correspondence^, &c, [July, 



RECOKD OF THE BOSTON COMMITTEE OF COREES- 

PONDENCE, INSPECTION AND SAFETY, 

MAY TO NOVEMBER, 1776. 

Copied by permission of Samuel F. McCleary, Esq., City Clerk, from the original 
record-book in tlie archives of the City of Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 33.] 

jY"% ^ O'clock Afternoon met acccording to Adjournment. 

* M' Wiswell, late of this Town Shoemaker, brought before this 
appears. Committee and charged with being our Enemy to American 
Rights — he was ordered to attend this Committee to morrow 
Morning 11 O'Clock. 

Adjourned to 11 O'Clock to Morrow Morning at the Council 
Chamber. 

30. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber July 30. 11 O'Clock 
M'" Brown in the Chair — 
Mr Eustis M^ Eustis returned as an Absentee on the late Muster attended, 
attends. ^^^ offered further Evidence in his favor — the Committee agreed 
to suspend any Order for a prosecution untill Satturday Fore- 
noon — 
Dani Wis- Daniel Wiswall late of this town, taken in a vessel of Jolly 
piain'd of to Aliens, bound from this Town to Hallif ax and sent up here from 
Enqtdry!^ Cape Cod — again attended & being examined by [page 26] the 
Committee — it was Voted, that a Complaint be entered against 
him, with Joseph GreenleaiF Esq. one of the Court of Inquiry, 
and that the Names of the Witnesses be returned to said Court. 

Adjourned to 5 O'Clock Afternoon to meet at the Council 
Chamber. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber — 5 O'Clock P.M. — 
^^^ 1?7^^' ^^ Shippy Townsend one of the Absentees on the late Muster 
excuse. Day attended ; and offers in excuse therefor that it is contrary to 
his Religious Sentiments to take up Arms in any case what- 
ever — 
Mr Pitchers M"" Moses Pitcher another of the Absentees attended, and offers 
excuse. ^^^ jj|^^ excuse with M"^ Townsend adding, that he could not be 

satisfied that it was lawful to oppose the Authority of tlie King. 
Mr How's Mr. How attended, and gives in excuse for not attending in the 
excuse. Common on the 22d Instant, that it was against his Conscience to 

take up Arms for any Government whatever. 
Mr Mans- M'' Isaac Mansfield attended, and offered the same excuse for 
excuse ^^^ appearing on the late Muster Day as was given by M"^ How. 
Mr Ho ' -^^ Henry King attends and gives as his reason for not attend- 

fsicjexcuse. ing in the Common on the 22d Instant — that he did not think the 
present Powers were so established as that he could conscientiously 
yield his full obedience to them ; and that he could not with a 
good Conscience take up Arms in any Cause whatsoever. 

M"" Meins attended, and acquaints the Committee [page 27] that 
•x^lty he had lived out of Town for ten Years, and did not apprehend 



1877.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, <f c. 



291 



1776. 
July 30. 



M' Mac- 
keen's 
excuse. 



31. 



Mr Bost- 

wicks 

excuse. 



Mr Wells' 
<3xcuse. 



Mr Gook- 

ings 
excuse. 



Mr Henley's 
excuse. 



Mr J. Ken- 
ley's excuse. 



Informa- 
tion of a 
Vessel at 
Lynn. 

Commee 
for Lynn. 



Mr Hogany 
excuse. 



August 2d 
Mr Cam- 
bridges 
excuse. 



himself to be an inhabitant of Boston, and therefore not obliged 
to appear in the Common on the late Muster Day, and that it was 
the first time that he was ever called upon to make an appearance 
in the Militia of this Town. 

M"" Mackeen another of the Absentees attended and says, that 
he was under Bonds to appear at Court that Day, which prevented 
his attending the late Muster, but he had contributed ten Shillings 
towards procuring Men for the Service. 

Adjourned to tomorrow 11 O'Clock in the Forenoon — 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber July 31 — 

Zachary Bostwick an Absentee at the late Muster Day appeared 
and informed the Committee, that he was not an Inhabitant of tliis 
Town, his home being Hartford in Connecticut — lie was told, that 
if he departed from Boston in a few Days, he would not hear fur- 
ther from the Committee, but if he remained here the fine for his 
non appearance on the 2 2d Instant would be demanded. 

M"^ John Wells one of the Absentees, appeared and informs that 
he was in the field on the late Muster day, but left it before Roll 
Call ; his Wife t^ Family being under the Small Pox requiring 
his assistance — that he had been so lo!ig a time out of Town, as 
led him to think that he was not an Inhabitant. 

M"^ Gooking another of the Absentees appeared, and says that 
he was that Day out of Town after Sheep, and it was after Roll 
Call before he could reach the Common ; and [page 28] that he 
had paid two Dollars toward procuring IMen for the Service in 
his Ward. 

M*" John Henley one of the Absentees, appeared and says his 
Non attendance in the Common on the 22d Instant was occasioned 
by his being unwell that day, his inability to attend, owing to a 
Strain received in removing some Cannon. 

M"^ Jacob Henley attended and made it appear to the Commit- 
tee, that he was in Cap* Adams' Company in the Common on the 
late Muster Day. 

The Committee of Correspondence have information given them, 
that a Brigantine lying at a Creek in Lynn, was fitting for Sea, 
and some suspicious Persons concerned of those who had been 
lately brought in Prisioners — whereupon Cap* Proctor and ColP 
Barber, were appointed to proceed immediately to Lynn, and make 
inquiry relative to the foregoing information. 

Adjourned to 6 O'Clock this Afternoon to meet at the Council 
Chamber. — 

6 O'clock P.M : Met according to Adjournment. 

M"^ Hoganny returned as an Absentee on the late Muster Day, 
attended and made it appear to the Committee that he was one of 
the French Prisoners, brought into this Province in the late War, 
and that he had never done duty in the Militia of this Town. 

Adjourned to Fry day Forenoon, Council Chamber 11 O'Clock. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety, Aug* 2d, Charles Cambridge returned as an Absentee at 
the late [page 29] Muster Day, appeared and asserted that he was 
on the Common at that time. 



292 



Boston Committee of Correspondence, Sc, [July? 



177G. 
Aiiff. 2. 



Mr Kuggles 
€xcuse. 

Mr Greens 
excuse. 



Mr Sigor- 

neys 

excuse. 



Mr Parkers 
excuse. 

Mr Greens 
•excuse. 



MrCrombys 
•excuse. 



2d. 



M'" Robert Ruggles attended, and informs, that his absence in 
the Common on the late Muster Day was occasioned by his being 
obliged to go to Portsmouth, in order to lay in his Claim to part 
of the Goods, on board a Prize sent in by Cap* Manly. 

Bartho^ Green returned as an Absentee on the 22d of July last, 
attended, and informs, that he was on the Common most of that 
Day, and that it was sickness that obliged him to leave it when he 
did. 

Elisha Sigorney, returned as an Absentee, attended and informs, 
that he appeared in the Independent Company on the Common at 
the late Muster. 

Thomas Parker an Absentee appeared and says that a lameness 
prevented, his attending in the Common on the Day required. 

Andrew Green returned as one of the Absentees, attended, and 
declares that he did appear in the Common on the late Muster in 
Ward N« 7. 

William Cromby Jun'* another of the Absentees attended, and 
informs that he had been out of Town for a Week before the late 
Muster. 

Adjourned to 6 O' Clock, this afternoon Council Chamber. 

August 2d 6 O'clock, Met according to Adjournment. 

M^ Constable Thomas, directed to require the attendance of a 
mimber of Persons, returned to this Committee as Absentees on 
the late Muster Day. 

Adjourned to to Morrow 11 O' Clock. 

[Page 30.] At a meeting of the Committee of Correspondence 
Inspection & Safety at the Council Chamber Aug 3d — 11 0' Clock 
A:M: 

Jonathan Pike an Absentee at the late Muster appeared, and 
informed, that he could not give his attendance on said Day, being 
then sick of the Small Pox — he is of Ward N° 2. 

Henry Welch of Ward N° 3 appeared, and affirmed that he was 

in the Common at the late Muster but his name was not called 

over. 

Mr Bacons John Bacon of Ward N^ 7 appears, and affirms that he was in 

excuse. ^-^^ Field the late muster Day, and answered to his Name which 

was called over. 

The Sub Committee appointed to go to Lynn and examine into 
the truth of the Reports respecting Cap* Pines Vessel Reported 
that they had waited on the Committee of Correspondence at Lyn 
& acquainted them, with the Circumstances of said Vessel, where- 
upon said Committee as by y'' Letter on file assure this Committee, 
that Cap* Pines Brigantine then in the Harbour of Lyn, should 
not depart from thence till they had received a line from us, and 
that to prevent it they would immediately take all her Sails into 
their keeping — whereupon — 

Voted, that M' Gray be appointed, to lay before the Hon^^'' 
Board the Rei)ort made by the Sub Committee relative to Cap* 
Pines Brigantine fitting out at Lyn. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety, at the Council Chamber August 5. 

M"" Brown in the Chair — 



1776. 
August 3d. 



Mr Pikes 
excuse. 



Mr Welch's 
excuse. 



SubCommee 
Report as 
to Capt 
I'ines 
Vessel. 



■Report to 
belrid 
before the 
Couucil. 



5. 



1877.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c, 293 

1776. r^^g^ ^1-] Joseph Loring an Absentee at the late Muster of 

„ ^ '. * , the Militia attended and made it appear that fhel is now one of 

Jir XjoriDff s 

excuse. the Fifers in the Colonial Army — 

informa- Upon information given respecting one Corporal Wade of the 

tion of Regulars, M^ Plutchburne was appointed to make inquiry into the 

wlde."''^ Ground of this Report. 

Mr Rand Daniel Rand of Ward N^ 8. attended and informs that his 

excuse. absence from the Common on the late Muster was wholly owing 

to his being sick with the Small Pox and that he had contributed 

his proportion for the hiring of Men for the public Service. 

_, ^. .^ , M'" William White returned as an Absentee on the late Muster, 

jUr vVnite s 

excuse. attended, and acquainted the Committee that he was not an Inhabi- 
tant of Boston, which was the reason for his not attending as 
required by the Warning. 

Adjourned to 6 O'Clock in the Evening at the Council Cham- 
ber. 

5 Met according to Adjournment at the Council Chamber 6 
* O'clock P. M : 

Voted ; that the following Letter be sent the Comm® of Corre- 
spondence &c. for the Town of Lynn. — Viz* — 
Gentlemen 
Committee This Committee acknowledge the Receit of your favor of 

of Lynn, ^j^^ 3p Ultimo, by the hand of ColP Barber & Major Proctor two 
of their Members & would inform you that in consequence of it, 
they have made a Representation to the Council of the Situation 
of Cap* Pines Brigantine, and pray'd the Hon^'^ Board to send 
such directions to you as shall be sufficient to remedy the evil 
Complained of. 

[Page 32.] We should do in justice to you as well as to the 
cause we are ingaged in, did we not notice with pleasure your very 
ready attention to this matter. We feel ourselves obliged by it, 
and the Committee of Lynn may always depend upon our peculiar 
attention to any advice they may see necessary to communicate 
to us, and our cheerful coopperation with them in the duties of our 
department. 

We are very truly 

Your Friend & Hum^ Ser^ 

John Brown, Chairman. 

tcf ccMincQ^ The following representation respecting Cap* Pines Vessel was 
respects given in to the Hon**^ the Council of this State — Viz* — 
Cag Fines rp^ ^^^ jj^^bi ^^^ Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay, 
now sitting at Watertown. 

The Committee of Correspondence Inspection & Safety for the 
Town of Boston beg leave to Represent to your Hon^^ Board that 
a complaint has been made to them, that a certain Brigantine 
lately a Prize taken by one of the Continental Cruissers whereof 
one Pine a Person inimical to these States, is now Master is in a 
very secret manner getting ready for Sea at an obscure part 
of the Harbour of Lynn, called the Pines, a Situation peculiarly 
adapted for such a clandestine purpose as carrying off Prisoners of 
War and other disaffected Persons & very contiguous to the resi- 
dence of one of the most capital Prisoners among us — It is un- 
VOL. XXXI. 26* 



294 Thomas Newcomh's Account Booh, [July, 

Au^'^'b accessary for this Committee to suggest to your Honors the danger 
to wliich the departure of this Vessel might subject us, it is too 
striking to need any representations. 

[Page 33.] We therefore pray your Honor to give such direc- 
tions to the Committee of Lynn in whose name as well as our 
own we make this application, as to your wisdom shall seem com- 
petent to remedy the evil complained of — 

By order & in behalf of the 
Committee 

John Brown, Chairman. 
Adjourned to to Morrow 11 O'Clock, Council Chamber. 

[To be continued.] 



THOMAS NEWCOMB'S ACCOUNT BOOK. 

Communicated by John B. Newcomb, Esq., of Elgin, Illiuois. 

THE following names are copied from the account book of Thomas* 
Newcomb, kept by him at Lebanon, Ct., in the years 1735-38. The 
names followed by a (^) are mentioned in the accounts. For a full notice 
of this Thomas'* Newcomb {Simon,^ Andrew,^ Andrew^), see pages 38, 39 
and 40 of a " Genealogical Memoir of the Newcomb Family," published 
in 1874 by me. I think the publication in the Registfr of these names 
will be of service to many persons engaged in genealogical research. 

Caleb Abel,'' John Abel, Timothy Aeirs, Eben"" Albrig, Amos Allen of 
Windham, his brother Wm.,'^ his father,^ Daniel Allen of Windham, John 
Allen, Joshua Allen, his father,^ Joshua Allen, Jr., Samuel Allen, Jr., bro- 
ther Joshua,'' W™ Allen, son Amos,^ W" Allen, Jr., brother Amos,^ Gide- 
on Arnold, John Arnold.'^ 

Eben"" Badcock of Coventry, Joseph Badcock of Windham, Isaac Bai- 
ley, his wife,^ Joseph Bailey, Samuel Bailey,'' Saxton Bailey, John Bald- 
win, Benjamin Ball, Benj. Ball, Jr.," tTosiah Bartlett's^ Boy,^ Ignatius 
Barker, James Bettes, David Bosworth, Nathaniel Bosworth, Benajah 
Bill, Ebenezer Bill, James Bill of the Crank, son Jeremiah," James Bill 
of Goshen, John Bill, Jr., Stephen Bingham, Benjamin Bissell, Daniel 
Bissell, brother Benjamin's" wife," John Bissell," Elisha Black," Joseph 
Blackman," Ebenezer Bliss, his father," Henry Bliss, John Bliss, John 

Bliss, Jr., Nathaniel Bliss, Jr., sister Mary," Saml. Bliss, Boyd" of 

Newport, Benjamin Brewster, son Daniel," Benjamin Brewster, Jr., Com- 
fort Brewster," Daniel Brewster, John Brewster," Oliver Brewster," Peter 
Brewster, Samuel Brewster, Samuel Brotton, Capt. Ebenezer Brown, 
Ephraim Brown, Samuel Brown, Stephen Brown, Saml. Buckingham, 
Abel Buell, John Buell, Peter Buell, son Solomon," Timothy Buell, his 
father," William Buell of Hebron, his father," Ephraim Burt, Daniel 
Burchard, Malakiah Butler. 

James Calkin, liiliza Calkin, Jeremiah Calkin, his father, John Calkin, 
2d, John Calkin, 3d, brother James," James Case, tTonathan Case, Caleb 
Chappell, Jabez Chappell, Joshua Chappell, John Chipman" of Newport, 
Robt. Coggswell, Samuel CoggswcU, sr., Sanniel Coggswell, jr., Aaron 
•Clark, his son Aaron," his son Eliphalet, Aaron Clark, jr., Benony Clark, 



1877.] Thomas NewcomVs Account Booh. 295 

Eliplialet Clark, Gershom Clark,'^ Jonathan Clark, Jonathan Clark, jr., 
Joseph Clark,^ Timothy Clark, W" Clark, jr., John Closson, Nehemiah 
Closson, Ebenezer Cole, Joshua Cole, Benjamin Collins, Wm. Collins, 
Judah Colman, Niles Colman,^ Isaac Corbitt,^ John Corbitt, W™ Corbitt, 
Daniel Croos of Mansfield, Stephen Croos of Mansfield, Eleazer Curtiss, 
Dewdatus Curtiss, his father,^ Henry Curtiss, Solomon Curtiss, Solomon 
Curtis, jr., Thomas Cushman, W" Cushman. 

Benj. Davenport, Ephraim Davenport, Seth Dean of Colchester, David 
Dewey, John Dewey, Jonathan Dewey,"^ Joseph Dewey, Josiah Dewey, 
Nathaniel Dewey,'' Noah Dewey, his father,^ Samuel Dewey,^ Simeon 
Dewey ,^ Thomas Dewey, his father,^ W°^ Dewey, Henry Diar, Elisha Dou- 
bleday, Andrew Downer, Ebenezer Dunham. 

Hezekiah Edgeton, Joseph Edgeton, 2d, of Norwich, Daniel Edwards, 
Daniel Edwards, Jr., of Coventry, dau. Haunah,'' Ebenezer Edwards, Jo- 
seph English,'^ Richard English. 

Nathaniel Fitch, Joseph Fitch, Asa Foster of Goshen, brother Phine- 
has,^ John Foster of Windham, Aaron Fowler, John Fowler of Coventry, 
John Fowler, Jonathan Fowler, Isaac Fox of Norwich, John French of 
Coventry, Jonathan French, Isaac Frink, Ebenezer Frisket, Abial Fuller, 
Amos P'uller, Aaron Fuller, Benjamin Fuller, jr., Ezekiel Fuller, Jeremi- 
ah Fuller,'' Joshua Fuller, Nathaniel Fuller,'' Israel Fulsom. 

John Garner of Coventry, bro. Benjamin,'' Samuel Garner of Coventry, 
son John," Stephen Garner of Colchester, Philip Gay, Daniel Gelet, P^ben- 
ezer Gelet," Eleazer Gelet, Noah Gelet, Samuel Gelet of Colchester, Philip 
George, John Gibbs, Betty Glover, Henry Glover, jr.," Nathaniel Gove or 
Gore, jr., John Gott," Dr. Gray, Ebenezer Gray, Simeon Gray, Hannah 
Guild, Israel Guild of the Crank, Keziah Guild." 

John Hadlock, Caleb Hamman of Scotland, Jonathan Hartshorn, Samuel 
Hartshorn," John Hartwell, Peter Hartwell, Hannah Harsel, Susannah 
Hatch," Joel Harvey, Bartholamew Heath, Ezekiel Herrick of Coventry, 
John Hibbard," Philip Hill, his father Cutten," Samuel Hill, jr., of Goshen, 
Gershom Hinckley, Abel Holbrook, Nathaniel Holbrook, Nicholas Hol- 
brook, Samuel Holmes," Samuel Horskins of Norwich, Nathaniel House, jr., 
Widow Hepzebah Hutcheson, sons John," Timothy," dau. Margaret," Heze- 
kiah Hutcheson, Samuel Hutcheson, son Stephen," Moses Hutcheson," Sam- 
uel Hutcheson, jr., John and Sam. Hunkes [brothers, Indians], Ebenezer 
Hunt, Phinehas Hunt," Simeon Hunt, his father," sister Esther," Widow 
Hunt, Nath. Huntington, John Huton," Joshua Hunton of Norwich, Abner 
Hyde," Daniel Hyde," David Hyde," Ebenezer Hyde, jr., Elijah Hyde," 
John Hyde, Samuel Hyde. 

Joseph Ingraham. 

David Jacobs, of Mansfield, son Owen," Samuel Jacobs of Mansfield, 
Jonathan Janes, Noah Janes, Wm. Janes, sons Jonathan," Abel" and Timo- 
thy," John Johnson, son Seth," Marvelsk(?) Johnson, Mary Joyce. 

Thomas Kellogg, Ephraim Kidder of Coventry, Jonathan Kilborn,^ 
John King," Nathaniel Knapp. 

Joseph Leonard, Hezekiah Lamphier," John Leach," David Lee, An- 
drew Lisk, Benajah Loomis," Ephraim Loomis, Ezekiel Loomis, Israel 
Loomis, John Loomis of the Crank, Nathaniel Loomis, Zachariah Loomis, 
Benjamin Lothrop, Jabez Lyman, his father," Jaed Lyman," John Lyman, 
Jonathan Lyman, Jonathan Lyman, jr., Samuel Lyman, Stephen Lyman,^ 
Joseph Luse. 

Benajah Mackall, James Mackall, Israel Markham of Windham, Dennis 



296 Thomas NewcomVs Account Booh, [July, 

Merauo-h, Capt Marsh,^ Matthias Marsh of Coventry, Jeremiah Mason, 
Ebenezer Metcalf, son Benjamin,"^ son Timothy,"^ Jonathan Metcalf, Jona- 
athan Metcalf, jr., Wm. Metcalf,^ John Mory, Linford Mory. 

Samuel Negus, jr., Wm. Negus, Benjamin Newcomb,t Hezekiah New- 
comb,! John Newcomb,! Obadiah Newcomb,t Simon Newcomb,! Joseph 
Newman. 

Elias Osborn, Benjamin Owen, Caleb Owen, Joseph Owen, jr., Joshua 
Owen, Moses Owen, Ruth Owen.'' 

Benj. Paine, Joseph Paine, Nehemiah Palmer, Stephen Palmer, Capt. 
Samuel Parker, Samuel Parker, jr., of Coventry, John Partridge, Caleb 
Peirce, John Pember, Cornelius Phelps of Hebron, Dorathy Phelps, Jacob 
Phelps, Jedediah Phelps, son Paul,"" Widow Sarah Phelps, son Joseph,^ 
Josiah Pheney, Joshua Phina, James Pineo, his bro. Joseph,^ John Porter, 
2d, of Hebron, John Porter, Nathaniel Porter,"^ Samuel Porter, bro. John,^ 
Thomas Porter, John Powell,'' Roland Powell, Stephen Powell, Truman 
Powell. 

Abraham Reddington of Mansfield, Amos Randall,^ David Ripley,^ John 
Robards,'' Daniel Rose, Joseph Rose,^ John Robeson^ of Coventry, Jehial 
Rose of Coventry, David Ripley, Daniel Royce of Mansfield, Nehemiah 
Royce, Benjamin Ruhman or Richman, Samuel Rust. 

Jacob Sayar or Soyar of Windham, Benjamin Seabury, Ebenezer Searl, 
son Ebenezer,^ son John,^ John Searl of Coventry, Joseph Shattuck, Sam. 
Shipman of Hebron, John Simms, John Slate,'' Joseph Sluman,^ David 
Sluman,'' Benjamin Smalley, Erancis Smalley,'' Joseph Smalley, Benjamin 
Smith, Daniel Smith'' of Windham, John Smith of Colchester, Matthew 
Smith," Amos SpafFord, Henry Spafford," Samuel SpafFord, Thomas SpafFord,^ 
Ebenezer Spencer, Ebenezer Sprague & wife," John Sprague, jr., bro. 
Eliakim, W" Sprague," Widow Stedman," Amos Stickney, Jedediah Strong, 
Josiah Strong of Colchester, Phinehas Strong, John S wetland," Joseph 
Swetland of Hebron, W" Swift. 

ha Taylor, Margaret Taylor, Ephraim Terry, Jr., and John Terry, 

brothers, Samuel Terry, his father," Mary Thatcher, Partridge Thatcher, 
Peter Thatcher, son Peter," son John," Ralph Thatcher, dau. Sarah," Tho- 
mas Thatcher, son Dean," Thomas Thatcher, jr., Grace Thomas, Mabel 
Thomas, Thankful Thomas, James Toby," Joseph Troope, bro. Dan," John 
Ticknor," W'^ Ticknor, his mother," Ebenezer Tildon, Isaac Tildon, Joshua 
Tildon," Joshua Tilleson," Ebenezer Tisdal," James ToflifF, Jonathan 
Trumble, John Tupper, Ebenezer Trisket, — hab Turner, Robert Turner, 
James Tuttle, Nathan Tuttle, Stephen Tuttle." 

W™ Valance," Daniel Vaughan, John Voce. 

John Wadsworth of Goshen, Joseph Walden of Windham, Cornelius 
Waldo of Scotland, Mr. Ward," Thomas Warner, Ebenezer Waterman, 
John Wattles, Timothy Webb of Scotland, Beriah Webster," Benajah 
Webster, Ebenezer Webster, George Webster, John Webster, Mary Web- 
ster Samuel Webster, Zerviah Webster, Jonathan Welch, Amos West, son 
Moses," his father," Nathan West, Perigrene Wheeler, his father," Phinehas 
Wheeler, Resolved Wheeler, Sarah Wheeler, Robert White of Stafford, sons 
James" and li^benezer," James White, Robert White" of Ashford, Joseph 
Wi(*hton" of Ashford, Daniel Williams, Samuel Williams," Josiah Wilson, 
Philip Woodhouse, Israel Woodward," Lediah Woodward," Thomas Wood- 

t Brothers of owner of the book. 
X Their father. 



1877.] The Gayer Family, 297 

ward, Amos Woodworth'^ & wife, Benjamin "Woodworth,^ Caleb Wood- 
worth, Ebenezer Woodworth, Ezekiel Woodworth,'^ Jedediah AVoodworth, 
his father,^ Joseph Woodworth, Sen'', Joseph Woodworth, Samuel Wood- 
worth of Coventry, Daniel Worthington, Benjamin Wright, Ebenezer 
Wright, bro. Ephraim,'' Ephraim Wright, Samuel Wright,"" Timothy 
Wright of Colchester. 



THE GAYER FAMILY. 



Communicated by William C. Folger, Esq., of Nantucket, Mass., Corresponding 
Member of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

WILLIAM GAYER, Esq., came to this country from Devonshire, 
England.^ He married Dorcas Starbuck, daughter of Elder Ed- 
ward Starbuck by his wife Katherine Reynolds of Wales. He was an 
earl}^ settler of Nantucket ; probably had been a ship-carpenter ; was 
a farmer and a justice of the peace. I find by the records in the office of 
our Secretary of State, that Capt. John Gardner and Mr. William Gayer 
were representatives to the general court from Nantucket on the 8th of 
June, 1G92, being the first representatives from that island after its transfer 
from the colony of New York to the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 
William Gayer, Esq., was one of five judges appointed by the Governor of 
Massachusetts, in 1704, to try an Indian on Nantucket, named Sabo, for the 
crime of murder. 

He lived in a double house, one and one-half stories in height, on Church 
Street, in Nantucket, occupied long since my first remembrance by descend- 
ants of his daughter, Damaris Coffin. This house for a long time was consid- 
ered the oldest on the island, and I think was built in 1682, of solid oak 
timber, the growth of the island, and strengthened with oak knees, like a 
ship, and very firmly. It passed into the hands of strangers about 1839 or 
1840, and was taken down to give place to a modern dwelling house. A 
bureau, with a sort of book-case or cupboard on top, which was made in 
Oliver Cromwell's time and brought over by William Gayer, probably in 
Charles the Second's reign, belonged to my grandmother, a great-grand- 
daughter of William Gayer, Esq. It was made in part of English oak, 
colored a dark red, and ornamented with turned pieces of maple, painted 
black and nailed on ; and the top part, or cupboard, was in part supported 
by two maple urns, or short pillars, painted black. It was altogether an 
unique but useful piece of furniture. After the death of both of my 
grandparents, it was placed in the cabinet of curiosities of the Nantucket 
Atheneum, but was burned up in the great fire of 1846, when that build- 
ing, with its fine collection of books, south-sea shells, war weapons, &c., was 
destroyed. 

William Gayer was called Mr. in the old records, and was a very respect- 
able man. His first wife, Dorcas, according to tradition, died in the 8th 
mo. 1696. He afterwards married a widow named Mary Guard, of Boston 
or its vicinity, and as she had a daughter named Christian Cundy, it is pro- 

* The father of William Gayer probably died in England. His widow Jane was living 
in Plymouth, England, in 1694. Their children, as far as I can learn, were: i. William 
(above) ; ii. Jane^ m. Lee; iii. Joan, m. Thomas Hooper; iv. , father of Eliza- 
beth Gayer ; v. Sir JbAw, m. first, Harper — m. second, Mary . 



298 The Gayer Famihj. [July, 

bable she had been married twice previous to her marriage with Mr. Gayer. 
She is said to have died when on a visit to Boston, in warm weather, ller 
husband survived her some years, dying at his residence on Nantucket the 
23d of 7th mo. 1710. The children of William and Dorcas (Starbuck) 
Gayer were : 

i. Damaris, b. Oct. 24, 1673 ; m. on Nantucket by William Worth, Esq., 
17th of 8th mo. 1692, 0. S., to Nathaniel Coffin, son of James Coffin, 
Esq., and grandson to Tristram Coffin, Sen. He was a captain in 
the merchant service, and made voyages to Europe and elsewhere. 
He died Aug. 20, 1721, aged 50 years. Damaris Coffin survived her 
husband over forty-three years, dying 6th of 9th mo., 1764, aged 90 
years 10 mos. 

ii. Dorcas, b. 29fch of August, 1675 ; m. 6th of December, 1694, her 
cousin Jethro Starbuck, son of Nathaniel and Mary. lie was born 
14th of December [Qu. 4th December, O. S. ?], 1671, and died 12th 
of August, 1770, aged 98 yrs. 8 mos. 6 days. Dorcas, his wife, died 
10th of nth mo. 1747, 0. S., aged 72 years. 

ill. William, Jr., b. June 3, 1677; m. in England his cousin Elizabeth 
Gayer. The Christian name of her father I never learned. William 
Gayer, Jr., died in England the latter part of 1712, or early part of 
1713. He had become quite wealthy ; was in early life a seaman ; 
at a later period with his uncle Sir John Gayer in ladia, in the ser- 
vice of the East India Company ; then had gone to England, the birth- 
place of his father, married and probably settled down with a pros- 
pect of years of comfort before him, till seized by the malady which 
ended his days in the thirty-fifth year of his age. With the death 
of William Gayer, Jr., the name of the Nantucket branch of the 
family, as a surname, became extinct ; but descendants of his two 
sisters, down to my time, have borne the names of William Gayer 
and Gayer used as first and second names — as William Gayer Coffin, 
Gayer Starbuck, Gayer Gardner, &c. — showing with what respect 
the ancestral name has been held. 

From Capt. Nathaniel and his wife Damaris (Gayer) Coffin, who 
had a large family of children, descended, besides many worthy 
Nantucket families, some of the Amory family of Boston ; and also 
from William Coffin, son of the said parents, was Nathaniel Coffin, 
the father of the late British General John Coffin, and his brother 
Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin, Bart., of the British Navy. 

From Jethro and Dorcas (Gayer) Starbuck are descended most of 
the present Starbuck and Mitchell families of Nantucket, and the 
Rotch and Rodman families of New Bedford. 

The descendants of William Gayer, Esq., through his two daugh- 
ters, are quite numerous, and are scattered through many of the 
States. 

1. Letters by Members of the preceding Family. 

The following letter is from Jane Gayer, mother of William Gayer, Sen., 
from Plymouth, Pingland, to her son William Gayer at Nantucket. 

Sonn my dearest love to you and to your wife and to my Grand children hoping 
that these few lines will find you in good health — As through mercy I Injoy att tliis 
present writing : I have sent you two letters by jM' : Blag of newyork ; and I have 
sent you severall leaters by outher mean by I never Received none from you since 
the 1 of October 1692 bearing tliis date : Deare Sonn I should Request you that I 
might heare from you — your Brother S'"": John sailed from the downs the last of 
may was A 12 months Agon and All his famaly witli liim, tlie month after he went 
away they put in for the madeara I received a letter from him out of tlie madaris's, 
since 1 have not heard from him for there hath not a Ship com home from that i)laco 
since : 1 did not know weather tliere was A new inglaiul man here or no before 
your unkols land eom to me to know how to dirict a leater to you and that is con- 
earning (Jousin Jane Brays busnes : I shall be like a fule to duball my Request to 
you that I might hear from you and y^ I might know how to dirict ^ly letters t